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UoiTersity of the State of New York 



State Library Bulletin 

HISTORY No. I 

April 1898 



SUPPLKMEHTAKV LIST 



Marriage licenses 



ALBANY 

uxivEk*nv or tu» siatb ov t 



Price 5 ceau 



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UniTcraity of the SUte of New York 


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INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO HISTOKY SERIES 

This is the first of a series of bulletins reproducing historical 
material not readily accessible. The New York state library has 
over 250,000 manuscripts from which selections will be made of the 
matter most frequently in demand not only by historians but by 
genealogists, members of patriotic societies and others who in recent 
years are showing so nmch added interest in everything pertaining 
to our early history. The pamphlet form of the bulletins has l>een 
adopted instead of the costly large volume, as in most cases the 
inquirer finds what he needs in the pamphlet without incurring the 
expense of the book. As fast as enough bulletins arc printed to 
make a volume they will be bound together, with suitable contents 
and indexes. It is thought that wo can in this way with a minimum 
of expense make our historical treasures more widely available. 

Melvil Dewey 

Director 



n \ SS> '^ 



ABBREVIATIONS 

C. M. Colonial maDnscripts 

D. Deeds 

G. B. R. New York genealogical and biographical record 

G. E. General entries, v^. 1 

L. W. Licenses and warrants 

M. B. Marriage bonds 

W. O. P. Warrants, orders, passes 

Volume and page numbers are separated by a colon ; e. g. 3 : 145 
means vol. 3, page 145. 



University of the State of New York 



State Library Bulletin 



HISTORY No. I. 



April 1898 



SUPPLEMENTARY LIST OF MARRIAGE LICENSES 



PKEFACE 



Since the publication of the NamesofpersoTi^forwhoinmcirricu/e 
licenses were issued hy the secretary of the province of New York 
previovrS to 178 Jf^ Albany 1860, to which this volume is a supple- 
ment, there have been found three thin folio volumes of marriage 
bonds which have been bound as v. 41 of the series of Marriage 
hands. Of this volume p. 1-66 cover the years 1752-53, p. 67-144 
the years 1755-56, and p. 145-240 the year 1758. Some of these 
names were printed by E. B. O'Callaghan in the New York 
genealogical and biographical record ^ October 1871, 2:194-200, 
but they are all entered in this list as in Marriage bonds, v. 41. For 
an account of marriage licenses and description of the original 
volumes of Marriage bonds see introduction to the Names cf per- 
sons for whom 7narria^e licenses were issued previous to 178Jf,. 

The names in the present supplement have been obtained from 
the following sources : 

1 Marriage bonds, v. 41, above mentioned. 

2 Addenda on p. 478-80 of the volume entitled Names of per- 
sons for whom, marriage licenses were issued previous to 178 Jf, 
AJbany 1860. This list of addenda contains names occurring in the 
original 40 volumes of Marriage bonds and overlooked in the 



Unirersity of the State of New Vork 



State Library Bulletin 

HISTORY No. I 

April 1898 



BUPHLEMENTARY LIST 



MARRIAGE LICENSES 



ALBANV 
UNIVEBSirV OB ni& 9TATB 0¥ tfllW TUKK 



Price j cents 



12 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1756 Mar. 25 Brinckerhoff, Daniel, and Ann Montfort M.B. 41:100 

1758 July 10 Brinckerhoff, Elizabeth, and John A. Brinckerhoff 

M.B. 41:178 

1756 Ap. 10 Brinckerhoff, John, and Mary'Lnyster M.B. 41:107 

1758 July 10 Brinckerhoff, John A., and Elizabeth Brinckerhoff 

M.B. 41:178 

1G95 Mar. 9 Britten, Rebecca, and Abram Cole G.B.R. 3: 92 

1704 Ap. 5 Britton, Anne, and Nathan Whitman G.B.B. 2: 26 

Hili6 Aug. 12 Brookesbanck, , and Humphrey Tregenny G.B.R. 3: 94 

1753 Jan. 5 Brookman, Catherine, and Alexander Phoenix M.B. 41: 40 

1706 Jan. 10 Broughton, Andrew, and Mary Mansey G.B.B. 2: 28 

1705 Dec. 24 Broughton, Samson, and Mary Ravaud G.B.R. 2: 28 
1752 Dec. 22 Brower, William, and Mocletla Van Duyn M.B. 41: 35 

1752 Dec. 20 Brown, Abigail, and Joshua Mersereau M.B. 41: 32 

1753 Jan. 24 Brown, Hannah, and Benjamin Quereau M.B. 41: 50 

1706 Mar. 30 Brown, John, and Abiny Barden G.B.R. 2: 28 

1704 July 29 Brown, Mary, and Hendrlck Jansen G.B.R. 2: 26 

1705 Dec. 24 Brughman, Harmanus, and Allite Stevense G.B.R. 2: 28 

1695 Oct. 16 Bruyor, Geshennamah, and Juriaen Bosch G.B.R. 3: 92 
1098 Nov. 10 Bryan, Elizabeth, and John Durend G.B.R. 3:193 
1763 Oct. 26 Bryant, Jesse, and Mary Ketcham M.B. 7:406 

1696 May 7 Buckenhoven, Stephen, and Anna van Hoist G.B.R. 3: 94 
1703* Dec. 9 Buckley, Elizabeth, and John Huttkins G.B.R. 2: 26 

1695 Oct. 11 Budd, Joseph, and Sarah Underbill G.B.B. 3: 92 
1758 July 22 Bufflere, Jacob, and Margaret Simonsen M.B. 41:191 
1698 Dec. Bunt, Mary, and Christian Lawrier G.B.R. 3:193 
1705 Nov. 21 Bunting, Benjamin, and Cornelia Caroleln G.B.R. 2: 28 
1693 Sep. 4 Burch, William, and Hanna Robinson G.B.R. 2:142 
1758 June 5 Burdett, Susannah, and John Low M.B. 41:146 

1696 June30 Burger, Eva, and George Hulgrow G.B.R. 3: 93 

1704 Sep. 9 Burger, Myndert, and Sarah Dese G.B.R. 2: 26 
1698 Sop. 5 Burle, Joshua, and Judith Sexton G.B.R. 3:193 

1752 Dec. 13 Burnet, John, and Anne Smith M.B. 41: 24 
1758 July 13 Burney, Edward, and Ellzabetli Cramshlre M.B. 41:185 
1758 Aug. 4 Burns, Elizabeth, and Charles Merry M.B. 41:202 

1753 Jan. 22 Burns, Margret, and Silas Lawrence M.B. 41 : 46 

1705 Sep. 15 Burroughs, Mary, and Thomas Oakley G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 Dec. 13 Burroughs, Raechall, and William Huggen G.B.R. 2: 26 
1695 Nov. 16 Burroughs, Thomas, and Mary Tayler G.B.R. 3: 93 

1704 Ap. 25 Burroughs, Unis, and Nathaniel Lynes G.B.R. 2: 26 
1753 Jan. 23 Burrows, Jeremiah, and Mary Stringham M.B. 41: 40 

1697 Oct. 18 Burt, Richard, and Margaret Glenn G.B.R. 3:192 
1704 Oct. 4 Burtell, Peter, and Margorett Van Clyff G.B.R. 2: 27 
16l>4 Oct. 11 Burton, Mary Ann, and Hend'k Jansen Vandenbergh 

G.B.R. 3: 92 

1697 Mar. 1 Busch, Cornelia, and Peter Cavaleer G.B.R. 3: 93 



SUPPLBMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 13 

1758 Aug. 24 Bush, Anne, and Isaac Somendyck M.B. 41:229 

1753 Feb. 19 Bussing, Peter, and Susannah Myers M.B. 41: 58 

1756 June 14 Butler, Hannah, and Nathaniel Ooles M.B. 41:143 

1758 Aug. 5 Butler, Mary, and Johannes Vanderheyden M.B. 41:205 

1752-56 Butteler, John, and Rachel Winant CM. 82: 62 

1701 Sep. 15 Buttler, John, and Hanah Saunders G.B.R. 3:194 

1701 Sep. 15 Buttler, John, and Sarah G.B.R. 2:142 

1778 June 13 Caen, Daniel, and Wyntie Pettit M.B. 25:100 

1758 Aug. 16 CagiU, James, see Cargili, James. 

1756 Mar. 1 Cain, Oatherin, and Jeremiah Pundt M.B. 41: 91 

1761 Dec. 23 Caithness, David, and Mary Patten M.B. 5:296 

1765 May 24 Oalhown, George, and Mary Sneeden M.B. 9:139 

1758 Sep. 6 Calyer, Peter, and Margarita De Bevois M.B. 2: 5 
1698 May 4 Campell, Jane, and George Gilbert G.B.R. 3:193 

1759 May 17 Cane, Samuel, and Flora M.B. 2:288 
1728 July 19 Cannon, Ab'm, and CM. 68: 86 

1760 Oct 18 Cannon, Abraham, and Maria Springsteen M.B. 3:371 
1695 Nor. 18 Gannon, Andrew, and Ann Puppyn G.B.R. 3: 93 

1703 Aug. 18 Cantain, Moses, and Mary DeWitt G.B.R. 2: 25 
1753 Aug. 20 Car, Charles, and Sarah Collins M.B. 1: 93 
1758 Aug. 16 Cargili, James, and Ester Earl M.B. 41:214 

1752 Dec. 15 Cargili, John, and Phebe Strilter M.B. 41: 27 

1691 Nor. 22 Carhart, Thomas, and Mary Lord G.B.R. 4: 31 

1700 Ap. 27 Carille (or Uiville), Adam, and Eli5&abeth Gizebert 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1695 May 28 Carly, Mary, and James Spencer G.B.R. 3: 92 

1753 Jan. 11 Carman, Amy, and Joseph Dralie M.B. 41: 42 
1683 Jan. 20 Carman, John, and Elizabeth Ludlom CM. 31: 7 

1761 Aug. 6 Carmick, David, and Elenor Vance M.B. 5: 28 
1694 Dec. 12 Carnaby, Nicholas, and Jane Dawning G.B.R. 3: 92 
1705 Nov. 21 Carolein, Cornelia, and Benjamin Bunting G.B.R. 2: 28 

1701 Aug. 29 Carr, Joanna, and Arthur Willis G.B.R. 2:142 

1704 May 5 Carter, Mary, and Phillip Boolis G.B.R. 2: 26 
1693 Dec. 19 Carter, Zebulon, and Heiltie Sloot G.B.R. 3: 91 
1701 July 23 Cauloy, John, and Agenitie Vande Spegel G.B.R. 3:194 

1701 Dec. 22 Cavaleer, Magdalen, and William Ohisnall G.B.R. 3:1M 
1697 Mar. 1 Cavaleer, Peter, and Cornelia Busch G.B.R. 3:93 
1753 Jan. 10 Cavalier, Alida, and John Parsons M.B. 41: 41 
1761 Feb. 10 Cavanaugh, Sylvester, and Lucy Moore i M.B. 4: 56 
1703 Dec. 3 Cavelir, Adam, and Mary Dalcale G.B.R. 2: 26 
1760 July 3 Cayton, Elizabeth, and Philip Welch M.B. 3:204 

1702 July 29 Cebra, James, and Ann Meyer G.B.R. 3:195 
1758 June 12 Cebra, James, and Catharine Beekman M.B. 41:152 

1692 Ap. 28 Cergoe, Margery, and Edw'd Willake G.B.R. 4: 32 

1696 Mar. 10 Ceysler, Ilestlier, and Barnot Reyners G.B.R. 3: 93 



14 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1705 Dec. 24 Chamberllne. Elizabeth, and John Fleet G.B.R. 2: 28 

1T03 Aug. 12 Chambers, Abraham Qoesbeck, and Sarab Bayard 

O.B.B. 2: 25 

1693 Aug. 17 Chambers, John, and Mary Drummond O.B.R. 2:142 

1702 Dec. 5 Chambers, Mary, and muliard Hnbinson O.B.R. 1: 3 

1703 Oct. 10 Cbamplon, fTiiincls. and John Jusell G.B.B. 2: 25 
ITM AiiB.24 Chapnian, T^Iflrj' and WUHoni Hawhurst M.B. 41:228 
1C05NOV. 27 Chappell, FranclB, jiiiil Ann Fromnnted G.B.R. 3:93 
17W Jan. 8 CljarEpton. Jolau. and Hester nieve G.B.R. 2: 27 
1096 Sep. S Cheeli.EllKshetli, and John Moore G.B.Bi. 3: 93 
1758 Aug. 11 Clilld. OertTuy and Abraham Leggett M.B. 41:209 
IC94 Sep. IS Chllders, Delia, and Johannes Oroenendyke O.B.R. 3: 92 

1701 Dec. 22 Cblsnall, William, and Magdalen Cavaleer O.B.R. 3:194 
1703 Ap. 8 ChiBWfll, Jaiifi. and Augustine Grnliam G.B.B. 1: 13 
1703 June29 Chrtetlense, Tetr r and Belleklo AtlUlna G.B.B. 2: 26 
16S« Oct. at Clare, Kalherlnc, and Jeremy Kittle L.W. 63 

1702 Dec. 16 Clark. Daniel, and Elizabeth McGuIre M.B. 41: 28 

1703 Junc23 Clarke, Eliza, and William OlearosRO O.B.R. 2: 25 

1694 May 10 Clatworthy, John, and Mary Leeson O.B.R. 3: 92 
1753 Feb. 10 Clous. T.oiuiiieluiud, and William Atkinson M.B. 41: 57 
1761 Feb. 14 Cleghorne, Wilit, and DaTid Ramsey M.B. 4: 63 
1753 Jan. 22 Clement, Ii;II?„'il>etb. aiwl JaJnos Farringion M.B. 41; 45 
1G96 July 2 Clement, James, and Sarah Hlnchmnn G.B.R. 3: 93 

1699 Sep. 24 Gierke, Charity, and Tticliard Lawrence G.B.B, 2:142 
1758 Aug. 14 Cllne. William, and Jonnnn Tn-loi-wood M.B. 41:213 
tT04 Jan. 11 Clottworthy, tlanna. and Johannes Johnson O.B.R. 2: 26 
1702 Oct. 26 Clouder, Mnrr nnil llnlpli Thurman G.B.B. 1: 3 
1698 July 18 Clowes, Samuel :uiil KalliriiK: Itouw G.B.B. 3:193 
1694 Jan. Coats, Edward, and Sarah Thomson O.B.R. 3: 91 
lW«i-87Jnn.'.il Cobbltt, Ann, and Samuell Henry L.W. 86 
169C Aug. 28 Cobbltt, l.ydiii, itnd Thnmas Wri;rht O.B.R. 3: 93 
17.'ifi Mny Culihnm. llolicrt, and M,ir>' Gereau M.B. 41:122 
1750 Jan. 27 Cock, .\bmham, and Illlah Minthome H.B.41: 80 

1702 Oct. 20 Cock, Catherine, and ConradusYaiiderbeeck G.B.R. 1: 3 
1701 Oct. 25 Cockling, Thomas, and Deborab Smith O.B.R. 2:142 

1703 Mny 12 Coderese, Bachcll, and Adolpbe De Oroosae O.B.R. 1: 13 
16D5 Ap. 6 Cool, r.ydia, and Peter Manett G.B.R. 3: 92 
I7;;6 June 3 Coen Oven, John, and Jane Brlant M.B. 1: 1 
1703 Aug. Coenraats. Octave, and Mary Tjongfleld G.B.R. 2: 2-'> 
1701 Mny L'2 Coerton. Henry, and Elizabelh He RIemer G.B.R. 3:1!M 
1758 June20 Coest. Andrew, and Margaret Bacebeuse M.B. 41:1(12 
17.''>8 July 7 Coffram. John, and Mary Ball M.B. 41:175 
1705 Mny 19 Colbume, Frances, and Ji.bn Hlggs G.B.R. 2: 27 
1685 Mar. Cole, Abram, and Rebecca Britten G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 Jnno S Cole, Catharine, and John Needbam M.B, 41:148 

1700 Feb. 1 Cole, Rose, and John Townsend G.B.R. 2: 28 



1752-56 
160S July 27 
ICOl Dec. 
1753 Mar. 27 
17W: June 14 

1757 Ap. 4 
16»9 Aug. 31 
1C92 Ap. 17 

1701 Oct. 27 
1705 Sep. 20 

1758 Aug. & 
ltI04 Aug. 9 
1Q&4 Ap. 7 

1702 July 29 
1752 Dec. 16 

1703 Dec. 14 
1C09 May 6 
l(t08 June30 

1700 Jan. 10 
. 175G May 6 

1704 July 20 

1705 Dec. 8 
1T53 Jan. 31 

1752 Dec. 20 
1703 Dec. 6 
1T03 Dec. 6 
175B May 15 
IGOO Aug. 14 
1750 May 15 
1756 June 3 

1706 Jan. 10 

lT52-&fi 

1700 Jan. 19 
1695 June 20 

1703 July 6 

1753 Feb. 5 
1697 Ap. 28 
1699 Aug. 9 

1704 Sep. 21 

1705 Sep. 3 
1758 Sep. 1 
1786 Nov. 17 
16M Dec. 31 
1687 Mar. 30 
1758 July 13 



SDPPLBMBNT TO UARRIAOE LICENSES 15 

Cole, Susannah, and John Marshal O.M. 82: ffi 

Conman, Henry, and Kleauor Hunt G.B.R. 3:103 

Otdemnn, Henry, and Mary Meads O.B.B. 4: 31 

Coleman, ThoinaK, aud EliKutieUi Itoe M.B.41: 15 

Coles, Niiihitiilil«Ti,l Ilnminb Butlw M.B. 41:143 

Collier, Mary, and Jacob Wlltse M.B. 1:486 

Collins, Ellztb, and Adam Ball G.B.R. 2:142 

Collins, James, and Klizulicil^ Ki'unedy G.B.R. 4: 32 

Collins, Jolin. jind Margnnt Verplank G.B.R. 3:194 

Oolscn, Ii.ibcrt, Qud Elizabeth Jonee G.B.R. 2: 28 

Coiiinvny Terence, and Calliarioe Benson M.B. 41:204 

Coolcy, lii'lKir;ili,,ind .Nicholas I'lciillng G.B.R. 3: 02 

Cooper, Ben}., and II<-lcna Wllklns G.B.R. 3: 91 

Cooper, John, and Hannah Frost G.B.R. 3:195 

Cooper, John, and Ruth Wllec M.B. 41: 31 

Corbett, John, and Mary Graham i G.B.R. 2: 26 

Corbltt, John, aud Christian Milton G.B.R. 3:103 
Corcman, Daniel Ptrterse, aud Anna Maria Plevler 

a.B.B. 3:193 

Corbndt, Ann. and Stephen Delancy G.B.R. 3:103 

Cornel, Gilliam, and Margaret Schanck M.B. 41:120 

Corncllae, AlUc, and John r.isicr G.B.R. 2: 26 

Cornollson, John, and Elizabeth Hazareth G.B.R. 2; 28 

Cornell, pjiiiii'l niiiH'h^irily Valentine M.B.41:53 

Cornell, Elizabeth, and Anthony Sarly M.B. 41: 33 

Cornell, Elizabeth, and Nlcbolaa Stlllwell G.B.R. 2: 26 

Cornell, John, and I-etiriii I'riutK G.B.R. 2: 26 

Cornnell, Joseph, and Sarah Heady M.B. 41:128 

Cornwell, George, and Ann Merchant G.B.R. 2:142 

Comwell, Joseph, and Sarah TTe.8rty ' M.B. 41:128 

Oorsen, Ann. and David Klugeland M.B. 41:137 

Corleleau, Jiiquee. and Altic T. Boerman G.B.R. 2: 28 

Corteiyou, Cr-rnclous. and Knr.v Spragg CM. 82: 62 

Cortlandt, Ann, and Stephen Delaucy G.B.R. 3:103 
Cortlaodt, John, aud Aqi:u Ntary van Scbalck G.B.R. 

Corrard. Hugh, and I'litieiiee Throg'niorton G.B.B. 



Cosby, Arthur, and Mary Hagins M.B. 

Cosins. Baxne, and Grace Sanford G.B.R. 

Coulylie, Margt., and Hej.ry Rwt G.B.R. 

CourUe, Hmtie, and t'eter Itoose G.B.R. 

Cowne, Debora, aud RIclid. Siilwell G.B.B. ! 

Cox. AQtie. .niulMletinel Hn.v M.B. 4: 

Coi, Dorothy, and RIchfird Harford L.W. 

Coi, Jacobus, aud Ciittiarlna IHivIOb G.B.R. ; 

Cos, William, and Juda Martins L.W. 

Cramshire, Elizabeth, and Edward Bumey M.B. 41 



3: 02 
2: 26 
41: 56 
3: 93 
2:142 
2: 27 



16 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1756 May 14 Cramshire, Jane, and William Finney M.B. 41:125 

1703 May 16 Crawford, Patriclc, and Katherin Potter G.B.R. 1: 13 

1760 Dec. 10 Creed, Benjamin, and Jane Hewlet M.B. 13:478 

1703 Dec. 24 Creed, Jane, and Thomas Whitehead G.B.R. 2: 26 

1701 June 6 Cregers, Mareya, and Johanes Vreland G.B.R. 3:194 

1702 Aug. 28 Cregler, Elizabeth, and Nicholas Dally G.B.R. 3:195 

1702 Aug. 27 Cregler, Martinus, and Margarett Van Dalsen G.B.R. 3:195 

1704 Mar. 4 Crego, Josias, and Anne Ellsworth G.B.R. 2: 26 
1090 June29 Crego, Richard, and Sarah Stilwell G.B.R. 3: 93 
1752-56 Crips, Richer, and Martha Wolcan CM. 82: 62 

1700 Nov. 25 Croaker, Robert, and Susannah Peterson G.B.R. 3:194 
1756 Jan. 23 Crocheron, Abm. and Eliz. Du Puy M.B. 41: 77 
1758 June 21 Crosfleld, Stephen, and Mary C. Kerbyle M.B. 41:164 

1691 Sep. 7 Crundall, Debomh, and Thomas Lyndall G.B.R. 4: 31 

1703 Mar. 2 Cruyger, John, and Mary Cuyler G.B.R. 1:13 
1005 Ap. 8 CuUom, Peter, and Martha Barrlman G.B.R. 3: 92 

1758 June 10 Cussouw, Jacob, and Pamytje Van Kleef M.B. 41:149 
1703 Mar. 2 Cuyler, Mary, and John Cruyger G.B.R. 1: 13 

1693 Oct. 23 Cuyler, Rachel, and Meyndert Schuyler G.B.R. 2:142 
1756 Ap. 12 Cuyper, Rachel, and Dennis Van Dorson MJB. 41:100 

1759 Nov. 17 Dacon, James, and Mary Dobbs M.B. 2:503 
loyo Aug. 13 Dailie, Peter, and Seijtle Duyckinck G.B.R. 3: 94 

1703 Dec. 3 Dalcale, Mary, and Adam Cavellr G.B.R. 2: 26 

1701 May 24 Dale, Robert, and Elizabeth Turner G.B.R. 3:194 
1750 Jan. 16 Dally, Elizabeth, and John Anthony M.B. 41: 75 

1702 Aug. 28 Dally, Nicholas, and Elizabeth Cregler G.B.R. 3:195 
1758 July 19 Dalton, Margaret, and Edward Kaho M.B. 41:189 

1704 Feb. 27 Daniel, Thomas, and Sarah Godfrey G.B.R. 2: 27 
1702 Dec. 24 Daniell, Robt, and Susanne Nicholas G.B.R. 1: 3 

1705 May 25 Dant, Pierre, and Elizabeth Holt G.B.R. 2: 27 
lh*98 May 25 Darkins, Lydia, and Jacobus RoUoquin G.B.U. 8:193 

1692 Dec. 1 Darvall, Katharina, and Frederick Philips G.B.R. 4: 32 
1702 Oct. 27 Davenport, Thomas, and Magarett Lepenar G.B.R. 1: 3 
1756 Dec. 6 Davenport, William, and Eleanor Kelly M.B. 1:374 

1694 Dec. 31 Davids, Catharina, and Jacobus Cox G.B.R. 3: 92 
1090 July 6 Davies, Engeltie, and Thomas Giles G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 Aug. 14 Davis, George, and Elizabeth Turner M.B. 41:212 

1693 Mar. 25 Davis, Hester, and John Finch G.B.R. 2:142 

1702 Ap. 30 Davis, James, and Elisbeth Santford G.B.R. 3:195 

1703 June27 Davis, Janekie, and Peter Battery G.B.R. 2: 25 
1093 Ap. 14 Davis, Mary, and Michael Greenham G.B.R. 2:142 
1703 Ap. 10 Dav!3, Ruth, and John Shepard G.B.R. 1: 13 
1758 July 22 Davis, Sarah, and Jonas Hlgby M.B. 41:193 
1699 Feb. 25 Davison, William, and Eleanor Goff G.B.R. 3:193 

1694 Ncv. $ Dawning, James, and Sarah Evans G.B.R. 3: 92 



SOrrLEMBNT TO MARRIAGB LICENSES 17 

1684 Dec. 13 Dawning, Jane, and NifAotaa Oamabr G.B.B. 3:92 

1756 June 7 D&wBon, Mary, and MynderC Van Evera M.B. 41:139 

1750 Ap. 23 DawBon, SneanDa, and Ellas Andei-Bon M.B. 41:114 

1706 June 9 DawBon. Thomas, .ui.l M.'tiy Thii\t.?r ' G.B.R. 2:27 

1704 May 30 Dayly, Hannah, nnd Kiinmrdns BiK'iiriliis Q.B.E. 2: 2fl 

17&G Jan. 18 Dean. Alexander, and Elizabeth Lynch M.B. 41: 74 

17ltS Mar. 28 Dean, Daniel, and Charity Odell MB. 41:145 

1758 July 11 Dean, Elizabeth, and John Welch M.B. 41:181 

1698 Oct. 10 Dean, Hannah, and BcnJ. Tliips G.B.R. 2:142 

1700 July 13 Dean, Hannah, and Jnaeph Asplnwalle Q.B.R. 3:194 
1764 June 4 De Bevols, Cbarlee, and Mary Van Honten M.B. 8:24S 
1752-6e Decer [Decker], Ere, and Jeanis Wood CM. 82: 62 
1752-56 Deccr [Decker], Sarah, and John Merrtl G.M.82: 62 
1756 Feb. 3 Decker, Cbarlee, and Maraey Merrn M.B. 41: 85 

1704 JnneSS Deerby, Merttle, and Albert Vnn "VVinUel G.B.R. 2: 26 
ITCS Jan. 5 Dpforccst, ^'^a<■. and Allda Fonda M.B. 41: 39 
1756 June 9 Pc loreeRt, Jacob, and Tryntle Bratt M.B. 41:140 

1705 Jnne23 DeForeest, Joannes, and Tryntfe Garretse Itaveatelii 

G.B.B. 2: 27 

1704 Sep. 20 DeForeest, Sarah, and John Meyer . G.B.R. 2: 27 
1753 Jan. 6 DeforeeBt, SiiRannnh. nnil Isaac Defunda M.B. 41; 38 

1706 Ap. 11 D'Forest, Mary, and Tflnnc D'R>>yiner G.B.R, 2: 28 

1702 Jan. 30 Deforest, Rarah, and JobanesHanae G.B.R. 3:194 
1753 Jan. 5 Defunda, iHaac, and Punnnnah Deforeest M.B. 41: 38 
1766 Feb. 12 De Graw. James, nntl Ann Itnpelje M.B. 41: 87 

1705 Dec. 19 De Gray, Anne, and William Wamer G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 May 12 De Gpoosse, Adolphe. nut! Tlaihell CmlercBc G.B.R. 1: IS 
170) Sep. 14 De Groot, Aegle. and ncriird S<:liy!<T G.B.R. 2: 25 
1703 Feb. 3 De Haeeae, Suwinnnh. iiml Robfrt Hickman G.B.R. 1:13 

1701 Oct, 27 De Haert, Elizabeth, and William Van Newenhujaen 

G.B.R. 2:142 

1697 Oct 9 Dehance, Jan, and Margaret Symonse tTtlinee O.B.R. 3:192 

1703 Jan. 5 Dehart, Balthazer, .and JInrKrItta Maurlta G.B.R. 1: S 

1704 Dec, 4 D'Hart, Catalina, and ,Incobii8T\lp G.B.R. 2:27 
1609 May 19 Dehart, Cathrlne, and .Tofleph Blydenhoi^h G.B.R. 3:193 
1601 Aug. 22 DeHart, Katherlne, and Jamos Larkon G.B.R, 4: 31 
1605 Jsne27 de Hart, Matthew, and Jannette Maiirlti! G.B.R. 3: 92 
1694 Ap. 12 d'Honneur, Johannes, and Johanna Mayoard G.B.R. 3: 91 

1702 May 14 De Key Catherine, and .\bram Wandall G.B.R. 3:195 
1694 May Pekpy, Tncobus. and Sarnli Wlllet G.B.R. 3:92 

1704 Mar. 7 De Kleyn, Leonard Huygen, and Snaannab Vangibton 

G3.R. 2: 26 

1705 Nov. 2 De KTyen, Elizabeth, and Anthony Llspeaard G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 Sep. 15 De la Metze, Ruttle, and Hendrlck Bognert G.B.E. 2: 25 
1700 Jan. 19 Delancy, Stephen, and Ann Cortlaodt Q,B,n. 3:103 

1704 Jan. 2S De Lanoy, Maria, and Christopher Beekman G.B.R. 2: 26 



18 NEW XORK STATE I.tBRAKT 

1606 Feb. 21 DeLanoy, Peter, and Mary Edeall G.B.R. 3: 93 

101)2 Jiine27 De I,a Plalne, Mario, and Jptrn I..e Chavelfer G.B.R, 4: 32 

1B96 Aug. II De Meyer. Mrs Afiiietic, and William Jenoway G.B.R. 3; 03 

1086-87 Jau.20 De Morria. Nkolns, fliid Eleanor WUllamB L.W. 86 

1699 Aug. 18 Denham, liiivid. and Mary Elsle.v G.B.R. 2:142 

1T04 Jan. 14 Denlke, Mary, ami .Tohn Dcnmai-l; G.B.R, 2: 26 

1704 Jan. 14' Denmark, John, and Mary Benike Q.B.B. 2: 28 
n.'ht Jan, 18 Denmark, Mary, and Henry Peckwell MB. 41: 43 
1756 May 1 Dent»n, Martha, and Stephen Herriman M.B. 41:118 
1(»9 Aug. 29 Denton, Phebe, and 111 chanJ Thome G.B.R. 2:142 
1694 Sep. 19 de Peyster, Cornells, and Marin BaJicker G.B.R. 3: 92 
lU99Aug.l8 Depheysler, Cornelia, and j\!esaa(IerSteU!ird G.B.R. 2:142 
1752-5G Depue, Elizabeth, and Comeloue Slmeecn CM. 82: 62 
ITCW June 5 DePuy, Andrew and Ji«if .\rd]iinlniw G.B.R. 2: 26 
1703 Mar. 30 ncravnl Frnncis. and Plfbard Wlllett G.B.R. 1:13 
1703 Dec. 18 Doray lllll.vJpu, and Jafobus Bayard G.B.R. 2: 26 
ITOI! Ap. 11 D'Heymer, Inaac, and Mary D"Forest G.B.R. 2: 28 
1701 May 22 De Rlemor, Elizabeth, and Henry Coerten G.B.B. 3:194 

1705 A p. 27 De Itlcmer, Isaac, and AtincWvortman O.B.R. 2:27 
175U Ap. 30 Jiiromk-, Catliarlup, and Uenjainin Benson M.B. 41:117 

1703 Oct. 18 Desbrosses. Jumes, andHellena Gaudlueau G.B.R. 2; 25 

1704 Sep, 9 Deee, Sarah, and Myiidcrt Burgi?r G.B.R. 2: 26 
17l» Feb. 1 D'VaJ, Charles, and Susanna Boundinot G.B.R. 2:28 
1758 July 29 Devoe, Aron, and Mary Van Vey M.B. 41:195 

1704 Nov. 8 DeVore, Elizabeth, and Andrew Sweroer G.B.R. 2: 27 
1750 Ap. 5 De Vou, Catherine, acd Wm. Van Norlhstrand M.B. 41:105 
1703 Sep. 14 de Vrei?s, All)i"rt. ami EuuiuMie V.id Dycke G.B.R. 2: 25 
1698 May 26 Dewind, Lewln. and ArlacDtie Moil G.B.R. 3:193 
1703 Aug. 18 DeWItt, Mary, and Moses Caalain G.B.R. 2: 25 
1096 Feb. 15 DeWItt, Sarab, and Christopher Hooglaadt G.B.E. 3: 93 
1087 May 31 Dewitt, Sophia, and Huniphrj* Seward L.W, 92 
1703 Jan. 8 DeYou, IClizal)elh, and John Journey G.B.E. 1; 3 
1752 Dec. 30 Dike, Mary, and Tobyas Van Zandt M.B, 41: 36 

1752 Nov. 30 Dillingham, SilTnnne, and AnnTuruer M.B. 41: 2 
1701 Aug. 25 Directs, Fyche, and I'-rnuds Van Dyke . G.B.R. 2:142 
1095 Ap. 10 DIachlngton, Cornelia, and Andrew Law G.B.R, 3:62 
1090 Ang. 18 Dishington, Cornelia, and Alexander Streard G.B.R. 3:193 
169(i Oct. 15 Dodridg, Philip, and Prances Moore G.B.R. 3; 93 
If!yi-02Mar.a31>oiinlilson, John, and Elizabeth Harmon G.B.R. 4: 31 

1753 Jan. 22 Doran. Thonifls. and Sarah Van I^w M.B. 41: 47 
J770 Mar. 10 DorJanrt, Cnrret, jind P.Tnili Smith M.B. 27: 62 
1761 June20 Dorlln, Ellas, inul Du-hMiii Rushmore M.B. 4:240 
1701 Oct. 3 Dorton, William, and Prudence Shelaton G.B.R. 2:142 

1705 Ap. II Doughty, Hannah, and Samuel Thorn, Junr. G.B.R, 2: 27 
17S0 May 20 Douglass, Margaret, and Thomas Fullard M.B. 41:130 
1698 July 18 Douw, Katbrlne, and Samnel Clowes O.B.B. 3:193 



SUPPLBMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 19 

1697 Sep. 23 Dow, Hendryck, and Neeltie Meynderts G.B.R. 3:192 
1096 Nov. 11 Downing, Jane, and Edward Lambert G.B.R. 3: 93 
1753 Jan. 11 Drake, Joseph, and Amy Carman M.B. 41 : 42 
1704 Mar. 29 Drakes, Sarah, and Arthur Willis G.B.R. 2: 26 
1099 Ap. 17 Drincall, Thomas, and Ann Watson G.B.R. 3:193 
1093 Aug. 17 Drummond, Mary, and John Chambers G.B.R. 2:142 
1099 Mar. 14 Duboies, Anne, and Peter Chevalier Dupln G.B.R. 3:193 
1096 Aug. 28 Dubois, Louis, and Hester Grasset G.B.R. 3: 93 
1756 Jan. 28 Du Bois, Mary, and John Bogardus M.B. 41: 81 

1703 July 6 Dubois, Mary, and John I^fon G.B.R. 2: 25 
1099 July Du Boy, Anna, and Benjn Funeile G.B.R. 2:142 
1087 Sep. 17 Dudly, Marjary, and Ebenezer Willson L.W. 101 
1758 Aug. 5 Duncan, Anne, and Peter Berton M.B. 41 :206 
1758 Aug. 22 Duncan, Frances, and George Duncan Ludlow M.B. 41:226 
1756 Mar. 22 Dunkel, Jan. Lodewick, and Sarah Van der Voort 

M.B. 41: 98 

1696 July 8 Dunscomb, Daniel, and Helena Swann G.B.R. 3: 93 

1753 Jan. 22 Dunton, Ebenezer, and Dorothy Field M.B. 41: 48 

1099 Mar. 14 Dupin, Peiter Chevalier, and Anne Duboies G.B.R. 3:193 

1764 Jan. 27 Dupuy, Aron, and Martha Tysen M.B. 8: 41 

1756 Jan. 23 Du Puy, Elizabeth, and Abraham Crocheron M.B. 41: 77 

1698 Nov. 10 Durend, John, and Elizabeth Bryan G.B.R. 3:193 

1752 Nov. 30 Duryee, Jacob, and Cornelia Schenck M.B. 41 : 3 

1704 Feb. 10 Dushen, Valentine, and Mary StUlwell G.B.R. 2: 26 

1703 June 18 Du Tay, Mary, and William Thibowe G.B.R. 2: 25 
1758 Aug. 22 Dutcher, Elizabeth, and John Polhemus M.B. 41:224 
1696 Aug. 13 Duyekinck, Seijtie, and Peter Daille G.B.R. 3: 94 

1704 Jan. 25 Duyckink, Evert, and Elsie Myer G.B.R. 2: 26 
1756 Ap. 20 Duyckman, Rebecca, and Abraham Hooper M.B. 41:110 
1702 Dec. 12 Dyckhuyse, Swantie, and Arent Schuyler G.B.R. 1: 3 

1695 Sep. 16 Dykeman, Mary, and James Hewett G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 June21 Eagles, Esther, and Francis Baird M.B. 41:165 
1758 Aug. 16 Earl, Ester, and James Cargill M.B. 41:214 
1702 Ap. 30 Eaton, John, and Elizabeth Michell G.B.R. 3:195 

1696 Feb. 21 Edsall, Mary, and Peter De Lanoy G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 Aug. 19 Edwards, Frances, and William Fielding M.B. 41:220 

1698 Jan. 13 Edwards, Robert, and Judith Mosston G.B.R. 3:193 
1701 Mar. 26 Ekles, James, and Rebecca Lynus G.B.R. 3:194 

1753 Mar. 12 Eldert, Rachel, and Thomas Van Wyck M.B. 41: 65 
1701 Feb. 24 Elliott, Robert, and Frances Boyle G.B.R. 3:194 
1758 Aug. 21 Ellis, Elizabeth, and Thomas McBrlde M.B. 41:222 
1704 Oct. 9 EUson, Hannah, and John Ogleby G.B.R. 2: 27 
1704 Mar. 4 Ellsworth, Anne, and Josias Crego G.B.R. 2: 26 
1696 June 3 Ellsworth, Johannes, and Anna Peters G.B.R. 3: 93 

1699 Aug. 18 Elsley, Mary, and David Denham G.B.R. 2:142 



20 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1708 Sep. 2 Elswortb, Sarah, and Coirnelius Klerated G.B.R. 2: 2 

1695 May 10 Elum, Ann, and Simon Y<yang G.B.R. 3: 02 

1702 Aug. 17 Emmons, Abram, and Margarett Williamson G.B.R. 3:195 
1758 July 15 Emotts, Annatje, and Edward Kelly M.B. 41:187 

1693 Feb. 20 English, Mary, and Michael Bourthier G.B.R. 2:142 

1694 Sep. 10 Evans, John, and Catherine Macgregere G.B.R. 3: 92 
1694 Nov. 6 Evans, Sarah, and James Dawning G.B.R. 3: 92 
1701 Aug. 7 Evans, Thomas, and Jane Tlmmer G.B.R. 3:194 

1698 July 11 Everinden, Robert, and Ann Smith G.B.R. 3:193 

1703 May 4 Evetts, Anne, and Richard Hall G.B.R. 1:13 
1697 Dec. 13 Evorste, Capt. Nicholas, and Margaret Van Baal 

G.B.R. 3:192 

1704 Mar. 2 Farmer, Elizabeth, and John Marltman G.B.R. 2: 26 
1753 Jan. 22 Farrington, James, and Eli2&abeth Clement M.B. 41: 45 
1737 May 16 Fenyck, Richard, and Mary Romer M.B. 1: 6 
1697 Dec. 20 fferguson, Batthia, and Josiah Hunt, Jun. G.B.R. 3:102 

1692 Nov. 9 Ferguson, Mary, and Thomas Lawrence G.B.R. 4: 32 
1756 May 14 Ferris, Joshua, and Hannah Bound M.B. 41:126 
1687 May 4 ffarfars, Jean, and Margurita L.W. 96 

1696 July 23 ffield, Sarah, and Jonathan Whitehead G.B.R. 3: 94 
1687 May 16 fflintsburgh, John, and Margarett Rodofifsen KW. 92 
1694 Mar. 31 ffloyd, Jannettie, and Gilbert Marriner G.B.R. 3: 91 
1753 Jan. 22 Field, Dorothy, and Ebeuezer Dunton M.B. 41: 48 

1705 July 19 Field, Elizabeth, and David Walcraf G.B.R. 2: 27 

1694 Aug. 9 Fielding, Nicholas, and Deborah Oooley G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 Aug. 19 Fielding, William, and Frances Edwards M.B. 41:220 

1693 Mar. 25 Finch, John, and Hester Davis G.B.R. 2:142 
170i May 10 Pine, Frederick, and Joan Vincent G.B.R. 2: 26 
1700 July 20 Fine, Susanna, and Tho. Wycl angham G.B.R. 3:194 

1695 Sep. 12 Finlconie, William, and Patrene Betterworth G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 June 30 Flnley, Robert, and Sarah Montanie M.B. 41:171 
1692 Ap. 22 Finlison, John, and Mary Lookingglasse G.B.R. 4: 32 

1704 July 20 Finn, Altie, and Thomas Strateham G.B.R. 2: 26 
1756 May 14 Finney, William, and Jane Cramshire M.B. 41:125 

1695 June 1 Fisher, John, and Barbary Morton G.B.R. 3: 92 

1696 Aug. 1 Fisher, William, and Ann Barsley G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 June 10 Fltzcharles, Wyntle, and Lucas Schermerhorn M.B. 41:150 

1705 May 7 Flant, Mercy, and Paul Gettes G.B.R. 2: 27 
1705 Dec. 24 Fleet, John, and Elizabeth Chamberline G.B.R. 2: 28 
1705 May 23 Fleet, Sarah, and John Freebody G.B.R. 2: 27 
1705 Nov. 14 Flimming, James, and Allinar Baylie G.B.R. 2: 28 

1704 June 23 FoUeman, Neltie, and Stephen Teneve G.B.R. 2: 26 
1753 Jan. 5 Fonda, Allda, and Isaac Deforeest M.B. 41: 39 

1705 Nov. 16 Ford, William, and Margaret Hiatt G.B.R. 2: 28 

1699 July 5 Forlisson, John, and Anne Mool G.B.R. 3:193 
1758 June 15 Fort, Abraham, and Eva Benneway M.B. 41:158 



SSPriiBUENT TO MARRIAGE: LICENSES 

1704 Jul; 20 TostDr, JobD, and AlUc Oornellse 
1752-56 ' Fouoten, AntlDy. Hint liatnuili Garrison 

1755 Aug. 18 Founten, Sarali, and Daniel McSwain 

1756 Jan. 7 Foy, John, aud Mary Van Pelt 
ltiS4 Aufi. a Francis. WllHam, and Jaoacay Arena 
1750 May 14 Frederick, Elsie, and Boudawyn Le Conte 
1702 Ap. 25 FredrlckB, Isaac, and Hester Van Fleekt 
1C93 Ap. 28 Fredrlcksen. Kattirlne. and John Wlcken 

1705 May 23 Freebody, John, and Sarah Fleet 
1705 Ang. 20 Freeman, Bemardus. and Margrfeta V. S<Hiayck 

]704 June 8 French, John, and Katberlne Benaon 

1694 Oct. 21 French, John, and Mary White 

1685 Nov. 27 FromuDtpd Ann. and Francis Cliaiipell 

1702 July 29 Frost. Ilaiiunit, jind John Cooper 
ie&2 Sep, 12 FroBt, Mary, and John nendrlckson 
1756 May 20 Fullard. Thomas, and Margaret Douglass 
1690 July Funetle, Benjn, and Anna Dn Boy 
1781 Dee. 18 Furman, Polly, and Robert Parsell 

1756 May 10 Oal«, John Junr, and Ann Jones 

1602 Nov. Ifl Gallais, Mary, and Stephen Vallou 

1703 Ap, 17 Gnlimton, Aotip, and Thomas Allison 
1753 Jan. 2 Gano, John, and Mary McBride 
1773 Aug. 26 Gant, Peter, and Mary Pantlne 
17(^ Sep. 3 Gardener, John, and Elizabeth (last name Illegible) 

1753 Mar. 26 Gardiner, Bachael, and Jacob Van Woort 

1703 Nov. 5 Gairean, Jean, and Marie Andere 

1704 Ap. 10 Garretson, Ryert, and Gerthryt Lemsen 
1752-56 Garrison. CrlBtlfer. and Pbebe Vanderbllt 
1752-56 Garrison, Hannah, and Antlny Founten 
1703 Oct. 18 Gnuiilnfau, llolI'Mia. iind James PeshrossPH 
1G85 June28 Oaiilllfr .loiinnn, and Jolm Blancliard 
1758 Aug. 12 Geraud. Mary, and John Martin 
1756 May 6 Gerean, Mary, and Robert Cobliam 

1603 Oct. IS Gerllse, F.lizth. nnilJobn Anthony 
1701 Oct. 12 Gerrete, Ni.-lljH. and Rnront Staats 
1693 June20 Gerrltse, Hannab, and John Peterson 

1705 May 7 Gettes, Paul, and Mercy Flant 
1701 Jan. 7 Gcttlke. ConraduB, and Anna Van Apa 
1696 Ap. 13 Gibb. Andrew, and Mrs Hannah SmKb 
I77fl Not. 30 Olffing, William, and Mary Hutton 
1698 May 4 Gilbert. George, and Jane Campell 
1703 Oct. 27 Gilbert. John, and C'-rnt'lin Atliaon 
1696 July 6 Giles, Thdtnas, and Engeltle Davles 



G.B.R, 


2: 26 


, CM. 


82: 62 


MB. 


41:217 


M.B. 


41: 71 


CM. 


34: 28 


M.B. 


41:127 


G.B.R. 


3:195 


G.B.R. 


2:142 


G.B.R. 


2: 27 


yck 
G.B.R. 


2: 28 


G.B.B. 


2: 26 


G.B.R. 


3: 82 


G.B.B. 


3: 93 


O.B.R. 


3:196 


G.B.R. 


4: 32 


M.B. 41:130 


G3.B. 


2:142 


M.B. 34: 93 


M.B. 


41:123 


G.B.R. 


2:141 


O.B.R. 


1: 13 


M.B.41: 37 


MB. 


21: 86 


glble) 
G.B.R. 


2: 28 


M.B. 


41: 13 


G.B.R, 


2: 25 


G.B.R. 


2: 26 


CM. 82: 62 


CM. 


82: 62 


G.B.B. 


2: 25 


Q.B.R. 


3:92 


M.B. 


41:211 


M.B. 


41:122 


G3.R, 


2:142 


G.B.R. 


2:142 


G.B.R. 


2:142 


G.B.R. 


2: 27 


G.B.R. 


2: 20 


G.B.R. 


3: 93 


M.B. 


28:153 


O.B.R. 


3:193 


O.B.R. 


2: K 


O.B.B. 


3: 93 



22 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1758 July 8 Gillam, Phebe, and William Peek M.B. 41:176 

1700 Ap. 27 Gindett, John, and Mary Vincent G.B.R. 3:194 

1700 Ap. 27 Glzebert, Elizabeth, and Adam Carllle (or Laville) 

G.B.R. 8:194 

1699 Aug. 15 Gleave, Richaird, and Han Philip G.B.R. 2:142 

1705 Sep. 1 Glen, Anne, and Richd. Hunt G.B.R. 2: 28 

1697 Oct. 18 Glenn, Margaret, and Richard Burt G.B.R. 3:192 
1703 June23 GlenroBse, William, and Elisia Clarke G.B.R. 2: 25 
1705 Jan. 8 Gleve, Hester, and John Charleton G.B.R. 2: 27 

1698 Dec. 12 Glover, Mary, and Jeremiah King G.B.R, 3:193 

1699 Mar. 14 Godfrey, Elizabeth, and James Bolen G.B.R. 3:193 
1705 Feb. 27 Godfrey, Sarah, and Thomas Daniel G.B.R. 2: 27 
1753 Mar. 27 Goes, Isaac, and Catherina Van Duersen M.B. 41: 14 
1764 Nov. 22 Goes, Lourls, and Catharine Hoffman M.B. 8:418 
1699 Feb. 25 Goff, Eleanor, and William Davison G.B.R. 3:193 
1694 Oct. 23 Gore, Dorothy, and Richard Yaresly G.RR. 3: 92 

1701 Ap. 1 Gorne, John, and Mary Harris G.B.R. 3:194 

1703 Nov. 18 Goficott, Zachariah, and Margrett Bend G.B.R. 2: 25 

1704 June22 Gouverneur, Isaac, and Sarah Staats G.B.R. 2: 26 
1699 May 16 Govemeur, Abraham, and Mary Milborne G.B.R. 3:193 
1703 Ap. 8 Graham, Augustine, and Jane Ohiswell G.B.R. 1: 13 
1691 Nov. 3 Graham, Isabella, and Lewis Morris G.B.R. 4: 31 
1684 July 18 Graliam,- James, and Elizabeth Windebank CM. 34: 28 

1703 Dec. 14 Graham, Mary, and John Corbett <G.B.B. 2: 26 

1701 Aug. 16 Graham, Mrs Sarah, and Robert Hooper G.B.R. 2:142 

1704 Nov. 1 Grant, William, and Rachell Hardenbrook G.B.R. 2: 27 

1696 Aug. 28 Grasset, Hesther, and Louis Dubois G.B.R. 3: 93 

1697 Sep. 24 Graves, Deliverance, and Walter Taylor G.B.R. 3:192 
1697 Oct. 29 Green, Elizabeth, and Peter Kin:j: G.B.R. 3:192 

1758 Aug. 21 Green, Richard, and Catherine Bradt M.B. 41:221 
1704 Nov. 13 Greenfeild, Richard, and Mary Williams G.B.R. 2: 27 

1693 Ap. 14 Greenham, Michael, and Mary Davis G.B.R. 2:142 

1694 Dec. 13 Greg, Robert, and I^ena Mourits G.B.R. 3: 92 

1759 Sep. 25 Grehams, John, and Esther Young M.B. 2:430 

1702 Nov. 20 Grice, John, and Deborah Hadlock G.B.R. 1: 3 
1756 Ap. 23 Griffin, Rebecca, and Edward Stevenson M.B. 41:113 
1694 Sep. 18 Groenendyke, Johannes, and Delia Childers G.B.R. 3: 92 

1752 Dec. 1 Groesbeck, David, Junr., and Catharin Vader M.B. 41: 6 
1693 Feb. 8 Groves, Andrew, and Jane Boyle G.B.R. 2:142 
1752-56 Grudine, Peter, and Ebel Smith CM. 82: 62 

1703 Oct. 10 Gunter, Mary, and Thomas Ralph G.B.R. 2: 26 

1704 Jan. 20 Gunthorpe, Jane, and Thomas Hughes G.B.R. 2: 26 

1761 Jan. 24 Habbot, John, and Mary McDougall M.B. 4: 28 

1705 June30 Hading, Johanne, and Bernanliifj Smith G.B.R. 2: 27 

1753 Jan. HI Hadlej, Martha, and Samuel Merry in an M.B. 41: 50 



SUPPLEMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 23 

1702 Nov. 20 Hadlock, Deborah, and John Grlce G.B.R. 1: 3 
1770 Oct. 18 Hagerman, Thomas, and Massey Homan M.B. 16:221 
1765 Oct. 31 Hages, Mary, and William Costelow M.B. 9:343 
1753 Feb. 5 Hagins, Mary, and Arthur Ck)sby M.B. 41: 66 
1753 Mar. 20 Haight, Mary, and John Wilson M.B. 41: 11 
1756 Ap. 7 Halt, Benjamin, and Ann Smith M.B. 41:106 
1752 Dec. 6 Hall, Joseph, and Hannah Beadle M.B. 41: 10 

1703 May 4 Hall, Richard, and Anne Evetts G.B.R. 1: 13 
1756 June 4 Hall, Robert, and Catharine Vredenburgh M.B. 41:138 
1758 June 13 Hall, Sarah, and Wm. Wallace M.B. 41:155 

1704 Oct. 14 Hallett, Hannah, and John Washbume G.B.R. 2: 27 
1703 Feb. 24 Hamill, John, and Christine Rosevelt G.B.R. 1: 13 
1758 Aug. 29 Hamilton, Charles, and Catherine Stlllwell M.B. 41:231 

1756 Jan. 26 Hamilton, Mary, and James McGrath M.B. 41: 79 
1692 Ap. 20 Hancock, Anna, and Thomas Shaw G.B.R. 4: 32 
1698 Dec. 8 Hancock, John, and Jane Wells G.B.R. 3:193 
1758 Aug. 9 Hancock, William, and Hannah Sise M.B. 41:208 

1697 Ap. 5 Hanmer, Sarah, and Gabriel Ludlow QJB.R. 3: 93 

1703 Sep. 6 Hansant, Ekay, and Charles Beekman G.B.R. 2: 25 

1702 Jan. 30 Hanse, Johanes, and Sarah Deforest G.B.R. 3:194 
1760 Oct. 20 Harbert, Richard, and Cornelia Hart M.B. 3:374 
1696 July 10 Hardenbergh, Johannes, and Helenah Meyer G.B.R. 3: 93 
161)9 Sep. 12 Hardenbergh, Johannus, and Cathrine Ruthse G.B.R. 3:193 

1694 June 4 Hardenbergh, Mary, and William Pead G.B.R. 3: 92 

1705 Aug. 20 Hardenbroeck, Catherina, and Josiah Ogden G.B.R. 2: 28 

1704 Oct 27 Hardenbrook, Cornelia, and John Waldron G.B.R. 2: 27 
1692 May 7 Hardenbrook, Mary, and David Jamiaon G.B.R. 4: 32 

1704 Nov. 1 Hardenbrook, Rachell, and William Grant G.B.R. 2: 27 
1701 Feb. 21 Hardenburgh, Nulie, and Jacob Tenyck G.B.R. 3:194 
1701 June 21 Hardenbrugh, Peter, and Katherine VanderpoUe 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1786 Nov. 17 Harford, Richard, and Doi-othy Cox L.W. 72 

1703 Oct. 30 Harley, Hannah, and Caleb Beck G.B.R. 2: 25 

1700 Feb. 14 Harmensen, Hans, and Mary Van Dyke G.B.R. 3:194 
1691 Mar. 23 Harmon, Elizabeth, and John Donaldson G.B.R. 4: 31 
1762 June28 Han)s, Henry, and Hannah Pegrem M.B. 6:211 

1705 Dec. 8 Harrington, Thomas, and Heila Jk>hnson G.B.R. 2: 28 
1775 July 19 Harriot, Israel, and Catherine Wool M.B. 23:100 

1701 Ap. 1 Harris, Mary, and John Gome G.B.R. 3:194 

1702 Dec. 12 Harris, Richard, and Mary Baker G.B.R. 1: 3 

1698 Oct. 30 Ilarrod, Richard, and Mary Jones G.B.R. 3:193 

1757 Nov. 28 Harsin, Garret, and Sarah Kip M.B. 1:715 

1758 Sep. 1 Hart, Catharine, and Christopher Johnson M.B. 41:240 

1695 Aug. 19 Har^'ood, George, and Willemke G.B.R. 3: 92 

1758 Aug. 24 Hawhurst, William, and Mary Chapman M.B. 41:228 

1758 Sep. 1 Hay, Michael, and Anne Cox M.B. 41:237 



24 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1705 May 15 Hays, Sarah, and Francis Warhe G.B.R. 2; 27 

1761 Nov. 30 Hayt, Moses, and Charity Soper M.B. 5:257 

1705 Dec. 8 Hazareth, Elizabeth, and John Oornelison G.B.R. 2: 28 

1756 May 15 Heady, Sarah, and Joseph Gomwell (or Oornnell) M.B. 41:128 

1753 Mar. 15 Heaviland, Phoebe, and John Williams M.B. 41: 66 

1702 Nov. 27 Heerman, John, and Sarah Shrleve G.B.R. 1: 3 
1761 May 26 Heermans, Henry, and Ann Stoutenbergh M.B. 4:207 
1696 Jan. 19 Hendricke, Perkie, and Peter Billian G.B.R. 3: 93 

1703 Feb. 27 Hendricks, Angell, and Lubert Jansen Blerkome 

G.B.R. 1: 13 

1695 June 4 Hendricksen, Volckert, and Elizabeth Paulus G.B.R. 3: 92 
1692 Sep. 12 Hendrickson, John, and Mary Fro»t G.B.R. 4: 32 
1782 Feb. 2 Henly, John, and Elizabeth Allen M.B. 35: 42 
169i4 Jan. 1 Henry, Ann, and Joseph Wright G.B.R. 3: 91 

1696 Feb. 17 Henry, Elizth, and David Vyland G.B.R. 3: 93 
1686-87 Jan.21 Henry, Samuell, and Ann Cobbitt L.W. 86 
1756 May 1 Herriman, Stephen, and Martha Denton M.B. 41:118 

1703 July 21 Heus, Thomas, and Sarah Ix)yd G.B.R, 2: 25 

1695 Sep. 16 Hewett, James, and Mary Dykeman G.B.R. 3: 92 

1760 Jan. 22 Heyer, Mathlas, and Maria Shefer M.B. 3: 2 

1704 Ap. 19 Heymer, John, and Dorothy Leigh G.B.R. 2: 26 

1705 Nov. 16 Hiatt, Margaret, and William Ford G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 Feb. 3 Hickman, Robert, and Susannah De Haeese G.B.R. 1: 13 
1758 Aug. 18 Higbie, Mary, and Michael Murphy M.B. 41:219 
1758 July 22 Higby, Jonas, and Sarah Davis M.B. 41:1»3 
1780 Dec. 9 Hillery, Regnal, and Mary Boice M.B. 30:146 

1696 July 2 Hinchman, Sarah, and James Glemenrt G.B.R. 3: 93 

1695 Aug. 24 Hinchman, Sarah, and Thomas Wlllet G.B.R. 3: 92 

1761 July 30 Hinton, Phebe, and Thomas Seaman M.B. 5: 17 

1704 Ap. 26 Hoar, Anthony, and John [Joanl Huyco G.B.R. 2: 26 
1758 July 10 Hoese, Jannetje, and Harman Pruyn M.B. 41:180 
1702 Nov. 17 Ilolloway, William, and Elizabeth Holyday G.B.R. 1: 3 
1758 June29 Holmes, Ann, and Edward Prine M.B. 41:170 

1704 Oct. 16 Holmes, Anne, and Peter Peroyne G.B.R. 2: 27 
161)6 Aug. 28 Holmes, Katherine, and George Revedly G.B.R. 3: 93 
1(;94 Ap. 20 Hoist, Hannah, and Richard Pateshal G.B.R. 3: 91 

1705 Nov. 5 Holsworth, Mary, and Tliomas Huttall G.B.R. 2: 28 

1705 May 25 Holt, Elizabeth, and Pierre Dant G.B.R. 2: 27 
1702 Nov. 17 Ilolyday, Elizabeth, and William Holloway G.B.R. 1: 3 
1694 Oct. 6 Honan, Daniel, and Sarah Jones G.B.R. 3: 92 
1688 Feb. 7 Honey, Ann, and Samuel Lipis G.B.R. 3:193 

1696 June 2 Hood, Jaspar, and Kathrine Anderson G.B.R. 3: 93 

1706 Jan. 16 Hooghind, Johannes, and Jannltie Tier G.B.R. 2: 28 
1696 Feb. 15 Hooglandt, Christopher, and Sarah DeWitt G.B.R. 3: 93 
1753 Mar. 29 Hooiwey, Peter Junr., and Mary Young M.B. 41: 16 
1756 Ap. 20 Hooper, Abraham, and Rebecca Duyckman M.B. 41:110 



SUPPLEMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 23 

1701 Aug. 16 Hooper, Robert, and Mrs Sarah Graham G.B.R. 2:142 

1696 Nov. 10 Hoorne, Ann, and William Pruden G.B.R. 3: 93 

1693 June 7 Hope, John, and Isabel Allin G.B.R. 2:142 

1698 July 5 Hopper, John, and Margaret Tlndell G.B.R. 3:193 

1758 Aug. 4 Hopper, John, and Sophia Read M.B. 41:201 

1758 Aug. 26 Horrenbrook, Mary, and David Morrishor M.B. 41:230 

1758 June 10 Uowlen, Oliver, and Elenor Welch M.B. 41:151 

1695 Dec. 24 Huestis, Abigail, and Josiah Hunt, Jr., G.B.R. 3: 93 
1762 June28 Huff, Wyntje, and Abraham Crouk M.B. 6:207 

1703 Dec. 13 Huggen, William, and Raeehall Burroughs G.B.R. 2: 26 

1704 Jan. 20 Hughes, Thomas, and Jane Gunthorpe G.B.R. 2: 26 
1709 May 2 Ilulgrave, Eve, and John Sunsorke G.B.R. 1: 13 

1696 JuneSO Hulgrow, George, and Eva Burger G.B.R. 3: 93 
IGIK) June 12 Hulin, ffrancis, and Susanna Nicholas G.B.R. 3: 93 

1696 July Hull, Hannah, arid William Barton G.B.R. 3: 93 
1703 Oct. 20 Hunderbeek, Abraham, and Martha Woodett G.B.R. 2: 25 
1703 Nov. 22 Hunirk, Aleda, aild Charles Smith G.B.R. 2: 25 
1698 July 27 Hunt, Eleanor, and Henry Coleman G.B.R. 3:193 
1095 Dec. 24 Hunt, Josiah, Jr., and Abigail Huestis G.B.R. 3: 93 

1697 Dec. 20 Hunt, Josiah, Jun., and Batthia fferguson G.B.R. 3:192 
1683 Nov. 22 Hunt, Marj', and Matthew Pugsley G.R. 6: 73 

1705 Sep. 1 Hunt, Richd, and Anne Glen G.B.R. 2: 28 
1703 Nov. 3 Huntrick, Matthew Leana, and Abraham Lanselng 

G.B.R. 2: 25 

1758 JuneSO Hutchinson, Judah, and James Alexander M.B. 41:173 

1697 Oct. 29 Hutson, Hannah, and Israel W^ard G.B.R. 3:192 

1705 Nov. 5 Huttall, Thomas, and Maiy Holsworth G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 Dec. 9 Huttkins, John, and Elizabeth Buckley G.B.R. 2: 26 

1695 Oct. 28 Hutton, John, and Katrine StrangnJsh G.B.R. 3: 92 

1703 Aug. 26 Iluyblingh, Coenradt, and Deborah Beeck G.B.R. 2: 25 

1704 Ap. 26 Huyco, John [Joan], and Anthony Hoar G.B.R. 2: 26 
1758 Aug. 12 Hyatt, Mary, and Joseph Tomkins M.B. 41:210 
1703 Ap. 12 Ilyndes, Christine, and John Allison G.B.R. 1: 13 

1758 July 20 Innes, Elizabeth, and John Wingfield M.B. 41:190 

1756 Jan. 3 Inslaer, Lodowick, and Lenah Boghart M.B. 41: 69 

1756 Feb. 2 Jackson, John, and Charity Tredwell M.B. 41: 84 

1695 Nov. 6 Jacobs, Anna, and Thomas Lynch G.B.R. 3: 92 

1695 July 24 Jacobs, Jannetie, and Caspar Springsten G.B.R. 3: 92 

1705 Ap. 10 Jacobs, Neiltie, and Evert Van Hook G.B.R. 2: 27 
1756 Feb. 27 Jacocks, Francis, and Mary Willsey M.B. 41: 90 

1696 Aug. 31 Jaman, Henry, and Jane Barber G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 June 14 James, Elizabeth, and Charles Moore M.B. 41:156 
1692 May 7 Jamison, David, and Mary Hardenbrook G.B.R. 4: 32 
1705 Mar. 20 Jamison, James, and Beetle Upton G.B.R. 2: 27 
1703 Jan. 16 Jamisson, David, and Johanna Meech G.B.R. 1: 3 



26 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY ' 

1780 Oct. 30 Janes, Mary, and Henry Hallock M.B. 30: 85 

1704 Sep. 16 Jansen, Gornelise, and Margerett Van Noostrandt 

G.B.R. 2: 26 

17(M July 29 Jansen, Hendrick. and Mary Brown G.B.R. 2: 2<5 

1705 June 20 Jarrett, Allane, and Hannah Moore G.B.R. 2: 27 
1G07 Oct. 27 Jay, Augustus, and Ann Mary Bayard G.B.R. 3:192 
1606 Aug. 11 Jenoway, William, and Mrs AgnetleDe Meyer G.B.K. 3: 93 
1G88 Ap. 17 Jewell, George, and Susanna Pangburne L.W. 105 
1769 Dec. 13 Johnsline, John, and Ann Gibson M.B. 15:122 
1752 Dec. 14 Johnson, Archibald, and Jane Withers M.B. 41: 26 
1758 Sep. 1 Johnson, Christopher, and Oatharlne Hart M.B. 41:240 
1698 July 4 Johnson, Ck>rnelia, and Thomas Allison G.B.R. 3:193 
1705 Dec. 8 Johnson, Heila, and Thomas Haarington G.B.R. 2:28 

1704 Jan. 11 Johnson, Johannes, and Hanna Clottworthy G.B.R. 2: 26 
1703 Sep. 3 Johnson, John, and Hannafan Swanenburgh G.B.R. 2: 25 
1758 June 13 Johnson, Maria, and Isaac Slover M.B. 41:154 
1756 May 10 Jones, Ann, and John Gale M.B. 41:123 
1778 July 20 Jones, Ann Springall, and Henry Davles M.B. 25:135 
1758 July 28 Jones, Daniel, and Ann Robineon M.B. 41:194 

1705 Sep. 29 Jones, Elizabeth, and Robert Oolsen G.B.R. 2: 28 
1698 Oct. 30 Jones, Mary, and Richard Harrod G.B.R. 3:193 
1694 Oct. 6 Jones, Sarah, and Daniel Honan G.B.R. 3: 92 
1752-56 Jonge, Eve, and Thomas Merril CM. 82: 62 
1752-56 Jonge, Mary, and John Vanpelt O.M. 82: 62 
l(;9l Oct. 20 Jordanie, Henry, and Elizabeth Woodrofe G.B.R. 4: 31 
1703 Jan. 8 Journey, John, and Elizabeth DeYou G.B.R. 1: 3 
1703 Oct. 10 Jusell, John, and ffrancis Champion G.B.R. 2: 25 

1758 July 19 Kaho, Edward, and Margaret Dalton M.B. 41:189 

1758 July 15 Kelly, Edward, and Annatje Bmotts M.B. 41:187 

1703 July 12 Kelly, John, and Margaret ffrench Boron G.B.R. 2: 25 
1693 Ap. 10 Kemble, Henry, and Catharine Baker G.B.R. 2:142 
1092 Ap. 17 Kennedy, Elizabeth, and James Collins G.B.R. 4: 32 
1758 June21 Kerbyle, Mary C, ^nd Stephen Crosfield M.B. 41:164 

1704 Jan. 18 Kerfbyl, John, and Margaret Provoste G.B.R. 2: 26 
1771 Oct. 30 Keteltas, Garret, and Charity Nicoll M.B. 17:233 

1692 Dec. 16 Kettelta^s, Abraham, and Antie Boelen G.B.R. 2:141 

1706 Ap. 8 Kettletas, Margaret, and Paul Mourice G.B.R. 2: 28 
1703 Nov. 4 Kidd. Sarah, and Christopher Konsly G.B.R. 2: 25 
1691 May 16 Kidd, Capt. William, and Sarah Oort G.B.R. 4: 31 

1693 Sep. 27 Kierstead, Ariaentie, and Dirck Adolph G.B.R. 2:142 
1703 June 11 Kiersteade, Jacobus, and Eliza Lawrene G.B.R. 2: 25 
1703 Sep. 2 Kiersted, Cornelius, and Sarah Elsworth G.B.R. 2: 25 
1098 Dec. 12 King, Jeremiah, and Mary Glover G.B.R. 3:193 
1756 May 22 King, Mary, and John Sulevane M.B. 41:133 
1697 Oct. 29 King, Peter, and Elizabeth Green G.B.R. 3:192 



SUPPLBMBNT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 27 

1756 June 3 Kingsland, David, and Ann Corsen M.B. 41:137 

1703 Nov. 8 Kingsland, Edmund, and Mary Pinnhorne G.B.R. 2: 25 

1701 May 9 Kingston, John, and Dorothy Sandige G.B.R. 3:194 
1697 Jan. 26 Kip, Abraham, and Kathalina Van AHecq G.B.R. 3: 93 
1696 June 8 Kip, Henricus, and Magdalen van Vlecque G.B.R. 3: 94 

1704 Dec. 4 Kip, Jacobus, and Gatalina D'Hart G.B.R. 2? 27 

1705 Oct. 3 Kip, Margrieta, and Samuel Kip G.B.R. 2: 28 

1702 Ap. 22 Kip, Petnis, and Emeltie Van Deycke G.B.R. 3:194 

1705 Oct. 3 Kip, Samuel, and Margrieta Kip G.B.R. 2: 28 
1695 Sep. 30 Kipp, Jesse, and Mary Stevens G.B.R. 3: 92 
1700 Ap. 26 Kipp, Magdelena, and Alexander Baird G.B.R. 3:194 
1686 Oct. 27 Kittle, Jeremy, and Katherine Clare, both of Ulster Go. 

L.W. 63 

1601 Aug. 11 Konning, Elizabeth, and Huybert Arentse G.B.R. 4: 31 

1703 Nov. 4 Konsly, Christopher, and Sarah Kidd G.B.R. 2: 25 
1758 July 13 Kortright, Helena, and Abraham Brasher M.B. 41:184 
1703 Sep. 10 Kyarse, Helena, and John Oky G.B.R. 2: 25 

1752-66 Lack, Mary, and Need Bate CM. 82: 62 

1703 Ap. 17 Laconte, William, and Margaret Malioo G.B.R. 1: 13 

1703 July Lafon, John, and Mary Dubois G.B.R, 2: 25 

1752-56 Laforge, Adrayon, and Elizerbeth Moor CM. 82: 62 

1693 Jan. 18 Lafort, Marcus, and Hester Richards G.B.R. 2:141 

1753 Ap. 5 Lagrandie, Geesie, and Johannes Luke M.B. 41: 20 

1G96 Nov. 11 Lambert, Edward, and Jane Downing G.B.R. 3: 93 

1695 June 19 Tjamberts, Martinus, and Catrina van Newenhuysen 

G.B.R. 3: 92 

1756 May 20 Lambertson, Elenor, and Thomas Maddox M.B. 41:132 

1699 Dec. 29 Lance, Eliz., and John Mayson G.B.R. 3:193 
1758 Aug. 31 Land, Anne, and David Aug. Roche M.B. 41:235 

1706 Feb. 27 Lane, Adrien, and Jannitie Van Seckler G.B.R. 2: 28 

1702 Ap. 25 Langstaffe, Moses, and Mary Sidman G.B.R. 3:195 

1703 Nov. 3 Lanseing, Abraham, and Matthew Leana Huntrick 

G.B.R. 2: 25 

1704 Sep. 7 Lansen, John, and Leana Saunders G.B.R. 2: 2i\ 
1703 May 26 I^ansing, Isaac, and Janeke Beekeman G.B.R. 1: 13 
1G04 Nov. 2 Larkin, Katharine, and Lancaster Simms G.B.R. 3: 92 
1691 Aug. 22 Larkon, James, and Katherine DeHart G.B.R. 4: 31 
1098 Feb. 7 Latham, Joseph, and Jane Singleton G.B.R. 3:193 
1752-56 Latorat, Peter, and CM. 82: 62 

1700 Ap. 27 Ivaville (or Carille), Adam, and Elizabeth Gizebert 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1695 Ap. 10 Law, Andrew, and Cornelia Dischingiton G.B.R. 3: 92 

1690 May 1 I^awrence, Eleanor, and Lawrence Barnes Deeds 8:244 

1703 June 11 Lawrence, Eliza, and Jacobus Kie^teade G.B.R. 2: 25 

1753 Jan. 20 Lawrence, Hannah, and Jacob Bound M.B. 41: 44 



28 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1696 Ap. 6 Lawrence, John, and Janetie Stevenson G.B.IL 3: 93 

1753 Jan. 3 I^wrence, Mary, and Talman Waters M.B. 41: 25 

1699 Sep. 24 Lawrence, Richard, and Charity Gierke G.B.R. 2:142 

1705 Jan. 12 Lawrence, Sarah, and James Tillett G.B.R. 2: 27 

1753 Jan. 22 Lawrence, Silas, and Margret Burns M.B. 41: 46 

1692 Nov. 9 Lawrence, Thomas, and Mary Ferguson G.B.R. 4: 32 

166 4-5Mar.4 Lawrence, William, and Elizabeth Smith G.B. 1:98 

1699 Dec. Lawrier, Christian, and Mary Bunt G.B.R. 3:193 

1692 June27 Le Chavelier, Jean, and Marie De La Plaine G.B.R. 4: 32 

1756 May 14 Le Oonte, Bouwdawyn, and Elsie Fredericlt M.B. 41:127 

1756 Jan. 9 Le Conte, John Junr., and Catharine Van Home M.B. 41: 72 

1705 Nov. 10 Lee, Mattee, and Thomas Roger G.B.R 2: 28 

lijM May 10 Leeson, Mary, and John Clatworthy G.B.R. 3: 92 

1702 Jan. 26 Lefeurt, Bartholomew, and Magdalen Pelrott G.B.R. 3: 19 

1758 June 19 Lefferts, Cath., and Peter Luister M.B. 41:159 

1753 Mar. 17 Leffertse, Catrintia, and Nicholas WycJioflP M.B. 41: 21 

1758 Aug. 11 I.eggett, Abraham, and Gertruy Child M.B. 41:209 

1704 Ap. 19 Leigh, Dorothy, and John Heymer G.B.R. 2: 26 

1687 June 24 Leislaer, Sussannah, and Michaell Vaughton L.W. 99 

1694 Nov. 26 Leisler, Francis, and Thomas T^wis G.B.R. 3: 92 
1699 Dec. 16 Lelonor, Isaah, and Judith Waldron G.B.R. 3:193 

1704 Ap. 10 Lemsen, Gerthryt, and Ryert Gaxretson G.B.R. 2: 26 

1702 Oct. 27 Lepenar, Magarett. and Thomas Davenport G.B.R. 1: 3 

1703 July 12 Lesley, John, and Ellen Bissett G.B.R. 2: 25 
1104: Nov. 9 Lessitt, Elizabeth, and Samuel Sands G.B.R. 2: 27 
1703 Ap. 12 Lessonby, Alkey, and John Reemer G.B.R. 1: 13 

1696 Feb. 15 Letson, Daniel, and Helena Boedann G.B.R. 3: 93 

1695 Sep. 16 Leuwis, Moses, and Mary Bayer G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 Aug. 17 Lewis, James, and Hannah Mullenix M.B. 41:216 
1694 June 22 Lewis, Johanna, and John Van Strydt G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 June 28 Lewis, Joseph, and Phytic Losier M.B. 41:169 

1694 Nov. 26 Lewis, Thomas, and Francis Leisler G.B.R. 3: 92 

1695 Jan. 6 Lightfoott, Mrs Anna, and John Tasher G.B.R. 4: 31 

1697 Doc. 8 Lipet, Moses, and Sarah Throgmartin, G.B.R. 3:192 

1698 Feb. 7 Lipis, Samuel, and Ann Honey G.B.R. 3:193 

1705 Feb. 1 Lispenar, Abigail, and Adry Beel^man G.B.R. 2: 27 
1705 Nov. 2 Lispenard, Anthony, and Elizabeth De Klyen G.B.R. 2: 28 
1758 June 6 Livingston, Margaret, and Peter R. Livingston M.B. 41:147 
1758 June 6 Livingston, Peter R., and Margaret Livingston M.B. 41:147 

1696 July 26 Livingstone, Kobt. Junr., and Margaret Schuyler 

G.B.R. 3: 94 

1697 Dec. 30 Lloyd, Kathrine, and George Williams G.B.R. 3:193 
1703 Aug. 9 Tvongfield, Mary, and Octave Ooenraats G.B.R. 2: 25 
1692 Ap. 22 Loolciugglasse, Marj', and John Finlison G.B.R. 4: 32 
1691 Nov. 22 Lord, Mary, and Thomas Carhart G.B.R. 4: 31 
1694 Ap. 16 Loring, John, and Kath'e Van Clyff G.B.R. 3: 91 



SUPPLBHENT TO HARRIAOE LICENSES 



29 



1758 June 28 


1695 July 


1 


1758 June 


1 5 


1098 


Aug. 


22 


1756 Jan. 


24 


1703 July 


21 


lG8:i 




• 


1697 


Ap. 


5 


1758 


Aug. 


22 


1758 June 19 


1753 


Ap. 


5 


1096 Junel6 


1703 


May 22 


1756 Ap. 


23 


1756 Ap. 


10 


1756 


Ap. 


23 


1700 


Feb. 


14 


1756 


Jan. 


13 


1758 July 22 


1695 


Nov. 


6 


1697 


Oct. 


7 


1691 


Sep. 


7 


17(>i 


Ap. 


25 


1696 June 16 


1701 


Mar. 


26 


1700 Sep. 


17 


1756 


Feb. 


23 


1753 


Jan. 


2 


1758 


Aug. 21 


1758 


Aug. 


23 


1758 June 12 


1756 


Jan. 


28 


1758 Aug. 


21 


1753 


A p. 


5 


1756 Jan. 


26 


1694 


Sep. 


10 


1752 


Dec. 


16 


1705 


Jan. 


11 


1750 Mar. 18 


1693 


Mar. 


22 


1758 


Aug. 23 


1758 June 12 


1756 


May 


6 


1756 


May 


6 


1758 


Aug. 


18 



Losler, Phytle, and Joseph Lewis 

Low, Cornelius, and Margt. van Bursum 

Low, John, and Susannah Burdett 

Low, Matthis, and Janltye van Heyninge 

Lowdon, Samuel, and Sarah Oakes 

Loyd, Sarah, and Thomas Heus 

Ludlom, Elizabeth, and John Carman, Col. 

Ludlow, Gabriel, and Sarah Hanmer 

Ludlow, George Duncan, and Frances Duncan 

Luister, Peter, and Catherine Lefferts 

Luke, Johannes, and Geesie Lagrandie 

Luwersen, Alkie, and Webley Rasby 

Luyckas, Hellegond, and Ogrhert Suert 

Luyster, Anne, and Peter Luyster 

Luyster, Mary, and John BrlnckerhoflP 

Luyster, Peter, and Anne Luyster 

Lynch, Ann, and Francis Vincent 

Lynch, Elizabeth, and Alex. Dean 

Lynch, Mary, and Caleb White 

Lynch, Thomas, and Anna Jacobs 

Lyndall, Deborah, and William Andersen 

Lyndall, Thomas, and Deborah Cmndall 

Lynes, Nathaniel, and Unis Burroughs 

Lynns, Damares, and John Basford 

Lynus, Rebecca, and James Ekles 

Lyster, Elizabeth, and Thomas Penestone 

Mabbet, Samuel, and Ruth Yeomans 
McBride, Mary, and John Gano 
McBride, Thomas, and Elizabeth Ellis 
McCarter, Catherine, and Dennis Macmar 
McClane, Daniel, and Ann McNeal 
McDowal, Martha, and Lawrence Sweeny 
McDugal, Elenor, and Joseph Northup 
McFarlin, Daniel, and Catherin Roy 
McGrath, James, and Mary Hamilton 
Macgregero, Catherine, and John Evans 
McGuire, Elizabeth, and Daniel Clark 
Mackelson, Enoch, and Aphia Van Hoorn 
McKim, William, and Mary Watson 
Macky, John, and Jane Persons 
Macmar, Dennis, and Catherine McCarter 
McNeal, Ann. and Daniel McClane 
McNeill, Arthur, and Barbara McNeill 
McNeill, Barbara, and Arthur McNeill 
McSwain, Daniel, and Sarah Founten 



M.B. 
G.B.R. 

M.B. 
G.B.R. 

M.B. 
G.B.R. 

M.S. 
G.B.R. 

M.B. 

M.B. 

M.B. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 

M.B. 

M.B. 

M.B. 
G.B.R. 

M.B. 

M.B. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 
G.B.R. 



41:169 

3: 92 

41:146 

3:193 

41: 78 

2: 25 

31: 7 

3: 93 

41:226 

41:159 

41: 20 

3: 93 

1: 13 

41:111 

41:107 

41:111 

3:194 

41: 74 

41:192 

3: 92 

3:192 

4: 31 

2: 26 

3: 93 

3:194 

3:194 



M.B. 41: 89 
M.B. 41: 37 
M.B. 41:222 
M.B. 41:227 
M.B. 41:153 
M.B. 41: 82 
M.B. 41:223 
M.B. 41: 19 
M.B. 41: 79 

G.B.R. 3: 92 
M.B. 41: 28 

G.B.R. 2: 27 
M.B. 41: 96 

G.B.R. 2:142 
M.B. 41:227 
M.B. 41:153 
M.B. 41:121 
M.B. 41:121 
M.B.41.217 



30 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1756 May 20 Maddox, Thomas, and Elenor Lambertson M.B. 41:132 

1703 Ap. 17 Mahoo, Margaret, and William Laconte G.B.R. 1: 13 
1697 Dec. 9 Mallyear, Sarah, and John Perrey G.B.R. 3:192 
1758 June22 Maloney, Huner, and Christ. Sennett M.B. 41:166 
1756 Jan. 20 Mann, Ann, and Abraham Willson M.B.41: 76 
1753 Feb. 24 Mannell, Andrew, and Catharin Sprong M.B.41: 61 
1758 Sep. 1 Manney, Wines, and AlUe Vandenbergh M.B. 41:238 
1701 Aug. 9 Mans, Adriaen, and 

1706 Jan. 10 Mansey, Mary, and Andrew Brougbton G.B.R. 2: 28 

1752 Dec. 4 Mapack, Wyenefried, and William Taylor M.B.41: 8 

1704 Mar. 2 Markman, John, and Elizabeth Farmer G.B.R. 2: 26 

1694 Mar. 31 Marriner, Gilbert, and Jannettie ffloyd G.B.R. 3: 91 

1705 May 21 Marrlngton, Jane, and Peter Murdock G.B.R. 2: 27 
1752-56 Marshal, John, and Susannah Cole CM. 82: 02 
1756 Mar. 17 Marshall, Frances, and Paul Mersereau M.B. 41: 95 

1692 Sep. 27 Marshall, Garvas, and Elianor Pey G.B.R. 4: 32 
1752 Nov. 30 Marston, Sarah, and Andrew Yelverton M.B.41: 4 
1752-56 Martennow, Mary, and Jacob Baragor O.M. 82: 62 
1758 Aug. 12 Martin, John, and Mary Geraud M.B. 41:211 
1687 Mar. 30 Martins, Juda, and William Cox L.W. 89 

1695 Ap. 6 Masett, Peter, and Lydia Coel G.B.R. 3: 92 
1752 Dec. 16 Mason, Ann Sarah, and Carden Proctor M.B. 41: 29 
1752 Dec. 22 Mathews, Susannah, and I^Yancis Thurman M.B.41: 34 
1695 June 27 Maurltz, Jannetie, and Matthew de Hart G.B.R. 3: 92 
1703 Jan. 5 Mauritz, Margritta, and Balthazer Dehart G.B.R^ 1: 3 
1701 Oct. 8 Maynard, George, and Isabella Willson G.B.R. 2:142 
1094 Ap. 12 Maynard, Johanna, and Johannes d*Honneur G.B.R. 3: 91 
1G99 Dec. 29 May son, John, and Ellz. Lance G.B.R. 3:193 
1691 Dec. Meads, Mary, and Henry Coleman G.B.R. 4: 31 
1684 July 9 Mccarty, John, and Ann Hai-man CM. 34: 28 
1703 Jan. 16 Meech, Johanna, and David Jamisson G.B.R. 1: 3 
1096 Jan. 13 Meek, Elizabeth, and James Wheeler G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 July 31 Melvin, Catharine, and Mathias Rash M.B. 41:196 
1099 Aug. 14 Merchant, Ann, and George Comwell G.B.R. 2:142 
1752-50 Merril. John, and Sarah Decer [Deckerl M.B. 82: 62 
1756 Feb. 3 Merril, Marsey, and Charles Decker M.B.41: 85 
1752-56 Merril, Thomas, and Eve Jonge CM. 82: 62 
1758 Aug. 4 Merry, Charles, and Elizabeth Bums M.B. 41:202 
175^5 Jan. 31 Merry man, Sjunuel, and Martha Iladley M.B. 41: 55 
1752 Dec. 20 Mersereau, Joshua, and Abigail Brown M.B.41: 32 
1756 Mar. 17 Mersereau, Paul, and Frances Marshall M.B.41: 95 
1758 Aug. 4 Merven, Hannah, and Epenetus Piatt M.B. 41:200 
1778 Jan. 28 Mery, Pierre, and Catherine Leduer M.B. 25: 13 
1758 July 15 Mesereau, Mary, and Simon Van Name M.B. 41:186 

1706 Jan. 31 Messelaer, Abraham, and Agenietie Staats G.B.R. 2: 28 

1693 Mar. 20 Meybi, Cathrina, and John Van Hoorn G.B.R. 2:142 



SUPPLRMBNT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 31 

1702 July 29 Meyer, Ann, and James Cebra G.B.R. 3:195 

1696 July 10 Meyer, Helenah, and Johannes Hardenbergh G.B.U. 3: 93 
1704 Dec. 15 Meyer, Ide, and Anna Ravenstein G.B.R. 2: 27 

1701 May 23 Meyer, Jenltle, and Abraham Provoost G.B.R. 3:104 
1704 Sep. 20 Meyer, John, and Darah De Foreest G.B.R. 2: 27 
1096 Aug. 8 Meyer, Katherine, and Zachariah Weeks G.B.R. 3: 93 

1698 Oct 25 Meyers, Elsey, and Bamardus Smith G.B.R. 3:193 
1700 Ap. 27 Meyers, Katharine, and John Veet G.B.R. 3:194 
1700 Ap. 18 Meyers, Marytie, and Hendrlckes Vander Heule 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1697 Sep. 23 Meynderts, Neeltfe, and Hendryck Dow G.B.R. 3:192 
1753 Jan. 27 Michaels, Cornelius, and Catharine Robinson M.B. 41: 52 

1702 Ap. 30. Michell, Elizabeth, and John Eaton G.B.R. 3:195 
1758 June 15 Michelsen, Hendrick, and Margaret Wilse M.B. 41:157 

1699 May 16 Milborne, Mary, and Abraham Govemeur G.B.R. 3:193 
1704 May 4 Milldrum, John, and Femmetie Van Boursen G.B.R. 2: 26 
1756 Jan. 6 Miller, Dorothy, and Jonathan Mills M.B. 41: 70 
1704 Feb. 1 Miller, Jerusia, and John Wickham G.B.R. 2: 26 
1695 Jan. 31 Miller, Paul, and Antie van der Heyden G.B.R. 3: 92 

1704 Oct. 18 Miller, William, and Geertrey Springsteen G.B.R. 2: 27 
1756 Jan. 6 Mills, Jonathan, and Dorothy Miller M.B. 41: 70 
1699 May 6 Milton, Christian, and John Corbitt G.B.R. 3:193 

1705 Oct 6 Ming, Thomas, and Mary Vorckinson G.B.R. 2: 28 
1750 June 2 Minthorne, Frances, and Paulus Banta M.B. 41:136 
1756 Jan. 27 Minthorne, Hilah, and Abraham Cock M.B. 41: 80 

1702 Dec. 28 Minviel, John James, and SuBanne Papin G.B.R. 1: 3 

1703 Nov. 1 Mole, Jacobus, and Lydia Winne G.B.R. 2: 25 

1703 Oct. 19 Mole, Mary, and James Nicholas G.B.R. 2: 25 

1704 Dec. 8 Moll, Angletie, and Mydar Stone G.B.R. 2: 27 

1698 May 26 Moll, Ariaentie, and Lewin Dewind G.B.R. 3:193 

Mompesson, Roger, and Martha Sinhorn G.B.R. 2: 28 

Mongal, Fiankea, and Jacob Mosharow CM. 82: 62 

Montanie, Sarah, and Robert Finley M.B. 41:171 

Montanye, Martha, and Abraham Alner M.B. 41: 64 

Montfort, Ann, and Daniel Brinekerhofif M.B. 41:100 

Monvlelle, Susanna, and William Smith G.B.R. 1: 3 

Mool, Anne, and John fforlisson G.B.R. 3:193 

Moor, Elizerbeth, and Adrayon Laforge CM. 82: 62 

Moore, Charles, and Elizabeth James M.B. 41:156 

Moore, Frances, and Philip Dodridg G.B.R. 3: 93 

Moore, Hannah, and AUane Jarrett G.B.R. 2: 27 

Moore, Henry, and Neeltie Ploughman M.B. 41:109 

Moore, John, and Elizabeth Cheek G.B.R. 3: 93 

More, Richard, and Rebecca Bally G.B.R. 3: 91 

Morey. John, and Mary Williams M.B. 41:168 

Morgan, John, and Eliscboth l»rine CM. 82: 62 



1705 Feb. 


28 


1752-56 




1758 Junei30 


1753 Feb. 


9 


1756 Mar. 


25 


1702 Dec. 


22 


1699 July 


5 


1752-56 




1758 June 14 


1696 Oct. 


15 


1705 Juno 20 


1756 Ap. 


17 


1696 Sep. 


8 


1694 Jan. 


11 


1758 June 27 


1752-56 





.■^2 NEW YOKK STATE LIBRARY 

I7ri.1 Mar. 22 Morris, Isaac, and Mary Puntine 

1601 Not. 3 Morris, Lewis, and Isabella Grabam 

1695 June 1 Mori»n, Barbary, and Jobn Plsber 

lT!i2-Q6 Moeliarow, Jacob, ODd Fiantica Mongal 

1752-50 S[08liarow, Joeharaw, ;nnl 

16US Jan. 13 Mosston, Judith, and Robert Edwards 

1753 Feb. 20 Mott, Elizabeth, and Samuel Smith 

1701 Oct, 27 Molt, Grace, and Joseph Betts 

17r>C Feb. 21 Mott, Tlimnnli. and Nathaniel Ogden 

1700 Mar. 5 Mott, Mary, and Solomon SiUimonK 

ItKHi Oct. 14 Mott, Itlgebell, and Elizabeth Tborne 

1704> Ap. 8 Moiirice, Paul, and Margaret Kettletas 

1094 Dec. 13 Mourils, Leena, nini lluhrrl llri's 

Ifil}2 Sep. G Moyou, WiIILum, itmi .Mnr.v i'.inlhiin 

1758 Aug. 17 Miitlcnix, Hannah, and James I*wfB 

171'5 May 21 Klurdock, I'eter, and Jnnf Marrington 

1758 Aug. IS Murphy, Michael, and Mary Mlgbie 

1758 Aug. 26 Mnixi.'^hor. David, and Mary Horrenbrook 

170i Ap. 20 Myer, Cornelia, ami Cornelius Timber 

1704 Jan. 25 Myer, Elsie, and Evert Duyckink 

1758 Aug. 22 Myer, Jobn, aod Amey Roe 

1756 Ap. 2 Myer, Susannab, and Isaac Vcrmllya 

1764 Ap. 17 Myers, Harmanus, and )iaolii-t Harilenbergh 

1753 Feb. 19 Myers, Susannah, and Peter Bussing 

175(i Mar. 4 Nagte [Nagel]. Hendiick, and Anna Ruffee 

1702 Dec. 28 Nedry, John, and Jane Allen 

1758 June 8 Needbam, John, and Catharine Cole 

1753 Mar. 20 Nelllier^'ay Ahd, and Jonathan. Wleka 

1700 Feb. 14 Nesbett, Robert, and Susanna Sterena 

1758 Aug. 20 NVvin. Jnm<>s, and Suwiniiah Wtlsej 

17a3 Oct. 10 Nicholas. .lames, and Mary Mole 

won June 12 Nicholas, Susanna, and llrancis Hiilln 

1702 Dec. 24 Nicholas, Susanue, and II(il>t. Daniell 

1703 Dec. 28 Nichols, Mary, and Robert Watts 

1600 Not. 21 Nicolls. Mar»;arett, and Joslah Robinson 

17.™ Ap. 5 >ohli'. "rit.>i:i;;s, and Catharine Borright 

1704 Ap. 14 Ts^oell. flnundli and Charles WocJey 
1758 Aug. 21 Northup, Josei'li. and Elenor McDngal 
lfia3 Feb. 20 Xorn-ood, Ben,|anilu, and Cornelia Van Clyff 
1758 Aug. 18 Norwood, Blchard. and Deborah Sliadivlok 
1702 May 14 Notiagham, Win , and Margaret Rutsen 
1758 Aug. 5 Nutt, Ann, and Edward Price 

1756 Jan. 24 Oakes, Sarah, and Samuel Lowdon 

17(Ki Sep. 15 Oakley. Thomas, and Mary Burroughs 

1758 Mar. 28 Odell, Charity, and Dajolel Dean 



M.B. 


41: 12 


G.B.R. 


4: 31 


G.B.R. 


3: 92 


CM. 


82: 62 


CM. 


82: 62 


G.B.R. 


3:193 


M.B. 


41: 62 


G.B.R. 


3:194 


M.B. 


41: 88 


G.B.R. 


2: 28 


G.B.R. 


3: 93 


G.B.R. 


2: 28 


G.B.R. 


3! 92 


G.B.R. 


4: 32 


M.B. 41:216 


G.B.B. 


2: 27 


M.B. 41:219 


M.B. 41:230 


G.B.R. 


2: 26 


O.B.R. 


2: 26 


M.B. 


41:225 


M.B. 41:102 


M.B. 


8:158 


M.B.41: 58 


M.B. 41: 03 


G.B.R. 


1: 3 


M.B.41:1«8 


M.B. 


41: 17 


G.B.R. 


3:104 


M.B. 


41:232 


G.B.R. 


2: 26 


G.B.R. 


3: 93 


G.B.R. 


1: 3 


G.B.R. 


2: 28 


G.B.R. 


3: 93 


M.B. 41:104 


G.B.R. 


2: 26 


M.B. 


41523 


G.B.R. 


2:142 


M.B. 


41:218 


G.B.R. 


3:105 


M.B. 


41:203 


M.B. 


41: 78 


G.B.R. 


2: 28 


M.B. 


41:145 



SUPPLEMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 33 

1686 Oct. 7 Odell, Sarah, and John Archer of Westcher T^W. 67 

1705 Aug. 20 Ogden, Joeiah, and Catherina llardcnbroeck G.B.R. 2: 28 

1756 Feb. 21 Ogden, Nathaniel, and Hannah Mott M.B. 41: 88 

1701 Oct. 9 Ogleby, John, and Hannah Ellson G.B.R. 2: 27 

1703 J^ep. 10 Oky, John, and Helena Kyarse G.B.R. 2: 26 

1704 Nov. 7 Oliver, Charles, and Margarett Schuyler G.B.R. 2: 27 

1705 Nov. 28 Oliver, John, and Katherine Peterson G.B.R. 2: 28 

1697 Sep. 17 Olpherts, Suert, and Hilleke Pieters G.B.R. 3:192 

1701 Nov. 10 Olpherts, Suert, and Janeke Snedeker G.B.R. 3:194 
1771 Nov. 22 Onderdonck, Adreyoan, and Nelly Snedeker M.B. 17:262 
1756 Mar. 2 0*Neil, Mary, and Thomas Salter M.B. 41: 92 
Kmi May 16 Oort, Sarah, and Capt. William KIdd G.B.R. 4: 31 

1702 Dec. 17 Osborn, Samuel, and Katherine Pullion G.B.R. 1: 3 

1698 Dec. 12 Osborn, William, and Elizabeth Way G.B.R. 3:193 
1692 Oct. 3 Osburne, Elizabetli, and Jacob Ware G.B.R. 4: 32 
1752 Dec. 4 Ostrander, Abraham, and Elizabeth Ostrander M.B. 41: 9 
1752 Dec. 4 Ostrander, Elizabeth, and Abraham Ostrander M.B. 41: 9 
1756 Mar. 29 Outhout, Jonas, and Ellz. Van Haugle M.B. 41:101 
1705 June26 Oyan, Margariet, and William Warren G.B.R. 2: 27 

175J) May 10 Palding, James, and Rachel Basslng M.B. 2:277 

1752 Dec. 11 Palmer, Basheba, and Thomas Pell Junr. M.B. 41: 23 

1753 Mar. 10 Palmer, Bathseba, and John Thomas Junr. M.B. 41: 22 
1778 Mar. 28 Pane, John, and Wllhelmina Dunkle M.B. 25: 55 
1688 Ap. 17 Pangbume, Susanna, and George Jewell of New York 

I/.W. 105 

1698 Ap. 16 Pantry, John, and Elizabetth Plinco G.B.R. 3:193 

1704 Jan. 26 Pape, Thomas, and Mary Pratt G.B.R. 2: 26 

1702 Dec. 28 Papin, Susanne, and John James Minviel G.B.R. 1: 3 
1697 Aug. 14 Parmiter, Thomas, and Margaret Smith G.B.R. 3:192 
1753 Jan. 10 Parsons, John, and Alida Cavalier M.B. 41: 41 

1694 Ap. 20 Pateshal, Richard, and Hannah Hoist G.B.R. 3: 91 

1703 June 18 Patting. Hannah, and Thomas Adams G.B.R. 2: 25 

1695 June 4 Paulus, Elizabeth, and Volckert Hendricksen G.B.R. 3: 92 
1694 June 4 Pead, William, and Mary Hardenbergh G.B.R. 3: 92 
1702 Mar. 23 Pearsall, Catherine, and Thomas Studd G.B.R. 3:194 
1753 Jan. 18 Peckwell, Henry, and Mary Denmark M.B. 41: 43 

1701 Ap. 7 Pedley, Roger, and Sarah Thome G.B.R. 3:194 
1758 July 8 Peek, William, and Phebe Gillam M.B. 41:176 

1702 Jan. 26 Peirott, Magdalen, and Bartholomew Lefeurt G.B.R. 3:104 
1753 Feb. 19 Pell, Hannah, and Daniel Stevenson M.B. 41: 59 
1702 Jan. 20 Pell, Thomas, and Aeltie Beeke G.B.:^^. 3:104 
1752 Dec. 11 Pell, Thomas Junr. and Basheba Palmer M.B. 41: 23 
1694 Nov, 23 Pell, AVilliam, and EMz'th Van Teuyl G.B.R. 3: 92 
1700 Sep. 17 Penestone, Thomas, and Elizabeth Lyster G.B.R. 3:104 

1705 Oct. 13 PennlBtone, Thomas, and AUice Wooderop G.B.R. 2: 28 



34 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1758 June29 Ferine, Edward, and Ann Holmes M.B. 41:170 

1704 Oct. IG Peroyne, Peter, and Anne Holmes G.B.R. 2: 27 
1697 Dee. 9 Perrey, John, and Sarah Mallyear G.B.R. 3:192 
1G03 Mar. 22 Persons, Jane, and John Macky G.B.R. 2:142 
169G June 3 Peters, Anna, and Johannes Ellsworth G.B.R. 3: 93 
1G99 May 10 Peters, Margaret, and John Breadstead G.B.R. 3:193 
1093 June20 Peterson, John, and Hannah Gerritse G.B.R. 2:142 

1705 Nov. 28 Peterson, Katherine, and John Oliver G.B.R. 2: 28 
1700 Nov. 25 Peterson, Susannah, and Robert Croalier G.B.R. 3:194 
1098 Nov. 26 Petit, Thomas, and Cathrine Branch G.B.R. 3:193 

1092 Sep. 27 Pey, Elianor, and Garvas Marshall G.B.R. 4: 32 

1093 Aug. 15 Philip, Han, and Richard Gleave G.B.R. 2:142 

1092 Dec. 1 Philips, Fredericli, and Katharina Darvall G.B.R. 4: 32 

1091 May 7 Phillips, Evah, and Jacobus Van Oourtland G.B.R. 4: 31 

1093 Oct. 10 Phips, Benj. and Hannah Dean G.B.R. 2:142 
1097 Sep. 17 Phips, Hannah, and John Smith G.B.R. 3:192 
1753 Jan. 5 Phoenix, Alexander, and Catherine Brookman M.B. 41: 40 

1097 Sep. 17 Pieters, Hilleke, and Suert Olpherts G.B.R. 3:192 

1703 Nov. 8 Pinnhorne, Mary, and Edmund Kingsland G.B.R. 2: 25 
1(^92 May 14 Pintard, Anthony, and Katharine Stale G.B.R. 4: 32 
1758 Aug. 8 Piatt, Elizabeth, and Daniel Tucker M.B. 41:207 

1704 Mar. 14 Piatt, Elizabeth, and Johnathan Smith G.B.R. 2: 26 
1758 Aug. 4 Piatt, Epenetus, and Hannah Merven M.B. 41:200 
1703 May 6 Platte, Epenetus, and Elizabeth Smith G.B.R. 1: 13 
1008 June 30 Pievier, Anna Maria, and Daniel Peterse Coreman 

G.B.R. 3:193 

1098 Ap. 16 Plinco, Elizabeth, and John Pantry G.B.R. 3:193 
1750 Ap. 17 Ploughman, Neeltie, and Henry Moore M.B. 41:109 
1750 Ap. 23 Pocock, Eliz. and James Bogart M.B. 41:112 
1758 Aug. 22 Polhemus, John, and Elizabeth Dutcher M.B. 41:224 

1702 Feb. 1 Pollom, Martha, and Joseph Arrowsmith G.B.R. 3:194 
1750 May 19 Pollort, Christian, and Samuel Watson M.B. 41:127 
1758 Aug. 2 Pool, Thomas, and Jane Beatty M.B. 41:199 

1092 Sep. 6 Pordrian, Mary, and William Moyon G.B.R. 4: 32 
1758 July 10 Post, Abraham, and Annake Schoonmaker M.B. 41:179 
17(^5 Nov. 12 Poste, Margaret, and Thomas Sharroke G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 May 10 Potter, Katherln, and Patrick Crawford G.B.R. 1: 13 

1093 Sep. 18 i*otter, Richard, and Katharine Reay G.B.R. 2:142 
1758 June2l Poulison, John, and Gertruyd Speir M.B. 41:163 

1704 Jan. 26 Pratt, Mary, and Thomas Pape G.B.R. 2: 26 
1()97 Oct. 15 Price. Christopher, and Susannah Allyn G.B.R. 3:192 
1758 Aug. 5 Price, Edward, and Ann Nutt M.B. 41:203 
1752-50 Prine, Elisebeth, and John Morgan CM. 82: 02 
1703 Dec. Printz, Letitia, and John Cornell G.B.R. 2: 26 

1705 June 11 Pritchard, Tho. and Anne Stuyvesant G.B.R. 2: 27 
1752 Dec. 16 Proctor, Garden, and Ann Sarah Maaon M.B. 41: 29 



8UPPLBHENT TO HARRIAQE LICENSES A9 

1702 Mar. 23 ProBBcr, Joeepb. and BllsEab«tb Verwyde Q.B.R. .1:194 

1701 May 23 ProTOOBt, Abraham, and Jenltle Meyer G.B.B. 3:lft4 

1C03 Junel4 Provooet, AlUe. and Gerryt Van Hoom G.B.R. 4: 32 

1704 Sep. 21 rroTOOBt. Gerrett. and Altle Roose G.B.R. 2: 27 
UM July Q I'roTOOBt, Margaret. and Johannes van Brngen G.B.R. 3: 03 
IToe Jan. 9 Provost, Katbeiinc, and Matthew Benelnck G.B.R. 2: 2S 

1701 Jan. 18 I-n>viis!i-. _\t:iii.Mrct. and John Kerfbyl G.B.R. 2:26 
1G96 Nov. 10 Pruden, Wllilam, and Auu Hoomo G.B.R. 3: 93 

1705 Dec. 28 Prudence, Mary, and Aman Bounn G.B.R, 2: 28 
1738 July 10 Pruyn, Ilarman, and Jnnnt'tje Hoese M.B. 41:180 
1705 Sep. 3 Pruyn, Jtohannea. nntlAmllla Sanders G.B.R. 2: 28 

1755 Dtjc. 31 Pndney, .lunit*, and Mary Wnruor M.B. 41: 67 
1098 Ap. 27 Pugsley, Kathrlne, and Richard Wilson G.B.R. 3:103 
1683 Nov. 22 Pugaley, Matthew, and Mary Hunt G.B.R. 0: 78 

1702 Dec. 17 PullloD, Kiilh-Tinf, uad Samuel Osborn G.B.R. 1: 3 

1756 Mar. 1 Pundt, Jeremiah, ,iDd Catherlo Coin M.B. 41: 01 
17D3Mar. 23 Puntlne, Mary, and snnc Morris M.B. 41: 12 
leo.l Not. 18 Puppyn, Ann. and Amlron- On,nuon G.B.R. 3: 03 
l(i03 June27 Purrlngton, Sarah, and Charles Sleigh G.B.R. 2:142 

1753 Jan. 'H Qu«reau, Benjamin, and Hannah Brown M.B. 41: 50 

170S Ap. 11 BAlnlord, Thomas, and Else Vandenbergh G.B.R. 2: 27 

17(KI Oct 10 Ralph, Thomas, and Mary Gunter G.B.R. 2: 25 

1702 Dec. 16 Randall, Eilzabetb, and William Berkley G.B.R. 1: 3 
1756 Feb. 12 Bapeljc, Aim, and Jjinies De Graw M.B. 41: 87 
1756 May 10 Bappalye, Cornelius, jiiid Cornelia Wycltott M.B. 41:124 
1756 May 20 Rappelye, (:«>rKe, and Mary Bloom M.B. 41:131 
leOGJunelO IJiLsli.v, \V.-l>icy, nnaAikleT.uwerBcn G.B.R. 3:03 
1758 July 31 Rash, Mathias, and Catharine Melvia M.B. 41:106 
1701 Oct. 2 Bavand [Ravand], Ferrtinando. and Mary Belllnc 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1701 Oct. 2 Ravaud. Ferdinand, and Mary G.B.R. 2:142 

1705 Dec. 24 Ravaud, Mary, and Samson Broughton G.B.R. 2: 28 

17M Dec. ID Kavcustfiu, Anna, and Ide Meyer G.B.R. 2: 27 

17(KS June23 Ravesteln, Tryntle Garretse, and Joannes DeForeest 

G.B.B. 2: 27 

1705 Mar. 20 Bay, Richard, and Eleanor Saunders G.B.R. 2: 27 
I7;>8 Aug. 4 Read, Sopliia, and Ji-tin noi.i*r M.B. 41:201 
1608 Mar. 1 licnde, .M:iiy and W'lHInm Vescy G.B.K 3:193 
1G93 Sep. 18 lloay KnlUrlne, Jiiid Klchard PMIlt G.B.R. 2:142 

1706 Ap. 12 itedott, Elizabeth, nnd TIiouisb Walker G.B.B. 2: 28 

1703 Ap. 12 lieenicr, John, and Alkey Lessonby G.B.R. 1:13 
17IK Feb. 10 Reid. Robert, and Abiijnii Baily G.B.R. 2: 27 
1696 Aug. 28 Itevedly, George, and Katberine Holmes G.B.R. 3: 03 
1606 Mar. 10 Reyners, Barnet, and Heather Ceysler G.B.R. 3: 03 



36 NEW TOKK STATE LIBRARY 

1753 Jan. 25 Rbodes, Mary, and Benjamin Barker M.B.41: 51 

1752 Not. 30 RIcbard, EUsftbcth. nrd Ituln-rt Wilson M.B.41: 1 
1C96 July 20 Richard. Stephen, and Mary van Brugben G.B.B. 3: % 
1G03 Jan. 18 Richards, HeWer, and Marcus Lnfort O.B.R. 2:141 
1705 May 19 RIggs, John, njid Frances Colbumn G.B.R. 2: 27 
1696 Not. 27 Itlshton. John, and Fraaees Tudor a.B.R. 3: 93 

1703 Mar. 17 Rivllie. Cathnrine, jind Alexander Stuart G.B.R, 1: 13 
1758 July 2S Robinson, Ann, ami Dnnle! Jocea M.B. 41:194 

1753 Jan. 27 Robinson, Catharine, and Ckrrnellus Michaels M.B.41: 52 
1702 Dec. 16 Roblnaon, Charles, and Eli^ribeth EopBdiile G.B.R. 1: 8 
1693 Sep. 4 Robinson, Hanna, and Wllllfim itiircli G.B.R. 2:142 

1696 Not. 21 Robinson, JoslaJi, and Margarott NIcoIIb G.B.R, 3: 98 
1702 Dec. B Robinson, Richard, and Mary Chnmbtrs G.B.R. 1: 3 

1697 Dec. 29 Robinson, Thomas, and Rachell Rosell G.B.R. 3:193 
1763 June 7 Rocess, CharleB, and Catherine Merriment M.B. 7:215 
1758 Aug. 31 Roche, Dnvld Aug. and .\inie Ijand M.B. 41:236 
1758 Aug. 22 Roe, Amey, mid John Mycr M.B. 41:226 
1753 Mar. 27 Roe, Elizabeth, and Thoniaa ColemaB r M.B. 41: 15 
1087 May 16 Roeloffspn, Marcarett, and John ffllntBbnrgh L.W. 92 
1702 Dee. 16 RoesdaJe. Elizabeth, and Charles Robinson G.B.R. 1: 3 
1705 Not. 10 Rocpr, Thomas, and Mattec I.ee G.B.R. 2: 28 

1702 Ap. 26 Rollltse, Jlcreyes. and Dpyna Teunlsse O.B.R, 3:196 
1C98 May 25 Rolloi|iiln, Jacobus, and I.ydia Darblns G.B.R. 3:193 
1000 Ang. 9 Roof, Henry, and Margt Coulylie G.B.R 2:142 

1704 S^. 21 Roose. Altle, and Gerrett ProToost G.B.R. 2: 27 
170* Sep. 21 Roose, Peter, and Hmtie. Courtle G.B.B. 2: 27 
1097 Dec. 29 Rosell, Ifachell. and Tliomap licliinson G.B.B. 3:193 
1708 Feb. 24 RoscTelt, ObrlBtlne, and John T'amiU G.B.B, 1: 13 
1699 Not. 9 RoseTest. Jnriit.lt, and Johanuus Vanderhuel G.B.R. 3:193 
1756 May 22 Ross, Charles, and Caliinrlno li.vi.c M.B. 41:134 
1704 Ap. 21 Bowly, Mary, and Oeorge Booth G.B.R 2:26 
1753 Ap. 5 Roy, Catherln, and Daniel McFarlln M.B, 41: 19 
1756 Mar. 4 Ruffee. Anna, and Hendrick Nagle M.B. 41: 93 

1703 Not. 26 Rnmbout, KatJiarine, and Rogor Brett G.B.R. 2: 20 

1698 Dec. 23 Rutberse, Anthony, and Hendrycke V&ndewater 

G.B.Bt 3:1% 

1699 Sep. 12 Rnthse. Cathrine, and Johannus Hardenbei^h 

G.B.R 3:198 

1702 May 14 Rtrtsen. Margaret, and Wm. Notlngham G.B.R. 3:195 
1756 May 3 Ryckman, Albert, and Catharine Brasler M.B.4I:1I9 
1756 May 22 Ryne, Catharine, and Charles Ross M.B. 41:134 

1703 July 26 Saatton, Michael, and Elizabeth Van Tright G.B.R. 2: 26 
1699 May 11 Saokett, Richard, and Majory L. Sleade G.B.H. 3:193 
1756 Mar. 2 Salter, Thomas, and Mary O'Nell M.B.41: 92 
1693 Oct 25 SamueU, Arlaentle, and Henrjck Symonse G.B.B. 2:142 



SUPPLEMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 3? 

1705 Sep. 3 Sanders, Amilia, and Johannes Pniyn G.B.R. 2: 28 

1691 Sep. 20 Sanders, Ann, and James Vandersplegel G.B.R. 4: 32 

leOS Aug. 30 Sandford, Mary, and William Walton G.B.R. 3:193 

1701 May 9 Sandige, Dorothy, and John Kingston G.B.R. 3:194 
1704 Nov. 9 Sands, Samuel, and Elizabeth Lessitt G.B.R. 2: 27 

1697 Ap. 28 SanfoTd, Grace, and Barne Cosine G.B.R. 3: 93 

1702 Ap. 30 Santford, Elisbeth, and James Davis G.B.R. 3:195 

1700 Feb. 13 Santfordt, , and Jane White G.B.R. 3:194 

1752 Doc. 20 Sarly, Anthony, and Elizabeth Cornell M.B.41: 33 

1753 Mar. 5 Satterly, Rene, and Abial Titus M.B.41: 63 

1704 Sep. 7 Saunders, Barent, and Mary Wander G.B.R. 2: 26 

1705 Mar. 20 Saunders, Eleanor, and Richard Ray G.B.R. 2: 27 

1701 Sep. 15 Saunders, Hanah, and John Buttler G.B.R 3:194 

1704 Sep. 7 Saunders, Leaim, and John Lansen G.B.R. 2: 26 
1756 May 6 Schanck, Margaret, and Gilliam Cornel M.B. 41:120 

1705 Aug. 20 Schayck, Margrieta V. and Bernardus Freeman 

/ O.B.R. 2: 28 

1752 Nov. 30 Schenck, Cornelia, and Jacob Duryee M.B.41: 3 

1703 Nov. 27 Schenck, Martin, and Cornelia Van Weeselew G.B.R. 2: 25 
1705 Ap. 19 Schenk, Margareta, and Peter Strycker G.B.R. 2: 27 

1703 Aug. 31 Schepmodt, Derrick, and Grtttle Tappen G.B.R. 2: 25 
1758 June 10 Schermerhoom, Lucas, and Wyntle Fltzcharles M.B. 41 :150 
1760 Feb. 25 Schmidt, Jacob, and Mary Mitchell M.B. 3: 48 
1758 July 10 Schoonmaker, Annake, and Abraham Post M.B. 41:179 

1702 Dec. 12 Schuyler, Arent, and Swantie Dyckhuyse G.B.R. 1: 3 
1700 May Schuyler, CathaHna, and Jacobus Schuyler G.B.R. 3:lt)4 

1700 May Schuyler, Jacobus, and Cathalina Schuyler G.B.R. 3:194 
1696 July 26 Schuyler, Margaret, and Robt. Livingston, Junr. 

G.B.R. 3: 94 

1704 Nov. 7 Schuyler, Margerett, and Charles Oliver G.B.R. 2: 27 
1693 Oct. 23 Schuyler, Meyndert, and Rachel Cuyler G.B.R. 2:142 

1691 Oct. 1 Schuyler, MaJ. Peter, and Maria Van Ranselaer 

O.B.R. 4: 31 

1703 Sep. 14 Schyler, Gerard, and Aegie De Groot G.B.R. 2: 25 
1780 May 13 Seloover, Getty, and John Colls M.B. 29: 54 
1763 Mar. 16 Seloover, James, and Catherine Alstine M.B. 7:100 
1696 Aug. 1 Selsby, John, and Sarah Thompson G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 June 22 Sennett, Christopher, and Huner Maloney M.B. 41:166 
1756 Jan. 10 Serle, John, and Martha Smith M.B. 41: 73 
1687 May 31 Seward, Humphry, and Sophia Dewitt L. W. 92 

1698 Sep. 5 Sexton, Judith, and Joshua Burle G.B.R. 3:193 
1758 Aug. 18 Shadwick, Deborah, and Richard Norwood M.B. 41:218 

1705 Nov. 12 Sharroke, Thomas, and Margaret Poste G.B.R. 2: 28 

1701 Ap. 5 Shaw, PrisciUa, and John Stevens G.B.R. 3:194 

1692 Ap. 20 Shaw, Thomas, and Anna Hancock G.B.R. 4: 32 
1701 Oct 3 Shelston, Prudence, and William Dorton G.B.R 2:142 



•^8 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1703 Ap. 10 Shepard, John, and Ruth Davis G.B.R. 1: 13 

1702 Nov. 27 Shrieve, Sarah, and John Heerman G.B.R. 1: 3 

1702 Nov. 28 Shukey, Frances, and John Auboyneau G.B.R. 1: 3 

1702 Ap. 25 Sidman, Mary, and Moses I^angstaffe G.B.R. 3:195 
1752-56 Simeson, Cornelous, and Elizabeth Depue CM. 82: 62 
1781 Oct. 3 Simmons, Jane, and John Weeks M.B. 33: 83 
1706 Mar. 5 Simmons, Solomon, and Mary Mott G.B.R. 2: 28 
1694 Nov. 2 Simms, Lancaster, and Katharine Larkin G.B.R. 3: 92 

1758 July 22 Simonsen, Margaret, and Jacob Bufflere M.B. 41:191 
1769 May 19 Simonson, Charity, and Abraham Martino M.B. 14:103 

1759 Ap. 19 Simorson, Altje, and Harmanus Garretson M.B. 2:247 
1676 July 27 Simpson, Elizabeth Wattells, and Jeremiah Reder 

W.O.P. 3:203 

1698 Feb. 7 Singleton, Jane, and Joseph T^atham G.B.R. 3:193 

1703 Feb. 28 Sinhorn, Martha, and Roger Mompesson G.B.R. 2; 28 
1758 Aug. 9 Sise, Hannah, and William Hancock M.B. 41:208 

1700 Feb. 14 Skelding, Tho. and Rebecca Astin G.B.R. 3:194 
1691 Oct. 30 Skelton, Robert, and Alse Throgmorton G.B.R. 4: 31 
1756 Ap. 27 Skinner, Isaac, and Hannah Alien M.B. 41:116 
1694 Dec. 26 Slade, Peter, and Margery WIslake G.B.R. 3: 92 

1699 May 11 Sleade, Majory L. and Richard Sackett G.B.R. 3:193 
1687-88 Jan.l7 Slegge, Christopher, and Elizabeth Small L.W. 103 
1758 Aug. 30 Sleght, Johannes, and Gerritje Van Bunschooten 

i ' M.B. 41:233 

1693 June27 Sleigh, Charles, and Sarah Purrington G.B.R. 2:142 

165K5 Dec. 19 Sloot, Helltle, and Zebulon Carter G.B.R. 3: 91 

1758 June 13 Slover, Isaa<?, and Maria Johnson M.B. 41:154 
1687-88 Jan. 17 Small, Elizabeth, and Christopher Slegge L.W. 103 
1756 Ap. 7 Smith, Ann, and Benjamin Hnit M.B. 41:106 
1698 July 11 Smith, Ann, and Robert Everinden G.B.R. 3:193 
1752 Dec. 13 Smith, Anne, and John Burnet M.B. 41: 24 
1698 Oct. 25 Smith, Bamardus, and Elsey Meyers G.B.R. 3:193 

1704 June30 Smith, Bemardus, and Johanne Hading G.B.R. 2: 27 
1703 Nov. 22 Smith, Charles, and Aleda Hunlrk G.B.R. 2: 25 

1701 Oct. 25 Smith, Deborah, and Thomas Cockling G.B.R. 2:142 
1752-56 Smith, Ebel, and Peter Grudlne CM. 82: 62 

1759 Nov. 15 Smith, Edward, and Mary Honey man M.B. 2:495 

1703 May 6 Smith, Elizabeth, and Bpenetus Platte G.B.R. 1: 13 
1697 Nov. 15 Smith, Else, and William Willkission G.B.R. 3:192 
1756 Mar. 19 Smith, Gilbert, and Abigail Vandewater M.B. 41: 97 
1701 June24 Smith, Hanah, and John Thompson G.B.R. 3:194 

1696 Ap. 13 Smith, Mrs Hannah, and Andrew Gibb G.B.R. 3: 93 
1756 Ap. 5 Smith, Henry, and Margery Whlley M.B. 41:103 
1758 June24 Smith, Jemima, and Stephen Wood M.B. 41:167 

1697 Sep. 17 Smith, John, and Hannah Phlps G.B.R. 3:192 

1704 Mar. 14 Smith, Johnathan, and Elizabeth Piatt G.B.R. 2: 26 



SUPPLEMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 89 

1C95 July 8 Smith, Joseph, and Margt Barents G.B.R. 3: 92 

1697 Aug. 14 Smith, Margaret, and Thomas Parmiter G.B.R. 3:192 

1756 Jan. 10 Smith, Martha, and John Serle M.B.41: 73 

1692 July 8 Smith, Mary, and Joseph Blydenburgh G.B.R. 4: 32 

17r»3 Feb. 20 Smith, Samuel,-and Elizabeth Mott M.B. 41: 62 

1702 Dec. 22 Smith. William, and Susanna Monvlelle G.B.R. 1: 3 
1701 Nov. 10 Snedeker, Janeke, and Suert Olpherts G.B.R. 3:194 

1758 Sep. 1 Snedeker, Richard, and Elizabeth Van Bummill M.B. 41:239 

1759 Nov. 3 Sneden, Abraham, and Rachael Swartout M.B. 2:488 
1758 Aug. 24 Somendyck, Isaac, and Anne Bush M.B. 41:229 
1758 July 17 Somerindike, Abigail, and Samuel Wall ' M.B. 41:188 

1694 July 9 Souward, Mary, and Edmond Thomas G.B.R. 3: 92 
1704 Nov. 14 Sparks, Elizabeth, and John Trevitt G.B.R. 2: 27 
1758 June21 Speir, Gertniyd, and John Poulison M3. 41:163 

1695 May 28 Spencer, James, and Mary Caxly G.B.R. 3: 92 
1701 July 3 Splinter, Lyntie, and Andrew Ten Brooke G.B.R. 3:194 
1752-56 Spragg, Sary, and Cornelous Cortejyou CM. 82: 62 
1704 Oct. 18 Si»ringsteen, Geertrey, and WilUam MUler G.B.R. 2: 27 
1695 July 24 Springsten, Caspar, and Jannetie Jacobs G.B.R. 3: 92 
1753 Feb. 24 Sprong, Catharin, and Andrew Mannell M.B. 41: 61 
1706 Jan. 31 Staats, Agenietie, and Abraham Messelaer G.B.R. 2: 28 
1701 Oct. 12 Staats, Barent, and Nieltje Gerrets G.B.R. 2:142 

1704 June22 S(taats, Sarah, and Isaac Gouverneur G.B.R. 2: 26 

1692 May 14 Stale. Katharine, and Anthony Pintard G.B.R. 4: 32 

1703 July 19 Stephance, Lucas, and Catherine Van Dyke G.B.R, 2: 25 

1699 Aug. 18 Steuard, Alexander, and Coraelia Depheyster G.B.R. 2:142 
1701 Ap. 7 Stevens, John, and Priscilla Shaw G.B.R. 3:194 

1695 Sep. 30 Stevens, Mary, and Jesse Kipp G.B.R. 3: 92 

1700 Feb. 14 Stevens, Susanna, and Robert Nesbett G.B.R. 3:194 

1705 Dec. 24 Stevense, AUite, and Harmanus Brughman G.B.R. 2: 28 
1705 Jan. 13 Stevenson, Charity, and Tho. Willett G.B.R. 2: 27 
1753 Feb. 19 Stevenson, Daniel, and Hannah Pell M.B. 41: 59 
1756 Ap. 23 Stevenson, Edward, and Rebecca Griffin M.B. 41:113 

1693 June 26 Stevenson, Elizth, and George Anderson. G.B.R. 2:142 
1752 Dec. 1 Stevenson, Elizabeth, and James Stewart M.B.41: 7 

1696 Ap. 6 Stevenson, Janetie, and John Lawrence G.B.R. 3: 93 
1752 Dec. 1 Stewart, James, and Elizabeth Stevenson M.B.41: 7 

1703 Aug. 7 Stewart, John, and Rebecca Adams G.B.R. 2: 25 
1770 Dec. 19 Sttymets, Christopher, and Rachel Roome M.B. 16:301 
1763 Oct. 22 Steymetz, Abraham, and Syuthia Van Orden M.B. 7:400 
1758 Aug. 29 Stillwell, Cath. and Charles Hamilton M.B. 41:231 
1698 Dec. 23 Stillwell, Mary, and Thomas Walton G.B.R. 3:193 

1704 Feb. 10 Stillwell, Mary, and Valentine Dushen G.B.R. 2: 26 
1703 Dec. 6 Stillwell, Nicholas, and Elizabeth Cornell G.B.R. 2: 26 
1703 Ap. 9 SUllwell, Thomas, and Ellis Throgmorton G.B.R. 1: 13 

1705 Sep. 3 Stilwell, Richd. and Debora Cowne G.B.R. 2: 28 



40 



NEW YORK STATS LIBRARY 



1696 June 


29 


1755 Aug. 


26 


1695 July 


8 


17(M Dec. 


8 


1758 July 11 


1758 June 19 


1756 June 11 


1704 Aug. 


7 


1695 Oct 


28 


1704 July 


20 


1706 Nov. 


23 


1699 Aug. 


18 


1758 Aug. 


1 


1756 Mar. 


11 


1752 Dec. 


15 


1753 Jan. 


23 


1702 Nov. 


19 


1706 Ap. 


19 


1703 Mar. 


17 


171/2 Mar. 


23 


1705 June 11 


1698 Nov. 


4 


1703 May 22 


1<56 May 22 


1703 May 


2 


1703 Sep. 


3 


1696 July 


8 


1758 June30 


1756 Jan. 


28 


1704 Nov. 


8 


1698 Nov. 


4 


1693 Oct. 


25 


1703 Aug. 


31 


1695 Jan. 


(I 


1695 Nov. 


16 


1697 Sep. 


24 


1752 Dec. 


4 


1706 Jan. 


19 


1699 Aug. 

1 


4 


1 

1701 Nov. 


3 


1696 June 


9 


1756 June 10 



G.B.R. 3: 93 

M.B. 1:156 

G.B.R. 3: 92 

G.B.R. 2: 27 

M.B. 41:182 

M.B. 41:161 



Stilwell, Sarah, and Richard Crego 

Stimes, Jasper, and Susannah Brower 

Stollard, Giles, and Elissabeth Tuder 

Stone, Mydar, and Angletie Moll 

Storm, Peter, and Oatalintie Van Dyke 

Stout, Abigail, and John Agnew 

Stoutenburg, Annatle, and Jacobus Van Vleck M.B. 41:142 

Stoutenburgh, Catherine, and Nicholas Vanderspeigel 

G.B.R. 2: 26 
Strangnish, Katrine, and John Button G.B.R. 3: 92 

Strateham, Thomas, and Altie Mnn G.B.R. 2: 26 

Stratton, Martha, and John Adams G.B.R. 2: 28 

Streard, Alexander, and Cornelia Dishington G.B.R. 3:193 



M.B. 41:198 

M.B. 41: 94 

M.B. 41: 27 

M.B. 41: 49 

G.B.R. 1: 3 

G.B.R. 2: 27 

G.B.R. 1: 13 

G.B.R. 3:194 

G.B.R. 2: 27 



Strelt, Godfreyd, and Hannah Bown 
Strickland, Mary, and Isaac Bogert 
Striker, Proebe, and John Cargill 
Stringham, Mary, and Jeremiah Burrows 
Struddle, Elizabeth, and Abram Van Laer 
Strycker, Peter, and Margareta Sehenk 
Stuart, Alexander, and Catharine Rivilie 
Studd, Thomas, and Catherine Pearsall 
Stuyvesant, Anne, and Tho. Pritchard 

Stuyvesant, Elizabeth, and George Sydenham G.B.R. 3:193 

Suert, Ogrhert, and Hellegoud Luyckas G.B.R. 1: 13 

Sulvane, John, and Mary King M.B. 41:133 

Sunsorke, John, and Eve Hulgrave G.B.R. 1: 13 

Swanenburgh, Hannafan, and John Johnson G.B.R. 2: 2 

fewann, Helena, and Daniel Dunscomb G.B.R. 3: 93 

Swart, Dirick, and Annatie Vandesee M.B. 41:172 

Sweeny, Lawrence, and Martha McDowal M.B. 41: o2 

Sweroer, Andrew, and Elizabeth DeVore G.B.R. 2: 27 

Sydenham, George, and Elizabeth Stuyvesant G.B.R. 3:193 

Symonse, Ilenryck, and Ariaentie Samuell G.B.R. 2:142 

Tappen, Grittie, and Derrick Schepmodt G.B.R. 2: 25 

Tasher, John, and Mrs. Anna Lightfoott G.B.R. 4: 31 

Tayler, Mary, and Thomas Burroughs G.B.R. 3: 03 

Tayler, Walter, and Delivenance Graves G.B.R. 3:192 

l^ylor, William, and Wyenefried Mapack M.B. 41: 8 

Teller, William, and Maria Van Pricht G.B.R. 2: 28 
Ten Broeck, Effey, and Lodwyck Vander Burgh 

G.B.R. 2:142 

Ten Broek, Christina, and Johanes Van Allen G.B.R. 3:194 
Ten Broeke, Cornelia, and Johannus Wynkoop 

G.B.R. 3: 93 

Ten Brook, Jeremiah, and Moritle Van Alen M.B. 41:141 



SUPrLEMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 41 

1701 July 3 Ten Brooke, Andrew, and Lyntle Splinter G.B.R. 3:194 

1704 June 23 Teneve, Stephen, and Neltie Folleman G.B.E. 2: 26 

1704 Mar. 3 Tennike, Hendrika. and Johannes Van Orde G.B.R. 2: 26 

1701 Feb. 21 Tenyck, Jacob, and Nulie Hardenburgh G.B.R. 3:194 
17r)8 July 6 Terry, Calharine, and Niel Wilkinson M.B. 41:174 

1702 Ap. 25 Teunlsse, Deyna, and Mereyes RoUitse G.B.R. 3:195 

1700 May Thavet, Peter, and Susannah Vergereau G.B.R. 3:194 

1705 July 19 Theobalds, John, and Euson Tuder G.B.R. 2: 27 

1703 June 18 Thibowe, William, and Mary Du Tay G.B.R. 2: 25 
1694 July 9 Thomas, Edmond, and Mary Souward G.B.R. 3: 92 
1753 Mar. 10 Thomas, John Junr. and Bathseba Palmer M.B. 41: 22 

1701 June24 Thompson, John, and Hanah Smith G.B.R. 3:194 

1696 Aug. 1 Thompson, Sarah, and John Selsby G.B.R. 3: 93 

1704 Oct. 16 Thong, Walter, and Sarah Van Dam G.B.R. 2: 27 

1705 Ap. 11 Thorn, Samuel, Junr. and Hannah Doughty G.B.R. 2: 27 
1()96 Oct. 14 Thorne, Elizabeth, and Rigebell Mott G.B.R. 3: 93 

1699 Aug. 29 Thome, Richard, and Phebe Denton G.B.R. 2:142 

1701 Ap. 7 Thorne, Sarah, and Roger Pedley G.B.R. 3:194 

1694 Jan. Thomson, Sarah, and Edward Coats G.B.R. 3: 91 

1705 June 9 Thoxter, Mary, and Thomas Dawson G.B.R. 2: 27 

1697 Dec. 8 Throgmartin, Sarah, and Moses Lipet G.B.R. 3:192 
1691 Oct. 30 Throgmorton, Alse, and Robert Skelton G.B.R. 4: 31 
1703 Ap. 9 Throgmorton, Ellis, and Thomas Stillwell G.B.R. 1: 13 

1703 July 6 Throgmorton, Patience, and Hugh Gorvard G.B.R. 2: 25 

1752 Dec. 22 Thurman, Francis, and Susannah Mathews M.B. 41: 34 

1702 Oct. 26 Thurman, Ralph, and Mary Clouder G.B.R. 1: 3 

1706 Jan. 16 Tier, Jannitie, and Johannes Hoogland G.B.R. 2: 28 

1700 Feb. 14 Tiller, Andrew, and Ann Verplanck G.B.R. 3:194 
16W Oct. 11 TiUer, Helena, and Philip Wilkison G.B.R. 3: 92 
1706 Jan. 12 Tillett, James, and Sarah Lawrence G.B.R. 2: 27 

1704 Ap. 20 Timber, Oomelius, and Cornelia Myer G.B.R. 2: 26 

1701 Aug. 7 Timmer, Jane, and Thomas Evans G.B.R. 3:194 

1698 July 5 Tindell, Margaret, and John Hopper G.B.R. 3:193 

1753 Mar. 5 Titus, Abial, and Rene Satterly M.B.41: 63 

1699 Dec. 20 Titus, Theunis, and Mary Barre G.B.R. 3:193 
1758 Aug. 12 Tomkins, Joseph, and Mary Hyatt M.B. 41:210 
1706 Feb. 1 Townsend, John, and Rose Cole G.B.R. 2: 28 

1705 Mar. 8 Toy, Daniel, and Frances Wessels G.B.R. 2: 27 
1756 Feb. 2 Tredwell, Charity, and John Jackson M.B. 41: 84 

1696 Aug. 12 Tregeuny, Humphrey, and Brook esbanck G.B.R. 3: 9i 

17(M Nov. 14 Trevitt, John, and Elizabeth Sparks G.B.R. 2: 27 

1704 Nov. 15 Troup, John, and Elizabeth Tunnwell G.B.R. 2: 27 
1758 Aug. 8 Tucker, Daniel, and Elizabeth Piatt M.B. 41:207 

1695 July 8 Tuder, Elizabeth, and Giles Stollard G.B.R. 3: 92 

1705 July 19 Tuder, Euson, and John Theobalds G.B.R. 2: 27 
1690 Nov. 27 Tuder, Frances, and John Righton G.B.R. 3: 93 



42 NEW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

1695 Ap. 20 Tuder, John, and Affle Van Hoorn G.B.R. 3: 92 

1(51)7 Sep. 9 Tuder, Capt. John, and Mary Brett G.B.R, 3:192 

1704 Nov. 15 Tunnwell, Elizabeth, and John Troup G.B.R. 2: 27 

1752 Nov. 30 Turner, Ann, and Silvanus Dillingham M.B. 41: 2 
1758 Aug. 14 Turner, Elizabeth, and George Davis M.B. 41:212 
1701 May 24 Turner, Elizabeth, and Robert Dale G.B.R. 3:194 
1758 June 19 Turner, William, and Margaret Weeton M.B. 41:160 

1695 Oct. 11 TTnderhill, Sarah, and Joseph Budd G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 Aug. 14 Underwood, Joanna, and William Cline . M.B. 41:213 

1705 Mar. 20 Upton, Beetle, and James Jamison G.B.R. 2: 27 
1697 Oct 9 Uthuee, Margaret Symonse, and Jan Dehance G.B.R. 3:192 

1T52 Dec. 1 Vader, Catharin, and David Groesbeck, Junr. M.B. 41: 6 

1753 Jan. 31 Valentine, Charity, and Daniel Cornell M.B. 41: 53 
1(;92 Nov. 19 Vallou, Stephen, and Mary Gallais G.B.R. 2:141 
1756 June 10 Van Alen, Maritie, and Jeremiah Ten Brook M.B. 41:141 
1701 Nov. 3 Van Allen, Johanes, and Christina Ten Broek G.B.R. 3:194 
1704 Jan. 7 Van Aps, Anna, and Conradus Gettike G.B.R. 2: 26 
1756 Feb. 5 Van Arman, Johannes, and Alida Vanderheyden M.B. 41: 86 
1761 Nov. 19 Vanausdalla, Lambertie, and Cornelius Amerman 

M.B. 5:233 

1697 Dec. 13 Van Baal, Margaret, and Capt. Nicholas Evorste 

G.B.R. 3:192 

1704 May 4 Van Boursen, Femmetie, and John Milldrum G.B.R. 2: 26 

1706 Jan. 15 Van Brackeling, Stephen, and Dina Bley G.B.R. 2: 28 

1696 July 6 van Brugen, Johannes, and Margaret Provoost G.B.R. 3: 93 
1696 July 20 van Brughen, Mary, and Stephen Richard G.B.R. 3: 93 
1758 Sep. 1 Van Bummill, Elizabeth, and Richard Snedeker 

M.B. 41:239 

1758 Aug. 30 Van Bunschooten, Gerritje, and Johannes Sleght 

M.B. 41:233 

1095 July 1 van Bursum, Margt, and Cornelius Low G.B.R. 3: 92 

1695 Nov. 8 van Bursum, Mary Anne, and Lewis Bougeaud 

G.B.R. 3: 93 

1693 Feb. 20 Van Clyff, Cornelia, and Benjamin Norwx)od G.B.R. 2:142 

1(;U6 Aug. 1 Van Clyff, Elizabeth, and John Bentie G.B.R. 3: 93 

1094 Ap. 16 Van Clyff, Kath'e, and John Loring G.B.R. 3: 91 

1704 Oct. 4 Van Clyff, Margarott, and Peter Burtell G.B.R. 2: 27 

1701 Oct. 8 Van Oortlandt, Maria, and Kiliaen Van Renselaer 

G.B.R. 2:142 

1691 May 7 Van Courtland, Jacobus, and Evah Phillips G.B.R. 4: 31 

1702 Aug. 27 Van Dalsen, Margarett, and Martinus Oregler G.B.R. 3:195 
1756 Ap. 12 Van Dalssen, Dennis, and Rachel Cuyper M.B. 41:108 
1704 Oct. 16 Van Dam. Sarah, and Walter Thong G.B.R. 2: 27 
ins June 8 Van Dar Vort, Jacob, and Margaret Bennet M.B. 20:141 



BUPPLBMBNT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 43 

1758 Sep. 1 Vandenbergh, Altle, and Wines Manney M.B. 41:238 

1758 July 12 Vandeubergh, Antje, and Abraham Wimple M.B. 41:183 

1705 Ap. 11 Vandenbergh, Else, and Thomas Rainford G.B.R. 2: 27 
1G94 Oct. 11 Vandenbergh, Hend*k Jansen, and Mary Ann Burton 

G.B.R. 3: 92 
1758 Aug. 30 \ andenbergh, Maretje, and Wynant V. Vandenbergh 

M.B. 41:234 
1758 Aug. 30 Vandenbergh, Wynant V. and Maretje Vandenbergh 

M.B. 41:234 
1756 Feb. 5 Vandenheyden, Alida, and Johannes Van Arman 

M.B. 41: 86 

1702 Oct. 20 Vanderbeeck, Oonraxlus, and Caitherine Oock G.B.R. 1: 3 
1752-56 Vanderbilt, Phebe, and Cristifer Garrison CM. 82: 62 
1699 Sep. 29 Vander Burgh, Ck>rnelia, and John White G.B.R. 2:142 

1699 Aug. 4 Vander Burgh, Ivodwyck, and Eflfey Ten Broeck 

G.B.R. 2:142 

1700 Ap. 18 Vander Heule, Ilendrickes, and Marytie Meyers 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1695 Jan. 31 van der Heyden, Antie, and Paul Miller G.B.R. 3: 92 

1758 Aug. 5 Vanderheyden, Johannes, and Mary Butler M.B. 41:205 

1697 Jan. 9 Vanderheyden, Johannes, and Mary Wooden G.B.R. 3:192 

1758 July 10 Vanderheyder, Derick, and Sarah Wendell M.B. 41:177 

1699 Nov. 9 Vanderhuel, Johannus, and Janitje Rosevest G.B.R. 3:193 

1697 Oct. 20 Vanderhule, ffemmie, and Benjamin Wyncoop G.B.R. 3:192 

1701 June 21 Vanderpolle, Katherine, and Peter Hardenbrugh 

G.B.R. 3:194 

1697 Feb. 11 Vanderpool, Gerrijt, and Debomh Warm G.B.R. 3: 93 

1703 Jan. 28 Van derrere [Van Dervere], Dominius, and Maria 

Margaretta Van Orteck G.B.R. 1: 13 

1704 Aug. 7 Vanderspeigel, Nicholas, and Catherine Stoutenburgh 

G.B.R. 2: 26 
1691 Sep. 20 Vanderspiegel, James, and Ann Sanders G.B.R. 4: 32 

1758 June30 Vandersee, Annaitle, and Dirick Swart M.B. 41:172 

1756 Mar. 22 Van der Voort, Sarah, and Jan Lodewick Dunkel 

M.B.41: 98 

1701 July 23 Vande Spegel, Agenitie, and John Cauley G.B.R. 3:194 
1756 Mar. 19 Vandewater, AbigaU, and Gilbert Smith M.B. 41: 97 

1698 Dec. 23 Vandewater, Hendrycke, and Anthony Rutherse 

G.B.R. 3:193 

1702 Ap. 22 Van Deycke, Emeltie, and Petrus Kip G.B.R. 3:194 
1752-56 Vandick, Kias, and Ann Andrewnat G.M. 82: 62 
1753 Mar. 27 Van Duersen, Catherina, and Isaac Goes M.B.41: 14 
1752 Dee. 16 Vanduerson, Heyla, and John Wright M.B. 41: 30 
1752 Dec. 22 Van Duyn, Mocletia, and William Brower M.B.41: 35 

1703 Sep. 14 Van Dycke, Eunnetle, and Albert de Vrees G.B.R. 2: 25 
1758 July 11 Van Dyke, Catalintje, and Peter Storm M.B. 41:182 



44 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1703 July 19 Van Dyke, Catherine, and Lucas Stephance G.B.R. 2: 25 

1701 Aug. 25 Van Dyke, Francis, and Fyche Direcks G.B.R. 2:142 

1700 Feb. 14 Van Dyke, Mary, and Hans Harmensen G.B.R. 3:194 
1756 June 7 Van Evera, Myndert, and Maiy Dawson M.B. 41:139 

1704 Mar. 4 Vanfford, Elizabeth, and Arnold Vrltle G.B.R. 2: 26 

1702 Ap. 25 Van Fleckt, Hester, and Isaac Fredricks G.B.R. 3:195 
1772 May 31) Vangwaggenen, Sarah, and Thilip Harmanoe M.B. 18:127 
1756 Mar. 29 Van Haugle, Eliz. and Jonas Outhout M.B. 41:101 
1698 Aug. 22 van Heyninge, Janitye, and Matthis Low G.B.R. 3:193 
1696 May 7 van Hoist, Anna, and Stephen Buckenhoven G.B.R. 3: 94 

1705 Ap. 10 Van Hook, Evert, and NeUtle Jacobs G.B.R. 2: 27 
1695 Ap. 20 Van Hoom, Affle, and John Tuder G.B.R. 3: 92 

1705 Jan. 11 Van Hoom, Aphla, and Enoch Mackelson G.B.R. 2: 27 
1693 June 14 Van Hoorn, Gerryt, and Altle Provoost G.B.R. 4: 32 
1693 Mar. 20 Van Hoorn, John, and Cathrina Meybl G.B.R. 2:142 
1756 Jan. 9 Van Home, Catharine, and John Le Conte, Junr M.B. 41: 72 
1687 Mar. 26 Van Home, Janike, and Reyneir Van Sickland L.W. 88 

1701 June 26 Vanhoven, Mary, and Peter Bant G.B.R. 3:194 
1758 June 10 Van Kleef, Famytje, and Jacob Cussouw M.B. 41:149 

1702 Nov. 19 Van Laer, Abram, and Elizabeth Stmddle G.B.R. 1: 3 
1753 Jan. 22 Van Law^ Sarah, and Thomas Doran M.B. 41: 47 
1758 July 15 Van Name, Simon, and Mary Mesereau M.B. 41:186 
1701 Oct. 27 Van Newenhuysen, William, and Elizabeth De Haert 

G.B.R. 2:142 
1704 Sep. 16 Van Noostrandt, Margerett, and Oornelise Jansen 

G.B.R. 2: 26 
1756 Ap. 5 Van Northstrand, William, and Catharine De Vou 

M.B. 41:105 
1695 June 19 van Nuwcnhuysen, Catrina, and Martinus Lamberts 

G.B.R. 3: 92 
1704 Mar. 3 Van Orde, Johannes, and Hendrika Tennike G.B.R. 2: 26 

1703 Jan. 28 Van Orteck, Maria Margaretta, and Dominius Van derrere 

G.B.R. 1: 13 
1752-56 Vanpelt, John and Mary Jonge CM. 82: 62 

1756 Jan. 7 Van Pelt, Mary, and John Foy M.B. 41: 71 

1706 Jan. 19 Van Pricht, Maria, and William Teller G.B.R. 2: 28 
1691 Oct. 1 Van Ranselaer, Maria, and Ma J. Peter Schuyler 

G.B.R. 4: 31 
1701 Oct. 8 Van Renselaer, Kiliaen, and Maria Van Cortlandt 

G.B.R. 2:142 
1695 June 20 van Schaick, Anna Mary, and John Oortlandt 

GJB.R. 3: 92 
1752 Dec. 1 Van Schaik, Stephen, and Jane Bratt M.B. 41: 5 

1706 Feb. 27 Van Seckler, Jannitie, and Adrien Lane G.B.R. 2: 28 
1687 Mar. 26 Van Sickland, Reyneir. and Janike Van Home 

L.W. 5: 88 



SUPPLBMENT TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 45 

1694 June 22 Van Strydt, John, and Johanna Lewis G.B.R. 3: 92 

1(>94 Nov. 23 Van Teuyl, Ellz'th, and WUliam TeU G.B.R. 3: 92 

1703 July 26 Van Tright, Elizabeth, and Michael Saatton G.B.R. 2: 26 

1700 Nov. 26 Van Valkenburgh, Catherine, and David Van Schaick 

M.B. 3:446 

1753 Jan. 31 Van Veeten, Annatye, and Peter de Wandeler 

M.B.41: 54 

1758 July 29 Van Vey, Mary, and Aron Devoe M.B. 41:195 

1756 June 11 Van Vleck, Jacobus, and Annatie Stoutenburgh 

M.B. 41:142 

1607 Jan. 26 Van Vlecq, Kathalina, and Abraham Kip G.B.R. 3: 93 

1606 June 8 van Vlecque, Magdalen, and Henricus Kip G.B.R. 3: 94 

1703 Nov. 27 Van Weeselew, Cornelia, and Martin Schenck G.B.R. 2: 25 

1704 June 23 Van Wiukel, Albert, and Meritie Deerby G.B.R. 2: 26 
1753 Mar. 26 Van Woort, Jacob, and Rachael Gardiner M.B. 41: 13 
1753 Mar. 12- Van Wyck, Thomas, and Rachel Eldert M.B. 41: 65 
1752 Dec. 30 Van Zandt, Tobias, and Mary Dike M.B. 41: 36 

1701 May 10 Varick, Johanna, and Albert Willet G.B.R. 3:194 
1687 June 24 Vaughton, Michaell, and Susannah Leislaer L.W. 99 
1704 Mar. 7 Vaughton, Susannah, and Leonard Huygen De Kleyn 

G.B.R. 2: 26 

1782 May 17 Veaber, William, and Catharine Hieth M.B. 36: 5 

1700 Ap. 27 Veet, John, and Katharine Meyers G.B.R. 3:194 

1700 May Vergereau, Susannah, and Peter Thavet G.B.R. 3:194 

1756 Ap. 2 Vermilya, Isaa<:, and Susannah Myer M.B. 41:102 

1700 Feb. 14 Verplanck, Ann, and Andrew Tiller G.B.R. 3:194 

1701 Oct. 27 Verplank, Margaret, and John Collins G.B.R. 3:194 

1702 Mar. 23 Verwyde, Elizabeth, and Joeeph Prosser G.B.R. 3:19i 

1698 Mar. 1 Vesey, William, and Mary Reade G.B.R. 3:193 
1693 Ap. 10 Vielle, Cornelius, and Catharine Bogardus G.B.R. 2:142 
1700 Feb. 14 Vincent, Francis, and Ann Lynch G.B.R. 3:194 
1704 May 10 Vincent, Joan, and Frederick Fine G.B.R. 2: 26 

1700 Ap. 27 Vincent, Mary, and John Gindett G.B.R. 3:194 
170G Oct. 6 Vorckinflon, Mary, and Thomas Ming G.B.R. 2: 28 
1756 June 4 Vredenburgh, Catharine, and Robert Hall M.B. 41:138 

1701 June Vreland, Johanes, and Mareya Cregers G.B.R. 3:194 

1703 May 12 Vrikers, Johanna, and Edward Blagge G.B.R. 1: 13 

1704 Mar. 4 Vrille, Arnold, and Elizabeth Vanfford G.B.R. 2: 26 
1696 Feb. 17 Vyland, David, and Elizth Henry G.B.R. 3: 93 

1705 July 19 Walcraf, David, and Elizabeth Field G.B.R. 2: 27 
1704 Oct. 27 WaldPon, John, and Cornelia Hardenbrook G.B.R. 2: 27 

1699 Dec. 16 Waldron, Judith, and Isaah Lelonor G.B.R. 3:193 

1706 Ap. 12 Walker, Thomas, and Elizabeth Redott G.B.R. 2: 28 
1693 Sep. 4 Walkington, Mary, and Roger Baker G.B.R. 2:142 
1758 July 17 Wall, Samuel, and Abigail Somerindike M.B. 41:188 



46 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1758 Juuel3 Wallace, William, and Sarah Hall M.B. 41:155 

1757 Dec. 30 Walsh, Peter, and Mary Bennet M.B. 1:761 
1098 Dec. 23 Walton, Thomas, and Mary Stlllwell G.B.R. 3:193 

1698 Aug. 30 Walton, William, and Mary Sandford G.B.R. 3:193 

1702 May 14 Wandall, Abram, and Catherine De Key G.B.R. 3:195 

1704 Sep. 7 Wander, Marj-, and Barent Saunders G.B.R. 2: 26 
1753 Jan. 31 Wanderier, Peter de, and Annatje Van Vecten M.B. 41: 54 
1697 Oct. 29 Ward, Israel, and Hannah Hutson G.B.R. 3:192 
1692 Oct. 3 Ware, Jacob, and Elizabeth Osbume G.B.R. 4: 32 

1697 Feb. 11 Warm, Deborah, and Gerrijt Vanderpool G.B.R. 3: 93 

1705 May 15 Warne, Francis, and Sarah Hays G.B.R. 2: 27 

1755 Dec. 31 Warner, Mary, and James Pudney M.B. 41: 67 
1705 Dec. 19 Warner, William, and Anne De Gray G.B.R. 2: 28 
1705 June26 Warren, William, and Margariet Oyan G.B.R. 2: 27 
1691 Oct. 30 Washbourne, Sarah, and Isaac Arnold G.B.R. 4: 31 

1704 Oct. 14 Washurne. John, and Hannah Hallett G.B.R. 2: 27 
1753 Jan. 3 Waters, Talman, and Mary Lawrence M.B. 41: 25 

1703 Aug. 28 Watliay, Alexander, and Mary Bresty G.B.R. 2: 25 

1699 Ap. 17 Watson, Ann, and Thomas Drincall G.B.R. 3:193 

1756 Mar. 18 Watson, Mary, and William McKim M.B. 41: 96 
1756 May 19 Watson, Samuel, and Christian Pollort M.B. 41:129 

1705 Dec. 28 Watts, Robert, and Mary Nichols G.B.R. 2: 28 
1098 Dec. 12 Way, Elizabeth, and William Osboru G.B.R. 3:193 
1756 Jan. 2 Webber, Conielius, and Jane Willson M.B. 41: 68 

1696 Aug. 8 Weelis, Zachariah, and Katherine Meyer G.B.R. 3: 93 

1758 June 19 Weeton, Margt. and William Turner M.B. 41:160 
1758 June 10 Welch, Elenor, and Oliver Howlen M.B. 41:151 
1758 July 11 Welch, John, and Elizabeth Dean M.B. 41:181 
1764 Feb. 21 Wells, Jane, and James Richey M.B. 8: 67 

1698 Dec. 8 Wells, Jane, and John Hancock G.B.R. 3:193 
1758 July 10 Wendell, Sarah, and Derick Vanderheyder M.B. 41:177 
1705 Mar. 8 Wessels, Frances, and Daniel Toy G.B.R. 2: 27 
1694 Jan. 25 West, Mrs Ann, and Robert Wharton G.B.R. 3: 91 

1697 Nov. 17 West, William, and Mary Bingham G.B.R. 3:192 
1766 Sep. 29 Wetbeck, Peter, and Marj- Van Alon M.B. 10:110* 
1694 Jan. 25 Wharton, Robert, and Mrs Ann West G.B.R. 3: 91 
1758 Aug. 1 Wheeler, Isaac, and Eliz. Bears M.B. 41:197 
1696 Jan. 13 Wheeler, James, and Elizabeth Meek G.B.R. 3: 93 

Whiley, Margery, and Henry Smith M.B. 41:103 

White, Caleb, and Mary Lynch M.B. 41:192 

White, Jane, and Santfoi-dt G.B.R. 3:194 

White, John, and Cornelia Vauder Burgh G.B.R. 2:142 

White, Marj', and John French G.B.R. 3: 92 

Whitehead, Jonathan, and Sarah flield G.B.R. 3: 94 

Whitehead. Thomas, and Jane Creed G.B.R. 2: 26 

Whitman, Nathan, and Anne Britton G.B.R. 2: 26 



1756 A p. 


5 


1758 July 




1700 Feb. 


13 


1699 Sep. 


29 


1694 Oct. 


21 


1696 July 


23 


1703 Dec. 


24 


17(>i Ap. 


5 



Bt'PPL&MEST TO MARRIAGE LICENSES 

1603 Ap. 28 Wk-keD. Jobn, and Kalbrlnc FredrlekscD 
]Ti;2 Ap. 30 Wiokes, Tliomaf, and Sarati BruBb 

1T04 Feb. 1 Wlckham, John, and Jeniela Miller 

17G0 Oct. 22 Wlckoff. Nelly, and Peter I>ujBter 

ITfi" May 14 Wlckoff, Nlckles, and Aan Itapelyes 

1753 Mar. 29 Wleks, Jonathan, aud Ann Neltherway 

16D0 July 5 Wilde, Edey, and John Yoatcs 

1604 Ap. 7 Wilkins, rielenji, Jiuil Ben]. Cooper 
1607 Sep. 18 WHklnBen, Philip, and Jlsry Brazier 
1758 July 6 Wilkinson, Niel, and Catlmrinc Terry 
1604 Oct. 11 Wllklson. Philip, and Helena Tiller 
1761 Jan. 27 Will, Ellzabetb. and laaac Stoiitenbnrgb 
1602 Ap. 28 Wiilnte, Edw'd, and Mnrpfry Cirroe 

IfiiB Aug. 10 Wlllemke. , nnd ncovpi' Harwood 

1701 May 10 Wlllet, Albert, and J.>liiinii(i Vnri.k 

1604 May 9 Wlllet, Sarah, and Jacobus Dekcy 

1095 Aug. 24 Wlllet, TboniDB. end Sarab Ilinchman 

1607 Dec. 22 Wlllett, Mary, and Richard WlUett 

1703 Mar. 30 Wlllett, Richard, and Francis Tieravul 
1697 Dec. 22 Wlllett, Richard, and Mary Wlllett 
1705 Jan. 13 Wlllett, Tlio. and Charity StcTenson 
IC86-87 Jan.20 Williams. ICleiiuor. and Nicolas de Uorrls 
1(197 Dec. 30 Williams, George, and Kathriue Lloyd 
1753 Mar. IS Williams. John, and Phoebe Heavllaud 
1738 Jnne27 Williams. Mary, and Jolm Jti^rcy 

1704 Nov. 13 Williams. Mary, and Richard Greenfelld 

1705 May 2 Williams, Robt. and Jonimah Bert 

1701 Feb. 24 Williamson, Charles, and Mary Woolsey 

1702 Aug. 17 WllllaniKoti, Margnrf.'tt, mid Abr.am Emmons 
1701 Aug. 29 Willis, Arthur, and Jontma Carr 

1704 Mar. 29 Willis, Arthur, and Sarah Drakes 

1697 Not. 15 "\Villkis^i.,n. William, and Else Smith 
1756 Feb. 27 Willsey, Mary, and Fi-.Tiu-is Jacocks 
1756 Jan. 20 Willson, Abralinm. and Aim rtiaiin 
1687 Sep. 17 Willson. Ebenezer, and Marjarj' Dudley 
1701 Oct. 8 Willson, Isabella, and Georjje Maynord 
1756 Jan, 2 Willson. Jane, and Cornelius Webber 
17D6 May 2 Willson, John, and Catharine Bogardus 
1753 Mar. 20 Wllleon, John, and Mnry HalRlit 

175S June 15 Wilse. Margaret, and Heudrlck MIchelsen 

1752 Dec. 16 Wilse, Ituth, and Jobn Cooper 

1758 Aug. 2S Wilsey, Susannah, and Jnnies Nevln 

1698 Ap. 27 Wilson, Richard, iiml Kiilhiim.' Pugsley 
1752 Nov. 30 Wilson, Robert, and Kliz-Tbclh Richard 
1758 July 12 Wimple, Abraham, and Antje Vandenbergh 
1T58 Jan. 3 WInant, Daniel, and Bacbel Andrewuet 



G.B.R. 


2: 14 


M.B. 


6:137 


G.B.R. 


2: 2« 


M.B. 


3:370 


M.B. 


11: 87 


MB. 41: 17 


G.B.R. 


3:193 


G.B.n. 


3: 91 


G.B.R. 


3:192 


SI.B. 


41:174 


G.B.K. 


3: 02 


M.B. 


4: 32 


G.B.R. 


4: 32 


G.B.R. 


3: 92 


G.B.R. 


3:104 


G.B.R. 


3: 92 


G.B.R. 


3: 92 


G.B.R. 


3:192 


G.B.R. 


1: 13 


G.B.R. 


3:192 


G.B.R. 


2: 27 


D.W. 


88 


G.B.R. 


3:193 


M.B. 


41: 60 


M.B. 


41:168 


G.B.R. 


2: 27 


G.B.R. 


2: 27 


G.B.R. 


3:104 


G.B.R. 


3:105 


G.B.R. 


2:142 


G.B.R. 


2: 28 


G.B.R. 


3:102 


M.B.41: 00 


M.B. 


41: 76 


L.W. 


101 


G.B.R. 


2:142 


MB. 


41: 68 


M.B. 


41:135 


M.B. 


41: 11 


M.B. 


41:15T 


MB. 


41: 31 


M.B, 


41:232 


G.B.R. 


3:103 


M.B. 


41: 1 


M.B. 


41:183 


M.B. 


1:768 



48 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1752-56 Winant Rachel, and John Butteler CM. 82: 62 

1775 Ap. 10 Winants, Jacob, and Mary Mersercau M.B. 23: 6 

1G84 Jnly 18 Windebank, Elizabeth, and James Graham CM. 34: 28 

1758 July 20 Wingfield, John, and Elizabeth Innes ' M.B. 41:190 

1703 Nov. 1 Winne, Lydia, and Jacobus Mole G.B.R. 2: 2SS 

lfi04 Dec. 26 Wlslake, Margery, and Peter Slade G.B.R. 3: 92 

1752 Dec. 14 Withers, Jane, and Archibald Johnson M.B. 41: 26 

1091 Ap. 9 Woertman, Dirck Janse, and Annetle Aukes G.B.R. 4: 42 

1752-56 Wolcan, Martha, and Richer Crips CM. 82: 62 

1752-56 Wood, Jeams, and Eve Decer [Decker] M.B. 82: 62 

1758 June 24 Wood, Stephen, and Jemima Smith M.B. 41:167 

1697 Jan. 9 Wooden, Mary» and Johannes Vanderheyden G.B.R. 3:192 

1705 Oct. 13 Wooderop, Allice, and Thomas Pennistone G.B.R. 2: 28 

1703 Oct 20 Woodott, Martha, and Abraham Hunderbeck G.B.R. 2: 25 
1691 Oct. 20 Woodrofe, Elizabeth, and Henry Jordanie G.B.R. 4: 31 

1704 Ap. 14 Wooley, Charles, and Hannah Noell G.B.R. 2: 26 
1701 Feb. 24 Woolsey, Mary, and Charles Williamson G.B.R. 3:194 

1705 Ap. 27 Woortman, Anne, and Isaac DeRlemer G.B.R. 2: 27 
1756 Feb. 2 Wortman, Dennis, and Jane Aymar M.B. 41: 83 
1758 Aug. 31 Wright, Elizabeth, and Jasper Allen M.B. 41:236 

1752 Dec. 16 Wright, John, and Heyla Vanduerson M.B. 41: 30 
1694 Jan. 1 Wright, Joseph, and Ann Henry G.B.R. 3: 91 
1096 Aug. 28 Wright, Thomas, and Lydia Cobbitt G.B.R. 3: 93 
1700 July 20 Wychangham, Tho. and Susanna Fine G.B.R. 3:194 
1756 May 10 Wyckoff, Cornelia, and Cornelius Rapalye M.B. 41:124 

1753 Mar. 17 Wyckoff, Nicholas, and Catrintia Deffertse M.B. 41: 21 
1697 Oct 20 Wyncoop, Benjamin, and ffemmie Vanderhule G.B.R. 3:192 
1696 June 9 Wynkoop, Johannus, and Cornelia Ten Broeke GJ5.R. 3: 93 

1694 Oct. 23 Yaresly, Richard, and Dorothy Gore G.B.R. 3: 92 
1699 July 5 Yeates, John, and Edey Wilde G.B.R. 3:193 

1752 Nov. 30 Yelverton, Andrew, and Sarah Mar8tx>n M.B. 41: 4 
1756 Feb. 22 Yeomans, Ruth, and Samuel Mabbet M.B. 41: 89 

1753 Mar. 29 Young, Maiy, and Peter Hooiwey, Junr. M.B. 41: 16 

1695 May 10 Young, Simon, and Ann Elum G.B.R. 8: 92 



New York State Library 

PUBUCATIONS 

Library reports. Jfew Vtirkntnte lilmtr}'. Aiiuud ru|iort, 1^11) 
— date. O. A.1I»d; !S1» — data. Priw far *M in print to 
1S92, IS CCTitt a rWuwifl, j>aj>er ; 131)11 — date, 75 ctntt, chtA. 

Library bulletins. Univereitj nf Uib Scuie of New Yiprk. Sbite 
library bullctiu. O. Albany 1601 — dste. yViVs to ttdvance 
guhtc'-U/rrs, SO aml« a ytitr. 

Additions no. 1. Gciunil lihnrj, Oct. 1B90. SMp. July 189L 
Priet 2ft eenU. 

In,, I.' ■ . ■:',•.. 



Additiiiu« uo. H. Snlijiitt iuiIgs of Uw additjioiB, 1 JaU. 1833-Al 

Ilco. IS9.^. 3(Hit. Nov. ]f(m, /'nVv 36 <wrf«, 
tluvm 13000 VDloniM »t,i BOO [«iunlil/>u, liiclii4iii|{ »fi)TUi<<M lo laadtDx 

•rUolM in 1(7 taIuoim of Uir peniulkkb. Impnrtaiit (liaU urn Bniered tmiUt 

tbo «utij*nU wUI«4i tlMr ipoeiallr iOwtnC- 
Addidiinfl 00.3. Genurnl Itlfrary. t<5<t|k, Se|i. IBIH. Pripe 

76 ivn2«. J}isir*iji. 

9m noU Iv Ad<lll4ona no, i. 
Additions no. 4. Mwltcui Hbniry 18P5. lS2p. Sep. ISOS. 

/V»i?e 15 otntA. 
l«gisia(ion. Comparntiro fiumnuirv «nd index of legUiatioii by 

8tiitM, ISflO — dnh'. 



';i, u'.itUia-. and ilj'.';'->la[--ii.-ii?ttl 



Ugi, 



;ai,iBtiffli, ISflO mi 



UuhtibooU lbUi-l»^. 7i>p. An;;. 1891. 
lOp. Jui. t«96. 



TJbnu-y vultoul ou. 1. 
Oil* qf print 

no. 3. Library ecfaool regiitur, tS87-tf6, 

Priea 5 lwiM. 
Pablie libnuiea no. 1. BtfiHstica of Kow York Itbrarits^ SSp. 

Au^. 1298. Out ef print, 
Th% mulUi LibnurWa illvlaton nvnU mpm ol tliU bnllcdn for <>iMni>lMlii| iMa, 
ADd wIUoD rwiiir«**<<n4 t1i*l»t«1«lMl*<)MlB«<T«h»Kof"rcnpr««i>f t£«i Ant 
Uall|ttlB»rilBtMtlc», 



UniTcrtitjr of the State of New York 



. D. 



tii4 Ambon JvitD Umoji, n. n. i.r„ n. l. h. b. 

CAaf 

iKtji William Ckoswei i 



««7J 

1877 
1877 
.«77 
1S7S 
tSHi 
lASi 
1863 
1SB5 
.885 
i9SS 
1830 

'«!>3 

1S97 

1897 
■899 
»8ot 



1 Lv-CAMtt/irr, Allwny 
MfcttrrN I. TiiwKsv-".'!', ma 11. U. — - Trojf 

OiAUNCflv M, UvpRw, I.I- D, - - — - New Vock 
CriAKLEs E. FricH, LL. B. M, A. L. U. 0. - Rochotcr 

Owns H. W^iuef. I>. n. - - - - - %Tncn«: 
WaiTBtAW Roil, LL. D. - _ _ _ jjew York 

WtLUAm n. iVAiTiO!*, M- A. M. D. - - - Uiica 
Henkv R. Tdb-Hhi _____ LmmUe 

StCi-air MCKK1.WAV.LI..O. L-H.D. D.CL. - Broriklpi 
Hakji.T'J'i IlAbius, PJl D. LL R - - - Whany 

DVHM,L UtAUli, I'h- D. LI- t _ WitfiDS 

Cakkou. e. SuttH, LL. V. - Symcuae 

I'UHV T. SKXTOK, LL l). - J-almyra 

T. CutLfORi) Smifk, M-A. C r-.. - - - DnHitlu 

Lewis A. Sturvus, B: A. BI^ D. - - - - New York 
SvLV&~TF.K M.vtoKc _____ BroolclyR 

AUiur VAin>i:K Wstg,ht. 0. Ph. D. - - - Mbany 
CUARLKS & SCWNVK, LL. O. 

SupoiDimdcnt of l?iit>y\c iDuzvicnoti, <x officio 
Ci ,M. A. - - - - - amoki^o 

I ■ ■ vf, M. A. Lki««i«ti|.Ov)vrnior. rt itlWoo 

1 . t-i.T, Hi Ji, Gnwmiir, cK dflloii 

I'jii'i 1 . Mclii)v.ir<}ii, LL. B. $cerc«rj' of SUK. ex officio 



sEcniiTAnv 
MltLVIl PllWKV, M. iV, 

DinEOTORSOp- PBhAtlTMc- . 1-i 
■1670 |miu RjET.K^CLL Passhwh )e, U. A, CatUg* a»^ Jflgii StImh/ lirfi'h 
1B8B Jll£i.vir, DFwn", U. A, SlaU libnty Mni Hom* &Ji/ni/t>-n 
iHnr. FuLdirtt-'it I II Uri-mn I'll. 1 1 V/.r/.- »m 



University of the State of New York 



State Library Bulletin 



HISTORY No. 2 

May 1899 



COLONIAL RECORDS 



GENERAL ENTRIES V. I 



I 664-6 5 



PREFACE 

Geiwral cntvivH, v. 1 is a folio 121 ^^y ^h ^^' ^^ ^^'^ ledger calf 
and contains 180 pages. The first })ages contain a brief index, 
each page divided by a vertical and a horizontal line into four 
parts, and each part denoted to a separate letter of the alphabet. 
The following text was originally in (wo parts; p. 131) is also 
marked as (1) and p. 140 is blank; p. 141-74 were originally 
marked as p. 1-33 (p. 13 being repc^ated) and contain documents 
contemporaneons with the other part. Pages 1-2, 34-52 and 
144-51 are in a diffennit handwriting from the rest of the book. 

Although the manuscript is yellow and often soiled with the 
dust of over two hundred years, on most of the pages the ink is 
as fresh and black as on the day of its use. This volume with 
many others was rebound under the direction of J. V. N. Yates, 
secretary of state, pursuant to a joint resolution of the legis- 
lature passed Feb. 18-11), 1819. For a full account of the 



54 NHW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

records, then in the office of the secretary of state, and their con- 
dition see Report of the secretary of state relative to the records, etc. 
in his office, 43 p. F, Alb. 1820 (Senate document no. 2) Many 
of these records, including Oeneral ctttries, v. 1 were removed to 
the state library by act of legislature passed April 19, 1881, see 
New York laws of 1881, ch. 120. 

General entries, v. 1 is the first book of records of the executive 
department including papers pertaining to the surrender of the 
colony by the Dutch to the English in 1664, and extending to 
Sep. 25, 1665. Besides the papers relating to the change of 
government it contains the records of the secretary on various 
topics illustrating the early history of the colony. Among these 
are correspondence with neighboring colonies, appointment of 
civil officers, orders and official determination of disputes or 
differences as to possession of lands, or other causes, arising be- 
tween adjoining towns or private individuals, permits for trade 
<*r of the departure of ships from New York harbor, etc. 

Pages 1-142 of the manuscript are here printed entire in the 
same order as in the original, and showing also, as nearly as 
possible, the exact capitalization, punctuation and spelling. A 
few additions to make the meaning clearer or to give both old 
and new style dates have been inserted in brackets [ ]. The 
remaining pages (p. 143-74) contain merely records of ships 
passes or permits to sail. One of these is given in full to show 
their form and of the rest abstracts are given in the calendar; 
these abstracts, however, contain all the personal or historical 
information found in the original. 

The cak^ndar is arranged in chronologic order and, besides a 
brief abstract of the contents of each paper and its date, refers 
tq the exact page of the manuscript and to the page of this 
printed volume where the full text may be found. 

George Rogers Howell 

Archivist 



CALENDAS 55 



CALENDAR 

The references in the niarg:in are to the manuscript and printed page: e. g. ins 1 refers to 
original manuscript, page 1 ; pr. 5 refers to psge 5 of the present printed copj The calendar 
is arranged in chronjlogic order. In the no'es, volume and page numbers are separated by 
a colon ; e. g. 1 :887 means vol. 1, page 887. 



1664 

Copy of «in order from tho gonoral court at Boston to be de- ^^ 
livered to the royal eoniniissioiiers on their arrival in Nantasket ^^ 
Roads presenting their resp(»ets to the eomraiasioners and en- 
joininfij them to instruct the soldiers having liberty ashore to 
conduct themselves peaceably. 

Also printed in Rt cords of Matisarhuscits Bay, v. 4, pt 2, 101. 

Letter from the commissioners above mentioned, Richard Nic- il*j^^ 

' ms « 

oils and (i(»orge Cartwright, to John Winthrop governor of Con- ^'^'^ 
necticnt notifying him of their commission to do the crown some 
service near liis government. 

Letter fronfi Com'rs Nicolls and Cartwright to Sir Robert Carr Nodat« 

^ ms2 

on board the Elms at Piscataqua instructing him to come with ^^'*^ 
his ship to Nantasket. 

Proposal of the commissioners that the Massachusetts Bay "^^'J*^ 

*■ *' ms 5 

colony furnish men to coop(*rat<* with them at New York. ^^'^ 

Also printod in Rrronis of Maasiwfmsrtts Ray, v. 4, pt 2, 163. 

Answer of the council to the couimissioners saying that they J^^y^r 
have issued a call for .a meeting of the general court on Aug. 3 ^^'^ 
to d(»cide whether th(*y will furnish an auxiliary force to march 
on Aug. 23. 

Also printed in h'rcorfis of Mossarlntsrlfs Hay, y. 4, pt 2, 164. 

Comers Nicolls and Cartwright to Sir Henry Bennett, principal No date 

ms 8 

secretary of state, giving account of their voyage, their intention p**"^^ 
to jiroceed at once to the reduction of New York and the disin- 
clination of the Maiiisachusetts Bay colony to assist in the enter- 
prise. 

Com'rft Nicolls and Cartwright to Gov. John Winthrop advis- JuJy» 

^ ms7 

ing him of their intention to sail with all the fleet with first fair p'"*'^ 
wind for Manhattan, and desiring him to meet them on the west 
end of Long Island. 



56 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664 

^^1^° General court of Massachusetts Bay colony to Com'rs Nicolls 

and Cartwright that their messengers Capts. Clark and Pynchon 
would communicate to them the sentiments of the council. 
Also printed in Records of Ma88achu.setts Bay, v. 4, pt. 2, 124. 

ms8*** Orders for the conduct of officers and soldiers during and after 

^^'^ the reduction of New York. 

ASg.'wSi ^^^^^ letter of Gov. Stuyvesant to ComVs Nicolls and Cart- 
^r.lo Wright asking them to give the reason of the appearance of a 

hostile fleet in the bav. 
[Ai^. 20] Proclamation to publish (in New York) the design of the com- 

Dr 79 

missioners, offering protection to all who yield to the govern- 
ment of England. 

Also printed in Smith, History of New York, 1829, 1:387, in Brodhead, 
History of the state of Netc York, 2: 24 and with date in O'Callaghan, History 
of Neic Nethrrland, 2: 522. 

aS^.tod"; Answer of Com'r Nicolls to Gov. Rtuyvesant, summoning a 

ms 9 

pr. 81 surrender of the forts and lands of the colony which he claims 

to be the territory of the crown of England. 

Also printed in Smith, History of New York, 1829, 1: IG. 

Auglsonl Inclosure of next above, accounting for the absence of Nicolls' 

pr. 8;j signature when first sent. 

NodAte Petition of the inhabitants of Westchester to the commission- 

ers for the affairs of New England, stating that they had been 
cruelly treated by the Dutch government of New Netherlands 
and praying for compensation for damages. Death of Richard 
Mills, schoolmaster, by cruel treatment. 

m8*i'2^ Com'r Nicolls to Gov. Winthrop staling that in ca^e of the 

reduction of Manhattan to English power, i>eople from the 
Netherlands may freely come and go as before. 

Also printed in O'Callajrhan, History of New Netlierlaud, 2:523. 

sep^'^ina ^^^- Stuyvcsaut to Coui'r Nicolls stating that his formal an- 

pr 87 swer will be sent the next day. 

sep'jnV* ^^ov. Stuyvesant to ComY Nicolls, denying right of crown of 

Ji'er England to all the lands in the noi-th of America; claiming title 
for Holland by discovery and unintiTrupted possesisiion ; ass<»rt- 
ing that if the king knew all the circumstances he would not 



OALENDAR 57 

1664 

demand surrender, and that the governor was not moved by 
threats of violence. 

Also printed in Smith, History of New York, 1829, 1:20 and with varia- 
tions in New York colonial history, 2:411. 

John Coe and Elias Watts have liberty to beat the drum in ^^'^•g'* 
the w estern towns of Long Island in raising recruits for the ^^' ^ 
army. 

Warrant of Com'r Nicolls to Capt. Hyde, commander-in-chief ^i^^ 
of the squadron, to compel the reduction of New Amsterdam to ^^' 
the crown. 

Warrant of the commissioners to Capt. Morley to press his aust. w 

ms 22 

ship WHliam and Nicholas into the service of the king. p*"-** 

Agreement between Com-rs Nicolls, Carr, CartwTight and ^"<L^ 

Maverick, and Capt. Morley as to the ship William and Nicholas, ^^- ^ 
ComV Nichols to Gov. Stuyvesiint assenting to proposition to ^^^^^ 

appoint deputies, but insisting on speedy surrender. p*"* ^ 

Gov. Stuvvesant to Com'r Nicolls advising him that he hasAuK.asos. 

'^ Sep. 4 n. 8. 

sent John de Decker and Cornells Van Ruyven to treat for a JJJfJJ 
' good accommodacon.' 

Gov. Stuyvesant's commission, as agreed upon in council, to Aug.3«o.«. 

S6p. 6 n. ■• 

John de Decker, Nicholas Varlett, Samuel Megapolensis, Cor-JJfJg, 
nelias Steenwyck, Oloff Stevensen Van Cortlandt and Jacques 
Cousseau to treat with Com'r Nicolls on terms of surrender. 

Also printed in 0*Callaghan, History of Netc Netherlands 2: 531. 

Answer of Com'r Nicolls consenting to treat on articles of Aug. » 
surrender and appointing Conrrs Carr and Cartwright, Gov. p*" ^^ 
John Winthrop and Samuel Willis of Connecticut, and Thomas 
Clark and John Pynchon of Massachusetts to be the delegates 
for this purpose. 

Articles of surrender agreed upon by the above-mentioned aur. it 
commissioners. pr!^ 

Also printed in Smith, History of New York\ 1829, 1: 28, New York colonial 
history, 2: 250, 0*Callaghan, History of New Netherlands 2: 532 and MunseU 
Annals of Albany, 4: 28. 

Gov. Stuyvesant's consent to articles of surrender agreed upon Auf.wo.ii. 

Sep. 8 n. 8. 

by the English and Dutch commissioners." wm 

ak. letter from the burgomasters and schepens of New Amsterdam to the West India com- 
pany deacribiog the capture of the city In 1661, is printed in Valentins^s Manual of the com- 
mon council o/N€W York for 18e0. p. 699-98, and also in Rtcordt of Ntw Amsterdam, 6:114-16. 



58 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664 

m^m^ Gov. Nicolls to Capt. Young that those who had done military 

^^' ^^ service on Long Island were to retain their arms subject to be 

called out in emergency. 
Aus^89 The commissioners to the governor of Massachusetts Bay col- 

^^' ony informing him of what had taken jilace in New Amsterdam. 

Sf*6i Commissioners of the United New England colonies to the 

^^' several General courts, requesting that on receiving notice of a 

visit from the royal commissioners, they send information of 

it to the other colonies. 

« 

msili Pass for Mrs Aldricks with her servants and merchandise to 

Delaware bay. 

The like pass granted to the master of the bark. 
m?'84 Gopy of Sir Robert (.'arr's commission to go to Delaware bay 

pr. 104 ^^ reduce that settlement. 

Also printed in New York colonial hiatory, 3:70 and 12:458. 
No date Instructions to Sir Robert Cmvv for the reduction of Delaware 

pr. 186 , 

bay. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 12:457. 

^jj^ Pass for Glaes Teesen of New York to go with his sloop to 

Fort Orange. 

mlf'i44 ^^^ ^^^^ passes wei»e granted at the same time to Luke An- 

drews, Claes Burding, Riend(*r Peterson and Paulns Cornelius, 
cmch of them with his slooj) to go to Fort Orange. 

ms^'sS Warrant to search the ship Gideon of Amsterdam. 

Sr. 105 
ep.8 Pass for Isaac Bedloo of New York to go with a bark and a 

sloop to Virginia. 

S6D 9 

1118 146 Pass for Andrew Messenger, merchant, to go with goods to 

any part of Long Island. 
ms^iJi ^^^ lydnH signed by (lov. Nicolls, mid Com'rs Carr and Cart- 

^^'^^^ Wright permittiug the ship QUleon of Amsterdam to take soldiers 

and merchandise to Holland. 
mlTiJa Pass for Fobbe Koberts of New Y''ork to go with merchandise 

^^'^ to Virginia in a bark of which David Anderson is master. 

mlfi42 Pass for Martin Hoof man of New Y^ork to go with his sloop 

and goods to Stratford uncjuet and parts adjacent. 



CALENDAB 59 

1664 

Com'r Cartwright's commission to go to Fort Orange [Albany] ^PjJ" 
to bring it under the English. ^^' '^ 

Also printed in O'Callaghan, History of New Netherlands 2:537 and in 
Munsell, Annals of Albany, 7: 97. 

Pass for Capt. John Scott from New York to Ashford on Long ^p^J* 

Island. 

Also printed in New York colonial history , 14:557. 

Order from Gov. Nicolls that David Anderson be bound for SfPJ* 
£100 for himself and William Carver to answer to the suit of * 
Henry Hudson at St Mary's in Maryland concerning the ' flfry- 
gott called the Expedition/ and a servant Richard Lee. 

Order from Grov. Nicolls directing the masters of all vessels ^^^' 
upon coming into the harbor to report their arrival, deetination ^^' "* 
and cargoes to Thomas Delavall. 

Warrant from Gov. Nicolls to the magistrates of Oyster Bay, ^fPj^* 
L. 1. to restore to Govert Lookermans and others their island of ^^' '^ 
Matinicock in Martin Gerretson's bay, L. I. rented in 1659 for 
five years to Jonas Wood and afterwards to Mark Meigs both 
of whom failed to pay the rent and are unwilling to leave. 

Also printed in Neic York colonial history, 14:557. 

Pass for Govert Loocquermans of New York to go in his sloop Sep. is 

ma 148 

or bark to Oyster Bay, L. I. or parts adjacent. s«p.is 

ma 143 

Pass for same place granted to Jacob Baker. 

Letter from Gov. Nicolls and Com'r Maverick to Benedict Ar- ^pJ^ 

ma 87 

nold, governor, and William Burnton, lieutenant-governor of ^^' ^ 
Rhode Island and Providence plantation. Acknowledges receipt 
of their letter of Sep. 7 expressing their joy on the re- 
duction of New^ York. They hope New York will be ready to 
act in the common defense, ^ well knowinge that the Dutch pay 
no more than a forc't Obedience to his Ma.^y and their practises 
have beene alwayes treacherous to the English nation.' 
Warrant for the arbitration of the differences between Graves- 8ep.«4 

mass 

end and New Utrecht, concerning boundaries. p**- ^^ 

Also printed In New York colonial history, 14:558. 



60 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664 

^P;f* Articles of agreement between chiefs of the Mohawk and Sen- 

^^' eca Indians and Corner Cartwright as to the relations between 

the English and the Indians in the province. 
Also printed In Netc York colonial history, 3:67. 

sep.M Pass for Jacob van Cowenhoven of New York into any of the 

rivers and creeks adjacent to trade with the Indians. 
Sep. w Warrant for the arrest of a negro who ran away from Thomas 

pr. ii« Mathews of Yarmouth in New^ Enghmd. 
®*P;S Trade pass for Derrick Yansen Smith of New York to go to 

m» 146 *^ ° 

Virginia or parts adjacent with his vessel, 
sep.jj Pass for Jacob Baker of New York to trade in Virginia or 

parts adjacent. 
Sep. 28 Pass for Timothy Gabry and his son Jacob to go to Gravesend 

me 147 

on Long Island. 
Sep. 28 Trade pass for ffrancis Romboiits and William Verplanke of 

ins 147 ^ ^ 

New York, partners, to go to Virginia or parts adjacent. 
Sep. 80 Order of banishment within 10 davs of John de Decker for 

m8 89 ' 

pr. 109 trading without license in powdt^r and negroes at Fort Albany, 
and for endeavoring to * alienate the mindes of his Ma.^y*^ Dutch 
subjects from that happy reconcilement without bloudshed, upon 
articles so lately made.' 
octi Articles of agreement between Sir Robert Carr and the repre- 

pr. 127 sentatives of the Dutch and Swedes along the Delaware bay and 
river. 
Also printed In New York colonial history, 3:71. 

Oct. 1 Discharge and certificate for soldiers William Hall, David 

pr. 114 Thomas, Robert Davison, John Pasloe and Edward Wise, dis- 
abled by sickness and sent back to England. 

^\^ Discharge of George Greene, soldier. 

Trade pass for ffrancis Boone of New York to the ^ french plan- 
tacons of Martinica, Gardeloupa and St Christophells ' in the 
West Indies, in the ship St Jacob of Amsterdam, Noe Peters, 
master. 

Oct. 6 Ship's pass for Noe Peters, master of the St Jacob, to go to the 

ms 148 

same places. 



pr. Ill 

Ootb 

ma 148 



OALENDAB 61 

1664 

Pass for John de Decker with eight negro servants and his ^{^^ 
necessaries ' to the french plantations of Martinica, Gardeloupa 
or St Chnstophells ' and thence to Holland. 

WaiTant for the an*est of four negro servants who ran away c>ct J 
from Peter Stuy vesant. ^^' "^ 

Warrant to Henry Lenington to surrender to the town of Oys- ^^-J 
ter Bay a lot of land sold to that town by Govert Lookermans, ^^' ^^^ 
and then in occupation of said Lenington on a lease from John 
Conkling. 

Also printed In New York colonial history, 14:558. 

Trade pass for Balthazar Stuyvesant of New York, son of the ^^m 
late governor to go ' to Curacco and from thence to the Cai'ibdy 
Islands.' 

Trade pass for John Poppen of New York to go ' with his ^g'iw 
Galiott to the Caribdv Islands and Curaco.- 

Pass for William van Rasenbergh of New York with his wife, ^^\^ 
two children and man servant to go to Gardeloupa. 

Permit to trade in any of his majesty's dominions given to ^if^ 
Cornelius Steenwyek, former burgomaster. 

Same given to Jacques Cousseau former sheriff of New York. ^\^ 

Articles of agreement regarding trade, taxation and govern- Oct i 

ms 48 

ment of Albany between delegates from that town and the coun- p"" "^ 
cil at New York. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:559. 

Trade pass for Samuell Chester, master and John Thompson, Oct. la 
supercargo of the Endeavour of Milford in New England to ti'affic 
for tobacco in Virginia. 

Trade pass for Isaac Woodberry master of the Samuel of Salem Oct. it 

^ • ms 151 

in New England to the ' Oronoque River als Albemarle ' to traffic 
for tobacco. 

Order of the general court of Connecticut for the appointment ^^iJ* 
of pei-sons to accomi)any their governor to New York to congrat- ^^' ^** 
ulate the commissioners. 

Also printed in Connecticut Public records of the colony, 1:435, in Report 
on boundary between New York and Connecticut, p. 90 (N. Y. Senate doc. 1857, 
no. 165) and tn N. Y. — University, Report on the boundaries of the state, 2 
(1878); 225 (N. Y. Senate doc. 1877, no. 61) and 2 (1884); 227. 



62 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664 

m?49^ Warrant to William Goldiuge, James Grover and Johij Bowne 

^^' to buy of the sacbems of Nevisans lands ' extending from Chang- 

ororissa neare tbe mouth of the Raritans river vnto Poutopecke ' 

(jiear Amboy, N. J.) 

Also printed in New York col(yfiial history, 13:395. 

mi'^^ Warrant ordering Jan Jansen Verrjn late of Gravesend, L. I. 

^^' to appear before Gov. Nicolls to answer the complaint of Timothy 

Gabry of New York. 

2|5>*4«® Declaration concerning the oath of allegiance to be taken. 

*^ ' Also printed in Records of New Amsterdaniy 5: 144. 

2S\o* Confirmation of the authority and privileges of Jeremias Van 

P**- "• Rensselaer. 

Also printed in Munsell, Annals of Albany, 7:97. 

m?5?^ Order in settlement of the case of Gabry vs Verryn, for which 



^^' ^ warrant was issued Oct. 18. 

m?iJ^ Order to John Conkling to appear befoi'e Gov. Nicolls to show 

title to land leased by him to Ilenry Lenington, and claimed by 

Oyster Bay. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:560. 

S^'m* Warrant of Com'rs Nicolls, Cartwright Jind Maverick directing 

^^•^^ Sir Robert Carr to return to New York. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 12:458. 
Oct. w Warrant of Coni'rs Cartwright and Maverick appointing Gov. 

ms 58 

pr. 121 Nicolls to go to Delaware bay and river and there set in order 
the management of public affairs. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 12:459. 
Oct. 24 Permit to trade in any of his majesty's dominions granted to 

ms 154 

Andrew Teller of Albany. 
Oct. 26 Ord(M* concerning payment for negro slaves introduced into the 

m8 54 

pr. 132 colony before the surrender. 

Oct. 36 Warrant for collection of duty on tobacco and beavers shipped 

ni8 54 

pr. 12a fi.(^ui ;f^Y.^v York. 

Oct. 26 RiM.'oipt for two flags and a comjKiss from the Guinea. 

1118 55 

pr. 123 Cei-tifuate from Com'rs Nicolls, (.'artwright and Maverick that 

Oct. 26 

pr*i24 Capt. Uugli Hyde of the ship Guinm carried a jack flag at the 
maintopmast head by their directions. 



CALENDAR 63 

1664 

Certificate from Gov. Nicolls that Capt. Thomas Morley re- ^^'^f 
ceived for his ship the WillUim and Nicholas, two barrels of pow- '^^' ^^ 
(ler and 20 iron shot from Capt. Hugh Hyde wiich were used in 
the reduction of the fort of Delaware. 

Order of the three commissioners as above directing Capt. Oct. 26 
Hugh Hyde to sail with his ship Qaitiea to Portsmouth, England, p*" '^* 

Appointment of Thomas Carveth as notary public. ms^s^ 

Permit to trade in any of the English dominions granted to olpt.ae 

ms 165 

John Claes Backer of New York. 

Certificate that Charles Bridges and his wife Sarah have en- Oct. ac 

** m8l56 

tered a protest against all sales by Thomas Pell of Onkway, of 
* a parcell of Land Scituated on the East Kiver, beginning from 
the Hill of Bronchxland, East South East, likewise alongst the 
River bounded almost halfe a Dutch Mile, a copy of the Originall 
Grant whereof, unto Thomas Cornell, flfather of the said Sarah 
Bridges, they have also Registered.' 

Trade pass for Elizabeth, the w ife of Henry Cousturier of Del- ^\^ 
aware bay, to Delaware. 

Cai>t. Hyde gives notice that his ship is waiting for a wind Nov. 9 
to sail. ^'^^ 

In the case of Govert Lookermans vs John Conkling regarding Nov.» 

ms 68 

Oyster Bay lands; Gov. Nicolls remands the decision to the p*"^^ 
general court on Long Island. 

Also prill tod in New York colonial history, 14:500. 

Capt. Hyde's second order for sailing for Portsmouth, Eng. ^^^J^ 
Soldiers Henry Barnardiston, John Smart, Henry Norwood, g^^^^ 

Thomas Hewson, Thomas Broadgate, Nath«aniel Ward, Richard p/ 129 

Spicer and John Moncke on their rtM^iuest were discharged to 

return to England. 
Coi>y of Sergeant Henry Barnardiston's discharge. ms^aP 

Order for the payment of customs duties. Thomas Delavall Sov.'^ 

appointed collector. pr. 133 

Soldier's Charles Horsley, John Marshall and Nathaniel Weth- Nov 28 

•• ' ms OS 

erell discharged. ^^'^^ 

Warrant for the collection of taxes on Long Island by John Nov. 30 

Howell and John Young. p*"- '^* 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14: 561. 



64 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664 

^^ Instructions to Messrs Elowell and Young as to taxes and gov- 

» 

ernment of Long Island. 

Also printed in New York colonial history ^ 14: 501. 



pr. 182 



i^<^- 1 Establishment of the boundary of Connecticut and New York 

ms 70 • 

P*"'^^ by Com'rs Nicolls, Cartwright and Maverick. 

Also printed in Smith, History of Xeic York, 1829, 1 : 3i\ in Report on 
boundary between New York and Vonneviwnt, p. 102 (N. Y. Senate doe. 1857, 
no. 105) and in N. Y. — Trniversity, Report on the boundaries of the state, 
1 : 24 (N. Y. Senate doc. 1873, no. 108) and 2 (1884): 229. 

Dec. 8 James Smithson, a soldier, discharged. 

pr. 189 Pass for John van Bergh master of the ship Inity of Amster- 

Dec. 8 

ms 167 dam to go to Holland with passengers and merchandise. 

Dec. 8 Trade pass for John Bergen of New York to any place in his 

majesty-s dominions. 
i>ec. 5 Permission given to John Bergen to return the next year with 

Holland goods. 
Dec. 6 Permission granted to the Lutherans in New York to secure 

I1M71 ^ 

pr. 138 r^ minister of their faith. 

Dec. 6 Order from (lov. Nicolls directing the magistrates of Flushing, 

1118 72 

pr. 187 L I. to restore Ann Wood to her husband John Wood of Rhode 

Island whom she had left to live with Thomas Stiles of Flushing. 

Dec. 7-12 Names of Dutch i>eople that had passes to go in the ship Umty 

m8 75 

pr.i89 for Holland. 

i>®S^i* Order to the magistrates of Oravesend for a statement of the 

pr. 138 differences between them and Thomas Applegate. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:5G2. 
Dec. 12 Warrant from Gov. Nicolls dinn'ting the magistrates of New- 

1119 74 

pr. 188 town, L. I. and Thomas Lawrence to appear before him for set- 

tl(»ment of differences between them. 
Dec. 12 ^lemorandum that a ceitificate of denization was granted to 

ms 162 

Pi(*ter Claes keyen. 
Dec. 18 Memorandum that a like certificate was granted to Pieter 

ms 159 

Svmous van Ooscen. 

Dec. 18 Permit to Cornelius Steenwvck of New York to trade with Hol- 

ms 7« 

pr. 187 i.ju(] and other phices under the same laws and duties as English- 
men. 



CALENDAR 65 

1664 

Order for the restoration of a young beast to Thomas Law- 21^74* 

, pr. 189 

rence, etc. 

Memorandum that a certificate of denization was granted to ^^^^ 
Govert Lookermans. ^'' 

Warrant to magistnite of Jamaica to bring before the governor Dec. a 

ma 87 

Henry Thompson charged with disloyal speech. p*"- ^<® 

Order for Peter Stuyvesant and Cornelis Van Ruvven to ren- Dec 84 

•^ - ma 76 

der an account of the property of the West India company. p"" ^^ 

Appointment of William Hallett and William Noble magis- ^^ 

trates and Nicholas Pearsall constable of Flushing, L. I. p*"- ^*' 

Also printed in A'eir York colonial historif, 14:562. 

Order of Gov. Nicolls to the inhabitants of the colonv to bring ^^^lP 
within 10 days a statement of all debts due by them to the West ^^' '** 
India company and of all property of that company in their 
custody. 

License for marriage of James Hubbard of Gravesend and Eliz- ^UTm* 
abeth daughter of John and Elizabeth Bayly. ^^' ^^^ 

Order dismissing the case of Henry Thompson with pardon. Sbot** 

Letter from Gov. Nicolls to the inhabitants of Jamaica, urging 1664-65 

them to compose their differences with Flushing a« to the bounds iSsdo 

between these towns. He says ' the Indians will sell thrice over 

their lands, if any will buy.' 

Also printed in Neir York colonial history, 14:562. 

Order of the governor directing Richai'd Darling plaintiff and J»njo 

DIB 88 

Henry Thompson defendant to pay the constable. p*"- ^^ 

Citizenship granted to Allard Anthony on his taking the oath l^^\^ 

of allegiance prc^scribed on the surrender of the town which took ^^' ^^ 

place on the 29 Aug. 1664. 
The same granted to Balthazer De Haart. ^isi? 

pr 184 

Order of Gov. Nicolls to towns of Jamaica and Flushing that j^*„ jg 
they appoint persons to appear before him on Thursday Feb. 2, pr. 144 
1664-65 to present the claims of these towns in regard to their 
boundary lines then in dispute. 

Also printed in ^ew York colonial history, 14:503. 

Order of Gov. Nicolls for the hearing of the complaint of An- J*"J8 

ma 88 

drew Messenger against the magisti'ates of Jamaica. p*"* ^^ 

Also printed in 'New York colonial history, 14: 563. 



66 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664-65 

ni8 82 Form of the oath of allegiance to King Charles. 

pr. 145 

Jan. 18 Warrant directing Hie magistnites of Flushing and William 

ma 89 

P""- ^^^ Lawrence to ai)i)ear before the governoi' for a hearing of his 
case. 

mB89^ Order concerning the settlement of the bounds between Flush- 

^^' ing and Jamaica. 

SlTw^ Order designating Thursday, F(»b. *.\ for hearing the appeal of 

^""•^^ Andrew Messenger against a decision of the magistrates of Ja- 
maica. 

m8°M^ Permit to Cornelis S(eenwyck and Jacques Cousseau to send 

•^ * the ship Hopewell to Holland for trade. 

Feb^s An order c(mc(»rning the appeal of Andrew Messenger of Ja- 

pr. 152 iiiaica from a judgment of the magistrates of that town for an 

assessment on his lands, levied previously on Francis Finch from 

whom h(^ purchasi'd them, the (enforcement of the levy to depend 

on the c^xistence of a custom in Jamaica or a law of Connecticut, 

(in whose jurisdiction Jamaica was at ihe time of the purchase 

from Finch) that all deeds of sale of lands should be put on 

record. 

Also printed in Nvic York voloniaJ histiiry, 14:r»C»:]. 

No date OrdfM* of (lov. Nicolls requiring Thomas Case to give security 

pr 153 n^j^ ^^^ dispose of properly of his wife Mary n^ceived by her from 

h(»r tirst husband. 
^^\f M(Muorandum that C-ornelis ^teenwvck and five other officers 

pr. 146 ^j- f ]i(^, foniK^i. (>ify government took the oath of allegiance. 

^^^vJ? Libertv granted to the Dutch shii> Cvost Hedrt to come into 

ins iw » <-> i 

'^^•'^^ port and unload her cargo. 

fffs'ss^ License of marriage of John Cockrell of Newtown and Mary 

P"'^^^ Page of New York. 

msss'* Order dir(»cting the magistrates of Kc^rgen to receive and quar- 

^^' <er Corporal Powell and a garrison of soldiers. 

Also i)rlntod in A'cjr York colonial history, 13:395. 

^®^\? Regulation of customs duties. 

ms 112 *^ 

¥eb.^^ Letter of Gov. Nicolls to the inhabitants of Long Island, ap 

msdS 

pr. 154 pointing a ^General meeting of deputies' of the several towns 



CALENDAR 67 

1664-65 

of the island at Hempstead on the last day of Feb. 1664-65, to 

which they are to elect deputies. 

Also print(*d in New York colonial history, 14: 504. 

Letter of Gov. Nicolls to the Dutch magistrates of New NodAte 

Utrecht, Bushwick, Brooklyn, Flatbush and Flatlands requiring p^-^^ 

them to notify the inhabitants of those towns to elect deputies 

to attend the general meeting at Hempstead on the last day of 

Feb. 1664-65. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14: 565. 

Names of the deputies met at the general meeting* at Hemp- ^^ 
stead with Gov. NicoUs. ^^' 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:565. 

m 

Committee to examine the bounds of the towns and adjust Mar. i 

'' m8 97 

their differences, and report to the general meeting: Thomas P*"-^^ 
Baker of Easthampton; Thomas Topping of Southampton; Dan- 
iel Lane of S(*tauket; James Hubbard of Gravesend; Edward 
Jessop of Westchester; John Underhill of Oyster Bay; Jonas 
Wood of Huntington. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:5f>5. 

License for the marriage of William Lawrence of Flushing and ^Jgg'* 
Elizabeth the daughter of Richard Bmith of Neshaquake, L. I. p^'^^t 

License of marriage of John Thorne and Mary the daughter of m*"^® 
Nicholas Peai^siill of Flushing. pr. 157 

Order of Gov. Nicolls declaring Shelter Island to be a sepamte No date 
township. pr- 157 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:566. 

Hendrick Barnesen Smith has license to employ Jacques Gor Mar. 14 

ma 106 

t(»lyou of New Utrecht to survey some lands of his near Maspeth, p""- ^^ 
L. L 

Warrant to the magistrates of Harlem for the prohibition of Mar. is 

ma 101 

the sale of strong licjuor to the Indians. pr- i^o 

Trade pass for Frederick Phillips of New York or his wife Mar. « 

ma 160 

Margarett, to Albany to traffic with the Indians or others. 

a It was at this assembly that the laws known as 'The duke*s laws* were promulgated. 
These laws have been printed in New York historical society, Collections, 181 1, 1 ;805-428 and in 
Colonial laws of New York, 18D4, 1:6-100. 



68 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1664-65 

mTm Memorandum that certificates of denization with liberty to 

traffic at Albany were granted to Nicholas Demeyer and Asser 

Levy. 

ms'ioi* Order to the scout, burgomasters and schepens of New York 

^*' ^** to summon a court to hear the case of Charles Bridges and his 

wife Sarah against William Newman and Thomas Senequam, an 

^^ Indian. 

1665 

M»r.«6 Warrant for the arrest of a runaway servant of John Saffin of 

ma 109 ^ 

pr. 150 Boston. 

Mar. 87 Order of Gov. Nichols on decision of the court of the case of 

ma 109 

P'-^*' Charles Bridges above. 

No date Letter of Sec. Matthias Nicolls to Elias Doughty constable of 

ms 108 

pr. 160 Flushing regarding the right of Hannah Bradish to dispose of 
the estate of Joseph Langton deceased. 
Also printed in Neiv York colonial history, 14: 56(i 

^^.\? Confirmation of a Dutch grant of land between Nutten Hook 

ma 104 *^ 

pr. 161 j^j^j Kinderhook to Thomas Powell and others. 

MarM IMiiHp Petersen Schuyler granted permission to purchase land 

pr. 161 ^f ij,^ Indians near Albany. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 13:395. 
Mar. 81 License to Thomas Powell to purchase of the Indians Round 

ms 1(j6 ^ 

pr. 162 inland containing five or six acrc^ and situated four miles above 

Fo-rt Albany, ne-ar (iiv<*n inland. 
Mar. 81 Favorable answer of Gov. Nicolls to a petition of the bakers 

pr. 168 Qf Albany, that * Bakers, Incomers for a Season of gaine and not 

constant Inhabitants ' should not be tolerated there. 
Mar-si Shi])'s pass for David Jochems, master of the Hopewell^ with 

passengers and merchandise to Holland, and to return before 

Jan. 30, next. 
Ap. 1 License to Johannes Clute and Jan Hendrick Bruyn to pur- 

ms 107 J 1 

'*■'• ^^ chase land on west side of Hudson river opposite Claverack. 
Also printed in New York colonial history, 13:390. 

'^'^'^ate to Derrick Smith to trade in any part of his 



CALENDAB 69 

1665 

Trade pass for Mr John Winder, merchant, or John Lawrence, ^s ,m 
as employed by him, to go to Albany to traffic with the Indians. 

Copy of deed of sale of land * nejir Heri^en, over bv the North ap. u 
Kiver' grantnl 1)(h*. T), l<>r)4, to Jan Tornelyssen Oynen, bought 
by Isaac lYort^t Ap. 17, 1()G4 and now sold by him to Thomas 
Davison; signed by Isaa<k tfon^st and witnessed by Mathias 
Nicolls and Rich. Charlton. 

Warrant to the magistrates of Huntington to allow Arnold m^'iJJ 

i>r 1^& 

Cornelis to dispose of his cattle. 

Certificatt^s of discharge of two soldiers, John Paine and ^?/io 
Thomas Level 1. ^'' *^ 

Order of Gov. Nicolls that the magistrates of Harlem act in ^J,^ 
place of the scout who refus(>s to i)erform the duties of his office. ^'^ ^^ 

Orders concerning Thomas Case and Mary Meacock. 

Pow<*r of attorn(»v from Gov. NiroUs to Richard Woodard of ^^'?\ 
Virginia, m<M*chani, to hfive a settlement of accounts with John Ap/a? 
Darcy, mc^rrhant, now resident in Virginia. 

Ship's i)assport for Siwart Dirickse master of the Ct'ost Heart ap\?J. 

*^ * ' ins 107 

of Amsterdam, for Holland. 

Liberty granted to the s«ame of importing goods from Holland ^P'^qq 
within one year after the date hereof. 

Passi)ort for ex (Jov. Peter Stuyvesant with his son, Nicholas Ap. 2! 

* • ' ni8 170 

William and servants, to go to Holhind in the Cront Heart. 

Marriage license to Pet(*r Tilton of (Jravesend, L. I. and Re- ^p-,?? 
becca Brazier of New York. p*"* '^ 

Order for th(» appointment of John Underbill to be surveyor ^p-*; 

^ '^ "^ ms 116 

of Long Island to prevent the smuggling of tobacco. pr. i68 

Also print<'d in New York colonial historic, 14:500. 

Marriage license to Thomas Cox of Maspeth in Newtown, L. 1. ^Pj^ 
and Elizabeth Blashford. ^^'^^^ 

Trade pass for Capt. Martin ( 'regier of New York to New Cas- ^p j^ 
tie, Delaware, to continue till Sep. I, next. 

l'rinto<l in full in New York colonial history, 12:459. 

Trade pass for Johannes l>e Piester of New York to Albany, 
^lemorandum that like ])as8e8 for trading at Albany were ^p^^ 
granted to Johannes Dewedt, Christien Wessels, Matchtelt de ^^^^i^ 



i665 



70 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



Riemer, Walrave Claerhoudt, Mr Thomas Delavall, Aldert Con- 
ninck, Jan Garretzen van Coiiwenhoven, Barren Course, Jeroni- 
mus Ebbinck and Capt. Thomas Willett. 

^•j^ Robert Needham to Richard Gibbons; rules for the settlement 

^'' ^^ of the Navasink lands (N. J.) 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 13:398. 

JJjy,jg Order from Capt. Robert Needham of Fort James to Edward 

^^' Walters, constable of Westchester directing him to make search 

for a child of Edward Jessop stolen by the Indians. 
mSui Order from the same to the same for the delivery of a negro 

'^''' ^'^ servant run away from Allard Anthony. 
Mays Passport for «Tames Boyd to go in the ship Companyon to the 

Barbadoes and thence to England. 
May 18 Warrant for the seizure of James Smithson a runaway servant 

ma 118 *^ 

pr. 170 of Thomas Naylor of Brooklyn. 

May^ Memorandum that two ordinary passports were granted to 

Bastion Moreau and Charles Requeville to Boston. 
June 8 Wari'ant from Gov. Nicolls directing Cornells Van Ruyven to 

ms 119 " '^ 

pr. 171 receive from Warner ^^"essels rent for some farais due to the 
West India comi)any and to adjust accounts with Jonas Bartle- 
son. 

June 12 The governor's revocation of the form of government of New 

ms 120 *^ " 

pr. 171 York abolishing the titles of scout, burgomaster and schex>en 
and substituting therefor those of mayor, alderman and sheriff. 

Also printed in Documentary hiatory of Nctr York (qujirto edition) 1 : 389, 
in Colonial laws of New York, 1894, 1: 100 and in Records of New Amsterdam, 
5:248. 

m8°?2i* ^ ^^^ Ma} or and Aldermens Commission,' amounting praoti- 

pr. 172 cally to a city charter, wherein the inhabitants of Manhattan 
island are constituted a body politic under the government of a 
mayor, aldermen and sheriff, appointing as mayor Thomas Wil- 
lett; aldermen, Thomas Di^lavall, Olotfe Stevensen Van Cort- 
laudt, John Van Brugh, Cornc^lis Van Ruyven, and John Law- 
rence; sheriff, xMlard Anthony. 

Also printed in I>orunicntary history of An^' York (quarto edition) 1 : 389, 
and in Records of New Amsterdam, 5: 1M9. 



OALENDAB 71 

1665 

Oath taken by the mayor and aldermen as above to administer Jan« w 

*^ "^ ma 19t 

justly their several offices. ^* ^^* 

Also printed In Records of New AnutUrtlam, 5:251. 

Proclamation of the governor declaring the confiscation of the JjJJ'fgJ'^ 

estate of the West India company in New York. ^^' '^* 

Also printed in New York (state) — Ilistorian, Annual report ^ 2: 136. 

Warrant to the town officers on Long Island for the arrest of ^^^^^ 
Ann Furse maid servant of Mr Risden of Fairfield, Ct. vr.m 

License to Peter Harris to practise medicine and surgery. m "fw* 

Letter from Gov. Nicolls to the inhabitants of Long Island, ^yinln 
informing them of the king's declaration of war against Hoi- J5r!i?8 
land, that they must report the appearance of any hostile fleet 
on the coast, and if as it had been reported, De Ruyter should 
attempt to recover New York, they must be ready to assist in 
its defense. 

Also printed in New York colonial history, 14:568. 

Lettei-s from Gov. Nicolls to John Winlhrop, governor of •'^""•^ 
Connecticut, Richai'd Rellingham, governor of Massachusetts, ^^-^'^ 
Thomas Prince, governor of Plymouth, and Benedict Arnold, 
governor of Rhode Island, urging the necessity of union and co- 
operation against ^ the Common Enemy ' the Dutch, and his 
expectation of a hostile visit from the flet^t of Admiral De Ruyter, 

with inclosed instructions fiH>m the king. 
Also printed in New York colonial history , 14:507. 

Passport for Jaciiues Cousseau to sail in the Jane, Dirick Jan- ^^f^ 
sen, master, for Hamburg, with merchandise. ^^ ^^ 

Order of Gov. Nicolls putting John Richbell in possession of ^f^ 
land in Horse Neck, near Oyster Hay, claimed by John Conkling, ^^' '* 
the case having been decided at the general meeting at Hemp- 
stead. 

Warrant to the constable and ()V(^rsi*ers of Flushing, directing '^^iS, 
them to see that the estate of Joseph Langton deceased be not p''-*®^ 
wasted but preserved for liis crcnlitors or children. 

Order directing John d(^ Capres to appear before the governor Julys 

ms ISO 

on Monda}', July 10 and made good his title to a certain parcel p»^-18i 
of * ffly land ' "^ at Maspeth. 

a Probably low meadow land. 



72 NKIW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1665 

ms^M Liberty granted to Jacob Vis of New York to sell his house and 

^^ lot near New Castle, Delaware bay. 

mtm Warrant for a hue and cry for the arrest of Edward Wintuck 

^^' and Humphrey Hill servants of Jonathan Selwick and Robert 

Usher. 
mifi»8i License to William Darvall to trade in all the colonies. 

pr. 188 

Sep. 26 Discharge granted to Edward Miller. 

msilS? 
pr.482 

GENERAL ENTRIES, V. i 

1664-65 



Notice to Com'rs Nicolls, Cartwright and Maverick 

[pi] A Copy of an Order delivered to his Ma.**®® Com." at their 

arrivall in Nantascott Roade neare Boston. July. 1664. 

At a General Court held at Boston in New-England the 
18.^ May. 1664. 

This Court being informed, That some of his Ma.*'^ shipps are 
on their Voyage to these pts, in which are severall Gentlemen of 
Quality, Doe therefore order, That the Capt.* of the Castle, on 
the first sight and knowledge of their approach, giue speedy 
Notice thereof to the hon.'^^ Governor and Deputy Governo.^; 
And that Capt.* James Oliver t^ Capf.*^ W.^^ Davyes are hereby 
ordered forthwith to repair on Board the said shipps and to 
acquaint those Gentlemen, that this Court hath & doth by them 
present their Respects to them, And that it is the desire of the 
authority of this place That they take strict Order that their 
under offic.^® and souldy." in their coming on shoare to refresh 
themselves at no time exceede a convenient Number and that 
without armes, and that they behauo Ihemselues orderly amongst 
his Ma.^^^ good subjects here, and bee carefull of givinge offence 
to the People, and Lawes of this place; and invite them on 
shoare provision being made for their pres.^ refreshm.^ by the 
said Capt* Oliver, and the managem.* of the military Enter- 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 73 

tainem.^ and the Guard is left to bee ordered by the Major 
Gen.i^ and militia of Boston, with respect to their hon.^* Recep- 
tion. 



Letter from ComVs NicoUs and Cartwright to Gov. Winthrop [p. «] 

To o.'^ hon.'^ ffriend John Winthrop, Esq/ 
Governo.*" of Connecticott. 

S/ 

111 weather & winds having forced us at present from our in- 
tended port & meeting with this oppertunity, wee must let you 
know by Paper, what wee thought to haue told you by word, 
That his Ma.^^ hath sent us with commission into these pts to 
doe him some service neare joJ Governmen.* & as soone as wee 
haue fitted our selves, & enquired after o/ Associates, (for our 
long Voyage and ill weather haue put us into some disorder,) 
wee shall make haste to you, and wee giue you this Notice that 
you may bee y® more ready to assist us, according to his Ma.^®* 
Expectacon, by which you will also much oblige 
from Anchor neare yo.^ humble serv.** 

Nantascott Islands Richard Nioolls 

July. 22. 1664. George Cartwright 



Letter from ComVs Nicolls and Cartwright to Sir Robert Carr [p. 2] 

To S.^ Robert Carr k.^ on board the Elyas at Pascataway. 

S.' 

Wee are exceedingly glad to heare that you and tlie 2: other 
shipps are safe; Wee came purposely, into this harbo.'^ to enquire 
after you, and haue sent this messenger on purpose to you to 
let you know where wee are, and to desire you to make what 
haste you can to us, and to send us word back by this messenger, 
(whom wee desire you to dispatch with speed) what provisions 
you want for the souldy.", and they shalbee provided against yo.*" 
coming. Our sliipp is at Anchor at Nantascott, on the backe 



74 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

side of Pembertons Isle, where you are with great eamestnesse 
expected 

yo/ affectionate friends & serv.*" 

R. NiCOLLS 

Such another letter was sent at Geo. Cartwright 

the same time to m/ Mavericke. 



f^- ®^ Letter from ComYs Nicolls and Cartwright to Sir Henry Bennett 

To the right Hona.***« S^ Henry Bennett Knight, princi- 
pal! Secretary of State, these humbly p^sent. 

Honoureil Sir. 

At the begining of Our Voyage the Windes were so favourable 
to us, that in 14 dayes. Wee gained 400 Leagues of our way; but 
afterwards, we were constantly cross't w^** contrary windes, or 
Galmes or ffoggs, in one of w^** we parted Company, The Guyny 
in w*^^ we were, on ya 21^*^ Instant, was found to be near Cape 
Codd, w^^ made us resolve for Boston, to enquire after Our Con- 
sorts, being assured that with a West, South West W^inde, they 
could not recover the Port we had resolved for, (Gardners-Island.) 
Wee cast Anchor two dayes after at Nantascor, and thence went 
10 Miles to Boston, Wee heard of the other Shipps, being Safe 
at Piscatoway, GO Miles to the North-East, whether, wee dis- 
patched a Messenger on Sundtay after Sunset, assoone as their 
Sabbath was ended, assoone as they come to us Wee intend to 
Set forwards towards the Manhatoes, being cert.ainly informed 
that all the English upon long Island, have wholly throwne off 
the Dutch GovernmS Providence having brought us to Boston, 
Wee were desirous to improve all opportunity, and therefore first 
desired to waite on the (rovernor, but he was not well, being 75 
yeares Aged, M^ Leverett their Major Generall treated us civilly, 
and Assured us, that on Tuesday the Counc(»ll was to meete, 
which they did ac(?ordingly, the GovtM'uor appeared there, but 
Stayed not, being very Cvnz'w,^ Wee founde the Deputy Gover- 
nor, Secretary, and Sev(»n more of the ('ouncell, to whom wee 



a i. e. in ill health. 



QBNBRAL EINTRIES, 1664-65 75 

delivered his Ma.**^ Letter, and after, Shewed them his Ma.**" 
CommissioD, when bath were read by the Secretary, Wee Ac- 
quainted tliem, that Wee had designed Gardners Island for Our 
first Port, but God by his providence, by crosse windes and ffoggs, 
had brought us thither, and presented them with an oppertunity 
of testifying their loyalty to the King, and their Zeale for his 
Service, which w*^out this providence, they would have wanted, 
for being now on Our way, towards the reducing of the Man- 
hadoes to the obedience and Governm* of his Ma."® and his 
Ma.^ having particularly recommended it to all his Colonyes, 
they might now by giving us their advice and Assistance sett 
a good Example to y® other Colonyes, Encourage Our Souldiers, 
and dishearten the Dutch, and more, demonstrate their obedi- 
ence and affeccon to his Ma.*^® then by any other thing they 
could doe, They p^sently returned us Answer, they were very 
ready to Assist us, and serve his Ma.**® but they were poore, and 
it was harvest, and we might have men nearer. Yet hoped that 
we had brought strength sufficient to doe what wee intended; 
To w^, we Answered, that indeed we did hope (by Gods blessing) 
to doe the businesse designed w*^out their Assistance, otherwise 
we should not have appointed the East end of Long Island for 
Our first Port, but providence having cast us vpon their Coast 
first. Wee thought it Our Duty, both to acquaint them, being of 
his Ma**®^ Councell there, w*^ Our d(*signe, and to give them 
this oppertunity to shew their loyalty, and to Stop the Aloutln»8 
of all those Slaunderers, who report them to be disaffected to 
his Ma.^*^ Governm*^, and will be a very greate consequence to 
what we menconed before, and to their own advantage — it being 
the readyest meanes to procure from his Ma."® what they thinke 
necessary for their great happy nesse. And Wee tould them that 
(if wee were not deceived in the promises and informacions made 
to us) we would not trouble Ihem, for the Supply they should 
offer us, we would not now take with us, but leave them to take in 
their Harvest, and if there were occasion, we desired they might 
be ready to march to us, On the 20^^ Aug^ next, and assoone as 
we understood how affaires stood, wee would give them an Ac- 



76 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

compt, and if possible Stopp all furth^ proceedings in relacon 
to their Assistance, and that the Hast we were in, would not 
Suffer us to enter upon any thei* businesae, but assoone as we had 
di8pat(!hed this, wee would Acquaint them w^^ what his Ma.^® 
had .further given us in Command; And because we thought his 
Ma.^*^* Instruccons to us, would be our best expressions to them, 
We there gave them that part of Our Instruccions in writing, 
and desired that they would seriously ponder them, and retume 
us their resolucon, the same night they sent us their Answer, 
^ch ^.^ thought was not according to their duty, and much short 
of Our expectacon, and soe wee did let the Gentlemen know that 
brought it. The next Morning the same (Jlentlemen (2 of the 
Councell) desired that we would give them Our proposall in 
Writing and they would returne Us their Answer, which we did; 
And after dinner this day, reed this their Answer, which we 
have sent here inclosed, U[»on this we mett the Governor and 
Councell together, and declared that we were not siitisfied with 
it, for the Accompt of it, would no way please his Ma.**® And 
as Our duty is to rej>resent his Ma.*'^^^ care, and favour to yo", 
soe you are to represent your duty and obedience* to his Ma^% w***^ 
this comes much short of. Besides the oth<T Colonyes w^^ whom 
they are confederate, and to whome tli(\v are an Example, may 
by this perad venture, put us oil" too, to a Gen.*^^ Assembly, and so 
retard this businesse w*^'^ his MaJ*"^ re(|uin»s should be vigorously 
prosecuted. That we should spend this Summ(»r and doe noth- 
ing, which if it happen, (which God forbid) Wee must lay the 
fault at their Doore, we also tould them though Our leasure 
would not pei-mitt us, now to enter u[K)n any further businesse 
w^*^ them, yet sinc(? th(\v had put otT this busim^ssc to a Gen.*" 
Ass«Mnblv, we must nei^ls miude Wwm of his Ma.^'*'** Letter to 
them of v*-' 28^^' June l()t»2. menconed now in this last Lre. and 
pray thcMu to j)ut that in (^xecucon w*'' his Ma.^*** desired, and 
what thcv bv their Charter were ol>rH'i;ed to, This is all that 
w<t can let yo" know at p'^sent, This Slji[>p was ready to Saile 
when we arrived here, and Staycnl only for this Paclv<4t, by the 
next I*ost yo" shall have an Accompt of what more we under- 



QBNBRAL EINTRIES, 1664-65 77 

stand, and of better, (Wee hope,) from yo^ most humble Serv.** 
R. N. & G. C. 



Proposal from Com'rs NicoUs and Cartwright to the governor Lp sJ 
and council of Massachusetts Bay colony 

A proposall made by his Ma.^*®" Com/^ to the Gov^ernor 
and Councell at Boston July 27.<^ 1664 

In obedience to his Ma.^*®" Commands, for y® more effectuall 
nieanes of reducing the Dutch Plaiitacon, who have, contrary 
to all right and justice, Usurped, and are now possessed of his 
Ma.^^** Dominions in and near adjoyning to JIudsons River in 
America, Wee doe in his Ma.^*^* Name propose to the Governor 
and Councell of his Ma.^**** Colony of Messachusetts J3ay as fol- 
loweth. That they will make an Act to furnish us w^^ such a 
Number of men Armed, as they can spare, and that they may 
begin theii* March on the 20^^ of August next, if in the meane 
time, we finde we can p^vaile by Treaty, or by other Assistance 
of his Ma.**^ Subjects neai'er the place. Wee promise to give 
them Accompt, and to Stopp the further Charge and progresse 
of the men, And Sooner we Aske them not, that y® objection 
of Harvest time may be be taken .away, w^*^ Act we conceive 
will be a Signall testimony of their complyance w^^ his Ma."'^'* 
affaires, of givat Honour to this Colony, and of good Example to 
all the rest. R. N. 

July. 27.^^ J. C. 



Answer from the council of Massachusetts Bay colony to tp «] 

ComVs Nicolls and Cartwright 

Boston in New England. 27.^^ July. 1664. 

In Answer to a ProjK)sicon made, by the Hono.^^^ Coll. Richard 
Nicolls and Coll. George Cailwright, in his Ma.^*^ Name for 
Assistance in his Ma.^*^ Service for the re<lucing of the Mon- 
hatoes, by raising and furnishing a Number of Souldiers, to 
begin their March on the twentieth of Aug®' next, if in the 



/ 



78 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

meane time the said Gentlemen shall not See cause to discharge 
them, and Stay their further progresse, The Councell Assembled 
being very desirous to testifie their loyaltie to his Ma.^ and 
readynesse to promote y® interest of the English Nation, have 
passed an Act requiring the Generall Court of this Colony to 
Assemble together at Boston the 8*^ Aug®^ next, to whom we 
shall communicate his Ma^®" T^etter, and this abovesaid Pro- 
posalls, for their advice. Assistance, and concurance therein, 

By the Councell. 

Edw. Raw^son, Seer. 



tp. 7] From ComVs Nicolls and Cartwright to Gov. Wintfarop 

To Our honouit^d fifriend, John Winthrop, Esq/ 
Governor of Conecticot. 
Sir. 

Though we sent to yo" by a Bai'ke from Nantascor 7 dayes 
agoe to let yo" know, of Our Arrivall, meeting here w*^ yo*" Sonn, 
^th xviiom we have had much discourst* and are verv well sat- 
isfied with the Acconipt w^*^ he hath given us, of yo^ proceedings 
uj)on long Island, W(»e thoughi good to l(»t yo" know, that now 
all Our Shii>ps b(Mug arrived here, we intend w^^ the first winde 
to Set Saile for tht^ Manhatc^es, And Wheivas his Mji*^® hath 
given us Command to take the best advice we can get, and to 
require Assistance, if n(»ed be of any, or all his Ma^**" Plan- 
tacons, Wi*e Earnest] v desire yo" to give us vo"" advice and 
Assistance, for the more sp(MMly l)ringing to j)asse what his Ma*^® 
hath given us in command to doe, and that yo" would meete us 
on y® west end of long Island, for yo^ j)''seuce there, will much 
advantage his Ma.^*^"-** atfaires. At Our mc^eting. Wee shall give 
yo" a Lre from his Ma.^'^* in y^ m(»an tim(^ wee have s(*nt yo" one 
from mv Lord Chancellor, and refcM- Our discourse? wiili your 
Sonn, to his relacon, not doubling both of yo^, and our owne 
full Satisfaccon, Wee rest vo^ affc^c. tfriends & serv.^ K. N. G. C. 

7 *J 

29th Julv 1GG4. Boston. 



GBNBRAL HNTRIBS, 1664-65 79 

Royal commissioners proclamation [p. 7] 

A Pi*oclamation to publish the designe of y® Com'*; 
By his Ma.**®* Command. 

Forasmuch as his Ma.'*® hath sent us by Commission under his 
Great Seale of England, (amongst other things) to expell or to 
reduce to his Ma."®* obedience, all such fiforraigners, as have 
w^^out his Ma.**®* leave and consent seated themselves amongst 
any of his Dominions in America, to the prejudice of his Majes- 
ties Subj(H>ts, and the diminucon of his Royall Dignity, Wee his 
Ma.**®" Com." doe declare and promise, that whosoever, of what 
Nationsoever, will upon knowledge of this Proclamacon Ac- 
knowledge and testifie themselves to Submitt, to his Majesties 
Ciovernm*, a« his good Subjects ought to doe, shall be protected 
by his Ma.**®* Lawes and Justice, and peaceably Enjoy whatever 
Gods blessing, and their owne honest Industry have furnished 
them with, and all other priviledges w*^ his Ma.**®" English Sub- 
jects, Wee have caused this to be published that we might 
p^vent all inconveniences to others, if it were possible, however 
to cleare Ourselves from y® Charge of all those miseryes, that 
any way may befall such as live here, and will not acknowledge 
his Ma.*^® for their Soveraigne, whom God p^serve. 



Military ordinances [p. 8] 

Ordinances to be observed by all Officers and Souldi.** 

1 None shall blaspheme God, and if any doe, he shall be pun- 
ished bv death. 

2 None shall sweare or Curse, by w^^ God is dishonoured. 
Christian Religion discredited, and those amongst whom we live 
offended; if any offend in this kinde, Iuh^ shall pay 12.^^ for each 
fault, or be punished at discrecon, 

3 None shall do vii^leuee to the person of any, not in Armes 
ag** us whether Christian, or Indian, by killing, wounding, or 
beating them; if any doe, he shall be punished in the same kinde. 



80 NBfW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

4 None shall ravish any woman, whether Christian, or Indian; 
if any doe, they shall suffer death. 

5 None shall plunder, or by force take away the Goods of any, 
not in Armes against us, whether Christian or Indian, of what 
kinde soever, the Goods be, if any doe, hee shall Suffer death 
for it. 

6 All (Officei-s and Souldi.^*) shall readily obey all Orders, and 
Commands, w^*^ they sliall receive from their Superiors, if any 
offend herein, hee shall be punished according to the hainous- 
uesse of the Crime. 

7 If any Officer or Souldier shall by words endeavo'^ to make 
a Mutiny, or offer to strike, or draw his sword against his Su- 
perior Officer, hee shall Suffer death. 



[p.8j Gov. Stuyvesant's first letter 

Governor Stuyvesants 1.^ Letter. 
Right Hono.*'^^ Sirs. 

Whereas Wee have reed Intelligence that about 3 dayes since, 
there arrived an English man of Warr, or ffriggott in the Bay 
of the North Kiver belonging to the new Netherlands, and since 
that, three more are arrived, by what Order, or p'^tence, is yet 
unknowne to us, and having reed various reports, concerning 
their arrivall, vpon this Coast, and not being apt to entertaine 
any thing of p^judice intended against us. Have l)y Order of the 
Commander in Chiefe of y*^ new Netherlands thought it con- 
veni(*nt and re(iuisit(s to send the Worsp." the Bearers hereof, 
(that is to say), The Worsp." John Declyer, one of the Chiefe 
Councill, The reverend J(»hn Megapolensis Minisf^, Paule Leen 
<ler vandergrist. Major of this Towne, and have Joyned w^ them, 
Nf Sam. Megapolensis, Doctor in Physick, whom by these p^'sents 
[I J have appointed, and th Ordered, that w^ the utmost re- 
spect and civillity, they doe desire and entreate of the Coman- 
d(»r in Chief(», of tlu^ aforesaid mm of Warr, or Ifriggotts, the 
intent and meaning of their approach, and continuing in the 
llarbour of Nayacly, without giving any notice to us, or first 



OBNBRAL SINTRIES, 1664-65 81 

acquaiDiing us w^^ their dosigue, w*^** Action hath caused much 

admii"ation in us, having not reed any timely knowledge of the 

same, w^^ in resj)ect to y^ GovcM'nni^ of the place, they ought, 

and were o!)lieged to have done; Wherefore upon the consid- 

eracon aforesd, It is desired and intreated from the Gen.*^^ of the 

aforesd men of Warr or flrigg*^, as alsoe from Our before 

deputed Agents, whom we desire your FTono" civilly to treat, 

and to give and render to them the occasion of yo*" arrivall here, 

upon this Coast, and you will give an oppertunity (that after 

Our hearty Salutes, and well wishes of your health) to pray that 

yo^ may bee blessed in eternity, and alwayes remaine, Bight 

Hon.^^« Sirs, 

Your Hono^^ affec. ffriend & serv.* 

P. Stuyvissant 

By Order and appointm* of the Governor & Commander 
in chiefe of y® Councill of y® N: Netherljinds. 

Dated in ffort Anill in Cor. Buyvbn, Secret. 

New Netherlands y^-^l^^ 

Aug.** 1664. 



Com'r Nicolls answer and summons ^^'^ 

Col Nicolls his Answer 

& Summons. To the Hono.*>^® the Governor and Chiefe 

Councell at the Manhatans. 

Bight worthy Sirs. 

I reed a letter by some worthy Persons intrusted by you, bear- 
ing date the IJ Aug.»^ desiring to know the intent of the ap- 
proach of the P^nglish ffriggotts, in returne of w^^ I thinke it fit 
to let you know, That his Ma.^^ of Great Britane whose right 
and Title to these parts of America is unquestionable, well know- 
ing how much it derogates from his Crowne and Dignitie, to 
Suffer any forraigners, how near soever they be allyed, to usurpe 
a Dominion, and w^^out his Ma.*^**^ Boyall consent, to Inhabit 
in these, or any other his Ma.*^*^ Territoryes, hath Commanded 



82 NDW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

me in bis name to require a Surrender of all such fiforts, Townes, 
or places of strength, which are now possessed by the Dutch, 
under yo^^ Commands. And in his Ma.^^^ Name, I do demand 
the Towne, Scituate upon the Island commonly knowne by the 
Name of Manhatoes w*^ all the fforts there unto belonging, to 
be rendered unto his Ma.*^^ obedience, and Protection into my 
hands. 

I am further commanded to assure yo", and every respective 
Inhabitant of the Dutch Nation, That his Ma.^*^ being tender of 
the effusion of Christian blood, doth by these p^'sents confirme 
and Secure to every man hip Estate, life, and liberty, who shall 
readily submitt to his Government, And all those who shall op- 
pose his Ma."^ gracious intencon, must exi)ect all the miseryes 
of a War, w^*^ they bring upon tliemselves; 

I shall expect yo*" Answer by these Gentlemen, Coll George 
Cart Wright, one of his Ma.*-*^ Com™ in America, Cap.^ Robert 
Needham, Cap.*^ Edward Groues, and ]\P Thomas Delavall, whom 
vou will int^rtaine, and treale with such civillitv, as is due to 
them, and yo^ selves and yo.™ shall receive the same, from 

Worthv Sirs 

* Your verv humble Serv.^ 
Dated on Board his Ma.**^ Rich Nicolls. 

Shij)p, the Guyny riding before 
Nayck the 20 Aug.«^ 1004. 



tp-^^l Com'r Nicolls to Gov. Stuyvesant 

These to the Ilono.*''® the Governor of the Manhatoes. 

rionoured Sir. 

The neglect of Signing this inclosed Iv<*tter, when it w^as first 
brought to yo^ hands, by Coll Geo: Cartwright, was an omission 
w^*^ is now anuMided, and I must attribute the neglect of it at 
first, to the over hasty zeale I had in dispatching my Answer 
to y® Letter I reed from you dated ^g^'^ instant, I have nothing 
more to add, either in matter or ITorme, then is therein ex- 



QBNEBAL SNTRIBS, 1664-65 83 

pressed, only that yo*" speedy Answer is necessary to prevent 
future inconveniences, and will very much obliege. 

. Your affectionat humble Serv> 
By the hands of Cap.^ Ri : Nicolls. 

Willm Hill, Cap.t Rob^ 
Needham, and Capt. 
Math: Nicolls. 



Petition of inhabitants of Westchester [p. m 

To the Hono.^*® his Ma.**^ Com." for the affaires 
of new England, The Inhabitants of West Chester 
Humbly Shew. 

1 That the said Tract of Land called West Chester, was pur- 
chased for large Sumes, under the Title of England by M*" Tho. 
Pell, of the knowne Auncient proprietors in y® yeare 1654. 

2 The pretond(*d power of the Manhatoes, did thereupon con- 
tinue protesting ag.^' «and threating of the said Plantacon keep- 
ing the Inhabitants at continuall watch and ward, untill at 
length the persons of Tewnty three Inhabitants of west Chester 
aforesaid, were Seized under Commission from the said Powers, 
committed Prisonei-s into the Hould of a Vessel, where they 
continued in restraint from all friends, for the space of thirteene 
dayes, fed w^*^ rotten Provision creej)ing w^^ wormes, whereby 
some of them remaine diseased to this day, after w*^^, they were 
carryed aw^ay in Chaines, and layed in their Dungeon at Man- 

9 

hatoes. 

3 That the said Inhabitants, had perished w^*^ famine in the 
said Imprisonm^, but for the reliefe obtained at other hands. 

4 That all this suffering was inflicted on them under noe other 
pretence, but that they were opposers of y® Dutch Title to the 
Lands aforesd. 

5 That when the said p^tended powers, had freed the said 
Prison" and introduced their owne Govemm^ over the sd Plan- 
tacon, They drove away such as would not Submit to their 
p'^tended Authority, to their greate Endamagem*, and the en- 
slaving of Such as remained. 



84 NmV YORK STATB LIBRARY 

C) That when in May ir>6;^. the said Plantacon was reduced to 
th(» Kin^s Authority, by vertue of his Ma.*^^ Patent to Conecti- 
eutt, ihe pretended powers aforesaid, sent in hostile manner, 
for reriaiue Inhabitants of West Chester, whom they confined 
in Mauhatoes, and the next day sent for one M^ Richard Mills,** 
whom th(»y cast into their Dungeon, and afterwards soe used 
him for thirty eight dayes space, as there are yet, strong and 
crying presumtions they caused his death, which followed sooue 
after. 

7 That the unreasonable damage of the Purchaser, and the 
low estate of this Plantacon, occasioned by the premisses, hath 
had no other n^compence to this day, but new threatenings, and 
thereby an utter obstruction from the peopleing and improving 
of a hopefull Tountrey, all which as an unsufferable abuse to 
his Koyall Ma.^**^ and Our English Nation, is humbly offered to 
the consideracon of the Hono.**'*" ('om mission"^*. 



Tp 12] ConiY Nicolls to Gov. Winthrop 

M*" Winthrop. 

As to those* particulars yo" s[>ok(* to me of, I do assure yo" 
that if the Manhadoes be delivenKl up to his Ma.^^, I shall not 
hindcn*, but any p(H)[»le from the Netherlands may freely come 
and plant then*, or there abouts, And such Vessells of their 
owne Country may freely come thither and any of them may as 
freely returni* home, in V^*ssells of their owne County, and this, 
and much more is contained in the priviledge of his Ma.**^ 
English Subjects, and thus much yo" may, by what meanes yo" 
please, assure the Governor, from, Sir. 

Your verv atTectionate serv.^ 
August 22^: 1004. Rich. Nicolls. 



a A schoolmaster who had taught school previously on Lonj? Islaod. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 85 

License to beat a drum [p isi 

A liconso to boato a Drnin. 

Whereas by veitue of his Ma.^^^ p-aiit to his Brother y^ Duke 
of York<» and of his Koyall Highness his Coininission to me, 1 
have (Miiployed ihese (JentUMiien M^ Jii." Coe, and M^ Elias 
Watts, to raise what men they can for his nig;heness his Service, 
I therefore df'sire that thev niav have free liberty to beate their 
Drums, for that end and purpose in any Towne or Village in the 
West end of this Jshuid, and for so doing this shall be yo^ War- 
nint, (iiv(»n under my hand at (iravesend, Aug*^ 24>^ 1604. 
To the Magistrates of Uichakd Nicolls. 

Middle!) rough Tlissen,'* 
Jamaica, Hampstead. 



Gov. Stuyvesant to Com'r Nicolls [p. is] 

Governo^ Stuvvesants Lre to Coll. Nicolls. 

ft. 

Mv Lord. 
Upon Our Ire the day b(»fore yesterday, and upon y® communi- 
cacon by word of mouth of Our D(*puty(*s, touching the just 
right and possession w^^^out dispute, of my Lords the States 
Gc^nerall of the united Provinces, as alsoe of Our discovery of 
the Newes from Holland, w'^ makes us not to doubt, but that 
the King of Great Britain<», and my Lords the said States, are at 
this hour agr^^d upon their limits. This had given us hope (my 
Lord) to Jivoyd all disi)ute that yo" would have desisted from 
your designee or at least have given time that we might attend 
an Answer from Our Masters, from w^** expectacon wee have 
\yeim frustrated by the report of Our said Deputies, who have 
assuN^d us by word of mouth, that yo" persist on yo*" Sumons 
and Ire of |JJ Aug.^ upon which we have no other thing to An- 
swer, but that following the Order of my T^rds, the States 
Gen.^" w(* are oblieged to defend Our place, however, in regard 
that we make no doubt, tliat upon yo'' assault and Our defence, 

a FlushiDg. 



86 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

there will be a great deale of blood spilt, and besides, its to be 
feared, greater difficulty may arise hereafter. Wee have thought 
fitt to send unto vo" M^ John de Decker Councellor of State, 
Cornelius van Eiven Secretary and Receiver, Cornelius Steen- 
wicke Major and James Cousceau, Sherriffe, to the end of finding 
some meanes to hinder, and prevent the spilling of innocent 
blood, w^*^ we esteeme (My Lord) not to be yo*" intention, praying 
yo" that yo" will please to appoint a place & hour, and send, 
or cause yo^ Deputyes to meete there, with full Commission to 
treat, and seeke out the meanes of a good accommodacon, and 
in the meane time, to cause all hostillity to cease, vpon which 
after recomending yo" to the Protection of God, Wee remaine, 
My Lord*. 

Your thrice affectionate flFriend & Serv> 
The Manhatoes in P. Stuyvisant. 

the ffort of Amsterdam 
in New Holland. 4^^ 
Septembr. 1664. New stile, [O. S. Aug. 25.] 



[p. H] Com*r Nicolls to Gov. Stuyvesant 

To the Hono.^^^ the Governor of the Manhatoes. 

Eight Worthy Sir. 

In Answer to yo" of y^ 4^*^ Sepiembr new Stile, by the hands 
of John Decker, Councellor of Stat<\ ('ornelius van Riven Secre- 
tary, and Receiver, Cornelius Stenwick Burgo-Master, and James 
Cousseau Sherriffe J doe thinke it once more agreeable to the 
Kings Intentions, and my Duty to his Strict Commands, to pro- 
pose and receive all wayes and meanes of avoiding the effusion 
of Christian blood, of which ciucerne intention, I suppose yo^ 
are already fully satistied, and shall have no cause to doubt it, 
for the future, as also, that I doe insist vpon my first Summons 
and message to yo", for a speedy surrender of the Townes and 
fforts, now under yo^ Command, into his Ma.^*^* obedience & 
Proteccon, You may easily beloive, that in respect of greater 



r.ENERAL DNTRIES, 1664-65 87 

difficulties which are ready to attend vo", 1 should willingly com- 
ply \\^^ your proposicon, to appoint Deputyes, place, and time, 
to treat of a good accomodacon, but unles yo" had also given nn* 
to know, that by such a meeting yo" doe intend to ti*eat upo)i 
Articles of Surrender, I do not S(»e just cause to deferr the pur- 
suance of his Ma."*® Commands, my tirst demand, and my last 
Answer, of reducing yo^ Townes, and Iforts, to his Ma."*® obedi- 
ence, w^^^ why yo^ call Acts of hostillity, I see no reason; 

However, since yo" have given yo^ selfe, and Messenger this 
new trouble, I shall also take this fresh occasion, to assure yo-* 
that 1 heartily wish h(»alth, peace and jirosperity to every In- 
habitant of yo'' Plantacons, and particularly to yo^ selfe, as 

being 

Your affectionate humble Serv.^ 

Richard Nicolls. 
Grauesend 2b^^ Aug.®^ 1664. 



Gov. Stujrvesant to Com'r Nicolls [p. is] 

(loverno^ Stuyvesant's Answer by Cap^ Hill &c. 
Sir 

Even now we riH'd yo^ of y^ ^ Aug®^ by yo^ Deputyes Cap.^ 
Willm Hill, Robert Xeedham, and Mathias Nicolls, concerning 
w°^. (if it please (iod) we shall fully Answer yo^ to morrow, 
nieane time we Salute yo^, and commend yo" to y* Proteecon of 
God & i*est 

S^ Yo^ all'ectionate ffriend & Serv^ 

AmstMam: Sept. 1^ P Stuyvesant. 

new stile, 1664. [O. S. Aug 22] 



Gov. Stuyvesant*s answer to summons [p. is] 

Governor Stuyvesants Answer to y^ Ire of Summons. 
Mv Lords 
Y'our 1st Ire unsigned of 20 August, together w'** that of this 
day Signed according to tforme being the 1,^ of Sept. have beene 



88 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

safely delivered into o^ hands, by yo^ Depiityes, unto which wee 
shall say; 

That the rights of his Ma.*^*® of England nnto any pte of Amer- 
ica here about, amongst the rest unto y^ Colonyes of Uirginia, 
Maryland, or others in New England, whether disputable or not, 
is that w^^ for the p^sent, wee have no designe to debate upon; 
But that his Ma*^*® hath an indisputable right to all the Lands 
in the North parts of Amenca, is that w^*^ the Kings of fiPrance 
and Spaine will disallow, as we absolutely do, by vertue of a 
Commission given to me by my Lords the high and mighty States 
Gen.*^^ to be Governo^ Gen^^ over New Holland, the Isles of 
Curaco, Bonaire, Aruba, with theire appurtenances and depend- 
ances beaiing date 2G^^^ of July 1()4G, As also by vertue of a 
Grant & Commission given by my said Lords the high and 
mighty States Gen.^" to y® West India Company in the Yeare 
1621 w*^ as much Power and as Authentique, as his said Ma.^* 
of England hath given or can give to any Colony in America, 
as more fully appeares by the Patent and Commission of the 
said Lords the States Gen.®^* by them Signed, Registred, and 
Sealed w^^ their Great Scale, which were Shewed to yo*" Depu- 
tyes. Coll. George Cai-twright, Caj)^ Robeii: Needham, Capt Ed- 
ward Groves, and M^ Tho. Delavall, by w^^ Commission and 
Patent together, (to deale frankly w*^^ yo") and by divers Lres 
Signed and Sealed by Our said Lords the States Gen*^^, directed 
to Severall psons both Englisli and Dutch, Inhabiting the 
Tow^nes & Vilhiges on long Island (which w^^^out doubt have 
been produced before yo" by those Inhabitants) by w*'^ they are 
declared & Acknowledged to be their Subjects, w^ express Com- 
mand that they continue faithfull unto them, under penalty of 
incurring their utmost displeasure, w^^ makes it appear more 
Cleare then the Sun at noon day, That yo^ first foundacon, vizt, 
(That the right and Title of his Ma.^'^ of Great Brittaine to these 
parts of America is unquestionable) is absolutely to be denyed; 

Moreover its without dispute, and acknowledged by all y® 
world, that Our Predecessor-^ by vertue of the Commission and 
Patent of the said Lords the States Gen^", have without Con- 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 89 

troule, and peaceably (the contrary never coming to Our knowl- 
edge) Enjoyed ffort Orange about 48 or 50 Yeares, the Manhat- 
ans about 41 or 42« Yeares, the South River 40 Yeares, & y® 
ffreshwater River about 30 vea.^ 

Touching the Second Subject of yo*" Ire, (vizt,) his Ma.*^® hath 
Commanded me in his name to require a Surrender of all such 
fiforts, Townes, or places of Strength, w°^ now are possessed by 
the Dutch under yo^ Command, Wee shall Answer, That wee 
are so confident of the discrecon and equity of his Ma.^*^ of 
Great Brittaine, that in case his Ma.^'^® were informed of the 
truth, w^^ is, that the Dutch came not into these provinces by 
any violence, but by vertue of Commission from my Lords th«i 
States Gen.*" first of all in the yeare 1014. 1015. and 1016. up 
the noilh River neare ffort Orange, where to hinder the Inva- 
sions, and Massacres commonly committed by the Salvages, they 
built a Little ITort, and after in the Yeare 1022 and even to this 
p^sent time by vertue of Commission and Grant to y® Governo"* 
of the West India Company, and moreover in y® yeare 1050 a 
Grant to y® Ilono.^^® the Burgomast" of Amsterdam of the South 
River, In so much that by vertue of the above said Commission 
from the high and mighty States Gen.*" given to y® Psons inter- 
rested aforesd, and others. These Provinces have been Governed 

a Gov. Stnyvesant here makes a claim of eettlemeiit by the Dutch at Fort 
Orange or Albany in 1614 or 1616; at New York in 1622 or 1623; on Delaware 
river in 1624 and on the Connecticut river in 1628. No settlenieuts by the Dutch 
making permanent homes with tlirir families for a life residence were made in 
the province of New York till 1624 when accordin;; to Wassenaer's HistarUch 
Verhaelj or Historical account of all tJm memorable events in Europe.., and Ameri- 
ca happening fro^m 1621 to 1632, 7:11, the first ship from Holland with 
coloniHts came here with a company of 30 families in the first week in May 
and sailed up the Hudson river to wIuto Albany now is, and there left most of 
these colonists to found new homeH. Manhattan Island accordiuf^ to the same 
authority was not settled till the spring of 1626. But Dutch shij)S had been 
here trading with the Indians for peltry an<l furs from 1614 to the settlements in 
1624 and 1626, and when the ships returned to the mother country they carried 
home all the men they brought, so that Gov. Stnyvesant treats a trading voyage 
as if it were a settlement for permanent residence, and ignores John Cabot's first 
discovery and visit in 1497, as well as frequent trading voyages of the French up 
the Hudson river before Henry Hudson was born, and Verazzano's visit to the 
harbor of New York in 1524.— (?. R. H. 



90 NFJW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

and consequently Enjoyed, as also in i^gard of their first di»» 
eovery, nninteiTn])ted i>ossession and Purchase of the Lands of 
the Princes, nativcis of the (^ountrey, and other private pei*son8 
(though Gentiles) Wee make ho doubt, that if his said Ma.^^® 
of Great Brittaine wen* well informed of these passjiges, hee 
would be too judicious to (Jrant Such an Order, principally in 
a time when there is so straight a friendship, and confederacy, 
betweene Our said Lords and Superio^% to trouble us in the 
demanding and Summons of the places jind ffortresses w*=^ were 
put in Our hands, w^^ Order to maintaine them in the name of 
the said Lords, the States Gen*"; as was made appeare to y^ 
Deputyes, under the names and 8<»ale of the Said high and 
mighty States Gen.^" Dated 28^^ July KUG. 

Besides what hath beene menconed there is Little probability 
that his siiid Ma.^^^- of England (in regard the Articles of peace are 
pnnted, and were recommended to us to observe seriously and 
exac^tly, (by a Ire written to us by Our sd Tx)rds y® States Gen.*") 
and to cause them to be observed religiously in this Country) 
would give Order touching so dangerous a designe, being also so 
apparent, that none other then my said T^ords the States Gen.*" 
have any right to these provinc<»s and consequently ought to 
Command and maintaine theire Subjects, and in their absence 
wee the Governor Gen.*" are oblieged to maintaine their Rights, 
and to repell and take revenge of all threat nings, injustice, 
Attempts, or any force whatsoever, that shall be committed 
against theire faithfull Subjects and Inhabitants, it being a 
very considerable thing to affront so mighty a State, although 
it were not agtunst an Ally and confederate. 

Consequently, If his said Ma.^^^ (as it's fitt) were well informed 
of all that could be Spoken u])on this Subject, hee would not 
approve of what expi*esisions were menconed in yo^ Ire, which 
are, That you ar(» Commanded by his Ma.^*^ to demand in his 
Name such places and tfortres as are in y^ possession of the Dutch 
under my Governm^ which as it apix^ares by my Commission 
before menconed was given me by my Ix)rds the high and mighty 
States Gen.*" And there is less ground in the express demand 



GETXBRAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 91 

of my Governing Since all the world knowes that about three 
Yeares agone, some English ffriggotts being on y^ Coast of Af- 
rica, upon a pretended Commission they did demand certaine 
places, under the Governm^ of Our sd Lords the States Gen.*^^ 
as Cape Vert, River of Gambo, and all other places in Guyny to 
them belonging; Vpou w*^** Our said Lords the States Gen.*^^ by 
vertue of the Articles of peace, having i^iade appeare the said 
Attempt to his Ma.^** of England, they reed a favourable Answer, 
His said Ma.*^ disallowing all such Acts of hostillity as might 
have been done, and besides gave Order that restitucon should 
be made, to the p]a«t India Company of whatsoever had been pil- 
laged in the said River of Gambo, and likewise restored them to 
their Trade; which makes us thinke it necessary, that a more 
express Order should appeare unto us, a« a Sufficient Warrant 
for us towards my Lords the high and mighty States Gen*"; 
Since by vertue of Our said Commission Wee do in these Prov- 
inces represent them, as belonging to them, and not to the King 
of Great Brittaine, except his sd Ma.^*^ upon better grounds, 
make it appeare to Our sd Lords the States Gen.*" against w^^ 
they may defend themselves, as they shall thinke fitt. 

To conclude we cannot but declare unto yo", though the Gov- 
erno^^ and Com" of his Ma ^^^ hath divers times quarrelled with 
us about the bounds of the Jurisdiccon of the high & mighty the 
states Gen.*" in these ptes, yet they never questioned their Juris- 
diccon it selfe, On the contrary in the yeare 1650. at Hartford, 
and the last yeare at Boston, they treated w*^*^ us vpon this Sub- 
ject, w^^ is a Sufficient proof that his Ma.^'^ h.ath never been well 
informed of y® equity of Our Cause, In so much as We cannot 
imagine in regard of the Articles of peace, betweene y® Crowne 
of England and y^* States Gen.*" (under whom there are so many 
Subjects in America as well as Europe) that his sd Ma.^** of 
Greate Brittaine would give a Commission to molest and en- 
damage* the Subjects of my said Lords the States Gen*", especi- 
ally such as ever Since 50. 40. and y^ latest 36 yea" have quietly 
enjoyed their Lands, Countryes, fforts and Inheritances, And 
lesse that his Subjects would attempt any Acts of hostillity or 



92 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

violence against them; And in case that yo" will Act by force 
of Amies, Wee protest and declare in the name of Our said 
Lords the States Gen^" before God and men, that yo" will Act 
an unjust violence and a breach of the Articles of peace, so 
Solemnly sworne, agreed upon, and ratified by his Ma.**^ of Eng- 
land, and my Lords the States Gen»^'; And y® rather for that to 
p^vent the Shedding of blood, in the Moneth of ffebruary last, 
wee treated w^^ Cap^ John Scott (who reported he had a Com- 
mission fix)m his sd Ma.^®) touching y® I^imits of long Island, 
and concluded for the space of a yeare, that in the meane time 
the businesse might be treated on betvveene y® King of G^ Brit- 
taine, and my Lords the high and mighty States Gen*"; And 
againe at p^sent for the hinderance and p^vencon of all differ- 
ences, and the Spilling of innocent blood, not onely in these 
ptes, but also in Euroi)e, Wee OlTer unto yo" a Treaty, by Our 
Deputyes M'' Cornelius van Ruyven Secretary & Receiver, of 
New Holland, (Jornelius Steenwick Hurgmast^ M^ Sam." Mega- 
polensis Doctor of Physicke, and M' James Cousseau, heretofore 
Sherriffe; 

As touching the threats in yo^ Conclusion we have nothing to 
Answer, only that we feare nothing but what God (who is as just, 
as mercifull) shall lay vpon us, all things being in his gracious 
disposall, and we may as well be p^served by him w^^ small 
forces, as by a greate Army, w^^ makes us to wish yo" all hap- 
pynesse and prosperity, and recommend Vou to his protection. 
My Lords Yo^ thrice humble and afTectionate Serv.*^ 

and ffriend 
At y^ ffort at Amsterdam Signed 

2^ Sept. new Stile P. Stuyvbsant. 

1664. 



GBNBRAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 93 

From the general court of Massachusetts to the royal (p. «i] 

commissioners 

These 

For the ri^^bt Hoiio.**'*^ Coll Richard Nicolls, and 
(V)ll. (looige Cartwii^ht, w^^ other his Ma."«« Hono.*>^« 
Coiniiiissioiiei-s, at Long Island, Monhatoes, 
or else where, present. 

Ilono.^^® Gentlemen. 

Wee have simt the Rean»rs hereof, ( -ap^ Thomas Clarke Cap^ 
John Pinchon, as Our Messengers to aquaint yo" with the motions 
of this Court, concerning yo^ proposicon left for raising and 
sending Souldiers for his Ma.'-**^ Service in reducing the Dutch at 
Manhatoes, whom we pray yo" to Creditt in all things they are 
instructed to c(minuini<ate to yo", and to dispatch them back, 
w^*^ all convenient spee<l, soe vv'^'' our due respects p^sented. Wee 
remaine 

Boston in New Engld. Your Loveing ffriends. 

10.^^ Aug.«^ 1GG4. 

In the name and bv Order of 

•/ 

the Gen.»'^ Court, 
deliued on Board his Ma^^*^^ Shipp, 

the (iuyny 20^*' Aug.«^ 1664. 

Edward Rawson, Seer, 



Warrant to Capt. Hyde to reduce the Dutch under his majesty's [p- 21] 

obedience 

Coll. Nicolls Warrant to Cap*^ Hide, to prosecute y« Dutch. 

Whereas the Governor and Councell of y^ Dutch Plantacon 
vpon the Manhatoes in Hudsons River, have in Answer to a 
Summons, returned their n^solucons I0 maintiiine the right and 
Title, of the States Gen.®" and W>st India Company of Holland 
to their fforts, Townes & Plant aeons in these parts of America, 
I doe therefore in prosecucon of his Ma^*^^ Service, recomend to 
Cap^ Hugh Hide Coniander in Chiefe of the Squadron, to pros 
ecute (with the advice of the Captaines under his Command,) his 



04 NBfW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

Ma."®® Claime & Interest by all waves, and nieanes, as they shall 

tinke most expedient for the speedy reducing of the Dutch, under 

his Majesties obedience, and for their so doing this shall be their 

Warrant. 

Given under my hand the 24^** of August 16G4 

Abord his Maj ^*®* Shipp Richard Nioolls. 

the Guyny. 



[p- 8^1 Press warrant from the commissioners to Capt. Morley 

The ( 'Om" Prc^ss Warrant to (-ap^ Morley. 

Whereas upon serious and mature deliberacon and consultacon 
amongst us, W<*e finde tin* Shi])p William and Nicholas, (whereof 
Cap.^ Thomas Morley is Commander) to be very usefull and ser- 
viceable for his Ma.^***® Interest in aiding and assisting us to 
reduce the ManhatcK^, and other places in America, unjustly 
possessed and detain(»d by the I)utcl\, contrary to his Ma.^*®® 
Crowne, Dignitie and expresse (^)mmands. And Whereas after 
a Summons sent, dated in his Ma.^'^^ name, to the Governor of 
the Towne and ifort at the Manhatoes, to surrender to his Ma.^*®* 
obedience, Answei- was returned from the (lovernor, as appeares 
by his Ire bearing date the day of Se]>t. new Stile, with theire 
resolucon to inaintaine, and defend the said Towne and ffort, 
for the Right and Inteivst of the* States GencM-all, These are 
therefore in his Ma.^'*"* Name, to I*resse the said Shipp called the 
William and Nicholas, and the Company thereto belonging, and 
the said Oaptaim* Thomas Morley is hereby reciuired, to attend his 
Ma."^ Service w"^ y^ said Shi]>p, for the reducing the said places 
to his Ma.^^*^ obedienc(N and from tinu* to time, to receive Orders 
from (^aptaine Hide, the Comander in chiefe of the Squadron in 
prosecncon thereof, and for so doing this shall b(» yo^ warrant, 
(liven under Our hands and Scales, this 24^^* day of Aug.^ 1664. 

RlCHAUn NlCOLLS. 

To Cap* Tho. ^Iorl(\v, ( ■omander Robkrt Carr. 

of the Sliipp Willm & Nicholfiii Gborgk Cartwright. 

and whom else these may concerne. 



GRNERAL ENTRIES, 16()4-G5 95 

Articles of surrender [p. 28] 

The«e Articles following were consented to bj 
the Persons lieiv vnder subscribed at the 

(lovernors Howry August 27.^^ old stile, 16B4. 

1. W(H^ consent that v^ States (Sen *'^ or the West India Com- 
pany shall fn^*ly enjoy all ffarnK^s and Houses, (except such as 
ai-e in the ffoHs) and that w^^in Six Monethes, they shall have free 
J^iberty, to transpoH all such Arnies and Ammunition as now 
doe belong to them, or else th(»y shall be paid for them. 

2. All Publique Houses, shall continue for the vses, which now 
thev a IV for. 

*A. All People shall still continue fre<* Denizens and enjoy their 
Lands, Houses, (ioods, 8hip])S, wheres(H*ver they are within this 
Country, and dispose of them as they i)lease. \ 

4. If anv Inhabitant have a minde to ivmove himselfe, he shall 
have a Yc^'in^ and Six w(n*kes from this day to remove himselfe, 
wife. Children, Servants, (5oods, and to dispose of his Lands 
heiv. 

5. If any ()t1ic<»r or State*, or Publique Minister of State, have a 
minde to go for England, they shall be transported fraught free 
in his Ma.*^'^ lYriggotts, when these ffrigg.^ shall returne thither. 

(J. It is consented to, that any people may frtH*ly come from the 
Netherlands, and ]ilant in this Country, and that Dutch Vessells 
may frei»ly come hither, and any of y® Dutch nmy freely returne 
home, or s(»nd any sort of Marchandize home in VesHells of their 
owne country, 

7. All Shipps from th(* Netherlands, or any other place, and 
Goods therein, shall 1m* reed h(M'<», and sent hence after the man- 
ner for w^*^ formerly tlH\v were, b(»fore our coming hither for 
Six Monethes next ensuing. 

8. The Dutch here shall (Mijoy the lilK-rty of their f -onsciences, 
in Divine Worship, and Church Disci]>line 

9 No Dutchman here, or Dutch Shipj> here, shall vpon any 

occasion be ]>re^st to serve in Warr, agjiinwt any Nation whatever; 

10. That thi* Townesmen of the Manhaton« shall not have any 



96 NDW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Souldier quartered vpon them, without being satisfied and paid 
for them by their Officers, and that at this present, if the ffort 
be not capable of lodging all the Souldiers, then the Burgomaster 
by his Officers, shall appoint some houses capable to receive 
them. 

11. The Dutch here shall Enjoy their owne Customes, concern- 
ing their Inheritances. 

12. All Publique Wntings and Records w^^ concerne y® Inher- 
itances of any People, or the reglem^ of y® Church, or poore, or 
Orphans, shall be carefully kept by those in whose hands now 
they, are, and such writings as particularly concerne y® States 
Gen.^^ may at any time be sent to them. 

Hi. Noe eludgm^ that hath passed any Judicature here, shall be 
called in question, but if any conceive that he hath not had jus- 
tice done him, if hee apply himselfe to the States Gen.^^ the other 
party shall be bound to Answer for y^ supposed injury. 

14. If any Dutch living hc^re, shall at any time desire to travail 
or Traffique into England, or any place or Plantacon in obedi- 
ence to his Ma.^*® of England, or w"^ the Indians, hee shall have 
(vpon his request to the Governor) a certificate that he is a ffree 
Demizen of this place, and liberty to doe soe. 

15. If it do api>eare that there is a Publique Engageni^ of Debt 
by the Towne of the Manhatoes, and away agreed on for the 
satisfying of that Engagem', it is Agreed that y® same way pro- 
posed shall goe on, and that y® Engagem* shall be Satisfied, 

16. All inferior civill Officers and Magisti^ates shall continue as 
now they are, (if they please) till the Customary time of New 
Eleccon, and then new ones to be Chosen, by themselves, pro- 
vided that such new Chosen Magistrates shall take the Oath of 
Allegiance to his Maji^sty of England, before they enter upon 
their Office, 

17. All differences of Contracts and Bargaines made before 
this day by any in this Country, shall be determined according to 
the manner of the Dutch. 

18. If it doe apjx^are that y^ West India Company of Amster- 
dam do r(^ally Owe any Sums of money to any psons here, it is 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 97 

agreed that Recojjcnicon and other dntyes payable by Shipps 
going far the Netherlands, be continued for Six Monethes longer; 
10. The Officers Military and Souldiers, shall March out with 
their Amies, Drums Heating, and Coloui^s flying and lighted 
Matches, and if any of them will Plant, they shall have 50 acres of 
Jjand set out for them, if any of them will serve any as Servants, 
they shall continue with all Safety, and become free Denizens 
afterward. 

20. If at any time hereafter the King of great Brittaine, & the 
Stfites of the Netherland doe Agree, that this place and Country, 
be redelivered into the hands of the said States, whensoever his 
Ma.^'^ will send his Commands to redeliver it, it shall immediatly 
be done. 

21. That the Towne of Manhatans, shall choose Deputyes, and 
those Deputyes, shall have free Voyces in all publiciue affaires, 
as much as any other Deputyes, 

22. Those who have any propriety in any Houses in y^ ffort of 
Aurania, shall (if they please) slight ° the fortifications there, 
and then enjoy all their Houses, as all people doe where there is 
no ffort, 

23. If there be any Souldiers that will goe into Holland, and if 
the Company of West India in Amsterdam, or any private psons 
here will Transport them into Holland, then they shall have a 
safe passpoi^t from Coll. Richard Nicolls, Deputy Governor under 
his Royall Highnesse and th(^ other Com." to defend the Shipps 
that shall Transport such Souldiei-s, 'and all the Goods in them 
from any Sur]ujzall, or Acts of hostility to be done by any of 
his Ma.^*** Shipps or Subjects. 

That the Copies of the Kings grant to his Royall Highnes, 
and the Copie of his Royall Highnes his Comission to coll. Rich- 
ard Nicolls, testifi(»d by two Com" more and M^ Winthrop to be 
true Copies shall be delivered to y* Hon.**^* M*" Stuyvisant the 
p^'sent Governor, on Munday next by eight of y® Clock in y® morn- 
ing at y® old Milne,'' & these Articles, consented to, and Signed 



a i. e. destroy, b Mill. 



[p. 27] 



98 NHW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

by Coll. Kiebard Nieolls. Dep. Governo^ to bis Koyall HigbDes, 
and tbat witbin two boiirs after, tbe ffort and Towne called new 
Amsterdam vjion tbe Inle of Manbatoes, sball be delined into y® 
bands of tbe sd Coll. Kieb: Nieolls by tbe serviee of sueb as shall 
be by bim tbereunto dej)uted by bis band and Seale, 
John 1)ki)B('kkr. Kohkrt Carr. 

NiCH: VBRLFJFTl'T. ( i RO : ('AUTWRHiHT. 

Sam: M?:<;apolknsis, John Winthroi*, 

Cornelius Stehnwick. Sam: Willys. 

OLOFFE Stevens van kortlant. Thomas Clarke. 
James Cousseau John IMnchon. 

I doe consent to tbese Articles. 

Richard Nicolls. 



Agreement between commissioners and Capt. Morley. 

ArticU^s of Ajjjreem^ Indent(»d, fully Aj^reed and con- 
cluded iiiH)n tbe 24^*^ day of Aujj:ust in tbe 10^^ Yeare of 
bis Ma."^'*' Kaijxiie, and in tbe yeare of Our Lord Cfod 1()H4 
HetW(H»iie Coll. Ricbard Nicolls, Sr Robert Carr Knij^lit, 
Coll(m(»lI (leorj^e Cart wriji:bt, and Samuell Mav(»ricke Esq.^ 
bis Ma.^^*^ Com.^^ for bis att'aire-s in America, of tbe one 
part, and Captaine Tboiiuis Morh»y, Command(»r of tbe 
Sbip]) Willm and Nicbolas, on tbe otber part, as followetb 
vizt. 

Imprimis it is Aji^reed by and betw(H»n(» all Ibe said Part yes, to 
tbese presents, Tbal tbe said Captaim* Tbo: Morley, sball attend 
bis Ma.*^'^** Service w^*^ tbe said Sbipp (call(»d William and Nicb- 
oliis) bis ]Men, and all otber necessaryes tbereunto belonging, 
for soe long time, w^^^Mn tb(» s])ac(* of foure or Six Monetbes, as 
sball si^Mue good unto tlu* said ('om^, 

And tbe said Ca]»talne Tbcnuas Morley dotb promise & engage, 
to and witb tbe said Coll. Ricbard Nicbolls, Sir Robert Carr, 
Colonell Creorge Cartwrigbt, and Samuell Mavericke, Tbat be 
tbe said Captaine Tliomas M<)rley, will titt and provide tbe said 
Sbijjp, w^^^ all needfull ai)imrell, w*^^ A'ictuall and Wages for 
twenty men, and will render a just and true Accompt of what- 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 99 

soever amiiiunition shall be expended, by him in the said Serv- 
ice. 

Also the said Coll. Richard Nicolls, S** Robert Carr, Coll. 
George Cartwright, and Samuell Mavericke, Doe Covenant, prom- 
ise, and Agrc^e, to and w^^ the said Capt." Thomas Morley, his Ex 
ecuto"*, and Assignes, that dniing the time, he shall soe attend 
his Ma.*^'®« Service ixa aforesd, or be otherwise Employed by them 
the said Commission^® TIee, the said Captaine Thomas Morley, 
shall receive for every and each Moneth, the Snme of one hun- 
dred and Thirty pounds, for the hire of the said Shi])p, Victual- 
ling, Wages, and apparell thereof. 

It is also Covenanted and Agreed, thai during the time aforesd 
If any prize, or prizes, shall be taken, the said Capt;iine Morl(\v 
is to have an ecpiall proportion (according to his Number of men) 
with the other Ship]>s, And if it shall soe happen. That the said 
C'aptaine Thomas Morley, or any of his nu»n, be wounded, or 
slaine in his Ma.^^"^ Service*, in the said time, they shall have the 
like priviI(Hlges with them of his Ma.*^^^ Navy. 

And the siiid Coll. Richard Nicolls, S** Robert (^arr, Coll. 
Oeorg(» Cart Wright and Samuell Mavericke, doe further Cove- 
nant, promise and Agree, to and w^** y® said Captaine Thomas 
Morl(»y, his Executo^, and Assignes, That what moneyes or Com- 
modities, Ihm* the said Captaine* Thomas Morley, shall have oc- 
casion for, or Stand in n<*ede of, for his Ship])s use, he shall be 
furnished withal 1, and what shall remaine due, shall be payed 
unto him, tlu* said Cap.^ Thomas Morley, his Executo^®, or As- 
signees, in foiirtiH'ue day<»s after demand, made in London, in 
good and Lawfull money of England, by the Threar of his 
Ma.^*^® Navy Royall, or shall have and receive other good and 
Sut!icient Satisfaccon to his or their good liking, In wittnesse 
whereof, the Tartic^s aboue menconed have hereunto Interchange- 
ably put their hands and Scales, the day and Ye.are above writ- 
ten. 

Sealed an<l delim'd in the R. Nicolls. 

pn^eence of. 

Will: Hill. 

M: Nicolls. 



100 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

[p. 29] From Com'r Nicolls to Captain Young 

Col. Nicolls Ire 1o Ci\\^ Yoiiii^, to be comiminicated &c. 

You are by these ])seiit8, requinnl 1o lake an exact list of y® 
Names of those of long island, who have taken npp Arnies un- 
der your Command, for their King and Country, with y^ places 
of their usu<all dwelling, and deliver thrm in a Koll to me, To 
this end and purpose, that 1 may hereafter vpon all occasions, 
and in the first place, be ready to gralifu* those who have so 
eminently ex])ressed their affections. 

2^1y. That those Amies may still renuiiue in the same hands, 
for the Service of King and Countn^v, And that y^ Officers vpon 
any suddaine occnsion, may know whether to send, to Assemble 
the same men againe, who are to re^paire to their Colours, in 
such Cases, unles th(» Dej)utyes of the Severall Townes shall 
otherwise Agree, vpon the better ()rd(»ring of the Militia of this 
Island, for the future, w^*^ Deputyes shall in Convenient time 
and place, be Summoned to propose and give their advice in all 
Matters tending to y® peace and benefit t of Long Island, 1 de- 
sire yo" will impart this Letter to all Your ffriends and Neigh- 
bo^*^, w^*^ is all at p^sent from 
N: Yorke, Aug. 29^^\ Your assured ffriend, 

1664. Rich Nicolls. 



[P 29] 



From the commissioners to the governor of Massachusetts 

The Com™ Ire to y*' Governo^ .at Boston. 
Sir. 

The Bearers hereof, Capt." ( 'larke, and Capt." Pincheon who 
brought yo^ Ire of Trust, to make repoi-t of the Resolucons of the 
Oen.*^^ (-ourt, have accordingly fulfilled yo^ Comnmnds, Wee 
hav<* on Our parts, entrust<Ml them, w*'^ the relacon of what hath 
been here transacted, and in all thos(» particulars referr Our- 
selves to them; Wee shall speedily give his ^ra.^'** an Accoumpt 
of yo^ ready complyance, w*^^ that only Instruccon, \\^^ was de- 
livered to yo" at Boston, touching the reducing of this placc^ 
by yo"" assistance, and yo^ may remember, we then tould yo** 



GBNERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 101 

(if it could be avoyded) we would not put yo'* to the least Oharge 
or trouble, As yo^ have begun to comply w^, and Countenance 
his Ma."«» Interest in these remote parts, so we take it for a 
good omen, and will not doubt of yo' putting in practice, what 
by his Ma,"^ last Letter, is required from yo^; the Setling the 
affaires of this place, will require some short time of Staying in 
these parts, but we shall vse all possible dilligence for Our 
speedy returne to Boston, whereof we shall give yo'* timely ad- 
vertisemS ^y a Messenger of Our owne, we Subscribe Ourselves 
8/ 

Your humble Sen'.^« R. Nicolls 

ffrom New Yorke R. Garb 

vpon the Island of G. Gartwright 

the Manhatoes this S. Maverick. 

29.^ Aug.** 1664. For the Hono.^^® the Governor of his 

Ma.**** Colony of the Massachusetts, to 
be comunicated to y* Gouncill. 

These, in Boston. 



Gov. Stuyvesant's commission to treat on terms of surrender ^p ^^ 

The copie of Governo*^ Stuyvesants Commission 
vnder y® Seale of the Towne, to treate vpon 
Articles of Surrender. 

The Governo*" Gen.*^^ and Councell of New Netherland, make 
knowne by this, to p^'vent the effusion of blood, plunderings. 
Murders, and for the good of the Inhabitants, We are moved by 
the Summons made by the Hono.^<* Lord Richard Nicolls, Gen»" 
of his Ma."® of England, being come with his men of Warr and 
Souldiers, before this Port, promising freely (by his owne prop- 

• 

osicon made) to redeliver the ffort and City of Amsterdam, in 
New Netherlands, in Case the difference of the Limitts of this 
province be agreed upon betwixt his Ma."® of England, and the 
high and mighty States Gen.*" likewise upon other equall and 
Answerable Condicons to Surrender, and deliver, wee have com- 



102 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

niitted, and do committ by this, John de Decker Couneello'* of 
State, Cap^ Nicholas Verlett, (^oinniissary concerninji; matters of 
Traffique Sam'* Megapolensis Doctor of Phjsick, ('orhelius Steen- 
wick Hurgomast/' Oloffe Stevens van kortlant, old Burgomaster 
and James Cousseau old Sherritfe of this City, to Agrei* w^ the 
aforesd Lord Gen.*" Richard Nicolls or his Depntyes upon fur- 
ther Articles, by these oi>en Lres promising that we will faith- 
fully fullfill, whatsoever shall by our forenamed Com", concern- 
ing these businesses be promisi^l and Agreed vpon, In testimony 
of this lis conrtruHHi bv Our Senile, in the ifort of Amsterdam 
in new Netherland the 5^*^ of Septembr, new stile, 1G()4. [O. S. 

Aug. 26.] 

P Stuyvksant 

By his OrdcT, 

Cornelius van RuYVEX Seer, 



fp*'i Gov. Stujrvesant's consent to the articles of surrender 

A Copie of (lovenio'* Stuyvc^sants Consent to the 
Articles under his Hand and y® Publique Seale. 

To all People health; These are to Ortifie that wee the Gov- 
ernor* Gen.*" and Councell of the New Netherlands do cK)n8ent to 
the Articles of the 6^^ Instant Agreed vj)on by the Commission" 
appointed by us, vizt, Mr John de Decker Councello**, Cap^ Nich- 
olas Verleett, Commissary concerning matters of Traffique M"^ 
Samuell Megapolensis Doctor of Physick, W Cornelius Stenwick 
Burgomaster, Olaffe Stevens van kortlant old Burgomaster, and 
M*" Jam(*s Cousseau old SherritTe, of Our parts, And the Commis- 
sioners ai)iK)inted by the Iloncv*''^ Colonell Ilichard Nicolls Com- 
nmnder in Cheife of liis Ma.^'*^ of Englands ffriggotts and fforces 
now b(»seiging this Towne and Garrison, That is to Say, S^ Rob- 
ert Carr Kn.^ Geo: Cartwrlglit, John Wintlirop, Sam: Willys, 
Thomas Clark cV: Jolin Pinchon on tlu^ other i)aTt, and we have 
hereby ratified and confirmed thcMU, and do Acknowledge this to 
be Our Act and deed, and shall do all things therein contained. 



QETNBRAL l-INTRIES, 1664-65 103 

Dated at the ffoi-t of Amsterdam, in new Netherlands, Septembr. 

8.^ 1664. 

P. Stutvbsant, 

I Certifie the same, 
Cornelius van Ruyvbjn 8ecr. 



Com'r Nicolls' acceptance of proposal for a treaty ^"*- ^^ 

Colonel] Nicolls his Answer, consenting 
to the Treaty of Surrender. 

I Colonell Kicliurd Nicolls, ('onnnander in Cbeife of all his 
^£.| ties fforces, now beleaguering the Towne, on }'^ Manhatans, 
do accei)t of the proposall niadc^ by the Governo'' and his Councill, 
there* residing, to Treati^ of an accommodacon by Articles of 
Surrender of the said Towne and fforts, thereunto belonging, 
under his ^la.^**^^ obedience, to parent the effusion of blood, and 
to improve* the good of the Inhabitants, And Whereas the Oov- 
erno** and Couucell are pleased to Nominate and appoint John 
de Decker, Councello'', of State, Nichohis Verlett Commissary 
concerning matters of Traftique, Sam^^ Megaj)olensis Doctor of 
Physick, Cornelius .Steenwick Burgomast^, Oloff Steven van 
kortlant old Burgomaster, and James Cousseau old Sheriffe, of 
this City, to Agree and conclude w^^ me or my Deputyes, upon 
further Articles, promising they will faithfully fullfill what- 
soever shall be by their forenamed Commissions^ promised or 
Agreed upon, in the Treaty on their parts, I doe therefore on 
my part nominate and appoint Sir Robert Carr Kn.^ Coll. 
George Cartwright, M^ John Winthrop, Governo^ of his Ma^®" 
Colony of Couecticutt M^ Sam" Willys, one of the Cheife Coun- 
cell of the said Colony, (^p^ Thcmms Clarke, and Cap.^ John 
Pinchon ('oiiiniission^'* from the Court Gen.^* of the Colony of 
the Massachusetts, to be SuflRcieut Deputyes to treate and con- 
clude upon Articles of Surrender, of the aforenamed place, prom- 
ising that I will faithfully fulHill whatsoi^ver they shall so treate 
and conclude upon, In testimony whereof 1 have hereunto Sett 



104 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

my hand and Scale, at the Canipe before the Manhatans, this 
26^^ day of Aug.«^ old Stile, 1G(J4. [5th Sept. x. s.] 

Richard Nicolls. 

'Tis desired and agreed upon by the Coiniiiissio'''' on both parts 
above nieconed, that their nun^ting vpon y^ p^iuisses shall be to 
morrow morning, being the 27^^ of this Moneth of August old 
Stile, p^cisely at 8 of the ('l(K*k in y® morning at a place called 
the Governo"' Bo wry upon y® Manhatans, 



Cp s«1 Sir Robert Carr*s commission to go to Delaware bay 

A Copie of S/ Robert Carr's Comission to goe to Delaware Bay. 

Sept. 3.^ Whereas wee are enformed that the Dutch have 
seated themselves at Delaware bay on his Ma.^^ of Clreat Brit- 
taines territoryes without his knowledge and consent, and that 
they have fortifyed themselves theiv, and drawne a gn»at trade 
thither, and being aiwured, that if they bee permitted to goe on, 
the gaininge of this place will b(» of small advantage to his Ma.'^; 
Wee his Ma.^'^ Comission.", by vertue of his Miu^*^ (V)mission 
and instructions to us given, have advised and determined to 
endeavo.^ to bring that plat»e, and all Strangers thereabout in 
obedience to his Ma.% And by these do order & api)oint, that his 
Ma.^®* ffrygotts the Guinney and the William & Nicholas, and all 
the Souldy." which are not in the Fort, shall with what speed 
they conveniently can, goe thither, under the comand of S.** Rob- 
ert Carr to reduce the same Willing and comanding all offlc." 
at Sea and land and all souldy.^ to obey the said S.*" Robert Carr 
during this Expedition; Given under o/ hands & Scales at the 
ffort in New Yorke ui>on the Isle of Manhatans the o^ day of 

Septemb.^ 1(>64. 

R. Nicolls. 

S: Mavkuick. 

G: Cautwkkjht. 



QENBRAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 105 

Warrant to search the ship Gideon of Amsterdam [p- ^4] 

A Warrant to search the ship Gideon of Amsterdam. 
Sept. 8^**. These are to require you upon sight hereof to goe 
on board the Dutch Ship the Gideon bound for Holland and 
there to take a liste of all the Souldy.'*® who are to bee trans- 
ported, as also an exact Survey of all the Goods of what sort 
soever, and to make report thereof to mee. And the Master of the 
said ship the Gideon is hereby required to follow such Orders 
for the executing of this Survey as shall seeme Good to the per- 
sons employed by mee, And for soe doing this shall bee a suffi- 
cient wairant. Given under my hand at ffort James in New 
Yorke this 8^ day of Septemb/ 1664. 

R. NlQOLLS. 

To M.^ Thomas DelavaJ. 
Capt.* John Baker, M.*" Caleb 
Burton & M.'' Matth: Nicolls. 



Com*r Cartwright's commission to go to Fort Orange lp. ssi 

( 'Olonel Cai-twright's Comiasion to goi^ to Fort Orange. 
Sept. 10.^»^ 1064 

These are to will and require you and every of you to bee 
ayding and assisting Col. Geo: Cartwright in the prosecution of 
his Ma.^y®^ Interest against all su(*h of what Nation soever as 
shall oppose the pcnicwible surrender and quiet posst^sion of the 
ffort An ran ia, and to ob(\v him the said Col: Geo: Cartwright 
according to such Instru<tions an I liaue given him in case the 
Mahawkes or otluM* Indyans shall attcMupt any thing against the 
lives, (loods or Chattells of those who are now under the Pro- 
tection and obedience of his Ma.^^ of Great Hrittaine; whereof 
you nor any of you are to fayle as you will answer the contrary 
at yo.'' utmost perills; (iiven under my hand and Scale at flfort 
James in New Yorke on Manhataiis Island this 10.^*» day of Sep- 

temb.** 1664. 

R: Nicolls. 
To the present I)ej)uty Govern."* 

the Magistrates and Inhabitans, 

of ffoii: Aurauia. 



106 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

[p. 86] Order concerning Henry Hudson and David Anderson 

An order concerning David Anderson & Henry Hudson. 

Sept. 13.**^ Vpon bearing of the Differences betweene Henry 
Hudson, and David Andei'son (on behalf e of M."" William Carver 
& himselfe) concerning a certaine ffrygott called the Expedition, 
and also about a servant named Richard Lee; I do hereby order 
& appoint That David Anderson doe give in security by bond of 
one hundred pounds to the Burgomasters of this Towne, That 
within six months after the date hereof, the said M.*" William 
Carver or his Attorney shall answer to the suite of Henry Hud- 
son about the said ffrygott before the Governo.'' and Councell at 
S.^ Maries in Mary land; And that David Anderson shall pay to 
the vse of the said Henry Hudson, what shall bee awarded by 
two indifferent persons, for the said servant Richard Lee, in the 
meane time to keepe him; And the said Henry Hudson is likewise 
to give in security by his Bond of one hundred pounds to the 
said Burgomast.", that hee shall prosecute the said suite about 
the ffrygott accordingly; Given under my hand at ffort James 
in New Yorke on the Isle of Manhatans, this i;5.^^ Sept. 1GG4. 

R: NicoLLS. 



[p. »] Warrant concerning Oyster Bay 

A warrant for M.^ (lovert Loocquermans 

cum Socijs, concerning Oyster Bay on long Island. 

Sept. 15.*^ Whereas M.^ Govert Loocquermans cum socijs, by 
forme of Complaint hath given notice unto mee, That hee the 
said Govert Loocquermans sub dato 8.^^ August stilo novo an.° 
1659 did let out to Jonas Wood a certaine pcell of land, by 
vertue of the Bill of Sale & Conveyance, the projK^r right and 
title belonging to the s.^ ^1/ Loocquermans cum Socijs, lyeing 
in Martin (iern^tsons Bay being at highwater marke an Isl^, 
called by the Indyan Name Matninicongh, which liyre was to 
stand in full forccN for y« space \' l(»rme of live yeares, next fol- 
lowinge, beginnlnge the 7^^ day of July stilo novo an.o 1659. 



OENERAL BNTRIBS, 1664-65 107 

During which hyre and terme of Yeares, the hirers being first 
Jonas Wood, and afterwards Marke Mikx,* not only have fayPd 
to pay the hire of the said land, but are also unwillinge to de- 
part oflf the same, although the said time of hire is expired; 
I doe tlu^refore by these presents appoint and order you the 
Magistrates to take such Care in the preservation of the pro- 
prieto." right and title as is customary in those Cases, that every 
man may quietly enjoy his Rights under his Ma^^®* lawes and 
obedience; Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke. 

&c. 

B: NicoLLS. 



Letter from commissioners to Gov. Arnold [p. m 

To the much honoured M/ Benedict Arnold 
(roverno/ and MJ William Bumton Deputy 
(foverno.'' of his Ma."* Colonv of Rhode 
Island cS: Providence Plantati<m. 

Sept. 2:^.* Wee have received yo.™ of the 7.^ of Septemb.*" by 
the Wellcome hands of M.*" John Clarke accompanyed with Cap- 
taine Cranston and M."" Dyer, so full of gratefull and loyall 
expression towards his Ma.^^, that the best i-eturne wee '*an make 
to your selues and Colony shall bee to render his Ma.^^r a faithfull 
Acc.^ tliereof, and in o.'" owne particulars will endeavour to im- 
prove that goodn(*88e, you are pleased to haue for vs, with mutuall 
testimonyes of our respect and affection to yo.^ Colony upon all 
future oj)j)ort unity es. 

Wee hope for yo.'' pardon (being as yet strangers here) that 
wee could not give M^ Clarke and the rest so good an Enter- 
tainement as is due to persons so employed by you, and who 
had taken so mu<'h Trouble upon themselves. But they will 
bring backe to you the satisfaction of having scene his Ma.^^*® 
Interest and Right pn»vayle in these parts without effusion of 
Christian bloud, and wee hope also that this Colony, which his 
Ma.^y hath granttnl to his Royall Highnesse the Duke of Yorke, 



a Mark M«ig8. 



108 NEIW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

will stren^hen the hands of all his Ma."^ loyall snbjectB in 
these parts, and bee able to lend as well as to expect assistance 
in like occasions of defence to and from all the English Colonyes; 
well knowinge that the Dutch pay no more then a forest Obedi- 
ence to his Ma.^y and their practises have beene alwayes treach- 
erous to the English Nation. 

Wee haue letters and some other Consideracons in couiands 
from his Ma.^^ fuH of Grace and favour to yoJ Colony, but the 
well settlement of this new purchase will oblige vs to deferre 
the delivery of them till a better oppertunity; Wee only lay 
hold of this to assure you and the whole Colony, that wee es- 
teeme our selves much obliged to you for joJ Civility, and will 
alwayes endeavo/ most industriously to bee found and so es- 
teemed. 

New Yorke. Sept. 23.* 1664. 

yo.'' very affectionate Friends and 
reall Servants, 
o."" hearty thankes to you R. Nicolls. 

for the sheepe, you were S: Mavejrick. 

pleased to send. 



[p. 88] Warrant concerning Gravesend and New Utrecht 

A Warr.^ for the Arbitration of the Differences 
between Gravesend and New Vtrieht. 

Sept. 24.*-*^ Whereas, there is a Controversy and difference, be- 
tweene y® Inhabitants of the Townes of Gravesend and New 
Vtrieht on Long Island, now depending before mee, concerninge 
the Bounds and limitts of their lands, and pticularly about some 
meadow Grounds; And whereas the persons concerned on both 
parts haue appeared before mee, and produced severall Grants 
or pattents and other writings on each side yet none so sufficient 
& cleare to mee as to decide the controversy They having there- 
fore consented in a friendly manner to cliuse three indifferent 
persons on each part for arbitrate.^ (not belonging to either of 
their Townes,) to examine into, & determine their just bounds; 



QBNBRAL BNTRIB8, 1664-65 109 

These are therefore to authorize and require you. &c. Arbitrators 
indifferently chosen on both parts to meete at Gravesend vpon the 
2.^ of Octob/ next & their to vse yoJ best skill «& judgement in 
examining and niakinge Enquiry into the limitts and bounds of 
the said Townes, by perusing their particular Grants or pattents 
and other writings, as also by receiving the testimonyes of per- 
sons, or any other lawfull way or meanes, as shall seeme good 
unto you for the clearing the truth thereof according to JEquity 
and good Conscience; And when you shall have so agreed upon 
the due limitts and bounds aforesaid, that you cause such morkes 
& boundaryes to bee sett unto them, as may prevent all future 
Cavills and Contentions thereupon, and that you make report 
thereof to mee. ffor doeing whereof this shall be yo/ warr^. 
Given under my hand at ffort James &c. 
To &c. R. NicoLLs. 



Banishment of John de Decker [p- ^i 

An order for the Banishm.^ of the Heer John de 
Decker out of this Governem.^ 

Sept. 30.^^ Whereas the Heer John de Decker late of the Coun- 
cell for the Dutch west Indya Company in New Yorke did (con- 
trary to the 14.^ Article of Surrender) actually travaile from 
hence and traficke with powder and Negroes, unto ffort Albany 
and other places upon Hudsons River, without requesting, or hav- 
ing a Certificate from mee, or liberty so to doe; And being fully 
informed, that then and there hee did endeavo.'' bv discourses 
to alienate the mindes of his Ma.^^^ Dutch subjects from that 
happy reconcilement without bloiidshed, vpon Articles so lately 
made, and that hee did comitt these misdemeano." before that 
ffort Albany was surrendred vnto his Ma.^^ obedience. The 
Consequences whereof are contrary to the peace of this Gov- 
ernem^; 1 haue therefore thought fitt to order and appoint and 
doe by these presents order and appoint that the said John de 
Decker shall within the space of ten dayes transport himselfe 
out of this Governem.^ Given under my hand & seale the 30^ 

of Sept. 1664. At ffort James &c. 

B: NicoLLS. 



110 XBfW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

^p- ^^ Warrant concerning Oyster Bay 

A warr.* coiieerning M.'' Govert Loocquermans 
buisiK^se at Oyster Bay on Long Island. 

Octob/ 7*** V^xon (^oniplaint made by Matthias Harvey Re- 
corder in the name of the Towne of Oyster bay that Henry Len- 
enton doth upon pretence of a lease made to him by John (ink- 
ling keepe x>os8e»8ion of a certiiine piec^e of land, whereunto the 
said Towne layes clayme by purchase from the lawful! owner 
Govert Loocquermans; These are therefore* to require you Henry 
Lc^nenton that before the fifteenth day of tliis pres.^ October, 
you doe surrender vnto the said Towne a quiet possession thereof, 
or that vpon sight hereof you make your appearance before mee 
to shew just Cause for yoJ jmssessinge the said land whereof 
you are not to favle (jiven under mv hand at ffort James in 
• New Yorke on Manhatans Island this 7.^*^ Oct. 1664 

R. NiCOLLS. 



[p- 411 Treaty with the Indians at Albany 

Articles made and agreed upon the 24.*^ day of Sep- 
tember 1664, in ffort Albany betweene Ohgehando, 
Shanarage, Soachoenighta, Sachamackas of the 
Maques; Anawweed, Conkeeh(»rat, Tewasserany, 
Aschanoondah, 8achamackas of the Synichs, on the 
one part; And Colonel 1 George Cartwright in the be- 
halfe of Colonel 1 Richard Ni(!olls Governo/ under 
his Royall Higlnu^sse the Duke of Yorke of all his 
territoryes in America, on the other part as foUoweth, 
viz.^ 

1. Imi)rimis It is agriM^d That the Indyan Princes aboue'named, 
and their Subjects, shnll haue all such wares and Comodityes 
from the English for the future, as heietofori* they had from the 
Dutch. 

2. That if any English, Dutch or Indyans (under the protection 
of the English), doe any wrong. Injury, or viohnice to anj' of the 
said Indyan princes or their subjects in .any sort whatever, if 



QENBRAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 



111 



they complaine to y.® Govemo/ at New Yorke, or to the offic/ in 
cheife at Albany, If the i)er8on so offending can bee discovered 
that person shall receive condigne punishment, and all due sat- 
isfaction shall bee given and the like shall bee done for all other 
English riantations. 

l^. That if any Indyans belonging to any of the Sachims afore- 
said, do any wrong, Injury or damage to the English Dutch or 
Indyans (under the protection of the English) If complaint bee 
made to the Sachims, and the person bee discovered who did the 
Injury, Then that person so offending shall bee punished^ and 
all just satisfaction shall be giuen to any of his Ma-^^res subjects 
in any Colony, or other P^nglish Plantation in America. 

4. The Indyans at Wamping and Eepachomy, and all below to 
the Manhatans, as also all such as haue submitted themselues 
under the protection of his Ma.^^r are included in these Articles 
of Agreement and peace; In Confirmation whereof, the partyes 
abovementioned haue hereunto sett their hands the day and 
yeare abovewritten. 

Signed & delivered in George Cartwright 

the prescence of 

Tho : Willett 
John Manning 
Tho: Breedon 
Dan : Broadhead 
Smith John 
his marke 
Stei»hen (an In- 
dian) 
his marke 



OX 



X 




These Articles following were likewise proposed by the 

same Indyan Princes, and cons(»nted to by Colonell Geo: 

Cartwright in behalfe of Colonel XicoUs the 25^ day of 

Sept. 1664. 

1. That the English do not assist the thrt^ Nations of the 

Ondiahes, Pinnehoocks, and Pacamtehookes, w^ho murdered one 



112 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

of the Princes of the Maques, when hee brought Ransomes and 
pres.** to them, npon a Treaty of Peace. 

2. That the English do make peace for the Indyan Princes with 
the Nations downe the River. 

3. That they may haiie free Trade as formerly. 

4. That they may bee lodged in houses ae formerly. 

5. That if they bee beaten by the three Nations, above men- 
tioned, they may receive accomodation from the English. 



^^' ^^ Agreement regarding Albany 

These Articles were agreed upon in New Yorke. &c. 
Oct: 10.*^ After Conference with the Deputyes from Albany for 
the good and benefitt of the Inhabitants, and for y.* Accomoda- 
tion of his Ma.**®^ offic.'"'' and souldy." there in Garrison this Win- 
ter, with the advice and consent of y.® said Deputyes Jan Verbeek, 
Jerritt Sticktenhorst, Jan Coster Van Akes: These Articles fol- 
lowinge a.re ordered to bee publisht and observed at Albany, 
viz.^ . 

1. Imprimis That all the houses in the ffort shall be fitted and 
prepared to lodge the Officers & Rouldy.'"® at the Charge of the 
Towne, against the first of November old style. 

2. That the Towne shall d(*liver Twentv blanketts for the vse 
of the Souldy.", and Candles for the (^orps de Garde, as also to 
assist the officer in cheife (at his Request) with waggons to bring 
firing wood to the ffort at the Charge of the Towne, provided the 
oflfic.^ doth not request more than twelue loade every month, but 
that the soukly." shall cut their owne wood. 

3. That the Inhabitants of Albany shall enjoy the benefitt of 
all the Articles of Surrender made at New Yorke. 

4. That from and after the first of November, No souldier shall 
bee quartered vjmn the Inhabitants in their houses. 

5. That the Salai^ to the Preacher, Clarke, Secretary and 
Boade® shall bee continuiMl & paid as formerly till further Order. 



a Messenger. 



GENERAL BNTRIES, 1664-65 113 

6. That for the better Executing of Justice in the forme as 
formerly, the Magistrates shall make choice of a sufficient person 
for the office of Scout within their limitts. 

7. That the former order against the Sale of Brandewine or 
strong liquours to the Indyans remaine in full force. 

8. That all powder shall bee kept in the publike Cellar a« for- 
merly. 

9. That the Magistrates will cause weekely to bee delivered to 
y* officer in chief e such proporcons of bread & bec*re as are 
allowed by the Govomour to the Souldy." at ffort Albany, viz^. 
Thirty foure loaves of bread per diem, each a pound weight and 
seventeene Gallons of Beere, all which change of bread & beere 
shall bee discounted out of the Pachts," or in some other sort 
satisfaction shall bee made to them. 

10. That all other Provisions shall bee sent from New Yorke 
to V.® Shouldv." at Albanv. 

11. That the former Order forbidding the Inhabitants of Scho- 
necstade to trade with the Indyans for Beaver, and the penaltyes 
therein bee strictly observed. 

12. That all Vessels fraighted from or to Fort Albany shall 
give in the true Invoyce of their Cargo to the cheife officer at 
ffort Albany, under the penalty of five hundred Gilders beaver 
pay for the Default of each Vessell. 

13. That the officer in cheife at the Fort and the Magistrates 
of the Towne, shall upon all occasions for the preservinge of the 
peace and good Governem.^ mutually ayde and assist each other. 

14. That the Pacht bee paid at sixteene Wampomes for a 
Sty\'er, as in New Yorke. 

15. That the great and small Pacht shall remaine as formerly. 

16. That the Deputyes will deliver to Capt.* Manning upon 
Account, for the vse of the Souldyers every month 120 Guild." 
in Wampome at the price in New Y^'orke, being eight white and 
foure blacke. 

17. That Examination bee strictly made concerning scandalous 
and dangerous words to the dishonor of his Ma.^^y and the Royall 
family, lately complain'd of, to have beene spoken, and that if 

a P»cht, a tax or Impost. 



114 NBfW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

proofe bee made, the said oflfence bee punish't by whipping the 

offender publikely; That none hereafter presume to offend in the 

like Sort. 

Rich\ Nicolls 



[p- ^^ Soldiers' discharges 

A Discharge and Certificate for some 
Sliouldy." sent backe into England. 

Oct 1.^ These are to certify all whom it may concerne, That 
William Hall, David Thomas, Robert Davison, John Pasloe, and 
Edward Wise were Soiildy.™ that came out of England into these 
parts to serve his Ma.^^ under my comand, but by reason of their 
severall Distempei's and sickuesse are uncapable of jierforming 
any longer the Dutyes belonging to them; I haue therefore 
thought fitt to discharge them, and haue sent them backe into 
England, And I do here by recomend them as persons fitt to 
bee taken Care of in some of his Ma.^y®* Hospitalls till their Re- 
covery; Given under my hand at ffort James James in New 
Yorke on Manhatans Island this 1.^ day of octob7 1664. 

R. NiCOLLS. 

To Col. Phil, ffrowde at 
the post office in london. 



A Souldy." Discharge. 

Oct. l.*^ These are to certify all whom it may concerne, That 
the beaii^r hereof (Jeorge Gre(»ne being a Souldy.^ in my Com- 
pany is hereby discharged from bearing amies under my Co- 
mand, and hath liberty to transport himselfe into England, or 
any other place; (iiven under my hand at ITort James in New 
Yorke on Manhatans Island this first day of Oct. 1G64. 

R: Nicolls. 
To all persons whom 

these may coucerne. 

Tlien^ were other discharges given 

about this time to some of Col. Cartwrights & other 

souldy^. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 115 

Pass given to Capt. John Scott [p- ^l 

Capt. John Scotts Protection. 

Sept. 11.^^ Vpon the Kequt*8t of Capt.^ John Scott who al- 
h^adges. That hee hath apprehensions of being nuide a prison.^ 
bv \'^ (loverno^ & Councell of his Ma.^y^* Colonr of Conecticutt, 
or some psous authorized by them, And hee having made an 
Appeale to have his cause heard before mee; I do hereby require 
all persons whatsoever to ]iermitt and suffer the said Capt.* John 
Scott with his servant (juietly to passe from hence to Ashford** 
upon Long Island, & that hee bee no way molested, upon any 
I»retence whatsoever, h(*e going about his lawfull occasions & 
behaving himselfe civilly, Vntil I shall appoint a Time to heare 
his Cause; Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke 
on Manhatans Island this 11.^^ day of Sept. 1664. 

R. NiCOLLS. . 

To all offic.™ both military 
& civill, and whom else this 
may concerne. 



Shipping order 

An order concerning Shipping. ^' 

S(»pt. i:^.*^ All Masters of Shii)8, Sloopes or any Vessells what- 
soever, as well English as forreyn.^* are hereby requii-ed, that at 
their arrivall into this Port, or the phices and Roades adjacent, 
They shall immediately repayre before mee and a(*quaint mee 
from wh(»nce th(\v c<ame, and whither they are bound, together 
with the Contents of their lading; And in case they intend to 
vnlade any goods, th(\v are first to make a iv\w Entry & report 
of all such goods & marchandizes hee or they shall have on board 
(as more pIaiiH»!y is sett foKh in an Act of Parliament, Entituh^l 
An Act for encouraginge of Trade;) And further. That all Mast.^* 
of Shi])s, Sloopes or any other Vessells, that shall lade any goods 
in this Port or tlu^ places and Roades adjacent within his Ma.^^®^ 
Comauds, must first make Entry of his Shipp, Sloope or Vessell 

a An old name of Setauket, the oldest sctUement In the town of Brookhaven, L. L 



116 NBTW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

before hee take any goods or raerchandize in, and declare what 
port or place hee is bound for; And all the s.^ Entryes are to bee 
made both of Shipp & Goods as well inward as outward bound 
before M/ Thomas Delavall who hath Comission from mee to 
receive them; Hereof they are not to fayle vpon penalty of in- 
curringe the forfeitures & fynes mentioned in the said Act; 
Given under my hand at James ffort &c. Sept. 13>^ 1664. 

R. NlCOLLS. 



[p 47] Warrants for runaway negroes 

A warrant for a Negroe run away. 

Sept. 26 Whereas Thomas Mathews of Yarmouth in New 
England, hath had a Negroe Servant run away from him lately 
from this place, These are to require & eomand all persons within 
my Governem.^ to bee ayding & assisting to him the said Thomas 
Mathews, or his Assigues in finding out the said Negroe, and 
if hee shall bee found in any of yo.^ parts to seize vpon him 
& cause him to bee sent or secure him & send word thereof vnto 
Thomas Powell at Huntington on long Island, who hath order 
to pay all necessay Expences or charges relating thereunto; 
And all neighbouring Colonyes are likewise desired that the like 
order may bee taken throughout their Jurisdictions, Given under 
my hand at ffort James in New Yorke &c. Sept. 26. 1664. 

R. NiCOLLB. 



The Negroe is a lusty young fellow about 20: years 
of Age, hee was cloathed in a red wastecoate, with a sad 
colour'd cloath Coate over it, a paire of linen breeches, 
somewhat worne, & a grey felt hat, but no shoes or stockings. 

To all Constables or other offic.™ 
whom these may concerne, beginning 
at West Chest.^ to bee sent with dis- 
patch to all other i)laces along the 
Coast, without any lett or stop whatso- 
ever. 

Another warr.^ to the same effect was sent through Long 
Island. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 117 

A warr.^ for M/ Stuyresants 4 Negroe serv.^ lost. ^^' * 
Oct. 6.^ 

Whereas Complaint is made by M.^ Peter Stuy veeant, that hee 

hath lost 4 Negroes (men Servants) These are therefore to desire 

you to bee ayding and assisting to the bearer or bearers hereof 

in the apprehending the said Negroes and to cause them to bee 

brought with safety to New Yorke vpon the Manhatans, where 

they shall receive full satisfaction for their labour and charge, 

Given under my hand this 6.^ day of Oct. 1664 At ffort James 

in New Yorke. &c. 

R. NiCOLLS. 

To all Governo.", Deputy Governo.*^ 
Magistrates and other oflfic.® what- 
soever, in any of his Ma.^^^® Colonyes 
in Ami&rica, & all others to whom these 
presents shall come. 



Warrants for purchase of land ^p. 49] 

A warr.^ to William Goldinge &c. 

Oct. 17. Vpon the Request of William Goldinge, James Grover 
& John Bowne in behalfe of themselves & their associates, I do 
hereby authorize them to treate and conclude with the severall 
Sachims of the Nevisans or any others coneern'd, about the pur- 
chase of a parcell of Lands lyeing & being on the maine extend- 
ing from Changororissa neare the mouth of the Raritans River, 
vnto Poutopecke for the doeing whereof this shall bee their 
warr,' Given vnder my hand at ITort James in New Yorke on 
Manhatans Island this 17^^ day of Octob.'' 1664. 

R. NiCOLLS. 



Warrant to Jan Jansen Venyn [p. 49] 

A Warrant concerning Timothy Gabry 
of New Yorke, & Jan Jansen Verryn. 

Oct. 18. Vi>on Complaint made by Timothy Gabry of New 
Yorke alleadging severall things against Jan Jansen Verryn 



118 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

late of Gravesend on lonji: Inland, Those are to require & comand 
you Jan Jansen Verryn to make yo/ i>ersonall appearance be- 
fore mee on Thursday next about ten a cloeke in the forc-noone 
in this ffort, where the naid Tiniothv Oabrv is likewise to bee 
at the same time, That I may the better vnderstand y.® noiatters 
in difference betweene vou, hereof vou are not to favle as von 

ft V %f 9^ 

will answer the contrary at yo/ perill; Given vnder m\ hand at 
ffort James in New Yorke &c. Oct. 18.^^ 1G(U. 

R. NiCOLLS. 

To Jan Jansen Verryn at 
Gravesend or elsewhere. 



f p ^•l Oath of allegiance 

A Declaration concerning the Oath to b(H» taken to his Ma^^: 

Oct. 18.^ Whereas there is a false & Injurious aspei-sion cast 
vpon the oJith of obedience to his Ma.^^, his Uoyall Hijjhnesse the 
Duke of Yorke, & the Governo." or offic." a])])ointed by his Ma.^y®» 
Authority, and that some ix^rsons have maliciously soujjjht to 
distmct the mindes of the Inhabitants of N(»w Yorke by suj^gest- 
ing that the Articles of i)eace so late, and so solemnly made, 
8ign(Hl & sealed, were intended by that oath to bee made null, 
& of none elT(H.'t. To the (*nd that such wicked practises may 
not take the effect, for which they are designed, and that all 
now vnder his Ma.^y®** olxHlience as Denizens of this Towne, may 
bee vndeceived, and not give any longer Creditt to the Disturb- 
ers of the peace of this Governc^ment. I do thinke fitt to declare, 
that the Articles of Surrender are not in the least broken or 
intended to b(H^ broken by any words, or expressions in the 
sjiid Oath; And if any j)erson or ])ersons hen^after shall i)resume 
to give any other (Construction of the said Oath, then is herein 
d(»clared, I shall account him or them disturbers of the peace 
of his Ma.^y^'-'* Subj(Mts, jiiul i)ro(MM»(l jiccordingly ; I do fui'ther 
ap])oint« and ord(M', That this Dtn-laration b(»e forthwith r(»ad to 
all the Inhabitants i\: n^gislred. As also that every Denizen 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 119 

vnder my Government do take the said oath, who intend to re- 
mained here vnder his Ma.^^^ Obedience; Given vnder my hand 
this 18.^^ day of October in the yeare of our Lord God. 1664. 

B. NiooLi/S. 
To the Burgomast." & other the 

Magistrates of New-Yorke. 



Confirmation of authority in Rensselaerwyck [p. mj 

The Confirmation of M.^ Jeremias Benzluers 
Authority & pnviledges in Renzluerswick. 

Oct. 18.^^ l\y Vertue of my Comission from his Royall High- 
ness(» James Duke of Yorke & Albany, I doe by these presents 
order and appoint That M5 Jeremias Renzlueur shall & may 
lawfully Enjoy & execute all such pnviledges & Authority within 
the limitt« of Renzlueurs-wicke,as hee did enjoy & Execute before 
the Surrender of New Yorke into his Ma.*^y*® obedience; And I 
do further declare, That all persons in the said Colony of Renz- 
lueurs-wicke, shall have & enjoy the benefitt of the Articles made 
and agre(?d vpon at the Surrender of New Yorke as fully and 
effectually as if the said Colony had beene expresly menconed 
therein; Trovided allwayes, that within the space of one yeare, 
after the date hereof, the said Jeremias Renzlueur do procure a 
distinct Pattent for the Colony from his Royall Highnesse, and 
in the meane time, that all the Inhabitants shall take the Oath 
to his Ma.^y and the present Governement; Given vnder my 
hand & Scale at ffort James in New Yorke on the Isle of Man- 
hatans this 18.^^ day of Octob/ 1664. 

R. NiCOLLS. 



Order concerning Timothy Gabry and Jan Jansen Verryn 

[p. 61] 

An Order concerning the matters in difference betweene 
Timothy Gabry and Jan Jansen Verryn. 

Oct. 20}^ 1664. 

Oct. 20.^^ Vpon hearinge the matter in differenc? betweene 
Timothy Gabry & Jan Jansen Verryn, which formerlj hath beene 



120 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

determined by an Award given vnder the hands of Jacob Backer. 

Cornelius Steenwick, Mathew de Vos, & Jacques Cousseau Arbi- 

trdto.*™ indifferently chosen on each side, to end the same, and 

also consented vnto by the said Timothy Gabry & Jan Jansen 

Verryn as appeares likewise vnder their hands, all bearing date 

the 31.*^ July 1662; It is this day ordered, That the said Awprd 

shall stand good & is to bee performed on both parts, In meane 

time all things betweene them are to bee and remaine as now 

they are; 

Givf^n vnder my hand at ffort James &c. 

li: NicoLLS. 



rp«l Warrant for John Conkling 

A warrant for John Conkling to 
appeare &c. the 20.**** No.^. next. 

Oct. 20.*^ Whereas Henry lenington of Hog Necke neare Oys- 
ter bay on Long Island, being served with a w^arrant from mee, 
to shew just Cause for his keejung i)osse8sion of a certaiue piece 
of land, which the Towne of Oyster Bay laves claime to, by pur- 
chase from Govert loocquermans. And the sjiid Henry lenning- 
ton & Govert loocquermans being this day before mee wliere 
the said Govert loocquermans on his part produced severall writ- 
ings to prove his title, but the said Henry lenniugton had noth- 
ing to shew, save only a lease from John C/onklinge to him the 
said Henry lenniugton & John Plott, w.^*^ a warranty to save 
them harmelesse, but no recitall by what power h(*e the said 
John Conkling layd Clayme to the land afores.*, These are there- 
fore to require said «Tohn Conklinge to make his personall ap- 
pearance before mee in this ffort on the 20.^^ daj' of November 
next, then & thei'e to shew liis Clayme & title to the said land in 
difference* between them that I may proceede to give my Judge- 
ment therevpcm according to Ecjuity & good Conscience, Hereof 
hee is not to fayle. (Jiven vnder my hand at ffort James in 
New Yorke on the Island of Manhatans this 21. Oct. 1661. 

RlCH^ NlCOLLS. 



OBNBRAL BNTRIBS, 1664-65 121 

Certificate granted to Govert Lookermans ^^' "^ 

A Certificate of Denizacon was graunted unto M*" Govert Look- 
ermans, and Dated the 19**^ Decembr, 1664. 



Sir Robert Carr's recall ^p "^ 

The Com''* Warrant for S*" Robert Carp's returne. 

Whereas the good Settleni* of his Ma.**^ affaires in y« severall 

Colonyes of New England, was the principal! end of Employing 

us his Ma.**®« Commission."* unto these parts, and that by your 

absence we cannot pursue his Ma."®* Instruccons, to the mani- 

fest hinderance of his Ma.*^^ Service, And Whereas his Ma.^^ in 

the ninth Article of the private Instructions, hath Eenjoyned 

us to acquiesse in the Judgment of the Major part of us, Wee 

do therefore Unanimously Agree to desire and require yo" in 

his Ma."^ name, that after the receipt hereof, 3-0" do repaire 

unto new Yorke with what convenient speede yo" can, in Order 

to y« Advancem^ of his Ma."®* Service, Given under Our hands 

this 24^^ day of October. 1664 at James ffort in New Yorke on 

the Island of Manhatans. 

Richard Nicolls 

To S.'' Robert Carr k^ George Cartwright. 

Sam: Mavericks. 



Com'r Nicoll's commission to go to Delaware 

The Com" Warrant to Coll Nicolls to go to Delaware. 

Wee his Ma.**^ Commission™ under written, for the |»resent 
feettlem^ of his Ma."®« affaires in Delaware Bay, and Delaware 
River, have thought fitt to Order and appoint, and by these p^sent 
do Order and appoint Colonel 1 Richard Nicolls, to repaire to 
Delaware Bay, and there to take speciall care for the good Gov- 
emm' of the sd place, and to depute such Officer or Officers 
therein as hee shall thinke fitt, for the management of his Ma.*^®« , 
affaires, both civill and military, untill his Ma.^®* pleasure be 



[p. M] 



122 NDW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

further knowne Given under Our hands and Seales this 24*^ of 
October 1664 at New Yorke on Manhatans Island. 

George Cartwright, 

Sam. Mavericke. 
To Colonel Richard Nicolls. 



^^ ^^ Order concerning: negroes of West India company 

An Order to M*" Cornelius van Ruyven, concerning 
the Negroes, &c, of the West India Company. 

Whereas there was a certaine Number -of Negroes both men 
and women brought from Curazo hither, the greatest part of 
which were sold to divers persons before the Surrender of this 
place, into my hands under his Ma.^*®* obedience, upon severall 
Termes and Condicons as by their Bookes doth appeare, And I 
being not as yet SAitisfied, that the said Negroes are included in 
the Articles of Surrender, I do hereby Order and require that all 
payments in Goods or Beaver, that is, or shall be due, according 
to the severall Sales, made of y® 30^*^ of August and 1*^ of Sep- 
tember, and those also of y® 12***^ of September following, be 
without fraud or Rebate really paid in unto M^ Ccn^nelins van 
Ruyven, who is to keepe what hee shall so receive, in his handn 
for my vse, untill the Accompts shall be better adjousted, and in 
the meane time, that no discount (as to the said Negroes) be Al- 
lowed of upon any jy^tence of the West India Conipanyes Debts, 
or any other, till I shall give further Order therein. Given under 
my hand this 26*^ day of October 1604 at James ffort on Man- 
hatans Island. 

Richard Nicolls. 

To M.^ Cornelius van Ruyven. 



[p- Ml Shipping customs and duties 

An Order concerning y^ Recognicon. 

Whereas the Articles of Surrender of this Towne of m^w Yorke 
do not expressly sett downe the true meaning and intent of the 



GENERAL ENTRIES^ 1664-65 123 

Becognicon, nor to whom it shall be paid, yet for the good of 
this place, I have been, and am still content it shall be rec^ by 
M*" Cornelius van Ruyven; But in regard there is in this Harbour, 
a Ship called the Unity of Amsterdam, and doth take in To- 
baccoes towards her Loading, w®^ are brought from his Ma."®" 
Plantacons; It being not menconed in y« Articles that there 
is leave so to do, nor is it permitted by the Lawes of England, 
yet for the p^sent to Encourage the Inhabitants of this place, I 
am willing that they do so loade theire Tobaccoes, they paying 
here the Customes and Dutyes sett downe in the Booke of Bates, 
as they are usually paid in England, And by reason that I may 
not have returnes from Engld so soone as I expected, and shall 
want accomodacon for my Souldiers, and to p^vent the disorders 
and inconvenienc(?s that may hapi)en to this Towne thereby, 1 
have thought fitt to Order that 5 p Cent be reed upon all Beavers 
that are already Shii)'t in this Harbour, or shall be Ship't, over 
and above the 10 & ^ p Cent formerly paid to the west India 
Company, w°^ payment is to bee in Content Beaver, or the value, 
^oh yQU j^,.^ ^Q looke narrowly after, and for so doing, this shall 
be yo^ Warrant (Jiven under my hand at iTort James in new 
Yorke on Manhatans Island this 26^^ day of Octobr 1664. 
To M.^ Thomas Delavall. Richard Nicolls. 



Ship's flags fp a6] 

These are to Certifie that I have Rec.** frrm his Ma'*®" Shipp the 
Guyn}', one fflagg for his Ma.*^^® use in this ffort, and there hath 
likewise b(M»ne d(»liveivd from the said Shii)p, one ffljigg moi*e, 
and a Sea ('ompasse, unto S^ Robert Carr, at Delaware Bay, as 
api>eai'(^8 under the hand of the said S^ Robert Carr, and I desii*e 
that th(\y may passe in his Ma'*®* Stores, in the Boat Swaines 
Accompt, ]>ated at Ifort James in new Yorke on the Island of 
Manhatants this 26'^ day of October 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 



124 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

[p. M] Whereas upon Our Arrivall into new England Capt** Hugh 

Hide, Commander of his Ma.^®* Shipp the Guyny, did put a Jack 
fflagg at his Maine Top-Mast head, and hath since wome it in 
these parts, Wee his Ma."®® Commission" for his affaires in 
America do hereby Certifie, that what hath been so done by 
Capt^ Hide, was by the advice and Allowance of us, his Ma."®" 
Commission**, Wee supposing it might bee for the reputacon 
and advancem* of his Ma."®* Service in these parts. In testimony 
whereof, wee have hereunto sett Our hands at ffort James in new 
Yorke on Manhatans Island this 26*^ of October 1664. 

Richard Nigolls. 

George Cartwright. 

Sam."* Mavericke. 



^^ "^ Receipt for supply of. ammunition 

rhese are to Certifie That Capt Thomas Morloy being Em- 
ployed by me in his Ma."®® Service at Delaware Bay, w*^ his 
Shipp called the William and Nicholas, hee did receive of Cap* 
Hugh Hide, Commander of his Ma."^ Shipp the Guyny, two Bar- 
rens of Powder and Twenty Iron Shott, which was spent at the 
reducing of the ffort at Delaware aforesaid, under his Ma."®^ 
obedience, I desire therefore that it may passe in his Ma."®* 
Stores, in the Gunners Accompt of his Ma."®® said Shipp, the 
Guyny, Given under my hand at ffort James in new Yorke on 
Manhatans Island this 26*^ day of October 1664. 

Richard Nigolls. 



tp. 66] Capt. Hyde's order for sailing 

Cap^ Hides Order for Sailing. 

You are hereby required (as soone as yo" have rec.^ yo*" pro- 
visions on Board) to Sett Saile with his Ma."^^ Shipp under yo*" 
Command, and Saile directly for Portsm.® giving his Koyall 
Highnesse notice of yo^ Arrivall, and for so doing this shall be 



OENBRAL BNTRIES, 1664-65 125 

yo^ Warrant, Given under Our hands at James ffort in new 

Yorke on Manhatans Island this 26^ day of October 1664. 

Richard Nicolls 

George Cartwright 

Sam."- Maverigke. 
To Capt.** Hugh Hide, Commander 

of his Ma."®" Shipp the Guyny 



Appointment of notary public tp- ^7]. 

M*" Carveth's Commission. 

Whereas there is no Publique Notary in this place that un- 
derstands the English Tongue, 1 have thought fitt, and by these 
presents doe Allow and confirme Thomas Carveth to be a Pub- 
lique Notary in this Towne of new Yorke, And hee is to have 
y* like priviledges that the Publique Notaryes of this Towne 
formerly had, or now have, Given under my hand and Seale at 
ffort James in New Yorke on y* Island of Manhatans this 2i\^^ 
day of October 1664. 

RiGH. NiGOLLS. 



Note about delay of Capt. Hyde's ship [p. sn 

November 9^^ 1664 

This day Capt^ Hugh Hide, Commander of his Ma.^*®« Shipp 
the Guyny came to the ffort and gave notice that his Shipp was 
ready Victuled and fitted to Saile, and that hee stayed only for 
a winde. 



Instructions for taking Delaware bay [p. ss] 

Instructions to S^ Robert Carr for the 
Reducing of Delaware Bay, and Settling 
the People there, vnder his Ma.*^®* obedience. 

When yo" are come neare unto y® ffort w*^^ is possessed by the 
Dutch yo", shall send yo'" Boate on Shoare, to Summon the Gov- 



126 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

ern(f and Inhabitants to yeild obedience to his Ma.^ as the 
Kightfull Soveraigne of that Tract of Land, and lett him and them 
know, that his Ma.*^® is graciously pleased, that all the Planters 
shall Enjoy their ffamies, llousen, Lands, Goods & Chattells, 
w^^ the same priviledges, and ujwn the same Termes, which they 
do now possesse them, Onely that they Change their Masters, 
whether they be the west India Company or the Citty of Amster- 
dam, To the Swedes, yo" shall remonstrate their happy retume, 
under a Monarchial Governem^ and his Ma.*^®* good inclinacon 
to that Nation, and to all men who shall Comply w*^ his Ma."** 
Rights and Title in Delaware, w^out force of Armes. 

That all the Cannon, Armes and Ammunicon w*^ belongs to 
the Governm* shall remaine to his Ma.^** 

That the Acts of Parliam^ shall be the Rules of future Trading. 

That all People may Enjoy Liberty of Conscience. 

That for Six Monethes next ensuing, the same Magistrates 
shall Continue in theire Offices, on(^ly that they, and all others 
in Authority, must take the Oath of Allegiance to his Ma."® and 
all Publique Acts be made in his Ma"®* name. 

If yo" tinde yo" Cannot reduce the place by force, nor upon 
these Condicons, yo" may add such as yo" finde necessary vpon 
the place, but if those, nor force will prevaile, Then yo" are to 
dispatch a Messenger to the (Toverno'^ of Maryland w^*^ this Lre 
to him and request his Assistance and of all other English who 
live neare the Dutch Plantacons. 

Your first care (after the reducing of the pla(*e), is to Protect 
the Inhabitants from Injuryes, as well as violence of the Souldi'^, 
^ch ^^iu \y^^ Ea*sily efl'ected if yo" Settle a ("ourse for weekly or 
dayly Provisions, by AgrtH^u^ w^'^ the Inhabitants w^^ »hall be 
Satisfied to them, either out of the prolfitts Customes or Rents 
belonging to their i>^s(»nt Mast"*, or in Case of necessity from 
home. 

The Lawes for the p^sent cannot be altered, as to y® Adminis- 
tracon of right and Justice betweene Partyes. 

To my LoiHi Baltimore^ Soun, yo" shall declare and to all the 
English concerned in Maryland, that his Ma.**® hath at his great 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 127 

expence, sent his Shipps and Souldi^, to reduce all fforraigners 
in those parts, to his Ma.^*^ obedience, and to that purpose 
onely, yo'" are Employed, but the reduction of the place, being 
at his Ma.**«« expence, yo^ have Commands to keepe possession 
thereof for his Ma.**®® owne behoofe and Right, and that yo^ 
are ready to Joyne with the Gevorno'" of Maryld upon his Ma.***" 
Interest in all occasions, and that if my Lord Baltimore, doth 
p'^end Right there unto by his Pattent, (which is a doubtfull 
Case) yo" are to say that yo" onely keepe possession till his 
Ma.**« is inform'd and Satisfied otherwise. In other things, I must 
leave yo" to yo*" discrecon, and the best advice yo" can get upon 
the place. 



Agreement between royal deputy and people of Delaware [p oo] 

Articles of Agreem* between the Hono.^^ S^ Robert 
Carr Knight, on the behalf e of his Ma.^® of Great 
' Brittaine, and the Burgomaat™ on y® behalfe of them- 

selves, and all the Dutch and Sweedes Inhabiting in 
Delaware Bay, & Delaware River. 

1. That all the Burgers and Planters will Subraitt themselves 
to his Ma."®» Authority w^^out making any resistance. 

2. That whoever of what Nation soever doth Submitt to his 
Ma.*^®" Authority, shall be Protected in their Estates reall and 
personall whosoever, by his Ma.^'^ Lawes and Justice. 

3. That the p^sent Magistrates shall be continued in their Of- 
fices, and Jurisdiccons to exorcise their Civill Power as formerly. 

4. That if any Dutchman, or other pson shall desire to depart 
from this River, that it shall be Lawfull for him so to doe, with 
his Goods w^in Six Monethes after the date of these Articles. 

5. That the Magistrates and all the Inhabitants, (who are in- 
cluded in these Articles,) shall take the Oathes of Allegiance to 
his Ma**®, and of fidelity to the p^sent Governm*. 

6. That all the People shall Enjoy the Liberty of theire Con- 
sience, in Church Discipline as formerly. 



128 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

7. That whoever shall take the Oathes, is from that time a ffree 
Denizen, and shall Enjoy all the priviledges of Trading into 
any of his Ma.^^ Dominions, as freely as any English man, and 
may require a Certificate for so doing. 

8. That the Scout, the Burgomast.^ Sherriffe, and other inferior 
Magistrates, shall use and Exercise their Customary Power in 
administracon of Justice, within theire precincts, for Six 
Monethes or untill his Ma.^®* pleasure is further knowne. 

The Oath. I do Sweare by the Almighty God, that I will beare 
ffaith and Allegiance to his Ma."® of Great Brittaine, and that 1 
will obey all such Commands, as I shall receive from y« Govemo*" 
Deputy Governor or other Officers, appointed by his Ma."* Au- 
thority, so long as I live w^^^in these, or any other his Ma."« Ter- 
ritoryes. 

Given und*" Our hands & Given under my hand and 

Beales in the behalfe of Our Seale this 1**^ day of Octo- 
selves, and y® rest of y® In- ber, in the yeare of Our 
habitants y® V^ day of Oc- Lord God. 1664. 
tobr in the Yeare of Our 
Lord God 1664. Robsrt Garr. 

ffoB Out Gout 

Hbnry Johnson 

Gbrrbtt Saundbrs Vantiell 

Hans Block 

Lucas Pbtbrson. 

Hsxnry Casturier. 



[p. ti] Resolution of commissioners of United Colonies 

At a meeting of the Com" of the united Colonyes of new 
England held at Hartford, September l.»^ 1664. 

The Commissioned being sensible of what Great Coneernm* it 
is to the united Provinces, That the Hono**'^ Gentlemen, sent 
over as his Ma.^**^ Commissions^ to visite the severall Juris- 
diccons, be suitably Treated, as beconieth Our Subjection to his 
Ma.**® Our dread Soveraigne, Do therefore Commend it to the 



GBNBRAL BNTRIES, 1664-65 129 

Generall Courts of the united Colonyes respectively, That upon 

advice given them by the said Commission*^, to consult their 

Proposalls according to their Instructions from his Ma.^*® That 

notice thereof be timely given to their Confederates to the end 

that if they see meete, they may send their Com^* invested with 

full Power to advise and Act in any Case of Common Concernm*, 

to the whole, that so (as much as in us lyeth) we may approve 

ourselves ffaithfull and loyall to his Ma.^^% And may so Act as 

may tend to the promocon of his Ma.**®* Just Interest, and the 

best good and welfare of these Plantacons; Extracted out of the 

Acts of the Commission*^, and Compared therew^^ this 21^ of 

October 1664. 

p me John Allen Secretary of his 

Ma.^^ Colony of Conecticutt in new Englcmd 



Soldiers' discharges [p. 02] 

November 23**. 1664. 

This day Serjeant Henry Barnardiston, John Smart, Henry 
Norwood, Thomas Hewson, Thomas Broadgate, Nathaniell Ward, 
Richard Spicer, and John Moncke, requested the Governour for 
their discharge, and Liberty to Transport themselves for Eng- 
land, w^*^ accordingly was granted. 



November 28*^: 1664. [p.6«] 

This day were Likewise discharged Charles Horsley, John 
Marshall, and Nathaniell Wetherell. 



December 3^: 1664. Lp.is] 

This day James Smithson waa discharged. 



130 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

^^'^^ Sergeant Bardardistons discharge. 

These are to Certifie all whom it may coneerne, That j® Bearer 
hei*eof Henry Bamardiston, came over hither out of England w*'- 
mee, in his Ma"®* Service as Eldest Serjeant of my owne Com- 
pany; and vpon all Occasions hath behaved himself e as a Soul- 
ider, and vpon his request, that hee may returne for Engld sup- 
posing it may bee for his Advantage, and this being not at 
p^'sent a place of Action, 1 do hereby give him my discharge, 
and hee hath free leave & liberty to to Transport himself e into 
England, or else where at his pleasui-e, Given under my hand 
and Scale at ffort James in new Yorke this 23** November 1664. 

R: N. 



[p- o-J John Conkling vs Govert Lookermans 

Whereas a Warrant was Issued forth under my hand bearing 
date the 20^*^ of October last for John Conckling to make his 
personall ai)pearance before me on a Certaine day, to Show his 
Title and Claime to a Parcell of Lands on Long Island, in differ- 
ence betweene th(^ said John Conckling and Govert Lookermans 
of this Towne, and both i)tyes this day having produced seuall 
Deedes and writings to prove their Titles to the Lands in ques- 
tion, (That is to say) John Conckling on his pte brought a Copie 
of a Letter of Attorney bearing date Aprill 20*^, 1037. made by 
W\™ Earle of Sterling to James fforrett to be his Agent for the 
Letting, Setting, or Selling of any pte of long Island for the 
use of the said Earle &c. In pursuance whereof the said James 
fforrett sold upon the 18^^ of June 1639 unto Mathew Sunderland 
his heires and Assignes for ever, for the Kent of ten Shillings 
p Ann, the two necks of Land w^*^ make Oyster Bay, the one 
of the East, the othei* of the West side thereof, the said Mathew 
Sunderland paying three ycsares Kent to James ffoiTett, as by 
his Acquittances doth appeare, dyes, and his W^iddow layes 
Claime to it as a Chattoll, (which T am informed is the Gustome 
of the Country to est<K»me of Wildernesse Land as such) and 
leaves it to seuall Children by another Husband, There were also 



GENERAL E7NTRIES, 1664-65 131 

two Deposicons, the one from William Cooling to prove y® Sale 
of the said two Necks of Land by the Said James fforrett to 
Mathew Sunderland, Entered in the Records at South-hold, Anno 
1662 the 2** of Aprill, The other by Thomas Terry to prove the 
Sachems avowing in 16:if), Th«at they sold Matinicock to James 
fforrett, and C.apt. Howe Cum socijs. Govei't Lookemms on his 
part, produced seuall Deedes to prove his purchase, but none be- 
fore the Yejii*e 1650 and his Land brief e in 1651). w^^ being so 
many yeares after the former Grants, I have thought fitt to 
Order and appoint, and by these puts do Order and appoint, 
That John Conckling, being now in possession in behalfe of the 
Orphans, At jy^sent hee is so to Continue, yet in regard the 
said Govert Lookermans, hath made appeare his reall purchase 
of the p'lnisses, and hee having had possession and rec^ Rent for 
the said Lands, for five Yeares, last past. The said Govert Looker- 
mans, shall hav(» Liberty (when the Gen .*" Court shall be Settled 
on the said Island,) to make hi« Claime and Title to appeare 
befoi*e them, at their first Sitting, whereof both i)tyes shall have 
two Monethes Advertizem^ and the difference is no further con- 
cluded by this Order, but from the said C<)urt is to receive a 
definitive Sentence w*N>ut further Appeale, Given under my hand 
at ffort James in new Yorke on the Island of Manhatans this 

22^ day of November, 1664. 

Richard Nioolls. 



Warrant for collection of taxes on Long Island [p. «5] 

Although his Ma.**^ Commission™ have fully decided and deter- 
mined that the whole Tract of Land called Long Island doth fall 
under his Royall Highnesse the Dukes Pattent w^**out dependance 
uiK)n any other, Yet in regard divers Townes upon long Island 
for their defence and Governm*, formerlv have contrived them- 
selves under, and Submitted to the Governm^ of Conecti- 
cott, by w^ Authority seuall Rates, ffines, and Dutyes have been 
imposed upon the said Townes, remaining hitherto not Collected, 
These are therefore to Authorize and appoint M^ John Howell,and 



132 NDW YORK STATE LIBRART 

Cap^ John Younge, to CJollect and gather the seuall Rates, fiSnes, 
and Dutyes, upon long Island w°^ have been imposed by that 
Authority before the 30'*^ of November, whereof they are to be 
Aecomptable to the Governor and Couneell of Conectieutt, and 
for the Actings of M*" John Howell, and Cap^ John Young in pur- 
suance hereof, this shall be a Sufficient Warrant (liven under 
my hand this 30** of November, 1664, at fPort James in new 

Yorke. 

Richard Nicolls. 



[p. 651 

General letter to Long Island 
M"* Howell and Cap^ Young. 

You may informe all persons concerned upon long Island, That 
his Ma.*** Commission'™ have fully Issued the difference of 
Bounds, betweene the Duke of Yorkes Pattent, and the Colony 
of Conecticutt. 

That the said Commission™, w*^ M^ Winthrop the Govemo'", 
and y* Deputyes from the Gen.^* Court of Conecticott (yo^'selves 
being p^'sent) have determined that all long Island doth remaine 
to the Dukes Pattent. 

That in regard of this Winter Season, I do not thinke it con- 
venient to put the Inhabitants to the trouble of sending any 
Deputyes, to meete in relacon to ye affaires of the Island. 

That so soone as the weather and opportunity is Seasonable, I 
shall give the Inhabitants timely notice both of time and place. 

That in the meane time all Magistrates, by what Authority 
soever formerly appointed, shall remaine in their severall Offices, 
under the Dukes Government, and Act in his Ma."®^ name. 

That noe Rate, Tax, or Duty hath to this day fallen into my 
Consideracon, but that they may assure themselves of equall (if 
not greater freedomes & Imunityes) then any of his Ma.^®* Col- 
onyes in new England, and that I shall be ready to promote the 
Trade, and Encourage all Industrious and sober people in their 
Plantacons. 

That I do expect for the p^sent no other Service, but that they 
will with the Same readynesse upon Summons and notice giyen. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 133 

Joyne in the defence of this his Ma.^*®* Temtorj, as they did in 

the reducing of it to his Ma.**®® obedience. 

Richard Nicolls. 
Oated 1^ December, 1664. 



Capt. Hyde*s second order for sailing [p. er] 

Cap* Hides Order 

for sailing. November 22*. 1664. 

Whereas by a former Order bearing date the 26*^ day of Oc- 
tober, yo" were required to Sett Saile for Portsmouth with what 
convenient speed yo" could, and there follow such Instructions, 
as yo" had formerly n^c^ from his Koyall Highnc^sse, to give him 
notice of yo^ Arrival!, but in regard his Ma.^'^^ Service, hath re- 
quired yo^ Stay, beyond the time intendcKl in that Order of the 
26^ of October, to attend the Issue of a Mutiny of the Souldi^, 
here in Garrison, and that now that Mutiny is appeas'd, and wee 
conceive that for the p^sent, his Ma.^*** affaires are in such a 
posture, that the Service of his Ma.^®^ Shipp the* Guyny, may be 
well spared; Wee do therefore Order and appoint, that (wind and 
weather pmitting) You do Sett Saile w*^^ his Ma.^*®* Shipp the 
Guyny, that yo^ touch vpon the westerne pai*ts of England, for 
advice, and from thence to Portsmouth; And for so doing this 
shall be yo^ Warrant, Given under Our hands at ffort James in 
new Yorke, on the Island of Manhatans. 

Richard Nicolls 

To Cap^ Hugh Hyde, Comander George Cartwright 

of his Ma.^*^ Shipp S. Mavericke. 

the Guyny. 



Pajrment of duties [p. es] 

An Order for the Pavm^ of the Customes 
and Dutyes to M^ Tho: Dehivall. 

Whereas I have formerly appointed M^ Cornelius van Kuyven, 
to receive a Recognicon of Shipps bound to Holland, whereof 
mencon is made in the Articles of Surrender of this Towne into 



134 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

his Ma.**®" obedience, w^ Reeognieon i« there inenconed a« 
to be continued for Six Monethes, without expressing to whose, 
or to what use & behoof e the same shall be Collect(*d, or by 
virtue of what Authority, yet in regard the Custoines and 
Dutyes sett downe in the Booke of Rates, as they aiv usually 
paid in England, are, or ought to be the Rules to all his Majesties 
Subjects, for the encrease and Kncouragem^ of Trade, and that 
to the Maintenance of this (lOvernmS to prevent all disoi'ders 
and Inconveniences, w^^ necessity may inforce, upon serious and 
matui*e deliberaoon, I have thought ne<H»iss{iry, to Order and 
appoint, and by these puts doe Order and Appoint, That all 
Shipps or Vc«sells, from this Port, bound to the Netherlands, 
shall pay the Customes and Dutyes exprest in the Booke of Rates, 
of all Sorts of Merchandize, according to Our English Lawes; 
And hereafter, all i)eoi)le concerned ai'e to take notice, and to 
make paym^ to M^ Thomas Delavall, at the Custome office, as 
thy will Answer the Contrary under the penaltyee in that Case 
provided, in the same Act of Parliam^, And I do hereby Authorize 
the said M^ Thomas Delavall, to r(»ceive the siiid Customes and 
Dutyes, untill the first day of March, next ensuing the date 
hereof, or till further Order, Ciiven under my hand this 26^ day 
of November in James flfoii: Anno Domini, 1G64. 

Ricn^ NicoLLS. 



IP o<)] Appointment of Connecticut deputies to meet commissioners 

An Order for the Oen.^" Court of Conecticutt, for the 
appointment of severall persons to accompany their 
Governour to New Yorke, to Congratulate his Ma.^^ 
Commissioners. 

At a Session of the Gen." Assembly, 
held at Hartford, October. 13^^: 1664 

]M^ Allyn S<»nior, or Junio*" M^ Gold, M^ Richards and Cap^ 
Winthrop, are desired to Acconii:)any the Governour to new 
Yorke, to Congratuhiti* his Majesties Hoiio.^'^ Ccmimissioners, 
and if an Opportunity offer it selfe, That thi^y can Issue the 



OBNBRAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 135 

Bounds betweene y® Dukes Pattent and Ours, (so as in their 
Judgm^ may be to the Satisfaccon of the Court,) they are Im- 
powered to attend the same Service. 

Extracted out of the Records of y® Court 
this 24^ of Octobr, 1664 by mee. 

John Allyn Secretary of his 
Ma.^^ Colony of Conedicutt 



Boundaries of Connecticut defined ^^ ^^ 

The Bounds of Conecticutt, Issued by his Ma/-*** 
Com." and the Com.™ appointed by the said Colony. 

By virtue of his Ma/^«» Commission, Wee have heard the differ- 
ence about the Bounds of the Pattents granted to his Royall 
Highnesse, the Duke of Yorke, and his Ma.'"®* Colony of Conec- 
ticutt, and having deliboratly Considei^ed all the Reasons al- 
leadged by M"^ Allvn Senior, M'' (lo^ld, M*" Richards and Capt 
Winthrop, appointed by y® Assembly, held at Hartford the 13*^ 
of October 1664, to accompany John Winthrop, Esq.'' (the Gov- 
erno*" of his Ma."®" Colony of Conecticutt) to New Yorke, and 
to Agree vpon the Bounds of the said Colony, why the said Long 
Island should be under the Goverum^ of Conecticutt, (w*^^ are too 
long here to bee recited. Wee do declare and Order that the 
Southerne Bounds of his Ma."^ Colony of Conecticutt, is the 
Sea, and that Long Island is to be under the Governm^ of his 
Royall Highnesse the Duke of Yorke, as is expressed by plaine 
words in the said Pattents respectively; 

And also by vertue of his Ma.^*^ Commission, and by the Con- 
sent of both the Governor, and the Gentlemen above named. Wee 
also Order and declare, that the Creeke or River called Mom- 
oronock, w^*^ is reputed to be about thirteene Miles, to the East 
of West-Cht^ter, and a Line drawne from the East point or 
side, where the ffresh water falls into the Salt, at high water 
Marke, North North West to the Line of the Massachusetts, 
be the westerne bounds, of the said Colony of Conecticutt, And 



136 XEiW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

all Plantacons lying westwards of that Creeke & Line so drawne, 
to be under his Royall llighnesse Government, And all Plan- 
taeons lying Eastward of that Creeke and Line, to be under 
the Oovernm^ of Coneetieott; (iiven under Our hands at James 
ffoii: in new Yorke, on tlu» Island of Manhatans this 1^^ day of 
December 1GG4. 

Richard Nicolls 
George Cartwright, 
S. Maveru'ke. 

Wee the (loverno^ and Coin/^ of the G(»n*" Assembly of Con- 

ectieutt, do give Our Consent to y^ Limitts and Bounds aboue 

menconed, as Wittness Our hands. 

John Winthrop. 

Allyn Sbnio^. 

Richards. 

Gold. 

John Winthrop jun^. 



fp- '^^1 Permission to procure Lutheran minister 

The Governo" Liberty granted to some 
Lutherans here, for their Sending 
for a Minister of their Religion. 

Whei'eas severall Pereons under my Governm* who professe 
the Lutheran Religion, have taken the Oath of Obedience to his 
Ma.^®, his Royall Highnesse, and such Governo'', or other OflScers 
as shall by their Authority be Sett over them, and they having 
requested mee for Libert}' to send for one Minister or more of 
their Religion, and that they uuiy freely and publiquely exercise 
Divine worship, according to their Consciences, I do hereby give 
my Con8<4it there unto, provided they shall not abuse this Lib- 
erty to disturbance of others, and Submitting to, and obeying 
such Lawes and Ordinance's, as shall be imposed upon them, by 
the Authority afcrc^said, (Jiven under my hand at tTort James in 
New Yorke on the Ishmd of Manhatans this 0^^* day of December, 

1GG4 

Richard Nicolls. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 1-^7 

Warrant for return of Ann Wood to her husband ^n n\ 

A Warrant to the Magistrates of fflushing 
for y® restoring of the Wife of John Wood. 

Whereas I am informed that Ann the wife of John Wood of 
Hoad Isliind, is and hath beene for y® space of about two yeares 
past, harboured by Thomas Styles of the Towne of fflushing, who, 
in her absence from her Husband, hath had two Children, These 
are to require yo" to make inquiry into the businesse, and to 
prevent further Scandall, that yo" cause the said Ann to bee 
restored to her Husband, with what goods are in the Custody 
of Thomas Styles, belonging to the said John Wood, or his wife, 
and for yo^ so doing this shall be yo^ Warrant, Given under my 
hand at ffort James in new Yorke, this Q^^ day of December 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To the Magistrates of 

fflushing upon Long 

Island. 



Permit to Cornelius Steenwick to trade with Holland Cp- 7^3 

The Governo'^ promise to M^ Steenwicke, 

Whereas the Supply of Trade to this Port is the onely meanes 
of Supporting the OovernmS and the welfare of the Inhabitants, 
At the request of Cornelius St(^enwick Burgomaster of New 
Yorke, and a lYree Denizen thereof, for Liberty to Trade from 
Holland w^^ Goods and Merchandize to this Port, in a Dutch 
Vessell, I do promise and assure the said Burgomast^, Cornelius 
Steenwick, that provided any such Shipp from Holland, upon 
his, or his Partners Accompt, shall arrive at this Port so Laden, 
within the space of one yeare ensuing the date hei-eof. The said 
Shipp, Goods, and Merchandize, shall not in any sort be mo- 
lested by me, or any under my Command, but on the contrary, 
shall Enjoy their Liberty of unloading and Loading here y^ Goods 
and Merchandize of this place, and to export them to what Port 



138 NEfW YORK 8TATB LIBRARY 

they please, paying onely such Customes and Dutyes, as are 
payable by Englishmen here, Given under my hand at ffort James 
in new Yorke, on the Island of Manhatans, this 13^ day of De- 
cember, 1664. 

Richard Nioolls. 



[p. 78] Order concerning difference between magistrates of Gravesend 

and Thomas Applegate 

An Order to the Magistrates of Graueeend. for y® 
State of y® difference, between them & Tho: Apple- 
gate. 

Whereas a Peticon hath beene p^sented to mee, from Thomas 
Applegate, Complaining of some lujuryes and damages, hee hath 
Sustained from the Magistrates of your Towne; 1 have thought 
fitt to send unto yo", the l*eti(!on itselfe, with a Paper attested 
by two psoas, to prove what's allodged therein, I shall not (at 
p^sent) expect your attendance here concerning it, but that yo" 
send mee in writing, the State of the Case, and returne the 
Papers with all conv(»nient speed. Dated at ffort James in New 
Yorke this 12^^ dav of December 1664. 

KiCHAUD NiCOLLS 

To the Magistrates & Constables at Gravesend. 



[p. T4] Warrant to magistrates of Newtown 

A Warrant to y® Magistrate's of New Towne M"^ 
Laurence, and others. 

Whereas I am informed of Sevorall Controversies, and diflfer- 
rences betweene yo" the Magistrates, and Thomas Laurence and 
others; These are to recjuire yo", to make Vonr appearance before 
mee, (and to give notice to Thoma^s Laurenc(\ to do the like,) on 
flfryday morning next (being the 16^^ day of this ^loneth,) by 10 
of the Clock, and to bring w^*^ yo", what ncMessary testimony, yo" 
have on Each part, that 1 may the better understand the matter 



GENERAL ESNTRIES, 1664-65 139 

in difference betweene yo", and put a period thereunto; Given 

under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 12^*^ day of 

December, 1664. 

Richard Nioolls. 
To the Magistrates of New Towne. 



Order to restore a * beast ' to owner [p 74j 

An order for y® restoracon of M^ Laurence his Beast. 

Vpon liearing of the matters in Controversy, debated before 

mee this day, betweene Thomas Laurence and others, concerning 

a Young Beast, It is Ordered that the said Young Beast be 

delivered into the possession of the said Tliomas Laurence, there 

to remaine, or be at his disposal!, except any pson can make 

appeare a ju«ter Clainie unto the said Beast, w^^in the space of 

twenty-eight dayes. In the nicNine time, that the said Thomas 

Laurence is to do and performe such things as are Contained 

in the Award, heretofore given in by Daniell Wliite-head, and 

James CHsty, touching tliis businesse, and hee is likewise to 

pay unto y® Constable of yo^ Towne, t(*nn Shillings toward the 

Charges hee hath Sustained u[)Ou occasion of this Controversy; 

Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke on the Island 

of Manhatans this IG^ day of December 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To the Magistrates of New Towne. 



Passengers in the ship Unity 

The Dutch iKH)ples Nanu^ that had Passes to goe 
in the Shipp Vnity for Holhuid. 

Whereas the Hearer liereof llendrick Ilendrickse van Erlanger, 
hath recpiestrd of mee Lib(»rty to Transi>ort himselfe, wife, and 
Sonn, and his Sonn in Law Jonas Ranzo, and his wife, unto 
Holland, Those are therefore (in his Ma.^^^ name) to require all 
Persons to pcrinitt and Suffer the persons abouesaid, with their 
Goods and necessary l^, to l^asse in the Shipp Vnity, whereof 



140 NDW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

John Bergen is M^, unto any Port or Harbour of Holland with- 
out any manner of I^ett, hinderance or molestacon whatsoever, 

Given under my hand at James ffort in New Yorke on the Island 

of Manhatans this 7*^ day of Decembr, 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 

The like Passes were granted to the Persons fol- 
lowing, to go in the aforesaid Shipp. 

Dec. 7 Jean Swan, his wife & 3 Isaack de Haen 

Children, Jean Withart 

Jean Cornelius vander Abra: Youngbloet 

heyden, Govert Suflfells 

Ann Hermans Johannes Rogers. 10 Dec. 

Pieter Claes van Dit- Aren Yansen Mousman 

maersen Jan Schivelberg 

Dec 8^ Jean Meyndertse van Hendrick Huygen 

Jevorne and his wife Walewyn Vanderv^n. 12 Dec. 
Jaques River, his wife Cornelijs Brantzen van Neiu- 

& 4 Children kirke. 

Carel Smith & 8 Soldi™ Pieter Bruynsen van Bohemen 

more, Gerrett van Rees 

Pieter Tonneman Scout Jean Schryver, his wife, Sonn 
Derrick Looten, Comist & Serv.* 

sarv & his wife 
Dec. 9^*^ Jaques Bandoven 
Jaques Guyon 



^^- ""^^ Order to report upon West India company's estate 

An Order for an Arrest to be putt vpon y® Estate 
belonging to y® West India Company. 

Whereas the West India Company of Amsterdam hath In- 
trusted yo^ with the Managem^ of an Estate in Lands, Houses, 
Goods, Cattle, Negroes, Debts, and all other Revenue of what 
sort soever unto them belonging, Those are therefore to give 
yo" notice that for good reasons and Consideracons mee there- 
unto moving, I have thought fitt to put an Arrest upon yo' fur- 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 141 

ther proceedings therein, and do require, that yo" neither Act nor 
conclude, in any Bargaine Sale, or di8j)Osicon of any part or Par- 
cel of the Estate of the West India Company, untill further Order 
from mee, but on the contrary, that yo" give mee a true and ex- 
act Accompt, without any mistery or concealment of all and every 
part or Parcell of any sort of I']state appertaining to the West 
India Company as yo" will Answer the neglect of this Warrant 
upon yo"* utmost Perill, Given under my hand at ffort James in 
New Yorke this 24 day of December 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To M^ Pieter Stuyvesant, 
and M"" Cornelius van Ruyven. 



Appointments to office in Flushing [p. 77] 

An Order for y® appointm^ of M*" Hallett and M^ 
Noble to be y® Magisti'ates of fflushing, & Nich: 
Passall to be Constable. 

Whereas I have approved of William Hallett and William 
Noble to be the p^sent Magistrates, and Nicholas Passall to bee 
Constable of the Towne of fflushing upon long Island, These are 
in his Ma**®* name to require all Persons, Inhabitants of the said 
Towne, and Precincts, that they do take notice thereof, and that 
they obey the said William Hallett and William Noble as the 
Magistrates, and Nicholas Passall as Constable of the said Towne 
of fflushing, & Precincts, and (if occasion bee) that they bee ready 
to give their utmost Aid and Assistance unto them in the Exe- 
cucon of their respective Offices, hereof they are not to faile, as 
they will Answer y® contrary at their perills. Given under my 
hand at ffort James in new Yorke this 24*^ of December 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To the Inhabitants of the Towne and p^cincts of fflushing. 



142 NEW YORK STATE LIBRART 

fp* "^^ Declaration concerning West India company's estate 

The Governo^^ declaracon to the Inhabitans of the 
respective Townes within this Government, con- 
cerning y® Estate of y® west India Company, by 
him Arrested. 

Whereas with good reasons and Consideracons, I have put an 
Arrest upon the whole Estate and Revenue of what kinde soever 
belonging to y® west India Company of Amsterdam, whereof the 
Heer van Stiiyvesant, and the lleer van Ruyvens with others 
that have been formerly the Receivei's and Disposers, to the be- 
hoof e of the said Company, and have also been continued till 
this p^'sent time, To the end that no man may hereafter pretend 
Ignorance of the Ari*est, I do hereby Publish & require, that all 
Persons that stand indebted to y® West India Company of Am- 
sterdam, for any Bargaines, Kales, Kent or Commodityes of any 
sort whatever, or that have any part or parcel 1 of the Estate 
belonging to the west India Company in their possession, or 
have any trust in or for the eoncealm^ of the p^'mises, shall within 
ten dayes after Piiblicacon hereof, bring in Writing unto niee 
a true State of their Debt and possession, trust or Concealm^, un- 
der the penalty, tliat whenever shall be found to eoneeale, or have 
concealed any i»art of the West India Com[)any, their Estate 
menconed or intended henMu to be Arrested, (which shall be in- 
terp^ted for a fraud and Elusion to llic* intents of this Edict,) 
shall forfeit tlu^ double value of what shall be found or discov- 
ered to be so conceard by them, \]nt one halfe to y^ Maintenance 
of the CiovernmS th(^ oth<'r ha I ft* iu the ju'opcr vs(» of the In- 
former, as also what money or nionrys worth Accompt or Ac- 
conipts, shall b<* directly or ludirrrtly paid or discounted by 
any person whatever, unto the said West India ('ouipan}^, or 
any of their late Ministei*s and Ollicers, any former Warrant 
or Order to the Contrary notwithstanding, ri<'r(M)f, the Scout, 
Burgomasters, or other ^lagisliates and <)tVic<'rs ai<* to make 
Publicaeon to all v<' Inhabitants within their severall and re- 
spective Townes, and limits thereof, (liven under my hand at 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 143 

James ffort in New Yarke on Manhatans Island this 27*^ day of 

• December 1664. 

Rich'^ Nicolls. 
To y® Scout, Burgomasf and OflScers of 

New Yorke, to bee publisht to y® Inhabitants. 



Letter on land claimed by Jamaica and Flushing, L.I. [p. so] 

A Letter, from the Governo' to y* Inhabitants of Jamaica. 

January 2^ 1664: 
ffort James 

I am Informed by the Magistrates and others the Inhabitants 
of fflushing, that you the Inhabitants of Jamaica have within a 
few dayes bought a Parcel! of Land, from y® Indians, and upon 
that p^'tence do i)oesesse yo^'selves of such a part of their former 
Bounds for twelve yeares past, as will utterly mine all the In- 
habitants of flfiushing, I am very tender in giving Creditt to y® 
reports on one part, till y® other is heard, and I am also 
very unwilling to putt the Magistrates or Inhabitants to 
the trouble of coming hither this Winter Reason, to An- 
swer what those of fflushing have objected, but rather to 
recommend to yo", the Silenceing of former Divisions be- 
tweene Neighbo" and no begining any new Occasion of dif- 
ference, for I take it for granted that fflushing hath been 
long possess't thereof, and then I am sure the Indians will 
Sell thrice over their Lands,® if any will them, to p'vent 
which, I have made a former Order, that no man shall buy 
Land of any Indian, without leave first obtained from mee. 
To the end that the Sale and Purchase may be Recorded and 
stand good ag*^ all p^'tences whatever, the Seller and Purchaser 
are also oblieged to Scale their Deed before mee, without which 
fforme, no Sale or Purchase shall stand good; I hope there will 

a This general indictment of the honesty of ihe Indians of New York is not confirmed In the 
history of their transactions with the white colonists. Instead, congpicuous examples of f^ d 
faith and a hi{?h sense of honor in respect to treaties have bt^en furnished both by the Six 
nations aad the Indians of Long Island.— &. R. H. 



144 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

be no occasion to give yo" any further trouble herein, but that 

friendly and like good Countrymen, this accidentall Complaint * 

will bee Composed; which I heartily wish, and all prosperity to 

yo^ Towne, and remaine 

Your assured ffriend 

Richard Nicolls. 
To y« Magistrates 

of Jamaica. 



[p. 81] Summons to officials of Flushing and Jamaica 

An Order of Summons for y® Magistrates of 
fflushing and Jamaica. 

Whereas I have been informed of the seuall differences between 
yo^ the Inhabitants of fflushing, and Jamaica, concerning the 
Bounds and limits of yo*" particular and respective Townes, which 
I formerly thought to leave the decision of, till the meeting of 
the Deputyes, through out long Island, yet in regard of the 
many other affaires, that will be then to be proposed and dis- 
cussed, of other and greater concernment, I have thought fitt 
to Order and appoint, that yo" send and Instruct some Persons 
on yo*" behalfe to come before mee on Thursday the 2^ of ffebru- 
ar}^ next, that I may then heare what yo^ have on either part 
to say, or propose, and so put an end to yo*" debates and Contests, 
touching yo'^ sd Bounds and Limits, Given under my hand at 
ffort James in new Yorke on the Island of Manhatans this 18*^** 

day of January 1GG4. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To the Magistrates of 

fflushing and Jamaica. 



[p. 82] Summons to Jamaica officials 

The Governo'^® Ord'" of Summons to y^ Magistrates 
of Jamaica, touching M^ Messenger. 

Vpon the Peticon and Comphiint of Andi-ew Messenger, who 
hath made his appeale unto mee concerning a Judgm^ which hath 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 145 

past against him in y(f Courts, (as hee supposeth very wrong- 
fullv) I do hereby require and Command, that yo^ proeeede no 
further in the Case, but that yo^ (with those that are concerned) 
appeai-e before mee on Thursday the 2^ of fPebruary next, in the 
fore noone, that I may the better understand the matters in dif- 
ference between yo", and give yo" my opinion thereupon. Given 
under my hand at James ffort in new Yorke, this 18*^^ day of Jan- 
uary 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 

To the Magistrates of Jamaica. 



Oath of allegiance [p- ae] 

The Oath of Allegiance. 

I A. B. Do truly and Sincerely acknowledge, prof esse Testifie, 
and declare in my Conscience, before God and the World; That 
Our Soveraigne Lord King Charles, is Lawfull and Rightfull 
King of this Realme, and of all other his Ma.*^®* Dominions and 
Countryes, and that the Poi>e neither of himselfe, nor by any 
Authority, by the Church or See of Rome, or by any other meanes 
with any other, hath any Power or Authority to depose the King, 
or to dispose any of his Ma.^*^ Kingdomes, or Dominions, or to 
Authorize any ITorraigne Prince, to invade or annoy him, or his 
Countryes, or to discharge any of his Subjects of their allegiaface 
and obedience to his Ma.^*® or to give licence or leave to any of 
them to beare Armes, raise Tumults, or to offer any violence or 
hurt, to his Ma.^^®^ Koyall Person, State, or Governm^, or to any 
of his Ma.^y®* Subjects within his Ma."®^ Dominions. 

Also, I do Sweare from my heart. That notwithstanding any 
declaracon, or Sentence of Excomunicacon, or deprivation, made 
or granted, or to be made or granted by the Pope, or his Suc- 
cessors, or by any Authority derived, or pretended to be derived 
from him, or his See, against the said King, his heires or Suc- 
cesso^% or any absolucon of the said Subjects from their obedi- 
ence: I will beare faith and true allegiance to his Ma.^*® his 



146 NEW YORK STATE LIBRART 

heires and Successors, and him, and them will defend to the ut- 
termost of my Power, against all conspiracy es & attempts what- 
soever, w**^ shall be made against his, or their psons, their Crowne 
and Dignity, by reason, or Colour of any such Sentence, or Dec- 
laracon, or otherwise, and will do my best endeavo^*, to disclose, 
and make knowne unto his Ma^^, his, heires and Successo", all 
Treasons, or Traiterous conspiracyes, which I shall know, or 
hear of, to be against him, or any of them. 

And I do further Sweare, That I do from my heart, abhorr, 
detest, and abjure, as impious and hereticall, this damnable 
Doctrine and Posieon, That Princes w^^ be oxcomunicated, or 
deprived by the Pope, may be deposed, or murthered by their 
Subjects, or any other whatsoever. 

And I do believe, and in Conscience am resolved, that neither 
the Pope, nor any Person whatsoever, hath Power to absolve me 
of this Oath, or an}^ part therc»of, which I acknowledge; by good 
and full Authority, to be Lawfully ministered unto mee, and do 
renounce all pardons, and dispensacons to the contrary, 

And all these things, I do plainly and Sincerely acknowledge 
and Sweare, according to these words by me Spoken, & accord- 
ing to the plaiue and Common Sence & understanding of the 
same words, w^^out any equivocation or mentall evacon, or Se- 
cret reservacon whatsoever. And I do make this Recognicon & 
acknowledgin.^ h(»artily, willingly, and truely, upon y« true faith 
of a Christian; So helpe mee (Jod. 



Cp **1 Oath taken by officials of New York 

Muijday, February 0^^. 1604. [1664-65] 

This day the Oath of AUr^iance to his Ma^-^, was taken by Cor- 
nelius Steenwicke, and OlotT Stevenzen van Cortlant, Burgo- 
mast™; Timothy (labry, Johannes van Brough, Johannes de 
peister, and Jaques Cousseau, Schepens. 



OBNERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 147 

The Oath taken by the Burgomasters & [p- 80 
Schei)ens of New Yorke. 

Where.is you, Cornelius Steenwick, & Olotf Stevenzen van 
Cortlant, are Cho8(»n (o the Oflice of i^urgomasteiT!*, and yo^ Tim- 
othy Oabry, Johannes van Hrugh, Johannes depeister, Jacob 
\ Kip, and Jaques Cousseau, are also Chosen to the OtTice of Schep- 
en«, in tliis City of New Yorke, You do swear by the ever Liv- 
ing God, That according to yo*" best Power and skill, in your 
places, you will do right and Justice to all Persons and in all 
Cases ,wherin vou shall Act bv vertue of vour Oflices, and de- 
mean yourselves in yo^ places, according, to the good and whol- 
some Lawes, which ai-e, or shall be Ordained by vertue of his 
Ma.^®* Commission, to his Royall Highnes the Duke of Yorke, 
within this Government and City of New Yorke, So help you 

God. 

Tuesdav, ffebruarv 7^. 1664 

This day the Persons aboue written were Sworne as Burgo- 
mast." and Schepens of New Yorke 



Marriage licenses [p. 89] 

IVP" Hubbards licence for Marriage. 

Whereas I have received Informacon and satisfaccon from 
James Ifubbart of Grauesend on the one part, and John Bayly 
and Elizabeth his wife, on the behalfe of Elizabeth their Daugh- 
ter, on the other [^ai-t, of a Mutuall consent and Agreement be- 
tweene James Ilubbart, and Elizabeth Bayly, to Joyne in Mat- 
rimony, These are to require you the Magistrates, to pronounce 
the said James Ilubbart and Elizabeth Bayly, man and wife, 
and so to JRc^cord them, according to your former Customes in 
the like Case, and for doing thereof, this shall bee your Warrant, 
Given under my Tland at James ffoil in New Yorke on Manhat- 

ans Island this 29*^^ December. 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To the Magistrates 

of Oravesend. 



148 NDW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

[p. 86] The like license was granted to John Cookrell of New Towne, 

and Mary Page of New Yorke, directed to the Magistrates of 
New Towne, and dated the 13^^ of ffebruary 1664. [1664-65] 



Watchmen of Bergen 

[p. 85] You are hereby required to receive into your Towne Corporal! 

Powell, with the Souldi^® under his Command, and them to ac- 
commodate with Lodging, not above two of them to b(^ in any 
one House, And further. You are required to joyne Six of the 
Inhabitants with three of the Souldi^* to bee upon constant 
Guard, to secure the peace of the said Towne untill further 
Order, whereof yo" are not to faile, Given under my hand at 
ffort James. 

To the Magistrates of Bergen. 



[p. 801 Pass for tradings: vessel to Holland and return 

Liberty granted to M'' Steenwick and Jaques 
Cousseau, to send y® Shipp Hopewell to Holland. 

Whereas the Supply of Trade to this Port, is the onely meanes 
of Supporting this Government, and the welfare of the Inhab- 
itants therein; At the request of Cornelius Steenwick, and Jaques 
Cousseau Merchants and Inhabitants of this Towne of New 
Yorke, and free Denizens thereof, That they may have Liberty 
to send a Shipp from hence into Holland, and to returne hither 
Loaden with Goods and Merchandize; I do hereby promise and 
assure the said Cornelius Steenwick, and Jaques Cousseau, 
That they shall have free Lycence and Liberty to Load the Shipp 
or Vessell called the Hopewell in this Port, with any Goods or 
Merchandize of this Country, and so to send her into Holland 
where shee may unload, and there take in freight of what Goods 
and Merchandize thev shall thinke titt, and so returne; And the 
said Shi[)p, (loods and Merchandize so brought hither, shall not 
in any sort be molested by mee, or any one under my Command, 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 149 

but on y^ ContrarT sliall enjoy all freedonio and Proteccon, and 
bee disposed of, at the pleasure of the owners, for the benetitt 
and welfare of this pla<e and (lovernnient. Provided that this 
Priviledjje continue^ no lonj^er than the space of twelve Mouethes 
after the date hereof, and that th(\v do pay and perfornie in going 
from henee & r<*turning againe, such Dutyes and Custonies as 
are payable by the rin^t of his Ma.^^^*' good Subjects in sueh (^ases, 
Given under my hand & Seale at James ffort in New Yorke on 
Manhatans Island this :iOth January 1664. [1664-65]. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



Case of Henry Thompson [p. e?] 

A Warrant for ITendriek Thoni[)sou to appeare 
before the Governo.'" 

Whereas Informaeon hath bei»n given in before mee by Riehard 
Darling, That Ilendriek Thompson lately the Cow keeper of your 
Tow^ne, hath used very Scandalous and oj)probrious speeches, 
both ag®^ his Ma.^y^® Koyall Pei^son, and his Good Subjects; These 
are to reciuire yo" in his Ma.^'^** Nam(», to caus<» the said Hendrick 
Thompson, to make his personall app(nirance before mee in this 
tfort, on Thursday being the 21)^ day of this instant Moneth, by 
10 of the (-lock before noone, to Answer to what shall be Al- 
leadged against him, and yo" are likewise to give notice to 
William Hrinckling of \if Towne, and Jeremy Wood of Hemp- 
steed, that th(\v a[)p(*are her<» at the same time, with Rich.^ Dar- 
ling, to testitie their knowledge touching the p^misst^ hereof 
vou are not to faile, (iiv(»n under mv hand at tfort James in 
New Yorke on the Isle of Manhatans, this 22^ of December, 
1664. 

RlCII^ NiCOLLS. 

To the Magistrates of Jamaica. 



[p. 87] 

Vpon hearing (this day) the matters in difference betw^een 
Rich^ Darling of Jamaica, and Hendrick Thompson, and the evi- 
dence on both parts. In regard y® Controversy on each pte, with 



150 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

the occasions thereof did arise before his Ma.**^, and His Boyall 
Highnesses Com.*" came hither for the reducing of these parts, 
to his Ma.^y®" obedience, and no eflfectuall prosecucon on eth<*r 
part appearing, till this present Time; And his Ma.*y having been 
graciously pleased to grant an Act of free Pardon and Indemnity 
to all his Subjects, for the severall Crimes and Enormitye»j 
therein expressed to have been done & Committed; I have 
thought fitt to Order and Command, And I do hereby Order and . 
Command, That the Magistrates do imediatly cause restitucon 
to bee made unto Richard Darling of what Goods or Chattells 
of his, they have Seized into their hands, upon occasion of a 
pretended breach of the peace, or Action of Battery committed 
by him, upon the pson of Hendrick Thompson, and that what 
Tryall hath lately been in your Court upon this Account, with 
the Issue there upon, bee void and taken off your Records, And 
likewise, that the said Hendrick Thompson, shall no farther bee 
prosecuted upon occasion of those Scandalous and approbrious 
Speeches, proved to bee heretofore spoken by him, against his 
Ma.^y and his good Subjects, and that they do each release to 
other, all Accons and occasion of Accons with what Controver- 
syes or differences have been betweene them, touching the p''m- 
isses, to this present hearing before mee; Given under my hand 
at ffort James in New Yorke this 29*-^ day of Decembr 1664. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



[p. 88] Vpon Complaint made by Luke Watson, Constable of youre 

Towne, that hee hath beene at Trouble & Charges about the dif- 
ference® lately depending between Richard Darling and Hen- 
drick Thompson, for which there was no provision made in the 
within written Order, I do therefore hereby require you, that 
you cause both Plaintiffe and Defendant, to make a reasonable 
satisfaction to the Constable for his trouble and paines, on their 
behalfe, for so doing this shall be your Warrant; Given under 
my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 10^^ day of January 

1664. [1664-65] 

Richard Nicolls. 



QENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65* 151 

Case of William Lawrence [p. 89] 

A Warrant to y^ Magistrates of fllushing, concerning 
^r laurenco 

Vpon the Peticon and Complaint of Willm Laurence who hath 
made his Appeale unto mee concerning a judgment which hath 
passed against him in your Court (as hee supposeth wrongfully) 
I do herel)y require and Command, That you proceed no farther 
in the Case, but that yo", (with those that are concern'd) appear 
before mee on Thursday the 2^ of ffebruary next in the forenoone, 
that I may the better understand the matters in difference be- 
tweene you, and give you my opinion thereupon; Given under 
my hand at ffoi-t James in New Yorke this 18*^ day of January 
1664. 

RlCH^ NlCOLLS. 

To the Magistrates of of fflushing. 



Boundaries of Flushing and Jamaica [p- ^1 

An Ord(»r ccmcerning fHushing and Jamaica. * 

Vpon hearing of the differences and disputes depending be- 
tween the Townes of tliushing and Jamaica upon long Island 
concerning the Limits and Rounds of their respective Townee; 
M'" John laurenc<» appearing on the behalfe of the Towne of 
(flushing, and produceing thc^ir Original! Grant or Patent, where- 
in the Hounds of that Towne an* set forth; and M*" Denton® and 
M*" Waters^ being d(^puted l)y the Magistrates and others of the 
Towne of Jamaica, to assert the Bounds of that Towne, after 
full debate* on each side upon the premisses, It was proposed and 
consented to by the Persons entrusted by both the Townes, to 
make their jmrticular rights ajipeare before mee, That the njat- 
tera in difference concerning the said Bounds and Limits (if not 
Issued amongst th(»ms(»lves) b(»fore shall bee referred to the Ex- 
aminacon and decision of y^ Deputyes of each Towne, who are 



a Rev. Ricbard Denton. b Anthony Waters. 



152 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

to attend at the next (Jenerall Meeting, which, when so ex- 
amimnl and decided; It is Ordered, That they ivturne their 
Agi'eement there upon unto niee, that it may bee Registred ac- 
cordingly, and all farther Contest concerning the same for the 
future, prevented; Given under my hand at ffort James in New 

Yorke this day of 1664. 

Richard Nicolls. 



^P- ^^ Case of Andrew Messenger 

Vpon the Peticon and Complaint of Andrew Messenger who 
hath made his Appeale unto mee concerning a Judgment which 
hath past against him in your (\)urt (as hee Supposeth, very 
wrongfully) I doe her(*l)y r(M]uii*e and Command, that yo^ pro- 
ceed noe farther in the Case, but that you (with those that are 
concerned) Ai)[)eare Ix^fore mee on Thui'sday the Third of ffeb- 
ruary next in the for(» noone, that 1 may the better understand 
the matters in ditfen^nce betw(»en you, and give yo" my opinion 
thereui)on; (liven under my hand at James ffort in New Yorke 

this 18<^^ day of Januai^ 1664. 

Rk'ii.^ Nioolls. 
To the Magistrates of 



^p. 91] An Order concerning M*" Messenger. 

There having be(»ii an App(»al(^ made unto mee by Andrew 
Messeng(»r of Jamaica, from a Judguunit obtaiiu^d in their Court 
against him, by the Oversells of the P(M)n^ of that Parish, as of 
a Debt du(» from cme ITrancis ffinch, whose Towne lott and Per- 
sonall Estate, the said Andi*ew Mc^swenger had IMirchai-ned, Upon 
a full heanng of the Case this day, M^ Cole being Attorney for 
th«f A[)iK^llant, and producing a Hill of Sale before mee. of the 
p^miss<»s, from ffrancis flfinch, to the siud Messenger, with other 
Testimonyes to i)r()V(» the (^oiisid<n'acon. And Cap^ Scott Attorney 
for the Oversells of the I*oore, producing severall T<»stimonyes 
to render the said Bill of Sale invalid, and withall, alleadging 



genf:ral bntriks, 1664-65 153 

the said Bill of Sale ought to have beeiie Recorded according to 
Cu8tome; It is Ordered, That it bee iuad(» Appeare unto mee, 
that tlie Recording of all Sales of Tjotts, lIous<^8, or Land, hath 
b(*ene a knowne and rec^ Custonie in the Towne of Jamaica, or 
that it bee declared under th(* Secretarves hand of Conecticott 
Colony, that there is a Law so to do, with them. The Towne of 
Jamaica being at the time of this Sale, under the Proteccon of 
the said Tolony, the siiid Andrew Messenger, having privately 
made his Purchase, and not Recorded it, shall bee lyable to pay 
the SuuH^ now in question between him, and the Overseers of the 
P(X)re above said, Jis a Debt of ffrancis flinches. Rut if no such 
( -ustome, or Law bee made apiM\are, Then the said Andrew^ Mes- 
senger, shall (fuit^ly Enjoy his whole Purchase, and be paid 
(.'osts for his unjust molestacon, Given under my hand at ffort 
James in New Yorke this 3^ tYebruary, 1664. [1664-65.] 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



Thomas Case vs Mary Case [p. m] 

Vpon Informacon Rt^eived from the C'ounctell of Conecticott 
Oolony, of a Suit depending b<*twei*ne Thomas Case, and his pre- 
tended wife, Mary (^ise, and that in the meane time, it is reason- 
ably Sus|)ected, that Thomas Case may or will Embezele or dis- 
pose of all or part of that Estat(», w*"^ remaines to her from the 
will and Testani* of h(*r form(»r Husband; To prev(Mit further 
Controvei^v<*s which mav arise, betw(*en(» the said Thomas and 
Mary Case, or her Childi'en, Th(*se are to retjuire you vpon Sight 
hei*eof, to cause the said Thonuis Case, to give Sufficient Security, 
to bee responsable for all such (Joods, as Mary Ca4!*e, for her selfe 
and Children, shall make appeare to bee in his Possession, or 
that hee hath made away. And in cas(* that Thomas ( -ase shall 
refuse to give in such Security, Then that you proceed therein, 
according to yo"* former (Uistomes, upon the like Occasions, and 
for so doing, this shall bet* your Warrant, Given under my hand 
at fFort James in New Yorke 1664 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

To the Magistrates of New Towne. 



154 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

i p- ^1 Announcements of a meeting at Hempstead 

The Goveruo™ Lre to y® Inhabitants 
of Long Island, touching a Gen.*'^^ 
Meeting of Deputyes at Hempsteeci 

Whereas the Inhabitants of long Island, have for a long time 
groan'd under many grieuous inconveniences, and discouragem^ 
occasioned partly from their Subjection, partly from their op- 
posicon to a forraigne Power, in which distracted condicon, few, 
or no Lawes could bee putt in due Execucon, Bounds and Titles 
to Lands disputed, Civill Libertyes interrupted, and from this 
Generall confusion, private dissentions and animosityes, have 
too much prevail'd against Neighbourly love, and Christian 
Charity; To the pi'Venting of the future growth of the like Evills, 
his Ma>y (as a Signall grace and honour to his Subjects upon 
Long Island) hath at his owne Charge reduc't the forraigne 
Power to his Obedience, and by Pattent hath invested his Boyall 
Highnesse the Duke of Yorke, with full and absolute Power, in 
and over all and everv the Particular Tracts of Land therein 
mentioned, which said Powers by Commission from his Boyall 
Highnesse the Duke of Yorke, I am deputed to put in Execution; 
In discharge therefore of my Trust and Duty to Settle good and 
knowne Lawes within this (Government for the future, and re- 
ceive your best advice and Inforraacon in a Generall meeting, 
I have thought fitt to Publish unto you. That upon the last day 
of this p^sent ffebruary, at Henii)steed upon Long Island, shall 
bee held a Generall meeting, w*^^ is to consist of Deputyes Chosen 
by the major part of the fi*ee-men onely, which is to bee under- 
stood, of all Pei^ons rated according to theire Estates, whether 
English, or Dutch, within your severall Townes and p^cincts, 
whereof you are to make Publicacon to the Inhabitants, foure 
dayes before you proceed to an Election appointing a certaine 
day to that purpose; You ai*e further to impart to the Inhabit- 
ants from mee, that I do heai-tily i^ecommend to them the 
choice of the most Sober, able, and discreet Persons, without 
partiality or faction, the fruite & benefitt whereof, will returne 
to themselves, in a full and perfect Settlement and Composure 



QENBRAL ENTRIBS, 1664-65 155 

of all Controversyes, and the propagacon of true Religion 
amongst us, They are also required to bring with them, a 
Draught of each Towne Limitts, or such writings as are neces- 
sary to evidence the Bounds and Limitts, as well as the right 
by which they Challenge such Bounds and Limits, by Grant or 
Purchase, or both, aa also to give notice of this meeting, to the 
Sachems of the Indyans, whose p^'sence may in some Cases bee 
necessary, lastly, I do require you to Assemble your Inhabit- 
ants and read this Letter to them, and then and there to Nomi- 
nate a day for the Election of two Deputyes from youre Towne, 
who are to bring a Certificate of their due Election, (with full 
Power to conclude any cause or matter relating to their severall 
Townes,) to mee at Hemp«teed upon the last day of ITebrnary. 
where (God willing) I shall expect them. 

Your assured ffriend 

• 

Richard Nicolls. 



The Govemo'" Lre to the Dutch Magistrates, [p- ^ 3 

touching y® Gen.*'^^ Meeting at Hempsteed. 

You are hereby strictly required, to Publish to the Inhabitants 
within the Libertyes of yo*" Towne, That upon the last day of this 
instant ffebruary, shall be held a Generall meeting of Deputyes 
from the severall Townes upon Long Island, unto which you are 
to send two Deputyes, duly Chosen by the freemen onely, within 
your Libertyes, and to give notice of the time and place of such 
Election, four dayes before you proceed to the Election, The 
Deputyes so Chosen, are to bring with them, the Draught of 
their Bounds and limitts, or such writings as will make their 
rights to appeare, as also, a Certificate of their due Election, to 
the Gen*'" meeting at Hempsteed, upon the last day of this in- 
stant ffebry 1664, heroef you are not to faile 

RlCH.^ NlOOLLS. 

To the Magistrates 

of New Utricht; 

Bushwick. 

Brokeland. 

fflatbush. 

fflatlands. 




fp.Ml 



156 XBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

List of deputies to^Hempstead 1664 

The Names of the Deputyes niett at the (len.*'* Me<4ing at 
nenipsteed, w^^ liis Highnesst^ I)e[).^y (Joverno^ March 1.*^ 16(>4. 

East-Hampton; Thomas Backer, John Htratton. 
South-Ilami)ton; Thomas Topx)ing, John Howell. 
Seatalcott; Daniell Lane, Roger Hai'ton. 
Huntington; Jonas Wood, John C<»tcham. 
Oyster Bay; John Underhill, Mathhis Harvey. 
Hempst(HHi; John Hicks, Robert Jackson. 
Jamaica; Daniel Denton, Tliomas Benedict. 
Grauesend; Jam(*s Hubbard, John Bowne. 
West-( 'hester; Edward Jessop, John Quinby. 
New Towne; Richard Betts, John ( 'oe. 
fflushing; Elias Douglity, Richard Cornhill. 
South-hold; William Wells, John Younge. 
Brook land; tTredri<k Lubbertzen, John Evertsen. 
Bush-wick; John Stc^alnuin, (Jisbert Tunis, 
fflatt iiush; John Striken, Hendrick Yoras8i*n. 
fflatt lands; P^lbert Elbertsi*n, RololTc* Martens. 
New^ Utricht; Jaques (■outilleau, Younger ffosse. 



[p. 97] Appointment of a committee to examine differences between 

towns 

At the (Jenerall Meeting of the Deputyes 
of Long island, held before the Ooverno'' 
March the 1.'^ 1G04, at Hempsteed. 

Flushing P.^^ ) M^ John Laurence Attorney for fflushing. 
Jamaica Def.^ ) M^ Anthony Waters Attorney for Jamaica. 

It is this day Oideivd, That the Persons under written (some 
of the Deputies of this meeting) do as a Comittee see the 
Draughts of ea(*h Towne, Examine* farther into their differ dif- 
ferences, and rejK>rt it to tln^ General 1 meeting. 

Thomas Backer of East Hampton, 

Thomas Topping of Southhampton, 

Daniell Lane of Seatalcott, 



GENERAL EiNTRIES, 1664-65 157 



James Hubbard of Grauesend, 
Edward Jassop of Westchester. 

Fhishiiij^ pit ) M"" John Laurence for the Plantiffe . 
H(»nip8tead i)ef.^ ) Capt^ Scott for the Defend.^ 
Ordered Tliat the matt." in diflferen(?fe between these two 
Townes, bcM* likewise ExaminiHi into, with tlieir Draughts by 
the same Committee, and they to make reiM)rt of it at the Gen- 
eral! iiHM^ting. 

) John Underbill of Oyster Bay, 

Added to v® Com*^*^* v 

' f Jonas Wood of Huntington. 

Th(* Committee to Meete at 8 a Clock to Morrow morning and 

make their Repoit to the General! nuH^ting at Eleaven. 



Marriage licenses granted [p ^! 

A Licence for Marryage, granted to M^ William Laurence. 

\\'lH4H»as 1 have r(H*eived informacon and Satisfaction, that 
tli(*re is an intent of Marr^iige betwc^ene William Laurence of 
rtlushing, and Elizabeth the Daugliter of Kichard Smith, of Nish- 
aquake upon long Island, Upon their request, I give them Li 
cence so to do. And do liereby require you to proclame the said 
William LaurcMice and Elizabeth Smith, man and wife, and so 
Re<*ord thcMii, and to procecMl therein, according to Your former 
(>ustomes on the like Occasions, Given under my hand at Hemp- 
HtetMl tliis 4^^ day of March 1664. [1664-65] 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

Tlie like licence was granted to John Thorne and Mary the 
Daughter of Nicholas Passil of fflushing, dated 9**** March 1664. 



Shelter Island proclaimed a distinct island ^p- ^^ 

Shelter Island 

Know all men by these presents. That I Richard Nicolls, Dep- 
uty (loverno.^ under his Royal! Highnesse the Duke of Yorke, of 
all his Terrytoryes in America, for divers good reasons and Con- 




158 NBJW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Bideracous inee thei*e unto moving, have thought fitt, and by 
these presents do ordaine, That the Island commonly knowne 
and called by the name of Shelter Island, Scituate and lying 
toward the East end of Long Island, bee from hence forth, (or 
till further Order,) reputed as a distinct Island under this Gov- 
ernment, and not lyable to the Rates of any Towneehip, to be 
levyed or raised by the Officers there unto appointed; Provided 
onely, that in any Action of the Case, Trespasse or damage, 
which shall or may arise betwixt any Person relating to long 
Island and Shelter Island, the Partyes greived shall bee heard 
in the Session<s of the Eaat Riding, in the same manner and 
forme, as is prescribed and Enacted in the present Lawes, and 

the right determined accordingly without any distinction of Per- 

t 

sons or places. 

RlCH^ NiOOLLS. 



tp- ^~i Permission to ship Crest Heart to enter port 

Liberty Granted for y® Crost Heart to come into this Port. 

Vpon Infomiation to mee given by Cornelius Steenwick, Oloflfe 
Stuyvesant van Cortlandt Burgomasters and Johannes van 
Brugges, Schipen of New Yorke, That a Dutch Shipp called 
the Crost Heart, Siewort Dircks van Graft Master, is Arrived 
and lyes at Anchor near Sandy Point, fraughted from Amster- 
dam to New Yorke; 

These are therefore to Certifie all who are concerned in the 
said Shipp, that the said Master Shipp & Goods, may freely come 
into this Port and (the danger of the Post onely excepted) shall 
not bee molested in the unloading of the Goods Imported, As 
also, that the said Master shall have free Liberty to retume 
with his Shipp and Loading without any Lett, hinderance, or 
molestacon from mee, or any other Person under my Command, 
Given under my hand this 12^ day of fifebruary 1664 at ffort 
James in New Yorke on Manhatans Island. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



GBNBRAL £>NTRIBSy 1664-65 159 

Concerning the sale of liquor to Indians [p ion 

A Warrant to the Magistrates of Harlem, for y® 
Prohibition of y® sale of Strong Liquo.** to Indyans. 

Whereas I am infoi'med of severall abuses that are done and 
committed by the Indyans, occasioned much through the Liberty 
some Persons take in selling of strong Liquo" unto them, These 
ai*e to require you, that yo" take speciall care, that none of your 
Towne i^sume to sell any sort of Strong Liquo"^, or Strong Beere 
unto any Indyan, and if yo** shall finde any Person offending 
therein, that yo" Seize upon such Liquo*", and bring such Persons 
before mee to make Answer for y® Offence, Given under my hand 
at ffort James in New Yorke this 18^ of March 1664. [1664-65] 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

To the Scout, and p'sent 
Magistrates of Harlem. 



Order to summon a court [p loi] 

Vpon the Complaint of Charles Bridges, and Sarah his wife, 
against Willm Newman, and Tho: Senequam, an Indyan, now in 
Custody, You are hereby required to Sumon a Court, to meet to 
morrow to examine, hear and determine the matters in contro- 
versy, between the said Partyes, and to proceed therein, accord- 
ing to equity and good Conscience; Given under my hand at ffort 
James in New yorke this 24^ March 1664. [1664-65.] 

To the Scout, Burgomast™ and Rioh.^ Nicolls. 

Schepens of New Yorke. 



Warrant for the seizure of John Saffin's servant [p. 102] 

Whereas M*" John Saffin of Boston in New England had a man 
Servant who the last night did privately Convey himselfe away, 
from his Service, out of this place; These ai'e to require and 
Command all Persons within this Governm.S That if hee shall 
be found in any of your parts, that you Seize upon him, and 



160 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

cause him to be sent to this Towne, to M*" Charles Bridges, or 
Secure liim, and send word thereof, And yo" are to take care 
that this Warrant bee dispatched with all expedition through 
your w*ver«all Townes; And in all otlu^r Colonyes, They are like- 
wise desiivd to take the same Order; Given under my hand at 
ffort James in New York on Manhatans Island this 25^ day of 
March l(>(>r>. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



[p. 102] Warrant for the delivery of goods to Charles Bridges 

Vpon th(^ C(Knplaint made by Chai'les Bridges, and Sarah his 
wife against Willm Newman and Thomas Senequam, an Indyan, 
The matter in difference betw(H»n them having been heard before 
the Court of liurgei-s of this Towne, And the Ca«e being ad- 
judged on the pait of M^ Bridgets against the S4iid Newman, and 
Thoma« the Indyan; I do her(4)y Oi*der and r(»quirv you, to de- 
liver unto M^ Bridges, his wnfe, or Assignes, the Goods that lye 
Attache<l in your hands, as of right behmging to them, for doing 
whereof, this shall be vour Warrant, (liven under mv hand at 
James tfort in New Yorke this 27^^ day of Man^h 16(>5. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS 

To the Constable of \Vest-Chester. 



[p. 103] A letter to the constable of Flushing concerning Hannah 

Bradish 

A Lre Written by Order of y^ Governo^, 

to the C/onstable of fflushing. 
Sir. 

I am Comnmnded by the Coverno^ to let yo" know. That a 

Comi)laint coming to him concerning Hanah Bradish, That 

She(» hath taken ujKvn her to S<*11 and dis[>ose of the Estate and 

(t0(h1s of Joseph T^iington, lat(» of your Towne deccm^c^; It is 

his pleasuiv. That you with th(» rest of the Persons appointed 

for a Court to b(M» held in vour Towne, do heare and Examine 

a. / 

into y^ businesse, and by what right shee hath undertaken to 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 161 

sell or dispose of siieh Estate or Goods, It appearing to the 
Gen.*" That Shee hath lived in Adultery with the said Langton 
and can have no pivtence to it. But that y® (children hee had 
by his wife, have the Just Title to their flfathers Estate, And If 
you finde it so, you'l dcK* well to secure it, to that purpose, If 
yo" let me heare of yo?" proceedings hen* ui)on, I shall acquaint y® 
Governo^ with it, I have no more, but that I am Hr 

Your Loving ffriend 

M. NiCOLLS. 

To M*" Elias Doughty, Constable of fflushing. 



Grant of land to Thomas Powell and others [p. 104] 

Thomas Paul and others, their Grant 
Allowed of by the (Joverno^. 

AVheivas the late Govcm'uo^ and Coiincell of the new Nether- 
lands, did on the 10^^ day of July 1664. Grant unto Thomas 
Paule, Ilendnck Abells and othei'S, a (VHaine Parcell of Land, 
lying and being b(*twixt the Newten and Kinder Hoeck, near 
ITort Albany, as by their Peticon and tint Grant doth Appeare, 
I do herebv Allow of the said Grant, unto the afore named Per- 
sons, if they, or some of them have or shall Purchase the Pro- 
priety of the Nativ(*s, and Posw^sse and Plant the s«ime, of which 
when they shall biing unto mc^ a due Certificate, They shall havt^ 
a Patt(»nt for the said Lands, by Authority from his Royall 
Highnesse the Dukc^ of Yorke, for tlu^n^ farther Confirmation 
therein, (riven und(*r my hand at tfort James in New Yorke on 
Manhatans Island the 29^^ day of March, 1665. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



Permission to P. P. Schuyler to buy lands from the Indians Cp i<^l 

This following Grant, was written under the Petition, a 
Copy whereof (attested by a Publique Notary,) is in the 
Office. 

Vpon the Petition above written, of Philips Pietersen Schuyler, 
That hee may have Liberty to Purchase a certaine Parcell of 



162 NEW YORK STATE LIBRART 

Land of the Natives, lying and being near ffort Albany, as in 
the said Petition is exprest; I do hereby Grant Liberty unto the 
said Philips Pietersen Schuyler, so to do, of which when hee shall 
bring a due Certificate unto mee, hee shall have a Pattent for 
the said Lands, by Authority from his Royall Highnesse the 
Duke of Yorke, for the father Confirmation thereof; Given under 
my hand at ffort James in New Yorke on Manhatans Island thi« 
30*^ day of March 1665 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



[p. 105] Warrant concerning the employing of Jacques Cortclyou, 

surveyor 

Vpon y* request of Hendrick Bamesen Smith, That hee may 
Employ Jaques Coutilleau of NewUtricht, to Surveyand Measure 
out some Lands, lying in Mash Peake Kills, to p^vent Contests 
that otherwise may happen to Arise betwixt him and his Neigh- 
bo"; I do hereby give him leave to Employ the said Jaques 
Coutilleau, in Surveying & Measureing the said Land, as is de- 
sired, and for doing thereof, this shall bee a Sufficient Warrant, 
Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 14*** day 
of March 1664. [1664-65.] 

R. NiCOLLS. 



[p. 1001 Permission given to Thomas Powell to purchase land 

The Governo"* Grant, to the request of Thomas Powell. 
Vpon the request of Thomas Powell, That hee may have Lib- 
erty to proceed in a Purchase with the Natives, for which hee 
hath already made Agreement, and in part paid. It being for a 
certaine small Island, called by the name of the Round Island, 
containing about five or Six Acres of Land, lying and being 
about four Miles above ffort Albany, neare unto Greene Island, 
having on each side thereof, a ffresh water Brooke, w°^ runs 
from the Maine, into the Great River; I do hereby Grant Liberty 
unto the said Thomas Powell, to Plant the said Island, and to 



GENERAL H7NTRIBS, 1664-65 163 

make Purchase thereof, of which when hee shall bring a due 
Certificate unto mee, hee shall have a Pattent for the same, by 
Authority from his Royall Highnesse the Duke of Yorke, for the 
farther Confirmation thereof, Given under my hand at ffort James 
in New Yorke on Manhatans Island this 31**^ day of March 1665. 

RlOH^ NiOOLLS. 



Proclamation concerning the bakers of Albany (p- ^^^ 

Upon the Peticon of the Bakers of Albany, this under 
written was Signed by the Governour. 

Vpon consideracon of this request, from the Bakers, Inhabit- 
ants of Albany, I do thinke their Proposalls just and reasonable, 
and do referr them to the Magistrates of Albany, to take strict 
Order therein, or with the first opportunity, shall expect more 
satisfactory reasons to the contrary, from the said Magistrates, 
why Bakoi^s Incomers for a Season of gaine, and not constant 
Inhabitants, should be tollerated; Given under my hand this 
31*^ of March 1665 in New Yorke. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



Permission to Johannes Clute and Jan Hendrick Bruyn to [p lori 

buy land from the natives 

Vpon the Peticon of Johannes Clute & Jan Hendrick Bruyns, 
That they may have leave and Liberty to Purchase of the In- 
dyans, a certaine pa reel 1 of Land lying and being on the west 
side of y^ North River, and against Clave Rack near ffort Albany, 
as in their Pel icon is exprest, and that they may likewise Plant 
the same, I do hereby Grant leave and Liberty unto the said 
Johannes Clute, and Jan Hendrick Bruyns, to make Purchase 
thereof, and to Plant it Accordingly as is desired, of which, when 
they shall bring unto mee a due Certificate, They shall have a 
Patent for the said Lands, by Authority from his Royall High- 
nesse the Diike of Yorke for their f.arther Confirmacon therein, 
Given under niv hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 1.®* 

day of Aprill 1665. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 



164 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

[p. 108] Cornelis Van Ruyven appointed to straighten accounts of 

West India company 

An Order to M'^ Ruyven, to perfect y^ Bookes of 
Accompts, of y® west India Companyes. 

Whereas 1 did on the 24^^ day of December IfJfU. put an Arrest 
upon the whole Estate & Revenue belon^cing to the West India 
Company in these parts, being there unto moved by very good 
reasons and Considerations. 

And having there upon viewed and made Search in their sev- 
erall Bookes of Accompt, do finde them so imperfect, That it 
cannot bee judged who ai-e the Debto/^ or Credito^, 

It being very necressarv, That the said Bookes of Account 
should bee perfected; That it may the more conveniently bee 
performed, 1 have thought fitt to Appoint and Authonze; And 
I do hereby Appoint and Authorize, Cornelius van Ruyven, late 
Treasurer Ci(»nerall to the West India Company, to make up and 
CompU*{ite the said Bookes of Account, in nmnner following 
(vizt) 

1. Ilee shall Exactly ^i^ti downe the name of every ps(m that 
is indebt(Hl to th(* said Company, for any thing whatscK^ver. 

2. If any on(» shall pretend, that the aforenamed Company is 
in their Debt, for any (^ommodityes, or worke done, he<» shall not 
Allow thereof, without my speciall Order. 

l\. If it shall appears (when th(* Bookt^ of Accompt shall bee 
made upp) that any Pers<m stands indebted to the said ( -ompsiny, 
what is so due shall bi^e jKiid to the wiid Cornelius van Ruyven. 

4. Whatsoever hee shall receive upon this Accomi)t, shall no 
way bee dispostnl of, but by speciall Ord(»r from m(M\ 

(liven under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 14^*' 
day of Aprill 1(>(>5. 

Richard Nicolls. 



GENERAL BNTBIBS, 1664-65 165 

Arnold Cornelis allowed to dispose of his cattle ^^ '^^ 

A Warrant Granted to Arnold Cornellys, to 
dispose of his Cattle. 

Whereas the Bearer hereof Arnold Cornellys hath informed 
mee, That hee hath some Cattle in youre Towne belonging to him, 
which hee hath a desire to bring to this place, but is not permit- 
ted so to do, These are to require yo^, that yo^ hinder him not, 
in the dis[K>saIl of his Cattle, cIiLl.* for this Towne, or else where, 
or that yo" Signify unto mee just reasons for yo^ hindring him 
therein; (liven under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 
18^^ day of A prill 1665. 

KlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

To the Magistrates of Huntington. 



John Paine and Thomas Lovell excused from bearing arms [p. iio] 

These are to Certify all whom it mav eoncerne, That that the 
Bearer hereof John I^aine, who came ov<*r hither a Souldier to 
serve his Ma.^*® in Colonell Cartwrights Company, under my Com- 
mand, upon his request, I do hereby discharge him from bearing 
Armes; But upon any occasion of Warr, or other disturbance, 
hee is to bee ready upon Summons, to returne into his Ma.^^®* 
Service; Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 
18^^ day of April 1665. 

RlOH^. NiCOLLS. 

The like was Granted unto Thomas Lovell, dated the same Day. 



Concerning the scout of Harlem and his non-performance [p. iio] 

of duty 

Whereas Complaint hath been made to mee. That the Scout of 
Harlem, doth not execute his Office, and y^ severall disorders are 
committed, and y® Inhabitants hindred of their accustomed 
Bights; I do therefore Order, that the Magistrates now in being. 



[p. 11 «1 



166 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

do Act as formerly, and in case the Scout will not Execute his 
Office, That the Magistrates do Justice in his place, for the 
good of the Towne, and to decide all matters, that doth, or shall 
happen there, not exceeding the value of one hundred Guild™ in 
Wampome, And this to continue till further Order, Given under 
my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 20^ of April I 1665 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

To the Magistrates of Harlem. 



ip. Ill] Case of Thomas Case and Mary Meacock 

Whereas I have received Informacon & satisfaccon concerning 
Thomas Case, and Mary Meacock, who have also beene before 
mee, and that they have not Lawfully bet»ne engaged, the one 
to the other as man and wife; These are to Certitie whom it may 
concerne. That the said Thomas Case and Mary Meacock, are 
free from y® Tye, or obligacon of Wedlock, and that what Goods 
belongs to either of them, ai*e not to bee detaineni by the other, 
but each to enjoy their proper lnt(»re8t; And the Children of 
Mary Meacock, are to bee left with what concernes them, at the 
disposall of their Mother; Given under my hand at ffort James 
in New Yorke this 21^ day of Aprill 1G65. 



Richard Nicolls. 



Import and export duties 

Customes for Importation. 

All Liquo™ shall pay ten per Cent, according to the value 

here, or the same in kinde. 

All Goods for Trade with Indyans, shall pay ten per Cent, 
according to the value here, or the same Goods in kinde. 

All (loods for the Trade of Christians, shall pay eight per Cent 
according to tlu» valu(» 1um*(», or tlu» same in kinde. 

All Goods of th(» growth, and manufactory of England, shall 
pay live per cent, according to the value hete, or the same in 
kinde. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 167 

The Payments for Goods Imported, shall bee paid as formerly, 
in Bever Pay as eight Guild''® or Thirteene Shillings foure Pence 
a Bever, or in good Merchantable Bever. 

Customes for Exportation. 

All Bever and other Peltry, that shall bee exported from this 
place, shall pay tenn and a halfe per cent, and that in the same 
kinde, of good and merchantable Beaver. 

All Tobacco that shall bee exported from this Port into Europe, 
shall pay two l*ence a pound Engligh weight, in wampome, which 
is one halfe Penny Sterling or in Bever at Eight Shillings a 
Pound. 

These Payments, as are before Expressed, are to bee paid Pres- 
ently unto M^ Tho: Delavall, Customer and Receiver Generall, or 
at such times as shall bee Agreed on by the Partyes concerned, 
and the above said Thomas Delavall. 

This R(rgulation of Customes shall onely remaine in force until I 
the firet of September 1GG5, or till further Order herein; Given 
under my hand this 27^ of ffebruary 1GG4 in James ffort in New 
Yorke. 

RlCH^ NiOOLLS. 



Marriage license granted to Peter Tilton (p isi 

A license for Marriage granted to Peter Tilton. 

Whereas I have received Information of a mutuall Intent and 
Agreement, betweeue Peter Tilton of Gravesend, and Rebeccah 
Brazier of this Towne, to Enter into the State of Matrimony, 
And it being with the Consent and good liking of their Parents; 
I do hereby Grant unto them Lycence so to do. And do also re- 
quire one of the Justices of the Peace of the West Riding of 
Yorkshire upon Long Island, or the Minister of some Parish 
therein, to joyne the said Peter Tilton, and Rebeccah Brazier in 
Marryage, and to Pronounce them man and wife, and so to Rec- 
ord them, according to the Law made in that behalfe for doing 
whereof, this shall bee yo"" Sufficient Warrant; Given under my 



168 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

hand and Seale at ffort James in New Yorke on Manhatans 
Island this 22^ day of Aprill. 1665. 

RlCH^ NlCOLLS. 



[p. 114] Instructions concerning the laying out of certain towns 

Whereas I am Informed, tliat vo" Richard Gibbons are one of 
the Seven men made rhoyee of by the rest of the Persons con- 
cerned, for the Ordering, and laying out of such Ijinds, as the 
(r(^u.*'^ liath given le.ave unto you and yo^ Partne^rs to Purchase 
of the Natives of Navesand, And the Purclias(H's having pro- 
posed and promised to the (I(Ml.^'*^ to lay out souu? Townes, and 
to Plant and Build near one to another, for their mutuall Safety 
and Security; These are to require yo", that you take care, that 
the Persons who are gone over with yo^, or shall hereafter go: 
do Settle and make their Plantacons as neare togethc^r, as con- 
veniently they can, and every Person concerned therein, is duly 
to observe the Rules Agreed upon for your Settlement in these 
Parts, an«l promised to bee performed by you; And if at any 
time, you shall discover any Shii)i>s or Vessells upon the Coast, 
that yo^ inunediatly give notice thereof unto mee, or send the 
Intelligence to the Inhabitants of Gravesend, who 1 have Or 
dei*ed to repaire therewith, hither, according lu in yo^ Judge- 
ments, may bee thought the quickest dispatch, jiiul the Pereons 
Employed, shall bee Satisfied for their Paines; Given under my 
hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 30*^ day of Aprill 1665. 

Robert Needham. 
To Rich^ Gibbons, or whom else this may Concerne. 



I p. ii''>l John Underhill appointed surveyor of Long Island 

An Order for the Ap[K>intm^ of M'' John Underhill, 
to bee Surveyor of long Island. 

Whereas I am Informed, that there hath beene formerly great 
Abuses at Oyster Bay, Huntington and other places on long Is- 



f 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 169 

land, in Landing of Tobacco, and giving in Security for the pay 
ing of his Ma.^^ Dntyes, and that the said Goods have beene 
brought to the Manhatans, contrary to y® severall Acts of Parlia- 
ment; fifor the discovenng of these Abuses; I do Appoint you 
John Underbill, to take Inspection into, and give mee Account 
thereof, with the names of the Masters and their Security, as 
also their Vessells; And I do further Appoint yo" to bee Sur- 
veyor of Long Island, and thfit you take a speciall Care, (as occa- 
sion doth present) to go on Board all Vessells that shall come 
from this Place, and them to Search ; And in Case yo" shall finde 
any Goods on Board, that have not a Warrant from the Custome 
House of New Yorke, as Beavers, and other Peltry, that Payes 
Duty here, You are to Seize the same, and to make stay of the 
Shipp untill yo" shall heare further from mee, and what Deputy, 
or Deputyes, shall bee appointed by you for the b(4ter Mannage- 
ing of this businesse, are hereby Impowered to Act accordingly. 
Given under my hand at ffort James, Api-ill 22^. 1665. 

Richard Nioolls. 



Warrant concerning a child stolen from Edward Jessop tp- '**! 

Whereas I have rec^ Informacon that Edward Jessop of your 
Towne, hath lately had a Childe Stolen from him by some of the 
Indyans; These nn^ therefore to require yo", that yo^ Employ 
some fitt Pei'son, to go and enquire after, and finde out all the 
Sagamort^s of your Parts, and i ei.der unto them the reason of his 
being sent unto them, and demand of them the said Childe, and 
if the Childe cannot bee found, that you Summon all the Sag- 
amores aforesiiid, to appeaie befoi'e mee, on Munday the 15^^ 
of this instant May, for the doing thei*eof, this shall bee your 
sufficient Warrant, Given under my hand at ffort James in New 
Yorke this 3** day of May 1665. 

ROBBRT NbDHAM. 

To Edward Walters, Constable of Westchester. 



170 NBIW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

[p. iw] Warrant for the delivery of a negro 

Upon notice given unto mee, by M^ Allard Anthony (Scoot of 
this Towne) That the Negro Servant by him lost, is found and 
Secured by you; These are therefore to require yo", to deliver 
the said Negro into the Custody of the Bearer hereof, his Mes- 
senger, and all necessary Charges by you expended, shall bee 
defrayed by him, And for the doing whereof, this shall bee your 
Warrant; Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke 

this 3« day of May 1665. 

Robert Nedham. 

To the Constable, or other Officers of West-Chester. 



[9. 117] Marriage license granted to Thomas Cox 

Whereas I have received informacon of a mutuall intent and 
Agreement between Thomas Cox of Marshpath Kills, in y^ Lymits 
of New Towne, and Elizabeth Blashford, to enter into the State 
of Matrimony, and that there lyeth no Lawfull Obstacle, or ob 
ligacon on either part, to hinder the performance thereof, I do 
hereby Graunt unto them Lycence so to do; And do also require 
one of y® Justices of y® Peace of y® North Ryding of Yorkshire 
upon long Island, or y® Minister of some Parish therein, to Joyne 
the said Thomas Cox, and Elizabeth Blashford in Marryage and 
to pronounce them man and wife, and so to Record them, accord- 
ing to the Law made in that behalfe, for doing whereof, this 
shall bee yo' sufficient Warrant, Given under my hand and Seale 
at James ffort in New Yorke this 22^ day of Aprill 16G5. 

RlCH° NlCOLLS. 



[p. 118] ^ warrant for the arrest of a servant of Thomas Naylor 

A Warrant for the Seizing of James Smithson, a 
Servant of Thomas Naylors. 

Whereas James Smithson, being by Covenant a Servant unto 
Thomas Naylor of Brookland, hath absented himselfe, and is 



OBNBRAL BNTRIES, 1664-65 171 

gone out of his Service without leave; These are to require yo** 
to Seize upon and Secure the said James Smithson (if hee shall 
bee found within your p''cincts) and to send him, or give notice 
of his being Secured, unto the said Thomas Nayler, who will 
give due Satisfaccon for the same; And for the doing hereof, 
this shall bee your Warrant; Given under my hand at flfort James 

in New Yorke this 18.*^^ day of May 1665. 

Robert Nbdham. 
To y® Justices, Constables, and Over- 
seers of any Part of Long Island, or any 
other place within this Governm> 



Cornells Van Ruyven ordered to adjust accounts [p. ii9] 

A Warrant to Account w*^ Warner 
Wesaells and the Weigh Master. 

Upon sight hereof, you are iniediatly to Aco.* w'^ Warner Wes- 
sells, for the flfarmes hoe hired the last yeare, of the West India 
Company, and also, to Account w^ him, what is due from him 
to the said Company, on any former Account, and the Ballance 
of each Account to receive from him, and to keepe by yo", until I 
further Order, from mee; You are further required, to adjust 
Acconipts w^^ Jonas Bartleson the Weigh Master, and y® Bal- 
lance of that Accomi)t to receive, and for so doing, this shall bee 
yo*" Warrant; Given under my hand this 8.^^ day of June, at ffort 

James in New Yorke 1665. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To M"" Cornelius van Ruyven. 



Titles of public officials changed 

The Governo'^ Revocacon, of y® fforme of Government of 
New Yorke, und^ \^ Style of Burgomast ™ iS: Schepens. 

By vortue of his Ma.^'^** Letters Pattents bearing date the 12.*^^ 
day of March, in the IG^^^ yeare of his Ma.***'^ Reigne, Granted to 



172 NHW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

his Royall Highnesse, James Duke of Yorke wherein full and ab- 
solute Power is given & Granted to his Royall Highnesse or his 
Deputyes, to Constitute, appoint, Revoke and discharge, all Offi- 
cers both Civill and Military, as also, to alter and Change, all 
Names and Styles fformes or Ceremonyes of Governm^; To th'^ 
end that his Ma.^®® Royall pleasure may bee observed, & for 
the more Orderly establishment, of his Ma.^®" Royall Authority, 
as near as may bee Agreeable to the Lawes and Customes of his 
Ma.^*®® Realme of England; Upon mature deliberacon and ad- 
vice, I have thought it necessai*y to Revoke and discharge. And 
bj' these p^'sents in his Ma.^^<* name, do Revoke and discharge 
the fforme and Ceremony of Government, of this his Ma.^®* Towne 
of New Yorke, under the name or Names, Style or Styles, of 
Scout Burgomasters and Cchepens; As also, that for y« future 
Administracon of Justice, by the Lawes Establish't in these the 
Territoryes of his Royall Highnesse, wherein the welfares of 
all the Inhabitants and the Preservacon of all their due Rights 
and Priviledges, Graunted by the Articles of this Towne upon 
Surrender under his Ma.^*^ obedience, are concluded; I do fur- 
ther declare, That by a Particular Commission, Such Persons 
shall bee Authorized to putt the Lawes in Execucon, in whose 
Abilityes, Prudence and good affection to his Ma.^^®« Service, and 
y® Peace and happynesse of this Governm^ I have especiall rea 
son to put confidence, which Persons so Constituted and ap- 
pointed, shall bee knowne and CalPd by y® Name and Style of 
Mayor, Aldermen and Sherriffe, according to the Custome of Eng- 
land in other his Ma.*^®® Corporacons; Given under my hand and 
Scale, at ffort James in New Yorke, this 12^^ day of June 1665. 

Richard Nicolls. 



[p. 131] Commission to mayor and aldermen 

The Mayor & Aldermens Commission. 

Whereas upon mature deliberacon and advice, I have found it 
necessary to discharge the fforme of Governm*, late in Practice 
w*^in this his Ma.^*®* Towne of New Yorke, under the Name and 



GENERAL BfNTRIES, 1664-65 173 

Style of Scout, Burgomast." and Schepens, which are not knowne 
or Customary, in any of his Ma.*^^ Dominions; To the end that 
the Course of Justice for the future, may bee I^egally, equally 
and impartially administred to all his Ma>*®* Subjects, as well 
Inhabitants as Strangers; Know all men, by these Presents; 
That I Richard NicoUs, Deputy Governo^ to his Royall High- 
nesse the Duke of Yorke, by vertue of his Ma.^*^ Letters Pat- 
tents, bearing date the 12*^^ day of March, in the 16*^ yeare of his 
Ma.^®^ Reigue, Do Ordaine, Constitute and Declare, That the 
Inhabitants of New Yorke, New Harlem, w*^ all other his Ma."®" 
Subjects, Inhabitants upon this Island, Commonly calPd and 
knowne by the name of the Manhatans Island, are, & shall bee 
for ever, accounted. Nominated and Established, as one Body 
Politique & Corporate, under the Governm*^ of a Mayor, Alder- 
men and Sherrifte; And I do by these p^sents Constitute and ap- 
point, for one whole yeare. Commencing from the date hereof, and 
ending the 12^ day of June, w^*^ shall bee in the yeare of Our 
Lord 1666; M^ Thomas Willett to bee Mayor, M^ Thomas Dela 
vail, M^ Oloffe Stuyvesant,** M^ John Brugges, M^ Cornelius van 
Ruyven, & M*" John Laurence to bee Aldermen, and M^ Allard 
Anthony to bee Shennffe; Giving and Granting, to them the said 
Mayor and Aldermen, or any foure of them, whereof the said 
Mayor or his Deputy, shall bee alwayes one, and upon equall 
Division of voyces, to have alwayes the Casting and Desisive 
voyce, full Power and Authority, to Rule and Goveme as well 
all the Inhabitants of this Corporacon, as any Strangers, ac- 
cording to the Genorall Lawes of this Government, and such 
Peculiar Lawes as are, or shall bee thought convenient and 
necessary for the good and wellfare of this his Maj.****** Corpora- 
con; As also, to appoint such under Officers, as they shall judge 
necessary, for the Orderly execution of Justice; And I do hereby 
Strictly Charge & Command all Persons to obey and Execute, 
from Time to Time, all such Warrants, Orders and Constitu- 
tions, as shall bee made by the said Mayor and Aldermen, as 
they will Answer the contrary at their utmost Perills: And for 

a C&lled Stevenzen lo the oath following this entiy. 



174 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

the due administracon of Justice, according to y* fiPorme and 
manner prescribed in this Commission, by the Mayor Aldermen 
and Sherriffe, These Presents shall bee to them, and every of 
them, a Sufficient Warrant and discharge in that behalf e; Given 
under my hand and Seale at ffort James in New Yorke, this 12.^ 
day of June 1665. 

RlOH^ NiOOLLS. 



[p. 194] Oath of office 

An Oath taken by the Mayor and Aldermen of New Torke. 

Whereas you Thomas WMllitt are Chosen and appointed by the 
Governor to bee Mayor, of this his Ma.^*®* City and Corporacon of 
New Yorke, and the Libertyes thereof, (And you Thomas Del- 
avail, Oloffe Stevenzen, John Brugges, Cornelius van Ruyven 
and John Laurence, to bee Aldermen, and Allard Anthony to bee 
SheiTiffe,) for one whole yearo, You do Rwearo by the ever living 
God, that yo" will truly Endeavo^ to y« best of your skill, with 
a. good Conscience, and according to the Lawes of this Gov- 
emmS dispense Justice equally and impartially, in all Cases, 
and to all Persons, where unto by vertue of yo^ Office, You are 
Impowred, You will endeavour the Peace and prosperity of this 
Corporacon, by putting in Practice such Peculiar Lawes, as at 
present, or from Time to Time, are, or shall bee found necessary 
or expedient for the good of the Inhabitants, and the Establish- 
ment of their just Rights and l*riviledges; So helpe you God. 



[p. 125] Confiscation of West India company's estate 

The Governo^ Declaracon, Declaring j^ confiscacon 
of y® West India Comp.y* Estate, in these parts. 

Whereas by a former Order bearing date of the 24^ of Decem- 
ber 1664, and many good Reasons & Consid(*rations mee there- 
unto moving, I did Publish an Arrest upon the P^state, both Eeall 
and Personall, belonging to the West India Company of Am- 
sterdam in Holland, And Notwithstanding their late high prov- 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1G64-65 175 

ocation by Letters under their hands, not onely of a Sciirriious 
nature, but in plaine Tearin(*s disavowing the Articles made at 
the Surrender of this Towne and ffort, under his Ma.^*^ obedi- 
ence, whereof they have, or might have enjoyed the benefitt, yet 
all further proc<?edings have b(^ne deferr'd untill this day; Now 
know all men by these I'resents, That his Ma.**® by his Royall 
Deelaracon, bearing date the 22^ day of flfebruary 1664; hath man- 
ifested to the world, that amongst other the Subjects of the 
United Provinces, the said West India Company, hath done great 
Spoyles, Injuryes and affronts, to his Ma>** Subjects, for which, 
no reparacon or satisfacon can bee obtained from the States 
of the United Provinces, but on the contrary, fresh Injuryes 
and depredations Acted by their Shipps of Warr, and Letters of 
Marque, Whereupon, his Mji.**® hath Declared the said States 
to bee the Aggresso.*^ and CJraunted Commissions for fighting 
with. Subduing Seizing and taking, all their Shipps, Vessells 
and Groods; Upon all w*^^ reasons, I have thought it my Duty 
to his Ma.**®, to Publish and Declare, that all the Houses, Lands, 
Goods, Estate both Reall and Personall, Debts and Creditts, 
belonging to the said West India Comp^iny, w***in any Part of y® 
Territoryes of his Royall Ilighnesse the Duke of Yorke, are Con- 
fiscated to the use and Service of his Ma."®; And I do in his 
Ma."®* name, further requii*e all Persons, within this Govern- 
ment, Justly and truly to discover and make knowne all or 
any Concealm* of the Premisses, as they tender their owne Lib- 
ertyes and Estates, their not Complyance with the full intent 
and purpose of this Deelaracon, shall bee at their utmost Perills; 
Given under my hand and Scale at ffort James in New Yorke 
this 15*^ day of June 1665. 

RlCH^ NiOOLLS. 



Warrant for the seizure of Ann Furse, servant [p- ^^1 

Whereas M'' Risden of Fairfield, hath made Complaint unto 
mee, That one Ann ffurse, a (^ovenant Maid Servant, belonging 
unto him, hath absented herselfe from his Service, & without 



176 NBAV YORK STATE LIBRARY 

his Leave or Lyce'nce, doth pri\ily lurke and Harbour herselfe 
in some place w^^in this Government; These are to will and 
require you, that yo^ Seize upon and Secure the Person of the 
said Ann Furse, (if found w^^in your pi'ecincts) Jind w^ the first 
oppertunity, that you send her to M^ Hendrick Obe of this 
Towne, or give him notice thereof, And what Charge yo^ may bee 
putt unto, in the Prosecution of this Warrant, the said M"" Obe, 
will give due Satisfaccon therefore; Given under my hand, at 
flfort James in New Yorke this 19*^ dav of June 1665. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

To the Justices, Constables and Overseers, of any of the 
Townes on Long Island. 



[p. 128] Proclamation concerning Peter Harris, physician 

# 

Rich** Nicolls Esq^, Governo'' under his Royall High- 
nesse the Duke of Yorke, of all his Territoryes in 
America. 

To all Persons, to whom these Presents shall come, 
Greeting. 

Whereas Peter Hariis is a Person who came over into these 
Parts w^^ niee, in his Ma.^^^ Service, and hath desii'ed Liberty 
to Exercize the Art of his Profession; These are to rcMjuire all 
Persons w^in this Governm^ to Permitt him so to do, and that 
they give him such Needfull Assistance and Encouragem^, as 
shall bee requisite, ITee being a Person of good Capacity and 
Experience, in the Ai-t of I'hysicke and Chirurgery; And very 
well Approved of by mee, for his knowledge therein. Upon which 
Confidence, I do hereby Recommend him unto yo", with these 
Testymonyalls, Given under my hand and Seale at flfort James 
in New Yorke this 19^^ day of June 16G5. 

RiCH^ Nicolls. 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 177 

Gov. NicoUs to Gov. Winthrop Cp «»] 

To my Hono.^** ffriend, John Winthrop 
Esq^ Governo^ of his Ma.^®® Colony of 
Conoctieutt. 
Worthy Sir. 

In pursuance of his Ma.^'*"** Commands, I havo inclosed a Copie 
of his Ma.^**** I^^tter, Avhich came to my hands tlu» 22^ of this 
instant June, th(» Contents whereof, I hope yo^ will speedily 
take into Consideration,' and provide the best yo" can, against 
the Common Enemy; I have madt* some former Proposalls to 
yo" of mutuall Assistance upon such occasions, but I could 
hitherto, never obtaine a Satisfactory Answer, your selves well 
know, that y® preservacon of this pla<(% is of the greatest con- 
sequence to the Safety, (not cmely of his Ma.^®* Interest in New 
England, but more Particularly of your severall Plantacons ad- 
jacent. You may R(»ad in his Ma.^'^ L(^tter, that hee hath beene 
pleased to Authorize and ImpowcM- mee, to St»e that y® Publick 
Peace and Safety, bee diligently attended in this conjuncture of 
affaires, and therefoi*e 1 desire yo" will give some speedy direc- 
tion, that the Neighbo'' Townes of your Colony, do upon notice 
from mee, of th(» Enemyes approach, repaire to New Yorke, to 
w^'^ place, DeKuiter hath Orders to give a visite, as my Letters 
from my Lord Chancellor informe; Yo" will bee pleased also, 
to dispatch these inclosed, to Boston, that his Ma**®* pleasure 
may bee fully performed. I am 

Y(f affectionate ffriend and Serv.^ 

Richard Nicolls. 
New Yorke 24^ June 1665. 



Gov. Nicolls to Gov. Bellingham [p. lao] 

To my worthy ffriend M^ Bellingham, Governo.^ 

of his Ma.^*®® Colony of y® Massachusetts. 
S^ 

This Inclosed is a Copy of a Letter w^^ I have Rec^ from his 
Ma."® the 22<* instant, I have dispatch't to you by the way of 



178 NEIW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Conecticott, And in regard that the Colonyes of Plymouth and 
Rhode Island are within a dayes Journey of Boston, I have 
thought it necessary to dispatch them under yo^ Cover, and de- 
sire yo" will Cause them to bee sent with all speed, as his Ma,^'® 
hath directed; I am 

James Fort in New Your atfection.* flFriend & Serv.* 

Yorke. 24^ June 1665. Rich^ Nicolls. 



^^- ^*^ Gov. Nicolls to Govs. Prince and Arnold 

To my wortliy ffriend, M^ Tho: Prince 
Govemo^ of his Ma."^ CoUmy of Plymouth. 

This Inclosed, is a Copie of a Lre w^*^ I have rec^ from his Ma.**«, 
it came to my hands the 22<* instant, and in obedience to the 
Commands therein expres't, I have given it the best dispatch I 
could, w^*^ is by Land, to Boston; I am informed that DeRuiter 
hath Particular Orders to give mee a visitt. So that there upon, 
I have his Ma.^*®* Particular Diit^ctions, which gives mee so 
much present Employment, that I hope yo" will Excuse mee, 
that I do not enlarge my selfe in words, how much I am 

Yo^ very affectionate ffriend & Serv.^ 

RicH^ Nicolls. 
ffort James in New Yorke 24^ June 1665. 



The like Lre was Written (at the same time), to M^ Bennedict 
Arnold, Govemo^ of his Ma.^^ Colony of Rhode Island. 



^^' ^^^^ Governor Nicolls to the people of Long Island 

A Lre of advice from y® Governo'', 

to the Inhabitants of Long Island. 
Gentlemen. 

I am Commanded by his Ma.^*® to give you notice, that after 
the great Spoyles and Depredacons done by the Subjects of the 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 179 

States of y* United Provinces, iii>on his Ma.^*"* good Subjects in 
severall parts of the world, for w"**, no Satisfaccon b}' way of 
Treaty, can bee obtained, his Ma.^*^ for defence of his Subjects, 
his Crowne and Dignity, is necessitated to enter into a VVarr, 
with the said States, and hath dechu*ed all their Shipps, and y® 
Shipps Goods or Merchandize, of any the Subjects or Inhabit- 
ants of the United Provinces, wherever taken and Seizcnl, to bee 
good and Lawfull Prize; tfurther. That his Ma."^ in his tfatherly 
Care of hi« good Subjei'ts, will to the utmost of his Power de- 
fend them, both at Sea and Land, And therefore, in these re- 
mote i)arts of his Dominions, hee hath Commanded mee, to take 
the best Cai*e I can, for the P(»ace and Security of this, and the 
rest of his Colonyes; To w*'^ purpose, yo" are hereby required, 
in yo*" severall qualityes and Conditions, to bee watchfull in yo'^ 
severall Townes, to give notice to each other, of any Shipps of 
Warr, that shall aj)p(»are upon the Coast, and with all Expe- 
dicon that every Towne bee Aiding and Assisting to eiich other; 
His Ma."® is informed, that DeRuiter hath Orders to Attempt 
the Recovery of this place, and Commands mee, to provide the 
best I can for the defence of it. Therefore 1 require you, to put 
yo^'selves into such a Posture, and ready nesse, that upon the 
first notice (which shall bee sent yo",) you shall Imediatly re- 
paire to the fferr>% over against New Yorke, as a place appointed 
for a Gen *^ meeting with your Amies, hereof yo" are not to 
Ifaile, as also to make Publication hereof, in the severall Townes 
of your Riding, as you'le Answer y® Contrary at yo*^ Perills. 

RlCH^ NiCOLLS. 

New Yorke 22* June 1665. 

To all Offic.'* both Civill & Military, 
to bee Comunicated to y® Inhabi.^ 
of the East Riding of Yorkshire. 

The like was sent to the North & West Ridings. 



[p. 1S8] 



180 NBfW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Passport to Jacques Cousseau 

M^ Couseau's Pasport for Germany. 

Whereas M^ Jaques Cousseau, hath requested Li^ave of mee, 
to Passe from this Port, to the City of Hamborough in Germany, 
with the Vessell called the Jane, whereof Dirick Jansen is Mast^; 
Now^ for that the said M^ Cousseau, is a free Denizen, and an 
Inhabitant of this place, and the said Vessell being Built in his 
Majestyes Dominions, and the place to which shee is Hound be- 
ing in Amity with his Ma.^^^; These are in his Ma.^**^ name, to 
require all Persons to Permitt and Suffer the said Jaques Cous- 
seau, with the said Vessell called the Jane, the said Master 
and Shipps ComiKiny, together with the Goods and Merchitndize 
therein, to Saile from hence to the said City of Hamborrough, 
without any manner of Lett, hinderance or molestacon, hee Pay- 
ing hei^e, such Dutyes and Customes, as are due and Payable 
by the rest of his Ma.^*^ good Subjects; Given under my hand 
and Seale at ffort James in New Yorke on Manhatans Island in 
America, this *$0^^ day of June 1665. 



RicH^ NrcoLLs. 



To all his Ma."^* Offic ™ and 
Command.™ both at Sea and 
Land, and whom else this 
may Concerne. 



[p. 181] Warrant for John Richbeirs possession of Horse Neck 

M"" Richbells Ord^ of Possession. 

Whereas the Matt^® in difference betweene M^ John Bichbell, 
and John Conckling, concerning a certaine Parcell of Land near 
Oyster Bay, called Horse Neck, were at the Generall Meeting at 
Hempsteed, heard on both Parts and Concluded, That M*" John 
Richbell had the right to the said Land, for w^^, hee had their 
Order of Possession; These are to require and Command you, 
That you immediatly put ^F Richbell, or his Assignes, into Pos- 
session of the premisses, and that no Person bee permitted to 



GENERAL DNTRIBS, 1664-65 181 

keepe iwssession, of any part, or Parcell thereof, who pretend 
any Kight or Title, fix)m, by or under the said John Conckling, 
for w^, this shall bee your Sufficient WaiTant; Given under my 
hand, at ITort James in New Yorke this 30.^^ day of June 1665. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To all Justices of y® Peace high Consta- 
bles, Constables Overseers, or whom else 
this may Concerne. 



Warrant concerning the estate of Joseph Langton [p- *»] 

A Warr*int to the Constable and Overseers of fflush- 
ing, concerning the Estate of Joseph Lanckton de- 
ceased. 

Whereas I formerly gave Order to the Constable and Over- 
seers of your Towne, that they should make an Enquiry after, 
and Examine into y® Estate of Joseph Lanckton deed; These 
are farther to Authorize and {ipi)oint you, the Constable and 
Overseers of fflushing, to take all due Care therein, And you are 
to Secure, what you shall finde to bee any part of the Estate of 
the said Joseph I>angton, that neither y« Credito"" or Children of 
the deceased, may be deceaved of their Bights, Hereof, you are 
to give Account at the next Sessions; Given under my hand at 
ffort James in New Yorke this 3^ day of July 1665. 

RicH^ Nicolls. 
To the Constable & Overseers of the 

Towne of fflushing upon Long Island. 



John de Capres ordered to appear before the governor [p. lao] 

An Order for John de Capres, to appeare before 
the Governo^, to make good his Title. 

Upon Informacon given in before mee, That John de Capres, 
of Marsh-path Kills, doth enjoy and lay Claime, unto a certaine 
Parcell of ffly Land, lying in that Creeke, but that hee neither 



182 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Purchased the same, or can Show any just right or Title, hee 
hath there unto; These are to require the said John de Capres, 
that hee appeare before mee, on Munday morning next, by 10 
of the Clock, being the 10*^ of this instant Moneth, and that hee 
bring w*^ him, his Deedes and Evidences, by rertue of w^^, hee 
holds his Land there, and declare by what right, hee holds the 
said ffly Lands, Given under my hand at ffort James in New 
Yorks this 5,^ day of July 1665. 

RlOH.^ NiCOLLS. 



[p. itej Jacob Vis allowed to dispose of his house 

Liberty Granted to M"" Jacob Vis, to dispose 
of his House in Delaware Bay. 

Upon the Request of M*" Jacob Vis an Inhab.^ of this place. 
That hee may have Liberty to Sell a certaine House and Garden 
Ground, lying, and being at or neare New Castle in Delaware 
Bay, of which, hee is now in Possession, as being his proper and 
Reall Estate; I do hereby give and Grant leave unto the said 
Jacob Vis, to Sell, or otherwise dispose, of his said House, Gar- 
den Ground and Appurtenances, as hee shall thinke fitt, to any 
Person living within this Governniyent; Given under my hand 
at ffort James, in New Yorke this 5^ day of July 1665. 

KlCH^ NiCOliLS 



[p 187] Edward Miller granted a discharge 

September the 25<^, 1665, 

This day the Gen.*" Granted a discharge to Edward Miller, 
which was drawne upp, and Sign'd accordingly. 



ip 187] Order for search for two servants 

Soptombor 1*^ 1665. 

This day a Warrant for a Hue and Cry was signed by Cap^ 
X(»dham, for y® apprehending of Edward Wintuck and Humphrey 



GENERAL BNTRIBS, 1664-65 183 

Hill, being Covenant Serv^, the one to M^ Jonathan Selwick, the 
other to M^ Robert Usher of Stamford, directed to y« JusticeB 
and other Offic ™ of any of y® Townes on Long Island. 



General permit for trading granted to William Danrall ^^' ^"^ 

The Governo" Liberty, graunted unto 
M"" William Darvall Merch^. 

Whereas IVP William Darvall Merchant, hath requested Lib- 
erty of mee to Trade and Traffiek in these parts; ffor an En- 
conragem^ unto him, and to otluM' Merchants, who shall Endeav- 
our to promote the Encrease of (^ommerce here, I do Graunt 
his Request, And do likewise require all Persons in his Ma.^y®" 
name, to permitt and Suffer him to Passe from hence to Boston, 
or any other his Ma.^®* Colonyes in America, and to returne w^ 
his Goods and Merchandize, Provided thev bee such as are not 
Prohibited by Act of Parliament, nor the Lawes of this Govern- 
ment, And hee Paying the Dutyes and ('u«tomes, as of other his 
Ma.^^ good Subjects are required; Given under my hand and 
Scale at ffort James in New Yorke y® 16.*^ day of Sept. 1665. 

Rich.'' Nioolls. 
To all Offic." &c. 



Citizenship granted to AUard Anthony and Balthazar De Haart [p. iw] 

A Denization graunted unt M"" Allard Anthony. 

Whereas this City and ffort, were upon the 29^ day of August 
last, Surrendred upon Articles, into my hand under his Ma.^®« 
Obedience; And Allard Anthony, being one of the Inhabitants 
of the place at the Surrender thereof, and since hath taken the 
Oath, to bee a true Subject to his Ma^^; These are to Certify, 
That y® said Allard Anthony, is a ffree Denizen of this place and 
is to Enjoy the Benefitt of the said Articles, Together with all 
the Priviledges and Immunityes there unto belonging, I do there- 
fore in his Ma.^* name, require all Persons, to permitt and suffer 



[D. 141] 



184 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

the said Allard Anthony, freely to Trade or Trafficke, as one 
of his Ma.**^ Subjects, in any Goods or Merchandize, (not Pro- 
hibited by Act of Parliam*) either in this, or any other part of 
his Ma.**®" Dominions, w***out any manner of Lett, hinderance or 
molestacon, hee Paying such Dutyes and Custonies, as of other 
his Ma.'^ good Subjects are required: Given under my hand 
and Seale, at ffort James in New Yorke, on y® Island of Man- 
hatans, the 16^*^ dav of January, in the 17*^ vear of his Ma.^** 
Reigne, Annoq Domini 1664. 

To all Offic.*^ both Military llicn^ Xicolls. 

& Civill, or whom else this may 
eoncerne. 



The like at y® same time, was graunted to Balthazer 
de Haart. 



Passport to Simon Cornelissen Glide and ship Gideon of 

Amsterdam 

Simon Cornelius Gilde. 

Sept: 9.*"^ 1664. Whereas the Towne and Fort of New Amster- 
dam (now^ called New Yorke and James ffort) wjis vpon the 29^^ 
of August 1664, Surrendered upon Articles into my hands under 
his Ma.*^^ obedience. And Whcieas it is Agreed in the 23** Ar- 
ticle, That if there be Jiny Souldiors that will go into Holland, 
and if y^ Company of West India in Amsterdam, or any private 
psons here, will Tramiiport them into Holland, then they shall 
have a Safe Pasport from Coll. Rich. Nicolls Governor under 
his Royall Highnes, and the other Com.^* to defend the Shipps 
that shall Transi>ort such Souldiers, and all the Goods in them, 
from any Surprizall, or Acts of hostility to be done by any of his 
Ma."**® Shipps or Subjects; These are tlu^refore to Certifie, That 
the Hearer hereof Symon Cornelius (^lilde, with the Shipp 
Guydion of Amsterdam was at the Surrender of the said Towne 
and ffort, & is therefore to Enjoy the b(»nefitt of that abouesd 
2lV^ AHicle, as being Employed from hence to Transi-ort all 
those Souldi.™ and Goods therein compriz'd I doe therefore in 



GENERAL ENTRIES, 1664-65 185 

his Ma.^®* Name require, that the said MS his Shipp, the Soul- 
diers, and all the Goods therein, may be permitted to Saile into 
any Port or Harbour of Holland, without ye^ let, or molestacon, 
of any his Ma,**®* good Subjects whatsoever, Given und'" my 
Hand and Seale this 9^^ day of Septembr 1664. at James ffort in 
New Yorke on the Isle of Manhatoes in America. 

Richard Nicolls. 
To all his Ma.^^ Officers and Comanders 

both at Sea and Land, or whom else 

this may concerne. 

Attested by us his Ma.^^ Com"*, in America. 

RoBT. Carr, 
Geo. Cartwright. 



Passport to Fobbe Roberts [p "«3 

ffobbe Robberts. 

Sept 9*^^ These are to Certifie, that the Bearer hereof ffobbe 

Roberts, being an Inhabitant of this Towne of New Yorke, lately 

new Amsterdam, is a ffree Denizen of this place, and is to Enjoy 

all such priviledges, as are Contained in the Articles relating 

unto Denizens, and hath liberty to passe from hence (w*^ his 

Goods and Merchandize) in the Barke whereof David Anderson 

is Master to Virginia, and to returne from thence w^^out any 

lett, hinderance, or molestacon whatsoever Given under my hand 

at James ffort in New York on the Isle of Manhatoes, this 9*^ 

day of September 1664 

Richard Nicolls. 
To all Officers, both Military 

and Civill, and whom else 

this may Concerne. 

The remainder of the book is represented in the calendar, where are given all 
the essential facts in the oi-i«;iual. Full copies were coDsidcred unnecessary as 
they wonld only add a mass of legal verbiage, specimens of the forms having 
been given in several documents immediately preceding this. — G. R. H, 




INDEX 



The superior figures tell the exact place on the page in ninths; e. g. 
146* means page 146, beginning in the third ninth of the page, i. e. about 
one third of the way down. The entries In the calendar are Indexed only 
so far as they arc not fully printed in the text 



Abells, Heudrlcls, grant of land to, 

161*. 

Albany (Aurania, Beverwyclt, Fort 
Orange). Andrew Teller .of. 62^ 
passes for trading in, 67», 6»», Gd^\ 
date of settlement, 8^; instruc- 
tions to property liolders. 1)7'; 
Col. Cartwright to take pos- 
session of, 105*; trading in. 
by John de Declcer. lOO*; 
treaty with Indians at, 11()*- 
12"; agreement regarding trade, 
taxation and government, 112^-14' ; 
land near granted to Thomas 
Powell, IGl*, 162"; permission to 
Peter Schuyler to buy lands near, 
1G1'-G2*; purchase of Round Is- 
land near, 1G2*; baiters must be 
permanent residents of city, 1G3\ 

Albemarle river, mentioned, GT. 

Aldermen, office created, 172"; com- 
mission, 172»-74='; oath of office, 
174*. 

Aldricks, Mrs, pass for, 58*. 

Alexander, Sir William, see Stir- 
ling, earl of. 

Allegiance, oath of, see Oath of al- 
legiance. 

Allen (Allyn). John, secretary of 

Connecticut colony, 129\ 135'; 
deputy to nu^t royal commis- 
sioners, i:j4'; agreement as to 
boundaries of New York and 
Connecticut, 135"-rG'. 



Amboy (N. J.), warrant for pur- 
chase of land near, 117*. 

Ammunition, receipt for, 124'. 

Anawweed, a Seneca chief, llO^. 

Anderson, David, order concerning, 
lOG'; mentioned. 185". 

Andrews, Luke, pass for. 58*. 

Anthony, Allard, warrant for de- 
livery of negro servant, 170'; ap- 
pointe<l sheriff, 173*; citizenship 
granted to, 183^-84*. 

Applegate, Thomas, order concern- 
ing, 138'. 

Arnold, (Jov. Benedict, letter to, 
from royal commissioners on re- 
duction of New York, 107*-8"; let- 
ter to from Gov. Nicolls urging 
necessity of cooperation against 
tlie iKitch. ns\ 

Articles of surrender, 95-08, 102-4. 

Aruba mentioned, 88*. 

Aschanoondah, a Seneca chief, 110^. 

Ashford, see Setauket. 

Aurania, instructions to property 
hoUlers in, 97*. See also Albany. 

Backer, John Claes, permit to trade, 

Baker, Jacob, pass for, 59', 60*; 
award in case of Timothy Gabry 
and Jan Jansen Verryn, 120\ 

Baker, Capt. John, warrant to 
searcli the Oideon, 106*. 



188 



NBW YORK STATB UBRART 



Baker (Backer), Thomas, deputy to 
Hempstead, 156'; member of com- 
mittee to examine bouuds of 
towns on Long Island, 156'. 

Bakers of Albany must be per- 
manent residents of city, 163*. 

Baltimore, Lord, commissioners* 
message to his son, 126*-27'. 

Bandoven, Jaques, mentioned, 14(y. 

Barnardlston, Henry, discharged, 
129», 130\ 

Bartleson, Jonas, adjustment of 
accounts, 171*. 

Barton, Roger, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Baylis (Bayly), Elizabeth, marriage 
license, 147^ 

Beaver, trading in, 113*; duty on, 
123*, 16r. 

Bedloe, Isaac, pass for, 58^. 

Bellingham, Gov. Richard, letter to 
from Gov. Nicolls urging neces- 
sity of cooperation against Dutch, 
177»-78^ 

Benedict, Thomas, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156'. 

Bennett, Sir Henry, letter to from 
royal commissioners on proposed 
expedition against New York, 74*- 

77^ 

Bergen, John, pass for, 64*; men- 
tioned, 14(P. 

Bergen, conveyance to Thomaa 
Davison of land near, 60*; magis- 
trates ordered to provide quarters 
for soldiers, 148*. 

Betts, Richard, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Blashford, Elizabeth, marriage 
license, 170*. 

Block, Hans, agreement with Sir 
Robert Carr, 128*. 

Bonaire, mentioned, 88*. 

Boone, Francis, pass for, 60*. 

Boston, mentioned, 70», 12\ 74*, 78', 
9r, 93*, 101«, 159», 17r, 178\ 



Bowne, John, warrant for pur- 
chase of land near Amboy, N. J., 
117"; deputy to Hempstead, 156*. 

Boyd, James, pass for, 70*. 

Bradish, Hannah, right to dispose 
of estate of Joseph Langton, 160^- 
61*. 

Brantzen, Cornelius, see Van Nieu- 
kirk, Cornells Brantse. 

Brazier, Rebecca, marriage license, 
167^-68^ 

Breedon, Thomas, witness to treaty 
with Indians, 111*. 

Bridges, Charles, protest against 
sale of land, 63*; runaway ser- 
vant to be sent to, 160*; com- 
plaint against an Indian, 159*, 
160«. 

Brinckling, William, mentioned, 

149'. 

Brinkerhoff, Hendrick Joerisen 
(Hendrick Yorasseu), deputy to 
Hempstead, 150*. 

Broadgate, Thomas, discharged, 129". 

Broadhead, Daniel, witness to 
treaty with Indians, lll^ 

Bronchxland, mentioned, 63*. 

Brookhavcn, scv Setauket. 

Brooklyn (Brokeland, Brookland), 
to elect deputies to Hempstead 
meeting, 155"; deputies to Hemp- 
stead, 156*; Thomas Nay lor of, 
170». 

Browne, John, sec Bowne, John. 

Brugges, John, see Van Brugh, 
Johannes. 

Bruyn, Jan Hendrick, permission 
to buy land, 163*. 

Bruynsen, Pioter, see VanBohemen, 
Pieter Bruynsen. 

Burding, Claes, pass for, 58*. 

Burgomasters, oath taken by, 146'- 
47*; title abolished, 172*. 

Buruton, William, letter to from 
royal commissioners on reduc- 
tion of New York, 107*-8\ 



liirton, Caleb. ■ 

tbe Gideon. 105'. 
juBbwicb. to elect deputies to 

meeting at Elcmpstoad, IWi'; 

deputies to Hempstead. l.W. 

Za.pt Cod. mentinnod. 74*. 

Cnpres, John de. ordered to appear 
before Governor. 181'-82'. 

Carr, Sir Robert, letter from royal 
com m I aa loners Instructing bim to 
go to Nantasket. 73'-74'; warrant 
to preBB Bblp William anilNicholas 
Into service of king. 94*; commis- 
sioner to treat upon terms of sur- 
render for New Netherlands. OS'. 
102". 103'; concemlDg commatnl 
of ship William and flicholas. 08': 
letter to Gov. Endlcott ou affali-s 
at Manhattan. lOO"-!'; comrals- 
ajon to go to Delaware bay, 104'; 
recall to New York. 121'; instruc- 
tions to for taking Delaware bay, 
12.'>'-27': agreement with people 
of Delaware, 127' -28'; passport 
issued by for sbip Oi(IeoH,lS4'-Sj*. 

Cartwrlght. George, orders from gen- 
eral court to. 72'-73'; advises 
Gov. Wlnthrop of arrival, 73"; let- 
ters to Sir Robert Carr and 
Samuel Maverick toBtruetlng 
them to come to Nantasket. 73'- 
74': letter to Sir Henry Bennett 
on proponed expedition against 
New York. 74'-77'; requests 
Masnachusetts Bay colony to fur- 
nish men for expedition against 
New York. 77"; letlcr to Gov. 
Wlnthrop requesting him to meet 
tbe expedition against New York. 
78'; letter from Gov. Stuyvewnnt 
asking reasons for .ippeiir.iiiee of 
English fleet. 80°-81'; deputy from 
Col. NIcholls to Gov. Stuyveaant 
82*, 88*; letter from general court 



Cartwrlgbt George, continued. 
to. on sending soldiers to Man- 
hattan. 93'; warrant to press 
ship William and Tiicholas Into 
service of king, 04*; commissioner 
to treat upon terms of surrender 
for New Netherlands. SS". 102*. 
103*: concerning command of 
ship William and Nicholas, 98*; 
letter to Gov. Endlcott on aflrnlrs 
at Manhattan. lOO'-l*: commiB- 
sions Sir Kobert Corr to go to 
Delaware bay, 104*; commis- 
sion to go to Fort Orange, 
105*; treaty with Indians, 110"- 
12*; recall of Sir Robert Carr, 
121*; com missions Gov. NIcolla 
to go to Delaware, 121'-22'; cer- 
tificate that Capt, Hyde carried a 
Jack -flag by allowance of com- 
mission, 124': sailing orders to 
Ciipt. Hyle, 124'-25'. 133'; boun- 
daries of Connecticut and New 
York defined, 135'-3<!''; pnssporl 
issued by for sbip Qidenn, 184'-8ri'. 
Carver. William, mentioned, 106'. 

I Carveth. Thomas, commission as 

I notary public, 125*. 

I Case, Ttiomas, rs Mary Case, 153*, 

j leS". 

I Casturier. Henry, nee C-ouBturler. 

Cawyngo, an Indian sachem. 111*. 

Cetcliam. .Tohn. see Ketobam. John. 

Cbangororissa. mentioned, 117'. 

' Charlton, Richard, witness to sale 

of land by Isaac Forrest, 0!C. 

(.-hester, Samuel, pass for, 01', 

Child stolen by Indians, 160*. 

ClaeriHiut (Clnerhoudt). Walraeff. 
pass for. 70'. 

Clark. Capt. Thomas, messenger to 
royal torn m I ssl oners. 93'; com- 
missioner to treat upon tei'ms of 
surrender for New Netherlands, 
08*, 102", 103'; meBsenger from 



190 



NEW YORK STATS LIBBABT 



Clark, Gapt Thomas, continued 
royal commissioners to Gov. 
Endlcott, 100^ 

Clarke, John, messenger to royal 
commissioners from Gov. Ar- 
nold, lOT** 

Claverack, permission to buy lauds 
near, 163^ 

Clute, Johannes, permission to buy 
land, 163». 

Cockrell, John, marriage license, 
148\ 

Coe. John, license to raise recruits 
for army, 85=; deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Cole, , pientioned, 152*. 

Commission to treat upon terms of 
surrender, 101'-2*. 

Commissioners, royal; proclama- 
tion to publish design, 79'; meet- 
ings with commissioners of 
United Colonies, 128'-29*; appoint- 
ment of Connecticut deputies to 
meet, 134'-35''. See also Carr, 
Robert; Cartwright, George; 
Maverick, Samuel; Nlcolls, 
Richard. 

Companion (ship), mentioned, 70*. 

Compass, receipt for, 323'. 

Conegehaugah, an Indian chief. 111'. 

Conkeeherat, a Seneca chief, 110*. 

Conlvling (Conckliug), John, claim 
to lands on Oyster Bay, 110% 120*, 
130*-31», 180«. 

Connecticut, towns on Long Island 
under government of, 131", 153*; 
appointment of deputies to meet 
royal commissioners, 134'-35'; 
l)oundaries, 132*, 135'-3G'; case of 
Thomas and Mary Case, 153', 
1GG». 

Connecticut, governor of, see Win- 
throp, John. 

Connecticut river, llrst settlement 
on, 89*. 

Conninck, Aldert, pass for, 70'. 



Cooling, William, proof of sale of 
lands on Oyster Bay, 131*. 

Cornells, Arnold, allowed to dispose 
of his cattle, 165*. 

Cornelius, Paulus, pass for, 58*. 

(Cornell, Thomas, mentioned, 63*. 

Cornhill, Richard, deputy to Hemp- 
stead. 15C*. 

Cortelyou (Coutllleau), Jacques, 
deputy to Hempsted, 156"; sur- 
veyor, 162*. 

Cosseau, James, see Oousseau, 
Jacques. 

Course, Barren, pass for, 70*. 

Ck)usseau, Jacques, permit to trade, 
61*; sent to confer with deputies 
from Comr. Nlcolls, 86*, 86', 92*; 
commissioner to treat upon terms 
of surrender of New Netherlands, 
1)8». 102', 102'; award in case of 
l^motliy Gabry and Jan Jansen 
Verryn, 120*; oath of office. 146"; 
l)as8 for trading vessel to Hol- 
land, 148'-49*; passport to Ger- 
many, 180*. 

Cousturier Elizabetli, pass for, 63*. 

('ousturler fCasturier),Henry, agree- 
ment with Sir Robert Carr, 128'. 

Coutilleau, Jacques, see Cortelyou, 
Jacques. 

Cowenhoven, sw Van Couwenhoven. 

(.'ox. Tliomas, marriage license, 
170*. 

Cninston, Capt, messenger from 
Gov. Arnold to royal commis- 
sioners, 107". 

Crogier, Capt. Martin, pass for, 69*. 

Cristy, James. mentione<l, 139*. 

Crost Ilvart (ship), passport, 69*; 
permission to enter port, 158*. 

Cryuen. Jan Cornolyssen, men- 
tioned, r,<y. 

Cura(;oa, (Curacco, Curaco). men- 
tioned, or, S8\ 122'. 

(nistonis and duties, 122*-23', 133»- 
34«, 16(5'-67«. 



INDIBX 



191 



Barcy, John, settlement of ac- 
counts of, 69*. 

Darling, Kichard, mentioned, 149*. 

Darvall, William, license to trade, 
183*. 

Davis, Capt. William, to present 
orders to Royal commissioners, 
72^ 

Davison, liobert, discharged, 114*. 

Davison, Thomas, deed of sale of 
land to, 69*. 

Decider (Declyer), John de, pass for, 
61^ appointed to asic reasons for 
appearance of English fleet, 80'; 
sent to confer with deputies from 
Com'r Nlcolls, 86S 86'; commis- 
sioner to treat upon terms of sur- 
render of New Netherlands, 98", 
102\ 102*; banishment, 109'. 

De Haart, Balthazer, citizenship 
granted to, 184*. 

Delavall (Delevall), Thomas, pass 
for, 70*; deputy from Col. Nlcolls 
to Peter Stuyvesant, 82*, 88*; war- 
rant to search the Oideon, 105*; in 
charge of shipping interests, 116", 
122*-23*. 133*-34*. 167*; appointed 
alderman, 173*. 

Delaware bay, mentioned, 58*, 63*, 
69*; Sir Robert Carr's commission 
to, 104*; Col. NicoUs* commission 
to, 12r-22*; ships flags for Sir 
Robert Carr at, 123"; Capt. 
Thomas Morley at, 124*; instruc- 
tions to Sir Robert Carr for talc- 
ing, 125*-27*; agreement between 
Sir Robert Carr and people of, 
127*-28'; house of Jacob Vis on, 
182*. 

Delaware river (South river), first 

settlements on, 89*. 

Demeyer, Nicholas. citizenship 
granted to, 68*. 

Denton, Daniel, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Denton, Rev. Richard, mentioned, 

isr. 



De Peyster (de Peister), Johannes, 
pass for, 69*; oath of oflice, 146*. 

De Riemer, Matchtelt, pass for, 69*. 

De Ruyter, Admiral, expectation of 
hostile visit from fleet of, 177*, 
179*. 

Dewedt, Johannes, pass for, 69*. 

Dirickse, Siwart, pass for, 69*. 

Doughty, Elias, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*; letter to concerning 
Hannah Bradish, 160'-61*. 

Duties and customs, 122*-23*, 133*- 
34*, 166^-67*. 

Dyer, William, messenger from Gov. 
Arnold to royal commissioners, 
107". 

East Hampton, deputies from to 
Hempstead, 156", 156*. 

Ebbinclc. Jeronimus, pass for, 70*. 

Elbertsen, Elbert, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Kliaa (ship), letters to commis- 
sioners on board of, 73'-74". 

Endeavor (ship), mentioned, 6r. 

EUidicott, Gov. John, illness, 74*; 
letter to from royal commis 
sioners on affairs at Manhattan 
lOO'-l*. 

Espachomy, an Indian settlement, 
111*. 

Evertsen, John, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Expedition (frigate), mentioned, 
106*. 

Export duties, 167". 8re also Duties. 

Fairfield (Ct) (Onltway, Uuquet). 
mentioned. 58*, 63*. 175*. 

Finch. Francis, mentioned, 152^ 

Flags carried by the Otiinca, 123'- 
24*. 

Flatbush, to elect deputies to meet- 
ing at Hempstead, 155*; deputies 
to Hempstead, 152*. 

Flatlands, to elect deputies to meet- 
ing at Hempstead, 155*; deputies 
to Hempstead, 156*. 



192 



NEW YORK STATB LIBRARY 



Flushing (Ull8sen),permIs8ion given 
to raise recruits for army, 85'; 
old form of name, 85*; warrant 
to magistrate for retrrn of Ann 
Wood to her husband, l.»7*; majr 
istrates and constable of. 14r; 
boundaries, 143'-44^ 151'-^)l>^ 15C/; 
case of William Lawrence, 151'; 
deputies to Hempstead, 15G*; 
marriage licenses, 157'; estate of 
Joseph Langton, 160'-C1», 181*. 

Forrest, Isaac, deed of sale of land. 
61)=. 

Forrest James, agent for the earl 
of Stirling, 130^ 

Fort Albany, see Albany. 

Fort Aurania, see Albany. 

a Fort James, mutiny of garrison, 
i:{3'; first mentioned, 105'. See 
alMo New York. 

Fort Orange, mentioned. 58^ date 
of settlement, 89'; Com'r Cart- 
wright's commission to, 105°. See 
also Albany. 

Fosse, Younger, see Vos, Baltasar 
de. 

Frowde, Col. Philip, letter from 
Richard Nicolls on discharged 
soldiers, 114*. 

Furse, Ann. warrant for seizure of, 
175»-7G«. 

Gabry, Jacob, pass for, GO*. 

Gabry. Timothy, pass for, GO'; 
warrant concerning, 117*-18^; 
order concerning, llD'-liO'; oath 
of office, 14G*. 

Oalioti (ship), mentioned, Gl*. 

(Gardner's Island, mentioned, 74\ 

General entries, description, 53-54. 

General meeting at Hempstead, see 
Hempstead. 

(Jerretson's Bay, 10G\ 

Gibbons, Richard, rules for settle- 
ment of Navasiuk lands, 1G8'. 



Gideon (ship), warrant to search 
105'; passport for, 184»-85*. 

Gild«», Simon Cornelissen, passport, 
184»-85*. 

Gold, Natlian, deputy to meet royal 
commissioners, 134*; agreement as 
to boundari(»s of New York and 
Connecticut, 135»-36». 

(roldinge, William, warrant for pur- 
chase of land near Amboy, N. J., 
117*. 

(Tovernment of New. York, changes 
in, 17r-72«. 

Gravesend, mentioned, 60*, 85«, 87*, 
118'; boundaries, 108*'-9*; com- 
plaint of Thomas Applegate 
against magistrates, 138*; mar- 
riage licenses, 14r, 167^-68*; depu- 
ties to Hempstead, 156*, 157*. 

Greene, George, discharged, 114'. 

Greene Island, mentioned, 162*. 

Ci rover, James, warrant for pur- 
chase of land near Amboy, N. J., 
117^ 

(» roves, Capt. Edward, deputy from 

Col. Nicolls to Gov. Stuyvesant, 

82», 88«. 

(juilder, rate of in New York cur- 
rency, 1G7\ 

(iuinva ((Juyny), (ship), arrival at 
Nantasket Roads, 74'; at Nyack, 
82"; ordered under command of 
Sir Robert Carr to go to Dela- 
ware bay. 104^ flags, 123\ 124'; 
receipt for ammunition, 124*; 
(»rders for sailing, 124»-25% 133*; 
delay in sailing, 125'. 

Ciuydiou (ship), see Gideon (ship). 

Guyon, Jaques, mentioned, 140'. 

Haart, Halthazer de, see De Haart, 

Halthazer. 
Ilaeii. Isaju-k de. mentioned, 140*. 
Hall. William, discharged, 114V 
Ilallett. William, magistrate of 

Flushing, 14r. 



a Several succeeding documenU dated at Fort James. 



INDEX 



193 



Harlem, order to concerning sale of 
liquor to Indians, 15iy ; scout, non- 
performance of duty, lG5*-(5(3'; 
annexed to New York, 173". 

Harris, Peter, license to practise 
medicine, 176*. 

Hartford, mentioned, 91', 128", 134", 
135». 

Harvey, Matthias, complaints 
made by in name of Oyster Bay, 
110^; deputy to Hempstead, 156". 

Hempstead (Ilampstead), permis- 
sion given to raise recruits, 85*; 
concerning Jeremy Wood of, 
149'; meeting of deputies at, 154*- 
55'; list of deputies to general 
meeting, 156*; deputies from to 
general meeting, 150*; appoint- 
ment of committee to report to 
general meeting, 156'-57*; mar- 
riage license dated at, 157"; case 
decided at general meeting, 180*. 

Hermans, Ann, mentioned, 140". 

Hewson, Thonias, discharged, 129*. 

Hicks, John, deputy to Hempstead, 
156". 

Hide. Capt. Hugh, see Hyde, Capt 
Hugh. 

Hill, Humphrey, order for arrest 
of. 183*. 

Hill, Capt. William, witness to 
articles of agreement between 
royal commissioners and Capt. 
Thomas Morley, 09*; to convey 
letter from Com*r. Nicolls to 
Peter Stuyvesant, 83% 87". 

Hog Neck, mentioned, 120*. 

Hog's island, see Matinlcock. 

Hoofman, Martin, pass for, 58". 

Hopewell (ship) pass to Holland, 
68', 148"-49". 

Horse Neck, warrant for possession 
of, 180^-81«. 

Horsley, Charles, discharged, 129". 

Howe, Capt., land sold to, 131". 



Howell, John, warrant for collec- 
tion of taxes, 131"; instruction to, 
132*; deputy to Hempstead, 156'. 

Hul>bard (Hubbart), James, mar- 
riage license, 147'; deputy to 
Hempstead. 156"; member of com- 
mltttK> to exajnine bounds of 
towns on Long Island, 157*. 

Hudson, Henry, order concerning, 
106'. 

Hudson river, mentioned, 77*. 

Fluntlngtou, concerning Thomas 
Powell of, 116"; deputies to 
Hempstead, 156*, 157"; order to 
magistrates of, 165*; landing of 
tobacco in, 168"-69". 

Iluygen, Hendrick, mentioned, 140*. 

Hyde (Hide), Capt. Hugh, warrant 
to compel reduction of New Am- 
sterdam, 93' -94'; jack flag carried 
by, 124'; ammunition sent to Capt 
Thomas Morley, 124"; orders to 
sail for Portsmouth, 124"-25", 133"; 
delay in sailing, 125'. 

Import duties, 166^. See also Duties. 

Indians, at Albany, treaty with, 
110"-12"; trading with, 113"; 
honesty, 143'; no person to buy 
lands of without permission from 
governor, 143"; sale of liquor to, 
159*; child stolen by, 169". 

Jack flag carried by the Chiinea, 124*. 

Jackson. Robert, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156". 

Jamaica, permission given to raise 
recruits in, 85*; boundaries, 143"- 
44', 151"-52", 156"; warrant to 
magistrates of. concerning Hen- 
drick Thompson, 149*; case of 
Andrew Messenger, 144'-45", 152"- 
53*; under government of Con- 
necticut, 153'; deputies to Hemp- 
stead, 156". 

Jane (ship), mentioned, 180". 



194 



NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



Jansen, Dlrick, master of the Jane, 
180=*. 

Jcssop :Jas8op), Edward, deputy to 
Ilemijstead, 156*; member of com- 
mittee to examine bounds of 
towns on Long Island, 157^; child 
stolen by Indians, 169*. 

Jochems, David, pass for, 68\ 

Johnson, Henry, agreement with 
Sir Robert Carr, 128^. 

Ketchaxn (Cetchani), John, deputy 

to Hempstead, 156*. 
Keyen, Pieter Claes, citizenship 

granted to, 64*. 
Kinderhook, grant of laud near, to 

Thomas Powell, lOr. 
Kip, Jacob, oath of office. 147\ 

Lanckton, Joseph, sec Langton, 
Joseph. 

Lane, Daniel, deputy to Hempstead, 
156*; member of committee to ex- 
amine bounds of towns on Long 
Island. 156*. 

Langton (Lanckton), Joseph, dis- 
posal of estate, 160^-61^ warrant 
concerning estate, 181". 

Lawrence, John, pass for, GO*; at- 
torney for Flushing in dispute 
over boundary, 151^ 156^ 157'; 
appointed alderman, 173'. 

Lawrence (Laurence), Thomas, 
complaint against magistrates of 
Newtown, 138'-39*; order for re- 
turn of animal to, 139^. 

Lawrence, William, case of, 15V; 
marriage license, 157*. 

Lee, Richard, mentioned, 106\ 

I^enington (Ijcnenton), Henry, war- 
rant to surrender land to Oyster 
Bay, llOS 120\ 

Leverett Maj.-Gen., mentioned. 
74*. 

Levy, Asser, citizenship granted to, 
68\ 



Liquors, sale to Indians* 150^; duty 
on, 166^ 

London, mentioned, 114*. 

Long Island, limits of, Gov. Stuyvo- 
sant's agreement with CaptJohu 
Scott respecting, 92*; soldiers to 
retain their arms, 1(X)^ earl of 
Stirling empowers James Forrest 
to let or sell any part of, 130^; 
collection of taxes, 13r-32*; 
towns on, under government of 
Connecticut, 131', 153'; taxes and 
gov(?rnment, 132*-33*; wholly 
within the Duke of York's patent, 
131^ 132*, 135*; magistrates con- 
tinued in office, 132'; meeting Of 
deputies at Hempstead, 154*-57^ 
committee appointe<l to examine 
drafts of several towns on, 156*- 
57*; surveyor of customs, l(>8*-(>9*; 
declaration of war against Dutch 
communicated to people of, 178*- 
79". 

Ix)ockermans (Looc^uermans), Cov- 
ert, pass for, 59*; restoration of 
land to, 106^-7"; land sold by, to 
Oyster Bay, llOS 120», 130*-31*; 
certificate of citizenship, 121*. 

I^ooten, Derrick, mentioned, 140*. 

Lovell, Thomas, certificate of dis- 
charge, 165'. 

Lubbertsen, Frederick, deputy to 
Hempstead, 156*. 

Lutlieran minister, permission to 
procure, 136'. 

* 

Mamaroneck river, the west bounds 
of Connecticut, 135'. 

Manhattan island, intended expedi- 
tion against, 75^-77"; Gov. Win- 
tlirop requested to meet expedi- 
tion against, 78*; Col. Nicolls de- 
mands surrender, 81*-82^, 86^-87*; 
people from Netherlands may set- 
tle at 84'; Gov. Stuyvesant 
denies right of England to, 87*- 



INDEX 



195 



Manhattan island, continued, 
92»; date of settlement, 80* : arti- 
cles of surrender, 95-08, 102-4: 
commission to treat upon terms 
of surrender, 101'-2*. f^re also 
New York. 

Manning. John, witness to treaty 
with Indians, lir. 

Marriage license, of James IIulv 
bard and Elizabeth Bayly, 147"; 
of John Cockrell and Mary Page, 

148^; of William Lawrence and 

« 

Elizabeth Smith, 157*; of John 
Thorne and Mary Pearsall, 157'; 
of Peter Tilton and Rebeccali 
Brazier, 167'-68*; of Thomas Cox 
and Elizabeth Blashford. 170\ 

Marshall. John, discharged, r20\ 

Marshpath Kills, see Maspeth. 

Martens, RoloflFe, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Martin Gerretson's bay, mentioned, 
10G\ 

Maryland, mentioned, 88^ 126'. 

Mash Peake Kills, see Maspeth. 

Maspeth, (Mash Peake Kills, 
Marshpath Kills), mentioned, 102*, 
170*, 181». 

Massachusetts Bay colon3% orders 
issued to royal commissioners, 
72'-73'; help requested in expedi- 
tion against New York, 75*-77'; 
answer from council, 77^-78'; 
communication of council on 
sending soldiers to Manhattan, 
03*; royal commissioners ac- 
knowledge readiness of, to aid in 
reducing Dutch, 100'- 1*; declara- 
tion of war against Dut(?h com- 
municated to, 177'-78'. 

Massachusetts Bay colony, gov- 
ernors of, see Bellingham, Rich- 
ard; Endlcott, John. 

Mathews, Thomas, warrant for 
arrest of negro escaping from, 
116*. 



Matinicock island (Matninlcongh), 
to be restored to Govert I^oocker- 
mans, 106"; sold to James For- 
i-est, isr. 

Maverick, Samuel, orders from gen- 
eral court to, 72*-73*; letter from 
royal commissioners instructing 
him to come to Nantasket, 72^-73'; 
concerning command of ship 
WilUam and Xicholaa, 98*; letter 
to Gov. Endlcott on affairs at 
Manhattan, 100*- 1'; commissions 
Sir Robert Carr to go to Delaware 
bay. 104*; letter to Gov. Arnold 
on reduction of New York, 107*-8*; 
recall of Sir Robert Carr, 121'; 
commissions Gov. Nlcolls to go to 
Delaware, 12r-22*; Capt Hyde 
carried a jack flag, by allowance, 
124'; sailing orders to Capt. Hyde, 
124--25^ i:{3=; boundaries of Con- 
necticut and New York defined, 
135»-36'. 

Mayor, office created, 172^; com- 
mission, 172"'-74''; oath of ofllce, 
174". 

Meacock, Mary, case ot, 153*, 166". 

M(»gapolensis, Rev. John, appointed 
to ask reasons for appearance of 
English fleet, 80". 

Megapolensls, Samuel, appointed to 
ask reasons for appearance of 
P^nglish fleet, 80"; sent to confer 
with deputies from Com'r Nlcolls, 
02*; commissioner to treat upon 
terms of surrender for New 
Netherlands, 08', 102\ 102^ 

Meigs, (Marke. Mikx), Mark, failure 
to pay rent for land, 107*. 

Mespat Kills, see Maspeth. 

Mess<Miger, Andrew, pass for, 58'; 
complaint against magistrate of 
.Jamaica, 144», 152»-53*. 

Middlobrough. permission given to 
raise recruits for army, 85*. See 
also Newtown. 




196 



NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



Mikx, Marko, see Meigs, Mark. 

Milford, mentioned, 61'. 

Military ordinances, 79'-80*. 

:Miller, Edward, discharged, 182'. 

Mills, Richard, death by cruel 
treatment, 84*. 

Minister, Lutheran, permission to 
procure, 136". 

Moesman, Arent Jansen, mentioned, 
140*. 

Mohawk Indians, treaty with, 110*- 
12^ 

Momoronock river, see Mamaroneck 
river. 

Moncke, John, discharged, 129'. 

Moroau, Bastion, pass for, 70'. 

Morley, Capt. Thomas, warrant 
to press ship William and Nicholas 
into service of king, W; agree- 
ment with royal commissioners, 
08*-l)l)*; receipt for ammunition, 
124». 

Mousman, sec Moesman. 

Mutiny of garrison at Fort James, 
133". 

NaJaCy see Nyack. 

Nannadeyo, an Indian chief, 111'. 

Nantasket Roads, orders issmtl lo 
royal commissioners on arrival 
at, 72=^-73'; letter from. 73». 

Navasink (X. J.) purchase of lands 
near, 117"; settlement of, 168'. 

Nayack, sec Nyack. 

Naylor, Thomas, warrant for arrest 
of servant of, 170*-71". 

Needham, Capt. Robert, deputy 
from Col. NIcolls to Gov. Stuy- 
vesant, 82», 83% 88"; rules for set- 
tlement of Navasink, 168=; war- 
rant concerning child stolen by 
Indians. 161>'': warrant for deliv- 
ery of negro, 170*; warrant for ar- 
rest of runaway servants, 170"- 
71", 182»-83\ 



Negroes, runaway, warrants for, 
11(;"-17*, 170'; of West India com- 
pany, payment for, 122*. 

Neshaquake, mentioned, 157'. 

Netherlands, people from may 
freely come and go, 84«. 

Neuten Hook, grant of land near to 
Thomas Powell, 161'. 

Nevisans, purchase of land from, 
117'. Sec also Navasink. 

New Amsterdam, mentioned, 98*; 
new name, 184". See also Man- 
hattjin Island; New York. 

N(*w Castle, Jacob Vis allowed to 
dispose of his house in, 182*. 

New England, commissioners for 
affairs of, petition from inhabit- 
ants of Westchester to. 83'-84'; 
England's rights in, 88=; commis- 
sioners request general courts to 
send notice of visits from, royal 
commissioners, 128'-29*. 

Now Harlem, mentioned, 173*. 

New Holland, mentioned, 86^, 88", 
112\ Sec also New York. 

New Jersey, license to purchase 
land from Nevisans in, 117*. 

New Utrecht, boundaries. 108^-9*; to 
elect deputies to meeting at 
H<Mnpstead. 155'; deputies from 
to Hempstead, 156'; license con- 
cerning Jacques Cortelyou of, 
162'. 

New York, date of settlement, 89*; 
first mentioned. 100"; granted to 
Duke of Y'ork, 107*; appointment 
of notary public, 125'; mutiny of 
soldiers In garrison, 133'; declar- 
ation to. concerning seizure of 
West India company's estate, 
]-l2'-43*; officials of, 146M7*, 172»- 
71-: marriage licenses, 167*; 
changes in government 171*-72'; 
mayor and aldermen's commis- 
sion, 172'-74»; first mayor, 173«; 



INDKX 



197 



New York, continued. 
name changed from New Amster- 
dani. 184*. See also Manhattan 
island. 

New York state, boundaries, 132*, 
135»-36». 

Newman, William, complaint 
against 159*, 160». 

Newten, see Neuten Hook. 

Newtown (Middlebrough), permis- 
sion given to raise recruits, 86*; 
old form of name, 85*; warrant to 
magistrates, 138^-39; marriage 
lice- uses, 148' ; case of Thomas and 
Mary Case, 153*; deputies to 
Hempstead, 156*. See also Mas- 
peth. 

NicoUs, Mathias, witness to sale of 
land by Isaac Forrest, 69"; to 
convey letter from Com'r Nicolls 
to Peter Stuyvesant, 83*, 87*; wit- 
ness to agreement l>etween royal 
commissioners and Capt. Thomas 
Morley, 99*; warrant to search 
the Oideon, 105*; letter concerning 
Uannah Bradish, 160^-61*. 

Nicolls, Richard, orders from gen- 
eral court to, 72*-73*; advises Gov. 
Winthrop of arrival, 73'; letters 
to Sir Robert Carr and Samuel 
Maverick instructing them to 
come to Nantasket, 73'-74*; letter 
to Sir Henry Bennett on proposed 
expedition against New York, 
74»-77»; asks Massachusetts Bay 
colony for aid against Dutch, 77*; 
letter to Gov. Winthrop request- 
ing him to meet exi)edition 
against New York, 78*; letter 
from Gov. Stuyvesant asking rea- 
sons for appearance of English 
fleet, 80*-81*; letter to Gov. Stuy- 
vesant demanding surrender, 81*- 
82*, 8e*-87*; omission of signa- 
ture to letter, 82"; promises that 
people from Netherlands may 



Nichols, Richard, continued. 
freely come and go, 84*; gives 
authority to raise troops in west- 
ern Long Island, 85>; letter from 
Gov. Stuyvesant on sendlngdepu- 
ties, 85*-8e^; letter from Gov. 
Stuyvesant denying rights of 
England and claiming title for 
Holland, 87*-92*; letter from gen- 
eral court to, on sending soldiers 
to Manhattan, 93^; warrant to 
Capt Hyde to prosecute the 
Dutch, 93'-94*; warrant to press 
ship William and Nicholas Into 
service of king, 94"; agreement to 
articles of surrender, 98*; con- 
cerning command of ship William 
and Nicholas, 98*; letter concern- 
ing soldiers on Long Island, 100'; 
letter to Gov. Endicott on aflTairs 
at Manhattan, lOO'-l*; appoints 
commissioners to treat on sur- 
render, 103*-4*; commissions Sir 
Robert Carr to reduce Dutch at 
Delaware bay, 104*; gives war- 
rant to search the Oideon, 105*; 
commissions Col. Cartwright to 
take possession of Fort Orange, 
105*; order concerning Henry 
Hudson and David Anderson, 
10G*;warrants concerning Oyster 
Bay, 10G*-7*, 110*, 120*; letter to 
Gov. Arnold on reduction of New 
York, 107*-8*; warrant concern- 
ing Gravesend and New Utrecht, 
108'-9*; banishment of John de 
Decker, 109*; case of John Conk- 
ling vs Govert Loockermanns, 
110\ 120*, 130*-31*; agreement re- 
garding trade, taxation and gov- 
ernment at Albany, 112*-14*; let- 
ter concerning discharged sol- 
diers, 114*; gives pass to John 
Scott, 115*; shipping order, 11.5*- 
16"; warrants for runaway 
negroes, 11G'-17*; warrants for 



98 



NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



Nichols, Richard, continued, 
purchase of land from Novlsaus, 
HT"; warrants concerning 
Timothy Gabry and Jan Jansen 
Verryn. 117»-18«, liy-20*; declara- 
tion concerning oath of allegi- 
ance, 118*-19*; confirmation of 
authority in Rensselacrwyck. 
119»; recall of Sir Robert Carr. 
12P; commission to Delaware, 
121^-22'; order concerning pay- 
ment for negroes, 122'; order con- 
cerning shipping customs, 122'- 
23*; receipt for flags and com- 
pass, 123^ Capt Hyde carried a 
jack flag by permission, 124^; re- 
ceipt for ammunition, 124"; sail- 
ing orders to Capt. Hyde, 124'-25^ 
133'; appointment of notary pub- 
lic, 125"; discharge of Serg. Barn- 
ardiston, 130*; warrant for col- 
lection of taxes, 131^-32'; letters 
to people of Long Island, 132"-33'; 
178*-79'; order relating to pay- 
ment of duties, 133"*-34'; boun- 
daries of Connecticut and New 
York defined, 135'-36'*; permission 
to secure Lutheran minister, 136^ 
warrant for return of Ann Wood, 
137*; permit to Cornelius Steen- 
wick to trade with Holland, 137'- 
38"; order concerning Thomas 
Applegate, 138'; warrant to mag- 
istrates of Newtown, 138^-31)=; 
order to restore animal to 
Thomas Lawrence, ISD^; passes 
for ship Uvity, 139M0'; order for 
a|*rest of West India company's 
estate, 140M1'; appointment of 

. oncers of Flushing, 141"; declara- 
tion concerning seizure of West 
India company's estate, 142'-43'; 
on boundaries of Jamaica and 
Flushing, 143'-44^; 151^-52=; sum- 
mons to Jamaica officials, 144M5"; 



Nichols, Richard, continued, 

marriage licenses given by, 147*, 
157*, 167^-68*, 170*; pass for ship 
Uopciccll, 148*-49*; case of Henry 
Thompson, 149*-50*; case of Wil- 
liam Lawrence, 151*; case of An- 
drew Messenger, 152=-53*; case of 
Thomas and Mary Case, 153*, 
106'; announcement of meeting 
at Hempstead, 154' -55"*; deputy 
governor under Duke of York, 
157"; proclaims Shelter Island a 
separate township, ir>7*-58*; per- 
mission to the Crof<t Heart to en- 
ter port, 158*; warrant concern- 
ing sale of liquor to Indians, 159*; 
order to summon a court to hear 
case of Charles Bridges, 159*; 
warrant for seizure of John Saf- 
fln's runaway servant, 159*-60*; 
warrant for delivery of goods to 
Charles Bridges, ICO*; grant of land 
to Thomas Powell, 101*, 162'-63=; 
permission to P. P. Schuyler to 
buy lands, 161*-62'; warrant con- 
cerning employing of Jaques 
Cortelyou, 1(»2"; proclamation 
concerning bnkc^rs of Albany, 
163'; permission to Johannes 
Clute and Jan Hendrlck Bruyns 
to buy land, 163"; order to Corne- 
lius Van Ruyven to straighten 
accounts. 104*, 171*; warrant to 
Arnold Cornells to dispose of cat- 
tle, 1(J5*; certificate of discharge 
for John Paine, and Thomas 
Lovell. 1(55'; concerning scout of 
Harlem, 105'-00^ on duties, 166^- 
07'; Jolm Underhlll appointed 
surveyor of Long Island, 168"-69*; 
titles of New York oflaclals 
dianged, 17P-72^; commission to 
ma^'or, ald(M*nion and sheriff, 
172''-74^ confiscation of West In- 
dia company's estate. 174^-75*; 
warrant for seizure of Ann 



INDBX 



199 



Nichols, liichard, continued. 

Furse, 175*-76'; proclamation con- 
cerning Peter Harris, 176*; letter 
to Gov. John Wlnthrop, 177*; let- 
ter to Gov. BelUngham, 177'-78=; 
letter to Gov. Thomas Prince. 
178*; letter to Gov. Benedict Ar- 
nold, 178»; passport to Jacques 
Cousseau, 180*; warrant for John 
Richbeirs possession of Horse 
Necli, 180'-8P; warrant concern- 
ing estate of Joseph Langton, 
181'; order for John De Capres 
to appear before him, 181'-82'; 
Jacob Vis allowed to dispose of 
his house, 182"; license to trade 
granted to William Darvall, 183^ 
citizenship granted to Aliard An- 
thony, 183'-84*; citizenship grant- 
ed to Balthazer De Haart, 184*; 
passport given to Simon Cornelis- 
sen Glide, 184'-85*; passport given 
to Kobbe Roberts, 185\ 

Nishaqualce, see Neshaqualie. 

Noble, AVilliam, magistrate of 
Flushing, UV 

Nondarowna, an Indian chief, lll^ 

Nooten Hoolc, see Neuten Hootc. 

Norwood, Henry, discharged, 129*. 

Notary public, appointment, 12^)^ 

Nutten Hooli, see Neuten Hooli. 

Nyacli, English fleet at, 80». 

Oath of allegiance to Great Britain, 

118^-19», 145M6''. 
Oath of office, of burgomasters and 

schepens, 14(j^AT; of mayor and 

aldermen, 174". 
Obe, Hendriclc, mentioned, 176=. 
Officers, orders for conduct of, 70^- 

80*. 

Officials of New Yorlj, 146'-47', 172»- 
74». 

Ohgehando, a Mohawlc chief, 110*. 

Oliver, Capt. James, to present 

orders to royal commissioners. 
72'. 



Ondiahes, 111*. 

Onehyendehunah, an Indian chief, 

iir. 

Onliway, see Fairfield. 

Ordinances, military, 79^-80*. 

Oronoque river, mentioned, 61^ 

Outhout (Out Gout), Fobb, agree- 
ment with Sir Robert Carr, 128«. 

Oyster Bay, mentioned, 59*; dis- 
putes over land on, 106*-7*, 110*, 
120*, 130*-3r, 180*; deputies to 
Hempstead, 156*, 157"; landing of 
tobacco in, 168"-69». 

PacamtehookeSy 111'. 

Page, Mary, marriage license, 148*. 

Paine, John, certificate of discharge, 
1(J5\ 

Pa sea ta way, see Piscataqua. 

Pa sloe, John, discharged, 114*. 

I'assall, Nicholas, see Pearsall, 
Nicholas. 

Passil, Mary, see Pearsall, MAry. 

Paul, Thomas, sec Powell, Thomas. 

Pearsall (Passil), Mary, marriage 
license. 157'. 

Pearsall (Passall), Nicholas, con- 
stable of Flushing, 14P. 

P(»ll, Thomas, mentioned, 03"; date 
of his purchase in Westchester, 
S3*. 

IVltrles, exi»orted, duty on, 167'. 

Pembertou's isle, mentioned, 74\ 

Pertli Amboy, warrant for pur- 
chase of land near, 109'. 

Peters, Noe, pass for, 60'. 

Peterson, Lucas, agreement with 
Sir Rol^ert Carr, 128^ 

Pt'torson, Riender, pass for, 58'. 

Phillips, Frederick, pass for, 67*. 

Pinchon, Capt. Jolm, see Pyhchon, 
Capt. John. 

Pinnehoocks, IIP. 

Piscataqua, commissioners on board 

Elias at, 73'. 
Plott, John, land at Oyster Bay 

leased to. 120'. 



200 



NBW YOBK STATB LIBRART 



Plymouth colony, governor of, 178*. 

Poppen, John, pass for, 6r. 

Portsmouth (Eng.), Capt. Hyde 
ordered to sail to, 124"-25*, 133«. 

Poutopecke, mentioned, 117^. 

Powell, Corporal, mentioned, 148*. 

Powell (Paul), Thomas, mentioned, 
IW; grant of land to, 161*, 162*- 
63». 

Prince, Gov. Thomas, letter to from 
Gov. Nicolls urging necessity of 
cooperation against Dutch, 178*. 

Providence plantation, mentioned, 
107*. See also Rhode Island. 

Public officials, titles changed, 171'- 
72". 

Pynchon (Pinchon), Capt John, 
messenger to royal commission- 
ers, 93*; commissioner to treat 
upon terms of surrender of New 
Netherlands, 98*, 102*, 103*; mes- 
senger from royal commissioners 
to Gov. Endicott, 100'. 

Quinby, John, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Banao, Jonas, mentioned, 139*. 

Raritans river, mentioned, lir. 

Rawson, Edward, secretary of 
Mass. general court, 78*, 93*. 

Recognicon of ships, 97^, 122*, 133*. 

Rensselaerwyek, authority of Jere- 
mias Van Rensselaer in, 119*. 

Requevllle, Charles, pass for, 70*. 

Rhode Island, mentioned, 107*, 137S 
ns\ 178^. 

Richards, James, deputy to meet 
royal commissioners, 134*; agree- 
ment as to boundaries of New 
York and Connecticut, 135*-36*. 

Richbell, John, warrant for posses- 
sion of Horse Neck, 180'-81*. 

Xiisdon, , warrant for seizure of 

servant of, 175*-7G*. 

River, Jaques, mentioned, 140*. 

Road Island, see Rhode Island. 



Roberts, Fobbe, passport issued to, 
185*. 

Rogers, Johannes, mentioned, 140*. 

Rombouts, Francis, pass for, GO*. 

Round Island, permission given lo 
purchase, 162*. 

Royal commissioners, see Commis- 
sioners, royal. 

Ruyven, Cornells, see Van Ruyven, 
Cornells. 

Saffln, John, warrant for arrest of 
runaway servant, 159*-60*. 

8t Jacob (ship), mentioned, 60*. 

Salem, mentioned, Ql\ 

Samuel (ship), mentioned, 6r. 

Sandy Hook, mentioned, 158*. 

Schenectady, inhabitanis forbidden 
to trade with Indians for beaver, 
113*. 

Schepens, of New York, oath taken 
by, 14(5*-47*; title abolished, 172*. 

Sehivelberg, Jan, mentioned, 140*. 

Schoneestade, see Schenectady. 

Schryver, Jean, mentioned, 140^. 

Schuyler, Philip Petersen, permis- 
sion to buy land from Indians, 
l(Jl*-62*. 

Scott, Capt. John, agreement with 
concerning limits of Long Island, 
92*; pass given to, 115*; men- 
tioned, 152*, 167*. 

Scout of Harlem, non-performance 
of duty, 165*-(>6»; title abolished, 
172*. 

Seatalcott, see Setauket. 

Solwick. Jonathan, order for search 
for servant of, 183\ 

Seneca Indians, treaty with, 110^-12^. 

Sonequani, Thomas, complaint 
against, 159*, IGO*. 

Setauket (Ashford, Seatalcott), 
mentioned, 115*; deputies to 
Ilorapstead, 15G^ 15G*. 

Sotduuthohaugo, an Indian chief, 

iir. 



INDBX 



201 



Shanarage, a Mohawk chief, 110*. 

Shelter Island, a separate township, 
IST'-SS*. 

Sheriff, office created, 172^ com- 
mission, 173*; oath of office, 174". 

Shipping, order concerning, 115*-1G'. 
See also Customs and duties. 

Ships* flags, 123^-24«. 

Slaves, fugitive, orders for recap- 
ture, 116»-17*, 170*. 

Sliehtenhorst (Sticktenhorst), Ger- 
rit, delegate from Albany to con- 
fer with council at New York, 
112». 

Smart John, discharged, 129". 

Smitli, Carel, mentioned, 140*. 

Smith, Derrick, permit to trade, 68». 

Smith, Derick Yansen, pass, for, 
60». 

Smith, Elizabeth, marriage license, 
157'. 

Smith, Hendrick Bamesen, license 
to employ Jacques CJortelyou, 
162*. 

Smith, John, witness to treaty with 
Indians, lir. 

Smith, Richard, mentioned, 157". 

Smithson, James, discharged, 129"; 
warrant for arrest of, 170"-71'. 

Soachoenighta, a Mohawk chief, 
110". 

Soldiers, orders for conduct of, 79^- 
80*; on Long Island, to retain 
their arms, 100^; discharged, 114=, 
129"-30*. 

South Hampton, deputies to Hemp- 
stead, 150", 156". 

South river, see Delaware river. 

Southold (South Hold), montioned, 
131*; deputies to Hempstead, 156*. 

Splcer, Richard, discharged, 129*. 

Stamford, order for search for ser- 
vants of residents, 183\ 

Stealman, John, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156". 



Steenwyck (Steenwlcke, Stenwick, 
Steenwick), Cornells, citizenship 
granted to. 01"; sent to confer 
with deputies from Com*r Nicolls, 
86*, 86^ 92=*; commissioner to treat 
upon terms of surrender for New 
Netherlands, 98". 102*, 102^; award 
in case of Timothy Gabry and 
Jan Jansen Verryn, 120*; permis- 
sion to trade with Holland, 137"- 
38", 148"-49"; oath of office, 146"; 
Information given by as to ship 
Crost Heart, 158". 

Stephen (an Indian), witness to 
treaty with Indians, lir. 

Stevenson, Oloff, see Van Cortlandt, 
Oloff Stevensen. 

Sticktenhorst, Jerrit, see Sliehten- 
horst, ( Jerri t. 

Stiles (Styles), Thomas, mentioned, 
137\ 

Stirling, earl of, date of power of 
attorney given to James Forrest 
by, 130". 

Stratford, mentioned, 58". 

Stratton, John, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, ItW. 

Striker, John, deputy to Hempstead, 
156\ 

Stuyvesant, Balthazar, pass for, 01". 

Stuyvosant, Nicholas William, pass 
for, 60". 

Stuyvesant, Oloffe, see Van Cort- 
landt, Oloff Stevenson. 

Stuyvesant, Gov. Peter, pass for, 
00"; letter to royal commission- 
ers asking reasons for appearance 
of p:n>rlish fleet, 80^-81"; letter 
from Richard Nicolls to, demand- 
ing surrender. 81«-82*', 8C"-87*; let- 
tor to Coni'r Nicolls on sending 
deputies, 85'-.SG»; letter to Coin*r 
Nicolls denying; rights of England 
and clainiing title for Holland, 
87''-92"; commission to treat upon 



202 



NEW YORK STATB LIBRARY 



Stuyvesant Gov. Peter, continued. 
terms of surrender. 101'-2*; agree- 
ment to articles of surrender, 
102*-3'; warrant for arrest of 
negroes escaping from, 117*; to 
render account of property of 
West India company, 140M1*; re- 
ceiver of estate, 142". 

Styles, Thomas, see Stiles, Thomas. 

SuflPells, Govert, mentioned, 140*. 

Sunderland, Mathew, land on Oys- 
ter Baj sold to, 130^ 

Surrender of Manhattan, articles of, 
*J5-08, 102-4. 

Surveyor of customs, 168*-C9*. 

Swau, John, mentioned, 140^. 

Swedes, agreement with Sir Robert 
Carr, 12T*-28^ 

Taxes on Long Island, collection, 
131'-32». 

Teesen, Claes, pass for, 58*. 

Teller, Andrew, permit to trade, Q2\ 

Terry, Thomas, proof of sale of 
lands on Oyster Bay, 131'. 

Tennis (Tunis), Gysbert, delegate to 
Hempstead, 15G^ 

Tewasserany, a Seneca chief, 110". 

Thomas, David, discharged, 114'. 

Thomi)son, Henry, charged with 
disloyal speech, 149*-50'. 

Thompson, John, pass for, QV. 

Thorne, John, marriage license, 
157". 

Tilton, Peter, marriage license, 167'- 
68'. 

Tobacco, duty on, 123^ 107*; smug- 
gling of, IGO'. 

Tonn(4nan, Pieter, mentioned, 140*. 

Topping, Thomas, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156- ; member of committee 
to examine bounds of towns on 
\Amix Island. 15G\ 

Treaty witli Indians at Albany, 
110^-12*. 

Tunis, Glsbert, see Teunis, Gysbert. 



Ulissen, permission given to raise 
recruits for army, 85*. See al90 
Flushhig. 

Underbill, John, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*; member of committee 
to examine bounds of towns on 
Long Island, 157*; surveyor of 
customs, 168*-69». 

Unity (ship), passport, 64*; collection 
of duty on tobacco, 123=; passen- 
gers, 131)M0^ 

rntpiet, see Fairfield. 

Usher, Robert, order for search for 
servant of, 183*. 

Van Aken (Van Akes), Jan Coster, 
ilelegate from Albany to confer 
with council at New York, 112*. 

Van Bergh, John, pass for, 64*. 

Van Bohemen, Pieter Bruynseu. 
mentioned, 140^. 

^'an Brugh (Van Brough, Van Brug- 
ges, Brugges), Johannes, oath of 
office, 146*; information given by 
as to ship Crost Heart, 158*; ap- 
pointed alderman, 173*. 

Van Cortlandt (van kortlant, van 
Cortlant, OlofTe Stuyvesant), Oloflf 
Stevensen, commissioner to treat 
upon tt!rms of surrender for New 
Netherlands, 98*, 102*, 102^ oath 
of office, 146*; information given 
by as to ship Crost Heart, 158*; 
appointed alderman, 173*. 

Van Couwenhoven, Jacob, pass for, 
60=. 

Van Couwenhoven, Jan Gerretse, 
pass for, 70*. 

Van der Grist, Paulus Leendertseu, 
appointed to ask reasons for ap- 
pearance of English fleet, 80*. 

Vanderheyden, Jean Cornelius,men- 
tinned, 140*. 

Vander Veen, Walewyn, mentioned, 
140*. 

Van Ditmaersen, Pieter Claes, men- 
tioned, 140*. 



INDEX 



203 



Van Erlanger, Ilendrick Hen- 
drickse, mentioned, 139*. 

Van Graft, Siewort Dircks, men- 
tioned, 158*. 

Van Jevern, Jean Meynderts, men- 
tioned, 140*. 

Van Nieukirk, Cornelius Brantse, 
mentioned, 140*. 

Van Ooscen, Pleter Synions, citizen- 
ship jj:ranted to, 04*. 

Van lUisenbergli, William, pass for, 
01». 

Van Ret*s, Gerrett, mentione<i, 140". 

Van Rensselaer (Renzluer), Jere- 
niias, authority and privileges, 
119*. 

Van Ruyven (van Riven), Cornelius, 
secretary to Gov. Stuyvesant, 81', 
102*. 103^ sent to confer with 
deputies from Com*r Nicolls, 86', 
S(i'. 02*; order to concerning pay- 
ment for negroes, 122"; to receive 
recognicon of ships bound to Hol- 
land, 123', 133'; to render account 
of property of West India com- 
pany. 140M1", 164\ 171*; receiver 
of West India company's estate, 
142"; appointed aldennan, 173*. 

Van Steenwyck, 8ec Steenwyck. 

Vantiell, Gerrit Saunders, agree- 
ment with Sir Robert Carr, 128*. 

Varlett (Verleett, Verlett). Nicholas, 
commissioner to treat upon terms 
of surrender for New Nether- 
lands, 98^ 102», 102^. 

Verbeck, Jan, delegate from Albany 
to confer with council at New 
York, 112». 

Verplanke, William, pass for, 60*. 

Verryn, Jan Jansen, warrant con- 
cerning, 117'-18*; order concern- 
ing, 119*-20*. 

Virginia, mentioned, 58^, 6V, 69*, 88», 
185^ 

Vis, Jacob, allowed to dispose of his 
house. 182*. 



Vos (Fosse), Baltasar de, deputy to 

Hempstead, 156*, 
Vos. Mathew de, award in case of 

Timothy (Jabry and Jan Jansen 

Vorryu, 120'. 

Walters, Edward, warrant to con- 
cerning child stolen by Indians, 
160*. 

Wampiug, mentioned. 111*. 

Wampum, 113', 166', 167". 

Ward, Natlianiell, discharged, 129*. 

Wassels, Warner, see Wessels, War- 
ner. 

Waters, Anthony, mentioned, 151^ 
ir)6«. 

Watson, liUke, mentioned, 150^ 

Watts, Ellas, license to raise re- 
cruits for army, 85'. 

Wells, William, deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 156*. 

Wessels, ('hristien. pass for, 69*. 

Wessels, Warner, adjustment of ac- 
counts, 171*. 

West India company, date of char- 
ter, 88\* payment for negroes of, 
122=; arrest of estate, 140M1"; 
debts due to estate, declaration 
concerning, 142'-43'; Cornells 
Van Ruyven appointed to 
straighten accounts, 164*; ac- 
counts with Warner Wessels and 
Jonas Bartleson, 171*; confisca- 
tion of estate, 174^-75*. 

West Indies, mentioned, 60''. See 
also Curacoa, 

Westchester, sales of land in, 83*; 
inhabitants complain of cruel 
treatment by Dutch government, 
83^-84*; wan-ants to constable of, 
116», 160", 109*. 170*; deputies 
to Hempstead, 156*, 157*. 

Wetherell, Nathanlell, discharged, 
129*. 

Whipping, certain offences punish- 
ed by, 114». 



204 



NEW YOKK STATE LIBRARY 



Whitehead, Daniel, mentioned, 139*. 

Wild land on I^ng Island consid- 
ered a chattel by custom, 13(f. 

Willett, Capt. Thomas, pass for, 
70'; witness to treaty wltli In- 
dians. Ill*; appointed mayor, 
173». 

William and Nicholas (ship), warrant 
to press Into service of king. 94^ 
agreement with royal commis- 
sioners and captain concerning. 
1)8*-1>9"; ordered under command 
of Sir Robert Carr to go to Dela- 
ware bay, 104'; supply of am- 
munition, 124*. 

Willis (Willys), Samu(»l. commis- 
sioner to treat upon terms of sur- 
render for New Nctherland, 08', 
102'. 103". 

Winder, John, pass for, G$)\ 

Winthrop, John, governor of Con- 
necticut, letters from royal com- 
missioners on th(?ir arrival at 
Nantasket Uoads. 73': meeting 
of royal commissioners with son 
of, 78^ summoned to meet royal 
commissioners du west end of 
lAmg Island, 78^ hotter to from 
Col. NIrolls promising tliat peo- 
ple from N(»tlierlands may fi'tnMy 
come and go. 84": commissioner 
to treat upon terms of surrender 
for New N(»therlands. 08». l(rj\ 
1(KT; to meet royal commis- 
sioners, 1:54"; agn't'mcut as to 
]>oundaries of New York and 
Connecticut, 1,'{;V-.'5(P: letter to 

from (lov. Nlcolls urging neces- 
sity of cooperation against Dutch, 



Winthrop, Capt John jr, deputy 
to meet royal commissioners, 
134*; agreement as to boundaries 
of New I'ork and Connecticut, 
13r)'-3(5». 

Wintu<*k, Edward, order for search 
for, 182». 

Wise. Edward, discharged, 114*. 

Withart. Jean, mentioned. 140". 

Wood. Ann. warrant for return of, 
137'. 

Wood, Jeremy, mentioned, 141)'. 

Wood. John, mentioned, 13T*. 

Wood, Jonas, failure to pay rent 
for land, 107'; deputy to Hemp- 
stead, 150'; member of committee 
to examine bounds of towns on 
I>ong Island, IST'. 

Woodard, Richard, sec Woodward, 
Richard. 

WoodlHM-ry, Isaac, pass for, 61^ 

Woodward (Woodard), Richard, 
pow(»r of attorney, 69*. 

Tarmouthy mentioned, 110\ 

Yorassen, Hendrick, sai Brinker- 
hoflP. Hendrick Joerlsen. 

York, Duke of, mentioned, 85', 107*. 
110', 118\ 135", 147*, 154«, 157», 
hV2\ 172', 173*, 175«. 

Yorkshire, order of Gov. Nlcolls 
s(Mit to people of, 179*. See also 
I^ong Island. 

Young. Capt. John, letter from 
Com'r Nlcolls to concerning sol- 
diers on Long Ishind, 100*; war- 
rant for conception of taxes, 182'; 
instruction to. 132*; deputy to 
ll(»mpst«'ad, 15G*. 

Youugbloet Abraham, mentioned, 
140*. 



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■')1\ >^nl*. 

OD, i. tffftltwd lihiwy IHi.V I8St-. 6p^ l"'!. 

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Unhrerafty of the State of New York 



State Library Bulletin 

HISTORY No. ,, 

June 1899 

AHNOTATSD U8T 
in ruu 

PRINCIPAL MANUSCRIPTS 

If tMl' 

NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



AmottM UtI if nikntwcrir' ' 



Ai-BANV 

IIHTBOSITV OF 70I! 5TAIE ttf "trw V<*IUC 

iA99 



Price s cents 



UoiVersIt7 of the State of New Yortt; 



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yiK-CManuliur, Albany 



1873 Maki-ik I. TowHscHDt U. A. LL. i>. 

i«77 

1877 

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1878 



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1895 



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HhtlUV "E. Tl!RBEK 

SrCijiiR M<:KjsiiW*T, LL.D, 1.11.0. D.CL. 
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fiapnintctidttni of Public Iruunoiioii, tn officia 
CjieStkb ? Lull . M .\ LL.D. - - - Bmoklya 

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188H MelviL DewcT, MvA. Staf^ llhntiy /md ffsmr Bifiintliiifi 
iSqw P'iii.tip.iilCK J. H. Mrrrill. Pb. D. SatA MUiflfW 



University of the State of New York 



State Library Bulletin 



HISTORY No. ,5 

June 1899 



ANNOTATED LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 



PRKFATORY NOTE 

The following list of the principal manuscripts in the New York state 
library, originally prepared by the late archivist, George R. Howell, has 
been enlarged and a partial bibliography added by Charles A. Flagg, 
sub-librarian (history) The arrangement is chronologic in the order in 
which the manuscripts were added to the library. For convenience of 
reference the different collections have been numbered consecutively and 
the titles given are those lettered on the backs of the volumes. Where 
these seem inexact or misleading, additional information is given in a 
note. In the bibliography each entry is followed by the New York state 
library call number. Volume and page numbers are separated by a 
colon; e. g. 6: 170 means vol. 6, p. 170. Special thanks are due to 
Henry Harmon Noble of the state historian's office who kindly placed 
his valuable notes on the manuscripts at the disposal of the library as an 
aid in compiling this bulletin. 

1846 

1 Proceeding^ Albany committee of correspondence, 1775-78. 

2 v. 

Bought from the descendants of Matthew Visscher. 

1848 

2 Colonial laws 

Manuscript colonial laws, about 175 in number, dated 1691 to 
1725 and engrossed on large folio sheets of parchment, often several 
acts on a sheet. A list of these acts in the library in 1855 is given 
in the catalogue of the law library for that year. 



2IO NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

3 Charter of Charles 2 

The original charter of the territory of New York from Charles 2 
to his brother the duke of York in 1664. This is on parchment 
framed and is 32 by 27 inches in size. 

1850 

4 Minutes of commissioners for detecting conspiracies, 1 778-1 781. 

2 V. 

These papers belonged to Leonard Gansevoort jr, secretary of the 
commissioners, and were given to the state library by his grandson, 
Thomas Hun, M. D. of Albany. 

5 Sir William Johnson*s mss. 26 v 

These papers cover the period from 1738 to 1790 and shed much 
light on the colonial history of the state from Albany westward 
through the Mohawk valley. The manuscripts in the first 22 vol- 
umes were bought by Lieut.-Gov. Tayler at the sales of confiscated 
property during the revolution, and were given to the state by John 
Tayler Cooper of Albany. These were mounted and bound under 
the supervision of E. B. O'Callaghan about 1850. 

In 1863 additional manuscripts and correspondence of Johnson 
were bought for $500. These mounted in 4 volumes were in 1867 
added to the 22 volumes already in the library, and a calendar of 
the whole set prepared and bound in one volume. 

In 1865 an index ordered by a concurrent resolution of senate and 
assembly Ap. 5, 1856, was completed. This was bound in 1870. 

These manuscripts must be distinguished from another collection 
of Sir William Johnson papers which was deposited in 7 bundles in 
the office of the secretary of state Ap. 16, 1801. Most of the latter 
are included in the volumes of " New York colonial mss" (see 
no. 19). With a few exceptions they were printed in Docu- 
mentary history of the state of Neiv York (quarto ed.) 2 : 315-583, 
with a list of missing papers 2 : 584. 

1851 

6 Rev. Dr Westerlo*s manuscripts. 9 v. 

This collection of the writings of Rev. Eilardus Westerlo in the 
Dutch and Latin languages was given to the library by Mrs Rens- 
selaer Westerlo. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 211 

1853 

7 George Clinton papers. 52 V. 

These pw.pers contain material for a military history of the revolu- 
tionary war, mentioning the movements of the enemy, mostly within 
the state, and the, counter movements of the patriot forces to defeat the 
plans of the British. The papers in the first 23 volumes were 
bought in 1853, the legisla'ure, on July 21, appropriating $2500 for 
that purpose, and $500 for arranging, indexing and binding. 

In 1883 a large number of additional manuscripts was bought, 
from which v. 24-38 were calendared and bound under the super- 
vision of George W. Clinton, y. 39-48 are chiefly land papers 
which have been bound since as follows : 
V. 39 New York city v. 46 Delaware co. 

v. 40-42 Kayaderosseras v. 47 Various counties 

V, 43-44 Dutchess co. v. 48-49 Miscellaneous 

V. 45 Fonda and Oriskany patents v. 50-52 Deeds and maps 

For reports by George W. Clinton as editor in charge of the work 
of arranging and indexing the Clinton manuscripts, see Annual 
report 0/ the New York state library^ 1882, 64:145-48; 1883,65: 
10-14; 1884,66:15-21; 1885, 67:19-31. For report on the Clin- 
ton papers by H. A. Homes, see Annual report of the New York 
state library^ 1886, 68: 11- 12. 

V. 1-3 are in press as appendix N of Annual report of the state his- 
torian of the state of Ne^v Yorh, 1898, v. 3. 

8 Andre' papers. 12 manuscripts 

These papers were found in Major Andre's boots when captured 
by Paulding, Van Wart and Williams, Sep. 23, 1780, on his way 
from West Point to New York. They contain detailed information 
in regard to the forts, batteries, etc. at West Point, account of num- 
bers and location of its defenders, passes from Benedict Arnold, etc. 

These manuscripts were originally included in the Clinton papers 
(see no. 7) but are now mounted and framed as a separate collection. 
They are printed in B.J. Lossing, Pictorial Jiel/lbook of the revolution, 
N. Y. 1852, 2 : 153-56; also in H. B. Dawson, Papers concerning the 
capture and detention of Major John AndrS, Yonkers 1866, p. 51- 
62, and in Robert Bolton, History of the county of Westchester, 
N. Y. 1848, 1 : 215-23. 



212 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1856 

9 New York legislative papers. 13 v. and index i v. 

This is part of a collection of papers relating to academies, bridges, 
counties, courts, currency, insolvency, lands, provisions and taxes, 
1 780-1803. The papers were formerly in the hands of Abraham B. 
Bancker, clerk of the senate, and were found in a farm house near 
Kingston about 1855. In 1856 the regents were directed to pro- 
cure and arrange them. 

1859 

10 New York legislative papers. Unbound 

These are papers which have come before the New York legisla- 
ture since 1778, being reports of elections, petitions of individuals, 
towns and corporations for legislative action on schools, colleges, 
railroads, canals, etc. They are in packages arranged chronologic- 
ally. About half the collection is stored in 450 file boxes. 

These papers have been deposited in the state library from time 

to time according to New York laws of 1859, ch. 321 § i as follows : 

The manuscript or printed papers of the legislature, usually termed 
** on file" and which have been on file for a longer period than five 
years, in the custody of the clerks of the senate and assembly, and 
all other public records of the state, not in the custody of some 
public officer, shall hereafter be placed in charge of the regents of 
the University. 

For a selection, made in 1 831, of the most important papers, see 

no. 50. 

1863 

See also no. 5 uuder 1850 

11 New York assembly journals, 1699, 1700, 1740, 1766-7 

Title-page : " The missing journals of the New-York colonial 
assembly, 1693-1775, procured for the state of New York under an 
appropriation made by the legislature in 1863, by George Henry 
Moore, librarian of the New York historical society, N. Y. 1863." 
$500 was appropriated for the purchase of this volume Ap. 23, 1863. 
It supplies the journals of the following sessions: Ap. 20-May 
16, 1699; July 25-Oct. 29, 1700; June 30-July 12, 1740; June 11- 
July 3, 1766; Nov. 10 Dec. 19, 1766; May 27-June 6, 1767; Nov. 
23-24, 1767. These are wanting in Journal of the votes and pro- 
ceedings of the general assembly of the colony of New York began the 
gth day of April rdgi and ended the 2jd of Dec. 1765^ 2V., N. Y. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 213 

1764-66, and Journal of the votes and proceedings of the general 
assembly of the colony of New- York from lydd to 1776^ Alb. 1820. 
Assembly journals of the following dates are still wanting: 1683, 
1684, 1685, Ap. 20-29, 1692, Oct. 26-Nov. 9, 1692 and Ap. 4-10, 
1693. 

1865 

12 Emancipation proclamation 

This is the original draft of the first proclamation by Pres. 
Lincoln Sep. 22, 1862 of the emancipation of the slaves in the 
seceded states unless the said slates laid down their arms within 
100 days. The manuscript was presented to the Albany relief 
bazaar in February 1864 and brought the sum of $r 100 to its funds. 
It became the property of Gerrit Smith who gave it to the United 
States sanitar}' commission. In 1865 it was bought by vote of the 
legislature for $1000 and ordered to be deposited in the state 
library. The second proclamation actually freeing the slaves was 
burned in the great Chicago fire, October 187 1. 

1868 

13 Signers of the declaration of independence 

Autograph letters or signatures of the signers of the declaration 
of independence with their portraits, originally bought for $800, but 
now with later additions, valued at $20,000. 

The material in this volume was chiefly collected by J. K. Tefft 
of Savannah, Ga. After his death the volume was sold at auction 
in New York Mar. 4, 1867 to E. French of whom it was bought by 
the state. 

1873 

14 Washington relics 

These were obtained of Mrs Lewis W. Washington, the widow 
of a grandnephew of George Washington, through a special appro- 
priation of $20,000, made by the legislature Ap. 26, 187 1. Besides 
the dress sword given to Washington by Frederick the Great, a 
pistol from Lafayette, Washington's watch chain and seals and his 
surveying instruments, there are three papers: First draft of the 
Farewell address ; Opinion of the surviving generals of the revolution 
(printed in Magazine of American history, 1879, 3:81-88) ; Tabu- 
lated statement of household expenses in 1 789. 



214 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

This purchase included also a quarto volume of 205 leaves: 
Description of the clothing of his majesty's bands of gentlemen 
pensioners^ yeomen of the guards, and regiments of foot-guards , foot y 
marines and invalids on the establishments of Great-Britain and 
It eland j' anno 1742. 

The work, containing 10 1 hand- colored pictures showing the 
costume of the British regiments, was executed by order of William, 
duke of Cumberland and a few sets presented to the most illustrious 
military characters in Europe. This copy was given by the duke 
to John Pine who engraved it, and was presented by his son Robert 
Edge Pine to Gen. Washington at Philadelphia, Sep. 17, 1787. 
Only two other copies are known, one in the British museum, the 
other in the library of the Prince consort at Aldershot. 

See " List of memorial relics of George Washington, with 
descriptive notes " in Annual report of the New York state library , 
1874, 56: 139-46. 

1875 

15 Henry Stevens papers 

Among these are papers relating to the question of jurisdiction 
between this state and Vermont over Cumberland and Gloucester 
counties and the New Hampshire land grants; the Susquehanna 
lands in the western part of New York ; the French and Indian 
wars of 1745-56, including the battle of Lake George; the war of 
1812;, the papers of Ethan Allen, Ira Allen and Governors Jenison 
and Tichenor; with a great variety of miscellaneous papers of a 
private nature. The collection, which is not yet arranged, was 
bought for $2000. 

1876? 

16 New York patents ; original drafts. 6v. 

These patents convey land to towns and individuals from 1680 to 
1 75 1. They were bought in London about 1876 by Dr Henry A. 
Homes. 

1878 

17 Dearborn*s mission from Mass. to the Senecas and Tuscaroras, 

1838-39. 3v. 

Title-page reads: ** Journal of a mission to the Seneca and 
Tuscarora Indians and an account of the treaties held with those 
tribes in the years 1838 and 1839 for the sale of their lands and for 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 215 

their emigration west of the Mississippi river, by H. A, S. Dearborn, 
superintendent of Massachusetts." 

These manuscripts were bought in Boston, October 1878, at a 
sale of the collection of J. W. Thornton for about $60. 

See H. A. Homes, Account of the manuscripts of Gen, Dearborn^ 
read before the Albany institute Oct. 12th, 1880^ Alb, 1881. 

1879 

z8 New York, Philadelphia centennial exhibition. Register of 
visitors, 1876. 3V. 

This register was transferred to the state library by the commis- 
sioners. May 1879. 

1881 

The following manuscripts (no. 19-70) were among those trans- 
ferred to the state library from the offices of the secretary of state 
and comptroller according to New York laws of 1881, ch. 120. 

No. 20-39 were in the office of the secretary of state in 1820 ; 
also the old series of Dutch records which were rebound in first 21 
volumes of no. 19, and the loose papers which were mounted to 
form V. 22-103 of the same series. 

19 New York colonial mss. 103V. 

These volumes contain papers of the executive department of the 
colonial government on a great variety of topics, among which are 
records of civil suits at law involving settlement of confficting land 
claims, criminal trials, petitions, commissions, proclamations, 
memoranda of marriage licenses, appointments to civil and military 
offices, correspondence in the Dutch period with the West India 
company and the states general of the Netherlands and with other 
American colonies, muster rolls of colonial troops previous to the 
revolutionary war, census rolls of 1698, and papers in general 
relating to cases needing governmental interference to obtain a 
peaceful settlement, all illustrating the civil and political history of 
the colony from 1638 to 1783. These manuscripts were arranged 
and bound under the supervision of E. B. O'Callaghan about 1850. 
For a list of the papers in the first loi volumes see Calendar of his- 
torical manuscripts in the office of the secretary of state ^ Albany^ N, K, 
edited by E, B, O'Callaghan^ 2 v., Alb. 1865-66. This calendar 
contains: v. i, Dutch manuscripts, v. 1-21, 1630-64; v. 2, English 



2l6 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

manuscripts, v. 22-101, 1664-1776. Not included in this calendar, 
are: V. 102 and 103 of the ** New York colonial mss;'* i. e. v. 102, 
"Clinton, Jay, with New York and Massachusetts boundary papers ;*' 
V. 103, " New York and Massachusetts boundary, concluded." 

Dutch manuscripts, v. 1-21 

The 21 volumes of Dutch manuscripts are the official records of 
the colony and in them were rebound 46 old volumes of Dutch 
records. For a list of these volumes see Report of the secretary of 
state relative to the records^ rfv. in his office^ 1820. The contents of 
the 21 volumes are as follows: 
V. 1-3 Register of the provincial secretary, 1638-62 
V. 4-10 Council minutes, 1638-65 

V. 11-15 Correspondence of the director-general, 1638-55 
V. 16 Placards, writs and Fort Orange records 
V. 17 Curasao papers 
V. 18-21 Delaware papers 

The state library has a translation of most of the Dutch manu- 
scripts in these volumes by Francis A. Van der Kemp, in 24 manu- 
script volumes, v. 1-4 of the Dutch manuscripts were also trans- 
lated by E. B. O'Callaghan who also compiled an index of the first 
three volumes which was printed under title Index to volumes /, 2 
and J of translations of Dutch manuscripts in the office of the secre- 
tary of state of the state of Neiu York, Alb. 1870. v. 4 has a 
manuscript index. 

The ordinances and regulations of the Dutch government were 
selected and translated from the first 21 volumes by E. B. O'Cal- 
laghan and printed as Laws and ordinances of New Netherlands 
1638^1674, Alb. 1868. 

English manuscripts, v. 22-103 

The volumes of English manuscripts contain only the letters, 
petitions, reports, etc. which were submitted to the colonial executive. 
The official records of that branch of the government may be found 
in the volumes of " General entries," " Council minutes," etc. See 
no. 21, 23. 

The 4 volumes of Documentary history of the state of New York, 
Alb. 1849-51, together with v. 12-14 o^ Documents relative to the 
colonial history of the state of Netv York, Alb. 1877-83, contain 
many documents printed from this series. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 217 

V. 22 of the manuscripts was printed entire in Annual report of 
the state historian of the state of New York, 1897, 2 : 133-369. 

V. 23 and 24 were printed in Annua/ report of the state historian^ 
1898, 3: 159-435 except " Minutes of council of the administrations 
of Commanders Evertson and Benckes and of Anthony Colve, gov- 
ernor of New Netherland, 1673 and 1674" (which was printed in 
Documents relative to the colonial history of the state of New York, 
2 : 569-730); and some Dutch patents, not translated. 

The muster rolls and military commissions of the colony from 
1664 down to the revolution, included in v. 22-101 of the "New 
York colonial mss " are printed with a complete index in Annual 
report of the state historian of the state of New York, 1897, 2 : 371- 
956; and 1898, 3:437-898 (in press). The muster rolls of the "old 
French war,'* 1755-63, have been printed hi New York historical 
society, Collections, publication fund series, 1891, v. 24. 

20 Dutch patents. 2 v. and index i v. 

GG, 1 636-1649 

HH, 1654-1664 

Index ; Account of Dutch records ; alphabetical index of the two 
Dutch books of Provincial patents, GG and HH. 

Volumes GG and HH were no. 34 and 35 in a set of 48 volumes 
of Dutch records, listed in 1820 by J. V. N. Yates in Report of the 
secretary of state relative to the records, dfc, in his office, 1820. 
The other 46 volumes were arranged and bound about 1850 by 
E. B. O'Callaghan as the first 21 volumes of " New York colonial 
mss." 

MannBcript translations of these volumes by James Van Ingen are in the 
secretary of state's office. 

2Z General entries. 4 v. and indexes 4 v. 
v. I General entries, 1664-65 
v. 4 " 1671-74 

v. 32 " 1678-80 

v. 33 Entries, 1682-83 
V. I has been printed by the state library as History bulletin 2. 

The preface contains a description of the volume. 
See last paragraph under no. 23. 

22 Court of assize, 1665-1672. iv. and index iv. 

Numbered 2. 
See last paragraph under no. 23. 



2l8 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

23 Council minutes. 28 v. 

V. 3 1668-78 

V. S-31 1683-1776 

Beginning with the first regular colonial legislature, convened in 
1 69 1 by Gov. Slough ter, the council became a legislative body, co- 
ordinate with the assembly. Its legislative minutes have been 
printed as the Journal of the legislative council of the colony of New 
York begun the ^th day of Ap, i6gi and ended the jd day of Ap. lyys^ 
2 v.. Alb. 186 1. 

In T. 6-8, the executive and legislative minutes are kept separate, 
the latter at the end of each volume, v. 6 contains also the 
minutes of the council in its judicial capacity 1687-88, and v. 7, 
proceedings of the court of Oyer and Terminer, 1679-85. 

In V. 9-17, 1702-36, the two functions were mingled and the 
minutes printed as legislative have been marked by a pen or pencil 
line in the margin. 

V. 18, 20, 22, 24, 27, 28 and 30 contain only legislative minutes and 
were printed entire, as also some minutes of 1775-76, found in v. 26. 

This set as described in Report of the secretary of state relative to 
the records etc, in his office^ 1820, is called Colonial council minutes 
and General entries, 33 v. and includes the 5 volumes of no. 21 
and 22 (excluding indexes). 

24 Commissions. 4 v. 

V. I 1680, 1683 

V. 2 1686, 1702 

V. 4 1762, 1772 

V. 5 i75i» 1770 

V. 3, containing appointments in French and Indian war is now 

missing. 
V. 6-38 of this series, '* Records of commihsions,'* are in the secretary of 

state's office. 

no. 25-37 

In no. 25-37 which follow, the books bearing volume numbers 
belonged to a set of 32 volumes called *' Miscellaneous records *' 
mentioned in Report of the secretary of state relative to the records^ 
etc, in his office ^ 1820. 

V. I Letters and other documents in Gov. Stuyvesant's time from 
1647 to 1664 (in English) was included in ** New York colonial 
mss '^ v. 1-21 when that set was made up about 1850 (see no. 19). 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 

25 Orders, warrants, etc. 3V. and indexes 3V. 

V. 2 Orders, warrants, letters, 1 665-1 669 
V. 3 Warrants, orders, passes, etc. 1674, 1679 
Orders, warrants, etc. 1680 to 1682 

26 Pass book, 1680, 1691. iv. and index iv. 

Numbered 4 

27 Licenses, warrants, etc. 2 v. 

V. 5 1686, 1702 
V. 6 1702, 1712 

28 Treasury warrants. 6 v. 

V. 7 Treasury warrants 1702, 1703 



219 



V. 8 ' 


1705, 1719 


V. 9 


I719, 1732 


V. 10 * 


«73i» 1745 


V. II * 


* and Indian deeds 1745, 1762 


V. 12 * 


1762, 1776 



29 Commissioners at Greenwich, Connecticut, 174S 

Numbered 13. 

These commissioners were appointed to reexamine and determine 
the controversy between the colony of Connecticut and the Mohegan 
Indians. 

30 New York city charter, 1730 

Numbered 14. ^ 

ji Colonial precedents, 1 739-1 747 

Numbered 15. 

2 Warrants of survey ; Licenses to purchase Indian lands; Indian 
deeds and Warrants for patents, etc. 1721-76. 7 v. 
V. 16 Warrants of survey, Indian deeds, etc. 1721, 1732 
V. 17 Licenses, warrants, etc. 1750, 1765 
V. 18 Warrants of survey, 1765, 1769 
V. 20-21 " 1769, 1776 

V. 22 Warrants to prepare patents, 1753, 1772 
V. 23 Warrants to prepare letters patent, 1772, 1775 



2 20 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

33 Returns of survey, 1683, 1686 

Numbered 19. 

34 Vermont comVs, 1797, 1800 

Numbered 24. 
V. 25-27 " Certificates of electiou " 1799-1814 and v. 28 " Certificates of in- 
corporation " are in the secretary of state's office. 

35 Territorial rights, 1750 

Numbered 29. 

Title page: *' Collection of evidence in vindication of the terri- 
torial rights and jurisdiction of the state of New York against the 
claims of the commonwealth of Massachusetts and New Hampshire 
and the people of the grants who are commonly called Vermontcers, 
1750-1770." 

36 Territorial rights, 1808 

Numbered 30. 

Cover bears title : Report of the commissioners under the act 
entitled an Act respecting a claim for the extension of the eastern 
boundary of the state of New Jersey; filed by his excellency 
Daniel D. Tompkins, April 19, 1808. 

Printed in Journal of the senate of the state of New York, 1808, 

P- 51-92 

37 Military balloting book, 1790, 1794 

Numbered 31. 

l^rinted under the title: Balloting book and other documents relat- 
ing to military bounty lands in the state of New York, Alb. 1825. 

38 Council of appointment, civil & military, A, 1777, 1786. v. i 

v. 2-14 of tliis set are in the secretary of state's office. 

39 Translations from the Dutch, 1638-74. 28v. 

These are translations, by Francis A. Van der Kemp of the Dutch 
records now included in v. 1-2 1 of " New York colonial mss" (see 
no. 19) and were made in accordance with an act of the legislature 
passed in 1804. Most of the volumes of Dutch records were still in 
Van der Kemp's hands for translation in 18 19. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 221 

40 Indian traders' bonds, 1765-71. 2 v. 

The royal proclamation of Oct. 7, 1763 regulating the trade of 
the Indians, required all persons who wished to go into the Indian 
country to trade, to execute a bond. 

These manuscripts, including about 400 bonds, were arranged and 
bound about 1850 under the supervision of E. B. O'Callaghan. 

41 Marriage bonds, 1672-1784. 41V. 

The first 40 volumes were arranged and bound under the super- 
vision of E. B. O'Callaghan about 1850, and are indexed in Names 
of persons for whom marriage licenses were issued by the secretary 
of the pnwince of Neiv Yorky i860. For index to v. 41 which was 
bound by the state in 1897 see Supplementary list of marriage 
licenses, 1898, printed by the state library as History bulletin i. 

42 The duke's laws, 1 664 

The state library copy was certified by M. Wren, secretary of the 
duke of York, as ** concordat cum originaleJ* 

The copy preserved at Eastliampton, which differs in some 
respects, is prii.tetl in Colonial laws of New York, transmitted to the 
legislature by the commissioners of statutory revision, Alb. 1896, 
I : 6-100 ; also in Collections of the Neiv York historical society, 
N. Y. 181 1, I : 305-97. 

43 Dongan*s laws, 1683, 1684 

Containing the acts passed by the first general assembly of the 
province, 1683-84. 

These laws, supplemented by manuscript originals in the secretary 
of state's office, were printed in Colonial laws of New York, trans- 
mitted to the legislature by the commissioners of statutory revision. 
Alb. 1896, I : 1 11-73. 

44 Bills which failed to become laws, 1685-17 70, New York provincial 

legislature. 3V. 

45 Minutes of the provincial congress, provincial convention, 

committee of safety and council of safety, 1775-1778. lov. 

These bodies formed the government of the state from 1775 to 
1778, when Gen. George Clinton was elected the first governor. 

The legislature on Ap. 11, 1804 passed an act authorizing the 
governor to procure a copy of the minutes (see no. 48). John 
McKesson who was employed to transcribe them reported the work 



222 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Still in progress Aug. 19, 18 19. The minutes were printed with an 
index as v. i of Journals of the provincial congress^ provincial con- 
vention^ committee of safety and council of safety of the state of New 
Yorky Alb. 1842. 

46 Revolutionary papers, 1775-77. 12 v. 

Printed with an index as v. 2 of Journals of the provincial congress , 
proinncial convention, committee of safety and council of safety of the 
state of New York, Alb. 1842. 

47 Papers laid before the provincial congress, 1775-78. 16 v. 

These volumes, numbered 24-39, ^^^ lettered as follows : 

24 Credentials of delegates, 1775 

25 Military committees, 1775-78 
26-29 Military returns, 1775-80 

30 Associations and miscellaneous papers, 1775 

31-33 Petitions, 1775-77 

34-39 Miscellaneous papers, 1775-78 

Selections from these papers were arranged in chronologic order 
and printed as Calendar of historical manuscripts relating to the war 
of the revolution in the office of the secretary of state ^ Albany^ N K, 
2v., Alb. 1868. 

48 Original drafts of minutes, 1775-78. 6 v. 

Numbered 40-45. 

These consist of from seven to ten thousand documents; minutes 
of the provincial congress, provincial convention, etc. often carried 
from place to place in the pocket of the secretary. They are the 
originals from which the ** Minutes of the provincial congress, etc." 
(see no. 45) were transcribed by John McKesson underact of Ap. 
1 1, 1804. 

49 New York military register 

Note on j). i reads : " Copy of a register taken from the rolls 
shewing the names alphabetically, rank, dates of commissions and 
enlistments, period enlisted for and occurrences of the officers, non- 
commissioned and privates of the New York line of the late army " 
(revolutionary war) 

Bought by the state in 1828 from Alexander Neely, the compiler, 
by payment of 100 acres of land in Sterling, Cayuga county. 

Rearranged and printed in Documents relative to the colonial 
history of the state of New Yorky 15: 163-253. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 223 

50 Assembly papers, 1 777-1831. 43 v. 

V. 1-13 Miscellaneous, 1 777-1831 
V. 14-24 Revolutionary soldiers and claims, 1 778-1831 
V. 25-28 Forfeited estates, 1 778-1826 
V. 29-31 Estates of deceased persons, 1 789-1831 
V. 32-34 Executive messages and correspondence, 17 77-1 831 
V. 35-36 Attorney-Generars reports, 1 794-1829 
V. 37-38 Surveyor- General's reports, 1 795-1829 
V. 39 Comptroller's reports, 1 795-1 829 
V. 40-41 Indian affairs, 1783-1831 
V. 42 Colleges and schools, 1 777-1831 
V. 43 Corporations, 17 80-1 831 

These papers were selected in 1831 by the secretary of state from 
the documents on file in the assembly, according to a resolution of 
Ap. 20, 1831. For other assembly papers, transferred under act of 
1859, see no. 10. 

51 Frontiers, miscellaneous, 1794 

Numbered 45. 

Contents : Papers relative to the frontiers ; Returns of county 
clerks ; Petitions to the legislature ; Powers of attorney ; Report on 
Neversink navigation company; Report and observations on Onon- 
daga salt works. 

52 Onondaga claims. 2 v. 

V. I Minutes of claims 
V. 2 Patentees' names 

53 Index to council minutes, 1664-93. 4 v. 

54 Miscellaneous files, v. 2 

Contents : Papers relating to weights and measures; Executive 
proclamations against Canadian sympathizers; Anti-rent papers; 
Medical certificates filed by graduates; Resignations of office ; 
Whaling companies on the Hudson river, and various private 
papers, 1814-51 ; Index. 

55 Miscellaneous files, v. 3 

Contents : Abstracts of Douw Fonda and John Cochrane*s titles 
to lands in the royal grant; Appointments to office; Boundaries of 



224 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

towns; Cession of lands to the United States in 1842; Papers 
relating to the capitol, and order for the transfer of records to 
Albany, 1798; Field book of division line of Schoharie and Dela- 
ware counties, etc. 1798-1844; Index. 

56 Miscellaneous files, v. 4 

Contents : Boundary line between New York and Vermont, as 
established in 1813 and 1814; Holland land company papers; 
Report on state lands in Staten Island; Index. 

57 Certificates of treasurer. 1 1 v. 

Containing names of officers and men of the New York state militia 
who took part in the revolutionary war. The names have been 
arranged and printed as an "Alphabetical roster of the state troops", 
see Documents relating to the colonial history of the state of New York, 
Alb. 1887, 15:309-524. 

58 Assistant state agents' certificates 

Prisoners' pay rolls (revolutionary war) 

59 Pay roll, New York line, 1781 

60 Manifest books of the New York custom house, 1737-1774. 33 v. 

61 Books of entry of the New York custom house, 1728-69. 10 v. 

62 Shipmasters' bonds, 1750-66. 7 v. 

63 Beverly Robinson estate 

Account of sales of personal property belonging to Beverly Rob- 
inson and other tories, 1777-79. 

64 Proceedings regarding the boundary line between Massachusetts 

and Rhode Island, 1741, 2 

65 Papers relating to the Vermont controversy, 1 777-1 799 

66 Indian deeds, warrants of survey, 1692, 17 14 

Numbered 1. 

67 Indentures of Palatine children, 1710-11 

These manuscripts were arranged and bound about 1850 by E. 
B. O'Callaghan. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 225 

68 Pa]rments from the public chest, 1702- 1705 

69 Accounts of the treasurer of the province of New York, 1737- 

1750 

70 Manuscript copies of official papers procured from the archives 

of Holland, France and England by John Romeyn Brodhead as 
agent of the state. 80 v. 

Holland documents, 161 1-65 16 v. 

London ** 1614-1782 47 v. 

Paris " 1 631-1762 17 V. 

May 2, 1839 was passed an " Act to appoint an agent to procure 
and transcribe documents in Europe relating to the colonial history 
of this state." $4000 was appropriated at that time and additional 
appropriations made in 1842, 1843 and 1845 brought the total cost 
of procuring these documents above $13,000. 

For Brodhead's account of his work see the following : Report^ 
the Hague, Oct 25, 1841 (Senate doc. 1842, no. 2, p. 145-48); 
Communication from Paris ^ 12 July 1842 (Senate doc. 1842, no. 
106, doc. C, p. 29-113); Communication to the governor^ London, 
Dec. 3, 1842 (Senate doc. 1843, "o. 2, p. 3-4); Address delivered 
before the New York historical society at its 40th anniversary ^ 20th 
Nov. 1844^ N. Y. 1844; Final report 12th Feb, 1845^ Alb. 1845. 
The Final report '\% also printed as Senate doc. 1845, no. 47. 

These 80 manuscript volumes were pubh'shed with a complete in- 
dex as V. I- 1 1 of Documents relative to the colonial history of the 
state of New York^ Alb. 1853-61. The documents in Dutch and 
French were translated and the whole series edited by E. B. 
O'Callaghan. 

1883 

See DO. 7 under 1853 

1884 

See also no. 72 under 1887 

71 D. D. Tompkins papers. 1 5 v. 

These papers of Gov. Tompkins cover the period of the war with 
England in 18 12-15 ^^^1 throw much light on the history of the 
state in this war. There are 15 bound volumes besides a quantity 
of loose papers and letters sufficient to make as many more volumes 



226 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

when arranged. They were bought from the heirs of Gov. Tomp- 
kins for $5000. See the paper by H. A. Homes, " On the corre- 
spondence of Gov. D. D, Tompkins (1808-1824) lately acquired by 
the state, with some notes on his life," printed in Transactions of the 
Albany institute^ 1887, 11 : 223-40. 

A chronologic list of v. 5-10 (" Letters received, v. A-F*') has 
been printed under the title List of Utters received by the late 
Gov, Tompkins between the years iSoy and 1S17. 

V. 11-13, which are devoted exclusively to military subjects from 
1800 to 18 1 6, are printed entire by the state historian as Public 
papers of Daniel D, Tompkins^ governor of New Vorh, iSoy-i'/j 
Military^ v, /, Alb. 1898. 

Z887 

72 Usselincx manuscripts, 1 606-46. 3 v. 

The papers in v. i and 3 were bought in 1887 from J. F. Jameson 
of Baltimore for $45 and bound in the library; those in v. 2 were 
bought in 1884 of Henry C, Murphy for $75. 

Willem Usselincx, an exile from Belgium, was preeminent among 
the founders of the Dutch East and West India companies. There 
are 50 printed publications from his pen from 1606 to 1644, nearly 
all of them having reference to the establishment and success of 
these companies. 

For a list of unpublished writings of Usselincx, nearly all of which 
are in this collection, see Papers of the American historical asso- 
ciation^ 1888, 2: 213-20. This list was compiled by J. F. Jameson. 

1888 

73 French papers 

These consist of about 2000 folio pages of manuscript copied 
from the archives of France for the state library, $800 having been 
appropriated by the legislature May 9, 1888 for this purpose. This 
collection contains papers on the early French settlements in Canada 
and Louisiana; the discovery of the mouth of the Mississippi 
river; the expedition to Darien in 1698; the French colonies in 
America in 1720; also journal of John Paul Jones in the revolu- 
tionary war; the squadron of Count d'Estaing in the same war; 
letters of Washington, Lafayette, Baron de Kalb and others during 
the same period and other historical matters relating to America. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 227 

For partial list of these papers, see Annual report of the New York 
state library y 1889, v. 71, pref. p. 13-14. 

1894 

74 Suffolk county reg:iment, 1776 

Title page : ** Official copy of military papers of Col. Josiah 
Smith of the town of Brookhaven, Suffolk co. Long Island; being 
the returns of the companies forming the Suffolk county regiment 
of minute men 1776; which papers are owned by the lineal descend- 
ants of Col. Smith; and now by John Conklin Havens of East 
Moriches loaned to the state library for the purpose of being copied 
by George Rogers Howell, archivist, Oct. i, 1894." 

75 Visitors' register New York state building, World's Columbian 

exposition, Jackson park, Chicago, 111., 1893. 2 v. 

Miscellaneous dates 

76 Manuscripts, miscellaneous. 13 v. 

These volumes were made up in the library from manuscripts 
added at various times. 

77 Commissions, military and dvil 

This volume contains original military commissions in the revolu- 
tionary war, bearing the state arms. 

78 Census 

About 650 volumes of the state census reports, being the original 
work of the state enumerators, in folio, 1801-92, the earlier volumes 
incomplete. These volumes were placed in the state library by the 
diflferent secretaries of state. 

79 Reg^ister, state capitol. 9 v. 

Contains signatures of visitors to the capitol, 1883-94. These 
volumes were placed in the library by the superintendent of the 
capitol. 



228 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

PARTIAL BIBLIOGRAPHY 

OF 

MATTER RELATING TO THE MANUSCRIPTS 

IN THE NEW YORK STATE L.1BBABY 

OOMPILBD BY 

Charles A. Flagg 

A large number of the manuscripts now in the state library were in 
the offices of the secretary of state and comptroller till transferred 
according to New York laws of 1881, ch. 120. 

The entries in the following list are arranged chronologically. Call 
numbers are given for books in the state library. 

N. Y. (province) — Secretary. Manuscript list of books in the 
secretary's office, 1772. (see " New York colonial mss" 99: 44) 

Manuscript room 

N. Y. (state) — State, Secretary of. "Annalium thesaurus." 

Manuscript volume in the office of the secretary of Btate, confaiiiiug 
a history of the New York state records. Tbis volamo was compiled iu 
1818 by J. V. N. Yates. 

Report relative to the records &c. in his office. 43P. (Senate 

doc. 1820. no. 2) Law library 

Also in Senate jonrnal, 1820, 49 : 13-51. Tbis report contains a '* Catalogue 
of the records in the office of the secretary of the state of New York on the 
first day of Jan. 1820." 

Report relative to the execution of the duty a<;signed him by a 

resolution of the assembly of Ap. 20, 1830. i2p. (Assembly doc. 
1832. no. 302) Law library 

On the selection of the documents contained in the 43 volnmes of "As- 
sembly papers, 1777-1831 " (see no. 50 of previous list) and on their transfer 
to the office of the secretary of state. 

Brodhead, John Romeyn. Reports on his work as agent to procure 
and transcribe documents in Europe relative to the colonial history 
of the state. 

Report, [the Hague, Oct. 25, 1841] (Senate doc 1842. no. 2. 
p. 145-48) Law library 

Communication from Paris, 12 July 1842 (Senate doc. 1842, 
no. 106. doc. C. p. 29-113) Law library 

Communication to the governor [London, Dec. 3, 1842] (Senate 
doc. 1843. no. 2. p. 3-4) Law library 

Final report, 12th Feb 1845. Alb. 1845. 016.9747 B78 

Also in Senate doc. 1845, no. 47. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 229 

Brodhead, John Romeyn. Address delivered before the New York 
historical society at its 40th anniversary, 20th Nov. 1844. N. Y. 
1844. 974-7 B782 

Describes his work iu transcribiug Europeau documenta. 

N. Y. (state) — Colonial history of the state, Committee on. 

Report of the select committee on so much of the governor's mes- 
sage as relates to the colonial history of the state, up. (Senate 
doc. 1844. ^o, 42) I-.aw library 

N. Y. (state) — Colonial agency, Committee on. Report. i6p. 
(Senate doc. 1845. no. in) Law library 

N. Y. (state) — State, Secretary of. Communication in relation to 
the manuscript documents in his possession concerning the colonial 
history of this state and recommending their printing. 4p. (As- 
sembly doc. 1849. no. 188) Law library 

N. Y. (state) — University. Catalogue of historical papers and 
parchments received from the office of the secretary of state and 
deposited in the New York state library, made by the regents of the 

University Feb. 13, 1849. S5P' ^^^' 1849, oi6-9747 N42 

Also ill Assembly doc. 1849, no. 148. 

N. Y. (state) — Legislature. Act to provide for the publishing of 
certain documents relating to the colonial history of the state, 
(see N. Y. (state) — Legislature. Laws, 1849. p. 236-37) 

Law library 

N. Y. (state) — Library. Manuscripts received from the office of the 
secretary of state and deposited in the state library in pursuance of 
a joint resolution of the senate and assembly passed Dec. 15, 1847. 
(see N. Y. (state) — Library. Catalogue, 1850. p. 1021-54) 

027.5747 N42 V.32, 

N. Y. (state) — State, Secretary of. Communication fr^m the 

governor and secretary of state in answer to a resolution of the 

assembly. 3p. (Assembly doc. 185 1. no. 66) Law library 

RolHtcM to the preparation for printing the Documents relatire to the 

colonial history of the state of New York. 



230 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

N. Y. (state) — Comptroller. Reply in answer to a resolution of the 
senate adopted Jan. 17, 1853, in relation to the expenses of the 
Colonial history, etc. i4p. (Senate doc. 1853, no. 24) 

Law library 

iDcladiDg report by E. B. OTallaghao on binding and preparing various 
iDannseripts. 

N. Y. (state) — State, Secretary of. Communication in answer to 
resolutions requiring information in relation to the Documentary 
history. 64p. (Assembly doc. 1854. no. 136) Law library 

N. Y. (state) — Library. List of manuscripts added to the New 
York state library from Jan. i, 1850 to Jan. i, 1855. (see N. Y. 
(state) — Library. Annual report, 1855. 3^ • 7^-^3) 

027.5747 N42 

N. Y. (state) — State, Secretary of. Report relative to printing 
the Documentary and colonial history. 4p. (Assembly doc. 1857. 
no. 134) Law library 

N. Y. (state) — University. Report of the regents on the concurrent 
resolutions of Ap. i, 1856. 2p. (Senate doc. 1857. no. 154) 

Law library 

On original seniite joiiriiala and other papers formerly in bands of 
A. B. Banoker and obtained by state. See no. 9 of previous list. 

N. Y. (state) — Library. Catalogue of the New York state library, 

1856; maps, manuscripts, engravings, coins, etc. Alb. 1857. 

016.912 qN42 
Manuscripts, p. 93-113. 

N. Y. (state) -— State, Secretary of. Communication relative to 
historical manuscripts and records in his office. 6p. (Senate doc. 
1864. no. 46) Law library 

Calendar of historical manuscripts in the office of the secretary 

of state; ed. by E. B. O'Callaghan. 2 v. Alb. 1865-66. 

974.7 qN424 

Contents: v. 1, Dutch manuscripts, 1630-64 : v. 2 English manuscripts, 
1664-1776. 
These manuscripts were transf erred to the state library, 1881. 



LIST OF MANUSCRIPTS 23 1 

N. Y. (state) — State, Secretary of. List of books and papers in the 
office of the secretary of state. 8p. Alb. 1866. 016.091 qN42 
Reprinted from Calendar of 'kUioTieal nmniMrrtpto in i\€ office of the 
eeeretary of statej v. 2, pref. p. 9-14. 

Calendar of historical manuscripts relating to the war of the 

revolution. 2 v. Alb. 1868. 973-3 qN42 

TbiH work is not a calendar bat giveH the fall text of a portion of no. 47 
of the previous list. 
The manuscripts were transferred to the state library, 1881. 

N. Y. (state) — Library. List of memorial relics of George Wash- 
ington, with descriptive notes, (see N. Y. (state) — Library. An- 
nua/ report. 1874, 56 : 139-46) 027.5747 N42 

Catalogue of manuscripts in the hbrary, supplementary to the 

printed list of 1856. (see N. Y. (state) — Library. Annual 
report. 1874. 56:115-38) 027.5747 N42 

Homes, Henry Augustus. Account of the manuscripts of Gen. 
Dearborn as Massachusetts commissioner in 1838 and 1839 ^^^ ^^ 
sale of the Seneca Indian lands in the state of New York; read 
before the Albany institute Oct. 12th, 1880. up. Alb. 1881. 

N. Y. (state) — Historical records. Custodian of. General state- 
ment of material containeJ in manuscripts transferred to the state 
library from the office of the secretary of state, pursuant to laws of 
1881, ch. 120; [by Berthold Femow]. (see N.Y. (state) — Library. 
Annual report. 1882. 64:11-15) 0275747 N42 

Clinton, George William. Report on the George Clinton papers, 
(see N.Y. (state) — Library. Annual report. 1882, 64:145-48; 
1883,65: 10-14; 1884,66: 15-21; 1885,67: 19-31) 027.5747 N42 

N. Y. (state) — Historical records. Custodian of. Report on 
historical documents; [by Berthold Fernow]. (see N. Y. (state) — 
Library. Annual report. 1884. 66:23-24) 027.5747 N42 

Fernow, Berthold. Critical essay on the sources of information [relat- 
ing to New Netherland] (see VVinsor, Justin, ed. Narrative and critical 
history of America. *■ 1884-89. 4:409-38) 973 qVV73 



232 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Schuyler, George Washington. [Description of state archives 
(see his Colonial New York, 1885. v. i, pref. p. 4-10) 

974.7 Sch 8 

Fernow, Berthold. Manuscript sources of New York history, (see 
Winsor, Justin, ed. Narrative and critical history of America, 01884- 
89- 5- 13^-33) 973qW73 

Homes, Henry Augustus. On the correspondence of Governor 
D. D. Tompkins (1808-1824) lately acquired by the state; with 
some notes on his life, (see Albany institute. Transactions. 1887 
11:223-40) 061 

N. , Y, (state) — Library. [List of copies of manuscript in the 

National Hbrary at Paris and the national archives of the French 

government, procured in 1888]. (see N. Y. (state) — Library. 

Annual report. 1889. v. 71, pref. p. 13-14) 027.5747 N42 

Besides the 50 copies mentioned in list, about 30 otbers were procnred. 

Femow, Berthold. Archives of the state of New York, (see New 
York genealogical and biographical record, 1889. 20 : 106-1 3) 

929.1 qN42i 

Winsor, Justin. [Archives ofj New York, (see his Narrative and 
critical history of America. « 1884-89. 8:444-48) 973 QW73 

N. Y. (state) — Archivist. [Report by G. R. Howell.] (see N. Y. 
(state) — Library. Annual report. 1891, 73:27; 1892, 74:21; 
1^93* 75-20-24; 1895,77:13-14; 1896,78:10-11; 1897,79:13- 
14; 1898, 80: 18-19; 1^99' S^ • 29-30) 027.5747 N42 

Jameson, John Franklin. List of printed guides to and descriptions 
of archives and other repositories of historical manuscripts, (see 
American historical association — Historical manuscripts commission. 
Annual rsport, . 1896. 1:481-512) 973 Am37 

New York archives, p. 489-91. A supplementary list rs iiioliided in the 
Third annual report of the hidtoricat manuHcnpt» vommxHsion of the Atnerican 
historical association (in press) for wliich the part relating to Now York 
arehivea was contributed by Henry Harmon Noble. 



INDEX 



The snperior figures tell the exact place on the page in ninths; e. g. 216^ 
means paj^e 216 beginDing in the third ninth of the page, i. e. abont one third of 
the way down. Dates are printed in italics. 



Albany, Fort Orange reoords, 216<; 
order for transfer of records to, lygS^ 
2241. 

Albany committee uf correspondence, 
Proceedings, 209^. 

Albany records, Van der Kemp's trans- 
lations, 220". 

Allen, Ethan, papers, 214^ 

Allen, Ira, papers, 314^. 

Andr^ papers, 21 1''. 

Annalinm thesaurus, 228^. 

Anti-rent papers, 223^. 

Appointments to office, 223^. 

Archiyes, %te Manuscripts. 

Archivist, state, report, 232*. 

Assembly, Journals, 2127-13S; 
acts passed by first, 22 1*; papers, 
2231, 2288. 

Attorney-General's reports, 223^. 

Balloting book, military, 220<. 
Bancker papers, 212^, 230*. 
Bibliography of manuscripts, 228-32. 
Bills which failed to become laws. New 

York provincial legislature, 221 s. 
Boundaries, of New York, dispntea 

over, 216«, 220*, 224* ; of towns, 223». 
Brodbead, J. R., European mnnu- 

soripta procured by, 225> ; reports, 

2287-291. 

CaUfudw of historical manuscripts in 
ogloe of secretary of state, 215», 2308. 

Calendar of historical manuscripts re- 
lating to the revolution, 222', 23 1>. 



Canada, early French settlements, 226". 
Canadian sympathizers, exeoutiye 

proclamations against, 223". 
Capitol, papers relating to, 2241; 

register of visitors, 227". 
Census reports, 227". 
Centennial exhibition, register of New 

York visitors, 216". 
Charter, of state, original, 210i ; of New 

York city, 2197. 
Civil commissions, 227". 
Clinton, G. W., arrangement of Clinton 

manuscripts, 211* ; report on Clinton 

papers, 231^. 
Clinton papers, 2111, 231?. 
Cochrane, John, titles to lands, 223*. 
Colleges and schools, 223". 
Colonial assembly, see Assembly. 
Col<y)ial history, see Doeuments rela- 
tive to the colonial history of the state 

of New York, 
Colonial laws, 209», 2217. 
Colonial manuscripts, see New York 

colonial manuscripts. 
Colonial precedents, 2197. 
Commissioners at Greenwich, Ct., 

219«. 
Commissioners for detecting conspira- 
cies, minutes of, 210". 
Commissions, military and civil, 218", 

227". 
Committee of safety, minntes, 221"- 

22", 222". 
Comptroller, manuscripts transferred 

to state library by, 215*-257 ; reports 



234 



NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



Coraptroller, (c&nHnued) 
223>; on expenses of Documents 

. relative to the colonial history of the 
state of New York, 2m. 

Connect icat and Mobrfif.in Indians, 
con'roversy, 219*. 

Conspiracies, minntes of commission- 
ers for detecting, 210>. 

Corporations. 223'. 

Council (Datcb)y minntes, 216^. 

Council (English), minutes, 218^; in- 
dex lo, 223*7. 

Conncil of appointment, 220^. 

Council of safety, minntes, 221^22^, 
222«. 

Connty clerks, returns, 223*. 

Court of ussize, 217*. 

Cumberland connty, 214^. See also 
Vermont. 

Curasao papers, 216^. 

Darien, expedition to, 226^. 

Dearborn*s mission to Senecas and 
Tuscaroras, 214»-15«, 231«. 

Declaration of independence, sij^ners, 
213K. 

D'Kstaing, Count, bqniidron in revolu- 
tionary war, 226*. 

Delaware and Schoharie counties, di- 
yiition line, 224^. 

Delaware papers, 216^. 

Director-general, correspondence, 216^. 

Documentary history of the state of Sew 
York, Sir William Johnson papers, 
2107; English maunHcript«« in, 216^. 

Documents relative to the colonial his- 
tory of the state of New York, act to 
provide for pnbliHhing, 229^; Brod- 
head's work on, 225«, 2287-29*; re- 
ports of committees relating to, 229*; 
communications from secretary ot 
state relating to. 229S 229», 230S, 
230^; expenses of preparing, 230^; 
English manoscripts in. 216^; 
military register printed in, 222^; 
roster of state troops, 224^. 

Dongan's laws, 221*. 



Duke's laws, 2314. 
Dutch, translations from. 220". 
Dutch niannscripts, 216*. 
Dutch patents, 2174. 

Emancipation proclamation, 213*. 

English manuscripts in New York 
colonial mannscripts. 216*-174. 

Estates, 223*. 

European documents, transcribing, 
225*, 2291. 

Executive messages and correspond- 
ence, 223*. 

Fernow, Berthold, on manuscripts 
transferred to state library, 231*; 
report on historical documents, 231* ; 
on sources of information relating to 
New Notherland. 231*; manuscript 
sources of New York history, 232* ; 
archives of state of New York, 282*. 

Flagg, C. A , Partial bibliography of 
manuscripts in New York state li- 
brary, 228-32. 

Fonda, Douw, titles to lands, 223*. 

Forfeited estates. 223*. 

Fort Orange records, 216*. 

French and Indian wars, papers relat- 
ing to, 210*, 2l4fi; muster rolls, 217*. 

French colonies in America, 226*. 

French papers, 2267-271; list of, 232*. 

Front iei-s, papers relating to, 223*. 

General asdombly, see Assembly. 
Oeneral entries, 217'. 
Gloucester county, 214^ See also Ver- 
mont. 
Greenwich (CD.coniniissioners at, 219*. 

Historical mannHcripts. calendar, see 
Calendar of historical manuscripts. 

Historical records, Cus'odian of, report 
on manuscripts, 231*, 231*. 

Holland documents, 225^. 

Holland laud company papert*, 224*. 

Homes, H. A., Account of mannsoripts 
of Gen. Dearborn, 231*: ou corre- 
spoudence of Gov. Tompkins, 232*. 



INDEX 



235 



Howell, G. B., reports, 232*. 
Hudson river, whaling companies on, 
2238. 

Indian affairs, 223S. 

Indian lands, deeds of, 219*, 219^, 224^ ; 

lioenses to purchase, 219*. 
Indian traders' bonds, 22U. 

Jameson, J. F., New York arcbivea, 

232«. 
Jenison papers, 214*. 
Johnson, Sir William, manuscripts, 

210*; papers in New York colonial 

manuscripts, 2107. 
Jones, John Paul, journal, 226^. 

Kalb, Baron de, letters, 226». 

Lalayette letters, 226^. 

Land papers, in Clinton manuscripts, 

211'; in Senate papers, 212^; in 

Stevens's papers,214S: in uiiscellane- 

ous files, 2239-241. 
Laud patents,/6($b-/7j'/,original drafts, 

2147; Dutch, 1636^4^ 217*; warrants 

for, 1721-76, 2198. 
Laws, colonial, 209^, 221^; Duke's laws, 

221*; Dongan*8 laws, 22 1«. 
LawBand ordinanceB ofNeic Xetherlanda, 

2167. 
Legislative council, see Council. 
Legislature, papers, 212^; provincial, 

bills which failed to become laws, 

221*; petitions to, 223^; publication 

of documents relating to colonial 

history, 229*. See aho Asr^embiy; 

Council; Council of appointment; 

Provincial congress; Senate. 
Licenses, 219^. 
Line, New York, in revolution, 222*, 

224*; bounty lands, 220*. 
Loudon documents, 225*. 
Louisiana, early French settlements, 

226*. 

McKesson, John, transcribing minutes 
of provincial congress, 221»-22i, 222*. 



Manuscripts, repoit on, by Berthold 
Femow, 231*, 232*; procured at 
Paris iSSS, list of, 232* ; 

in secretary of state's office ; re- 
port on, 1772, 228*; in iS/S, 228* ; in 
/S20, 228*; in /S64, 230*; calendars, 
jS66, 230»-31* ; 

in state library ; transferred from 
secretary of state's office ; 215*-257, 
229*, 2297, 231*, 231* ; additions iSjo- 
55,230*; catalogue iSjd, 230*; sup- 
plementary catalogue, 1^4, 231*. 

Marriage bonds, 221*. 

Massachusetts and New York, bound- 
ary papers, 216*, 220*. 

Massachusetts and Bhode Island, 
boundary line, 224?. 

Medical certificates, filed by grad nates, 
223*. 

Military balloting book, 220*. 

Military commissions, 217*, 227*. 

Military papers, revolutionary records 
in Clinton papers, 211^; state troops 
in the revolution, 222*, 224* ; Suffolk 
county regiment, 227*. 

Military register, 222*. 

Minutes of commissioners for detect- 
ing conspiracies, 210*. 

Minutes of the provincial congress, 
2218-22*, 222*. 

Miscellaneous files, 223*^-24*. 

Miscellaneous manuscripts, 227*. 

Miscellaneous records, 218*. 

Mississippi river, papers on discovery, 
226*. 

Mohawk valley, Sir William Johnson's 
manuscripts, 210*. 

Mohegan and Connecticut Indians, 
controversy between, 219*. 

Muster rolls, colonial, 217*. See aleo 
Military papers. 

Neely, Alexander, compiler of New 
York military register, 222*. 

Neversink navigation company, report 
on, 2235. 

New Hampshire, land claims, 214*, 
220*. 



236 



NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



New Jersey, boundary, 220^. 

New Netherlands sources of inrormation 

relating to, by Berthold Feruow, 

231». 
Now York, original charter, 210i; dis- 
putes over boundary line, 216^, 22(H, 

2242. 
New York city, charter, 219«. 
New York colonial mnnuscriptR, 215'- 

17*; calendar, 215», 2308; translations 

of Datch docutnentM, 220^. 
New York custom hons ', books of eii- 

tr^, 2245; manifest books, 224^. 

New York military register, 2228. 

^oble, H. H., oil New York archives, 
232». 

O'Callaghan, E. B., editor of Docu- 
fnenU relating to colonial history of 
New York, 225', 2302; work on Dutch 
mauu8cript8, 216^; nrraiigciiieiit of 
Indian traders' bonds, 221^; arrange- 
ment of manuscripts on Inilen lures 
of Palatiue children, 224^; work on 
Johnson's manuscripts, 210^; trans- 
lator of Laws and ordinaiices of New 
Netherlands 216''; supervision of work 
on Marriage bonds, 2213; work on 
New York Colonial manuscripts, 2158, 
217<, 2308; report on binding and 
preparing various manuscripts, 230^. 

Onondaga claims, 223^. 

Onondaga salt works, report and obser- 
vations on, 223^. 

Orders, 219i. 

Palatine children, iudcutures, 224^ 

Paris, manuscripts procured at, iSSS, 

232*. 
Paris documents, 225^. 
Pass book, 219^. 
Patents, see L md patents. 
Pay roll. New York line, 2245. 
Payments from public ciicst, 2251. 
Philadelphia centennial exhibition, 

register of New York visitors, 215'. 

Precedents, colonial, 219^. 

Prisoners' pay rolls, revolutionary war, 
224*. 



Provincial congress, minutes, 221*-22*, 
222«; papers laid before, 222', 231>. 

Provincial convention, minutes, 2218- 
222, 222«. 

Regents, catalogue of historical manu- 
scripts, 2295; report on Bancker 
papers, 2305. 

Resignations of office, 2238. 

Returns of survey, 220^. 

Revolution, papers relating to, 2222; 
Albany committee of correspondence. 
Proceedings, 2098; Andr€ papers 211*7; 
Calendar of historioal nuinuecripts^ 
2312; Clinton papers, 2111; French 
papers, 226*; military com missions, 
227*; military register, 2228; minntes 
of commissioners for detecting con- 
spiracies, 2102; minntes of provin- 
cial congress, 2218-222; papers laid 
before provinciiil congress, 222'; pay 
roll N. Y. line, 2245; prisoners' pay 
roils, 224*; certificates of treasurer, 
2243 ; Sir William Johnson's manu- 
scripts, 210*; soMieis aud claims, in 
ai^sembly papers, lyyy-iSji^ 223*; 
Suffolk county regiment, 2272. 

Rho<le Island and Massachusetts, 
boundary line, 224?. 

Robinson, Beverly, estate, 224*. 

Schoharie aud Pelaware county, di- 
viriiou line, 224^ 

Schuyler, 6. W., description of state 
archives, 238*. 

Secretary, provincial; regi^ster, 2162; 
manuscript list of books in office, 
2283. 

Secretary of state, transfer of niauu- 
scrii>ts in office to state library, 216*- 
257, 2295, 2297, 2312, 2:U5; repoi-ts on 
manuscripts, 228*; preparation of 
Documenis relative to colonial hietorp 
of state of N F., 229*, 229», 2302, 
2305; on bisiorical manuscripts and 
records in office, 230''; list of t>ook8 
and papers in office, /S66y 231^. 

Senate papers, 212^, 230^. 



INDEX 



237 



SeDeoas, Dearborn's mission to, 214*- 
15«. 

Shipmabtere' bonds, 224*. 

Signers of the Declaration of inde- 
pendence, 213^. 

Smith, Col. Josiah, military papers, 
227«. 

State, Secretary of, see Secretary of 
state. 

State agents' certiBcntcs, 224^. 

State library, manuscripls transferred 
to from office of secretary of state 
and comptroller, 215^25^, 229^, 229?, 
231', 231^ list of mana!>cripts added, 
^^Jo-SSt 230*; cataloj^ue of manu- 
scripts /Sj7, 230^; supplementary 
catalogue 1S74, 231^; list of Wash- 
ington relics, 231^ list of luanuhcripts 
procured »t Paris, /SSS, 232*. 

Staten Island, state lands, 224^. 

Stevens papers, 214^ 

Suffolk county regiment, 227^. 

Survey, warrants of, 219^; returns of, 
2201. 

Surveyor-Geuerars reports, 223'. 

Susquehaona lands, papers relating; to, 
214s. 

Territorial rights, 2209. 
Tichenor papers, 214^ 
Tompkin's papers, 2259-26S, 232'. 
Tories' estates, 22V, 
Translations from the Dutch, 220^. 
Treasurer, certificates of, 224'; accounts 

of, f7J7-JOy 2251. 
Treasury warrants, 219*. 



Tdscaroras, Dearborn's mission to, 
214«-15'. 

United States, cession of lands to, 

2241. 
University of the State of New York, 

catalogue of historical papers and 

parchments, 229^ ; report on Bancker 

papers, 230^. 
Usselincx manuscripts, 226*. 

Vander Kemp, Francis A., transla- 
tions f^om the Dutch, 220^. 

Vermont, boundary line established, 
224>. 

Vermont controversy, 220*, 224*. 

Vermont papers, 214*. 

War of fS/^y Stevens papers, 214*; 
Tompkius papers, 225ft-26'. 

Warrants, 219^. 

Warrants of survey, 219*. 

Washington letters, 226^. 

Washington relics, 213^14*; list of, 
231'. 

Weights and measures, papers relating 
to, 2238. 

Westerlo's manuscripts, 210*. 

Whaling companies on Hudson river, 
2238. 

Winsor, Justin, on archives of New 
York, 232«. 

World's Columbian exposition, visit- 
or's register. New York state build- 
ing, 227*. 

York, duke of, charter granted to, 210^ ; 
laws established by, 221*. 



Universitr o( the Sate of New York 



New York State Ubrair 

PUBLICATIONS 

L>ibrary reports. Npw Ynrt eUre lihrwr. Annim* nqmn, 1810- 
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Ubrar? boUetiiis. (*i((vvr*ltr vf tttc HUI« "f >>r>w V'irl.. 8(ji(v 
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tl«(nre!tT or the State otVtmTtft 

State Library Bulletin 

HISTORY No. 4 

May 19*0 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 



A blaiorlCBl •k«tel» 



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UniTersity of the Slate ol New York 



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University of the State of New York 



State Library Bulletin 

HISTORY No. 4 



May 1900 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 



A historical sketch 



BY KX-JCDOE A. JUDD NOKTHKCP B.A. M.A. LL.D. 



INTRODUCTION 



The compiled historic* of negro slavery in the United States 
have dealt mainly with its existence in the southern states, where 
it assumed its largest proportions as an institution and wrought 
out its greatest moral, economical and political results. It has 
been intently considered as a sectional issue, till the fact is well 
nigh forgotten that for a long ix^riod in the early history of our 
country slavery was, in some sense, a *• national institution"; 
and that it existiMl in all the l*i original colonies at the time of the 
revolution, and for some time in nearly all of them after the es- 
tablishment of the republic. 

Indian slavery also existed at an early day in New England and 
in some if not all of the other colonies. It is said to have pre- 
yailed from an early period in New York. It doubtless waa among 
the influences which paved the way for the eaey entrance of 
African slavery. 

The introduction of negroes as slaves into this country, as is 
well known^ took place in Virginia, in the latter part of August 
1619, when " a Dutch man-of-war sailed up the James river " and 



244 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

sold to the planters 20 black men who had been captured fram a 
Spanish slave ship. 

Negro slaves were first introduced into New York, then the 
Dutch colony of New Netherland, in 1626; and slavery existed in 
the colony, under Dutch and English dominion, and later, in the 
state of New York, for 200 years, till by legislative act it was prac- 
ticall}' exterminated in 1827. It had a slow growth at first, grad- 
ually extending throughout the community, and never assumed 
the proportions that it reached at the same period in some of the 
southern states; nor did it gain the economic importance any- 
where in the north that it had in the south. It was not so much 
that there existed any radical difference in the character of the 
people of the two sections, though there were marked differences, 
as that economic and climatic conditions differed, and determined 
that in the south slavery should become profitable and in the 
north comparatively unprofitable. The coming of slavery was a 
common misfortune; its continuance in the south after its aboli- 
tion in the north was the added misfortune of the south, resulting 
from causes that did not operate in the north. 

The beginnings of negro slavery in New York, its extent in num- 
bers, the general character of the servitude exacted, the severity 
of discipline and punishments administered, the precise relations 
existing between master and slave, are now somewhat difficult 
clearly to ascertain. Enough, however, appears in colonial rec- 
ords and laws (some of which have but recently become readily ac- 
cessible through publication from the originals) to enable us to 
form some conception of the material facts. Specially are we able 
to watch the progress of the evils of the system and discern the 
growing desire or willingness to be rid of a relation which, it was 
felt, had disadvantages greater than the benefits. 

Negro slavery, for nearly 200 years, was assumed and believed 
by Americans — except by the Quakers, who were always anti- 
slavery in feeling if not in practice — to be morally right and 
economically necessary. It never became, indeed, in this country 
a moral ** issue '' till it had existed within our borders for more 
than 200 years. Here and there arose a protest against the 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 245 

wrong, a prophecy of the final catastrophe, or a plea for the com- 
mon rights of the brotherhood of man ; but it was, as the voice of 
one crying in the wildernesfi, unheeded by the multitude, and 
stifled and lost in the struggles of a young people contending 
mightily for the subjugation of a new continent. 

In the light of present opinion on the subject, and specially in 
the fierce light of the great antislavery "thirty years war'' ending 
at Appomattox, it is interesting to observe the mental and moral 
attitude, in respect to this question, of the northern people while 
slavery continued among them, and they shared all the responsi- 
hility and shame. Except as an institution to be regulated some- 
what in the interests of humanity, slavery was regarded in about 
the same light as the relation of the owner and his cattle. The 
slave was an article of merchandise, pure and simple, a " staple," 
like rum, molasses or hardware; and therefore certain trade regu- 
lations were established in respect to him, and his importation, 
like that of other property, was subject to the payment of certain 
duties for revenue. Under Dutch rule the slave trade was the 
property right of the West India company, which derived profit 
directly from this monopoly in the importation of slaves from its 
possessions in Brazil, and later from Africa, into its New Nether- 
land province. 

The early records indeed exhibit a curious, if not appalling in- 
sensibility as to the moral questions involved in the slave trade 
and slaveholding. Prior to the revolution the existence of any 
€uch question was scarcely anywhere perceived. If at any time 
or anywhere there was the slightest suggestion of a doubt of the 
righteousness of making a black. man a slave — even if he was a 
" pagan '' — the hint or the suggestion of doubt was answered be- 
yond cavil or peradventure by the assertion of the doctrine of 
necessity. The necKl of laborers crowded out all other considera- 
tions. The idea, so popular as an excuse in the later days of 
slavery, that negro servitude is a divine institution for Christianiz- 
ing and fitting for heaven the benighted African, who else would 
go to everlasting perdition, does not eeem to have effected a lodg- 
ment in the minds of the slave traders and owners of that period. 



246 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

That doctrine required the astuteness of a later age far its de- 
velopment. 

These facts prepare us to consider without amazement some- 
what in detail — and chiefly in the documents and laws themselves, 
since there is little else of general contemporaneous history — the 
history of slavery in New York, covering the period from its in- 
troduction in 1626 to its substantial abolition and disappearance, 
under peaceful legislation, in 1827. The purposes of this sketch 
will be best subserved by an arrangement of the materials here 
gathered substantially in chronologic order, and in form suited 
for convenient reference. 

The subject naturally divides itself into 

1 Slavery under the Dutch, from 1626 to 1664, 38 years 

2 Slavery under the English, from 1664 to 1776, 112 years 

3 Slavery under state government, from 1776 to 1827, 51 years 

SLAVERY UNDER THE DUTCH 

FROM 1626 TO 1664, 38 years 

The introduction of slavery into the Dutch colony had no war- 
rant in legislative law, as it certainly had none in the law of 
nature; it was neither prohibited nor permitted by statute; and 
it was not recognized by the common law. It was first introduced 
by custom, in accordance with the spirit of the age and the com- 
mon practice of nations; and it was then accepted as an existing 
fact, and regulated by local law. 

In 1626, seven years after the Dutch had introduced slaves into 
Virginia, the first negro slaves were brought to the island of 
Manhattan. The number is unknown. There were at least 11 
men, and probably some women. We learn the facts of this im- 
portation from the "Act of the Director and Council of New 
Netherland," passed Feb. 25, 1644, which recites: 

Having considered the petition of the Negroes named Paul 
d'Angola [and 10 others named, and described as " imported "] 
who have served the Company 18 to 19 years, to be liberated, 
especially as they have been many years in the service of the 
Hon'ble West India Company here and have been long since 



SLAVKRY IN NEW YORK 247 

promised their Freedom; also that they are burdened with many 
children so that it is impoefiible for them to support their wives 
and children as th€*y have been accustomed to do, if they must 
continue in the Company's service; 

Therefore we, the Director and Council do release, for the term 
of their natural lives, the above named and their wives from 
Slavery, hereby setting them free and at liberty, on the same 
footing as other free people here in New Netherland, where they 
shall be able to earn their livelihood by Agriculture, on the land 
shown and granted to them, on condition that they, the above 
named Negroes, ehall be bound to pay for the freedom they receive, 
each man for himfielf annually, as long as he lives, to the Wc^t 
India Company or its Deputy here, thirty ekepels [barn baskests — 
22^ bushels] of Maize, or Wheat, Pease or Beans, and one Fat 
Hog, valued at twenty guilders [f8], which thirty ekepels and 
the hog they, the Negroes, each for himself, promises to pay annu- 
ally, beginning from the date hereof, on pain, if any one of them 
flhall fail to pay the yearly tribute, he shall forfeit his freedom 
and return back into the said Company's Slavery. With express 
condition, that their children at present born or yet to be born, 
shall be bound and obligated to serve the Hon'ble West India 
Company as Slaves. Likewise that the above mentioned men shall 
be obliged to serve the Hon'ble West India Company here, by 
water or on land, where their services are required, on receiving 
fair wages from the Company. 

The date of the importation of these first slaves is tl/us fixed as 
1625 or 1626; and they are shown to have belonged to the West 
India company. The men had wives, presumably negro women 
imported with them; and they were "burdened with many chil- 
dren," born, doubtless, after the importation of the parents. 

Two years after Paul d' Angola and his companions were brought 
to Manhattan, three negro women arrived — ^in 1627 or 1628. Rev. 
Jonas Michaelius said, in a letter, Aug. 11, 1628, lamenting the 
death of his wife and his inability to get good servants for his 
house, that " the Angola slaves are thievish, lazy and useless 
trash." 

There is no farther record of slaves introduced prior to the 
erection of patroonships, in 1629. At that time it was very diffi- 
cnlt to procure farm laborers. Those brought from Europe were 
brought at great expense and in insufficient numbers; and they 
were soon seduced into the more lucrative and attractive pursuits 



248 NEW YORK STATE LIBUARY 

of the fur trade. Farmers and farm production suffered by reason 
of this want. The West India company depended largely on the 
development of the resources of the New Netherlands and Brazil 
for itfi profits, and sought in every way to encourage trade and 
agriculture in those regions; and one of its most important agen- 
cies, the source of its most lucrative gains, was the slave trade. 
This company, embracing all the Dutch private companies trading 
to Africa and America, was formed in 1(>14. In the four years 
ending in 1623 it imported into Brazil 15,430 blacks to work in 
sugar plantations. Between the years 1623 and 1630, the Dutch 
captured from the Spaniards 2356 negroes. In 1641, they reduced 
Loando, in Africa, and obtained complete control of the slave 
trade. 

In 1629, the company complained that it was "unprovided with 
slaves" in New Netherland. As encouragement and aid to the 
company and the colony, the states general of Holland, in 1630, 
granted certain " freedoms, privileges and exemptions " to ** the 
Lords and Patroons of New Netherland, for the advancement of 
the Incorporated West India Company, and for the benefit of the 
inhabitants of these countries," and decreed, among other things, 
that " the Incorporated West India Company shall allot to each 
Patroon twelve Black men and women out of the prizes in which 
Negroes shall be found, for the advancement of the colonies in 
New Netherland." This declaration was repeated, in substance, 
for several successive years. In 1640, the West India company 
granted " to the Patroons, Masters, or Private persons who will 
plant colonies or introduce cattle in New Netherland,'' *' Free- 
doms and Exemptions" and said: 

The Company shall exert itself to provide the Patroons and 
Colonists, on their order, with as many Blacks as possible, with- 
out, however, being further or longer obligated thereto than shall 
be agreeable. 

In 1644, a commissioner of the "Assembly of the XIX," the 
body controlling the affairs of the company reported. 

And for the advancement of the cultivation of the land there, 
it would not be unwise to allow, at the request of the Patroons, 
Colonists and other farmers, the introduction, from Brazil there, 
of as many Negroes as they would be disposed to pay for at a 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 249 

fair price; which Negroes would accomplish more work for their 
masters, and at a less expense, than farm servants, who must 
be bribed to go thither by a great deal of money and promises. 

In 1648, a " Reeolution of the States General on the opening of 

Trade in New Netherland " declared : 

New Netherland can never be a source of profit for the Com- 
pany, until the population from our country be encouraged more 
than it has hitherto been, which can be effected by allowing them, 
in addition to their present privilege. . .to export from 
Brazil to New Netherland, and not elsewhere, as much merchan- 
dize, fiuch as slaves [etc.] 

It seems that there was tardine^e, or reluctance, on the part of 

the inhabitants, to purchase slaves, and that those introduced 

were chiefly owned and worked, or hired out, by the West India 

company. An effort was made to induce individuals to become 

slave owners. In the **Advice of the Chamber of Accounts of the 

West India Company, delivered at the Hague, the 27 May, 1647," 

is the following: . 

Coming now to the conquests of Brazil and New Netherland, it 
is notorious that all their profit and prosperity must proceed ex- 
clusively from the cultivation of the soil, and this cannot be better 
promoted than by population. It is, indeed, true that the supply 
and abundance of slaves, by whom the tillage of the soil must be 
accomplished, obviates the necessity of a great number of people 
who would otherwise be required for Agriculture. Nevertheless, 
if sluves are to be proi)erly treated, they must have their parti- 
cular owners, each of whom undertakes colonies, plantations and 
farms according to his circumstancf^s and means, and endeavors 
by slave labor to derive therefrom, either for immediate support 
or for exportation, whatever can be a source of profit. 

With all this urging and encouragement, the farmers of New 
Netherland were still indisposed, or, by reason of oppressive re- 
strictions, were unable to purchase slaves; and the company finally 
deemed it profitable to themselves to relax, to a degree, their close 
hold on their trade monopoly, for the promotion of the slave trade 
and, as a consequence of its increase, of agriculture. The value 
of this species of property had doubtless risen, since the price of a 
prime slave, in New Netherland, at this time, was from |100 to 
|150. In the "Advice of the Chamber of Accounts,'' in 1647, re- 
specting New Netherland, it is declared that: 



250 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

With a view, then, to give greater encouragement to Agricul- 
ture, and consequently to population, we should consider it highly 
advantageous that a way be opened to allow them to export their 
produce even to Brazil, in their own vessels. . . By this 
means not only would Brazil be supplied with provisions at a 
cheaper rate, but New Netherland would by slave labor, be more 
extensively cultivated than it has hitherto been, because the agri- 
cultural laborers, who are conveyed thither at great expense to 
the Colonists, sooner or later apply themselves to trade, and 
neglect agriculture altogether. Slaves, on the other hand, being 
brought and maintained there at a cheap rate, various other de- 
scriptions of produce would be raised, and by their abundance be 
reduced in price, so as to allow when occasion would offer, of their 
advantageous exportation hither and to other parts in Europe. 

This "Advice " and other causes resulted, in 1648, in the pas- 
sage of a " Resolution ^' permitting the colonists, provisionally, to 
import slaves directly from Brazil and from Angola in Africa. 
New conditions and regulations were granted in 1652, but the 
terms were not sufficiently encouraging to stimulate this method 
of importation; and it does not appear that the colonists began to 
import slaves under this permission before 1655. 

The first African islave ship arriving in New Netherland, whose 
name is recorded, was the Tamandere, which brought a cargo of 
slaves thither in June 1646. At Barbadoes, where the ship had 
touched on its voyage, " three negro wenches " were spirited 
away. The remainder were safely conducted to New Amsterdam, 
where they were sold. In a querulous " Remonstrance of the 
Deputies from New Netherland, addressed to the States General 
of the United Netherlands," July 28, 1649, this transaction is re- 
ferred to in the following unique style: 

Even the Negroes which were obtained with Tamandere, were 
sold for pork and peas; something wonderful was to be performed 
with this, but they just dripped through th^ fingers. 

An additional grievance was that, 

There are yet sundry other Negroes in this country, some of 
whom [Paul d' Angola and his 10 male companions and their 
wives, and one Jan Francisco, manumitted at the request of " the 
reverend and very learned Dom'e Johannes Megapolensis, minis- 
ter in the Colonie Renselaerwyc", in 1646] have been manumitted 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 251 

on account of their loug service; but their children continue 
slaves, contrary to all public law, that any one born of a free 
Christian mother should, notwithstanding, be a slave, and obliged 
50 to remain. 

The West India company made answer regarding the latter 
part of the remonistrance, Jan. 27, 1650, to the states general 
thus: 

The Company's negroes, taken from the Spaniards, being all 
slaves, were, on account of their long service, manumitted on con- 
dition that their children serve the Company whenever it pleased. 
[A statement quite unlike that of the act of 1644, which declared 
that ** their children at present born or yet to be born, shall be 
bound and obligated to serve the Hon'ble West India Company as 
sl^tves,^-] Of all the children, no more than three are in service, viz., 
one, which Stuyveisant has with him on the Company's bouwerie 
[farm].; one at the house, the Hope; one wench with Martin Krig- 
ier, who hath reared her from a little child, at his own expense. 

It may be reasonably inferred that the company found it unprof- 
itable to work or hire out the " many children " with which the act 
declared the liberated slaves were " burdened." It was doubtless 
more profitable to import directly from Africa or Brazil, or to 
capture from Spanish slave ships, full-grown and able-bodied 
'* blacks", worth in the market the average price of |100 to |150. 

Sec. Tienhoven's answer to the remonstrance, for the directors 
and council, Nov. 29, 1650, was more truthful. He said: 

In regard to the letters of manumission which the Director was 
80 good as to grant to the Negroes who had been the Company's 
slaves; they were set free for their long service, on condition that 
the children remain slaves. 

A New Netherlander having, in 1641, been murdered by a "sav- 
age", the director and council ask whether it is not right to punish 
the murderer, how and when, and by whom. The commonalty 
of New Netherland answer that it is expedient, and that an at- 
tack should be made on the Indians, and add that, 

The Director shall employ hereunto as many of the strongest 
and most active of the Negroes as he can conveniently spare, and 
provide them with a small ax [tommyhawk?] and half pike. 

Sej). 14, 1651, the magistrates of Gravesend petition the direc- 
tors at Amsterdam: 



252 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

We most humbly request your Honors to expend in Negroes or 
Blacks, whatever means you, in your wisdom, will deem prudent 
. . . on condition of our paying you for the same whatever 
price you will order. We humbly conceive that your Honors will 
thereby have double profits: first, from what we shall pay for 
those Negroes; secondly, from the Tenths. 

Jan. 20, 1664, the chamber at Amsterdam (directors of the West 

India company) send word to the director and council of New 

. Netherland that they have made a contract with Symen Gilde to 

bring a cargo of slaves in the ship GUlvon from Loango, on the 

coast of Africa, and add : 

As these slaves are sent solely to be employed in Agriculture, 
which is the only means whereby this State can be rendered 
flourishing, we expect and require most expressly that the afore- 
said Slaves mufit be sold there to our inhabitants on express con- 
dition that they shall not be taken beyond our district, but kept 
specially there and be employed in husbandry, so that the great 
expense we are incurring herein may not be in vain, but the fruits 
we promise ourselves therefrom be abundantly reaped. The ship 
may arrive next June or July with about 300 slaves, according to 
our calculation. As your honors will possibly be bravely assisted 
by this supply, you will, therefore, be careful that the third part 
at leaist of the proceeds of the Company's Slaves shall be sent 
hither in Beavers, in order to be able, on the arrival of said ship, 
to pay the freight or the greater part thereof, according to con- 
tract. Otherwise, we shall lose all desire to continue supply- 
ing Slaves. Your Honors are, then, to pay particular attention 
to this matter. 

This ship Qideon and its cargo of slaves play a conspicuous part 
in the surrender of New Amsterdam to the English frigates, in 
September of that year. 

The following m an extract from a resolution adopted at the 
meeting of the director general and council of New Netherlands 
Saturday, May 31, 1664 : 

Agreed with Captain Thomas Willet that he will procure for us 
on account of the Hon. Compan}-, if he can, a quantity of pork and 
beef equal to 600 Ibr?., the beef at 4, and the pork at 5 stivers the 
pound, payable in Negroes at such price as maj' be agreed on: in 
case of not agreeing, in beaver or goods, beaver price. 

July 8, 1664, Petrus Stuyvesant, director of New Netherland, 
in soliciting a loan from LaMontagne and VanBensselaer, says: 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 253 

The obligation to be executed may assure you that this will be- 
reimbursed ^tiefactoriJy either in good Negroes or other goods, in 
case the gracious God, as we hope and wish, will grant a favorable 
result. 

In SeptemlK^r 1G()4: New Amsterdam was invaded by the 
English and the province of New Netherland was surrendered to 
them. The name was changed to New York, and English laws 
were promulgated. Dutch supremacy and rule in the colony ended 
for nine years, at the end of which, in 1673, it was captured by 
Holland, but it was restored to England by treaty in 1674. 

Peter Stuyvesant's register of events attending this attack 
and surrendered in 1664, savs: 

The English chased and overhauled a boat with Negroes be- 
longing to the Burgomasters of the city of Amsterdam, in Hol- 
land, but the Negroes had fled with a Dutchman into the woods. 

The West India company passed severe criticism on the con- 
duct of Stuyvesant in making so poor defense of New Amster- 
dam. In his answer to the states general, in 1666, he says, in 
accounting for the limited food supply which was one of the 
causes of the surrender: 

About 14 to 16 days before the arrival of the [Englifih] 
frigates, there arrived and came, in the ship Oideon, between 3 
and 400 half-starved Negroes and Negresses who alone, exclu- 
sive of the garrison, required one hundred skepels [75 bushels] 
of wheat per week. 

With the fateful arrival of "between 3 and 400 half -starved 
Negroes and Negresses" I close this sketch of the history — made 
by their own records — of negro slavery in New York under the 
Dutch. There are two small, faint gleams of light in the dark 
picture, the manumission of the first old slaves, who had 
served the company faithfully for *^many years," and had "been 
long since promised their freedom," but were liberated under 
hard conditions that made the gift well nigh worthless, and 
the fierce indignation of the "plain people" when the children 
of these manumitted slaves were, in violation of the promise, 
retained as slaves. Aside from these two facts, there is noth- 
ing to indicate the faintest trace of sympathy or pity for these 



254 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

men and women stolen from Africa, survivors of the horrors of 
the slave ship, and bondmen in a strange land and uncongenial 
clime. It must, however, be said that throughout the 38 or 39 
years of slavery under the Dutch, the West India company 
were the introducers, and in large part, perhaps, the owners of' 
the slaves, and that they practically forced slavery on the peo- 
ple. Behind the institution was the inordinate greed of a soul- 
less corporation. 

It ought further to be said, that during the Dutch period 
slavery was of a milder type than during the English period. 
In Williams's History of the negro racCy p. 139, it is said: 

Most of the slaves in the province of New York, from the 
time when they were first introduced, down to 1664, had been 
the property of the West India company. As such they had 
small plots of land to work for their own benefit, and were not 
without hope of emancipation some day. But under the Eng- 
lish government the condition of the slave was clearly defined 
by law and one of great hardships. 

SLAVERY UNDER THE ENGLISH 

FROM 1664 TO 1776 — 112 years 

When the English took possession of New Netherland, in 1664, 
and made it the English colony of New York, they found negro 
slavery firmly established in the newly acquired country. They 
were by no means unfamiliar with slavery, or innocent of its 
wrong. The West India company had its counterpart under the 
English flag and English protection in the Royal African com- 
pany. The brave but notorious Englishman, John Hawkins, 
made three voyages, in 1562, 1564 and 1567, to the coast of 
Ouinea as a slave trader, and was afterward knighted. In the 
English colonies generally slavery prevailed. The Duke of York, 
afterwards King James 2, to whom the new acquisition was 
granted by his royal brother, and after whom New York was 
named, was president of the Royal African company and directly 
interested in the profits of the slave trade in which it was en- 
gaged. 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 255 

The English authorities, unlike the Dutch, mingled a little 
piety with their slave trade and slaveholding. But the piety did 
not so much mitigate the evils of the system as give opportunity 
for exploiting religion in a harmless and ineffectual way. As 
early as Dec. 1, 1660, the English government gave these instruc- 
tions to the Council for foreign plantations: 

You are most especially to take an effectual care of the propo- 
gacon of the Gospell in the Severall Forraine Plantacons . . . 
And vou are to consider how such of the Natives or such as are 
purchased by you from other parts to be servants or slaves may 
be best invited to the Christian Faith, and be made capable of 
being baptized thereunto; it being to the honor of our Crowne 
and of the Protestant Religion that all persons in any of our 
Dominions should be taught the knowledge of God, and be made 
acquainted with the misteries of Salvation. 

For 20 years there was no legislation respecting slavery in New 
York. The first law of the English colony containing the word 
"slave" was *'A Bill against Fugitive Servants and the Entayners 
of Them," passed Oct. 22, 1684, which related chiefly to "serv- 
ants.- • It contained the following reference to slaves: 

BEE itt further enacted by the authority aforesaid that who- 
soever shall knowingly Transport or Contrive the Transportation 
of any Apprentice Servant or Slave or by any ways aideing or 
assisting or abetting thereunto and be thereof Lawfully con- 
victed shall b(^ fincHi for ever}' such otTence five pounds Current 
money of this province for ye use of ye County and make full 
Satisfaction to the Master or Mistresse of Such Apprentice 
Servant, or Slave for all Costs Charges and Damages which the 
said Master or Mistresse can make appear to have Thereby 
susteined . . . that if any person whatsoever shall entertaine or 
afford any manner of relief or sustenance to any Servant Ap- 
prentice or Slave knowing thatt the said Servant Apprentice or 
Slave hath absented himself from his Master or Mistresse with- 
out their I^eave and be thereof Lawfully Convicted shall pay to 
the Master or Mistresse of such Servant Ten Shillings for every 
dayes entertainment and Concealment and be amerced for the 
use of the County for every Such offence five pounds Current 
money aforesaid. 

Two days later, Oct. 24, 1684, was passed "A Bill Concerning 
Masters servants Slaves Labourers and Apprentices." The parts 
of the bill affecting slaves are as follows: 



:256 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Be it Enacted by this General assembly and by the authority 
of ye same that no servant or slave either Male or Female shall 
either Give Sell or Truck any Gomodity Whatsoever during ye 
Time of their service under ye penalty of such Corporall 
punishm't as shall be Ordered to be Inflicted by Warrant under 
ye hands of two Justices of ye Peace of the County where ye 
said servant or Slave doth Reside and if any person whatsoever 
shall buy of Receive from or Truck with any servant or slave 
Contrary to this law they shall be Compelled by Warrant as 
aforesaid to Restore ye said Comodityes so bought Received or 
Truck'd for to ye m't of such serv't or slaA^e & fforfeit for every 
such offence ye sunime of ffive Pounds Currant money of ye 
Country to be levyed by distresse by Warrant under ye hands of 
two Justices of ye Peace as aforesaid And if any person what- 
soever shall Creditt or Trust any servant or slave for Clothes 
Drinke or any other Comodity whatsoever ye said person shall 
loose his Debt & be for ever Debarred from maintayning any 
suit att Law against ye said servant or slave for any matter or 
thing so Trusted a^ aforesaid. 

Be it Further Enacted by the authority aforesaid that if any 
servant or slave shall Run away from their Master or Dame 
every Justice of Peace within this Province is hereby Authorized 
and Impowered to grant Hue and Cry after the said Servant or 
slave ye Master or Dame having ffirst given in Security for ye 
Paym't of ye Charges that shall thereby accrew and all Con- 
stables and Inferior officers are hereby strictly required and Com- 
manded authorized & Impowered to presse Men horses Bt^ates or 
Pinnaces to pursue such persons by sea or Land and to make Dili- 
gent Hue and Cry as by the Law is required. 

The instructions to Gov. Dongan, by his Majesty's command, 
May 29, 1686, contained the following: 

You shall pass a law for the restraining of Inhuman Severitys 
which by all masters or overseers may be used toward their 
Christian servants, or slaves, wherein provision is to be. made 
that ye wilful killing of Indians and Kegros may be punished 
with death, and that a fit penalty bee imposed for the maiming 
of them. 

You are alsoe with the assistance of our Council to find out the 
best means to facilitate and encourage the Conversion of Negros 
& Indians to the Christian Religion. 

But Gov. Dongan, reporting to **My Lords" on the state of 
the province of New York, says on this point: "It is the en- 
deavor of all persons here to bring up their Children & Servants 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 257 

in that opinion which themselves profess; but this I observe, 
that thev take no care of the conversion of their Slaves." 

The instructions given to Gov. Dongan were repeated to Gov. 
Andros, in 1688, "to find out the best means to facilitate and 
encourage the conversion of Negros and Indians to the Chris- 
tian Religion." These instructions were also given, in the same 
words, to Gov. Henry Sloughter, in 1689, to Gov. Benjamin 
Fletcher in 1691-90, to the governor, the earl of Bellomont, in 
1697, and to Gov. Robert Hunter in 1709; and then the home 
government seems to have rested from its labors in this direc- 
tion. 

The religious temper of the local authorities, in respect to 
these authoritative exhortations, is revealed in the report made 
by the earl of Bellomont to the lords of trade, Ap. 27, 1699, 
as follows: 

A Bill for facilitating the conA-ersion of Indians and Negros 
(which the King's instructions require should be endeavored to 
be passed) would not go down with the Assembly; they having 
a notion that the Negros being converted to Christianity would 
emancipate them from their slavery, and loose them from their 
service, for they have no other servants in this country but 
Negros. 

This "notion" of the effect of the conversion of a slave, and 
also that his baptism would liberate him, prevailed from an 
early period; and it required positive legislation to remove this 
belief, which effectually hindered the work of evangelization 
among the slaves. The legal marriage of slaves was suspected 
of having the same effect. A British attorney general had 
given the official opinion that negroes, being pagans, might 
justly be held in slavery. The British courts followed this 
opinion till, in 1772, Lord Mansfield rendered his judgment in 
the Somerset case, that by the laws of England no man could be 
held in slavery, in England. As late as 1817, when the last im- 
portant act in regard to slavery was passed in New York, which 
substantially abolished slavery after July 4, 1827, it was en- 
acted that the marriage of slaves should be valid, '^provided 
that nothing in this section contained shall be deemed or con- 



258 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

strued to manumit any such slave or slaves." And the same 
act declared, in respect to all slaves, "that the baptizing of any 
such slave shall not be deemed a manumission of such slave/' 
This was a repetition of numerous enactments, from an early 
period, to the same effect — such was the persistency of the old 
idea in one form or another (prevailing also in the Roman law), 
that one Christian could not, under the law of his religion, hold 
another Christian in slavery. The simple-minded slaveholders 
of that day would have been greatly relieved in their consciences 
and retained their evangelized property in sweeter peace, could 
they have had the teaching of certain northern doctors of di- 
vinity of the days when northern politics and religion united in 
subserviency to the south in the effort to "preserve the Union." 

Returning now to the chronologic history of slavery in New 
York under English rule, we find Gov. Andros answering cer- 
tain inquiries from the government, in April 1678, to the effect 
that there were "but few servants, much wanted, and but very 
few slaves;" that "some few slaves are sometimes brought from 
Barbadoes;" and that there are "but few slaves proportionable 
to freemen." There is probably no record of the number of 
slaves in the province at that period, the earliest report being 
in 1698, when the number was 2170. 

The petition of Capt. Christopher Billop to the king of Eng- 
land, December 1685, shows that he captured a ship, "which 
ship and Neagroes with all that belonged to her was condemned 
in the Admiralty Court at Nassau for trading to Guiney con- 
trary to his Maj'ts charter granted the Royall Affrican Com- 
pany," which had a monopoly of that trade, including the slave 
trade. 

M. de Denonville, governor of Canada — "New France" — 
writes, June 5, 1686, to Gov. Dongan, of New York, a most 
polite and friendly letter, in which, among other things, he says: 

One of your officers, the Clergyman of Kannestaly [Schenec- 
tady], demands of me two negro slaves who have deserted and 
whom he believes to have come hither. I had them looked for 
everywhere. I assure you that they are not here, and, should 
they turn up in the colony, that I will in good faith have them 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 259 

bound and manacled to be sent to you, hoping that you will do 
likewise. 

This shows that runaway slaves began at an early date to fly 
to Canada for freedom; and that the principle of *^ reciprocity " 
is not of recent introduction. 

Some system of slaveholding existed among the Indian tribes, 
a glimpse of which we have in the answers of the Five Nations 
to Gov. Fletcher, in the city hall at Albany, July 4, 1693, in which 
thev sav: 

Wee desire you may not be disturbed when any of our prison- 
ers who are our slaves doe misbehave themselves, for it shall 
never be countenanced by us but all proper methods shall be 
taken to prevent the like misbehaviors for the future. 

The use of slaves by the Dutch as soldiers in the pursuit of 
Indians guilty of murder, has been referred to. The English, 
apparently, also contemplated the employment of slaves as sol- 
diers. The governor, the earl of Hellomont, writes to the lords 
of trade, Ap. 17, 1699: 

But rather than require more soldiers from England ... I 
should advise the sending for negros to Guinea, which I under- 
stand are bought there and brought hither all charges what- 
ever being borne for 10 pounds apiece New York money, and I 
can cloath and feed 'em very comfortably for 9 pence a piece pr 
day sterling money, which is 3 pence per day less than I require 
for soldiers. 

The voyaging for slaves extended as far as to Madagascar. 
Says John Key, Mar. 11, 1700, in his "Heads of Accuaations 
against the earl of Bellomont": " 'Tis true that severall 
ships have had a constant trade to Madagascar for Ne- 
groes." And it is elsewhere mentioned that a ship took 
a new commission at Barbadoes "and was thence sent 
for Negros to Madagascar." The earl of Bellomont, in 1700, 
says he searched a ship, and " there was nothing found but a par- 
cel of Negros, & the trade for Negros to Madagascar was not then 
under a prohibition, nor the E. India Act passed in England." A 
report by the collector taken from the customhouse books, shows 
that in 1720, 117 slaves were imported by priyate traders from 
Madagascar. 



260 NEW YOBK STATE LIBRARY 

As has been stated, the first acts passed by the English in the 
colony of New York, mentioning or recognizing slavery or its ex- 
istence in the province, were passed Oct. 22 and 24, 1684. The 
next act mentioning slaves was passed May 1, 1702, entitled " An 
Act for paying the Debtis of this Government made in the time of 
the late happy Revolucon/* Incidentally, in the very long act, 
there is levied 

Upon the goods Wares and Merchandizes hereinafter menconed 
in manner & form following (That is to say) Upon every Negro op 
Indian Slave Imported in this Province from their own Countries 
flifteen shillings upon every Negro or Indian Slave not dii'ectly 
Imported as aforemenconed Thirty shillings, upon every Barrell 
of Mackerell or ffish Imported into this province Eighteen pence 
[etc.] 

But the first important legislation on the subject was " An Act 
for Regulateing of Slaves", passed Nov. 27, 1702. After reenact- 
ing the provisions against trading with slaves, it is 

Further Enacted by the authority aforesaid. That hereafter it 
shall and may be lawful for any Master or Mistress of slaves to 
punish their slavesfor theirCriraes and and offences att Discretion, 
not extending to life or Member. And for as much as the Num- 
ber of slaves in the Citty of New York and Albany, and also in 
other Towns within this Province, doth daily increase, and that 
they have been found oftentimes guilty of (Confederating together 
in running away, or other ill practices, Be it therefore Enacted 
by the authority aforesaid, That it shall not hereafter be lawful 
for above three Slaves to meet together att any one time, nor at 
any other place, than when it shall happen they meet in some ser- 
vile Imploym't for their Master's or Mistress's proflG[tt,and by their 
Master or Mistress consent, upon penalty of being whipt upon 
the naked back, at discretion of any Justice of the Peace, not ex- 
ceeding fforty Lashes. And that it shall and may be lawful here- 
after for any City or Town w'thin this Province; to have and ap- 
point a Common Whipper for their slaves, And for this sallary, 
itt shall and may be lawful for any City or Town within thift Prov- 
ince, att their Comon Council or Town meeting, to agree upon 
such sum to be paid him by the Master or Mistress of slaves per 
head, as they shall think fit, not exceeding three shillings P head, 
for all such slaves as shall be whipt, as aforesaid. 

And in case any slave presume to assault or strike any flPree- 
man or Woman professing Christianity, it shall be in the power 
of any two Justices of the peace, who by this Act are thereunto 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 261 

authorized, to Comitt such slave to Prison, not exceeding four- 
teen days for one fact, and to inflict such other Corporal punish- 
m't (not extending to life or limb) upon him, her, or them so of- 
fending, as to tsaid Justices shall seem meet and reasonable. 

And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no 
person or persons whatsoever do hereafter Imploy, harbour, Con- 
ceal, or entertain other mens slaves at their house, out-house or 
Plantation, without the Consent of their Master or Mistress either 
signifyed to them verbally or by Certificate in writing, under the 
Said Master or Mistress hand, upon fforfeiture of five pounds for 
every night or day, to the Master or Mistress of such slaves, So 
that the penalty do not excuse the value of Said slave; and if any 
person or persons whatsoever shall be found guilty of harbouring, 
entertaining or Concealing of any slave, or assisting to the Con- 
veying of them away, if such slave shall thereupon be lost, dead, 
or otherwise destroyed, such person or persons So harbouring, en- 
tertaining, concealing, assisting or Conveying of them away, shall 
be also lyable to pay the. value of Such slave to the Master or 
Mistress, to be recovered by action of debt, in manner aforesaid. 
And whereas slaves are the property of Christians, and cannot 
without great loss or detriment to their Masters or Mistresses, 
be subjected in all cases Criminal, to the strict Rules of the Laws 
of England, [Death penalty for many minor offenses] Bee it En- 
acted by the Authority aforesaid, That hereafter if any slave by 
Theft or other Trespass shall damnifie any p^on or p'sons to the 
value of five pounds, or under, the Master or Mistress of such 
slave shall be lyable to make satisfaction for such damage to the 
party injured, to be recovered by action of Debt in any Court have- 
ing Jurisdiction and Cognizance of Pleas to that value, and the 
slave shall receive Corporal Punishment, at Discretion of a Jus- 
lice of the peace, and immediately thereafter be permitted to at- 
tend his Master or Mistress service, without further punish- 
ment. And it is further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
hereafter no slave shall be allowed good evidence in any matter. 
Cause or thing whatsoever, excepting in Cases of Plotting or Con- 
federacy amongst themselves, either to run away, kill or destroy 
their Master or Mistress, or burning of houses, or barnes or bar- 
racks of Corn, or the killing of their Master's or Mistress's Cattle 
and that against one another, in w'ch case the Evidence of one 
slave shall be allowed good against another slave. 

Provided that this Act shall be and continue in force only for 
one year from the publication thereof and no longer. 

The act was revived, Aug. 4, 1705, for seven years, and was re- 
pealed later. 
"AN ACT for Prohibiting the Distilling of Rum and burning of 



262 NEW lORK STATE LIBRARY 

Oysters oyster Shells or Stone into Lime within the City of New 
york or within half a miles distance of the City Hall of the said 
City," parsed June 19, 1703, contained the following: 

And if any slave Labourer or other Servant or hireling shall be 
guilty of the breach of this Act in any the particulars therein 
named and become liable to any the forfeitures aforesaid That 
then and in Such Case the Master, Mistresse, owner, hirer or Im- 
ployer of such slave or servant so guilty as aforesaid respectively 
shall pay the said fforfeitures, for such slave Servant or hireling 
aforesaid, & shall be lyable to such Suite & Action for the same 
as aforesaid any thing herein Conteined to ye Contrary thereof 
in any wise notwithstanding. 

The next legislation regarding slaves which treated of them 
solely, and which indicates the growing evils that the act seeks to 
remedy was "An Act to prevent the running away of Negro 
Slaves out of the Citty and County of Albany to the French at 
Canada." (Passed Aug. 4, 1705). It is interesting enough to 
quote in full: 

WHEREAS the Citty and County of Albany are the ffrontiera 
of this Province towards the ffrench of Canada and that it is of 
great Concerns to this CoUony dureing this time of warr with the 
ffrench that no Intelligence be Carryed from the said City and 
County to the French at Cannada AND WHEREAS the Justices 
of the Peace for the said Citty and County at a Court of Sessions 
held at the City Hall of the said Citty of Albany On the flftf th day 
of June of This present year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 
Hundred & ffive did recomend to the Representatives of the said 
Citty and County to lay before the Assembly of this Province 
now Conveened the ifears and Jealousies they have that Several 
Negro Slaves belonging to the Inhabitants there have a design 
to leave their respective Owners and go to the ffrench at Cannada 
as Some have already done which has and would be to the great 
loss & detriment of the Owner or Owners of Such Negro Slave or 
Slaves and also of very pernicious Consequence to the whole 
province. ALL which being Considered by the General Assembly 
BE IT ENACTED and if is hereby Enacted by his Excellency 
the Governour Councill and Assembly And by the Authority of 
the Same that all and every Negro Slave or Slaves belonging to 
any of the Inhabitants of the Citty and County of Albany who 
Shall from and after the flfirst day of August of this present year 
of our Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and flftve be ffound 
Travelling fforty Miles above the Citty of Albany at or above a 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 263 

Certain place called Sarachtoge (unless in Company of his her 
or their Master Mistress or Such Employed by them or either of 
them.j And be thereof Convicted by the Oaths of Two or More 
Credible Witnesses before ye Court of Sessions of the Peace of 
the said Citty and County (which Court of Sessions are hereby 
Authorized and Empowered to hear and determine the Same in 
manner aforesaid and thereupon to award Execution) he She or 
they so convicted shall Suffer the paines of Death as in cases of 
jBfellony, AND be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid 
that all & every Negro Slave or Slaves belonging to any of the 
Inhabitants of the Citty and County aforesaid who after the ffirst 
day of August aforesaid Shall be found offending against this 
Act he she or they is or are to be Imediately Conveyed to the next 
Justice of the Peace of the Said County and be by him Committed 
to Goale without Bail or Mainprise untill he she or they be thence 
deliA-ered by due Course of Law and the said Justice of the Peace 
is hereby required to give Or send Imediate Notice thereof unto 
the owner or Owners of Such Slave or Slaves to the end Such 
Owner or Owners do within Two days next and after the Receipt 
of Such notice appeare before some Justice of the Peace of the 
Said County and nominate One or more indifferent persons to Ap- 
praise and value the Negro Slave or Slaves So taken and Commit- 
ted as aforesaid And the Said Justice of the Peace is hereby re- 
quired and Empowered to Nominate and appoint as many more 
indifferent persons to Joyn with the persons Nominated by the 
Owner or Owners of Such Slave or Slaves to returne their Ap- 
praisement to the Justice aforesaid under their hands and Seals 
within Two days next and After their being nominated and Ap- 
pointed which Said Appraisment so made the Said Justice of the 
Peace is to Returne the Same to the next Court of Sessions and 
if Such Negro Slave or Slaves Offending in Manner aforesaid be 
thereof Convicted and Executed for the Same the Said Court of 
sessions is hereby directed and Impowered to Cause the Summ of 
the Appraisement of Said Negro Slave or Slaves together with 
the Charges of prosecution Provided the Said prosecution doth 
not Exceed Tenn pounds to be Rated Assessed and levyed on all 
and every person & persons having Slave or Slaves within the 
Said Citty and Coun^ in Such ways and manners as other pub- 
lick Charges of the said Citty and County are levyed PRO- 
VIDED allways the Same be Assessed levyed Collected and paid 
to the Treasurer of the Said Countv within Three months next 
and after ye Execution of Such Slave or Slaves and the Said 
Treasurer is hereby directed within Eight days next & after his 
Receipt thereof out of the Said moneys so to him paid to defray 
the Charges of the prosecution not Exceeding Tenn pounds as 



264 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

aforesaid and pay to the Owner or Owners of Such Slave or 
Slaves the full Value Such Slave or Slaves were Appraised 
for, whose Receipt Shall be his Sufficient discharge and that 
no difference ma^^ ari«e Concerning the Value of the Slave 
or Slaves for whom the Owners are to pay in manner afore- 
said BEE IT ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid the 
Negro Slave or Slaves in the Citty and County aforesaid when 
any Such Accident shall happen are to be Rated and Assessed 
at the Rates and prises hereinafter Exprest that is to say, Every 
Negro Slave male or Female from the Age of ffifteen Years and 
upwards being fitt for Service at Thirty pounds And if any dif- 
ference do arise whether any Negro be fitt for Service the Same 
is to be Adjudged by the next Justice of the Peace And be it 
ffurther ENACTED by the authority aforesaid That the Respec- 
tive Court of Sessions and Justices of the Citty and County 
aforesaid are hereby fully Empowered and Authorized to Cause 
this Act to be put in Execution Any Law Usage or Custom to 
the Contrary hereof Notwithstanding PROVIDED always that 
this Act and every article & charge therein contained Shall only 
be of force dureing this present warr with the French and no 
longer. 

PROVIDED also that this Act nor any Clause therein Con- 
teined Shall be Construed to Exempt the Negro Slaves of the 
Said Citty and County from the Penaltys for other his her op 
their offences mentioned in an Act of Assembly made in the ffirst 
year of her Majesties Reign Entituled an Act for Regulating 
Slaves any thing to the Contrary hereof notwithstanding. 

The last preceding paragraph refers to the act passed Nov. 27, 
1702; and on the same dav that act was revived and continued 

for seven vears more. 

%■ 

"An Act to Incourage the Baptizing of Negro, Indian and 
Mulatto Slaves" was passed Oct. 21, 1706, as follows: 

WHEREAS divers of her Maties good Subjects, Inhabitants 
of this Colony now are and have been willing that such Negro, 
Indian and Mulatto Slaves who belong to them and desire the 
same, should be Baptized, but are deterr'd and hindered there- 
from by reason of a Oroundh^iJ^ opinion that hath spread itself 
in this Colony, that by the Baptizing of such Negro, Indian or 
Mulatto slave they would become free and ought to be sett at 
Liberty. In order therefore to put an end to all such Doubts and 
Scruples as have or hereafter at any time may arise about the 
same. BE it Enacted bv the Governr Council and Assembly and 
it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the same. That the Bap- 



SLAVERY IX NRW YORK 265 

tizing of any Negro, Indian or Mulatto Slave shall not be any 
Cause or reason for the setting them or any of them at Liberty. 

And be it declared and Enacted by the Governr, Council & 
Assembly and by the Authority of the same. That all and every 
Negro, Indian Mulatto and Mestee Bastard Child & Children who 
is, are, and shalbe bom of any Negro, Indian, Mulatto or Mestee, 
shall follow ye State and Condition of the Mother & be esteemed 
reputed taken & adjudged a Slave & Slaves to all intents & pur- 
poses whatsoever. 

Provided, always & be it declared & Enacted by ye said 
Authority That no slave whatsoever in this Colony shall att imy 
time be admitted as a Witness for, or against, any Freeman, in 
any Case matter or Cause, Civill or Criminal whatsoever. 

In "An Act for Suppressing of Immorality", passed Sep. 18, 
1708, white persons were to be fined for "drunkenness, cursing 
or swearing" in the sum of three shillings for each offense or to 
be committed to the stocks for the space of four hours for 
drunkenness, and for two hours for cursing or swearing. 

And every Negro, Indian or other Slave that shall be found 
gillty of any of the abovesaid facts or talke Impudently to any 
Christian Shall Suffer So many Stripes at some publick place as 
the Justice of the Peace in such place where such offence is Com- 
mitted Shall think fit: not exceeding forty Any Law Custorae or 
usage to the Contrary hereof in any ways not withstanding. 

There were still other and more serious results arising out of 
the relations existing. Lord Cornbury reports to the board of 
trade, Feb. 10, 1707-8: 

A most barbarous murder has been committed upon the family 
of one Hallet by an Indian man slave, and a Negro woman, who 
have murdered their Master, Mistress and five children. The 
slaves were taken, and I immediately issued a special commission 
for the Tryal of them, which was done, and the man sentenced to 
be hanged, and the Woman burnt, and they have been executed. 
They discovered two other Negros their accomplices who have 
been tryed, condemned & executed. 

This murder caused the enactment of the most severe legisla- 
tion yet on the statute books of the colony. It was entitled "An 
Act for preventing the Conspiracy of Slaves ", pasfied Oct. 30, 
1708. The state of apprehension is clearly shown in the opening 
paragrax>h of the act: 



266 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

BEE it Enacted by the Govenr Councill and Assembly and it 
is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same, that all and 
every Negro Indian or other Slave or Slaves within this Colony 
who at any time after the Execrable and Barberons Murder 
comitted on the Person and family of William Hallet Junr late 
of New Town in Queens County Gentleman Deceased have has or 
shall Murder or otherwise Kill unles bv Mi^^adveuture or in 
execution of Justice or Conspire or attempt the Death of his her 
or their Master or Mistress or any other of her Majesties Leige 
People not being Negroes Mulattos or Slaves within this Colony 
and shall thereof be Ijawfully Convicted before three or more of 
her Majesties Justices of the Peace One whereof to be of the 
Quorum who are hereby authorized and Empowered to hear and 
determine the same and put their Judgments in Execution ac- 
cording to this Act or before any Court of Oyer and Terminer or 
Generall Goal Delivery he she or they so offending shall Suffer 
the paines of Death in such manner and with such Circumstances 
as the aggrevation and Enormity of their Crime in the Judgment 
of the Justices aforesaid of those Courts shall merit and require. 

Then followed this provision, making a general law of com- 
pensation for executed slaves: 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the 
Owner or Owners of Such Negro or Indian Slave or Slaves to be 
Executed by Virtue of this Act shall be paid for the same in like 
manner and under the same Regulations as is declared in and by 
an Act of the Generall Assemblv of this Colonv made in the 
fourth year of her Majesties Reigu. Eutituled an Act to Prevent 
the running away of Negro Slaves out of the Citty and County 
of Albanv to the French at Canada Provided the Value of such 
Slaves shall not exceed the price of Twenty five Pounds Lawful! 
money of this Colony, nor the Charges of prosecution above fire 
Pounds. 

By an act passed Sep. 24, 1709. for " Laying a Duty on the 
Tonnage of Vessels and Slaves ", it was enacted that. 

There shall be Collected and paid to Her Ma'ty, Her Heirs & 
Successors from and after the Publication hereof, the Duty & 
Imperii tion of Three pounds for every Negro that shall be Im- 
ported into this Colony not directly from Affrica, & Three 
Pounds for everv other Slave or Slaves that shall not be di- 
rectly Imported into this Colony not directly from Affrica. 

In the royal instructions to Gov. Hunter, Dec. 27. 1700, were 
the following: 

And as we are willing to recommend unto the said Company 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 267 

[the Royal African company] that the said Province may have 
a constant and sufficient supply of Merchantable Negroes at 
moderate prices, in money or Commodities, so you are to take 
especial care that Payment be duly made, and within a com- 
petent time according to their Agreements. . . 

And we do further expressly command and require you to 
give unto us and to our Commissioners for Trade and Planta- 
tions an account every half year of what number of Negroes the 
eaid Province is supplied with, that is what number by the 
African Company and what by seperate traders and at what 
rates sold. 

Then follow the usual instructions to procure the passage of 
laws preventing cruelty to slaves, and directions to find out 
means to Christianize the Negroes and Indians. 

In the same year an act was passed in which a tax was levied 
on slaves, and for that purpose it was directed that an enumera- 
tion should be made. Stringent provisions were also made for 
the enforcement of the duties on imported slaves. 

A curious revelation is made in Gov. Hunter's report to the 
Lords of trade, in 1710, in which he says he has passed and 
transmits, among others, '^\n Act to repeal a clause in an Act 
against Counterfeiting and Clipping foreign, coin," etc., "which", 
he says, "is only intended to prevent their slaves from stealing 
their Household Plate to clip." 

"An Act for laying an Excise on all Strong Liquors Retailed in 
this Colony,'^ passed Oct. 30, 1710, contained this clause: 

And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, that no 
Retailer of Strong Liquors within this Colony shall Sell any 
Strong Liquors to any Negro or Indian Slave under the penalty 
of Forty Shillings for every such offence, 

Numerous acts were passed, from time to time, for the taxa- 
tion of slaves and the imposition and collection of duties; but 
they contain nothing of special interest beyond what has already 
been given. 

In the summer of 1712, occurred the " Conspiracy of Slavee ", 
in the city of New York, which caused great fear and constern- 
ation and inspired the whites to acts and legislation more 
cruel than had ever before been adopted or contemplated. 



268 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Gov. Hunter, in his report to the Lords of trade, June 23, 1712, 
gives the facts in great detail. In brief, as stated by him, they 
were as follows: There was a conspiracy of the slaves to de- 
stroy the whites. A fire was set to a house, to call them to- 
gether. **Above nine Christians were killed, and about five or 
six were wounded.'' The troops were called out. The slaves 
retreated to the woods, but. were "hunted out" the next day. All 
the conspirators were discovered. Six committed suicide; the 
rest were captured and brought to trial. 27 were condemned, 
and 21 executed. One being a woman with child, her execution 
was suspended. Some were burnt; others were hanged; one 
was broke on the wheel; one was hung alive in chains in the 
town. Some others apprehended were acquitted, and some 
were recommended for pardon. 

At this period, there were, in the five counties in which lists 
were procured, 10,511 "Christians" and 1775 slaves. What 
drove these few slaves to such desperation as to engage in an 
uprising against vastly superior numbers, is not known. It can 
only be surmised. 

A generation later, in 1741, another uprising (fio-called) of the 
slave population in New York, even more serious than the one 
described, occurred, and was accompanied by an attempt to burn 
the town. The facte will be given later. 

The conspiracy of 1712 greatly excited the fears and inflamed 
the passions of the people. They demanded severer laws; they 
obstructed the pardon of those whom the governor had re- 
prieved; they sought convictions of those acquitted. Gov. Hun- 
ter, in his letter, at this time, to the Lords of trade, refers to 
"the Negro Act, which tho' much mitigated in its severities by 
the Council's amendments, I am apt to believe, your Lordships 
will still think too severe, but after the late barbarous attempt 
of some of their slaves, nothing less could please the people." 

He mentions one negro who, "twice acquitted by two dif- 
ferent juries of the mofJt credible and substantial of the inhabi- 
tants here " was ** tried again at the Supeme Court where he 
[the prosecuting attorney] found a jury tractable to his pur- 



SLAVERY IX NEW YORK 209 

pose, where he was found guilty/' He adds, referring to his re- 
prieves and recommendations to pardon, "I solemnly protest to 
your Lordships that in what I have done, I have had no view 
but to save innocent blood/' And several months later, Sep. 
10, 1713, in writing to Sec. Popple, of the home government, he 
was etill solicitious for the " innocent blood ", and says: 

There was an omission in the Pardon of the Negroes, for be- 
sides the three which her Majesty [Queen Anne] has been 
pleased to pardon there were other two, vizt., Tom, a Negro be- 
longing to Rip Van Dam E^q., and Coffee, a Negro belonging to 
Mr. Walton, who were recommended by the Bench itself as 
proper objects of Mercy, there being no manner of convincing 
evidence against them, and nothing but the blind fury of a 
people much provoked could have condemned them, they lye 
still in Prison. . . There is likewise a Negro woman who was in- 
deed privy to the conspiracy, but pleading her belly, was re- 
prieved; she is since delivered, but in a woful condition ever 
since, and I think has suffered more than death by her long im- 
prisonment. If their Lordships think fit to include her, I should 
be pleased, for there has been much blood shed already on that 
account, I am afraid too much, and the people are now easy. 

One may venture to hoj)e that the man who wrote this mes- 
sage of mercy found mercy himself when he needed it most. 

The act referred to by. Gov. Hunter was entitled **An Act for 
preventing, Suppressing and punishing the Conspiracy and Insur- 
rection of Negroes and other slaves-', and w as passed Dec. 10, 1712. 
It is very long, very verbose, reenacts most existing laws respect- 
ing slaves, and contains many *^ whereases"; and it is worth w^hile 
to give only the substance of the act, which might be termed ** a 
slave code," as follows: 

1 Trade with slaves is forbidden, under penalty of triple the 
value of the thing traded for and £5 to the master or mistress; and 
all contracts with slaves are void. 

2 Masters may punish their slaves for crimes and offenses at 
discretion, not extending to life or member. 

3 Forbids more than three slaves to meet together, except in the 
employment, or with the consent, of their masters, on penalty of 
being whipped on the naked back, at the discretion of any justice 
of the peace, not exceeding 40 lashes. And any city, town or manor 



270 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

may appoint a common whipper for its slaves, his salary to be 
paid by the master at so much a head, not exceeding three shillings 
for each slave whipped. If a slave assault or strike any freeman 
or woman, professing Christianity, such corporal punishment may 
be inflicted on him, not extending to life or limb, as to the jus- 
tice shall seem meet or reasonable. 

4 Forbids the employing, harboring, concealing or entertaining 
other men's slaves without the confient of their master signified 
verbally or by certificate in writing, on forfeiture of £5 for every 
night or day of such entertainment or concealment, such penalties 
not to exceed the value of the slave. If the slave so entertained or 
concealed be lost or dead, the forfeiture is the valuq of the slave. 

6 If any master shall forgive, make up or compromise the for- 
feiture, he shall forfeit double the sum thereof, one half to the 
informer, the other half to her majesty for defraying public 
charges. (New) 

6 If any person knows of the entertaining of any slave, and does 
not inform the master or a justice of the peace, he shall forfeit 
£2, to be recovered to the use of the person informing against him; 
and if he has no goods or chattels to satisfy the execution, he shall 
be committed to jail till he pays the forfeiture and charges ac- 
cruing. (New) 

7 If any manumitted negro or Indian knowingly entertains any 
slave absenting himself from his master without leave, he shall 
forthwith be apprehended and shall forfeit to the master £10 for 
every night or day of such entertainment. 

8 No negro, Indian or mulatto hereafter made free shall enjoy, 
hold or possess any houses, lands, tenements or hereditaments 
within the colony, but the same shall escheat to her Majesty. 
(New) 

9 It having been found by experience that the free negroes of 
the colonyare an idle,8lothful people and prove very often a public 
charge, it is enacted that any master manumitting any slave shall 
give sufficient security to her majesty, with two sureties, in not 
less than £200, to pay £20 yearly to such manumitted slave, during 
his life. If the slave is made free by will, the executors shall give 
such security, or, if they refuse, the manumission is void. (New) 



SLAVERY IX NEW YORK 271 

10 If a slave shall murder or kill, except by misadventure or in 
the execution of jufltice, op conspire or attempt the death of any 
person not a slave, or commit or attempt rape on any person not 
a slave, or shall murder any slave, and ehall be convicted thereof 
before three or more justices and five principal freeholdere, seven 
of whom agreeing, or before a court of oyer and terminer, he shall 
suffer the pains of death in euch manner and with such circum- 
fitances as the aggravation or enormity of his crime shall merit or 
require. 

11 On complaint to any justice against a slave that he has, or ifi 
supposed to have, committed any of the crimes mentioned in the 
act, the justice shall issue a warrant for the arrest of such slave 
and the production of witnesses, and an examination shall be had. 
If it appears that the slave is fjuilty, he shall be committed and 
subsequently brought to trial without presentment byagrand jury. 
If, on his arraignment, he refuses to plead to the charge, "the like 
judgment shall be given against the person or persons so accused 
AH if convicted by verdict or confession [ !]" If he pleads, he shall 
be ti'ii'd in the manner hereto foi*e stated, and "no peremptory chal- 
lenge shall be allowed" to any freeholder. If convicted, he shall 
be put to death immediately by the public executioner in such 
manner as the trial court shall think fit. Provided, if any master 
desires, his slave shall be tried by a jury of 12 men, on the mas- 
ter's paying the charge of the jury, not exceeding nine shillings. 
No peremptory challenge to such jurors shall be allowed. (New, in 
part) 

12 No slave shall have or use any gun or pietol but in his mas- 
ter's presence or by his direction, under a penalty of not exceed- 
ing 20 lashes on the bare back for every such offesse. (New) 

13 Every justice, constable or other officer neglecting, delaying 
or refusing to perform the several duties enjoined by this act shall 
for every such offense forfeit the sum of £2 to her majesty, and 
every freeholder summoned and refusing to serve shall forfeit the 
sum of 20 shillings. (New) 

14 The charge of prosecuting and executing negroes and slaves 
shall be paid by the city or county where such negroes or slaves 



272 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

&hall be convicted and executed, and assessed and levied' as other 
public chargee, not to exceed the fium of £3 for each conviction and 
execution. 

Gov. Hunter, Kov. 12, 1715, informs the Lordfi af trade that 

8ome inconveniences have been discovered in some of them [the 
acts] MDCB they have been enacted, particularly an Act passed in 
the 11th year of Her Majesty's Beign, entitled an Act preventing, 
suppressing and punishing the conspiracy and insurrection of Ne- 
groes and other slaves, wherein, among other things, it is enacted 
that if any Negroes &c. shall be made free by the Will or Testament 
of any Person deceased, that the executors of such person fihall en- 
ter into security &c. immediately upon proving said Will or Testa- 
ment, which if refused to be given, the said Manumission to be 
void and of no effect, but there being no penalty on ye executor re- 
fusing; to enter such security, nor any method to compel him, he 
is left at his liberty to render every such manumission fruitless, 
which cutting off all hopes from such slaves who by a faithful 
and diligent discharge of their duty, may at last look for the lee- 
ward of a manumission by their masters will, will make 'em not 
only careless servants, but excite 'em to insurrection more bloody 
than any they have yet attempted, seeing that by that Act deatli 
is made more eligible than life, for the longer they live the longer 
thev are slaves, which is alreadv too well known from the follow- 
ing instance; one Norton a butcher of this town, dyed lately, and 
by his Will manumitted one of his Negroes who by his faithful 
and diligent s(*rvice, had helped to gain most part of his masters 
wealth, and gave him a h^gae.v in money, and another Negroe 
to help him to pursue the same Trade as a reward for his good 
service; The executor after Norton's death, proved the W^ill, but 
absolutely refused to enter into the security directed by the Act, 
by which means the Negro is deprived of his liberty and his leg- 
acy; the rage the people were in for that insurrection, could only 
justify ye passing that Act in other instances equally cruel. 

It was doubtless through the influence and persuasions of Gov. 
Hunter that, Nov. 2, 1717, an act was passed " explaining " this 
cruel act of 1712. After reciting, almost in the words quoted 
from Gov. Hunter, the " inconvenience " of the provisions relating 
to manumission, it is enacted, 

That if any such Master or Mistress Manumitting and setting at 
Liberty any Negro Indian or Malatto Slave, or any other sufficient 
person for or on behalf of such Negro, Indian or Mulatto Slave, 
shall and do Enter into such Security, as aforesaid, at the GJeneral 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 273 

Sessions of the Peace, for the City and County where such Negroe, 
Indian or Malatto Slave shall live or reside. To keepe and save 
such Negroe, Indian or Malatto Slave from becoming or being any 
charge to the City, Town or place where he, she or they do live 
the said Negroe, Indian or Malatto Slave shall be ffree according 
to such Manumission of such Master or Mistress so Manumitting 
and setting at Liberty such Slave or Slaves;" If a slave is or has 
been manumitted by will, the executor or any other person may 
give similar security. 

It will be observed that two important changes are thus made 
in the law; first, the payment of any sum to the manumitted slave 
is dispensed with, and in its place security is to be given to pro- 
tect the town from the pauperism of the freedman; and, secondly, 
if an executor refuse to give the security, any other person may 
give it. At a late period in the history of slavery in New York 
the rule was much farther relaxed. 

The policy of paying to masters the value of slaves who were 
convicted of crime and executed, was inaugurated in the act of 
Aug. 4, 1705, passed to prevent the running away of slaves out of 
the city and county of Albany to the French in Canada. An act 
was passed in 1708 involving the same principle. After the " con- 
spiracy of 1712, and the execution of many slaves as the result, 
the owners of the executed slaves clamored for their compensation 
as for property confiscated by the government. In an act passed 
Dec. 23, 1717, occurs the following: 

And whereas in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seaven 
Hundred and Twelve There was a Horrid and Bloody Conspiracy 
and Massacree Devised and Contrived by Great Numbers of the 
Negroe Slaves in the City of New York, against his Majesties Sub- 
jects of the said City in Consequence and prosecution of which 
several of his Majesties aforesaid Subjects were Cruelly and Bar- 
barously Murdered by Several of the Said Negroes, Nineteen 
whereof were Tryed, Condemned and Executed for that Bloody 
and horrid fact, by Vrrtue of an Act of General Assembly of this 
province, Intituled, an Act for preventing the Conspiracy of 
Slaves, passed in the Seventh year of the Reign of her late Maj- 
esty Queen Anne, the Owners of which Said Nineteene Negroes 
have not Received the Satisfaction Intended by the Said Act, to 
be Given them, for Want of Some formalities which were omitted 
by Reason of the General Disorder and Confusion which the Com* 



274 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

mon Danger at that time occasioned. Be It therefore Enacted by 
the Authority aforesaid, That the Treasurer of this Colony, for the 
time being, Shall pay in Bills of Credit aforesaid, to the Several 
persons hereafter Named, their Executors, Administrators or As- 
signs, the Several and Respective Quantities of plate following, 
That is to Say, 

To Rip Van Dam, Esq'r his Executors or Assigns, the Quantity 
of One hundred Ounces of Plate for Two Negroes, So as aforesaid 
Executed. 

Then follow in similar terms the namee of the owners of, and 
amounts appropriated for the entire 19 elaves executed. 

The act provided that the colony should pay for these slaves. 
That did not suit the Lords of trade, who said, June 4, 1719, 

The 950 ounces allowed for Negroes might have been raised aa 
usual by ye respective places for which they serve, and by the 
Counties where the Negroes were executed. 

A little light is thrown on the methods of the slave trade by 
a remark of Gov. Hunter in 1718. He says: 

The duties laid on Negroes from ye other Colonies are intended 
to encourage their own shipping and discourage the importing 
their refuse and sickly Negroes here from other Colonies which 
they commonly do. 

No farther legislation was passed in relation to slaves, of any 
consequence, till the act of Oct. 29, 1730, which was a con- 
solidation, amendment and repeal of all the principal acts preced- 
ing it on this subject. It provided against traffic with slaves; 
that contracts with them should be void; that liquor should not 
be sold to slaves, nor tools, etc. bought of them; that masters 
might punish their slaves for crimes; that not more than three 
slaves should meet, except, etc.; that a common whipper might 
be appointed, and how paid; for punishing slaves for assaults; 
against harboring slaves; that masters should not forgive such 
offenses; that persons knowing the commission of such offenses 
should declare them; that manumitted slaves and free negroes 
be punished for harboring slaves; that masters manumitting 

slaves, or some otheir person, must give security against their 
becoming a public charge; that slaves manumitted by will should 
not be free unless the executor or some other person gave similar 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 275 

security; that masters should pay for the petty thefts of their 
slaves, and the slaves be corporally punished and sent back to 
their masters' employment; that slaves should not give testi- 
mony, except, etc.; that slaves be punished for murder, rape, 
arson, etc., and trial be had (as in act of 1712); that slaves be 
tried and executed at the public expense, and the masters be 
paid for such executed slaves the sum of £25 a head; that slaves 
should not have or use pistols or any kind of weapon without 
consent of their masters; that officers be punished for omitting 
or refusing to perform their duty under the act; and the former 
acts on these subjects were repealed. Penalties and punishments 
bestrew the act. 

It will be noticed, on examination, that the odious law that no 
freed slave shall "enjoy, hold or possess any houses, lands, tene- 
ments or hereditaments within the colony" is repealed, and that 
the relaxation in the law of manumission is retained in the re- 
vised law. Gov. Montgomerie reports to the I^ords of trad(» that 
this act " was passed to make clear points doubtful in former 
laws." 

Slaves were accustomed to run away to Canada, as in later 
days. They also found refuge among the Indian tribes. In a 
conference between Gov. Crosby and the Indians, in 1783, he fjaya: 
"Brethren, I am informed that some Negros who have run away 
from their Masters, do shelter themselves amongst you, there- 
fore desire you will deliver them up that the owners may have 
them again." The Indians answered: "Brother Corlear, you 
have told us that there are Negros among us. According to the 
best of our knowledge we know not that there is one among any 
of the Six Nations" — a diplomatic denial of which they were 
masters at an early period of their dealing with their shrewd 
white neighbors. 

Early in 1741 occurred the most serious "conspiracy" of the 
slaves in the history of the institution in the northern colonies. 
The truth of the current history regarding it has been seriously 
questioned, but the salient points are well ascertained, and the 
rc^sults to the slaves themselves are too well known. Whatever 



276 NEW YORK STATE) LIBRARY 

the real facts as to the causes, op the promoters and the guilt 
of the slaves themselves, the terror of the masters and the 
severity of the measures adopted to suppress the uprising are 
clearly shown in the public documents of the period. These are 
sufficient for our present purpose, and best tell the actual oc- 
currences. 

Lieut.-Gov. Clarke, in his letter of Ap. 22, 1741, to the Lordfl 
of trade, says: 

Many (ires in town, sometimes four in a day, apparently 
kindled by deeign, which begat a general consternation. Many 
Negroes are imprisoned on suspicion, but as yet no proof ap- 
pears against them. 

And May 15, of the same year, he writes to the duke of New- 
castle: 

The frequent attempts to flre the Town, since the Port was 
burnt, having wonderfully distracted the mind of the people 
throughout the province, who are in continual -apprehensions of 
having their houses set on fire, in consequence of an horrid con- 
spiracy of the negroes (which we now begin to have some hopes 
of discovering, and even that the fort itself was wilfully set on 
fire by them notwithstanding that the circumstances of time and 
place led me to think it was accidently done by a plumber). 

To the same he writes, June 20: 

The fatal fire. . . now appears evidently to be done by 
design in consequence of an horrid conspiracy to bum it [the 
fort] and the whole town. . . The Plott was contrived by 
one Huson, a white man, to enrich himself by plunder, the 
negroes were by him brought into it, in hopes of shareing with 
him and gaining their liberty. . . Had the suspicion obtained 
when these fires begun that the negroes were at the bottom of 
it, the whole town might have been lajd in ashes, for men in 
that case would have been more intent upon guarding them- 
selves and their families, than upon extinguishing the fires. 

He farther says, on the same date: 

A horrid conspiracy to burn it [the fort] & the whole town & 
to Massacre the people, as appears evidently not only by the 
Confession of the Negro who set fire to it in some part of the 
gutter where the Plumber was to work but also by the testimony 
of several witnesses— how many conspirators there were we do 
not yet know. . . if the truth were ever known there are not 



SLAVERY IN NEW YOUK 277 

many innocent Negromen, and it is thought that some Negroes 
of the Country are accomplices and were to act their part there 
. . . There have been already executed for this Conspiracy 
seventeen, vizt Three Whites (Iluson the contriver and main 
spring of the whole design, his wife and another white woman 
who lived in Huson's house and had a bastard by one of the 
Negro Conspirators) and fourteen Negroes. 

He suspects " the hand of popery has been in this hellish con- 
spiracy." This account, in full, a^ given in the colonial records, 
is interesting reading. 

But Gov. Clarke gets more light as time goes on, some of it 
false light from the fires of the excitement of the occasion. He 
says, in a letter to the Lords of trade, Aug. 24: "It is now ap- 
parent that the hand of Popery is in it. . . Hufion, an indi- 
gent fellow, of a vile character. . . inticed some Negroes to 
rob their masters & bring the stolen to him"; and then formed 
this plan of burning the fort and murdering the people to enrich 
himself and gain the freedom of the negroes. 

Meanwhile the executions continued. He adds: 

Of the conspirators there have been executed 3 whites & 29 
negroes — pardoned one white woman, vizt Huson's daughter & 
pardoned & transported 80 negroes besides 8 negroes not in- 
dicted but being accused & strongly suspected to be guilty their 
masters consented to transport them. 

Of these 30 were transported to the West Indies, with the 
following proclamation: 

To be sold, a parcel of likely young negroes, imported from 
Africa cheap for cash. Inquire of John Avery, also if any per- 
son have any negro men, strong and hearty, though not of the 
best moral character, which are proper subjects of transporta- 
tion, they may have an exchange for small negroes. 

Frederick G. Mather, in the Magazine of American history, 11: 
414, says of this '^conspiracy'': 

The history of this almost baseless conspiracy and the vindic- 
tiveness displayed in suppressing it form the one dark chapter 
in the record of slavery as it existed in the English colony of 
New York. It is absurd to believe that a white innkeeper 
should have conspired with a few negroes with any hope of 
arousing the 2000 negroes to kill the 8000 whites in New York 



278 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

city — the sole hope of the white conspirator being the offer of a 
subordinate position under a negro king or dictator. Verily the 
tongue of Mary Burton was the forerunner of great evils. 

The view of this conspiracy finally taken by Lieut.-Gov. 
Clarke, the council and the general assembly, or, at least, their 
declaration in regard to it, is found in the preamble of "An Act 
for the more Equal keeping Military watches in the City of NEW 
YORK, and for other the purposes therein Mentioned ", passed by 
them June 13, 1741. It recites: 

Whereas a most wicked and dangerous Conspiracy has of late 
been Set on foot, promoted, abetted & Encouraged by Some 
White people of this City, in Conjunction as well with Several 
Spanish Negroes lately brought into thi« Colony from the West 
Indies, as with many Negro & other Slaves of this City & 
Country: For burning & Destroying this City & murdering the 
Inhabitants thereof In pursuance of which Diabolical purposes 
His Majestys house at Fort George & all the other Buildings in 
it have been entirely burnt down & Consumed & within a very 
few days afterwards Several other houses in different parts of 
this City, Several of them in one day & others on different days 
soon Succeeding each other, Wilfully Set on fire; which, under 
the Influence of Divine providence, by the Vigilance of the Ma- 
jestracy, & the Diligence of the People, have been happily & 
timely extinguished: The Confusion & Calamity caused by the 
Said fires have Nevertheless put every one into the utmost Ter- 
ror & Consternation & rendered it absolutely necessary to keep 
Military W^atches, to prevent further Mischiefs & Secure the 
Authors of & Confederates in, so unprecedented & Diabolical a 
Conspiracy, 'til they are brought to their Condign punishments. 

Then follows the enactment establishing the military watches. 
Reference is also made to this conspiracy in an excise act, 
passed Nov. 7, 1741, in the following language: 

And whereas Such Persons as Aforesaid [those selling strong 
liquors without license] as Likewise Several others who were 
Duly Lycenced to Retail, not only Sold Strong Liquors to Slaves 
but often Entertained great numbers of Them at their Houses, 
or Suffered Them to be Entertained there, which Tempted and 
Encouraged the Said Slaves to Robb their Masters & others, for 
Supporting the expense of Such Vile Practices & at the Same 
time contributed very much to Form the Late wicked Con- 
spiracy for Burning the Houses & Murdering the Inhabitants of 
the Said City, for Remedy of which dangerous Evils Be it en- 
acted [etc.] 



SLAVERY IN NEW YOUK 279 

On the same day, an act was passed to raise money to pay for 
maintaining the military watches. In the preamble, the neces- 
sity for the watches is declared to be '*the late most wicked and 
dangerous Conspiracy, abetted and Set on Foot by some white 
People in conjunction with many Negro slaves for Burning and 
Destroying this City of New York & murdering the Inhabitants 
thereof/' 

"An Act to Prevent the Runing away of Slaves out of the City 
and County of Albany to the French at Cannada," passed May 
14, 1745, and to be in force during the war with the French and 
no longer, recited in its preamble: 

Whereas the City and County of Albany being the Frontier of 
the Colony, It is of great Importance during this time of War, 
that no Intelligence be Carryed to the French at Cannada, Be it 
therefore Enacted etc. 

The act provided that after June 1, of that year, any slave 
found going or designing to go to Canada, and convicted thereof 
(in the manner heretofore described) should "suffer the Pains of 
Death, as in Cases of Felony without Benefit of Clergy in which 
Tryals the evidence of one slave shall be good against another." 
The expenses of prosecution and execution, not to exceed £5 for 
each slave prosecuted and executed, were made a county charge; 
and the owner of any sflch slave was to be paid by the county, 
"provided the IVice set on such slave does not exceed the sum of 
Thirty Five pounds.'' The increase in the estimated value of 
slaves is noticeable. 

An act passed Dec. 12, 1753, in regard to duties on imported 
goods, fixed the duties on slaves as follows: 1) on every slave 
4 years old and upward imported directly from Africa 5 oz. of 
Sevil Pillar or Mexico plate, or 40fi in bills of credit made cur- 
rent in the colony; 2) on every slave 4 years old and upward 
imported from all other places by land or water, £4 in like money; 
3) on every slave 4 years old and upward imported by land in the 
county of Albany or Ulster or Duchess, £5. Provisions were also 
made to determine disputes as to the age of such slaves, and to 
prevent clandestine importation without payment of duty. 



280 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

For a long period after 1753, there was no legislation in regard 
to slaves, except incidentally in the tax laws, and this was, for 
the most part, a repetition of old enactments on the same subject. 
But the long silence was broken by the enactment of a law, 
passed Mar. 8, 1773, wholly unlike the legislation of any former 
period in Kew York colonial legislation, though it has its counter- 
part in the laws of ancient Kome. It was: 

An Act to prevent aged and decrepit Slaves from becoming 
burthensome within this Colony. 

« 

\VH£BEA8 there have been repeated Instances in which the 
Owners of Slaves have obliged them after they have grown aged 
and decrepit, to go about begging for the common Necessaries of 
Life, whereby they have not only been reduced to the utmost 
Distress themfielves, but have become Burthens on the Humanity 
and Charity of others; and sometimes also such Owners by Collu- 
sive Bargains, have pretended to transfer the property of such 
Slaves to persons not able to maintain them, from which the like 
evil Consequences have followed: For the Prevention whereof, 
and effectually to suppress such unjust and inhuman practices. 

BE IT ENACTED by his Excellency the Governor the Council 
and the General Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the 
Authority of the same, That from and after the passing of this 
Act if any Person or Persons within this Colony shall knowingly 
and willingly suffer and permit his, her, or their Slave or Slaves 
to go about begging of othere, Victuals Cloathing or other Neces- 
saries, such Person or Persons being thereof convioted before two 
Magistrates (who are hereby fully impowered and strictly enjoined 
to inquire into, hear, and determine the same) shall forfeit for 
every such Offence the sum of ten pounds, to be levied by Distress 
and Sale of the Offender's Goods by Warrant of the said Justices 
and to be applied, the one half to the Person giving Information 
thereof, and the other half to the Poor of the place where such 
offence shall be committed. 

AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED bv the Authoritv afore- 
said. That if any Person or Pensons shall by such collusive Con- 
veyance or fraudulent Agreement as aforesaid pretend to sell or 
dispose of any such 'aged and decrepit Slave or Slaves to any 
Person or Persons who is or are unable to keep and maintain such 
Slave or Slaves, such Sale or Sales shall be absolutely void, and 
the person or persons making such pretended Sale shall incur the 
Penalty of twenty Pounds and shall moreover be deemed to be the 
Owner and Owners of such Slave or Slaves within the Intent and 
Meaning of the first section of this Act; which last mentioned 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 281 

Forfeiture fiball be recovered levied and applied in the Maimer 
hereinbefore directed. 

In an Act for the better regulation of the public innfi and tav- 
erns, also passed Mar. 8, 1773, it wa« declared and enacted that: 

WTiereas by two acts of the Legislature of this Colony hereto- 
fore passed it is enacted, That if any Tavernkeeper or Innholder 
ahall sell any Spirituoufl Liquor to any Apprentice, Servant, or 
Negro or other Slave without the Consent of his, her or their 
Master or Mistress, every such person or persons so offending shall 
forfeit forty Shillings: which Forfeiture being conceived insuffi- 
dent; in order therefore more effectually to prevent so pernicious 
a practice, 

BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid, That 
if any Inn-holder or Tavern-keeper shall after the passing of this 
Act, be oonvioted of Selling Spirituous Liquors of any Kind, to any 
Apprentice, Servant, or Negro or other Slave in either of the afore- 
said Counties, contrary to the true Intent and meaning of the 
abovementioned Acts, the Licence of every Inn-holder or Tavern- 
keeper so offending shall be and is hereby declared void from the 
Time of such conviction, and such Inn-holder or Tavern-keeper 
ahall be and is hereby declared incapable of receiving any further 
Licence for holding a Public Inn or Tavern for the Space of three 
Years from the Time of such Conviction. 

By the Act of Mar. 9, 1774, it was provided that a slave breaking 
or defacing milestones on any highway should on conviction be 
imprisoned in the county jail and receive 39 lashes on his bare 
back. 

An act was passed Ap. 1, 1775, ** to encourage the destroying 
of Wolves and Panthers in the Counties of Albany, Ulster, Orange 
and Dutchess." It provided bounties for killing such animals, 
regulate<l the manner of proof of the killing, fixed the amounts 
to be paid, and closed with the following provision: 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That 
every native free Indian, free Negro, or Slave, who shall have 
actually killed or destroyed any Wolf or Wolves, Whelp or 
Whelps, Panther or Panthers within any of the Counties afore- 
said and carry the Head or Heads thereof with the intire Skin 
thereon to any of the Justices or Supervisors of the County 
wherein such Wolves, Whelps or Panthers are killed or destroyed, 
and bring such Evidence, or give such Reasons to the Satisfaction 
of the said Justice or Supervisor that such Wolf or Wolves, 



281* NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Whelp or Whelps Panther or Panthers were killed within the 
said County where such Justices or Supervisors were appointed 
or chosen, in such case the said Justice or Supervisor is hereby 
impowered required & directed to give a Certificate to the Master 
or Mistress of such Slave, or to any such Native or free Indian or 
free Negro in the same Manner and form as is herein before directed 
to be given, and such Master or Mistress native or free Indian or 
free Negro shall be intitled to & receive the same reward as is 
given by this Act as aforesaid, This Act to be in force from the 
passing thereof, until the first Day of January which will be in 
the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
five: 

The last colonial law relating to slaves was passed Ap. 3, 1775, 
and provided for the assessment of slaves in the county of 
Orange, as followe: Males, 15 years old and under 40 years, £30; 
and females of the same age, £20. Males 40 years old and under 
50 years, £15; and females of the same age, £10. Males 10 years 
old and under 15 year<?, £18; and females of the same age, £12. 
Males 7 years old and under 10 years, £10; and femalee of the 
same age, £8. 

^* During the colonial period the average price of both male 
and female slaves varied from fl50 to f250.*' Sometimes 
female slaves brought higher prices than males, according as 
supply and demand varied. Just before the revolution slaves 
brought their highest prices, and during the revolution the 
prices varied greatly. 

In the life of Catherine Schuyler, by Mary Gay Humphreys, 
is a picture of slavery at Albany in revolutionary times, charm- 
ingly drawn and well worthy of reproduction: 

There was a retinue of servants attached to each of the promi- 
nent houses. Slavery preserved in Albany in great measure its 
patriarchal form. In the Schuyler household the slaves all 
descended from two old women brought from Africa when they 
were young. Mrs Grant gives an amusing account of the 
" rivalries in excellence *' between these two tribes. " Diana was 
determined that in no respect of excellence Maria's children 
should surpass hers; and Maria was equally determined that 
Diana's brood should not surpass hers. If Maria's son Prince 
cut down wood with more dexterity and dispatch than any one 
in the province, the mighty Caewar, son of Diana, cut down wheat 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 283 

and threshed it better than he. His sister Betty, who to her 
misfortune was a beauty of her kind, and possessed wit equal 
to her beauty, was the best seamstress and laundress I have 
known, and plain unpretending Rachel, sister to Prince, wife to 
Tytus, alias Tyte, and head cook, dressed dinners that might have 
pleased Apicius/' 

For every department of the household there was a slave al- 
lotted. They hoed, drilled, shod horses, made cider, raised hemp 
and tobacco, looked after the horses and the garden, made and 
mended the shoes, spun, wove, made nets, canoes, attended to 
the fishing, carpentering, each household sufficient unto itself. 
Slavery probably never took a more unobjectionable form. * The 
negroes were treated with even familiarity; each was allowed his 
own garden, and war^ encouraged to rai^e i>ets. As in the South, 
each boy had his boy, and each girl her maid who was given to 
her on her marriage. Here they lived, and multiplied to old age, 
no slave being sold unless he proved unmanageable or to be a 
corrupt influence; and in this case, the threat to send the refrac- 
tory one to Jamaica or the Barbadoes was usually sufficient 
Later, in the more di^moralizing davys following the Revolution, 
there were negro troubles at Albany similar to those in earlier 
times in New York. Such a period was in 1793, when the " Bet of 
Philip Van Schaick, a handsome wench," and Dinah, prompted 
by Pomp, a favorite Albany negro, carried coals in a shoe and 
occasioned one of the famous fires of Albany. The two girls 
were tried, sentenced, and speedily exc*cuted, in accordance with 
the summary judgment of the times. Pomp, from his great popu- 
larity, had a stay, but subsequently suffered the same fate. 
Pinxter, one of the three Dutch fetes of the year, belonged to the 
negroes. It was observed the Monday following Whitsunday, 
and generally continued through the week. There was a colored 
harlequin. For many years this was personated by a well-known 
Guinea negro known as King Charley. Dressed in a cast-oflf 
coat of the military, decked out with colored ribbons, his legs 
bare and a little black hat with a pompon on one side, he was 
seated on a hollow log, which had each end covered with skins 
and served as a drum for dancing. Other negroes had eelpots 
covered with skin which they beat with their hands while they 
sang a song that had a refrain " Hi-a bomba bomba," which it 
was supposed was brought over from Africa, To this musio 
the negroes danced. There were also gingerbread booths and 
side shows, and under the charge of the elderly women all the 
young gentry were taken out to see the sights. 



284 • NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Number of slaves in colonial New York 

The statistics in respect to the number of slaves in the colony 
of New York are somewhat obscure in that the terms, " blacks " 
and " slaves " are not always interchangeable. There were some 
free " blacks ", but perhaps not enough to affect the result 
seriously if we call all " blacks " slaves. Precisely what propor- 
tion were free, and what slaves, can not be ascertained. 

The earliest statement as to numbers is that in 1698 there were 
2170 negroes in the province. At about that time, John Gra- 
ham, a prominent man and ex-official, had " one overseer, two 
white servants and 33 slaves.'^ 

In 1714, Dutchesfl county had a population of 445, of which 29 
were slaves. In 1703 five counties had 7767 whites and 1301 
slaves; and in 1712, 10,511 whites and 1775 slaves. 
In the entire province, there were: 
In 1723 ,whites, 34,393; "negroes and other elavee", 6171; 

total, 40,564; 

In 1731, whites, 43,508; " blacks ", 7231; total, 50,289; 



60,437; 

73,448; 

96,765 ; 

168,007; 



In 1737, whites, 51,496; " blacks '\ 8941 ; total, 
In 1749, whites, 62,756; " blacks ", 10,692; total, 
In 1756, whites, 83,223; " blacks '% 13,542; total, 
In 1771, whites, 148,124; "blacks'', 19,883; total, 
In 1774, (estimated) whites 161,098; "blacks", 21,149; total, 
182,247. 

By the ratio of increase shown from 1771 to 1774, it is esti- 
mated that there were in 1776, whites, 169,148; "blacks", 
21,993; total, 191,741; or the " black •' population was about 11^% 
of the entire population at the time of the revolution and when 
the colony became the state. 

A very full census of slaves in certain counties was made in 
1755, a detailed statement of which appears in Documentary history 
of the state of New York vol. 3. The statement is unique and worth 
examining. 

In 1746, a census of the province — Albany county not in- 
cluded—gives, whites, 51,872; " blacks ", 9107. 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 285 

In 1726 the collector at New York renders "An account of 
what Negro Slaves have been Imported into His Majesties Prov- 
ince of New York as taken from the Custom House Books be- 
tween the year 1701 and this present year 1726/' from which it 
appears that 1573 were imptirted from the West Indies, and 822 
from the coast of Africa, a total of 2395. The largest number 
imported in any year was in 1718, when 447 were brought from 
the West Indies and 70 from Africa, 517 in all. The collector 
adds " that all the Negroes in the foregoing Account have been 
Imported by Private Traders and that none have been imported 
during that time by the African Company." 

DuBois, in his work, Suppression of the African slave-trade to 
the United States of Amei^ica, gives the following estimate of the 
slave population of New York. 

Year. SUtm 

1698 2,170 Doc. rel col. hist. X.Y. 4:420 

1703 2,283 N. 7. col mss, 48:45 [originals in N. Y. state li- 
brary] ; cited in Hough,A7'.y. c©w«i/^,1855, introd. 

1712 2,425 N.Y. col. mss, 57: 175-80, 59: 16-19 [originals in 

N. Y. state library] (a partial census) 

1723 6,171 Doc. rel. col. hist. N. Y. 5 : 702 

1731 7,202 Doc. rel. col. hist. N.Y. 5:929 

1737 8,941 Doc. rel. col. hist. N. Y. 6 ; 133 

1746 9,107 Doc. rel. col. hist. N.Y. 6:392 

1749 10,692 Doc. rel. col. hist. N.Y. 6:550 

1756 13,542 Doc. rel. col. MM. N.Y. 8:450 

1771 19,883 Doc. rel. col. hist. N.Y. 8:457 

1774 21,149 Doc. rel. col. hist. N.Y. 8:449 

1786 18,889 Deeds in office of sec. of state, 22: 35^ 

DuBois also refers to the following authorities: 
Brodhead's Hist, of state of Neic York, 1: 184 
CyCallaghan's Hist, of New Netherl<!nd, p. 384 
Dunlap's Hist, of Neic York 
Booth's Hist, of city of Nexc York, p. 270 
Horsemander's Negro plot 

1 In the above table figures have been corrected In several instances by comparison 
with the original records; and, in the place of several references to documentary mat- 
ter not easily accessible, refereuces to more accessible printed copies are here given, 
for the convenience of readers who may wish to verify statements.— ^d. 



28C NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

DuBois's estimates asfiumes that all " blacks " were ** slaves/' 
and some are incorrect as not including the complete census. 

SLAVERY UNDER STATE GOVERNMENT 
FROM 1776 TO 1827, and supplemental 

When New York came to statehood in 1776 it had a popula- 
tion, as we have seen, of about 169,148 whites and 21,993 blacks, 
or the " blacks ■' constituted about ll^"- of the entire population. 
Up to this time there had been 'little legislation tending to miti- 
gate the hardships of slavery, or indicating any relaxation of 
the old idea that slaves were to be regarded and treated solely 
as property. The colony of New York was no worse, and per- 
haps no better, in this respect than the other colonies. 

The declaration of independence and the wide promulgation 
and general discussion of the doctrines of freedom and the 
" rights of man '', however, threw a new light on the subject. 
The " self-evident '' truth that " all men are created equal, that 
they are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable 
rights, that among these are life, liherty, and the pursuit of hap- 
piness,'' though intended by its proclaimers to apply to white 
men only, was yet seed sown in many minds and hearts, where 
it grew into doubts at least of the rightfulness of negro slavery. 
" Liberty and equality " was a phrase that shook all Europe 
when shouted in revolutionary France; and it made men think 
beyond the old, limitations of race lines when reechoed in 
America. The revolutionary fathers, Washington, Jefferson, 
Patrick Henry, Madison, and many others, voiced what was per- 
haps a not uncommon sentiment among the better and more 
intelligent classes at this time, in declaring slavery to be an 
evil and a wrong, and in expressing the hope and belief that it 
would speedily come to an end in the republic. If this senti- 
ment prevailed to some extent in the southern states, where 
slaves were numerous and slavery profitable, as we know it did, 
it is reasonable to believe that, to an equal if not greater extent, 
it pervaded New York and the other northern states, where 
slaves were few in number and their employment was of little 
pecuniary value. 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 287 

The exigencies of the war of the revolution were the cause 
of the first state legislation mentioning slaves. The war had 
dragged along for five years, and the drain on the scanty popu- 
lation to supply the needs of the array had been severe. There 
had never been an extreme reluctance to use free negroee as 
soldiers, and these had fought side by side with white men all 
through the war thus far; but it was a pressing need indeed that 
made the whites willing to employ slaves as soldiers. The 
emergency, however, was great, and Mar. 20, 1781 was passed 
"An Act for raising two regiments for the Defense of this State, 
on Bounties of unappropriated Lands." 

In the act was the following: 

VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
any person who shall deliver one or more of his or her able- 
bodied male slaves to any warrant officer as aforesaid, to serve 
in either of the said regiments or independent corps, and pro- 
duce a certificate thereof, signed by any officer or person author- 
ized to muster and receive the men, to be raised by virtue of this 
act, and produce such certificate to the surveyor general, shall, 
for every male slave so entered or mustered as aforesaid, be en- 
titled to the location and grant of one right, [to 500 acres of 
bounty lands], in manner as in and by this act is directed; and 
shall be, and hereby is discharged from any future maintenance 
of such slave; any law to the contrary notwithstanding; and such 
slave, so entered as aforesaid, who shall serve for the term of 
three years, or until regularly discharged, shall, immediately 
after such service or discharge, be, and is hereby declared to 
be a free man of this state. 

This was followed, soon after the war, by an act, passed May 
12, 1784 entitled "An Act for the speedy sale of the confiscated 
and forfeited Estates within this State, and for other Purposes 
therein mentioned," referring to estates forfeited to the state 
"by attainder or conviction in the progress of the late war." 
It contained the following provision: 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the said com- 
missioner or commissioners shall, out of any monies which may 
come into hie or their hands for rents, make suitable provision 
for the support and maintenance of any slave or slaves who may 
be found unable to support themselves, and who belonged to, 
and have not been disposed of by any person or persons, whose 



288 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

respective estates have become confiscated or forfeited to the 
people of this state. 

This act was so amended May 1, 1786 as to manumit all negro 
slaves become the property of the state, by the attainder or con- 
viction of any person whomsoever, and in the possession of the 
commissioners of forfeitures, who were required to provide, at 
the expense of the state, for the comfortable subsistence of all 
old and feeble slaves unable to gain a subsistence, so forfeited 
in their respective districts. 

An act, with the misleading title, "An Act granting bounty on 
hemp to be raised within this state,'' etc. " and for other pur- 
poses '', was passed Ap. 12, 1785. It provided: 

That if any negro or other person to be imported or brought 
into this state from any of the United States or from any other 
place or country after the first day of June next, shall be sold 
as a slave or slaves within this state, the seller or his or her 
factor or agent, shall be deemed guilty of a public offense, and 
shall for every such offense forfeit the sum of one hundred 
pounds lawful money of New York, to be recovered by any per- 
son who will sue for the same in an action of debt, in any court 
of this state having cognizance of the same, together with costs 
of suit. . . That every such person imported or brought into 
this state and sold contrary to the true intent and meaning of this 
act shall be freed. 

Also, 

That when any person or persons hereafter shall be 
disposed to manumit his, her or their slave or slaves, and shall 
previous thereto procure a certificate signed by the overseers 
of the poor (or the major part of them) of the town, manor, dis- 
trict or precinct, together with two justices of the peace of the 
county where such person or persons shall reside, and if in the 
counties of New York or Albany then from the mayor or re- 
corder any two of the aldermen certifying that slave or slaves 
appear to be under fifty years of age, and of sufficient ability 
to provide for themselves, and shall cause such certificates of 
manumission to be registered in the office of the clerk of the 
to-wn, manor, district or precinct, in which the master or mis- 
tress may reside, that then it shall be lawful for such person 
or persons to manumit such slave or slaves without giving or 
providing any security to indemnify the town, manor, district or 
precinct; and such slave or slaves so manumitted shall be 
deemed, taken and adjudged to be free; and the clerk for regis- 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 289 

tering such certificate shall be entitled to two shillings and no 
more. 

That if any person by his or her last will or testament shall 
give his or her slave or slaves, being at the death of the testa- 
tor or testatrix under fifty years of age and likewise of sufficient 
ability to provide for themselves, to be certified in the manner 
aforesaid, such freedom given as aforesaid shall, without any 
security to indemnify the town, manor, district or precinct, be 
deemed, taken and adjudged to be good and valid to all intents 
and purposes, any law, usage or custom to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

That all negroes, and other persons of any description what- 
soever commonly reputed and deemed slaves shall forever here- 
after have the privilege of being tried by a jury in all capital 
eases according to the course of the common law. 

'^ An Act concerning slaves ", passed Feb. 22, 1788, and being 
chapter 40 of the laws of that year, was a revision of the existing 
laws of the state relating to slaves. It was the first deliberate 
expression of the state legislature on the whole subject of slavery, 
and it may be taken as an exhibit of the temper of the people at 
that time on that subject. As such, it i« worth reproducing, in 
substance at least. It enacted: 

That every negro, mulatto, or mestee, within this state, who 
at the time of the passing of this act, is a slave, for his or her 
life, shall continue such, for and during his or her life, unless 
he or she, shall be manumitted or set free, in the manner pres- 
cribed in and by this act, or in some future law of this state. 

That the children of every negro, mulatto or mestee woman, 
being a slave, shall follow the state and condition of the mother, 
and be esteemed, reputed, taken and adjudged slaves to all in- 
tents and purposes whatsoever. 

That the baptizing of any negro, or other slave, shall not be 
deemed, adjudged, or taken, to be a manumission of such slave. 

It was further enacted that slaves should not be imported or 
those imported since June 1, 1785, sold as slaves, under a penalty 
of £100, to be sued for by action of debt, the person imported 
and sold to be free; that any person buying or receiving a slave 
with intent to remove such slave out of this state, to be sold, 
should fofeit £100, and such slave be free. 



290 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

It enacted prohibitions against concealing or harboring run- 
away slaves; against traflfieking with slaves; against selling liquor 
to slaves; made owners of slaves liable to the persons damaged 
by thefts committed by slaves, to the amount of £5 or under; 
slaves to be committed to prison for striking a white person. 

Slaves were to be entitled to jury trials in capital cases; slaves 
not to be witnesses in any case, except in criminal cases in which 
the evidence of one slave was to be admitted for or against an- 
other slave. 

Masters were forbidden to allow their slaves to go about beg- 
ging. Pretended sales of aged or decrepit slaves to persons un- 
able to keep and maintain them forbidden, and such sales 
declared void. Manumission of slaves regulated, to same effect 
as in laws of 1785, ch. 68 (given above, passed Ap. 12, 1785). 

To those provisions were added in this act the following: 

That if the owner or owners of any other slave, shall be disposed, 
to manumit and set at liberty, such slave, and such owner or 
owners, or any other sufficient person, for, or in behalf of such 
slave, shall and do, at the court of general sej?sions of the peace, 
for the city or county, where such negro or other slave shall dwell 
or reside, enter into a bond, to the people of the state of New York, 
with one or more surety or sureties, to be approved by such court, 
in sum, not less than two hundred pounds, to keep any slave from 
becoming or being any charge to the city, town or place within 
this state, wherein such slave shall at any time, after such manu- 
mission, live, the said slave shall be free, according to such manu- 
mission of the owner or owners of such slave. 

And further, if any such slave hath been or hereafter shall be 
made free, by the last will and testament of any person 
deceased, and if the executor or executors of such penson 
BO deceased, or in case of the neglect or refusal of such ezecutor 
or executors, if any other suflScient person, for, and in behalf of 
such slave, shall and do, enter into such surety as aforesaid, in 
manner aforesaid, then the said slave shall be free, according 
to the true intent and meaning of such last will and testament. 

And moreover, that if any person shall, by last will op other- 
wise, manumit or set free, his or her slave, and no such certifi- 
cate or security as aforesaid be given or obtained, such slave 
shall nevertheless, be considered as free from such owner, his or 
her executor, administrator and assigns. But such owner, his 
and her heirs, executors and administrators, shall remain and 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 291 

be liable to support and maintain such slave, if the same slave 
shall become unable to support and maintain himself or herself. 

The law relating to manumission thus became, in substance: 

1 Slaves under 50 years of age and able to support and main- 
tain themselves, and so certified by the proper officers, might be 
manumitted by will or otherwise, without secuiity being given 
fur their future support in case they should become unable to 
support themselves. Th(» master was thus freed from all farther 
liability on their account. 

2 Any other slave, whatever his age or condition or ability, 
might be manumitted by will or otherwise, and become free on 
a bond being given for his support in case of his becoming unable 
to support himself. 

3 If any person, by will or otherwise, manumitted a slave, and 
no certificate or security was given, the slave nevertheless be- 
came free; but the owner, executors and heirs were liable for the 
support of the slave if he became unable to support himself. 

On the subject of manumission, compare the colonial net of 
Dec. 10, 1712; Gov. Hunter 'e letter to the Lords of trade. Nov. 12, 
1715; the act of Nov. 2, 1717 (the result of Gov. Hunter's letter) 
and the act of Oct. 29, 1730. 

Chapter 28, laws of 1790, passed Mar. 22, 1790, "An Act to amend 
the act entitled 'An Act concerning slaves"', provided that 
slaves convicted of crime under the degree of a capital offense 
might be transported by the master or mistress out of the state, on 
the certificate of the court trying the offender, that transporta^ 
tion would be a projier punishment; also allowed appeals to the 
court of general sessions from the refusal of overseers of the 
poor to grant certificates for manumission of slaves appearing to 
be under 50 years of age and of sufficient ability to provide for 
themselves. \ 

Chapter 17, laws of 1792, authorized the state treasurer to reim- 
burse towns supporting slaves manumitted by the state on the 
confiscation of the estates of their owners; provided they were 
supported as other poor persons were. 

The quakers were among the earliest opponents of slavery. 



292 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

» 

They, however, sometimes owned slaves, but in many instances 
manumitted them, often without regard to the requisite formal- 
ities. The legislature by an act passed Mar. 9, 1798, confirmed 
such manumissions. 

Efforts were made by the prominent statesmen of New York, 
soon after the formation of the state, to secure the abolition of 
slavery. The following, from Bancroft, reveals the feeling of the 
wiser men of that generation ^ 

In the constituent convention of New York, Gouverneur Morris 
struggled hard for measures tending to abolish domestic slavery, 
^' so that in future agee every human being who breathed the air 
of the state might enjoy the privileges of a freeman." The prop- 
osition, though strongly supported, especially by the interior and 
newer counties, was lost by the vote of the counties on the Hud- 
son. Jay lamented the want of a clause against the continu- 
ance of domestic slavery. Still, the declaration of independ- 
ence was incorporated into the constitution of New York; and 
all its great statesmen were opposed to slavery. All parts of 
the common law, and all statutes and acts repugnant to fthe 
constitution, were abrogated and repealed by the constitution 
itself. 

The New England states and Pennsylvania moved more 
promptly and effectually in applying the principles of the declar- 
ation of independence, the logical outcome of which was the aboli- 
tion of slavery. New Jersey lagged behind. Even in the south- 
ern states there was a strong feeling in favor of some plan for 
the gradual removal of slavery, which, doubtless, would have 
culminated in legislative action but for the sudden land disas- 
trous increase in the value of slave labor. 

Finally, however. Mar. 29, 1799, New, York passed its first great 
act (laws of 1799, ch. 62) for the gradual abolition of slavery. 
It enacted: 

That any child born of a slave within this state after the 
fourth day of July next, shall be deemed and adjudged to be 
born free: Provided nevertlieUss that such child shall be the ser- 
vant of the legal proprietor of his or her mother, until such ser- ' 
rant if a male shall arrive at the age of twenty-eight years, and 
if a female at the age of twenty-five years. 

That the master of the mother shall be entitled to the services 
of such child. 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 293 

That the master shall file a certificate, within nine months 
after the birth of such child, with the clerk of the city or town 
of his residence, containing the name and addition of the master 
or mistress, and name, age and sex of every child so born, under 
a penalty of |5, for failure to file such certificate. 

The person entitled to such service may nevertheless within 
one year after the birth of such child, elect to abandon his or 
her right to such service, by written notification filed with the 
clerk of the town where the owner resides. 

The child so abandoned shall be supported and maintained till 
bound out by the overseers of the poor (as a pauper) at the ex- 
pense of the state, not to exceed |3.50 a month, but the owner 
fihall support such child till it is 1 year old. If no notification 
is so given, the owner shall be answerable for the maintenance 
of such child to the end of the period of its servitude. 

That it shall be lawful for the owner of any slave immediately 
after the passage of this act to manumit such slave by a cer- 
tificate for that purpose under his hand and seal. 

A side light on slavery at this date, 1799, is given in the follow- 
ing advertisement appearing in the Oswego heraJd: 

A YOUNG WENCH— FOR SALE. She is a good cook and 
ready at all kinds of house-work. None can exceed her if she is 
kept from liquor. She is 24 years of age — no husband nor child- 
ren. Price f200; inquire of the printer. 

The next legislation on the subject of slavery was chapter 188, 
laws of 1801, passed Ap. 8, 1801, "An Act concerning slaves and 
servants." The first five paragraphs are substantially reenact- 
ments of existing laws. The sixth, declares the right of persons 
traveling to be accompanied by their slaves, — ^to come into the 
state with their slaves and to remove them again; and of resi- 
dents of the state to travel elsewhere with their slaves but re- 
quires them to bring them back again under severe penalties; 
also the right of persons having lived one year in this state to 
remove permanently and to take their slaves with them. 

"And be it further enacted. That every child born of a slave 
within this state after the fourth day of July, 1799 " shall be 
free, on the conditions named in the act of 1799. 



294 NEW YORK STATE LIBKAUY 

In an act imposing a duty on strong liquors and regulating 
inns and taverns, passed Ap. 7, 1801, is a provision forbidding 
the sale of liquors to elavee without the consent of the master 
or mistress. 

Several acts followed, of some of which only an abstract need 
be given to understand their full import, viz: 1802, ch. 52, and 
1804, ch. 40, amending the act of 1799 in respect to the main- 
tenance of pauper children of slaves, and the abandonment of 
children of slaves; 1807, ch. 77, amending the same act, and fur- 
ther limiting the power of residents to carry away slaves. 

A most interesting illustration of the activity and earnestness 
of the very early antislavery movement is found in the preamble 
of chapter 19 of the laws of 1808, as follows; 

An Act to incorporate the Society formed in this State of 
New York for promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and pro- 
tecting such of them as have been or may be liberated. [Paseed 
Feb. 19, 1808.] 

Whereas a voluntary association has for many years past ex- 
isted in this state, by the name of ** The New York Society for 
promoting the Manumission of Slaves and protecting such of 
them as have been or maj^ be liberated'-; and whereas the said 
society hjis represented to the legislature that besides its exer- 
tion to further the humane intentions of the legislature, by aid- 
ing the operations of the just and salutary laws passed for the 
gradual abolition of slavery in this state, it has established a 
free school in the city of New York, for the education of the 
children of such persons as have been liberated from bondage, 
that thev mav hereafter become useful members of the com- 
munity; and whereas the said society has prayed to be incorpor- 
ated, that it may be enabled more effectually to support the said 
school, and to fulfil the benevolent purposes of its association: 
Therefore [the act then incorporates] The New York Society 
for promoting the manumission of slaves and protecting such 
of them as have been or may be liberatcHl, [for 15 years]. 

Chapter 96, laws of 1808, forbids the kidnapping of free people 

of color. 

Chapter 44, laws of 1809, enacted that manumitted slaves may 
take "by d^^cent, devise or otherwise;-' that all marriages con- 
tracted where a party or parties ^* was, were, or may be slavee,''^ 
shall be valid, and the children legitimate; and facilitated manu- 
mission. 



SLAYEUie IN NEW YORK 295 

The growth of antislaverv sentiment is apparent in all the 
legislation of these yeaiis, but nowhere more clearly, perhaps, than 
in an act passed Mar. .30, 1810, entitled "An addition to the Act 
concerning slaves and servants/* 

It declared that after the first of May next, 

No person held as a slave shall be imported, introduced or 
brought into this State on any pretense whatever by any person 
or persons coming x)ermanently to reside within the same; and 
that any person residing within this State for the space of nine 
months shall be considered as having a permanent residence 
therein, within the meaning of this act; but it shall not be con- 
strued to extend to such persons as may reside within this State 
for a shorter period; and if any person so held as a slave shall 
be so imported or introduced or brought into this State, contrary 
to the true intent and meaning of this act, he or she shall be 
and is hereby declared free. 

And ichireas, To evade the existing laws of this State con- 
cerning the importation and transfer of slaves, persons residing 
in adjacent states have manumitted their slaves and afterwards 
induced them to indent or bind themselves for a term of years, 
to certain persons citizens of this State, receiving at the same 
time for such term of service a price or consideration equal to 
the full value of the slave, whereby the persons «o manumitted 
are not only reduced back to a state of virtual bondage but 
after having grown so old in service as to be incapable of gain- 
ing a subsistence, are turned out to become a charge on the com- 
munity, to the great burthen of the public, and against the true 
intent and meaning of the laws of this State: Therefore, 

Be if further etmcted That no such indenture, contract or bond 
shall be obligatory within this State on the person so bound, 
and the same shall be void, and the person bound, having been 
a slave, shall be free. 

[Further] — every person entitled to the services of a child born 
of a slave after July 4, 1799 shall cause the child to be taught 
reading so ae to be able to read the Holy Scriptures, previous to 
its becoming 21 years of age; failure to cause the child to be 
so taught shall release the child from service at the age of 21 
vears. 

Chapter 193, laws of 1810, provides: 

That all such persons who reside in the counties of Ontario, 
Steuben and Seneca, and who have emigrated from the states 
of Virginia and Maryland, within ten years last past, who hold 
in their own right slaves which they brought with them from 



296 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

said states, be and they are hereby authorized to hire out their said 
slaves to any citizen of this State for a term of time not exceed- 
ing seven years; Provided ahoays That at the end of such term of 
time for which said slaves may be so hired, each and every slave 
so hired shall be free, any law of this State to the contrary not- 
withstanding: Provided always That the masters of such slavea 
shall not be exonerated from liability to maintain any such slave, 
who, at the expiration of the term, for which he shall be so 
hired out, shall not be of sufficient ability to maintain himself. 

The first law in the state in relation to the voting of black 
men is "An Act to prevent Frauds and Perjuries at Elections 
and to prevent Slaves from voting ", passed Ap. 9, 1811. Up to 
this time, free blacks voted under conditions applicable to whites 
and blacks alike. This law, " to prevent frauds ", or, in regard 
to blacks, to " prevent slaves from voting '', enacted : 

That whenever any black or mulatto person shall present him- 
self to vote at any election in this State, he shall produce to 
the inspectors or persons conducting such election a certificate 
of his freedom, under the hand and seal of any one of the clerks 
of the counties of this State, or under the hand of a clerk of 
any town within this State. 

The method of proof of freedom before a judge is prescribed, 
on which, when satisfactory, a certificate was to be issued, cer- 
tifying to the freedom of the black man, describing the person, 
his age, place of birth, and the time when he became free; the 
proof to be filed and the certificate to be recorded, and a certi- 
fied copy of the record to be the certificate presented when offer- 
ing to vote. Without producing such certificate, the black or 
mulatto person could not vote. In addition to producing the 
certificate he might be required to make oath that he was the 
identical person named and intended in the certificate, and a 
false oath in the matter was perjury. The judge or other officer 
taking proofs of freedom, on application of the black man, might 
issue a summons and compel the attendance of witnesses to 
prove such freedom. 

In a law passed Ap. 8, 1813, it was made lawful to remove any 
slave who should have left his master, or should have wandered 
from town to town, to the place of the settlement of his master. 



SLAVERY IN NBW YORK 297 

It is a Btriking revelation of the condition arising and increas- 
ing in the period when slavery in the state was moribund. Slaves 
'' leaving their masters ", and " wandering from town to town ", 
were doubtless the old and useless, for the most part. The con- 
stant effort of the law to compel masters to take care of such 
slaves discloses a prevalent disposition on their part to turn off 
their used-up slaves to shift for themselves or to be supported 
by the public. 
Chapter 203, laws of 1813, enacted: 

That the provisions of the Act entitled "An Act concerning 
Slaves and Servants " relative to importation and exportation 
of slaves, shall not be construed to extend to cases where persons 
residing within and near the boundary line of this State and 
owning and occupying land over the said line in an neighboring 
state, shall bring such slaves into or take them out of this State 
for the purpose of cultivating the land which they may so own 
and occupy in either state. 

In the revised laws of 1813, there is a reenactment of all then 
existing laws relating to slavery. 

As in the revolutionary war, so now, in the war of 1812, pro- 
vision was made by law for the raising of regiments in which 
slaves might become soldiers. This was done by "An Act to 
authorize the raising of two regiments of color ", passed Oct. 24, 
1814. The city of Washington had been seized by the British 
and the capitol and other public buildings burned. The Ameri- 
cans had been defeated here and there, and the desperate con- 
dition caused this last resort for the procuring of needed soldiers. 

§ 1 authorized the governor to raise, by voluntary enlistment, 
two regiments of free men of color, for the defense of the state, 
for three years, unless sooner discharged. § 3 required the com- 
missioned officers to be white men. § 4 oflficers and privates to 
be paid, etc. same as United States troops, and a bounty of f20 
given. § 5 provided that these troops might be transferred into 
the service of the United States. § 6 " That it shall be lawful 
for any able-bodied slave, with the written assent of his master 
or mistress, to enlist into the said corps, and the master or mis- 
tress of such slave shall be entitled to the pay and bounty al- 



298 XKW YOKK STATE LIBRARY 

lowed him for bis service; and further, that said slave, at the time 
of receiving his discharge, shall be deemed and adjudged to have 
been legally manumitted from that time, and his said master or 
mistress shall not thenceforward be liable for his maintenance." 
§ 7 provided for the settlement of such slave if he became indi- 
gent. 

Chai)ter 82, law« of 1814, amends the provisions of law of 1811 
as to the place where certificates of freedom shall be filed, in the 
citv of New York. 

Chapter 145, lawe of 1815, amends **An Act for regulating elec- 
tions '' passed Mar. 29, 1813, and affect New York city and county. 
A new provision is made, imposing i>enalties for wilfully or cor- 
ruptly refusing certificates of freedom, the law indicating the 
crimes that doubtless had been committed. 

Chapter 45, laws of 1816, provided, that former elavec? of those 
whose estates were forfeited should be maintained as paupers. 

Chapter 137,law^8 of 1817, contains a reenactment of ^hen existing 
laws relative to slaves and sen'ants, but they gave the final blow 
to the existence of slavery in the state after July 4, 1827. It was 
enacted '^ That every negro, mulatto or mestee within this state, 
born before the fourth day of July, one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety-nine, shall, after the fourth day of July, one thousand 
eight hundred and twenty-seven, be free." 

Chapter 141, laws of 1819, amending **An Act relative to Slaves 
and Servants," imposes penalties for sending to sea, or exporting, 
or attempting to export from this state, etc., any slave, or aiding 
in so doing, or conspiring so to do; declares the slave shall be 
free; but the act shall not apply to a slave pardoned by the exe- 
cutive on condition of leaving the state. Also, it gives to a 
person who resides or w^hose family resides a part of the year in 
the state and a part of the year in an adjoining state, the rigblt 
to remove his slaves with him ; and forbids the sale of such slave, 
if previously a resident of this state, to any person not an inliabi- 
tant of this state; the slave declared free, if so sold.| 

Prior to 1821 there was no distinction on account of color be- 
tween free negroes and the whites in the matter of suflPrage. A 



SLAVERY IX NEW YORK 299 

property qualification was required for all voters. That dis- 
tinction wa« first introduced into the state constitution of 1821. 
No property qualification was required, in terms, for white 
voters, but they must have paid taxes, or been exempt, or per- 
formed or paid for highway labor, within the year in which they 
offered to vote. Colored persons were not allowed to vote unless 
they had been citizens of the state three years, and were pos^^essed 
of a freehold of the value of f250 over and above all debts and 
incumbrances thereon, and had paid a tax on that amount. In 
1826 the requirement of property qualification for white voters 
was abrogated. In 1845, again in 1860 and still again in 1869, 
the question whether the property qualification for colored voters 
should be continued, was submitted to the people, and each time 
was decided in the affirmative, by steadily decreasing majorities. 
Finally, all distinctions between white and colored voters were 
wiped out by the 15th amendment to {he federal constitu- 
tion, ratified in 1870, which said: "The right of citizens of the 
United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the 
United States or by any state on account or race, color, or pre- 
vious condition of servitude." 

The fourth day of July 1827, was the day whl^n, according to 
the law of 1817, every slave in this state born before Jujy 4, 1799, 
became free. All children of slaves born after this latter date 
were free but remained servants till a certain age. Slavery, as 
such, had come to an end. Various laws and resolutions, how- 
ever, were passed by the legislature, from time to time, in the 
interests, and for the protection, of former slaves and other col- 
ored persons within the state, and in regard to the general ques- 
tion of slavery elsewhere in the United States. In some sense 
they belong to this history, and at all events are of interest in 
this connection. 

The revised statutes of 1828, pt 3, ch. 9, tit. 1, art. 1, relating 
to habeas corpus, regulated the procedure in regard to fugitive 
slaves from other states and claimed here by their owners, and 
provided various safeguards against the enslaving of free 
colored persons. 



300 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Part 1, ch. 20, tit. 7, of the same statutes, (1828), is largely a 
reenactment of various laws, but contains some provisions from 
which it will be seen that slavery was not, after all, wholly ex- 
tinguished in the state. The following is a summary of this law. 

§ 1 Persons held as slaves not to be brought into this state. 
§ 2 Last section not to discharge fugitives from other states. 
§ 3 Emigrants from other states may bring their slaves with 
them, if born after July 4, 179G, and before July 4, 1827. § 4 
Such slaves brought in since Mar. 31, 1817, shall be free, but 
remain servants, males till 28, females till 25 years of age. § 5 
Such persons brought after passage of this law to serve only 
till the age of 21. § 6 permits nonresidents traveling in the 
state to bring with them their slaves. § 7 Privilege of resident 
part of the year. (§ 3-7 are repealed by laws of 1841, ch. 247.) 
§ 8 & 9 Against selling any pers4)n as a slave. § 10 Forbid- 
ding transfer of service of certain persons. § 11 Certain con- 
tracts for service void. § 12 and 13 Against sending slaves or ser- 
vants out of the state. § 14 Inhabitants journeying may take 
servants on certain conditions. § 15 Persons of color owing ser- 
vice or labor in other states secreting themselves in vessels may 
be returned. (This provision held in violation of the U. S. consti- 
tution, in Kirk's case, 1 Parker's crim. rep. 67, on the ground 
that congress has already legislated on the subject.) 

§ 16 Every peison honi withiti this state, whether white or col- 
ored, is free; every person who shall hereafter he horn icithin this 
state shall he free; and every person hrought into this state as a slave^ 
except as authonzed hy this titlCy shall he free, 

Ch. 225, in laws of 1840, is "An Act to extend the right of trial 
by jury", and § 1 declares: "Instead of the hearing provided 
for" by the revised statutes, on habeas corpus, "the claim to 
the service of such alleged fugitive, his identity, and the fact 
of his having escaped from another State of the United States 
into this State shall be determined by a jury." If the finding 
of the jury was in favor of the claimant on all the matters, a 
certificate was to be given to such claimant, and the fugitive 
could be removed, etc. If, however, the finding of the jury waa 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 301 

against the claimant on any of the matters submitted to them^ 
" the person so claimed as a fugitive shall be forthwith set at 
liberty and shall never thereafter be molested upon the same 
claim; and any person who shall thereafter arrest, detain, or 
proceed in any manner to retake such alleged fugitive upon the 
same claim, or shall by virtue of the same claim remove such 
alleged fugitive out of this state under any process or proceeding 
whatever, shall be deemed guilty of kidnapping, and, upon con- 
viction, shall be punished by imprisonment in the State prison 
not exceeding ten years." The district attorney was required to 
render his services to the alleged fugitive, or counsel should be 
appointed by the court. There w^ere other incidental provisions, 
some imposing severe penalties for disregarding the terms of this 
law designed to protect the rights of the alleged fugitive. Be- 
fore the writ of habeas corpus should be granted, the applicant 
was required to give a bond in the sum of flOOO to pay all costs 
and expenses, and |2 weekly for the support of the alleged fugi- 
tive while in custody, and if the jury should decide against the 
claimant, to pay the expenses of the alleged fugitive. 

Chapter 375, in laws of 1840, being "An Act more effectually to 
protect the free citizens of this State from being kidnapped or 
reduced to slavery ", required the governor " to take such 
measures as he shall deem necessary to procure " that any per- 
son kidnapped, etc., be restored to his liberty, and returned. 
He might appoint agents to effect such restoration, who might 
perform journeys, take proofs, legal proceedings, etc. 

The last act, for many years, directly on the subject of slavery, 
was chapter 247 of laws of 1841, which repealed § 3, 4, 5, 6 and 
7, of tit. 7, ch. 20, of the first part of the revised statutes. These 
sections allowed slaves to be brought into the state, to pass 
through the state, etc. The repeal extinguishes all privileges 
of slave owners, and all ownerships in slaves within the state. 

The antislavery feeling in the state was not, however, satis- 
fied merely with having extinguished slavery within its own 
borders. It was as hostile to its existence elsewhere in the 
United States, but did not seek to interfere with it where already 



302 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

established or permitted by law. But it did propose that the 
evil should not be extended beyond those limits. The expression 
of that feeling is found in the " concurrent resolutions " passed 
by the senate and assembly of the state from time to time. In 
1847, during the Mexican war, with the prospect before their 
eyes that Texas and other territories would be added to our 
Union, they resolved " That if any territory shall hereafter be 
Acquired by the United States, or annexed thereto, the act by 
which territory is acquired or annexed, whatever such act may 
be, should contain an unalterable fundamental article or pro- 
vision, whereby slavery or involuntary servitude, except as a 
punishment for crime, shall be forever excluded from the terri- 
tory acquired or annexed.'' And in 1848, by concurrent resolu- 
tion, the senators in congress are requested to use their best 
efforts to insert into any act or ordinance, etc., provisions ex- 
cluding slavery; and in 1849, to the same effect. 

In 1852, by concurrent resolution, the senators and representa- 
tives in congress are requested to use their best efforts to have 
a joint committee appointed to prepare a compendium of the 
iirst and subsequent enumerations of the inhabitants of the 
United States, showing in separate columns the whites, the free 
persons of color, and the slaves, by sexes, etc. and the repre- 
sentation under each enumeration, etc.; all of which indicated 
pretty clearly an intention to prepare for a vigorous attack on 
slavery in its relations to representation in congress. 

In 1855, the legislature by concurrent resolutions declared that 
the bill, in congress, organizing the territory of Kansas and 
Nebraska and repealing part of the Missouri compromise pro- 
liibiting slavery, etc., was a gross violation of good faith. It 
demanded of congress the enactment of a law declaring that 
slavery shall not exist except where it is established by a local 
law of a «tate, thus restoring by positive statute the prohibition 
of slavery in the territory of Kansas and Nebraska. They de- 
^"lared " that the piM>ple of the State of New York will not con- 
sent to the admission into the I^nion of any state formed out of 
Kansas and Nebraska unless itB constitution shall prohibit the 



SLAVERY IN NEW YOKK 303 

existence of slavery within its limits." They denounced the fugi- 
tive slave law of 1850; and demanded the right of free discussion, 
etc. 

The intensity of feeling at that pi^riod is shown in the con- 
current resolutions of Ap. 16, 1857: ** That this state will not 
allow slav(»ry within her borders, in any form, or under any pre- 
tence, or for any time however short. — That the Supreme Court 
of the United States, by reason of a majority of the judges 
thereof having identified it with a sectional and aggressive party, 
has impaired the confidence and respect of the ptH)ple of this 
etate." The governor ifi requested to transmit a copy of tlie 
resolutions to the respective governors of the states of this 
Union. 

Ap. 12, 1859, they resolvi^d: ** That this legislature and the 
citizens of this State look with surprise, mortification and de- 
testation uiK)n the virtual reopening, within the federal union, 
of the slave trade; that against this invasion of our laws, our 
feelings, and the di<*tates of Christianity', we solemnly protest 
here, as we will protest elsewhere, and especially at the ballot- 
box;'' . . . and call for the punishment of those engaged in 
the slave trade; and the governor is ^* required to transmit a 
copy of this resolution to the legislatures of the several states 
of the Union and earnestly request their cooperation in arrest- 
ing this great wickedness." 

Jan. 11, 18(15, by concurrent resolution, the legislature in- 
structed their senators in congress to secure a resolution sub- 
mitting a proposition to amend the federal constitution by add- 
ing thereto art. 13, prohibiting slavery in the United States; and 
February 2 following they ratified, by resolution, the 13th amend- 
ment that congress proposed. April 22, the same year, they 
passed a law ratifying the same amendment, probably on the 
theory that ratification by resolution was insufficient, or at least 
not sufficiently formal. • 

The next, and last, act of legislation of the state in any way 
affecting the subject of slavei^ was passed Feb. 20, 1883, (ch. 
30), and was in these words: *^ Title seven, chapter twenty, part 



304 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

one, Volume one of the Revised Statutes is hereby repealed," 
thus wiping out the last vestige of slavery legislation from the 
statute books of the state. 

INDIAN SLAVES 

Frequent reference is made in the colonial records and laws, 
not only of New York but also of other colonies, to Indians as 
slaves. Indian slavery in some form existed in all or nearly all 
of them. We know that the Indians of the West Indies, from an 
early period, were made slaves; that the Spaniards made slaves 
of captives from the continent to some extent; that the Indian 
tribes made slaves of their captives in war, and sometimes sold 
them to the whites. 

In Massachusetts, in 1637 and after, many captive Indians 
taken in the Pequot war were made slaves, and were sent to the 
Bermudas and there sold. Hugh Peter wanted "some boyes for 
the Bermudas " from these captives. Domestic Indian slavery 
existed at the same time, and the statutes of the colony made 
constant allusion to the fact. 

In King Philip's war, 1675-78, numerous Indian captives taken 
were disposed of as slaves. In 1675, 112 men, women and child- 
ren of the Indians were, by the council of Plymouth, ordered 
sold, and they were accordingly sold. A little later, 57 more 
were sold. In all, in 1675-76, 188 were sold for £397 13s. The 
" Praying Indians " themselves did not escape the common fate 
of captive Indians. They all went, when captured, into West 
Indian slavery. The lawfulness of the slavery of both Indians 
and negroes was recognized by the " Code of 1650 " of the col- 
ony of Connecticut. Indian slaves were imported into Pennsyl- 
vania from Carolina and elsewhere. 

In Virginia, by and act passed in 1676, all Indianfi taken in war 
were to be held and accounted slaves during life. In the same 
jear it was enacted that Indian captives taken by soldiers in war 
should be the property of such captors. The Indian captives of 
neighboring Indians were sold to the whites as slaves; and this 
was made lawful by an act passed in 1862. 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 303 

Turning to New York, the evidence is not conclusive that 
Indians were enslaved during the Dutch period, within the prov- 
ince at least. It is probable, however, that the Dutch some- 
timed made slaves of Indian prisoners. 

In a communication of the " Eight Men ", from Manhattan, to 
the Amsterdam chamber of the West India company, in 1644, 
they say: "The captured Indians who might have been of con- 
siderable use to us as guides, have been given to the soldiers as 
presents, and allowed to go to Holland; the others have been 
sent off to the Bermudas as a present to the English governor," 
presumably as slaves. 

During the English period, thpre is frequent reference to In- 
dian slaves. " According to the Minutes of 1679, it was resolved 
that all Indians within the colony were free — nor could they be 
forced to be servants or slaves — and if they were brought hither 
as slaves, a residence of 6 months should .entitle them to free- 
dom." But this rule did not prevail at a later period in the 
English colony, as is evident (from both documents and laws. 

In the narrative of grievances against Jacob Leisler, appears 
this: "The same night (Dec. 23, 1689) an Indian Slave belonging 
to Philip French was dragged to the Fort (New York) and there 
imprisoned." 

The colonial act of May 1, 1702, is the first act mentioning 
Indians as slaves. A tax is levied "upon every Negro or Indian 
Slave Imported in this Province from their own Countries." The 
next is an act passed Oct. 21, 1706: "Whereas divers of her 
Maties good Subjects, Inhabitants of this Colony now are and 
have been willing that such Negro, Indian and Mulatto Slaves 
who belong to them and desire the same, should be baptized," 
etc. The same act declared " That all and every Negro, Indian 
Mulatto and Mestee Bastard Child & Children who is, are and 
shalbe born of any Negro, Indian, Mulatto or Mestee, shall fol- 
low ye state and Condition of the Mother & be esteemed reputed 
taken & adjudged a slave & slaves to all intents and purposes 
whatsoever." An act of Sep. 18, 1708 speaks of " Negro, Indian 
•or other Slaves." 



306 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Lord Cornbury wrote to the board of trade, Feb. 10, 1707-8,. 
as has been eaid in a preceding chapter: '* A most barbarous 
murder has been committed upon the family of one Hallett by 
an Indian Man Slave, and a Negro Woman, who have murdered 
their Master, Mistress and five children/' 

In 1712, the Lords of trade, at Whitehall, recommended the 
reprieve of Hosea and John, ** Spanish Indians," convicted of 
participation in the insurrection at New York in that year. 

Among the slaves imported from the West Indies and Brazil, 
very probably, were Indian slaves of those countries. This of 
itself may be some explanation of the frequent reference in the 
acts of the colony to Indian slaves, but there were evidently other 
Indian slaves. 

It is more than probable that some Indian slaves of the Indian 
tribes, made such by capture in war, were purchased by the col- 
onists and held as slaves. 

In 1702, in " Propositions made by 5 of the farr Indiajis," the 
" Pani " (Pawnee) Indians are spoken of as " the Naudowassees 
by ye French called Pani, a nation of Indians that live to the 
Westward towards ye Spanyards," with whom these " farr In- 
dians " were at war. Schoolcraft, speaking of the " Pawnees 
(Pani)'\ says: *^ The Pawnees were formerly a brave, warlike 
tribe, living on the Platte lliver in Nebraska. Their history, 
until a recent date, is one of almost constant warfare with the 
Dakotas." It is pretty certain that these " Panis'' were among 
the Indian slaves of the colonists. 

In " the Paris Documents," of occurrences in Canada during the 
year 1747-48 the Jounial, under date of Nov. 11, 1747, recites: **The 
4 Negroes and a Panis, who were captured from the English dur- 
ing the war and had run away from Montreal, as mentioned in the 
entry of the 28th of October, in the preceding Journal, have been 
overtaken and brought in today; we intend to put them on board 
a small yessel bound to Martinico, the last in port; these slaves 
will be sold there for the benefit of the proprietors." 

In the entry of Oct. 28, it is said : " We learn from Montreal 
that 4 to 5 negroes, who had been taken from the English daring 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 307 

the war, have deserted. . . It will be proper, henceforward, 
to send all these foreign negroes to the Island to be sold there/' 
The '* Panis " was here included in the " 4 to 5 negroes, who had 
been taken from the English during the war." 

The same journal, under date of Dec. 1, 1747, recites the find- 
ing of some " Dutchmen " among the Indians, who had been 
adopted, for which reason the Indians would not sell them for 
money, " but they will exchange them for Panis men or women. 
. . . We shall wait until the coming down of the Michilimak- 
inac canoes to buy some prisoners at a lower figure than could 
be done now." 

M. Varin, in a letter to M. Bigot, from Montreal, July 24, 1754, 
in giving an account of a battle with the English, and of the 
losses of the Canadians, says: "Mr. Pean's Panis has been also 
killed ". This was at Fort Necessity, Fayette co. Pa, 

In the articles of capitulation for the surrender of Canada, 
between Gen. Amherst, commander in chief of the British forces, 
and the Marquis de Vaudreuil, governor and lieutenant general 
for the king in Canada, Montreal, Sep. 8, 1760, art. 47 as pro- 
posed by the French, recited: 

The Negroes and Panis of both sexes shall remain in their 
quality of slaves, in the possession of the French and Canadians 
to whom they belong; they shall be at liberty to keep them in their 
service in the colony, or to sell them ; and they shall also continue 
to bring them up in the Roman religion. 

The British general wrote opposite the proposition: "Granted; 
except those who shall have been made prisoners." Those, we 
may assume, were carried off as spoils of war, " Panis " as well 
as "Negroes." 

If farther proof were needed of the fact that the British kept 
Panis Indians as slaves, we have it in the " Articles of Peace be- 
tween Sir William Johnson and the Huron Indians, made at 
Niagara, July 18, 1764". They contain the following: 

Article 2nd. That any English who may be prisoners or deser- 
ters, and any Negroes, Panis, or other Slaves, who are British 
property, shall be delivered up, within one month, to the com- 



308 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

mandant of the Detroit, and that the Hurons use all possible 
endeavors to get those who are in the hands of the neighboring 
Nations; engaging never to entertain any deserters, fugitives or 
slaves; but should any such fly to them for protection, they are 
to deliver them up to the next commanding officer. 

Judge Matthews, of Louisiana, in the case of Seville vs 
Chretien, in which an Indian sought " to recover his liberty," 
says: 

It is an admitted principle, that slavery has been permitted and 
tolerated in all the colonies established in America by the mother 
country. Not only of Africans, but also of Indians. 

In The State (New Jersey) vs Waggoner, April term, 1797, 
the court says: 

They [Indians] have so long been recognized as slaves in our 
law, that it would be as great a violation of the rights of prop- 
erty to establish a contrary decision at the present day, as it 
would in the case of the Africans, and as useless to investigate 
the manner in which thev originallv lost their freedom. 

Judge Matthews, in the Louisiana case above cited, says that 
the permission to introduce negroes " was intended as a means 
of enabling the planters to dispense with the slavery of the 
Indians by their European oonquerers." He says farther: 

About twenty years after, [the introduction of slaves into 
Virginia by the Dutch], slaves were introduced into New Eng- 
land, and it is believed that Indians were at the same time, or 
before, held in bondage. . . The first Act of the legislature of 
the Province of Virginia on the subject of the slavery of the 
Indians was passed in 1670, and one of its provisions, according 
to Judge Tucker, prohibits free or manumitted Indians from pur- 
chasing Christian servants. The words free or manumitted are 
useless and absurd, if there did not exist Indians who had been 
slaves and had been manumitted, before and at the time this Act 
was passed. 

In the case of Gomez vs Boneval, in Ix)uisiana, 1819, the court 
said: 

But the descendants of Africans are not the only subjects of 
American slavery. The native Indians have also been enslaved, 
and their descendants are still in slavery. 



SLAVERY IN NEW YORK 309 

These citations, it is true, do not conclusively prove that In- 
dians were ever held as slaves in New York; but do show that 
it was a common custom in the colonies to hold them as such. 
Presumably, the same custom prevailed in New York. 

Aaron Schuyler, of New York, in 1693, gave to his daughters. 
Eve and Cornelia, by his will, two houses and lots on Broadway, 
New York, with an Indian slave woman to each. (W. B. Melius) 

Mr Melius, of Albany N. Y. who has made this subject a mat- 
ter of fipecial study, says: 

I do not believe the pure Indian was sold as a slave. There are 
cases on record wherein Indian women would bind themselves to 
white men and become their servants. I know of no case where 
they were afterwards sold as chattel, and believe the Indian who 
wafl the elave was not without mixture. . . We find that 
Sarah Robinson, an Indian woman and native of New York, 
landed at Southampton and came into the possession of Robert 
Waters, and was sent as a slave to Madeira and there returned by 
the English council to New York. I believe this not to be a pure 
Indian woman, but amalgamated. . . In 1717, complaint was- 
made that slaves ran away and were secreted by the Minieinke, 
and they intermarried with the Indian women. 

On all the evidence on the subject, however, it is safe to say 
that Indian slaves were owned in the colony of New York. At 
one period, they were, probably, Indians imported from the West 
Indies and Brazil. At another period " Panis " Indians were 
slaves. Some Indians, specially Indian women, voluntarily be- 
came " servants " or slaves. The children of free Indians and 
slave mothers of African blood were slaves, following the con- 
dition of the mother. It is highly probable that Indian slave 
captives of the adjacent warlike tribes were purchased from 
these tribes by the English, and remained slaves. It is not im- 
probable that some of the weaker tribes contributed in various 
ways to the number of Indian slaves. 

It is improbable that any of the stronger tribes, like the proud 
and warlike Six Nations, were ever made slaves. 

That Indian slavery in some of these forms existed in New 
York is reasonably certain. The statutes for a long period re- 



310 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

peated the phrase " Indian slaves '', which is a clear recognition 
of an existing fact. And the fact that Indian slavery existed 
in all the surrounding colonies leads to the same conclusion. 

It is noticeable that ^* Indian '' slaves are not mentioned in 
the acts of the legislature of the state, though the colonial laws, 
down to the end of the colonial period, speak, in almost every 
statute relating to slavery, of " Negro and Indian slaves/' 



INDEX 



The superior figures tell the exact place on the page In ninths; e. g. 253" 
means page 253, beginning In the third ninth of the page, i. e. about one 
third of the way down. 



Albany, escape of slaves from, 262*- 

64*, 279*; slavery In revolutionary 

times. 282'-83». 
Andros, Gov., on number of slaves 

in lens, 258*. 
Angola, slave trade. 250*. 
Animals, reward for killing, 281*- 

82«. 
Anti-slavery movement, 292*, 294*, 

295S 301M». 

Bancroft, George, on abolition of 
slavery, 292*. 

Baptism, not to give freedom, 257*- 
58*. 264^ 289*. 

Bellomont, Gov., on conversion of 
slaves, 257*; on slaves as soldiers, 
259^; on slave trade with Mada- 
gascar, 259». 

Billop, Christopher, concerning 
captured slaves, 258*. 

Brazil, slave trade, 248«, 250*. 

Canada, escape of fugitives to, 258?- 
69*. 262*-G4*, 275*, 279». 

Census of slaves, 267*, 284*. 

Children, of free slaves, 247*, 251^ 
to be adjudged slaves, 2G5^ 289^ 
to be free, 292»-93», 293% 299' 
maintenance of pauper children, 
293», 294»; education, 295^ 

Clarke, Lieut-Gov., on conspiracy 
of mU 276'-77«. 



Conspiracy of slaves, act prevent- 
ing, 265"-0G», 2m\ 274'; in 1112, 
2G7''-68*; in llkl* 275»-78*. 

Contracts with slaves, void, 269*, 
274^ 

Conversion of slaves, 255*, 256^-57*; 
not to give freedom, 257*-58*. 

Crosby, Gov., on harboring slaves, 
275". 

Denon-ville, Gov. de, on fugitives to 
Canada, 258*-59'. 

Dongan, Gov., on conversion of 
slaves, 256»-57\ 

Du Bois, W. E. B., estimate of 
slave population of New York, 
285»-86\ 

Dutch, slavery under, 246*-54'; In- 
dian slavery under, 305^ 

Duties on slaves imported, 260*, 
2G6^ 267*, 274», 279^ 

Education of children of slaves, 

295^ 
Elections, laws relating to, 296^, 

298«. 298''-99». 
Emancipation, see Manumission. 
England, slavery in, 257*. 
English in New York, slavery 

under, 254*-83'*; Indian slavery 

under, 305*. 
Evidence, see Testimony. 

Firearms, use by slaves, 271\ 275*. 



ai2 



INDEX TO SLAVKRY IN NEW YORK 



Free blacks, children of, 247*, 26V; 
kidiiai)i)lng, 294\ 301'; number In 
colonial New York, 284' ; property, 
270^ 275*; as soldiers, 207'; voting, 
29GS 298', 298*-9a». 
Freedom, petition for, 246M7^ 
Fugitives, laws relating to, 255', 
25G^ 2G2*-04*, 299", 300^; harboring, 
201», 270', 274', 290^ 

Gideon (ship), cargo of slaves, 252'; 

arrival, 253^ 
Glide, Symen, contract with, 252'. 
Gravesend, petition to directors ai 

Amsterdam, 25P-52'. 

Humphreys, M. G., Life of Catherine 
Schuyler, extract from, 282'-83". 

Hunter, Gov., on stealing by slaves. 
207»; on conspiracy of i7/;<?, 2G8'- 
09*; on manumission of slaves, 
272-; on duties on negroes, 274°. 

Indian slavery, 243», 304'-10=. 
Indians, slaves employed to attack, 

251*, 259*; slavery among, 259". 
Insurrections, see Conspiracy. 

Kidnapping, 301'; of free* blacks. 
294», 301'. 

Liquor, sale to slaves prohibited, 
267«, 274\ 281S 200\ 294\ 

ICadagascar, slave trade with, 259^ 

Manumission, granted by director of 
New Netherlands, 247-, 250»-5r; 
laws relating to, 27(y, 272=-73\ 
274", 288«-89», 290*-91^ 298^ for 
military service, 287^ 298'; of 
slaves becoming properly of state, 
288S 291"; by quakers, 292'; regis- 
tered certificates of, 288"-S9'; by 
will, 270*, 272% 273% 274", 289% 
290^-9r. 

Marriage of slaves, not to give free- 
dom, 257^-58'; legalizing, 294». 

Matlier, F. G., on conspiracy of 
i74/, 277»-78\ 



Matthews, Judge, on Indian slavery, 

308'. 
MegjiiKdeusis, Johannes, requests 

freedom for certain negroes, 250*. 

Melius, , on Indian slavery, 309'. 

Michaelius, Jonas, quoted, 241\ 
Military watches, establishment, 

278-. 
Murder, punishment for, 265'-66*, 

271% 275% 

Neg^es, see Slaves. 

New York society- for promoting the 

manumission, of slaves, incor- 

l>o rated, 2J>4% 

Orange county, taxes on slaves, 
282'. 

Patroons, slaves alloted to, 248% 
Property, of free blacks, 270% 275*; 
requirements for suffrage, 298*- 
99". 
Punishments, laws relating to, 256% 
2G<.)*, 205', 209% 274% 281% 290^, 
291"; for conspiracy, 2G8»; for 
murder, 271% See also Whipping. 

Quakers, opposed to slavery, 291*- 
92% 

Belig^ous instruction of slaves, 
295% See also Conversion. 

Uoyal African company, slave 
trade, 254% 

Runaways, see Fugitives. 

Slave trade, of West India com^ 
pany, 245', 2i8% 249*, 254* ; of 
Koyal African company, 254\ 

Slavery, efforts to secure abolition, 
292% 294', 301M'; abolition by 
law in 1H^7, 244% 298^ attitude of 
northern people toward. 245^; 
under the Dutch, 246^-54*; In 
England, 257*; under the English, 
254'-83''; growth, 244-; early legis- 
lation, 255% 2G0»; laws after i827,. 
299% 304'; moral questions, 244»- 



NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 



313 



46\ 286*; a national institution, 
243^; under stato jrovornmont. 
28«r-304=. Svr also Indian slavery. 

Slaves, aged and deeivpit 280^-81', 
28S», 21K)», 297', 208=; belonging tu 
confiscated estates, 287»-8S', 21)1'; 
conversion, 255*, 25(5''-57'; conver- 
sion not to give freedom, 257*-58^ 
executed, compensation for, 260\ 
273', 275*, 270"; penalties for ex- 
porting. 208'; liability to for- 
feiture. 2()2-; importing forbidden. 
28ir; imported temporarily from 
other states, 207*; individuals as 
owners. 240'; introiluction into 
New York, 244=, 246"; introduction 
into T'nited SUites, 24;j»-44^; num- 
l)cr In colonial N<»w Y'ork, 2rv8", 
268*, 284'-8r»'; prices, 240«, 270*, 
282»; selling, 20.r; selling pro- 
hibited, 288^ 280"; as soldiers, 
251', 250*, 287*, 207-; trading with 
forbidden, 255'-5(t*, 2^>0^ 274", 200' ; 
right of trav(?lers to be accom- 
panied by, 21Kr. *S'rc also Indian 
slavery. 

Soldiers, slaves as. 251\ 250*, 287-, 
2QT. 

State government, slavery under, 
2»M04% 

Stealing, prevention, 267". 



Stuyvesant, Peter, on slaves as 
payments for certain obligations, 
2.VJ"-.').'J'; on events attending sur- 
render of New Amsterdam, 253\ 

SufTiag(\ pi*oof of freedom re(iuired. 
2tH}', 20S'; qualifications, 208'-0y. 

Tanidudnr, first African slave ship, 

2o(f. 
Taxes on slaves, 207*, 305"; In 

Orange county, 282*. 
Testiiiwmy of shives, 20r, 275-. 200=; 

illegal against freemen, 205'. 
Tienhoven, Sec, on manumission of 

slaves, 251'. 
Trading with slaves forbidden, 255*- 

."iO'. 2r,0\ 274«, 290V 
Tiials of slaves, 271*, 275». 280", 200=', 

Voting, laws relating to, 20C^ 298», 

21KS"-0JK'. 

West India company, slave trade. 
245». 24f^\ 240*, 254'; slaves belong- 
ing to manumitted, 240»-47», 251'. 

Whipping, laws relating to, 200', 
2(;5\ 270*, 274', 281". 

Willet, Tli«)ma8, agreement with, 

252*. %^ 

AvTllTams, G. W., History of the 

negro race, extract from, 254*. 









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Mkltii- Oewev Oiitdur "^ 

BulJetin 57 
HISTORY 5 

DUOBipnVH LWtf 

FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 

UOPIEIi rOB NEW TOUK BTATU UUIUaY 
NAXIOHAL &BOmVJ»t AMI) NATKIKAL UBirARV AT VKUIS ISK 






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■899 John T. McDhsddoh LI-B. LL.D, Secreury of State, ex officio 

1900 TaoMAii A. Hkndiiick M.A. LI..D. - . _ Rodiestei 

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University of the State of New York 



New York State Library 

Melvil Dewey Director 

Bulletin 57 

HISTORY 5 

DESCRIPTIVE LIST 

OF 

FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 

COPIED FOR NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

FBOX 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND NATIONAL LIBRARY AT PARIS 

1888 

PREFACE 

The present list, prepared in reply to a recent inquiry of the 
Alabama History Commission, contains a full description with 
bibliographic notes of a collection of French manuscripts copied 
for the New York State Library from the National Archives 
and the National Library at Paris, a special appropriation of 
fSOO having been voted by the Legislature for this purpose May 
9, 1888. A glance at its contents will show both the miscellane- 
ous character and the very unequal value of the manuscripts, 
due to the fact that they were selected, not as a special col- 
lection, but as part of a large body of documents relating to 
America to be completed by monthly instalments till all the 
government records, including those of the Navy Department 
and the Department of Foreign Affairs, were exhausted. The* 
proposition for furnishing such an extensive series of certified 
copies, either to the State of New York or the federal govern- 
ment, originated with M. Albert Leeoy de la Marche, archiviste- 
pal^ographe at the National Archives, and was first communi- 
cated to Mr Berthold Fernow Feb. 5, 1888, by Mgr Bernard 
CBeilly, then in Paris for literarv work. 



320 NEW YORK STATB LIBRARY 

The first instalment of papers, numbered 1-17, was forwarded 
June 5, at a charge of $349.77. Soon 33 more papers followed 
and on August 2 a third series, numbered 51-80, was completed. 
The sums paid amounted respectively to |232.66 and f217.57, 
making with the first charge a total of fSOO, or the full sum 
appropriated. As many desirable papers remained to be copied, 
Chanc. H. R. Pierson in submitting the 71st annual State 
Library report to the Legislature recommended an additional 
appropriation of fSOO for completing the work. As late as 
January 1890, however, no further action had been taken and no 
more documents were procured. 

Of documents 1-50, mentioned above, a brief list appeared in 
Annual Report of the New York State Library, 1889, 71 : pref. p. 13- 
14. Three of these papers or, if a note attached to one is 
counted as a distinct document, four are at present wanting. 
The first, " La reprise de la Floride par le chevalier Gourgue," 
no. 27 in the list, is mentioned in a letter from M. Lecoy de la 
Marche as among tJie vianti^oripts returned; the others, no. 37, 
37bis and 49, all relating to the discoveries of Mathieu Sagean, 
are not specified, but no other documents of no. 1-50 being 
missing, they apparently form part of the manuscripts referred 
to and must also have been returned. Of the series 51-80, no. 57, 
a letter from Franklin to Washington, is also wanting and no 
evidence exists as to whether it was returned or not. 

Every effort has been made to discover if any of the remain- 
ing documents were printed, the result being that of the 76 
manuscripts containing 88 distinct documents and covering 
together 1615 folio pages, 16 documents, with 689 pages, or more 
than a third of the entire collection, were found to have beeu 
in print either in part or entire at the time of the purchase. 
Since then eight other documents, being letters to and fvoui 
De Kalb, and filling 10 pages, have appeared in Stevens's Fac- 
similes, Adding the fact that several documents are copied 
apparently not from originals but from more or less authentic 
copies, the selection as a whole can not be called fortunate, yet 
a few papers are of considerable interest; among these the 
various memoirs and letters relating to the Vicomte de Mauroy, 
one of the officers who left France with La Fayette in 1779. 



DBSGRIPTIVB LIST OF FRE^NCH MANUSORIPT8 321 

The arrangement of the list is chronologic, the place of each 

'document being determined by the earliest date occurring. 
Where two or more distinct documents were found in one manu- 
script, paged continuously, the tendency has been to place them 
together under one number; where no connection whatever 
existed between the papers, or the dates differed too widely 
to be conveniently grouped together, the documents have been 

\separated, each receiving its strict chronologic place. 

For convenience of reference the manuscripts are numbered 
consecutively. The figures following in curves indicate the 
order in which the papers were received and correspond with 
those penciled on the manuscripts themselves. 

Four lists of documents and maps, submitted by M. Lecoy 
de la Marche Sep. 11, 1888, after the appropriation had been 

• exhausted, are printed on p. 368-77. The first two of these lists 
show the full extent of the papers which remained to be copied 
in the National Archives and the National Library; the other 
two are intended merely as a brief indication of the resources of 

"the departments of the navy and of foreign affairs. 

A valuable article by Henri Stein on the changes introduced 
in the general organization of the French archives by decree of 
Feb. 23, 1897, and on the interior arrangement of the National 
Archives at Paris, appeared under the title " Les archives en 
France et les archives nationales k Paris" in NederUmdadh 

^rchievenhlady 1898-99, p. 71-78. The article is accompanied by a 
photographic view showing a suite of rooms on the second floor 
of the building, where the series K, frequently referred to in the 
present list and embracing what is termed the " Monuments 

^historiques ", is kept. 

Ap. 10, 1900 A. J. F. VAN Lajjr 

ABBRBVIATIOIVS 

. Arch, nat Archives Nationales 

. Bibl. nat Biblioth^^que Nationale 

-Margry Margry, Pierre. DScouvertes et §tablissements des Frangals 

dans Fouest et dans le sud de I'Am^rique septentrionale, 

1614-1754. Par. 1876-86 
' S4r. K S^rie K (Monun^ents historiques) 

Stevens Stevens, B. F. Facsimiles of Mss in European Archives Re- 

latinjr to America. 1773-83. Lond. 1889-98 
•Winsor Winsor, Justin. Narrative and Critical History of America. 

.Bost. 1884-89 



322 NE2W YORK STATE LIBRARY 



DESCEIPTIVE nST OP MANUSCRIPTS 

1567-68 Oourgnes^ [Dominique de] d. 1583. La reprise de la 

Floride par le chevalier Gourgue. 1 (27) 

Blbl. nat 

This manuscript, no. 27 in the list printed in Aivnaal Report 
of the Neu> York State Librury, 1889, 71: pref. p.13-14, was 
returned after it had been copied. Parkman in his Pioneers of 
Fra/nce in the New Worlds Bost. 1894, p.l59, mentions two copies 
of the narrative, one of which, bearing the name of Robert 
Provost, has been printed entire in Ternaux-Compans's YoyageSy 
relations et mSmoires originaux pour servvr d Vhistoire de la 
dicouverte de VAmMque, Par. 1837-41, 20 :301-66. See also " De 
quarta Gallorum in Floridam navigatione sub Gourguesio, anno 
1567," in Theodor de Bry's Collectiones peregritKitionwm, Pranco- 
furti, 1590-1634, v. 1, pt 2, 4th voyage; translated in Hakluyt's 
Voyages, Lond. 1599-1812, 3:356-60. 



Extrait d^un m^moire du 17e si^le sur les d6cou- 

vertes des Portugais. 3p. 2 (54) 

Arch, nat S6r. K, no. 1333 

Part of a document without date. A note at the end reads, 
"Le reste du m^moire concerne les d^couvertes des Portugais 
dans les Indes orientales." 

Columbus stopped in 1493 at Lisbon with Indians and gold 
from an island which he called Sipango.^ In order to keep his 
discoveries secret, King Don Juan was advised to put Columbus 
to death. He refused but sent a fleet to intercept Castilian 
vessels. Don Manuel of Portugal sent a fleet of 13 ships with 
1200 men under Pedralvarez Cabral [Mar. 9, 1500]. Met with 
severe storm near Cape Verde. One ship returned to Lisbon; 
others came at 10° s. lat. to an unknown coast. The natives 
being hostile they reembarked and followed the coast till they 
found a good harbor, which they named Puerto Seguro. Cabral 
planted a large cross and called the country Santa Cruz, soon 
changed to Brazil. He sent one ship home to report the dis- 
covery and sailed with the others to the Cape of Good Hope. 
A terrific storm, lasting 20 days, destroyed four of the ships; 

*A marginal note says, "This Island SIpango or Zipanga is spoken of by 
Marco Polo and placed by him in the extreme East beyond China. 
Columbus sought this island, which is Japan, and found America." 



DESCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 323 

among the men drowned was Bartolomeu Diaz. Cabral 
arrived with six ships at Sof ala bank. 

No date Decouverte de V Am^rique. 4p. 3 (24) 

Bibl. nat Ms. frang, no. 13424 

A paper without name or date, giving a general summary of 
discoveries in North and South America. 

[Between Mcmoires et advis donn^z au Roy sur le faict de la 
1610-21] navigation et commerce de PAm^rique et les ordres 
des Arm^s d'Espagne. 20p. [p. 6 is repeated] 4 (28) 
Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 23042, 17e sidcle 

Anonymous memorial written betwe^en 1610 and 1621, accord- 
ing to two phrases on p. 12, in which Henry 4 of France is 
referred to as " le roy d'heureuse m<^moire," and the 12 years 
truce between Spain and Holland as " ce qui a contraint le roy 
d'espagne k leur demander la paix, convertie depuis en cette 
trefve de douze ans." 

Account of the immense wealth derived by Spain from the 
West Indies and the means employed in extending her trade 
to the detriment of that of France. Spanish residents in France 
are allowed to import and export without paying the heavy 
duties to which French merchants are subjected, while the ships 
of the latter are detained in Spanish ports and the sailors 
induced to serve on Spanish vessels. In order to secure part 
of the Indian trade, it is recommended that the government 
supervise the sending out of well armed merchant vessels, main- 
tain a severe discipline among the sailors, repair and fortify 
the harbors Havre de Gr^ce and Dieppe, so as to offer the 
required shelter against pirates, and finally to build some five 
or six men-of-war to serve as escorts. 

11078?] [Benaudot, Eosebe, ahU, 1640-1720] Mcmoires de 

Mr de la Salle sur le Canada. 65p. 5 (15) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1232 

Anonymous document, without date. It is divided into three 
parts, of which the first, bearing the above title, and the second, 
headed " Histoire de M. de la Salle," are printed entire in 
Margry, 1:345-^01, as " R^cit d'un ami de I'abb^ de Gallin^e.'* 
A note on p. 345 ascribes this " R<§cit " to the abb4 Renaudot. 
J. G. Shea, discussing its historical value in his Bursting of 



324 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Pierre Margry^s La SaUe Bubble, N. Y. 1879, p. 9, quotes Park- 
man as being strongly inclined to think that Louis Armand de 
Bourbon, second Prince de Conti, is the author, but from a 
revised edition of La Salle cmd the Discovery of the Great West^ 
Bost. 1899, p. 95, it appears that Parkman accepted Margry's 
supposition as the correct one. Cf. Camille de Rochemonteix's 
Lea Jismtes et la Nouvelle France, Par. 1895-96, 3:50-58, notes; 
Justin Winsor's Cartier to FrontenaCy Bost. 1894, p. 222-28; 
P. ChesnePs Histoire de Cavelier de la Salle, Par. 1901, p. 46-47. 

Part 3 of the document, covering p. 58-65, is entitled,. 
" M^moire de la conduite des J^suites en Canada," and contains 
a summary of complaints, largely taken from part 1. 

1683-99 Sagean, Mathieu, 16557-1710? (1) Relation des 

d^couvertes de Mathieu Sagean; (2) Note jointe k 

cette relation; (3) Ahr6g6 de la relation de Mathieu 

Sagean. 6 (37, 37 bis, 49) 

Bibl. nat. 

These three manuscripts, being no. 37, 37bis and 49 in the^ 
list printed in Annual Report of the New York State Library, 1889, 
71: pref. p. 13-14, are wanting and were probably returned. 
No. 1 and 2 are doubtless the same as either " D^couverte du 
pays des Acaanibas par Mathieu Sagean et ses aventures, 1683- 
99," printed in Margry, 6:93-174, or its abstract Extract de la 
relation des aventures et voyage de Mathieu Sagean, Nouvelle-York, 
1863. No. 3, said in a list by A. Lecoy de la Marche to contain 
1400 words and therefore much shorter than the Extrait, may 
be the same as the abridged form of the latter, referred to by 
J. G. Shea in his translation of Charlevoix, N. Y. 1866-72, 4:117, 
as having been printed in the Mercure galant, November 1711. 

1686 Fragment des m^moires de Mr de la Salle sur le 

to^' Canada (Suite). 72p. 7 (16> 

1687 

26 Dec. 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1232 

This is part of an account, by unknown author, of a voyage 
of inspection undertaken for the " Compagnie frangaise " [Com- 
pagnie du Sc^n^gaU?]. Forty-two pages relate to the Bissagos 
islands and the Rio Grande [Senegambia, W. Africa], 15 pages 
to Haiti and the rest to Holland. The title is obviously errone- 
ous. The account is mainly of interest for its descriptions of 
places and sidelight on slave trade. 

The writer arrives toward August 1686 at Bisseau and makes 
various excursions to neighboring islands and the Bio Graiule 

*Cf. Margry, 5:589. 



DDSCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSORIPT8 325 

in company with commissary De la Pond. Libelous reports 
having been spread about the latter by jealous employees of 
the company, De Bourguignon and Cassagnet are sent to relieve 
De la Fond of his functions and on Jan. 28, 1687, his administra- 
tion passes into their hands. De la Fond resolves to sail for 
Spain, but before doing so visits Gor^e and other places in order 
to collect some young slaves, on which trips he is accompanied 
by the writer. Together they return Ap. 6 to Gor^ and find 
there the Sir^ne, a ship of the company, under Capt. Canut of 
Dieppe. Hearing that M. Francois, interested in the company, 
is shortly to arrive and verify accounts, the writer, ill pleased 
with the company for not having received any communication, 
decides to return to France on the Sir^ne by way of the Antilles. 
They leave Ap. 27 with a cargo of slaves, arrive June 6 at 
Port de Paix [Haiti] and are welcomed by Gov. de Cussy. They 
reembark July 10, taking with them 5000 bales of tobacco, some 
leather, indigo and silver; sight Aug. 10 the coast of England 
and sail past the Texel to Amsterdam. The writer receives 
a letter from the company stating that they have recognized 
their mistake in recalling De la Fond and make a new contract 
with him. He is shortly to arrive at Amsterdam to buy suitable 
supplies for Africa. Goods are bought there 60jif cheaper than 
in France. The writer visits Leiden, Haarlem, Dort and other 
places and returns by way of Antwerp, Brussels, Valenciennes 
to Paris, where he arrives Dec. 25, 1687, 22 months after his 
departure. 

[Before [Penalosa, Don Diego Dionisio de, 1642-87] M^moire 

1687] pour la d^cottverte et la conqueste des Pays de 

Quivira et de Thequaye, dans I'Am^rique Septen- 

trionale. 18p. 8 (39) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 0097 

This memoir begins with the statement that the writer has 
been governor and captain general of New Mexico and under- 
took in 1662 an expedition to the kingdom of Quivira, west of 
the Great lakes, where he received reliable information of the 
existence of rich gold mines in Thequaye, which is separated 
from Quivira by a range of mountains and bounded on the west 
by the Pacific ocean. Having opposed the Inquisition, he was 



326 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

obliged to seek refuge in France, to whose gOTernment he now 
proposes the conquest of those countries. 

It appears from these facts that the author of the memorial 
is no other than Pefialosa, a sketch of whom will be found in 
Margry, 3:.*59-44. For a translation of this sketch see Nicolas de 
Freytas's Expediiion of D, D. de Penalosa^ ed. by J. G. Shea, N. Y. 
1882, p.8-12. 

A note on the manuscript reads: "Ce m^moire fut pr^sent6 
au Ministre de 1699 k 1700 par un espagnol qui Pa dress^. En 
1701 on commen^a h Pex^cuter." Margry [3:44*] states that 
Pefialosa died at Paris 1687, showing some discrepancy with the 
above note. 



1691 Hemoire au sujet des Isles frangoises de I'Am^rique. 

^ "^"^^ 28« aoust 1691. 6p. 9 (20) 

Arch. nat. S(^r. K, no. 1368 

Anonymous memorial treating of the means of defense of the 
five islands of the lesser Antilles then belonging to France: Mar- 
tinique, Guadeloupe, Grenada, Santa Cruz and Marie Galante. 
Recommends that a few ships be sent as soon as possible to 
assist Martinique against an attack by the English which is 
expected in October, and not, as was proposed, a fleet of 12 ves- 
sels, which would take long to equip and probably arrive too 
late. 

1698 Copie d' une lettre de Mr , qui 6tait sur le vais- 

16 Oct. 

to seau de Chataumorand dans le voyage quMl a fait 

23^ne proche Tembouchure du fleuve du Mississipi au com- 
mencement de Tan 1699. 3p. * 10 (8) 
Blbl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

Left France Oct. 15S 1698, on the Frangois under De Chateau- 
morand with orders to join D'Iberville and De Surg^res at Santo 
Domingo. Sailed from there Jan. 1^ and arrived Jan. 24 off 
the coast of Florida. Following the coast to the westward 
found Pensacola occupied by a Spanish force which had been 
there since Sep. 23, 1698. Anchored at Mobile bay, but finding 
only 13 feet of water, moved further on till they came to a good 
roadstead between some islands. D'Iberville landed and com- 

'Of. Wlnsor, 5:16, note 2. 
*Same, 5:16*. 



DEISCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 327 

municated with the natives, three of whom he brought on board 
his ship. The Francois running short of provisions, left Feb. 21 
and reached Santo Domingo Ap. 1. Sailed May 10 for France 
and arrived Juno 23 at Port Louis. 

i?^^ Journal du voyage fait h Pembouchure de la riviere 

24 Oct. *^^ 

to du Missi«sipi par deux fr^gattes du Roy, la Badine, 

1 July commandee par Mr D'Iberville et le Marin, par Mr 

le Chevalier de Surg^res, qui partirent de Brest, le 
vendredy 24 octobre 1698, oil elles avaient rel^ch6, 
^tant parties de la Rochelle, le cinqui^me septembre 
pr<^c^dent. De retour le V^ juillet 1699 k Rochefort. 
60 p. 11 (26) 

Blbl. nat. Ms. fraug. no. 9097 

This journal is printed with many changes in spelling and 
punctuation in Margry, 4:213-89; source "Biblioth^ue 
Nationale. Fonds L^nard. 1628, ancien num^ro. Supplement 
fran^ais". According to Report on Cwnadian Archi/ves, 1883, 6:158, 
this Fonds Ij^onard is the same as no. 9097 of the Biblioth^que 
Nationale and, despite the changes, it seems probable that the 
manuscript and the printed copy were made from the same origi- 
nal. B. F. French's Historical Collections of LfOtiisiann, N. Y. 
1846-69, 2:86, cites the journal as " Biblioth^que du Roi, no. 628 
Sup. fr., large folio, 86 pages ", which reference is doubtless the 
same as Margry's. J. G. Shea's translation of Charlevoix, N. Y. 
1866-72, 5:117, mentions also a copy of the journal, but does not 
give the source. 

l©98 Beauchesne, [Oouin] de. Relation du voyace du Sr 

7 Dec. 7 L J .7 o 

to de Beauchesne au Chilly dans la mer du Sud de 

i'au TAm^rique par le destroit de Magellan, envoy6 par 

une compagnie form^ expr^s k Poffre d'y establir le 

commerce. (II partit en 1698. II est revenu en 1701, 

le 7® aoust, k la rade de la Rochelle.) 20p. 12 (45) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

Document marked in the margin " par Mr Beauchesne " and 
beginning as follows: ** Je partis de la Rochelle le 7 D^cembre 
1698 [on the Philippeaux], en compagnie du vaisseau le Comte 
de Maurepas [commanded by De Terville] et la Corvette la 
Bonne Nouvelle [under the Sieur Perat]." The date of return 
\b given at the end as " le 1«^ aoust " [1701]. An account of the 



328 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

voyage will be found in "An extract from the journal of the 
Sieur de Villefort, ensign on board the Philippeaux," printed in 
John Callander's Terra AuatraMs cognita, Edin. 1766-68, 3:56-66. 
J.C.F. Hoefer's Nouvelle hiographie generale, Par. 1855-85, 4:910* 
refers for other accounts to Wood's Cruizing Vo^ge, Lond. 1718,. 
and "Navigation aux terres Australes," Magasin pittoresque, 
1858. 

1698 Autre Relation curieuse du voyage du Sr de Beau- 

17 Dt<?. 

to chesne au Chilli dans la mer du Sud de PAm^rique, 

iJ^ct P^^ ^^ d^troit de Magellan, envoys par une Compagnie 

forni^e expr^s h Foffre d'y establir le commerce^ 

parti en 1698 et revenu en 1701. Par un officier de 

vaisseau qui a fait ce voyage. 36p. 13 (48) 

Bihl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

This narrative, written by an officer on board the Philippeaux, 
contains many details not found in De Beauchesne's journal,^ 
among others a full account of the Valdivia incident. The date 
of departure from La Rochelle is given as Dec. 17, 1698. The 
"Extract from the journal of the Sieur de Villefort" (see pre- 
ceding number), which is apparently not made from this narra- 
tive, says, "We sailed from the Pertius d'Antioch Dec. 17^ 
1698." The journal breaks off abruptly at Oct. 18, 1701. 

1698-1701 Uemoire abr^g^ du voyage de Mr de Beauchesne- 
dans la mer du sud par le ddtroit de Magellan en 1698,. 
1699 et il est revenu en 1701. 2p. 14 (33) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. franc, no. 9097 

An account of the attack on the Maurepas at Valdivia^ 
Chile, followed by the statement that the profits of the expedi- 
tion would have been enormous if the cargo, consisting mainly 
of linen, had not for the greater part been spoiled. Every piece 
was sold and 140,000 piasters were received. No dates men- 
tioned in the text. 

1699 Information concernant Taflfaire de Darien, en 1699^ 
12p. 15 (14> 

Blbl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9097 

An anonymous memoir setting forth the rights of Spain to 
the province of Darien and the injustice of the recent occupation 



DB8CRIPTIVB LIST OP FRBNCH MAXUSORIPT8 329» 

by the Scotch; app<irently referring to the colony founded at 
Acta, now Port Escoces, on the isthmus of Panama, by William' 
Paterson, who sailed July 26, 1698, from Leith. 

See The Darren Papers, Edin. 1849, ed. by J. H. Burton, pub- 
lished by the Bannatyne Club; also Rev. Francis Borland's His^ 
tory of Darien, Glasgow, 1779. 

[1009?] Extrait d'un factum historique touchant le dif- 

f^rend des flibustiers avec Mr de Pointis, qui prit et 

pilla la ville de Carthag^ne dans PAm^rique en 1697. 

4p. 16 (11) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

Abstract of the factum or memoir prepared by M. Gallifet for 
M. de Pontchartrain and stating the case, then pending before 
the royal council, in regard to the share of plunder due to Gov. 
du Casse, the inhabitants of Santo Domingo and some free- 
booters who took part in the expedition under De Pointis 
against Cartagena. They sailed Mar. 31 [1697] with 29 ships 
from Cape Tiburon and landed Ap. 6. The spoils are said to- 
have amounted to 30,000,000 livres. Spanish letters of " the 
26th of last month" say 39,000,000 livres. 

A note at the end states that the case was judged in October 
1697; this should probably be 1699 (see no. 19). See J. B. Des- 
jeans de Pointis's Relation de V expedition de Carthagine, Amst. 
1698. 

1699 Decouverte de Pembouchure du Mississipi dan» 

26 June 

to TAm^rique. 3p. 17(6) 

29 July gj^j j^^^ ^g trvLTLQ. no. 9097 

Three unsigned letters, dated as follows: 

1 Paris, June 26, 1699. The Marquis de Chateaumorand ar- 
rived a few days ago at Port Louis. A letter from him received 
there May 30 states that he and D'Iber ville arrived about three 
months ago at the mouth of the Mississippi, that they sailed up- 
the river and found a party of Spaniards occupying two forts. 

2 Paris, July 20, 1699. D'Iberville intends to come to Paris as^ 
soon as matters are arranged at Port Louis. He has brought 
Indians with him from the Mississippi to learn their language. 

3 Paris, July 29, 1699. D'lber ville has received orders to stay 



330 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

at Port Louis and make preparations for a colony of men and 
women to be sent to the Mississippi in September. Gov. du 
Casse of Santo Domingo is to be replaced by Lieut. Col. Bouloc. 

[|^Rooi»eiie [Lc Moyne] d'lbcrvillc, [Pierre] 1661-1706. Lettre 

29 June] d^ Mons^ d'Iberville; ou, Relation de son voyage fait 

par ordre de la Cour k Pembouchure du fleuve de 

Mississipi dans TAm^rique au commencement de 

rann^el699. 8p. 18(10) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

This account of D'Iberville's first voyage corresponds for the 
greater part with a document printed in Margry, 4:116^-28^ as a 
letter from D'Iberville to the Ministre de la Marine, dated " La 
Rochelle, 29 juin, 1699." It begins: 

Monsieur, J'ay cm que vous trouverrlez bon que Je vous envoyasse un 
I)etit m^molre H mon arriv^e de tout ce que J'ay fait dans mon voyage de 
la coste de Florlde, depuis mon depart de St Domlngue qui f ut le premier 
Janvier en compagnie de Mr de Chateauiborand et Surg^res, nous fismes 
la route du Oap Saint Antoine de Cubes que nous doublftmes le 15 Janvier 
au matin. Cette riviere est a vingt lieues ft Touest d'un 6tablissement. 

and ends (cf. Margry, p. 127^): 

Le 3e de May nous avons appareill6 SurgSres et moy de la rade, et 
sorty pour faire la route de France, et de debarquer par Boama, un coup 
de vent de sud et de Bourne nous ont s6par6 ft 80 lieu6s au nord ouest du 
grand Ban le 7 de Juin, il ne tardera pas ft arriver nos vaisseaux 6tant 
ass6s 6gaux de voile. Voilft en abr^g6 ce que J'ay fait dans mon voyage 
dont J'ay est6 bien aise de vous faire part. Sign6: d' Iberville 

Neither the date of the letter nor the parts printed by Margry 
on p. 125^-27^ and 127^-28^ are found in the manuscript, indicating 
that it is probably a transcript of a rough draft or an abridged 
copy of the document used by Margry. The source of the latter 
document is not given, hut to judge from the heading is more 
likely the Minist^re de la Marine than the Biblioth^que 
Nationale. 

1699 Uemoire de Mr de Sacy touchant Tentreprise de Mr 

24 July 

de Pointis sur Carthag^ne; k Paris ce 24 JuiUet 1699. 

3p. 19 (13) 

Bibl. nat Ms. f rang. no. 9007 

This paper begins: 

II parait un imprimfi en douze feuillets et demy in folio fait par le Sr. de 
Sacy avocat; intitule : M^moire servant de d6bat pour les Sra. int^resses 
en rarmement du Sr. Pointis oyans Compte, contre le S**. Pointis et de 
YanoUes rendant compte. 



DBSCIUPTIVB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSORIPT8 331 

An abstract of this memoir, showing that De Pointis, com- 
mander, and De Vanolles, paymaster, defrauded their associates 
in the expedition against Cartagena in 1697 of some 600,000 
€cus, is then given, followed by a note stating that De Pointis 
won his suit toward the beginning of October 1699 and was 
appointed chef d'escadre. 

Appended is an abstract from a letter, dated " de la Rochelle, 
le 3 Novembre 1700," saying that Commandant de laGalisonni^re 
arrived at La Rochelle from Cartagena and reported that the 
inhabitants are of opinion that M. de Pointis complied with the 
rules of warfare, but that they complain of the filibusters for 
plundering the city contrary to instructions. The people are 
tired of Spanish rule and the abuses of the governors. 

1699-1721 Penicaut, b. 1680/ Relation ou annalle veritable, de 
ce qui S'est pass^ dans Le pais de la louisiane pen- 
dant vingt deux ann^es cons^cutifes, depuis le com- 
mencement de I'Etablissement des frangois dans le 
pais par Monsieur D'hyberville, et Monsieur Le 
Comte De Surg^re, en 1699, continu($ jusqu'en 1721, 
oil il est fait mention des guerres des frangois avec 
les Sauvages, Du cours ef de PEtendue du Missicipy, 
des rivieres qui tombe dedans ce fleuve, des mines, 
de la Religion et des moeurs des Sauvages, de leurs 
vivres, de leur chasse, de leur Nopce, de leurs festes, 
de leurs obs^ques et de leurs festes. Des Conces- 
sions qu'y poss^dent k present Les frangoi«. Avec 
I'Histoire galante d'un capitaine frangois et la fille 
d'un Capitaine de cavalerie, Espagnol du Mexique. 
179p. 20 (52) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 14613 

Relation opi^ns with a dedication to M. Dartaguiette Biron, 
signed Penicaut. 

This identical journal is printed with slight variations in 
punctuation and phraseology in Margry, 5:375-586; for intro- 
duction, notes and summary see same volume, p. 689-94. Ac- 
cording to p. 690 it was formerly marked no. 653 of the Supple- 
ment frangais. E. J. Forstall in his list of documents relative 
to Louisiana (see B.F.Frenclr's HiMorical CoUectUm^s of Louisiana, 
N. Y. 1846-69, 2:86) mentions a copy as 650 of the Biblioth^que 



332 NBW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

•du Roi, small quarto, methodically written and divided into chap- 
ters, 374 pages, but no doubt refers to the same document, 
as in Report on Ccmadian Archwea, 1883, 6:157, the ms in volume 
14613 of the Biblioth^que Nationale is also said to contain 
374 pages. Of a translation of P^nicaut's journal found in 
French's Historical Collections of Louisia/na and Florida^ new ser. 
I^. Y. 1869 [v. 6 old ser.] p. 35-162, J. G. Shea in his translation 
of Charlevoix, 5:118, says in a note: "Penicaut will always be 
cited in the notes from a careful copy made under M. Margry's 
direction. French's translation is evidently made from a care- 
less abridgment, with dates and names subsequently supplied 
or altered from other sources; it can not be cited with confi- 
dence." 

•1700 Lettre ^crite k 45 lieuSs de Tembouchure du Missis- 

sipi, le 27 f^vrier 1700. 6p. 21 (7) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang; no. 90&7 

Date given in the title is erroneous. 

Account of a voyage undertaken with D'Iberville. Left Cape 
Frangois, Santo Domingo, Dec. 12, 1699, and anchored Jan. 8, 
1700, at the island Surg^res. Learned there that in August of the 
previous year an English frigate had been seen sailing up the 
Mississippi, and was ordered to return by De Bienville. Em- 
barked Jan. 15 for Fort Maurepas. D'Iberville left Jan. 30 to 
establish a fort 20 leagues up the Mississippi and visited Mar. 23 
the rest of the party, who had crossed Lake Pontchartrain and 
established a post 45 leagues from the mouth. De la Haute 
Maison arrived Mar. 27 with marines, sent by D'Iberville from 
Bayagoulas. 

^<X) Hemoire conoernant le Mississipi. 3p. 22 (42) 

Bibl. nat Ms. franQ. no. 9007 

An anonymous letter dated, "A bord de La Benommde, 23 
aoiHt 1700," and written soon after the arrival in France. It is 
not De Ricouart's letter of same date in Margry, 4:386-91. 

The writer states that there are two large rivers flowing west, 
called by the natives the Orabache^ and the Missoury, the latter 
being supposed to empty into the Pacific ocean near the famous 
mines of Potily. More than 50 nations, numbering not over 

*The St Jerome, heretofore called the Ouabache, see Winsor, 5:283. 



DESCMPTIVB LIST OP FREXNCH MANU80RIPTS 333 

1000 people each, live near the Mississippi. They have no relig- 
ion but observe some ancient pagan customs. On one occasion 
during a thunderstorm three children were thrown into the 
flames as a sacrifice. Armed Spaniards came from New Mexicp, 
apparently to drive the French away, but finding them superior 
in number to themselves, their visit assumed a friendly char- 
acter. No new discoveries were made and a second voyage will 
probably be undertaken to supply the two forts and explore the 
country. Anchor was weighed at New York and the West 
Indian islands. 

^J^«, [Bicouart, de] Campagne du vaisseau La Be- 

(Sep. ?j 

nomm^e en 1699 et 1700 dans I'Am^rique, sur la 

riviere du Mississipi. 4p. 23 (25) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. f rang. no. 9007 

A note at the end reads: " La pr^sente relation a 6t4 envoy^e, 
par Mr Ricouard, Lieutenant du vaisseau au Port Louis, et du 
Port Louis icy." 

Reached the coast of Florida [Biloxi] Jan. 8 of this year 
[1700]. Found the garrison well and the natives friendly. 
Small English frigate appeared September of last year but was 
ordered to leave. D'Iberville left his ship in command of the 
writer and went up the Mississippi to build a new fort. Sailed 
up the river in canoes, a distance of 150 leagues, visiting the 
native tribes along the shores. D'Iberville intended to travel 
westward, where gold and silver mines are said to be, but being 
prevented by fever he detached his brother [De Bienville] on 
this expedition. The latter came within 10 leagues of the mines, 
but having been delayed by freshets was obliged to return. This 
officer is now again on his march with a strong detachment and 
reports of the mines may be had at the next voyage. All the 
writer can say now of the country near the Mississippi is that 
though the roadstead is excellent, no harbor could be found and 
the soil near the mouth is unfit for cultivation. Unless the 
court wish to establish a post whence an attack could be made 
on the gold mines of Vera Cruz, he thinks it undesirable to 
found a colony there. Has been three times to Versailles and 
:given a minute account to De Pontchartrain, but the king does 



334 NE?W YORK STATE LIBRARY 

not want to decide before seeing D'Iberville, who is at present 
recovering from illness at La Rochelle. 

The latter facts indicate that the letter was written toward 
the end of 1700. 

Cf . " M. de Ricouart au ministre de la marine, k bord de la 
Eenomm^, ce 23 aoust 1700," Margry, 4:386-91; "D'Iberville au 
ministre de la marine, 7 septembre 1700," Margry, 4:370-77; 
" Journal du voyage du chevalier D'Iberville sur le vaisseau du 
roi la Renomm^e [Dec. 22, i699-May 28, 1700]," Margry, 4:393- 
431; " Copie du journal du Voyage de M. de Bienville des Taensas 
au village des Yatach^s par les terres [Mar. 22-May 18, 1700]," 
Margry, 4 :432-44. 

1700 [Tonti, Alphonsc de, baron de P(Uiidy] Extrait 

d'une lettre de M^ de Conty k W de Villiemont sur 

la riviere du Mississipy, escrit k Qu^becq le 13® 8^*^ 

1700. 3p. 24(41) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. f rang. no. 9007 

Internal evidence shows that the spelling of the author's name 
in the title is erroneous and that the document must be attrib- 
uted to Henri de Tonti's brother Alphonse, who was sent in 
June 1701 with De la Mothe Cadillac to construct a fort at 
Detroit. 

Thanks De Villiemont^ for the interest taken in his promotion, 
which will make it easier to support his large family. Has five 
boys and two girls, including the one at Paris. Is also obliged 
for his pains in the affaire de Lion. Trusts it entirely to M. 
Collin. D'Iberville sailed up the Mississippi and had an inter- 
view with the writer's brother.^ Does not think that it led to a 
combined effort. The latter regrets to see an undertaking pass 
to other hands which after all his pains and sacrifices belongs 
by right to him. He is in straits for money and the court will 
have to come to his assistance. 

Posts on the Mississippi must not be neglected, as this would 
involve the loss to France of the whole country and the beaver 

- - I I ■ l_Lm_B_B1iJ J 

*Cabart de ViUermont, see Margry, 4:444. 

'This passage refers apparently to the Interview between D'Iberville and 
Henri de Tonti, Feb. 16, 1700. See Journal historique de V^tahlissement de$ 
FratiQaia d la Louisiana Nouvelle-Orl6ans, 1831, p. 28. See also " liStter 
from M. de Calli^res to M. de Pontchartrain, Quebec, 16 Oct. 1700," 
Dooumenta relative to the Colonial Hutory of the State of Netc York, 9:712-15. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP PRBN€H MANUSCRIPTS 335 

trade. The governor forced the Iroquois to sue for peace and 
controls all the other nations through them. Sends by 
M. B^gnon 144 of the best ouragons. 

}J^ Extrait d'une lettre eecrite de la Bochelle le 28 

28 Oct. 

octobre 1<00, concernant la d^couverte de Mr d'lber- 

ville sur la riviere du Mississipy, en 1700. 2+lp. 

25 (43) 
Bibl. nat. Ms. f rang. no. 9007 

The writer has seen D'Iberville, who showed him some curios 
from the Mississippi which he intends to send to the court. 
They are: a bezoar stone found in a deer's stomach, some 
ugly perforated beads and a skein of buffalo wool, dyed and 
spun by the natives. The Spanish would like to destroy the 
new post but are not suflQciently equipped for such an 
expedition. 

A note dated La Bochelle, Dec. 18, 1700, which is attached 
to the above anonymous abstract, states that the nations on 
the Mississippi have been converted by De Montigni^, mission- 
ary and grand vicar of the bishop of Quebec, and are very 
desirous of embracing the catholic faith. 

1700 Lettre de Bochefort sur la colonie du Mississipi. 

15 Nov. 

2p. 26 (38) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

Anonymous letter dated Rochefort le 15^ novembre 1700. 

Part of this letter, abbreviated and changed from the first 
to the third person, is printed in Margry, 6:177, as "Extrait 
d'une lettre sans nom." Source, Biblioth^que Nationale. The 
remaining portion, which may afford a clue to the authorship 
of the document, is briefly as follows: 

The writer is fitting out a small craft for the Mississippi and 
one for Guinea. The Avenant has returned from Plaisance and 
Acadia. De Villabon, governor of Acadia, died. The codfish 
catch has been poor, but not so for the English. Writer is very 
busy equipping the warships for St Jean de Luz. 

"Frangols Jolliet de Montigny, see Cyprien TanguaJ-'s Repertoire gdn^al 
du clerg^ canadien, Montreal 1893, p. 76. 



336 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

28^ Lcttrc et note sans signature. 2+lp. 27 (44) 

to » 

1701 

Jan. 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9097 

The letter, dated La Rochelle, Dec. 26, 1700, is in brief as 
follows: 

News of Sep. 1 has been received from Santo Domingo, stat- 
ing that D'Iberville's colony on the Mississippi is daily 
strengthened. The Spanish are still unfriendly but feeling may 
change when the news of the Due d'Anjou's succession to 
the Spanish throne reaches them. D'Iberville improved the 
harbor so that lighters can be dispensed with. The country is 
still uncultivated and supplies are sent now and then from 
Santo Domingo. Sugar manufacture in the latter island 
flourishing, expect to produce about 2,000,000 livres. 

The note, written at Paris toward the middle of January 1701, 
contains the following: 

D'Iberville has been for the last three weeks in Paris and 
is preparing a memoir setting forth that the Spanish have every 
reason to be well disposed toward the French settlement on the 
Mississippi as it serves to protect their gold mines against the 
English. He has shown a draft of his memoir to the Spanish 
ambassador Castel des Rios, who promised to support it. 
D'Iberville is to leave in March and has meanwhile sent the 
Perle d'Orient to the Mississippi. 

1701 Uemoire concernant la riviere du Mississipi. 1+lp. 

2 June '^ *^ 

28 (46) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. f rang. no. 9097 

Anonymous letter, dated, "A Rouen ce 2 Juin 1701 " and note 
dated " En fdvrier 1701." 

Received yesterday a letter from Paris, dated May 29, in 
which one of my friends who accompanied the biwhop of Quebec 
on his visit to his diocese writes that a missionary who came 
from the Mississippi told him that the distance by land from 
Quebec to the mouth of the Mississippi is 700 leagues. By 
water the route is nearly 200 leagues up the St Lawrence, 
through the country of the Illinois and down the Mississippi 



DBSCRIPTiyB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSORIPTS 337 

nearly 300 leagues, the latter journey through a country like 
Provence. 

The king wants to settle this country on account of the gold 
and silver mines of Ste Barbe. De la Salle first discovered the 
Mississippi but could not find the mouth, which was discovered 
by a " gentilhomme canadien." 

The note of February is in brief as follows: 

D'Iberville, who has been for the last two months in Paris, 
told one of his friends that during his last voyage to the Mis- 
sissippi, while he was staying in a native village, a temple in 
which a continuous fire is kept was struck by lightning and 
burned down. The priest declared that the only way to appease 
the gods was to sacrifice some children and thereupon five 
women each brought one child and threw it into the flames. 

^^ An Detroit dans TAm^rique, ce 20 7^^^ 1701. Des- 

cription succinte du pays oil les Frangais du Canada 

se sont nouvellement ^tablis. 3p. 29 (9) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. f rang. no. 9007 

A note in the margin reads, " C'est le destroit des 2 lacs k 
150 lieues au sud de Montreal an dela du lac de fontreval 
[Frontenac or Ontario] dans le voisinage des Iroquois." The 
letter is a copy without signature and begins: 

Je ne say Mr. &i vous avez appris que Mr. [JerOme] de Pontchartrain a 
ordonn6 qu'on establit ce poste; quoy qu'il en soit Je vous dir6 que Mr. 
de Conty [Alphonse de Tonti] a est6 cholsy de Mr de Cailliers [Oallifires] 
pour en faire T^tablissement avec Mr de la Mothe [CadiUac] qui en a le 
commandement. Pour cet effet nous sommes partis avec un J6sulte 
[Father Valllant du Gueslls] qui s*en est retoum6, un R^colet [Father 
Delhallc], 2 officiers subalternes [Dugu6 and Ghacornacle] et 100 hommes 
le 5e de Juin 1701 prenant la route de . . . tanas [Outaouais or Ottawa]. 

Having described the strait, the writer says that the plan 
is to build boats at Katarakuy in order to transport goods to 
Niagara, where a fort is to be erected. From there they will 
proceed by wagon to other transports which will ship them to 
a place where they can be sent to the Miamis at Chicago on 
the bay. The fort is about 200 feet square (un arpent en 
quarr^) and stands on a slope at the narrowest point of the 
river; a beautiful site for a future large city. The climate is 
like that of Touraine, the soil is fertile and game and fish 
abound. Post will be useful against the English and as a check 



338 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

on the Iroquois. The proximity of French settlements and large 
numbers of missionaries will render it easy to convert the 
natives. 

See Margry, 5:135-346; C. M. Burton's Camions YiUage, 
Detroit 1896, p. 5-6; Rev. Camille de Rochemonteix's Les Jesuites 
et la Notwelle France, Par. 1895-96, 3:508-10; Francis Parkman's 
Half Century of Conflict, Bost. 1892, 1:25; J. G. Shea's Histonj of 
the CathoUc Church in Colonial Daps, N. Y. 1886, p. 620. 

1702 Lc Flic. Extrait d'une lettre du m^me de Mr 

15 Mar. 

LeFlie. 3p. 30(47) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. f rang. no. 9097 

Dated " De La Mobille, fort k 30 lieu^s de la riviere du Mis- 
sisisipi, k 12 de Passacola, ce 15® mars 1702." 

Arrived May 31, at Fort Bilocsis [Biloxi] ; found everybody 
well. Toward the end of September 1701 fever appeared. Not 
one of 120 men escaped, while the governor and 20 men died. 
D'Iberville arrived Dec. 15. Fruit, game and fish are plentiful 
here, the climate is like that of Provence, mulberry trees are 
common and silk might be produced. Fort at Biloxi has been 
taken down. De Bienville commands at Mobile and Bois-bril- 
lant at the Mississippi, no other forts being left. Obtained a 
piece of land from D'Iberville and bought a young sow. D'lber- 
ville has promised to send negroes from Guinea. 

A note at the end reads : " Voyez une lettre de Rochef ort du 
7« juillet 1702, dans le portefeuille des lettres historiquos du 
temps." 

1702 Extrait d'une lettre de Rochefort du 10 de juillet 

1702, contenant les r^ponses k diverses questions 

faites k Mr d' Iberville sur son voyage au Mississipy^ 

depuis qu'il en est de retour. 2p. 31 (40) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9097 

The captain [Dlberville] says that after destroying the fort 
at Biloxi, which was unfavorably situated, he had another built 
at Mobile. The Spanish garrison at Pantacolas is only 180 men 
strong and their fort in bad shape. The Indians are very 
friendly toward the French and 25,000 of them are now under 
French control. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 339 

D'Iberville has put Mr [Henri] de Tonti, " le manchot," in 
command of a fort eight leagues from the Chicoiialles and peace 
has been concluded between this nation and the Ghicachas or 
Chicacos. The country is very fertile and lead and copper 
abound. An attempt will be made to domesticate the buflfalo. 
D'Iberville spent 15 days at Havana and made the voyage from 
Cuba to La Rochelle in 34 days. 

1702 Rcmonville, de. Lettre histbrique touchant le Mis- 

6 Aug. 

sissipi ^crite k Paris le 6 aoust 1702 par Mr Bemon- 
ville int^ress^ dans la compagnie de Mississipi avec 
Mr Le Sueur. 4p. 32 (35) 

Bibl. nat Ms. frang. no. 9007 

The first and the last parts of this letter are printed in abbre- 
viated form in Margry, 6:89-90 and 6:179. The source quoted is 
^^Biblioth^que Nationale, Fonds Leonard." A summary of the 
remaining part is as follows: 

Sugar and bananas planted on the lower Mississippi suffered 
from frost. A new fort has been built on the west side of the 
Mobile river, 14 leagues from the entrance [of the bay?]. Boats 
are being built there suited for the trade on the coast and the 
neighboring rivers. A fort will be established on the west side 
of the entrance of Mobile [bay] and if the soil permit, another 
opposite it, on Massaire [Massacre] island. 

The fort on the west bank of the Mississippi, 18 leagues from 
the mouth, and commanded by De St Denis after Sannole's 
[Sauvole] death, will be removed to a spot 11 leagues higher up, 
on the east bank. 

1704 Lettre anonyme relative k I'^tablissement du Mis- 

sissipi. 4p. 33 (34) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 9007 

Dated : ** Du fort Louis de la Louisiane ou du Mississipi, le 
10 septembre, 1704." 

Letters of Oct. 6, 1702, and Aug. 6, 1704, received. Supplies 
having run short at the fort, half the garrison was sent hunt- 
ing. Coming back, the writer received order from De Bienville 
to take command of the fort on the Mississippi in De St Denis's 
Btead. On his return found his house in ruins and all his pigs 



340 NEJW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

and chickens gone. Occupy at present a bluff eight leagues 
from the mouth of Mobile river. Have only 100 men, while the 
Alabamians and the Conchaques, who have become hostile at 
the instigation of the English, number 1600. Of five men, sent 
to buy corn, three were killed. De Bienville set out with 60 
French and 300 natives to avenge them. Were obliged to re- 
treat, but the following month surprised a party of hunters. 
Natives threaten to return, 1200 strong, together with English 
from Carolina. Rev. du Ru has not come back; place will be 
taken care of by seminary of Quebec. Have no intercourse with 
the Dutch and are on good terms with the Spanish. 

The writer had a narrow escape on his passage from Biloxi 
to Cape Frangois. Has recently become halberdier in De Chat- 
teauguet's*^ company. Four families, 25 girls and some children 
arrived, but the post is in no better condition than six years 
ago. Expects D'lberville in seven or eight months. 

17-P Etat actuel de PAm^rique et de ses Souverains. 

4p. 34 (36> 

BlbL nat. Ms. frang. no. 9097, 18e si^cle 

An anonymous paper written after the treaty of Utrecht^ 
1713, and giving a brief geographic description of the prin- 
cipal colonies and islands of North and South America, with 
the names of the countries to which they belong. 

1718 La Harpe, Benard de. Journal du voyage de Louisi- 

to ane par le Sr Bernard de Laharpe et des d^couvertes- 

2s^ qu'il a fait dans la party de Touest de cette colonie. 

*^ £ 202p. 35 (80), 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 14613 

This paper contains besides De la Harpe's journal proper a 
number of letters, accounts of expeditions, instructions and 
memorials, which, according to the text, were inserted by direc- 
tion of the author. A few of these documents are printed in 
Journal histarique de VHahUssement dea Franqais d la Loui9ia/ney 
Nouvelle-Orl^ans 1831, an anonymous compilation, largely 
founded on De la Harpe's journal and attributed by Margry to 
Chevalier de Beaurain; others, as well as parts of the mala 
journal, appeared with slight variations in Margry, v. 6. The 
source of these additional documents is invariably given by 

^Chateauguay, one of DTbervllle's brothers, see Wlnaor, 5:23*. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 341 

Margry as "Archives de la Marine," that of the journal as 
" Biblioth^que Nationale, Fonds fran^ais 8989," showing that 
Margry probably had access to another copy, without the docu- 
ments. E. J. ForstalPs list of documents relating to Louisiana^ 
in B. F. French's HistoriccU Collections of Louisiana, N. Y. 1846-69, 
2:86, cites one journal of De la Harpe and describes it as 
no. 1074 of the Biblioth^ue du Roi [now Biblioth^que Natio- 
nale], large folio, 160 pages, the title being identical with the 
one given above. A brief r^sum^ of the parts of the paper 
which are not printed, with references for the others, is as fol- 
lows: 

p. 1-178. Leaves St Malo Ap. 10, 1718, on the Victoire. Is 
obliged to put back to Falmouth. Leaves May 3 for La Rochelle 
and finds the Duchesse commanded by La Salle and the Marie 
under Japy waiting to be escorted. Sails May 25 for Cape 
Francois. List of officials at Santo Domingo in 1718. Leaves 
Aug. 2 for Dauphin island. De Bienville and Hubert arrive 
from Mobile. Communicates his plan to establish a post above 
Natchitoches on the Red river. Leaves Nov. 7 for New Orleans. 
Account of the discovery of the Mississippi. Description of 
that river. Description of New Orleans. 

see Margry, 6 :243-54^ 

see Margry, 6:193-94. 

see Margry, 6:200^-200^ 

Abstract of journal of Derbanne; for entire journal 

see Margry, 6:202«-ll*. 
see Margry, 6 :200^-2«. 
see Margry, 6 :254M6. 
see Margry, 6:309-15. 
see Margry, 6 :297-^06. 
Journal of De la Harpe, Jan. 1-Ap. 6, 1720. 
with some variations in Journal historique de 

Vitiiblissement dea Frangais a la Louisicme, p. 146^ 

67. 
p. 91^-100* List of vessels taken at Pensacola, Journal of De 

la Harpe Ap. 12-July 1720. 
p. 100^- 1^ with some variations in Journal historique de 

r^taUissemerU des Frangais i la Louisia^ne, p. 230- 

326. 



p. 


17«- 


26* 


p- 


26«- 


27« 


p. 


27»- 


28» 


p- 


28»- 


329 


p. 


32»- 


34» 


p- 


34»- 


645 


p- 


646- 


693 


p. 


69»- 


769 


p- 


769- 


819 


p- 


81*- 


916 



342 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

p. .101^- 7^ Description of Louisiana. Names of tribes along 

the Mobile and the Mississippi; animals and 
birds. 

p. 1078- 10* Journal of De la Harpe, July 24-Oet. 11, 1720. 

p. 110*- 29^ Memoir on the state of affairs in Louisiana in 1720. 

Mines. Important posts and harbors. Need of 
regular troops and coined money. Administra- 
tion. (This memoir has some analogies with the 
one printed in Journal hlstorique de Vitahlissement 
d€8 Franqais a lu Lmdsiane, p. 353-96, but is not 
the same.) 

p. 1298- 30* see Margry, 6:319. 

p. 130*- 315 Authorization by the king, Nov. 16, 1719, of the 

plan of the Compagnie d' Occident to establish a 
post on St Bernard's, bay. 

p. 1315- 31» Repetition of p. 100*-1008. 

p. 131^- 415 D^ la Harpe leaves for France October 1720. Ap- 
pointed commandant of St Bernard's bay, Dec. 
19, 1720. Sails Ap. 3, 1721, on the Venus. Ob- 
tains from the council of Louisiana the bark 
Subtile under Capt. B^langer and 20 soldiers. 
Account of previous expeditions to St Bernard's 
bay under Capt. B^langer and Ensign de Siemars 
de Belle Isle. Leaves Biloxi on the Subtile, Aug. 
15, 1721. Names of officers and soldiers. Com- 
plete inventory of provisions, tools and drugs de- 
livered to De la Harpe. 

p. 1415- 425 gee Margry, 6 : 3472-48^. 

p. 1425- 43^ Instructions from the directors general of Louis- 
iana to M. Devin, surveyor, and to Capt. 
B^langer. 

p. 143^- 64* Journal of the expedition to St Bernard's bay 

under De la Harpe, Aug. 15-Sep. 14, 1721. 

p. 164*- 998 gee Margry, 6:357-825. 

p. 1998-202 Journal of De la Harpe, Ap. 30-May 25, 1722. 



DEJSCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRDNCH MANUSCRIPTS 343 

:I1718P] Gaulin, Rev, [Michel] Antoine, 1674-1740. Relation 

de la mission du P^re Antoine Gaulin dans le pays des 
Mikmaks et en Acadie vers 1720. p. 1-11. 36 (17) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1232 

Letter addressed to '' Monseigneur IVaguesseau Chaneelier de 
France " and signed '" Antoine Gaulin, Pr6tre Missionnaire 
Evang<$lique des Mikmaks de Laeeadie." 

Received his letter some days ago. Would have answered 
immediately but for the request of a detailed account of hid 
mission. Undertakes the task with reluctance, having become 
as uncivilized as a Mikmak and unaccustomed to write. 

The Mikmaks were once a numerous nation extending over 
the whole of Acadia, Cai>e Breton, now called Isle Royale, and 
along the shores of the St Lawrence, but are much reduced in 
numbers since their contact with Europeans. His mission in- 
cludes all the natives of Acadia as far as Baye.Verte and Isle 
Royale, in all some 350 families. 

Two priests from the seminaries of foreign missions of Paris 
and Quebec, having died among the natives within the space of 
two years, he was sent by the seminary of Quebec, 28 years^ ago, 
to continue their work. Baptized all the natives not heretofore 
reached. Found them of docile spirit but difficult about accept- 
ing the Christian miracles. Are very exact in the observance 
of their religious duties, which affords him an easy way of pun- 
ishment, by refusing them the sacraments. The native tongue 
is used for all prayers and hymns and a system of characters 
has been devised to assist their memory and enable them to 
teach one another. 

Have long been desirous of uniting into one village and have 
decided on a spot on the river Arthigoniesche [Antigonish] as 

»A document entitled "Deliberations du Conseil, 3 May 1718," in 
Le Canada Frani^ais, 1888, v. 1 [pt 2] Documents inMIts, p. 190-93, begins: 
" Le sr Gaulin . . . ReprOsente que depuis 20 ans 11 est le seul mission- 
naire des sauvages de tout le pays." This would make the date of the 
Relation 1726, but as no mention is made of the troubles preceding his 
imprisonment in 172(), while the two documents contain substantially the 
same account, the " Deliberations " being even foUoweii by a note recom- 
mending *• that M. Gaulin be allowed 300 or 400 livres toward ornaments 
for his cliapel," it seems safe to assume that the Relation was written not 
later than 1718. Cf. Francis Parkman's Half Century of Conflict, Bost. 
1892, 1:184, 187, 19G. 



344 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

the most favorable place. Soil is fertile but natives have no 
idea of clearing the woods and it is hoped that the French will 
send some men to hew down the largest trees. Has felt for 
years that the most effective way of uniting them into a village 
would be by building a church and fixed dwelling for the mis- 
sionary. Has been encouraged in this plan by the court and 
monseigneur' of Quebec, but every time something has pre- 
vented its execution. Having succeeded after years of patience 
and economy in getting some materials, they were suddenly 
taken away by the English. Lost that year 7000 livres and the 
next 5000 livres, being obliged to sell his small estate in Canada. 
Finally last year, through the assistance of some friends, suc- 
ceeded in finishing a chapel. Windows have no glass panes,, 
doors are unpainted and without locks and the most necessary 
church ornaments are lacking. People flock to it and when he 
left them 120 families had gathered there. 

Thinks this mission ought to be supported. The natives thus 
far have not made a single treaty with the English and are a 
valuable force, always on hand in a case of emergency and of no- 
expense to France. If monseigneur should obtain for his mis- 
sion any favor from the court begs to let him know, that he 
may call at once. 

For documents relating to Antoine Gaulin, see Collections de 
manuscrits . . . relatifs d la NouveUe France, Quebec 1883-86^ 
4: 494 and Documents Rdatwe to the Colonial History of the State 
of New York, Alb. 1856-87, 9 :720, 929-30, 956, 989, 995, 1003. See 
also Cyprien Tanguay's Repertoire giniral du clergi canadien^. 
Montreal 1893, p. 80. The Relation is followed by a letter from 
Rev. Frangois le Maire, for which see no. 38. 

1720 Bobe, Rev. M^moire coricernant les limites des- 

Colonies, pr^sentd en 1720 par Robd, Pr6tre de la con- 
gregation de la Mission, k Versailles. 48p. 37 (2) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1232 

Extracts from this paper are printed literatim in Francis Park- 
man's Half Century of Conflict, Bost. 1892, 2:273-82 (apx 4). See 
also same volume, p. 65-67. Parkman and also Joseph Mar- 
mette, in Report on Canadian Archives, 1883, 6:128, give the name- 
of this priest as Bob6, 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 345i 

[1722?] Le Haire, Rev. Franco^. Letter without date, to the 

Royal Council, asking that the Jesuits of the upper 

Mississippi be ordered to confine themselves to their 

jurisdiction, p. 12-14. 38 (17)> 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1232 

The document is paged continuously with the Relation . . . 
du Phre Antoine Ocmlin, of no. 36, showing that both were traa- 
scribed from a copy. It begins: 

A Messeigneurs du Conseil Royal — Souffrez Messeigueurs que Je fasse 
une courte addition a ma lettre a Toccaaion des J^sultes qui sont venus 
icy par les demiers vaisseaux, il est surprenant qu'aprts le partage* des- 
missions de la Louisiane fait par Monselgneur de Quebec qui en est le 
Pasteur, ces P^res oubHant que leurs sup^rieurs o>nt souscrit a ce trait6, 
lis ne laissent pas cependant de nous venir troubler. I^es missions qu'on- 
leur a donn^es dans le haut du mississini od lis n'ont qu*un seul P^re, et ne- 
sont-eUes pas assez nombreuses pour exercer leiur z^le sans venir mettre icy 
leur foulx dans une maison 6trang6re. 

and ends: 

J'esp^re que vous trouverez notre Justification dans mes lettres a 
Monsieur I'Abb^ Bisascier* mon sup6rieur, lequel, s'il en est besoin, les com- 
muniquera au Conseil Royal; nous n'avons rien plus a coeur que de pouvoir 
multiplier les occasions de me procurer et Me dire avec un tr^s profond: 
Respect Monselgneur, 
Votre tr^s humble et tr^s ob61s6ant servlteur, 

Francois le Maire* 
Pr^tre Parisien, Vicaire Apostolique de la Louisiane 

[1766] Eelation de la prise de TAlcide command^e par M^ 

une Hocquart, par une Escadre Angloise de onze vais- 

seaux command^ par L'amiral Boscawen ^tant dansr 

le Nord-Nord-Est du Cap de ruze [Race] k vingt cinq 

Lieues sur Plsle de Terre neuve. 3p. 39 (22). 

Arch, nat S6r. K, no. 1368 

In the margin is written, "A bord de L'angonVaisseau Anglois; 
Lettre d'un officier pris sur le vaisseau PAlcide." The year is 
not given. 

^This refers apparently to the ordinance issued May 16, 1722, by the 
commissioners of the council, with consent of the bishop of Quebec, divid- 
ing the province of Louisiana into three spiritual Jurisdictions. See 
Winsor, 5:43. 

'Abb6 Bisacier, sup^rieur du s^minaire de la rue du Bac [Paris], see 
C. de Rochemonteix*s Les J^suites et la NouveUe-France au 17e si^cle. Pan 
1895-96, 3:556. 

*F. le Maire arrived at Mobile in February 1707; see Margry, 5:470. 
Signs entry in baptismal record, at Mobile, Jan. 30, 1708; see Peter J. 
Hamilton's Colonial Mobile, Host. 1897, p. 63. For signature of F. le Malre,. 
see J. G. Shea's Catholic Church in Colonial Days, N. Y. 1886, p.550. 



346 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Admiral Edward Boscawen sailed Ap. 27, 1755, from Plymouth 
for Newfoundland with orders to intercept the French squadron 
under Bois de la Motte, consisting of 25 ships of the line, some 
frigates and a number of transports with reinforcements for 
the French garrisons. 

Three vessels, the Alcide, the Lys and the Dauphin Royal, 
became separated from the rest of the squadron in a fog and 
fell in with the English fleet. 

The above relation by an oflScer of the Alcide states that on 
June 7 the Alcide and the Lys, having been joined in the morn- 
ing by the Dauphin Royal, noticed a number of ships which they 
thought must be the rest of the squadron. Not being sure, 
they approached cautiously. The next morning, at sunrise, it 
appeared that the ships were not French and Hocquart gave 
orders to retreat full sail, the Alcide taking the rear. At 11 
o'clock the Dunkirk came up with them, asked the names of the 
captain and the ship and fired two volleys into the Alcide. 
Other ships did the same, and after having defended herself 
for an hour and a quarter the Alcide was completely surrounded 
and obliged to surrender. Two ships were despatched to attack 
the Lys which also surrendered. The Dauphin Royal escaped 
in the fog. 

For other accounts, see Gentleman^ 8 Magazine j 1755, 25:330-31. 
<3f. also Francis Parkman's Montcalm and Wolfe, Bost. 1897, 
1:184-86. 

[1755] Note sur les operations navales de PAm^rique. 

2p. 40 (23) 

Arch, nat S6r. K, no. 1368 

An anonymous report, apparently sent from England. It is 
headed 21 8***^ but no year is given. The main facts are as fol- 
lows: 

The rumor which has spread here that three or four French 
warships were taken by Admiral Boscawen is based on a para- 
graph in the York Courant, Lord [George] Anson communi- 
cated it Thursday last to the king at Kensington, and it is 
therefore accepted as being true. It is now said that the same 
admiral has taken another ship with provisions for Cape 
Breton. The destination of Admiral [John] Byng's squadron 
is as yet unknown. They work at Portsmouth day and night 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 347 

to equip the squadron of Admiral [Edward] Hawke. Reports 
from America agree that the expeditions against Crown Point 
and Niagara will not be undertaken this year. The latest news, 
which is of Sep. 9, says that Virginia is in a deplorable condi- 
tion, Maine does nothing and in Pennsylvania the disputes 
between the governor and the assembly continue. The latest 
despatches from Mr Porter, ambassador at the Porte, are 
disquieting. 

}1^J? Relation de ce qui s'est pass^ lors du Te Deum k 

18 Sep. ^ ^ 

to Notre Dame et du feu d'artifice en r^jouissance dea 

1 Oct. victoires remport^es, par les troupes du Boy sur les 

Anglois en Am^rique, pr^s le Lac Champlain, et dans 

Tanse de saint Cast pr^s de Saint-Malo. 18p. 41 (3> 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, Carton 1000, no. 5 

Account of the reception Sep. 30, 1758, by the provost dea 
marchands et echevins de Paris of M. Desgranges^ maitre dea 
c^r^monies, with a letter from Louis 15, countersigned " Phily- 
peaux," dated Versailles Sep. 18, 1758, announcing the victory 
of Montcalm and the repulses of the English on the coast of 
France and requesting the presence of the magistrates at the 
Te Deum. Followed by police orders and description of the fire- 
works on Sunday, Oct. 1, 1758. 

1775 Jones, [John] Paul, 1747-92. Extrait du Journal 

Dec. 

to des Services principaux de Paul-Jones dans la R^volu- 

16 ^ t ^^^° ^^^ Etats-Unis D'Am^rique; ^crit par lui-m^me,. 

et pr(^sont^ avec un profond respect au tr^s-illustre 

Prince Louis XVL 119p. 42 (1) 

Arch. nat. S6t, MM, no. 851; volume offert A Louis 16 et 
reli6 A ses amies. 

This document consists of a dedication to the king in English,, 
dated Paris, Jan. 1, 1786; 80 pages journal in French and 3^ 
Pieces justificiitives, some in French and others in English. 

The journal proper, which commences with the hoisting of the 
flag on board the Alfred, by Paul Jones in [December] 1775 and 
ends with a Conclimon, stating that Congress voted unanimously 
Oct. 16, 1787, to liav(» a gold medal struck off in commemoration 
of his services, is printed c^ntire, together with 30 of the Pieces 
justifioative^, in a 24° volume, entitled Memovres de Paul JotteSj 
Par, 1798. The (»ditor, citoyen Andr^, says that the original 
was written in English and transhited by him, under Paul 



348 XEW.YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Jones's eyes, who intended to have only five copies made, one for 
the king, the others for Mm. de Castries, Vergennes, etc. 

The dedication, which is not given in the above volume, may 
be found in Memoirs of Paul Jones, republished by Henry Wash- 
bourne, Lond. 1843, 2:192-94, and is said to be the dedication of 
a " Journal for the king," specially prepared for Louis 16 and 
read by him in prison. Passages of that journal, in English and 
in the third person, are quoted in the book and show it to be 
a different narrative than the present " Extrait du Journal,'' 
which is in the first person. 

A translation in manuscript of the " Extrait du Journal " by 
G. R. Howell is in the New York State Library. For biblio- 
graphic notes on Paul Jones, see Winsor, 6:589-91. 

1776 Etat des troupes tant angloises qu' ^trang^res com- 

posant rarm<% du roi d'Angleterre dans TAm^rique 
septentrionale, 11 mai 1776. Ip. 43 (32) 

Arch. nat. BOr. K, no. 1364 

A complete copy of this document is as follows: 

Hommes 

1 regiment de Dragons lagers 240 

1 bataillon des Gardes h pied 1,000 

1 regiment de Royal montagnarde 1,000 

1 regiment (Colfruter) compost de 2 b°°» de 1000 

chaque 2,000 

42 regiments d'infanterie de 630 chaqu'un 26,460 

Troupes ^trang^res 

De Hesse 12,000 

Du Prince h^riditaire de Hesse 668 

Du Due de Brunswick 4,300 

Du Prince de Waldeck 600 



30,700 



> 17,568 



Total g^n^ral 48,268 

1776 Eicard, chevalier de. M^moires Politiques et Mil- 
Dgc 

to itaires Sur la Situation respective de la France et de 

1777 PAngleterre a Toccasion de la Guerre des Colonies; 
premier volume depuis xbre. 1776 jusqu'en Aoust 
1777, par le chevalier de Ricard, colonel d'infanterie, 
donn^ le ler. Janvier 1778. 136p. 44 (4) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 14612 

Contents 
Premier m^moire donn^ en xbre 1776; Reflections sur I'usage 
•des moyens que la Guerre des Colonies semble rendre indis 
pensables, p. 4-43. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 349 

Lettre au Ministre des Affaires Etrang^res sur le m^me sujet, 
do 30 xbre 1776, p. 44-50. 

Second in^moire donn^ en mare 1777; id^ de Forigine de la 
puissance de I'Angleterre, de sa situation et de see ressources 
relativement k la France, k Toccasion de la guerre des colonies, 
p. 51-77. 

Troisi^me m^moire donn^ en may 1777; Nouvelles considera- 
tions sur TEtat present de la France et de PAngleterre, 
p. 78-136. 

11777] Eicard, chevalier de. Principes Sur PAdministra- 

tion, rAm(51ioration Et le Commerce, des Colonies 

Francoises de FAm^rique; Selon les suites pr^vues de 

la Guerre pr^sente des Colonies, par le chevalier de 

Ricard . . . donn^ le ler Janvier 1778. 152p. 45 (5) 
Bibl. nat. Ms. franc, no. 14611 

Content8 
Reflections (Sl^mentaires sur les principaux R^glements d' ad- 
ministration des isles du Vent et Sous le vent. 
Sur Tadministration en gdn^ral, p. 6-13. 
Du Commerce d'Am^rique, p. 14-26. 
Des proscriptions et de la contrebande, p. 27-33. 
De la traite et du meilleur employ des esclaves, p. 33-34. 
Des impots, p. 35-42. 

Des corv^es et autres Etabliesements publics, p. 42-45. 
De la marine et des Fortifications en Am^rique, p. 45-48. 
Des troupes Rdgl^es, p. 48-52. 
Des milices des Colonies, p. 52-56. 
Du Culte public, p. 56-59. 
Recapitulation, p. 59-64. 

Projet gdndral d'Etablissement de la Guyanne et d'am^liora- 
tion des isles du vent et sous le vent, 
pt 1 Copie d'une lettre au ministre, p. 65-69. 

Projet d'un arr^t du Conseil en 47 articles pour autoriser 

les formes d'une traite particuli^re de n^gres, p. 70-82. 

Tableau de d^pense et deRecette qui constate les Benefices 

du projet, p. 83-84. 
2e Tableau qui Constate le Benefice que le Roi ferait en 
avoir diminu^ les impositions et augumente les d^pen- 
ses, p. 84-85. 
pt 2 Copie d'une 2de Lettre au ministre, p. 86-90. 

Projet d^m 2d arr^t du Conseil en 7 articles qui ordonne 
une traite de N^gres pour St Domingue k Pinstar de 
celle ordonnde pour les isles du Vent; et uue traite 
pour St Domingue et les isles du vent, p. 91-97. 



350 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

pt 3 Copie d'une troisi^me Lettre au ministre, p. 98-100. 

Projet d'un 3ine arr^t du Con«eil en 124 articles qui or- 
donne une traite de Nfegres, et de nouveaux Etablisse- 
ments k la Guyanne et k Ste Lucie, p. 101-41. 

Tableau des B^n^fices annuels produits par le projet 
g^n^ral, p. 142-47. 

Observation g^n(^rale, p. 148-52. 

1777 Voyage au continent Am^ricain par un frangais en 

1777 et Reflexions philosophiques sur ces nouveaux 

R^publicains. 118p. 46 (18) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. franc no. 14695 
. I 

A note on the titlepage reads: "Manuscrit Soumis k la cen- 
sure au mois d'avril 1778, portant de la part de M. de Neville 
Pordre k M. Sicard de Texaminer." It begins: "Tu ne seras 
pas pen surpris'de recevoir de Bilbao une lettre de ton amy, que, 
sans doute tu crois encore au continent Am^ricain." 

The author left Bordeaux on an American privateer for 
Charleston, visited Philadelphia, and sailed from Boston at the 
time of Burgoyne's surrender. He is strongly prepossessed 
with American ideas and institutions and treats of the cities 
visited, social and financial conditions, products and resources 
of the country, the elements which compose the army, the rea- 
sons which led French officers to join the Revolution and the 
causes of their dissatisfaction, religious customs, the spirit of 
liberty and equality, slavery compared with that in the French 
colonies, and other topics. 

A copy of this journal is referred to in Harvard University 
Library Bibliographical Contributions 22, Calendar of Sparks Mes, 
p. 81, no. 94. 

1777 Kalb, [Johann] baron de, 1721-80. Lettre du baron 

de Kalb au Comte de Broglie; A Charles Town, South 
Carolina, ce 20 Juin 1777. 3p. 47 (68) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

Wrote the 15th from North Island, having landed there the 
day before with Lafayette, Dubuisson, I^^sser, Valfort, Brice [or 
Price, an American], Gimat and Bedaulx. Lafayette and De 
Kalb went on shore on the 13th to look for a harbor. Finding 
that the ship [La Victoire, Capt. Le Boursier] drew too much 



DDSCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 351 

water for Georgetown bay, concluded to make for Charleston. 
Returned and gave the rest of the party the option to go to 
Charleston over land or remain on board. Majority in favor 
of latter plan. De Kalb of opinion that they should run no 
more risks of being captured and determined to land. Those 
mentioned above followed, while De Mauroy, Duboismartin, 
Fayal [Du Rousseau, chevalier de FayoUe], Franval, Capitaine, 
Vrigny and La Colombe remained on board. 

Reached Charleston June 17; ship arrived the 18th. Obliged 
to divide themselves into small parties, which causes friction. 
DeKalb and Lafayette carrying joint letters must travel to- 
gether, and as each takes his aides-de-camp with him, they are 
eight. The rest, sp(»cially De Mauroy, complain that those who 
speak English all set off together. Regrets to say that he 
thinks De Mauroy full of pretentions and disagreeable. Dis- 
likes particularly his complaints against Mr Deane. De Maui'oy 
despises the country he is about to serve and it seems as if 
nothing would make him happier than to be taken by the 
English and return at once to France. 

Heard that the Amphitrite arrived at Boston. Ducoudray 
went to America by way of the French islands. 

For account of the preparations of the voyage on the Victoire, 
see Friedrich Knapp's lAfe of John Kalb, N. Y. 1884, p. 99-110; 
also Henri DonioPs Histoire de la parti<)ipation de la France 4 
V6taJ)li88ernent dcs Etats-Unis d'Aminque, Par. 1886-92, 2:371-418; 
also Charlemagne Tower jr's. Marquis de La Fayette in th^ Ameri- 
can Revolution, Phil. 1895, 2:31-59. 

1777 Kalb, [Johann] baron de, 1721-80. Lettre du baron 

de Kalb an C^® de Broglie; h Charles-Town, Lundy 23 
Juin 1777. 3p. 48 (72> 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

Wrote June 15 from North Island and the 20th from Charles- 
ton. Have great difficulty in procuring the necessaries for the 
journey to Philadeli>hia, yet hope to start Thursday or Friday 
of that week. Will not reach Congress till the end of July. 

Some remarks follow on the army and descriptions of Forts. 
Johnston and Moultrie near Charleston. 



352 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1777 Fleury, [Francois Louis Teisseidre, marquis del b. 1749. 

24 Aug. " *- t 7 a J 

Lettre de M. Fleury au c*^® de Broglie; Le 24 aoust 
1777 Oamp de Derby en Pensylvanie. 15p. 49 (78) 
Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

Summary of the campaigns of early part of 1777; being a con- 
tinuation of the account of events in previous letters from 
Quibletown [Quakertown?] and Chatam [Chatham]. 

For biographical sketch of De Fleury see Magazine of American 
History, N. Y. 1877, 1 :724-26. The same in Thomas Balch's The 
French in AmcHca, Phil. 1891-95, 2:125-28. 

[1777 HauToy, [Charles Louis] vicomte de. Lettre du V*® de 

Mauroy au President du Congr^s; A Monsieur le 
President Hennecok k Philadelphie. 2p. 50 (71) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

Letter without date. 

Wishes to call Mr Hancock's attention to the fact that 
though Mr Deane had stated' that all expenses of the journey 
to the army would be defrayed by Congress, he, De Mauroy, 
De Fayolles and Du Boismartin had not hesitated to start from 
Charleston at their own expense, costing the writer personally 
2000 ^cus. If they are in the service of Congress, it seems only 
fair that Congress provide the means of subsistence; if they 
are sent back, justice demands that Congress refund the ex- 
penses incurred since Charleston and those necessary for the 
return voyage. 

Cf . Resolution of Congress, Sep. 8, 1777, in Journals of Congress^ 
N. Y., Patterson, 3:377. 

1777 Washington, [George] 1st pres. of U. 8. 1732-99. 

Lettre du G^n^ral Woissington au Congr^s, Le 11 
septembre, k minuit 1777. 6p. 51 (64) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

This is a translation of the report to Congress drafted by 
T. Pickering, printed in Jared Sparks's Writings of George Wa^ 
ington, 5:57-59, also in Octavius Pickering's Life of Timothy 
Pickering, Bost. 1867-73, 1:157, to which are appended the fol- 
lowing three documents: 

^Contract with Deane, see Peter Force's American Archives, Ser. 5, 3:886. 



DBSCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 353 

1 "R^ponse de Monsieur Lowel [Lovell] k Monsieur de Mauroi, 

Pbiladelpbie, le 8 septembre 1777." For the original of 
this letter see the following number. 

2 "Resolutions du Congr^s; En Congr^s le 8 septembre 1777/* 

Two translations slightly different in style; for original 
see Journals of Congress, N. Y. Patterson, 3:377. 

3 "Lettre du G^n^ral Gates, Albany 19 oetobre 1777." This 

letter stating that be forwards copy of the convention of 
Saratoga, which resulted in Burgoyne's surrender, Oct. 
17, 1777, is referred to in Journals of Congress, N. Y. 
Patterson, 3:464, as being of the 18th of October. 

The above documents were inclosed in De Mauroy's letter to 
De Broglie, Oct. 23, 1777, for which see no. 55. 

1777 Lovell, J[aines] 1737-1814. Lettre de J. Lovell au 

vicpmte de Mauroy, autographe. Ip. 52 (56) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 
Letter in English, copied from the original, as follows: 

PhUad^'. Sept Sth 1777. 

Sir: In answer to the letter with which you favored me of 
the 5th from Darby, I would assure you that I have been con- 
tinually attentive to the very disagreable situation in which, as 
a man of military spirit, you must have thought yourself ever 
since the near approach of the enemy. 

But, Sir, as something is begun, at length, relative to your 
-departure for France, I am of opinion that you should not now 
be desirous of exposing yourself as a voluntier in the field of 
battle for us. 

I hope to inclose to you tomorrow a final determination of 
your business. 

With much respect for your very worthy character, and with 

a due sense of your zeal toward these States, 1 have the honour 

to be. 

Sir 

Your most humble servant 

Jambs Lovell 
Visc^ de Mauroy. 

A translation of the above letter is mentioned in the preced- 
ing number. 



354 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1777 Washinsrton, [George] Ist pres. of U. 8. 1732-99. 

Lettre du g*^. Washington k M. Hennecok, ce 8 8bre. 
1777, Camp pr^s de Moulin de Penibackers. [Tra- 
duction]. 3p. 53 (55) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

The date in the heading is erroneous, the document being a 
translation of Washington's letter of Oct. 5, 1777, printed in 
Jared Sparks's Writings of George Washington, Bost. 1833-39, 
5:78-80. The letter was read in Congress Oct. 8. Referring to 
the battle of Germantown (Oct. 4) the translation says : *' On 
convint que cette attaque aurait lieu le 7 (hier matin), et nous 
fimes les dispositions suivantes." 

1777 La Fayette, [Marie Jean Paul Joseph Eoch Yves Gilbert 

de Hotier] marquis de, 1757-1834. Lettre du M*". de 
Lafayette au C^®. de Broglie du camp de White- 
Marsh, ce 23 octobre 1777. 4p. 54 (29) 
Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

This letter is not to De Broglie, as may be seen from the 
following summary: 

Sends this letter by De Valfort, who leaves for France. Has 
written once since he was wounded^ to De Broglie and now for- 
wards another letter by a packet boat sent by Congress. Incloses 
letter to De Maurepas, respecting an enterprise to the [East] 
Indies, which he wishes to submit to his correspondent on 
account of his wide knowledge of the Indies, and also to 
De Broglie. Would like to arm a few ships commissioned by 
Congress and make an attack on some small islands belonging 
to the British, but all this is still in the air, like the plan of 
Asia. Regrets that his correspondent's brother did not stay in 
America. 

Hopes that Gen. Washington will give him command of a 
division. There is much dissatisfaction among the French but 
can not complain as to himself, Washington's friendship mak- 
ing it very pleasant for him. Tliinks he will be engaged in the 
war during the whole winter unless his plans call him to France. 
Would leave at once if France went to war and prays above 

*La Fayette received a musket ball in the leg in the battle of Brandy- 
wine Sep. 11, 1777, and speaks of this wound in a letter to Mnie de La Fay- 
ette Sep. 12, 1777. See Sparks's Writings of Geonjr Watthitigton, 5:455. 



DBSCRIPTIVB LIST OF FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 355 

all to let him know if any attack on England should be 
planned. 

This letter is cited in Etienne Charava.v's Le Qin^ral de 
La Fayette, p. 24. A letter of La Fayette to Vergennes, White- 
marsh, Oct. 24, 1777, respiH!ting an enterprise to the East Indies 
is in no. 78 and also in no. 85 of the Sparks Manuscripts (see 
Harvard University Library Bibliographical Contributions 22, 
Calendar of Sparks mss, p. 72^^ 77^^) and is printed in the 
Memoires . . . de Lafayette puhlies par sa famille, Par. 1837-38, 
1 : 108-12. 

1777 Hauroy, [Charles Louis], vicomte de. Lettre du 

Boston Vicomte de Mauroy au C*® de Broglie; k Boston, le 
23 8»>»"® 1777 (p. 1-20) ; also Lettre du m^me au baron 
de Kalb, transcrite h la suite de la pr^c^dente [Bos- 
ton, Oct. 19, 1777] (p. 21-24). 55 (30) 
Arch. aat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

Started June 26 [1777] from Charleston in company of 
De Fayolle, De Franval, Capitaine and Du Bois-Martin. De 
Kalb and La Fayette left a few days earlier. Bein;^ anxious 
to join them as soon as possible at Philadelphia and seeing 
that the advance would be very slow on account of the wagons, 
decided to buy horses and start alone with an Englishnspeaking 
Frenchman whom he had picked up in Charleston. Found 
I)eople and even the inns along the route very inhospitable. 

Arrived July 30 at Philadelphia, in good health, except one 
leg, which was sore from his boot. La Fayette, since two days 
in the city, called in the evening and spoke of the very cool 
reception he and De Kalb had met with. Du Coudray arrived 
three months ago. His contract with Deane was unheard of 
and Congress did not want to have anything to do with it. 
Nevertheless he piled memorial on memorial and by lavish ex- 
penditure succeeded in gaining some friends. Next morning 
saw De Kalb, who was sick and deeply resented reception by 
Congress. Declared that he would not accept the command of 
a division if it were offered him. I^a Fayette received visit of 
a member of Congress, offering excuses and the rank of major 
general. La Fayette was inclined to refuse unless all the offi- 
cers who came over with him received commissions correspond- 
ing to their contract, but on De Mauroy's advice finally accepted. 



356 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

Leg having become worse, went to Darby and staid two weeka 
in bed. 

Returned to see De Kalb, who had just received a note from 
Mr Maurice [Gouverneur Morris], member of Congress, asking 
for an interview. De Kalb repeated that nothing would induce 
him to stay, but De Mauroy begged him to settle for both of 
them, which he promised. Forgot to tell that two days after 
his arrival at Philadelphia, having heard through La Fayette 
that Washington was in the city, he presented his letters to the 
latter and accompanied him on a reconnaissance of the Dela- 
ware. Army moved from Germantown to Wilmington; a strong 
position, but which could be turned. Being anxious to see the 
army in the field and wishing to bid good-by to La Fayette, in 
case he should receive orders to leave, started with La Fayolle 
for Wilmington. Found left wing instead of the right and being 
unwilling to pass in his present condition in front of the whole 
army, which detests the French, returned without seeing La 
Fayette. La Fayolle persisted. Called the attention of Wash- 
ington to De Mauroy's suggestion of the possibility of the right 
wing being turned by Howe. Was thought impracticable, yet 
was exactly what happened. Heard the next morning at Phila- 
delphia that army had been defeated near Brandywine. 
La Fayette received a musket ball in left leg. Washington 
ordered retreat to Chester. Forwards translation of his letter 
to Congress^ and also Mr LovelPs letter^ to De Mauroy. 

Having now received his cong6 in due form, went again to 
De Kalb, who, he heard in the city, had been offered a commis- 
sion but had not accepted. De Kalb showed a list of indemni- 
ties, asking the same sum for De Mauroy as for himself. Hav- 
ing received some 1000 ^cus more than De Mauroy on a pre- 
vious occasion, he gave the latter a note to that effect, which 
was all he ever saw of it. De Kalb expressed his intention, of 
going to Carolina, his baggage having remained at Charlotte. 
De Mauroy started for the Delaware, leaving De Fayolle behind 
to receive the money. Du Coudray was drowned while crossing 
the Schuylkill. No news being received from De Fayolle, De 
Mauroy returned to Philadelphia and learned from Mr Lovell 

* Letter of Sep. ? 1777, see no. 50. 
"Letter of Sep. 8, 1777, see no. 52. 



DB6CRIPTIVB LIST OP FRDNCH MANUSCRIPTS 357 

that De Kalb had taken the money with him to Bristol and that 
Du Bois-Martin had gone after him. The latter returned with 
the funds, saying that he had found De Kalb with Valfort and 
Less^re at Bethlehem. Having complimented the former on his 
new rank, De Kalb had first tried to ignore it but finally con- 
fessed that a division had been offered him. De Mauroy crossed 
the Delaware 34 miles from Philadelphia in company of De 
Franval, De Fayolle and Du Bois-Martin. 

Passed the Hudson at Kings ferry and arrived at Boston. 
De Franval, whose health has been poor ever since he left 
France, will return and take the letter. De Mauroy and De 
Fayolle will spend the winter at Boston waiting for further 
developments. 

The rest of the letter contains curious statements on the 
hatred of Americans for the French and severe criticisms of the 
generalship of Howe and Washington. De Kalb is called " un 
intrigant, qui court apr^s la fortune et qui k force de souplesse 
et de ruse pourra parvenir k son but, mais qui ne rendra jamais 
k son maitre I'int^reet le plus modique des frais qu'il lui aura 
cout^." Of La Fayette he says: 

A son arriv6e & Philadelphie, il outroit ma fagon de penser et convenoit 
que j'avois mieux vu que lui. Mais Sl peine sa vanity a-t-eUe 6t6 satisfaite, 
qu'il est redevenu Am6rlcain. II dit, no8 troupes, notre arm^e; il ne parle 
que de la liberty, regarde le 6ai Wassington comme le g6nie tut^laire de 
TAm^rique et finira par se miner dans ce Pays-cl avant que d'etre 
d6tromp6. 

The letter to De Kalb appended to, and mentioned in, the 
above document is referred to in De Kalb's reply of Dec. 20, 1777, 
(see following number) as having been written from Boston " le 

19 9^»*®." This is apparently an error and the date should be 
Oct. 19, 1777. De Mauroy, writing in an exceedingly caustic 
vein, retraces the various steps of the negotiations conducted by 
De Kalb and thanks him for his valuable services rendered. 

1777 Kalb, [Johann] haron de, 1721-80. Copie de la lettre 

20 Dec. 7 1. J X 

de M le Baron de Kalb k M le Vicomte de Mauroy 

en date du 20 d^cembre 1777. 4 p. 56 (75) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

Sarcastic letter from De Kalb replying point for point to 
De Mauroy's letter of Oct. 19, 1777 (see preceding number). 



358 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1777 Kalb, [Johann] haran de, 1721-80. Lettre . . . 

25 Dec. 

au C^® de Broglie du camp de Valley-forge 25 d^cem- 
bre 1777. Ip. 57 (70) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

This letter is different from the one of the same date, given in 
Stevens, no. 761. 

De Kalb states that Valley Forge has been chosen as winter 
quarters and describes the blockhouse barracks which will be 
erected; also how leave of absence for the winter will be 
granted in the future. 

1777 Kalb, [Johann] haran de, 1721-80. Lettre du baron 

27 Dec 

de Kalb au comte de Broglie. Au Camp de Valley 
forge le 27 xbre 1777, Ip. 58 (69) 

Arch. »at. S6r. K, no. 1364 

Takes the liberty to recommend Mr John Adams, who goes 
to France to treat with the court of political affairs, while Mr 
Deane will have charge of the commercial interests. Mr 
Adams is a man of merit, generally esteemed in this country 
and to whom De Lesser, De Valfort and De Kalb are under some 
obligation with regard to their baggage. Has written a long 
letter to De Broglie two days ago. 

o'jan Fleury, [Francois Louis Teisseidre, marquis de] b.l749. 

Lettre de M. Fleury au c^« de Broglie; 6 Janvier 1778, 
au camp de Valley forge. lOp. 59 (79) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

Account of the campaigns of Burgoyne and Howe; being a 
r^s.um^ and continuation of letter of Dec. 1, 1777. 

g'^J® Traite' d'amiti^ et de commerce conclu entre le Roi 

et les Etats Unis de I'Am^rique septentrionale le 6 

f^vrier 1778. 18p. 60 (61) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1334 

A note at the end reads: 

Scell6 du grand sceau de cire Jaune, sur lacs de sole bleue tresses d'or; 
le sceau enferm6 dans une botte d'argent, sur le dessus de laquelle sont 
empreintes et gravies les armes de France et de Navarre, sous un paviUon 
royal, soutenu par deux Anges. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 359 

For the history of this treaty and another signed on the same 
day, see Winsor, 7:44-46; a note on p. 45 refers to works in 
which the treaty has been printed. 

1778 Precis des operations de TEscadre de Mr le Cte 

Jo ^^* d^Estaing. 95p. 61 (19) 

1779 
2 July 

Arch. nat. S4r. K, no. 1231 

This document consists of a r^sum^ of the events from July 1, 
1778, to May 9, 1779, followed by a detailed Journal in four parts. 
The first two parts of the journal, written on board the Mar- 
seillois, begin Ap. 13, 1778, the date the fleet left Toulon, and 
end Sep. 4, 1778, with the occupation of Nantucket, where the 
w^riter is appointed *^ lieutenant du roi " under De Bougainville. 

The other two include the operations from Oct. 26, 1778, to 
July 2, 1779, and are written on board the Caesar. Some entries 
are in Latin. 

To this document, paged consecutively, is appended Visage 
4e la Grenade en J uilkt 178S, mentioned under no. 79. 

1J78 Kalb, [Johann] baron de, 1721-80. Lettres de Mon- 

to ^^' sieur de Kalb au C^ de Broglie. 8p. 62 (76) 

12 May 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

This paper contains four letters, dated as follows: "Lancastre, 
le 27 avril 1778 "; '"Au Camp de Vally forge, le 5 may "; " Le 7 
May "; "Au camp le 12 may ". 

The original letters in cipher, kept in the Archives des affaires 
•^trang^res, Etats T'nis, v. 2, no. 104, 107, 110, are reproduced 
with their translations in Stevens, no. 814, 821, 825. 

1778 Kalb, [Johann] baron de, 1721-80. Lettre . . . au 

C® de Broglie, du camp de White plains, le 15 aoust 

1778, au soir. 2p. 63 (74) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

Had just closed his letters to Mme de Kalb, with three in- 
•closures^ for his excellency, when letter of Ap. 26 was received. 
Will be glad to further interests of French in America. Is not 
sure whether Vicomte de Mauroy cares to serve the XTnited 

^Refers evidently to letters of 10, 13, 14 and note of Aug. 15, for which 
«ee Stevens, no. 845. 



360 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

States since he has charged Chevalier Dubujssonwith his a^airs 
at Philadelphia and retired to Boston. Recommended Chevalier 
de Fayoles to Gen. Washington and Col. Richard Henry Lee for 
some enterprise in Virginia. Has written to De Broglie on the 
following dates: 15, 20, 23, 25 June 1777; 10 Aug., 16, 24 Sep.^ 
11 Oct., 6, 7 Nov., 25, 27 Dec, 21, 28, 30 Jan. 1778; 8, 26 Feb., 14, 
30 Mar., 24, 27 Ap., 5, 7, 12, 16, 25 May, 16, 18 July, 10, 13, 14, 15 
Aug. Is very anj^ious to return to Europe but will await orders. 
Intended to recommend De Mauroy and De Fayoles to G^rard^ 
but has heard that the latter received instructions from the 
court not to occupy himself with the affairs of French officers. 
Will think it over. Gen. Lee's case is judged. Verdict is sent 
to Congress for approval. There will presently be another 
court-martial for Schuyler, Saint Clair and Mifflin. 

1J78 Kalb, [ Johann] haron de, 1721-80. Copie d'une lettre 

17 Aug. •■ ■• ' ^ 

du B°^ de Kalb k Mr. Gerard, ministre pl^nipotentiaire 

du roy pr^s les Etats-Unis de PAm^rique, du camp de 

White-Rams [White Plains], le 17 Aotit 1778. 2p. 

64 (59> 
Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 13©4 

Appended to this letter are: " R^ponse de M. Gerard, de Phila- 
delphie, du 23 aoust 1778; Letter from B^^ de Kalb to the Presi- 
dent of Congress, Henry Laurens, Esq. Aug^ 17th. 1778 and 
R^ponse du President de Philadelphie, du 23 aoust 1778." 

Copies of these letters, with slight variations, taken from 
Archives des Affaires Etrang^res, Etats-Unis, v. 4, no. 88, folio 
259, are found in Stevens, no. 1939. 

1778 Mauroy, [Charles Louis], vicomte de. Lettre du Y^^ 

de Mauroy au C^® de Broglie; Boston 28 aoust 1778. 

4p. 65 (73) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 13©4 

After stating that eight months ago a package was remitted 
by De Franval to the Comtesse de Broglie, containing Dc 
Mauroy's entire history, in which he took the liberty to state 
that he awaited at Boston the count's orders relative to himself 
and De Fayolle; that letter of May 7 had been received show- 
ing that the count considered him more than ever wrong; that 
he had hoped in vain for a word from the Prince de Montbarey,. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 361l 

which might have influenced Congress in their favor, and an* 
account of the doings of the squadron under the Comte 
d'Estaing, this letter reads as follows: 

Jusqu'a ce que vos yeux soient d6sill^s, Monsieur le Comte, vous crolr^s 
toujours que je suspecte tout Tunivers, J*en appelle au terns, 11 vous prou- 
vera que rAm^rlque nous dSteste, que Porguell le plus bfite, T Ignorance - 
la plus orasse, le fanatisme le plus cruel, et la haine la plus inv6t6r6e, 
constituent surtout Tessence de la Nouvelle Angleterre, province la plus- 
formidable de ce Continent. Que son asslette, son Clel, sa pauvret6, luy 
assurent la conqueste des autres provinces, et que si elle se r6unit Jamais 
avec le Canada TAm^rique est perdue; les presbit^iens ne rappelleront pas 
leur roy, mals 11 s'616vera parmy eux un nouveau Cromtcell, qui assassinera 
le reste avec un f er sacr6. . . D*apr6s votre lettre J'ai 6crit du CongrSs, et Je 
lui ai demand^ une r^ponse; Je ne Tai pas regue, et Je n*en recevrai pas, 
mais Je eompte tr^s positlvement m*en retourner sur la flotte. Le passage 
de Fayolle est arrange d'hier. 

1778 Kalb, [Johaiin] haron de, 1721-80. Lettre du baron 

de Kalb k M. du Boismartin; Du Camp de Fishkill le 
7 octobre 1778. 2p. 66 (67) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

La Fayette intends to go to Paris, whether to stay or only for- 
a short visit is as yet uncertain. He has conducted himself 
with prudence far beyond his age and De Kalb has become very 
much attached to him. Would like to return with him to 
France but Du Boismartin and Mme de Kalb having both 
advised him to the contrary, he has decided to remain. Unless 
the king has considerable compensation in store for him, will 
regret the time spent here, for his expenses are high. Finds 
it impossible to live within the 166 piasters in paper which 
he receives per month, has to keep servants and provide his staff 
with tea, coffee, butter, etc., which are not furnished by Con- 
gress and very dear. Pound of tea costs 20 piasters, pound of 
coffee or chocolate 4 or 5 piasters and the rest in proportion.. 
The march from Valley Forge to White Plains from June 19 to 
July 24 has cost him 310 dollars or piasters. 

Wishes that De Broglie would recall him to serve under his- 
command. Would never cease to regret his absence if an 
attack on England were undertaken while he is in America. Has; 
asked Mme de Kalb to consult Du Boismartin about the things 
she miiy solicit in his behalf. 



362 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1778 Mauroy, [Cliarles Louis], vicomte de. M^moire du 

-20 Nov. vicomte du Mauroy sur ses services en Am^rique et 

sur la guerre de I'Independance. 27p. 67 (53) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

This document opens with the statement that the writer, for 
15 years a captain of foot, was transferred in 1772 with the rank 
of lieutenant colonel to a regiment of royal grenadiers of the 
•Comte de Bourgogne, commanded by Marquis Demauroy. A re- 
organization of the regiment, by Comte de St Germain, having 
left him without commission, he accepted Mr Deane's proposi- 
tion to engage as major general in the American army and 
sailed Ap. 20, 1777, in company with La Fayette from Los Pa- 
sages on the Victoire. • 

The rest of the paper contains a summary of the campaigns 
up to his departure Nov. 20, 1778, on the Engageante, frigate 
-commanded by Chevalier de Pr^ville, belonging to Comte d'Es- 
taing's squadron, interspersed with remarks on the country 
and the people and followed by a r^sum^ full of gloomy fore- 
bodings as to the conse<iuences of the Revolutionary War. The 
last two pages are devoted to a flattering portrait of Washing- 
ton. Of personal services the writer performed none, his con- 
tract with Deane not having been acknowledged by Congress. 

The whole paper, characteristic of the bitter and pessimistic 
spirit of the author, is of intense interest. 

178-? Idee G^n^rale des Connaissances qu'on avait autre- 

fois du Nord Guest de TAm^rique, et de I'usage qu'on 
a essay^ d'en faire sur la nouvelle carte publi^e 
d'apr^s les d^couvertes du Capitaine Cook. lOp. 

68 (60) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 773 

This document appears to be from the hand of some pains- 
taking cartographer and intended as a prefatory note to a map 
published after 1778. The writer states that after a careful 
comparison of Capt. Cook's journal with old maps and early 
voyages, he has reached the conclusion that what Cook claimed 
as new discoveries was known by the Spanish for 200 years, and 
that Cook's explorations show that the oldest maps are more 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 36S 

accurate than later ones. He places Quivira north of California^ 
where the English place New Albion, and calls Anian the coun- 
try from Quivira to the strait. He places the names of King 
Greorge's bay and Bahia Hermosa side by side, as he thinks they 
are the same. He also gives the discoveries of Admiral de 
Feuntez in 1640, as it appears that Cook was entirely ignorant 
of them. He cites Seixas, Thedtre naval hydrographiqm, pub- 
lished in 1704, who quotes from Pierre de Syria, in his Art de la 
nai>lffation; where he proves the existence of a northwest pas- 
sage. He notices that Cook does not prove the nonexistence of 
such a passage and the writer therefore indicates the probability 
of it on his map. 

[Between Memoire k Monsieur Francklin D^put^ des Etats- 

1778-83 VI 

unis de TAm^rique. 12p. 69 (77) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1364 

Document without date. 

Writer has been directed by Philippe Wallez of Ghent to pro- 
pose a scheme for speculation by establishing direct trade 
between America and Flanders. Flanders is best situated for 
trade with neighboring countries and produces most of the 
goods America needs, as linen, leather, hats, hardware, firearms 
and lace. On the other hand, it consumes large quantities of 
tobacco, rice, indigo, iron and wood, which America can send in 
return. Proposes to establish two entrepdts, one at Marseilles^ 
the other at Ostende or at Ghent, where goods would be sold at a 
fixed price. Tobacco and rice at present very dear and by keep- 
ing up the price, large profits, which were formerly secured by 
the English monopoly, might go to America. 

[Between Memoire adress^ a MM. Franklin et Adamfsl. 8p. 

1778-83?] '■ ^^^ ^^i^ 

70 (63) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 1334 

This document, also without date, is substantially the same as 
the preceding number with the addition that Philippe Wallez 
begs to be recommended to Congress as the sole general mana- 
ger of the trade with Fhinders, with the title of commissary or 
correspondent of the Ignited provinces of North America. 



364 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1780 Washington, [George] Ist pres. of U. 8. 1732-99. 

Lettre en r^ponse de M. Washington k M. Le Comte 

de Grasse. Wilhains Bourg, Le 25 7bre 1781. 5p. 

71 (31) 
Arch. nat. S^r. K. no. 1364 

This is a translation of a letter printed in Sparks's Wf'itifigs of 
George WasMngtoTiy 8:163-67, to which is appended a translation 
of an extract from the New York Gazette of Sep. 22, 1781. Both 
are referred to in the letter of De Raff^lis Broves, no. 74. 

1781 BeVille, de, quartermaster general. Lettre de M. de 
B^ville au C^® de Broglie, au camp devant York, le 20 
d'Octobre 1781. 2p. 72 {66) 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1364 

The count will learn the news of recent success on the arrival 
of the Due de Lauzun at court. Writer sends journal of the 
siege of Yorktown to his brother with prayer to forward it to 
the count and also to the marshal. Regi*ets to announce that 
Chevalier de Lameth [De Broglie's nephew] was wounded the 
night of the 14th in the attack of the redout under Baron de 
Viomesnil. Received two bullets, one entering the right leg at 
the knee joint, the other fracturing the knee cap of the left leg. 
Robillard, who dressed his wounds, sleeps in a room opposite 
that of De Lameth and takes good care of him. Says wounds 
are not dangerous. 

P. S. Has just seen De Lameth. Robillard says he is doing 
better than any other of his patients and is entirely without 
fever. 

1781 Lameth, [Charles Malo-Fran^ois], [vioomte] de, 1757- 

1832. Lettre de M. le Ch^^ de Lameth k M. le c^« de 

Broglie [his uncle], au camp devant York le 20 

Octobre 1781. Ip. 73 (65) 

Arch. nat. S§r. K, no. 1364 

Marched Oct. 14 on the attack of strong redout [of York- 
town] with the vanguard of grenadiers and chasseurs. Suc- 
ceeded in climbing the parapet when he received two gunshot 
wounds. Will leave for France as soon as he has recovered, a 
fractured knee cap being difficult to heal completely without the 



DE5SCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 365 

mineral waters. Theodore^ will write about his affairs and 
Robillard will tell about his wounds; is not allowed to write a 
long letter himself. 

P. S. Begs his uncle to join De Rochambeau in his efforts to 
obtain for him [De Lameth] the cross of St Louis. Was never 
better merited. 

1781 Baffelis Broves,^ chevalier de, lieutenant de ixUsseo/U. 

22 Oct. 

[letter to the Comte de Broglie], A bord du Snt 
Esprit le 22 8bre 1781 dans la baye de Chesapeak. 
2p. 74 (50) 

Arch, nat S6r. K, no. 1864 « 

Vanguard was heavily engaged in the battle of Sep. 5. 
Continuous firing of the St Esprit attracted attention of the 
army and received the compliments of the general. Ship was 
badly damaged, several guns of the front battery commanded 
by the writer having been dismounted. English army recognize 
that they suffered severely, as will be seen from inclosed ex- 
tract from the New York Gazette.^ Senda also Washington's 
letter to the Comte de Grasse, the articles of capitulation by 
Lord Cornwallis, an account of prisoners and details of various 
prizes. 

Chevalier de Lamet[h] is wounded but not seriously. The 
count's nephew has behaved very gallantly and is remarked by 
the whole army. Should the writer find opportunity to dis- 
tinguish himself and merit the royal favor would beg the count 
to recommend his mother for a pension. 

^Th^odore, comte de Lameth, born June 24, 1756. The date of his death 
Is given in Thomas Balch's The French in America, Phil. 1891-95, 2.166, as 
1834; in P. A. Larousse's Grand dictionnaire univerael. Par. 1866-90, 10:116. 
La grande encycJ^opHie, v. 1-29, Par. 1885-1902, 21:830, J. O. F. Hoefer's 
Nouvelle biographic g€n€rale. Par. 1855-85, 29:203, Annuaire de la nohlease 
de France, 1890, 46:139, and J. N. Moreau's Mea souvenirs, Par. 1898-1901, 
2:485, as 1854. Michaud's Biographic universelle. Par. 1842-65, 23:85, does 
not give the date. 

'The letter is signed " Le chr. de Rafelis Brove, It. de vau.»» Thomas 
Balch in his The French in America Phil. 1891-95, 2:70, mentions an officer 
of artillery ** De Broves," who returned to France with La Fayette, on the 
Alliance, In January 1779. The seigneurs De Broves form the younger 
branch of the house of HafT^lls, see Borel d*Hauterlve*s Annuaire d^ la 
noblesse de France, 1864, 21:151-52. 

•For this extract and letter to De Grasse, see no. 71. 



366 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

1781 Louis 16, king of France, 1754-93. Succ^s sur Mer et 

25 Nov. 

dans la Nouvelle Am^rique sur les Anglois. 2p. 

75 (21) 
Arch, nat S^r. K, no. 1368 

Letter from Louis 16 to Col. Marquis d' Osson, lieutenant gen- 
eral of the county of Foix, dated Versailles, Nov. 25, 1781, 
signed " Louis " and countersigned "Amelot ". 

The taking of the island of Tabago and defeat of the English 
fleet near the James river by I)e Grasse has been followed by the 
siege of Yorktown and the surrender of the English army 
[under Cornwallis, Oct. 11), 1781] to the combined forces of 
Washington and De Rochambeau. 

In order to stimulate a feeling of gratitude for these suc- 
cesses toward the Author of all prosperity the Te Deum will 
be sung in every diocese of the kingdom. 

D'Osson is requested to be present at the Te Deum in what- 
ever city may be most convenient to him and to order all civil 
magistrates in his jurisdiction to do the same; also to take 
measures for public rejoicing. 

1781 La Salle, Etienne Jean Oigault de, & Morins, J. A. B. de. 

26-27 Nov. o y 9 

Te Deum pour les succ^s des troupes d'u Roi en 

Am^rique. 4p. 76 (62) 

Arch. nat. S^r. K, no. 161 

Oflflcial report by Etienne Jean Gigault de la Salle and Jean 
Ambroise Boyer de Morins,^ conseillei*s maitres, of the reception 
of the Sr Urbain de Watrouville,^ aide des c(^r^monies, sent by 
the king to invite the Chambre des Oomptes to attend the 
Te Deum at Notre Dame, Tuesday, Nov. 27, 1781, at 4 p. m., with 
the letter from the king, countersigned " Amelot," and descrip- 
tion of the ceremony at the Te Deum. 

No date Franklin, [Benjamin] 1706-90. Lettre de Franklin 

k Washington. 100 words. 77 (57) 

Arch. nat. 

This letter, no. 57 on the list furnished Aug. 20, 1888, by A. 
Lecoy de la Marche, is wanting. The date is not given. 

'Tlie Almanach roj/fiL 1780. p. .304, fjives the name as Boyer des Morlns. 
''The Alniatiarh royal, 1780, p. 117, and 1781, p. 110, jjives the name a 
Urbain de Watronville. 



DD8CRIPTIVB LIST OP FREIN'CH MANUSCRIPTS 367 

1782 Broglie, [Victor Claude] prince de, 1757-94. Relation 
t^ ^' du prince de Broglie. 67p. 78 (12) 

1783 
8 Ap. 

Bibl. nat. Ms. frang. no. 14094 

Narrative of De Broglie's visit to the United States and 
Venezuela, 1782-83. 

Page 7-10 and 14-16 of this paper are printed with slight vari- 
ations in Thomas Baleh's Les Frangais en AmeriquCy Par. 1872, 
p. 203-9, translated in his French in America, Phil. 1891-95, 
1:229-35, a note on p. 13 (p. 15 of translation) regarding the 
origin of the manuscript used, being as follows : 

This was furnished to me by Mr Bancroft, the well known historian of 
his country and the ambassador of the United States at Berlin. Owing 
to the kindness of M. Guizot, I have discovered that some portions of this 
narrative had been published {Revue FranQaise, Par. July 1828). Neverthe- 
less, by an attentive comparison I have been able to satisfy myself that 
the two accounts had only a few passages in common. Certain important 
portions of Mr Bancroft's manuscript do not exist in the printed account, 
while the latter contains long paragraphs which I do not possess. By 
restoring these omissions in my copy, I have made it as complete as 
possible. 

For a full translation of Balch's manuscript, so far as it 
relates to the United States, see Magazine of American History^ 
1877, 1:181-86, 231-35, 306-9, 374-80. According to an introduc- 
tory note the original narrative is in the possession of De 
Broglie's grandson, the present Due de Broglie. 

1783 Voyage de la Grenade k Pile espagnole de la Trinity 
^ ^"^^ en juillet 1783. p. 96-102. 79 (19) 

6 Aug. 

Arch. nat. S6r. K, no. 1231 

This journal is paged consecutively with the Pricis des op6- 
rations de VEscadre de Mr le Cte d^Estaing, mentioned on p. 359, 
though there is apparently no connection between them. 

It is an account of a visit in company of De la Beaume, captain 
in a Hainaut regiment, and D'Acosta, citizen of Trinidad, on 
board the Syrtoe, from Grenada, one of the Windward islands 
and then a French possession, to Trinidad. 

1787 Traduction du plan de Gouvernement propose aux 

Etats-Unis par PAssembl^e f^d^rale tenue k Phila- 

delphie. 23p. 80(51) 

Bibl. nat. Ms. franc, no. 12226 

Translation of Washington's letter of Sep. 17, 1787, transmit- 
ting the Constitution to the Continental Congress, followed by a 



368 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

translation of the text, as adopted by the Constitutional Conven- 
tion. For originals see Journal of the American Congress 1774-88^ 
Wash. 1823, 4:776-82. Another translation of the Constitution 
is given by Mr Cornelis De Witt in his Hwtoire de WOrShvnfftony 
Par. 1855, p. 441-54. 

1803 Diplbme du president Jefferson. 2p. 81 (58) 

Arch, nat S6r. AP. IV. no. 1704. Original sur imrchemin 
scell6. 
Letters credential, appointing Robert R. Livingston minister 

plenipotentiary, and James Monroe envoy extraordinary and 
minister plenipotentiary to treat with the French republic of the 
enlargement and more effectual security of the rights and inter- 
ests of the United States in the river Mississippi and the terri- 
tories eastward thereof. 

Cf. letter from James Madison to Robert R. Livingston, Jan. 
18, 1803, in American State Papers, Foreigti Relations, 2: 529. 

DOCUMENTS AND MAPS PEOPOSED TO BE COPIED 

The following lists, submitted by M. Lecoy de la Marche Sep. 
11, 1888, after the appropriation for the preceding series had 
been exhausted, show briefly the documents which remained to 
be copied. Notes in brackets have been added by the compiler; 
others are translated from marginal annotations by M. Lecoy 
de la Marche. 

ARCHIVES NATIONALES 

1 Legislation coloniale; r^glements relatifs aux lies fran- 

gaises d'Amdrique, au Canada, aux troupes des colonies, 
k la traite des n^gres, 1665-1789. 30p. Trinted, rare. 

2 Legislation coloniale; r^glements sur les paqebots, la p^che 

de la morue. Tile Terre-Neuve, les correspondancee entres 
les colonies et les Etats-Unis, 1657-1788. 30p. Printed, 
rare. 

8 M^moire de Duval de Sainte-Marie sur les Colonies; prinr 
cipes gdn^raux et maximes politiques pour leur gouverne- 
ment, 18e si^cle. 21 p. Q. 

4 Demande des habitants de Rochefort d'armer pour lee co- 

lonies fran^aises d'Am^rique, 1761-69. lOp. Q. 

5 M^moire sur les missions d'Am^rique, 18e si^cle. lOp. O. 

6 Missions des Jdsuites en Am^rique; arr6t du Conseil du 

Roi. 4p. Q. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 369 

'7 Edits du Roi ^tablissant une compagnie de commerce poor 

PAm^rique septentrionale sous le nom de Compagnie 

d'Occident, et un fonds de 100 millions pour ses besoins, 

1717. 20p. Q. 

[Printed in Le Page du Pratz's Exatoire de la Louisiane, Par. 1758, 
1:47-81.] 

ff 

8 R^glements pour la Compagnie des Indes occidentales, 1719. 

lOp. O. 

9 Commerce de la France avec PAm^rique en g^n^ral, 18e- 

19e ei^le. Various documents, 10 packages. 

10 Commerce avec les colonies, .commerce des noirs; renseigne- 

ments g^n^raux, 1772. 22p. O. 

11 Lettres du roi Louis 16, de M. de Vergennes, ministre, et de 

quelques autres sur les affaires d^Am^rique, 1776-79. 
20p. O. 

12 Reflections de M. Turgot sur la querelle entre la Grande- 

Bretagne et ses colonies, 1776; pr^paratifs de la guerre 
d'Am^rique. 90p. 12mo. 

13 Correspondances particuli^res sur la guerre de Plnd^pen- 

dance. 50p. O. 

14 Relation de la mission du P. Gaulin dans le pays des Mik- 

maks et en Acadie, vers 1720. 22p. 12mo. 

[A copy of this document had already been obtained and is noted in 
the preceding list under no. 36.] 

15 Commerce de la Looiisiane, 17e-18e si^cle, arrets du Oonseil. 

20p. O. 

16 Commerce de la Louisiane, 1672-1741. Various documents. 

40p. O. 

17 Concessions de terres k la Louisiane et liquidation des 

dettes du Canada; papieps de la Commission, 1719-85. 20 
file boxes. 

18 Papiers de la commission des droits maritimes et de la 

Compagnie des Indes relatifs k la Louisiane et au Can- 
ada, 1759-89. 24 file boxes. 

19 Cession de la Louisiane aux Etats-Unis; n^gociations, 

trait^s, commencement du 19e si^cle. 40p. O. 

20 Expedition de Roberval au Canada, 1540-43, et premiers 

etablissements fran^ais en Am^rique; chartes royales et 
lettres de Roberval. 30p. Q. Originals on parchment. 

21 Edits de Louis 13 pour peupler la Nouvelle-France et insti- 

tuer un lieutenant du Roi au Canada, 1628, 1651. lOp. Q. 

22 Edit autorisant plusieurs associ^s k faire peupler la Nou- 

velle-France, 1657. 5p. Q. 



870 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

23 Etablissement de la compagnie du Canada; lettres 

patentes et motifs, ratification, confirmation, 1627-28. 
25p. O. 

24 Declaration des terres que les J^suites possMent dans la 

Nouvelle-France, 1663. 4p. F. 

25 Lettres patentes pour la punition et I'amnistie des coureurs 

de bois faisant commerce avec les sauvages au Canada, 
1676-81. 4p. P. 

26 M^moire du roi Louis 15 pour servir d'instruction k M. de 

Vaudreuil, gouverneur du Canada, 1755, et principales 
lettres de ce dernier pour Pann^e 1759. 150p. Q. 

27 Lettres adress^es du Canada au Garde des sceaux sur la 

guerre contre les Anglais, la prise de PAlcide, etc. 
15p. O. 

28 M^moire sur les consequences de la prise de Louisbourg par 

les Anglais, vers 1758. 4p. F. 

29 N^gociations et conventions sur les limites des possessions 

anglaises et f rangaises en Am^rique et sur la guerre du 
Canada, 1756. 75p. O. 

80 Acquisitions de domaine, constructions et fortifications au 

Canada, principalement k Quebec; etablissement de la 
ville de Port-au-Prince; commerce avec les sauvagee, 17e- 
18e si^cle. 1 bundle. 

81 Colonisation de Quebec, 17e-18e si^cle. 8p. O. 

32 Etablisflements religieux de Quebec. 17e-18e siecle. 8p. O. 

33 Cathedrale et seminaire de Quebec, 17e-18e si^cle. lOp. O. 

34 seminaire de Montreal; fondation, etc. 17e-18e sifecle. 

lOp. Q. 

85 Registre de depenses du m^me seminaire, 1742-82. 50p. Q. 

86 Lettres de missionaires du Canada relatant la defaite des 

Anglais k Quebec, les dem^ies de rev^que de cette ville, 
etc. 17e-18e siecle. 50p. Q. 

87 Instructions et correspondances des Jesuites sur leurs mis- 

sions et leurs possessions au Canada, avec descriptions, 
17e-18e si^cle. 200p. O. 

88 Etablissement de missions au Canada, et affaires adminis- 

tratives, militaires, commerciales du m^me pays, 18e 
siede. 1 bundle. 

39 Notice sur la chretiente du Canada, 17e si^cle. 5p. O. 

40 Consultation de la Sorbonne au sujet des mariages mixtes 

au Canada, 1763. 50p. O. 

41 Compagnie du Castor du Canada; etablissement, etc., 18e 

siecle. 18p. O. 



DBSCRIPTIVE LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 371 

42 Affaire Champlain, au Canada^ 18e si^cle. 4p. Q. 

43 . Secours envoj^s aux Canadiens, 1792. 1 bundle. 

44 M^moire sur les bois qu'on peut tirer du Canada, 18e si^cle. 

lOp. O. 

45 Arrets du Conseil du Roi au sujet des diff^ronds de la Com- 

pagnie de la Nouvelle France avec des partieuliers, dea 
concessions de terres, du commerce, de la p^che, etc. 
17e-18e si^cle. 25Crp. Q. 

46-49 Administration du Canada; affaires di verses, 17e-18e 
si^cle. Several bundles. 

50 Deux lettres ^critee de Cayenne sur la descente et P6ta- 
blissement dee Frangais dans ce pays, 1653, 1688. 
18p. Q. 

61 Prise de Tile et du port de Cayenne par le C^® d'Estr^es; 
prise du fort d'Orange; d^faite de Pamiral hollandais de 
Ruyter; relations, 1664-89. 70p. O. 

52 Execution du traits entre la France et le Portugal au sujet 
des limites de la colonie de Cayenne du c6t6 du Br^sil, 

1700. 8p. F. 

63 Correspondances relatives aux missions de Cayenne, 1777, 

etc. 22p. O. 

64 M^moires et lettres du C^® de Genlis sur I'Am^rique en 

g^n^ral, sur Saint-Domingue et les affaires militaires dea 
colonies, 1773-74. 600p. O. 

65 Lettres du chevalier de Laval sur les affaires de Saint* 

Domingue, 1777-78. 15p. O. 

66 Lettres de Saint-Domingue sur les ^tablissements fran^ais, 

le guerre avec TAngleterre, etc. 17e-18e si^cle; desains 
curieux repr^sentant des n^gres travaillant aux moulina 
k Sucre. 20p. Q. 

57 M^moire du sup^rieur des missions de Saint-Domingae; 

visite de la province de Saint-Louis, 18e si^cle. lOp. Q. 

58 Naturalisations d'^trangers aux lies du Vent, Saint- 

Domingue, la Martinique, etc. 17e-I8e si^cle. 1 bundle* 

69 Description de Pile de la Martinique par un P^re J^suite, 

1701. 8p. ' F. 

•60 Autre description de la m^me, 1701. 3p. O. 

61 Liste des vice-rois des lies de I'Am^rique; serments dea 

gouverneurs, 17e-18e allele. 5p. O. 

62 Vente h la Compagnie dea Indes occidentales des Ilea 

d'Am^rique appartenant k I'ordre de Malte, 1665. Ip. Q. 

'CS Prise de Pile de Saint-Christophe par les Frangais, 1781. 
lip. O. 



372 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

64 Adresse des habitants de la Guadeloupe au eh®*" de Mira- 
beau, gouverneur, et felicitations, 18e si^le. 2p. Q. 

66 Lettre d^crivant le tremblement de terre de la Jamaique,. 
1692. 2p. Q. 

66 Prise de Pile de la Grenade; relation des r^jouissaneeB 

c^l^br^es k cette occasion, 1779. 20p. Q. 

67 Prise des lies de -Gor^e et de Tabago et du fort d'Orange 

sur les Hollandais, 1678. lOp. O. 

68 M^moire sur le commerce de PEspagne aux Indes occiden- 

tales, 17e si^cle. 20p. O. 

69 Note et discours sur les missions du Br^sil et du P^rou, 

1613,1706. 34p. S. 

Haps 

The very large maps are marked 1, medium sized on€fs 2, and: 
imall ones 3. 

70 Lac des Deux montagnes, pr^s Montreal, 1721. 3 

71 C6te du Canada et territoire de Saint-Sulpice, pr^s Pile de- 

Montreal, 1722. 2 

72 Paroisses de Saint-Xavier et Sainte-Genevi^ve, au Canada,.. 

avec la division des terres, 1730. 3 

73 Ville-Marie ou Montreal, ville, 17e si^cle. 2 

74 He d'Orleans, dans le fleuve St-Laurent, 17e siMe. 3 

75 Cours du St-Laurent depuis Pile d'Orl^ans jusqu'^ Pile- 

d'Anticosti, 17e si^cle? 3 

76 Ville de Louisbourg, 1720. 3 

77 Ville de Quebec, 1744. 2 engraved plans, 3. 

78 He de Montreal et environs, 1742. 3 engraved. 

79 He de Sable, entre le grand banc de Terre-Neuve et la c6te- 

d'Acadie, 17e si^le. 3 

80 He Saint-Pierre, avec partie de Pile de Terre-Neuve, 1763.. 

3 engraved. 

81 Three plans de la Nouvelle-Orl^ans et de la colonie de la^ 

Louisiane, 17e si^cle? 3 

82 La Ploride, la Louisiane, et provinces adjacentes, 17e 

si^cle. 3 

83 Embouchure du Mississipi, avec le projet d'un port et 

d'une place maritime, 1722. 3 

84 La Nouvelle-Orl^ans, 1744. 3 engraved 

85 Mission de la Montague (Louisiane), avec annotations^ 

1694. 3 

86 Terrain occupy par les concessions de MM. le marquis de^ 

M^zi^res et des Marches aux Nouveaux Biloxy (Louisi- 
ane), 17e si^cle. 3 



DBSCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRE7NCH MAXXJSORIPTS 373 

87 Guyane frangaise et partie de la riviere des Amazones, 18e 

si^cle? 2 

88 Cayenne, lie et environs, 18e si^cle. 3 with a view of fort 

St Michel. 

89 Guyane frangaise en 1729. 3 

90 La Guadeloupe et lies voisines, 1759. 3 

91 La Martinique, 18e si^ele. 3 engraved 

92 La Dominique, 1778. 3 engraved 

93 Port-Louis (Tabago), ville et environs, 1786. 3 

94 Fort Castries (Tabago), 1787-89. 3 

95 Saint-Domingue, plan g^n^ral, 1703. 3 

96 Saint-Domingue en 1725. 3 engraved, with manuscript 

annotations 

97 Ville de Leogane et c6te, 4 plans, 18e si^cle. 3 

98 L'lle k Vache et le fonds de la Grande-Terre, 18e si^cle. S 
99-108, plans relating to island of Santo Domingo 

99 Ville du Cap frangais et environs, 1786. 3 

100 Ville de Port-au-Prince et environs, 1785. 3 

101 Ville de Cayes, 1786. 3 

102 Ville et bale de Saint-Louis, 1786. 3 

103 Ville de Saint-Marc, 1785. 3 

104 Ville du Port de Paix, 1785. 3 

105 Bale et ville du M61e St Nicolas, 1786. 3 

106 Ville et bale du Fort Dauphin, 1786. 3 

107 Baie et bourg de Jacmel, 1786. 3 

108 Baie et bourg de Tiburon, 1786. 3 

109 Carte des domaines frangais et anglais dans PAm^rique 

septentrionale, avec renseignements sur les diff^rends 
entre les deux nations, sur la position des tribus indi- 
ennes, et une notice sur les ^tablissements frangais et 
anglais, vers 1748. 1 

110 Cartes de la guerre d'Am^rique, indiquant diff^rentes 

operations, combats, positions d'arm^es, etc. 1775-78. 
5 charts, 2 

BIBLIOTHfeQUE NATIONALE 

1 Relation du Nouveau Monde, tir^e des d^couvertes de Chr. 

Colomb, J. Cartier, Alvaro Nufiez, etc. 16e si^cle. 300f. 
O. 
Appears to be by Peter Martyr, but is not found in his printed works. 

2 Livre ler des voyages de F. Cortez dans les Indea occiden- 

tals, 16e si^cle. 120f . Q. 



974 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

3 Journal des voyages d(^s Portugais aux Jndes occidentales, 

1497-1632. about 150p. Q. 
In Portuguese. 

4 Autorisation donn^e au 8r do Gournay d'aller faire colonic 

dans TAuii^rique australe et septentriohale, 1664. 4p. Q. 

5 Description du Nouveau Monde par G. Gardiner, 1649. 155f. 

F. 

Translated from the English. 

6 M^moire relatif h la d^couverte de I'Am^rique, 18e si^cle. 

about 4pp. Q. 
Summary of events. 

7 M^moires et documents sur les c6te« d'Amdrique, notam- 

nient sur la Louisiane, 17e-18e si^cle. 400p. Q. 
Interesting descriptions and documents relating to colonization. 

8 Voyage fait au Canada en 1535, par ordre de Frangois ler, 

suivi d'un petit glossaire du pa^'s, 16e si^cle. 62f. Q. 

9 Voyage de Jaques Cartier aux Indes occidentales, 1535-36. 

59f.. O. 
Same voyage as the preceding with slight variations. 

10 Voyag'e de'M. de Courcelles, gouverneur de la Nouvelle 

France, au lac Ontario, 17e si^cle. 21p. O. 

11 Relations des misfidonaires du Canada, 1693-94. about SOp. 

Q. 

12 Histoire du Canada, avec pieces y relatives, par Pabb4 de 

Belmont, about 200p. D. 
Printed in Quebec Historical Society collections, 1840. 

13 Relation de ce qui s^est pass^ en 1634 sur le fleuve Saint- 

Laurent, par le P. Paul; avec details sur les moeurs dea 
sauvages Montagnais. 130p. Q. 

14 Relation d'un naufrage sur le m^me fleuve, 1729. 8p. Q. 

15 Relation de la vietoire remport<5e k Carillion dans le Ca- 

nada, 1758. 6p. Q. 

16 Arr^t du parlement ent^rinant la nomination de Roberval 

comme lieutenant du Roi au Canada, 16e sii^cle. 2p. Q. 

17 Lettree patentes diverges relatives au Canada, 17e-18e 

si^cle. Iv. F. 

18 Voyage aux lies f ranc^aises d'Am^rique, 1696-99. 622p. Q. 
Probably by the Sr de la Courbe. 

19 Liste des gouverneurs f ran^ais des lies d'Am^rique. 3p. Q. 

20 Relation de Tile de Guadeloupe, par les missionaires domi- 

nicains, 1647. 86f. D. 
Description, customs, natural history and history of the mission. 

21 Journal de la navigation de Benolt Gerard, hoUandais, dans 

les Indes occidentales, oil il attaqua la flotte espagnole & 
la Havane, 1628. 20t Q. 



n 



DBSCRIPTIVB LIST OP FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 375 

22 M^moires sur la Nouvelle Espagne, recueillis sur les lienx, 
par Jean de Mons^gur, 1707-8. 288p. O. 

^ Nouveaux m^moires touchant le Mexique, par Mons6gur, 
capitaine de vaisseau, iYl4. 404p. O. 
Same as preceding nimiber, enlarged, and with maps. 

24 Relation de Texploration du Mexique en 1765, par Don 

Antonio Bueareli. about 60p. F. 
In Spanish. 

25 Conquesta de Mexico por el gran capitan F. Cortez, por 

Domingo de San Antonio Muilon, 1766. 649p. Q. 
In Spanish. 

26 Narracion de la eiudad de Mejico, corte e cabeza de toda 

la America septentrional, por Don Juan de Viera, 1778. 

about loOp. Q. 
In Spanish. 

27 M^moire sur les parties du monde r^cemment d^couvertes, 

notamment la Guyane, 16e si^cle. 122p. F. 

Translation of the first voyage of Sir Walter Raleigh to Guiana, in 
1595. 

28 Mdmoires sur le Paraguay et les ^tabliasements des 

J^suites dans PAm^rique espagnole, 18e si^cle. 140f. 

Q. 

Appendix of the following manuscript with a beautiful map of South 
America. 

29 Colonias orientales del rio Paraguay o de la Plata; 1804r-5, 

por Don Miguel Lastarria. 136f. Q. 

Plan of reorganization and boundary between the Spanish and 
Portuguese possessions. In Spanish, with maps. 

50 Libro de los thesoros del Peru, por Las Casas, 16e si^cle. 

97p. Q. 

Dissertation on the injustice of the Spanish administration. In 
Spanish. 

51 Relacion de todo lo succedido en la provincia del Peru desde 

1543, IGe si^cle. 5Gf. F. 
In Spanish. 

32 Journal du voyage de Don Miguel de San Bstevan, ancien 

coregidor, dans le Haut-P^rou, 1740. 73p. F. 
In Spanish. 

55 Proems des Pyramides de Quito, 18e si^cle. 440p. F. 
Pyramids erected near the equator by La Condamlne. 

54 Description des e6tes et ports du Brdsil, par J. Teixeira 
Albernas, 1027. 19 maps. 
In Portuguese. 

35 Roteiro general com largas informaciones de toda a costa 

que pertene ao estado do Brazel, 1587. about 80p. F. 
Description of Bahia and other places. In Portuguese. 

56 Extrait d'un journal de voyage fait aux c6tes de Guin^e 

et k Buenoe-Ayres par le vaisseau du Roi la Sph^e, 
1707-8. 5p. map, Q, 



876 NEW YORK STATE LIBRARY 

37 Relaciones varias de las Indias, 17e-18e si^cle. 446p. F. 
Documents relating to the administration of the colonies, laws an<f 

ordinances relating to mines, inquests, brief from Pius 5, etc. lit 
Spanish. 

38 Cedulas reales de las Indias y ordenanzas de minas, 17e-18e 

si^ele. about 160p. F. 
In Spanish. 

39 Bartolome de las Casas sobre las Indias; o, Reformacion 

de las Indias, 16e si^cle. about lOOp. Q. 
In Spanish. 

40 Jirevissima relacion de la destruccion de las Indias, por 

B. de las Casas, 1552. 134f. Q. 
In Spanish. 

41 Del rio de las Amazonas con sus dilatadas provincias, 1639,. 

por Don Martin de Saavreda. 32p. O. 
Discovery of the country and other documents. In Spanish. 

42 Declaration du Roi de France touchant les esclaves de 

PAm^rique, leur protection, la retraite, etc. 1685. 34p. 
D. 

43 Histoire naturelle de V Inde occidentale par Vincent 

Leblanc, 16e-17e si^cle. 164f . D., 

44 Traits des quadrup^des, oiseaux et poissons qui se trouvent 

dans les Indes occidentales, 17e si^cle. llOp. O. 

M1NI8TERE DE LA MARINE 

1 Lettres ou dep^ches adress^es par le Ministre de la Marine 

aux officiers et fonctionnaires de son d^partement. Nu- 
merous documents. 

2 Lettres revues des ports, ^tablissehients et colonies par le 

Ministre de la Marine. Numerous documents. 

3 Correspondances ^chang^es entre le Ministre et les batl- 

ments arm^s. Numerous documents. 

This correspondence includes accounts by La Salle, D'Hiber- 
ville, and others of their expeditions to the Mississippi, details 
regarding the companies of the Mississippi and Louisiana, sug- 
gestions as to colonization and defense, etc. 

MINISTERE DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES. 

1 Correspondance politique. Numerous documents. 

2 M^moires r^dig^s au Minist^re pour les besoins du service 

ext^rieur. Numerous documents. 

3 M^moires et pieces adressi^s au Minist^re par les repr^- 

sentants de la France a Pext^rieur. Numerous docu* 
ments. 
• 4 Pamphlets et pieces diverses sur la guerre d'Am^rique,. 
1778-83. about 50p. F. 



DEJSCRIPTIVB LIST OF FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 377 

5 M^moires politiques et militaires du due de Noailles, rou- 

lant en partie sur la guerre d'Am^rique, 18e si^cle. 
Iv. F. 

6 Note de Napoleon sur les affaires d'Am^rique, 1810. 6p. Q. 

7 N^gociation du traits de paix et de commerce entre la 

France et les Etats-Unis, 1800; et n^gociations avee les 
EtatsUnis de 1801 k 1803. Iv. 

8 Correspondance secrete du comte de Broglie avee Louis 15, 

dont une certaine partie concerne le Canada, 1752-75. 
Iv. 

9 Plan de defense du Canada par M. de Champeaux, 1746. 

about 40p. F. 

10 Divers mdmoires et documents de provenance h6t6rog6ne 

relatif s k PAm^rique. 
Number of documents undetermined, having not yet been calendared.. 



I N DEX 



The superior figures tell title exact place on the page in ninths; e. g. 864* 
means page 3&^, beginning in the third ninth of the page, i. e. about one 
third of the way down. 



Acadia, 335', 343' 
Acosta, d', 367« 
Adams, John, 358\ 363« 
Agueeseau, Henri Frangols d', 843* 
Alabamians, 340" 
Anian, 363' 
Anson, George, 346* 
Antigonish river, 343* 

Bahia Hermosa, 363* 

Baye Verte, 343* 

Beauchesne, Gouin de, B2T, 828% 

328» 
Beaurain, Chevalier de, 340^ 

Bedaulx, , 350» 

B6ville. de, 364* 

Bienville, Jean Baptiste le Moynede, 

332», 333', 338», 339^, 340», 341* 
Biloxi, fort, 333*, 338*, 338*, 340*, 

342* 
Bisacler, abb6. 345" 
Bissagos islands, 324* 
Blsseau, 324* 
Bob6, Rev. 344* 
Bois-brillant [Boisbriand], sieur 

Dugu6 de, 338» 
Boscawen, Edward, 345*, 346* 
Boston. 350* 

Bougainville, Louis Antoine de, 359* 
Bouloc, lieutenant colonel, 330' 
Bonrguignon, de, 325' 
Bourgogne, comte de, 362* 
Brazil, 322* 

Brice [or Price], , 350^ 

Broglie, Charles Frangois, comte 

de, 354*. 355', 358*, 359*, 359*, 360% 

364*, 367' 
Burgoyne, John, 353*, 358' 
Byng, John, 346* 

Cabral, Pedro Alvarez, 322^ 
Cadillac, Antoine de la Mothe. 334*. 
337* 



California, 363' 

Calli^res Bonnevue, Louis Hector 

de, 337* 
Canada, 323*, 324' 
Cape Breton. 343*, 346* 

Capitaine, , 351*, 355* 

Cartagena, 329*. 330* 

Cassagnet, , 325' 

Champlain, lake, 347* 
Charleston (S.C), 350*, 351* 
Chateauguay, Antoine le Moyne de; 

340* 
Chateaumorand, marquis de, 826*, 

32y 
Chicacos, 339* 
Chicago, 337* 
Chicottalles, 339' 
Chile, 327'. 328^, 328' 
Columbus, Christopher, 322* 
Conchaques, 340* 
Cook, James. 362f 
Comwallis, Charles, 365*, 36e» 
Crown Point, 347' 

Darien, 328* 

Dauphin island. 341* 

Deane. Silas, 351*, 352*, 356', 858*, 

362*, 362* 

Derbanne, , 341* 

Desgranges, , 347* 

Detroit, 334*, 337* 

Devin, , 342' 

Diaz, Bartolomeu, 323* 

Dieppe, 323' 

Du Boismartin, , 351", 352*, 

355*, 357'. 357*, 361* 
Du Buysson, ie chevalier, 350*, 360' 
Du Casse, Joan Baptiste, 325*, 329*, 

330' 
Ducoudray, Philippe Charles Jean 

Baptiste Tronson, 351*, 355', 356* 
Du Ru. Rev. 340* 



380 



NEW YORK STAT® LIBRARY 



J&staing, Charles Hector, comte d'> 

35»*, 361^ 362* 

( 
FayoUe, Du RousBeau, chevalier de, 

351*, 352», 355% 357*, 30(y, 3(50» 
Flanders, 363% 363» 
Fleury, Frangols Louis Teisseidre, 

marquis de. 352', 358* 
Florida, 322', 333' 

Frangols, , 325" 

Francois, cape, 332", 340*, 341* 
Franklin, Benjamin, 363*, 363«, 86e» 
Franval, , de, 351», 355», 357', 

360" 
Fuentes, admiral de, 363' 



-. 329* 



GalUfet, - 

Gates, Horatio, 353" 

Gaulin, liev. Michel Antoine, 343' 
•G6rard de Rayneval, Conrad Alexan- 
dre, 360», 360* 

Germantown (Fa.), 356» 

Ghent, 363^ 

GImat, de, 350" 

Good Hope, cape of, 322" 

Gor6e, 325* 

Gourgues, Dominique de, 322' 

Grasse, Frangols Joseph Paul, 
comte de, 364', 365*, 366* 

Grenada, 326'. 359*, 367« 

Guadeloupe, 326* 

Guiana, 349', 350=' 

Haiti, 324", 325* 
Hancocli, John. 352*, 354' 
Havre de (irRce, 323^ 
Hawlte, EJdward. 347' 

Hocquart, , 345" 

Holland, 324» 

Howe, Richard, 356», 357*. 358^ 

Hubert, , 341* 

Iberville, Pierre le Moyne, sieur d\ 
326^ 32r, 329", 330", 332*, 333", 
334\ 335-, 336*, 337% 338», 338*, 
340* 

Iroquois, 335', 337', 338' 

I»le Royale, 343* 

Japan, 322» 
-Jefferson, Thoma«, 368* 



Jesuits. 324», 345' 
Jolinston, fort, 35P 
Jones, Jolm Paul. 347* 
Juan Don, lilug of Spain, 322* 

Xalb, Joliann, baron do, 350*, 35P, 
355*, 355», 357*, 357«, 358', 35^, 
359*, 359", 360*, 361* 

Katarakuy [or Fort Frontenac, now 
Kingst(m Can.], 337' 

King (Jeorge's bay, 363' 

La Beauzney de, 367* 

La Colombe, chevalier de, 351* 

La Fayette, marquis de, 350^, 354», 

355', 357', 361% 362" 
La Fond, de, 325', 325' 
La Galisouni^re, comte de. 331" 
La Harpe, Benard de, 340* 
La Haute Maison, de, 332* 
Lameth, Charles Malo-Frangols, 

vicomte de, 364', 364% 365* 
Lameth, Theodore, comte de, 866' 
La Motte, Bols de, 346' 
La Salle, Etienne Jean Gigault de» 

366' 
La Salle, Robert Caveller, sieur de, 

323% 324% 337^ 
Laurens. Henry, 360* 
Lauzun Biron, Anuand Louis de 

Gontaut, due de, 364* 
Lee, Charles, 360" 
Lee, Richard Henry, SGC 

Le File. , 338» 

Le Maire, Rev. Frangols, 345' 

Le Moyne, sec Bienville; Chateau- 

guay; Iberville 
Lesser, de, 350», 357% 358» 
Lesser Antilles, 326* 

l/e Sueur. , ;«9* 

Livingston, Robert R. 368* 
Louis 15, king of France. 347' 
Louis 16, king of France, 34r, 366' 
Ix)uislana, 331% 340». 342' 
I^vell, James, 353*, 356" 

Magellan, strait of, ti27\ 328% ;I28« 

Maine, 34?* 

Manuel, Don, king of Portugal, 

322' 
Marie Galante, 326» 



INDBK TO LIST OF FRENCH MANUSCRIPTS 



381 



Marseilles, 363* 

Martinique, 326* 

Massacre island, 339* 

Maurepas, eomte de, 354* 

Mauroy, Charles Louis, vicomte de, 
35r, 352*, 353*, 355', 357*. 359*, 
360^ 362^ 

Mauroy, marquis de, 362* 

Mlamis, 337* 

Micmacs, 343^ 

Mifflin, Thomas, 360* 

Mississippi river, 326*, 3?r, 329^ 
330=, 331\ 332*, 332^ 333*. 335% 
335*, 336% 339*, 339', 341% 342* 

Missouri river, 332* 

Mobile. 338». 338*, 341* 

Mobile bay, 326*, 339* 

Mobile river, 339», 340\ 342^ 

Monroe, James, 368* 

Montbarrey, Alexandre Marie Lie- 
nor de Saint Mauris, prince de, 
360* 

Montcalm Gozon de Saint-V6ran, 
Louis Joseph, marquis de, 347* 

Montigny, Rev. Francois Jolliet,336^ 

Montreal. 337' 

MoHns, Jean Ambroise Boyer de, 
366' 

Morris. Gouverneur, 356* 

Moultrie, fort, 351* 

Nantucket, 359* 
Natchitoches. 341* 
New Albion. 3aT 
New Mexico, 325* 
New Orleans, 341' 
Newfoundland, 345' 
Niagara, 337», 347* 
North Island, 350* 

Ontario, Lal^e, 337* 

Osson [Ossun], marquis d', 366* 

Ostend, 363* 

Ouabache river, 332* 

Panama, isthmus of. 329* 
Paterson, William, 329* 
Fefialosa, Don Diego Dionisio de 
325' 

P6nicaut, , 331* 

Pennsylvania, 347* 



Pensacola, 326*, 338^ 

Philadelphia, 350*, 355* 

Pointis. Jean Bernard Louis Des- 

jean, baron de, 329*, 330* 
I'ontchartrain, Louis Phelypeauz, 

comte de, 333*, 337* 
Pontchartrain, Louis Phelypeaux, 

comte de, 329* 
Pontchartrain, lake, 332* 
Port Escoces, 329' 
Port Louis, 327*. 329* 
Porto Soguro, 322* 
Previllo. chevalier de, 362* 
Pri(v [or Brice], , 350* 

Quebec, 336* 
Quivira, 325', 363* 

Bace, cape, 345' 

Raff(ilis Broves; chevalier de, 365* 

Red river, 341* 

Romonville, de, 339* 

Renaudot, Eusfibe, 323* 

Ricard, chevalier de, 348', 349* 

Ricouart, de, 333* 

Rio Grande, 324* 

Rob6, Rev. 344* 

Robillard, , 364* 

Rochambeau, comte de, 365', 366* 

Sacy, de, 330* 

Sngeau, Mathieu, 324* 

St Bernard's bay, 342*, 342* 

Saint Clair. Arthur, 360* 

St Denis, Louis Juchereau, sieur de, 

330', 33y 
St Germain, Claude Louis, comte 

<le, 3r,2' 
St Lawrence river, 343* 
Ste Barbe, 337=* 
Ste Lucie, 350^* 
Santa Cruz, 322^ 326* 
Santo Domingo, 326', 329*, 332*, 336*, 

341*, 349* 
Saratoga, 353' 
Sauvole, de, 339' 
Schuyler, Philip, 300* 
Senogambia, 324* 
Sofala, 323* 

Surg6res, chevalier de, 326', 327* 
Surg^res isiand, 332* 



382 



NEW YORK STATD LIBRARY 



Tliequaye, 325' 

Tobago, 366" 

Tonti, Alphonse de, 334*. 331* 

Tonti, Henri de, 334% 330^ 

Trinidad, 367» 

Valdivla (Chile). 328*. 328' 

Valfort, de, 350», 354», 357S 358» 

Valley Forge, 358« 

Vanolles, de, 331^ 

Vera Cruz, 333» 

Vlllebon, Robineau, chevalier de, 

835" 
ViUefort, sleur de. 328^ 



Villermont, Cabart de, 334* 
Viomesnil, baron de, 364* 
Vii-glnia, 34r, 360* 
Vrigny, de, 351* 

Wallez, Philippe. 363". 363» 
Washington, George, 852«, 354\ 354% 

356», 357*, 360S 364S 366*, 366* 

3(i7» 
Watronvillo, Urbain de. 866* 
West Indies, 323* 
Wilmington (Del.), 356* 

Yorktown, 364*, 366» 



^^^^^H University of tlie SUte of New 7ork ^H 






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Additiiiiu, Jiui. 1, 1883-Dec 31, ^^1 




,— ufti triab uv tntcnsi «iid>r Ui« nitdeoo ^^H 


^■%a; 








^^^^H die 




U^! -nUodM: ufjoonigb. diJnuei »a jDaanMU uT ^^H 










. 3s»i), SqM»9«. 7SC, infant. ^H 




i^ T,>pan; Veuict;-; Out aMoni JJuob. S\^ Feb- ^^| 


^^H >S9». 


/f.-. 


^^H 


^^^^H 9-it II1C NeOicTtwl<: K«ii;iiBaiiee Art nf i^lh UUJ iIiUi Cda- ^^H 


^^^B 


HiMoiy of the L«tief HuJfor tlie isthCemury. iiH)i. Ap. ^^^ 


^^B i99S- 


/^f. 




^^^^H — ^2 


*-iiiTy 


Tals for Cfii)dr<w. jop. June tSaS. y ^H 
to 5ub}M Btbliographls (n Library Uulktiu ^H 


^^^H — H 


Index 


^^^M jr,i5»7. fijp 


, Auk. '69B' •rw. ^H 


^^^B — 19 


Cblleg* 

■ 


ittbr«/j«s1nltittt;nii<dSuica. t,t^ Utx. >J^9. /tv. ^H 



30 M:pi .- i)F-r,i7nii,in aoti FumlthiQg, aoju Ucc. 1899, jeJ 

—~- SI 1: ■ I'l »8p. M«y 190a. JA 

«> y i44[i< [iiD. 1901. J(V, 

33 ■ Eliwory. ii4p- Dec i goo. ist. 

- - 34 Ntiv luiv V Li.Liniiil Hutfiry. arap. Ptb. i(>oi. jjf. 

35 Ciiina ami the fat fcast tjjp. Mar. igoi. Jtv. 

36-17 1-fObel and tbe Kiniletgartui i (wttti) ReatlJriK List bri 

CfaildTvn'-i Librahuci. ijap. May igoe. /jc. No. 97,sepim[dy5£i.l 

jS Miiiuc Looil History. t<8p. Juue 1901. Jtv. 

- — '39 Bcsi boulu (if ii|oo. ji^i. Juty ti}oi. yfv. 

jn CtoM Liiti ij( a $500 l.tliraiy rcctmuntinilcO ht Scbmbi. Sipifl 

loly iijoi j;. 

Firittn' ' i.-ii(lIc*iic£diicalHin)b«lktt<wM-l5. 

Sttrcli<r. . -eirdiag. EdltloBI tiivc Xitea atnJDil 

31 ■■' Atnericn 1895-^. 3«p, Ocvl 

1901. to.. 

ja UiogTaphy fr>r Young I'eople. Cap- Nor. J901. /j*. 

33 French Govemincnl Scriols in Anericap Lifaruio. yap. Jiiv.1 

1 901. tje. 

^-t Best Books of 1901. jop. June 190*. io<. 

HivTOHV I SupplcmcDUnr Lisi of Manugc LtccDus. jop. Ap.l 

1S9S. J.-, 

ThU »crle> h ehJrR]' nprlDU of ttitatA ibmibwtIpI* la Stut* isillKiiiw. 
I Colonial Records: geuenl Entriot. v.^,^6&|^-i^. is6p. MajrJ 

1S99. »v. 
3 Annotated X.bt of ManuscnpU io New York Slate LJbiwjrJ 

34P- July 1S99. S*- 

4 Suvery in New Yofk. 76p. MAy 1900, tot. 

5 De»cniitlve l.tst uf Fnnch ManuacniiU rttlsling Io Am«rt».1 

68p, Sep. 190. f.fr. I 

- CnpM frnm the NiUi^iaal ArdiJivi mi Kitioall LilxMrir ■) Put> Ihr K. Y. SlU^I 

6 Cnlendar o( [N. V. CcilonUI] Coundl Miilu(e» ibfiS-iyKj, ;« 

Ap. 1901. 7SC- 
LiBiuRV :-viir(Oi. 3 Libnry SdwQl Register ^^&^-*fi. jop. JM^ 



.Sgfl. /(. 
Um of tiBdcDU Mmnfcd by i 



> wiik ptuUkiiu EUod by ■ 






3 t3^\^ Annual Rqiiirt of l.ibnuy School 1898. 3Sp. iL ApJ 

4 Bcltctcil KtfCTcniy; ItonkK. yop. Octv iSot. /we. 

Dwit nf oitrr In rrJ-rrnoc Wfif> In manv ctJc« "'h't 'fan ike best beob • 

n-ed. in .'"i- ■■■ f -- *..,..< 1. .■.i-.-,f.IJ Vladt. 

5 " '^99- Sf- , 

Far •■! Lily tn »iu!(£iU(t|l 
IndiiAs I. .1 .lies. 
6 ■yj. .lop. Do: 

1899. j. 
7 Setcciri) NaUooal 1 Mav 1900. Jt. 

Fat denteau/y tathllixitpl.; -i<l l>llilloSTa[:Utt nf Ubli-J 

Mtnpby M Kpoiid lutnol V* V' ' ' <' » [tfttcUi3lat Uiturio' 
of <r>e«. kill! (Cfiinfll liffil>'«tiitfhi«-. 
^— S T4th Annaal Report nf Lilincy Srtinol 1900. jfip. Joi 

1901. jf. 
9 Hnntibins :ii" N.jn Vifi ^i-ii-: L 1 Li mry School, inclndmg Stun-J 

jncf C[ii! Sep. 1901. //.-. 

.^— IO iSp. M». 1901. ^eM 

— ^ 1 1 >top. [unt: 1901. ff^-J 



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